Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 17, 2015
Ranibizumab found effective against diabetic retinopathy
In a randomized clinical trial of more than 300 participants, researchers from Johns Hopkins and elsewhere have found that ranibizumab -- a drug most commonly used to treat retinal swelling in people with diabetes -- is an effective alternative to laser therapy for treating the most severe, potentially blinding form of diabetic retinal disease.

Nanotech-based sensor developed to measure microRNAs in blood, speed cancer detection
A simple, ultrasensitive microRNA sensor developed and tested by researchers from the schools of science and medicine at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis and the Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center holds promise for the design of new diagnostic strategies and, potentially, for the prognosis and treatment of pancreatic and other cancers.

Minority patients less likely to receive analgesic medications for abdominal pain
A new study led by researchers at the Center for Surgery and Public Health at BWH found that minority patients with acute abdominal pain are less likely to receive analgesic medications, compared to their white counterparts.

NASA measures India's deadly flooding rains
During the past week extreme rainfall from two slow moving tropical low pressure areas caused severe flooding in southeastern India.

GOJO and leading researchers study hand microbiome science and its impact on human health
Leading experts in hand hygiene, skin health science and the human microbiome recently published, 'Review of Human Hand Microbiome Research' in The Journal of Dermatological Science.

Managing the data deluge for national security analysts
National security analysts often find that available data is growing much faster than their ability to observe and process it.

Perpetual youth for batteries?
A key issue with lithium ion batteries is aging. It significantly reduces their potential storage capacity.

Merging alcohol giants threaten global health, warn experts
The merger of the world's two largest beer manufacturers 'represents a major threat to global health, to which researchers, funders and regulators must respond more effectively,' warn global health experts in The BMJ this week.

Midwife-led maternity care costs €182 less per woman than consultant-led care
The average cost of maternity care for a woman in a midwife-led unit is €182 less than in a consultant-led unit, according to new research conducted by the School of Nursing and Midwifery and School of Medicine (Health Policy and Management) at Trinity College Dublin.

Study shows how crop prices and climate variables affect yield and acreage
When corn prices increase farmers reap higher yields by making changes.

Countries on the rebound making significant climate adaptation progress
In the lead-up to 21st meeting of the Conference of Parties, 10 countries have come from behind to make marked progress in their ability to withstand the shocks and stresses of climate change, while five are distinctly less resilient, according to data released Tuesday (Nov.

PolyU and WHO co-organize an International meeting
PolyU and WHO co-organize The 4th WHO Informal Consultation for Improving Influenza Vaccine Virus Selection which will be held in Hong Kong from 18th to 20th of November, 2015.

Navy researchers recruit luminescent nanoparticles to image brain function
US Naval Research Laboratory scientists are on pace to develop the next generation of functional materials that could enable the mapping of the complex neural connections in the brain.

A new symmetry underlies the search for new materials
A new symmetry operation developed by Penn State researchers has the potential to speed up the search for new advanced materials that range from tougher steels to new types of electronic, magnetic, and thermal materials.

UH professor wins Karcher Award for work in characterization of fractured reservoirs
Yingcai Zheng, an assistant professor in the University of Houston's Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, recently was honored as a recipient of the 2015 J.

20 pneumococcal serotyping methods tested; concern about US healthcare quality measures
Twenty pneumococcal serotyping methods were put to the test. Medical doctors express concern about healthcare quality measures in the United States.

What's in a name? More than you think...
What's in a name? In the case of the usernames of video gamers, a remarkable amount of information about their real world personalities, according to research by psychologists at the University of York.

Dr. Wafaa El-Sadr named Dr. Mathilde Krim-amfAR Chair of Global Health
The Trustees of Columbia University approved a new endowed professorship in global health at the Mailman School of Public Health.

Understanding seal movement can help mitigate seal-fishery conflict
Understanding the differences in the behavior of different seal species can help in the choice of the most effective measures to mitigate the seal-fishery conflict and in the sustainable management of seal stocks.

Team approach may reduce readmissions due to falls in seniors
A comprehensive care program that involves a team of specialists from multiple medical disciplines for treating injuries sustained from falls in older adults could help reduce hospital readmissions, according to researchers at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

IRB Barcelona develops an advanced method and the first platform of DNA simulations
Today the group has published a new model in Nature Methods.

UT Dallas researchers use vagus nerve stimulation outside the forebrain
Dr. Patrick Ganzer of the Texas Biomedical Device Center won a best paper award for work that uses vagus nerve stimulation paired with rehabilitation to enhance neuroplasticity.

What leads to the local adoption and implementation of recreational marijuana policies?
When states move to legalize marijuana, local governments are faced with enacting -- or in some cases restricting -- the policy change in their jurisdictions.

Blood test results vary from drop to drop in fingerprick tests
Fingerprick blood tests are becoming more common, but a Rice University study finds that fingerprick test results can vary significantly from drop to drop.

OU-led study links deep-time dust with major impacts on carbon cycling
A University of Oklahoma-led study links vast amounts of iron-rich dust deposits from the late Paleozoic period of 300 million years ago with implications for major ecosystem fertilization and a massive drawdown of atmospheric carbon.

Brooding brittle star babies in 3-D
An article in GigaScience presents 3-D images of the inside of live-bearing brittle stars, relatives of starfish, and these 100 GB of data are freely available.

Chemists create adaptable metallic-cage gels
MIT chemists have created a new type of gel by linking metal organic cages with long polymer strands.

Obesity and type 2 diabetes harm bone health
In a new animal study, University of Missouri researchers examined how the development of obesity and insulin resistance contribute to bone-fracture risk and whether exercise prevents weight gain and diabetes and protects bone health.

Founding chair of UC San Diego Department of Bioengineering receives Franklin Award
Shu Chien, founding chair of the Department of Bioengineering at the University of California, where is he currently a professor and director of the Institute of Engineering in Medicine, has received the prestigious Franklin Institute Award.

Scientists take aim at disease-carrying 'kissing bug'
An international research team, including scientists from Simon Fraser University, hopes its study of the vector Rhodnius prolixus -- also known as the 'kissing bug' and a major contributor to Chagas disease -- will further the development of innovative insect control methods to curb its impact on humans.

Early use of antibiotic for recurrent, severe lower respiratory illness in children
Among young children with histories of recurrent severe lower respiratory tract illness (LRTI), the use of azithromycin early during an apparent RTI compared with placebo significantly reduced the risk of experiencing progression to severe LRTI, according to a study in the Nov.

'Changing the rules of the game' on collaborative climate change research
A new framework seeks to clarify roles, responsibilities of local stakeholders on climate change research.

Climate macroscope: Software for finding tipping points and critical network structures
Researchers in Germany have developed a tool to help grapple with enormous data sets and reveal big picture trends, such as climatic tipping points and their effects on species.

Scientists find bone protein inhibits prostate cancer invasion
Scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in collaboration with researchers from University of California campuses at Merced and Davis have found that a secreted protein predominantly expressed in bone inhibits prostate cancer metastasis to bone.

Marine fungi reveal new branches on tree of life
Researchers from the University of Exeter have discovered several new species of marine fungi inhabiting previously undescribed branches of the tree of life.

Endurance athletes who 'go against the grain' become incredible fat-burners
Elite endurance athletes who eat very few carbohydrates burned more than twice as much fat as high-carb athletes during maximum exertion and prolonged exercise in a new study -- the highest fat-burning rates under these conditions ever seen by researchers.

Many hands make light work and improve health, researchers have found
Getting help with baby care could keep families healthier and extend their lives, according to a new study into bird behavior.

A flight management system available to all
Aerospace manufacturers charge a minimum of $13,000 per flight management system, and they've long kept their data secret.

TSRI scientists find surprising trait in anti-HIV antibodies
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute have new weapons in the fight against HIV.

Scripps Florida team discovers compounds with potential to treat persistent tuberculosis
In a substantial number of cases -- some two billion, in fact -- the tuberculosis bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) isn't active at all.

Fungus causes emerging snake disease found in Eastern US
Researchers working for the US Geological Survey have identified the fungal culprit behind an often deadly skin infection in snakes in the eastern US Published this week in mBio, an online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology, the research shows that Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola is the definitive cause of snake fungal disease, which will help researchers pinpoint why it is emerging as a threat to snake populations and how its impacts can be mitigated.

Radiation blasts leave most Earth-like planet uninhabitable, new research suggests
The most Earth-like planet could have been made uninhabitable by vast quantities of radiation.

From nanocrystals to earthquakes, solid materials share similar failure characteristics
An extensive study by an interdisciplinary research group suggests that the deformation properties of nanocrystals are not much different from those of the Earth's crust.

PPPL physicists use computers to uncover mechanism that stabilizes plasma within tokamaks
A team of physicists led by Stephen Jardin of the US Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory has discovered a mechanism that prevents the electrical current flowing through fusion plasma from repeatedly peaking and crashing.

Researchers create cheaper, high performing LED
Assistant Professor of Physics Hanwei Gao and Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering Biwu Ma are using a class of materials called organometal halide perovskites to build a highly functioning LED.

The fittest fiddle
University of Iowa researchers say behavior, particularly psychologist Edward Thorndike's law of effect, is the foundational principle behind the evolution of the violin and other handmade inventions.

Find of the century in Yavneh sheds light on ancient religious cult in Palestine
After several years of work, the second and final volume on the excavations at Yavneh, located about 20 kilometers south of Tel Aviv in Israel, has just been released.

Self-help books: Stressed readers or stressful reading?
Consumers of self-help books are more sensitive to stress and show higher depressive symptomatology, according to a study conducted by researchers at the CIUSSS de l'Est-de-l'Île-de-Montréal (Institut universitaire en santé mentale de Montréal) and the University of Montreal, the findings of which were published in Neural Plasticity.

Blood phosphorus levels can help predict kidney failure risk in African-Americans
An increase in serum phosphorus levels in African-Americans with chronic kidney disease is associated with faster progression to kidney failure, known as end-stage renal disease (ESRD).

For kids prone to wheezing with respiratory infections, early antibiotics help
In children whose colds tend to progress and lead to severe wheezing and difficulty breathing -- such that they are given oral corticosteroids as rescue therapy -- research led by Washington University School of Medicine in St.

'Shrinking bull's-eye' algorithm speeds up complex modeling from days to hours
MIT researchers have developed a new algorithm that vastly reduces the computation of virtually any computational model.

Recognizing the basic structure of language is not unique to the human brain
A team led at Newcastle University, UK, has shed light on the evolutionary roots of language in the brain.

African-Americans with depression more likely to have strokes, heart attack
Major depressive symptoms -- perceived stress, neuroticism, life dissatisfaction -- are associated with nearly twice the increased risk of stroke and coronary heart disease among African-Americans.

Researchers devise new diabetes diagnostic tool
Researchers at University of Exeter have developed a new test to help diagnoses diabetes, which they say will lead to more effective diagnosis and patient care.

Bright prospects: Repairing neurons with light
Scientists at Helmholtz Zentrum München have succeeded in stimulating the regeneration of injured neurons in living fish by the use of light.

Nova Southeastern University announces new NSU Cell Therapy Institute
Nova Southeastern University is now at the forefront of conducting pioneering cell-based biomedical research with the launch of the new NSU Cell Therapy Institute, an international collaboration with prominent medical research scientists from Sweden's world-renowned Karolinska Institutet.

Paper: Prior union experience correlates with voting for pro-labor issues
Research from U. of I. labor professor Ryan Lamare found that a legislator's past experience with labor unions is associated with an increase in voting for union-supported issues.

Study quantifies risk of cardiac arrest in children during spine surgeries
Although the vast majority of pediatric spine surgeries are safe, a handful of neuromuscular conditions seem to fuel the risk of cardiac arrest during such operations, according to research led by investigators at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center.

Researchers identify a new mode of drug resistance to emerging therapies in prostate cancer
Advanced prostate cancer is a disease notoriously resistant to treatment.

Flexoelectricity is more than Moore
Researchers from the ICN2 Oxide Nanoelectronics Group, at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, led an international work, published today by Nature Nanotechnology, which has produced the world's first integrated flexoelectric microelectromechanical system on silicon.

Improved nuclear waste disposal focus of $800,000 Department of Energy grant
An innovative method for removing radioactive elements from nuclear waste that could reduce the amount of total waste being generated through nuclear fission is the focus of a three-year, $800,000 grant from the Department of Energy through its Nuclear Energy University Program.

Impact of climate change on the nutrient load of the Pike River watershed
Using future climate change scenarios and water quality projections, experts found that sediment and the blue-green algae producing nutrients phosphorus and nitrogen are likely to increase in the Missisquoi Bay despite active efforts to reduce nutrient loads.

NREL research identifies increased potential for perovskites as a material for solar cells
Scientists at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory have demonstrated a way to significantly increase the efficiency of perovskite solar cells by reducing the amount of energy lost to heat.

New York businessman, philanthropist gives $30 million to cancer research
Andy Sabin, of East Hampton, N.Y., has committed $30 million -- the philanthropist's largest grant to date -- to support research at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Bid to build Europe's first CS cluster launched in UK
A partnership between industry and academia to create Europe's first Compound Semiconductor technology cluster will be launched in the UK Parliament today (Nov.

Stacking instead of mixing
Overheating of computer chips is a major obstacle to the development of faster and more efficient computers and mobile phones.

New technique could prevent dangerous biofilms on catheters
Biofilms frequently coat the surfaces of catheters, and of various medical implants and prostheses, where they can cause life-threatening infections.

Prostate cancer screening drops dramatically in middle-aged men
PSA testing has dropped significantly in middle-aged men after a 2012 recommendation that all men should not be routinely screened for prostate cancer, according to a new study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

NYU scientists receive $2 million Moore Foundation grant for atom-by-atom engineering
NYU researchers have received a three-year, $2 million grant from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation to explore new ways to create advanced materials atom-by-atom -- with the aim of laying the groundwork for the next generation electronic devices.

Every species counts
The relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning greatly depends on the prevalent environmental conditions.

GMO decision from the Swedish Board of Agriculture provides hope to plant scientists
The Swedish Board of Agriculture has, after questions from researchers in Umeå and Uppsala in Sweden, confirmed the interpretation that some plants in which the genome has been edited using the CRISPR-Cas9 technology do not fall under the European GMO definition.

Can data on TV watching predict presidential election outcomes?
A provocative new study shows that big data-derived models developed and trained based on people's television viewing behavior in 'safe' US states can be used to forecast the presidential election outcomes in 'swing' states.

NREL research honored with R&D 100 awards
A technology developed at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory has been honored by R&D Magazine as a winner of a coveted R&D 100 award as well as an Editor's Choice award.

Measuring immune cells before surgery may help predict recovery time, Stanford study finds
The behavior of a type of white blood cell can indicate how soon patients will be back on their feet after hip surgery, according to a study by scientists at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

New drowsy driving position statement calls for greater public awareness, education
A new position statement from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine warns that drowsy driving is a serious public health concern requiring greater public awareness and increased efforts to improve preventive education.

Working up a sweat may protect men from lethal prostate cancer
A study that tracked tens of thousands of midlife and older men for more than 20 years has found that vigorous exercise and other healthy lifestyle habits may cut their chances of developing a lethal type of prostate cancer by up to 68 percent.

US emergency departments show racial/ethnic disparities in pain management
Minority patients are less likely to receive analgesic medications for abdominal pain at US emergency departments, suggests a nationwide study in the December issue of Medical Care.

Living in thin air
To get at the genetic roots of high altitude adaptation, a collaborative research team led by Kevin White and Gabriel Haddad of University of Chicago and UC San Diego respectively, turned to a research workhorse, the fruit fly and identified a treasure trove of new genes -- all told, over 100 genes that may be critical to high-altitude adaptation, with more than 40 similar genes found in humans.

Pitt project aims to turn world on to DC power
The University of Pittsburgh receives a $2.5 million grant to bring a direct current power grid closer to fruition and to make Pitt and Pittsburgh the epicenter of an emerging DC power industry.

Electrons always find a (quantum) way
Scientists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have demonstrated for the first time how electrons are transported from a superconductor through a quantum dot into a metal with normal conductivity.

Hallucinations linked to differences in brain structure
People diagnosed with schizophrenia who are prone to hallucinations are likely to have structural differences in a key region of the brain compared to both healthy individuals and people diagnosed with schizophrenia who do not hallucinate, according to research published today.

Fat makes coral fit to cope with climate change
A year ago, researchers discovered that fat helps coral survive heat stress over the short term -- and now it seems that fat helps coral survive over the long term, too.

Study advances potential test to sort out precancerous pancreatic cysts from harmless ones
In a 'look-back' analysis of data stored on 130 patients with pancreatic cysts, scientists at Johns Hopkins have used gene-based tests and a fixed set of clinical criteria to more accurately distinguish precancerous cysts from those less likely to do harm.

Mitochondria on guard of human life
Living mitochondria will tell researchers about processes that occur inside of them grace to the work of scientists from Lomonosov Moscow State University and their colleagues from Denmark and Germany.

New advanced computing systems
Scientists at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid are studying how to improve the development of advanced computing systems to create faster software under the auspices of RePhrase, a new research project from the European Union Horizon 2020 program.

Gene mutation linked to reckless drunken behavior
Researchers of the University of Helsinki, Finland, have identified a genetic mutation which renders carriers susceptible to particularly impulsive and reckless behavior when drunk.

Melting Scandinavian ice provides missing link in Europe's final Ice Age story
Molecular-based moisture indicators, remains of midges and climate simulations have provided climate scientists with the final piece to one of the most enduring puzzles of the last Ice Age.

Study compares risk of anaphylaxis among marketed IV iron products
Cunlin Wang, M.D., Ph.D., of the US Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Md., and colleagues studied recipients of intravenous (IV) iron enrolled in the fee-for-service Medicare program from January 2003 to December 2013.

Success in producing a completely rare-earth free Feni magnet
- For the first time, low cost production of a completely rare-earth free FeNi magnet with simple industrial technology - Hard magnetic phase formed in natural meteorite achieved in significantly reduced time (from billions of years to maximum ten days) - Issues related to rare-earth supply in production of high quality magnets potentially resolved, paving the way for industrial superiority in the production of future magnets

CU Anschutz researchers find new risk posed by opioid pain medication
Patients with no recent history of taking opioid pain medication had a 25 percent higher risk of chronically using the drugs if they received them when discharged from the hospital, according to researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.

Women recognize abuse in 'Fifty Shades' film
Young adult women who watched 'Fifty Shades of Grey' found the relationship between the characters Christian and Anastasia somewhat exciting and romantic, but also expressed grave concerns about Christian's abusive behavior, new research finds.

First insights into changes to developing brain caused by gene associated with autism
New insights show how even very small changes to synapses can alter brain function and could lead to intellectual disabilities.

$4 million grant funds Brain Safety Lab focused on brain health of older adults
Brain health is critical to successful aging. A four-year $4 million grant from AHRQ to the Indiana University Center for Aging Research funds the Brain Safety Lab which seeks to redesign the complex systems involved in providing health care to amplify attention to the well-being of the human brain.

Moscow State University is creating technologies to develop the oil deposits of 'Bashneft'
Moscow State University is creating new technologies for the development of oil deposits of 'Bashneft'.

Mathematical model helps show how zebrafish get their stripes
The iconic yellow and blue stripes of zebrafish form dynamically as young fish develop and grow.

Researcher's work offers more proof of Einstein's general theory of relativity
A Florida State University high-performance computing researcher has predicted a physical effect that would help physicists and astronomers provide fresh evidence of the correctness of Einstein's general theory of relativity.

KAIST'S robotics and biotechnology to present at the 2016 World Economic Forum
Representatives from the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) will attend the 2016 Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum to run an IdeasLab and showcase its humanoid robot.

Naomi Berrie Award recognizes research on understanding how the brain senses glucose
Robert Stanley Sherwin, M.D., a professor of endocrinology at the Yale School of Medicine, was presented with the 17th Naomi Berrie Award for his work on understanding how the brain responds to hypoglycemia.

Research reveals connections between social science and high fashion
The presentation will be featured this month at the world's largest gathering of anthropologists.

Helen Quinn named winner of the 2016 AIP Karl Compton Medal
The American Institute of Physics announced today that Helen R.

UTHealth community health workers win APHA prize
A team of Community Health Workers (CHWs) from The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) School of Public Health Brownsville Regional Campus has been selected as this year's recipient of the American Public Health Association's 2015 CHW outstanding group award.

Clemson scientists study conservation easements in the Appalachians
As joint senior authors, Drs. Rob Baldwin and Paul Leonard test the 'relative influence of interacting social and environmental variables on the spatial distribution of conservation easements by ownership category and conservation status.'

Mother's age at birth may influence symptoms of depression in daughters
The daughters, but not the sons, of women who give birth at age 30 or older are more likely to experience symptoms of depression as young adults, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Social and practical barriers keep HF patients from benefits of exercise therapy
Lack of social support and barriers to exercise (such as lack of transportation) reduce the amount of time heart-failure patients exercise.

Vitamin D deficiency may limit immune recovery in HIV-positive adults
A University of Georgia researcher has found that low levels of vitamin D may limit the effectiveness of HIV treatment in adults.

Scarcity, not abundance, enhances consumer creativity, study says
Resource scarcity translates into enhanced consumer creativity, according to new research co-written by University of Illinois business professor Ravi Mehta.

London researcher recognized for work in joint replacement
Matthew Teeter, Ph.D., an assistant professor at Western University's Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry and researcher at Lawson Health Research Institute, is a winner of the 2015 John Charles Polanyi Prize.

The South American origins and spread of the Irish potato famine pathogen
Using some ancient DNA detective work, a new study led by University of California Berkeley postdoctoral researcher Mike D.

Stretch mark science: What happens to your skin when pregnancy gives you a stretch mark?
Don't believe the hype when you see those creams and ointments promising to prevent or reduce pregnancy stretch marks.

Adelie penguin numbers may expand as glaciers retreat
Shrinking glaciers could lead to increasing numbers of Adélie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) in East Antarctica, according to research published in the open access journal, BMC Evolutionary Biology.

Ringing the changes 'opens the road to new medicines'
Inspired by the classic 'ball-in-a-cup' children's toy, researchers at the University of York have discovered an innovative method to make medicinally important molecules.

3-D mapping a new drug-delivery tool
Scientists from EPFL and Nestlé have developed a new method that can 'see' inside dispersed cubosomes (dispersed cubic liquid crystalline phases) with unprecedented detail.

ARCH Venture Partners, Flagship Ventures and MD Anderson collaborate to launch Codiak BioSciences
Codiak BioSciences, Inc. announced today the closing of the first portion of a planned $80-plus million Series A and B financing.

Nondrug interventions improve quality of life for Chinese cancer patients
A meta-analysis of dozens of studies of traditional Chinese medicine and other nonpharmacological interventions meant to improve patients' quality of life affirms that these approaches, on the whole, help alleviate depression, fatigue, pain, anxiety, insomnia and gastrointestinal problems in Chinese cancer patients.

Studies find decline in rates of PSA screening, early-stage prostate cancer
Two studies in the Nov. 17 issue of JAMA examine the change in prostate-specific antigen screening and prostate cancer incidence before and after the 2012 US Preventive Services Task Force screening recommendations.

Launching new Lund University Press
The scholarly book isn't dead. Researchers have long been under pressure to publish articles rather than monographs, but complex issues call for a larger format than the article provides.

Metabolic profiles distinguish early stage ovarian cancer with unprecedented accuracy
Studying blood serum compounds of different molecular weights has led scientists to a set of biomarkers that may enable development of a highly accurate screening test for early-stage ovarian cancer.

To reduce risk of infant death, shed excess pounds before becoming pregnant
Achieving a healthy weight before becoming pregnant and gaining an appropriate amount of weight during pregnancy significantly reduce the risk of the baby dying in his or her first year of life, according to new research from the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health.

Do vitamin supplements actually work? (video)
You've seen them in late night commercials and at your local pharmacy -- little pills that claim to cure your cold, help you wake up or maybe help you lose weight.

Bioengineering professor featured in Top 100 list on African-American influential site
Bioengineer Todd Coleman, from the University of California, San Diego, has been named one of 100 outstanding individuals for 2015 by The Root, a premier news, opinion and culture site for African-American influencers.

NIH-supported NeuroBioBank joins Autism BrainNet in brain donation initiative
The National Institute of Mental Health has signed an agreement to establish a collaborative, nationwide effort for the collection, storage, and distribution of postmortem human brain tissue for the benefit of autism research.

Report raises concern over health risks of Tasers
Tasers are increasingly being used by UK police yet recent studies suggest the health risks are greater than previously thought, reports The BMJ this week.

NASA sees Tropical Storm 27W form in Marianas Islands, warnings up
The tropical low pressure area previously known as System 95W consolidated and was classified as a Tropical Depression 27W on Nov.

'Good' mozzie virus might hold key to fighting human disease
Australian scientists have discovered a new virus carried by one of the country's most common pest mosquitoes.

Liking on Facebook good for teens' stress, but being liked... not so much
Facebook can have positive and negative effects on teens levels of a stress hormone, say researchers at the University of Montreal and the Institut universitaire de santé mentale de Montréal.

Eating to impress
If you're a man, how much you eat may have more to do with the gender of your dining companions than your appetite.

Parents aiming too high can harm child's academic performance
When parents have high hopes for their children's academic achievement, the children tend to do better in school, unless those hopes are unrealistic, in which case the children may not perform well in school, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Columbia Nursing to become new home of Jonas Center for Nursing and Veterans Healthcare
On the eve of its 10th anniversary, the Jonas Center for Nursing and Veterans Healthcare today announced that, beginning in 2017, it will be housed at Columbia University.

Small landscape changes can mean big freshwater gains
A new opportunity for improving the health and supply of Wisconsin's lakes, waterways and groundwater has emerged from a recent study in the journal Ecosphere by the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Water Sustainability and Climate Project. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to