Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 18, 2015
Dark matter dominates in nearby dwarf galaxy
A Caltech researcher has measured what could be the highest concentration of dark matter in any known galaxy.

Journal Maturitas Publishes position statement on testosterone replacement therapy in the aging male
Journal Maturitas today announced the publication of a position statement by the European Menopause and Andropause Society (EMAS) covering testosterone replacement therapy in the aging male.

FDA-approved drug protects mice from Ebola
A new study suggests that gamma interferon, which is an FDA-approved drug, may have potential as an antiviral therapy to prevent Ebola infection when given either before or after exposure to the virus.

UA researchers capture first photo of planet in making
Capturing sharp images of distant objects is difficult, largely due to atmospheric turbulence, the mixing of hot and cold air.

How to catch a small squid? First records for the Gulf of California and southwest Mexico
Often avoiding sampling gear due to their capability to detect movements and swim their way out of the nets fast enough, the small squids living in the open-ocean zone have long gone under-researched.

Could companies someday make a profit off unwanted CO2?
The world has a carbon dioxide problem, and to fix it, much attention has been paid to renewable energy sources, which don't emit the greenhouse gas.

A focus on fairness
Using a simple game in which candy is distributed between two players, researchers found that children around the globe were quick to reject unfair deals, but in three countries -- the US, Canada, and Uganda -- children were also willing to reject deals unfair to others.

Biomarkers in medicine explores the translation of biomarkers into regulatory science
Biomarkers in Medicine, a leading MEDLINE-indexed journal, has published a special focus issue exploring the increasingly important role of biomarkers in both drug development and regulatory decision making.

Twenty-first depression forms in eastern Pacific Ocean
NOAA's GOES-West satellite provided images of the birth of the latest tropical depression in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.

3-D printed parts from some commercial devices toxic to zebrafish embryos
The recent boom in 3-D printing has driven innovations in fields as disparate as haute couture and medical implants.

New technology for dynamic projection mapping
It has been thought technically difficult to achieve projection mapping onto a moving/rotating object so that images look as though they are fixed to the object.

Viagra improves insulin sensitivity in individuals at risk for diabetes
The medication sildenafil -- sold under Viagra and other trade names -- improves insulin sensitivity in individuals with prediabetes and also reduces a biological marker that signals heightened risk of kidney and heart disease, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Less than a quarter of hospitals stock antidotes required for immediate use
Less than a quarter of hospitals in England, Wales and Northern Ireland stock all of the recommended antidotes for immediate use in emergency departments, reveals an audit published in the online journal the European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy.

Warming ocean worsened Australia's fatal 2010/2011 floods
A study by a team of US and Australian researchers shows that long-term warming of the Indian and Pacific oceans played an important role in increasing the severity of the devastating floods that struck Australia in 2010/2011.

Experiencing major stress makes some older adults better able to handle daily stress
Dealing with a major stressful event appears to make some older adults better able to cope with the ups and downs of day-to-day stress.

Insulin-sensitizing drug relieves symptoms of chronic depression in some people
A drug that makes the body more sensitive to insulin helped to relieve symptoms of chronic depression in people resistant to the hormone, according to a study by researchers at the at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Rotman Professor wins Financial Times/McKinsey Award for Young Business Writers
A book proposal on managing the risk of catastrophic failure has won the Bracken Bower Prize sponsored by the Financial Times and McKinsey.

Researchers find link between air pollution and heart disease
Researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health have found a link between higher levels of a specific kind of air pollution in major urban areas and an increase in cardiovascular-related hospitalizations such as for heart attacks in people 65 and older.

Chemical engineers have figured out how to make vaccines faster
Researchers at Brigham Young University have devised a system to speed up the process of making life-saving vaccines for new viruses.

Poorer dementia patients in England less likely to be prescribed drugs
Dementia patients from more affluent areas in England are 27 percent more likely to be prescribed anti-dementia drugs than patients from poorer areas, finds a new UCL study of 77,045 dementia patients across the UK.

A 'Council of Psychological Science Advisors' tackles pressing policy issues
Some of the most urgent issues that American society faces today -- including obesity, consumer debt, risk of terrorism, and climate change -- are fundamentally influenced by decision making and behavior at both the individual and institutional levels.

RaQualia Pharma and Nagoya University's ITbM start new collaboration
RaQualia Pharma Inc. and the Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules (ITbM) of Nagoya University have announced a joint research agreement for the discovery of small molecules to control the circadian rhythms of mammals.

Research Data Alliance joins Group on Earth Observations as participating organization
The Research Data Alliance is one of the newest Participating Organizations in the Group on Earth Observations, creating an important partnership between the Earth observations and the RDA communities.

Gravity, who needs it?
What happens to your body in space? NASA's Human Research Program has been unfolding answers for over a decade.

Young whites usually more optimistic than minority peers about likelihood of living to 35
A new study of young people finds that, with one exception, whites are more optimistic -- sometimes drastically so -- than their minority peers about their likelihood of living to 35.

Neuroscientists reveal how the brain can enhance connections
Researchers at MIT fine that newly identified mechanism allows the brain to strengthen links between neurons.

What salamanders can teach us about baseball
University of Louisville researcher Bart Borghuis, Ph.D., has increased our understanding of how people and animals deal with sensorimotor delay in day-to-day interactions by analyzing the hunting skills of salamanders.

Mirabbos Hojamberdiev from Uzbekistan wins 2015 Atta-ur-Rahman Prize for chemistry
With rising use of fossil fuels and increasing greenhouse gas emissions, the world needs clean new energy sources.

Socioeconomic factors associated with undergoing surgery for early-stage pancreatic cancer
While socioeconomic factors such as race, ethnicity, marital status, insurance status, and geographic location are associated with whether patients with localized pancreatic cancer undergo resection (surgical removal of the tumor), only geographic location is associated with survival in these patients, according to a study published online by JAMA Surgery.

Ecological extinction explains how turbulence dies
Physicists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a theoretical understanding of laminar-turbulent transition that explains the lifetime of turbulent flows and an unexpected analogy with the behavior of an ecosystem on the edge of extinction.

ICGC brings more genomic health data to researchers on the Amazon Web Services Cloud
The International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) announced today that 1,200 encrypted cancer whole genome sequences are now securely available on the Amazon Web Services (AWS) Cloud for access by cancer researchers worldwide.

Obesity spells problems for trauma patients
A new study appearing in the Nov. 18 issue of the Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery found a link between obesity and a higher risk for surgery in orthopaedic trauma patients.

UH Ahuja Medical Center advances cardiology care by offering technological advancements
UH cardiologists, led by Dina Sparano, MD, recently completed their first ever implantation of a Subcutaneous Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (S-ICD).

Cereal science
There's more to the snap, crackle and pop of Rice Krispies than meets the ear.

A new way to monitor vital signs
Using technology invented at MIT, doctors may one day be able to monitor patients' vital signs by having them swallow an ingestible electronic device that measures heart rate and breathing rate from within the gastrointestinal tract.

VA, ASTRO and Washington U. combine forces to drive better care for veterans with cancer
The Department of Veterans Affairs today announced a new Radiation Oncology Practice Assessment program to leverage recent advances in information technology to improve radiation therapy cancer care for our nation's Veterans.

Samumed to announce clinical data on potential treatment of androgenetic alopecia at WCHR
Samumed, LLC, a leader in tissue regeneration, announced today that it will present clinical data on a small molecule (SM04554, an investigational new drug) for potential treatment of androgenetic alopecia (AGA), commonly known as male pattern baldness, at the 9th World Congress for Hair Research (WCHR) in Miami, Florida.

Study finds high prevalence of incapacitated rape among college women
Some 15 percent of women are raped while incapacitated from alcohol or other drug use during their freshman year at college, according to new research.

Basque research harnessed to manufacture more environmentally friendly vehicles
The IK4 R&D Alliance has been leading a European project in which new techniques have been designed to manufacture lighter structural automotive parts.

Plant and food-based compounds may be key to future cancer prevention
Rather than targeting one or two specific genes or proteins that contribute to cancer, the task force was charged with researching a broad-spectrum approach.

Parents' top fears about teen cellphone use
Parents' fears about their teenagers' heavy use of cell phones and social media may be exaggerated, according to a new report from Duke University researchers.

This week from AGU: Magma ocean, Underwater waves, & 5 new research papers
This week from AGU: Magma ocean, Underwater waves, & 5 new research papers.

The birth of monsters
ESO's VISTA survey telescope has spied a horde of previously hidden massive galaxies that existed when the universe was in its infancy.

Electron partitioning process in graphene observed, a world first
A group of researchers from Osaka University, the University of Tokyo, Kyoto University, and the National Institute for Materials Science precisely examined current-fluctuation ('shot noise') in the graphene p-n junction in the Quantum Hall (QH) regime and succeeded in observing electron partitioning taking place on the region along the p-n junction as current fluctuation.

New study suggests more than 8 percent of children with cancer have genetic predisposition
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital-Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project completes the most comprehensive analysis yet of the role genes associated with cancer predisposition play in childhood cancer.

Use your loaf to save British wildlife
Farmers can maintain high yields and boost nature by signing up to a wildlife-friendly scheme, new research published today in the Journal of Applied Ecology has found.

Cure for chytrid: Scientists discover method to eliminate killer fungus
Research published today details the first-ever successful elimination of a fatal chytrid fungus in a wild amphibian, marking a major breakthrough in the fight against the disease responsible for devastating amphibian populations worldwide.

Higher nicotine, carcinogen levels among smokeless tobacco users compared with cig users
U.S. adults who used only smokeless tobacco products had higher levels of biomarkers of exposure to nicotine and a cancer-causing toxicant -- the tobacco-specific nitrosamine NNK -- compared with those who used only cigarettes.

York scientists reveal structure of key cancer target enzyme
A team from the University of York has published research unveiling the 3-D structure of human heparanase, a sugar-degrading enzyme which has received significant attention as a key target in anti-cancer treatments.

Weekday sleep changes may raise risk of diabetes, heart disease
Monday mornings could be harmful to your health. Even routine sleep changes such as waking up early for work during the week may raise the risk of developing metabolic problems such as diabetes and heart disease, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Dartmouth scientists shed light on how our brains see the world
A Dartmouth study reveals how the brain understands motion and still objects to help us navigate our complex visual world.

Study identifies patient's priorities in treating rare muscular dystrophy
A new study of individuals with myotonic dystrophy type 2 -- a rare form of muscular dystrophy -- has helped pinpoint the symptoms of the disease that are most important to patients.

Secrets of dark proteome
Scientists have long speculated about the nature of the dark proteome, the area of proteins that are completely unknown, but a recent study by CSIRO has mapped the boundaries of these dark regions, bringing us one step closer to discovering the complete structure and function of all proteins.

Investigational immunotherapeutic increased bladder cancer survival
Among patients with metastatic bladder cancer that had progressed after platinum-based chemotherapy, those who received an investigational, personalized peptide cancer vaccine and best-supportive care had extended overall survival compared with those who received best-supportive care alone, according to results from a randomized, phase II clinical.

TATORT-NSTEMI trial shows thrombus aspiration does not improve 12-month outcomes
Thrombus aspiration before percutaneous coronary intervention does not improve 12-month clinical outcomes in patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), according to results from the TATORT-NSTEMI trial published today in European Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care.

Forming planet observed for first time
An international team of scientists in Australia and the United States has captured the first-ever images of a planet in the making.

Uni successful in £350k bid to measure students' 'learning gain'
When students go the extra mile and take part in university activities beyond the course curriculum, does this boost their all-round abilities, self-confidence and employability?

New urban heat island study shows surprising variation in air temperatures across Twin Cities
Some parts of the Twin Cities can spike temperatures up to 9°F higher than surrounding communities thanks to the 'urban heat island' effect, according to a new study from the University of Minnesota.

Australia's first 3-D printed spine implant
RMIT University in Melbourne has worked with a medical device company and a neurosurgeon to successfully create a 3-D printed vertebral cage for a patient with severe back pain.

NIH-led effort details global brain disorders research agenda in Nature supplement
The breadth and complexity of brain and nervous system disorders make them some of the most difficult conditions to diagnose and treat, especially in the developing world, where there are few resources.

Neurogastronomy: How our brains perceive the flavor of food
Neuroscientists, food scientists and internationally renowned chefs convened at the University of Kentucky recently to explore ways to help patients with neurologically related taste impairments enjoy food again.

Powerful new global arena needed to confront coming water challenges, elite UN board warns
The final report of a board of 20 independent advisors to the UN Secretary-General on water and sanitation offers blunt observations and calls for an overhaul of the way the world body deals with the issues.

Vanderbilt study finds erectile dysfunction drug may benefit patients at risk for diabetes
The drug sildenafil, sold as Viagra and other brand names, improves insulin sensitivity in people at risk for diabetes, researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center reported today.

Bringing the chaos in light sources under control
Noise is an issue in optical telecommunications. And findings means of controlling noise is key to physicists investigating light-emitting diodes or lasers.

Study in mice suggests coconut oil can control overgrowth of a fungal pathogen in GI tract
A new study from researchers at Tufts University found that coconut oil controlled the overgrowth of a fungal pathogen called Candida albicans (C. albicans) in mice.

Public encourage Babraham Institute to protect fundamental bioscience
The results of a public dialogue about the Babraham Institute's fundamental science and research on ageing are now available as a report: Public Dialogue on Future Strategy for the Babraham Institute.

Sea level rise from Antarctic collapse may be slower than suggested
A new study by scientists in the UK and France has found that Antarctic ice sheet collapse will have serious consequences for sea level rise over the next two hundred years, though not as much as some have suggested.

Our closest wormy cousins
OIST has analyzed the genomes of two acorn worm species and found that approximately two-thirds of human genes have counterparts in the ancestors of these marine animals.

Powering the next billion devices with Wi-Fi
University of Washington engineers have developed a novel technology that uses a Wi-Fi router -- a source of ubiquitous but untapped energy in indoor environments -- to power devices without sacrificing network performance.

Light therapy effective for depression: UBC study
New research finds that light therapy can treat non-seasonal depression and improve the overall wellbeing of people suffering from the disease.

New options for treating autism
The release of oxytocin leads to an increase in the production of anandamide, which causes mice to display a preference for interacting socially.

When did the Andes mountains form?
The Andes have been a mountain chain for much longer than previously thought, new research from the University of Bristol, UK suggests.

Bright light treatment efficacious for nonseasonal major depressive disorder
Bright light treatment either alone or combined with an antidepressant was an effective and well tolerated treatment for adults with nonseasonal major depressive disorder in a randomized clinical trial, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Without prescription coverage, some cancer patients do without even low-cost drugs
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study published in the journal Breast Cancer Research and Treatment shows that breast cancer patients whose health insurance plans included prescription drug benefits were 10 percent more likely to start important hormonal therapy than patients who did not have prescription drug coverage.

Quantum spin could create unstoppable, one-dimensional electron waves
Scientists from Brookhaven National Laboratory and Ludwig Maximilian University have proposed a solution to the subatomic stoppage of electron flow due to defects in materials: a novel way to create a more robust electron wave by binding together the electron's direction of movement and its spin.

Pigeons may provide insights on how pathologists, radiologists acquire visual skills
Pigeons may be able to distinguish between benign and malignant breast histology and radiology, according to an animal behavioral study published Nov.

Coconut oil shows promise in the prevention of deadly bloodstream infection
Coconut oil may be effective at combating infection with Candida albicans, according to a study published Nov.

Latin America's economic prospects dim into 2016
Trade and financial shocks in the form of collapsing commodity prices and reduced availability of external financing have worsened Latin America's economic prospects in the past year, according to an issue brief from Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy.

Nepali scientist Bishal Upreti is the 2015 C.N.R. Rao Prize winner
The Himalayan region is among the most earthquake-prone areas in the world.

Blocking immune cell treats new type of age-related diabetes
Salk Institute research reveals that diabetes in elderly, lean animals has a different cause -- and potential treatment -- from obesity-associated type 2 diabetes

Tel Aviv Univ discovery may redefine classifications in the animal kingdom
Tel Aviv University researchers have found that a close cousin of the jellyfish has evolved over time into a microscopic parasite.

Wisconsin scientists grow functional vocal cord tissue in the lab
University of Wisconsin-Madison scientists have succeeded in growing functional vocal cord tissue in the laboratory, a major step toward restoring a voice to people who have lost their vocal cords to cancer surgery or other injuries.

Four ORNL researchers elected fellows of American Physical Society
Four researchers from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have been elected fellows of the American Physical Society, one of the nation's top professional organizations for scientists.

Insulin degludec plus liraglutide: Again no hint of added benefit in type 2 diabetes
Relevant data are missing both for a direct comparison and for an indirect comparison.

Stormy space weather puts equatorial regions' power at risk
Stormy space weather sweeping across the equator is threatening vital power grids in regions long considered safe from such events, ground-breaking new research from RMIT reveals.

New strategy reduces side effects in Parkinson's treatment
Scientists have identified a novel strategy and a drug lead for reducing the side effects of uncontrolled movement caused by the drug levodopa, commonly used to treat the stiffness, tremors and poor muscle control of Parkinson's disease.

Research shows Texas Grow! Eat! Go! interventions having positive impact on youth
Research has shown that efforts through the Texas Grow! Eat!

Master switch for brain development
Scientists at the Institute of Molecular Biology in Mainz have unraveled a complex regulatory mechanism that explains how a single gene can drive the formation of brain cells.

Nationwide look at diabetes in Mexico paints grim picture
If diabetes in Mexico continues unchecked, at least one in three people, and as many as one in two, could be diagnosed with the disease in their lifetimes.

Sound deprivation leads to irreversible hearing loss
Massachusetts Eye and Ear investigators have shown that sound deprivation in adult mice causes irreversible damage to the inner ear.

Research yields potential treatment approach for glycogen storage disease
Researchers from the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore (Duke-NUS) and Duke Medicine have identified a potential treatment strategy for an often-fatal inherited glycogen storage disease.

Younger generations of those in the military more vulnerable to suicide
While many researchers have largely focused on risk factors among individual soldiers, in a new study, researchers contend that the increase in suicide may also indicate increased vulnerability among more recent generations of young adults.

Low-oxygen 'dead zones' in North Pacific linked to past ocean-warming events
A new study has found a link between abrupt ocean warming at the end of the last ice age and the sudden onset of low-oxygen, or hypoxic conditions that led to vast marine dead zones.

Scientists turn tastes on and off by activating and silencing clusters of brain cells
Most people probably think that we perceive the five basic tastes -- sweet, sour, salty, bitter and umami (savory)--with our tongue, which then sends signals to our brain 'telling' us what we've tasted.

IU study: Short winter days trigger aggression hormones differently based on sex
Indiana University researchers have discovered a hormonal mechanism in hamsters that connects short winter days with increased aggression in females, and that it differs from the mechanism that controls this same response in males.

Technology developed at UMass Medical School vastly improves CRISPR/Cas9 accuracy
By pairing the CRISPR/Cas9 system with a programmable DNA-binding domain (CRISPR/Cas9-pDBD), Scot Wolfe, PhD, associate professor of molecular, cell & cancer biology, has developed a new technology platform that is precise enough to surgically edit DNA at nearly any genomic location, while avoiding potentially harmful off-target changes typically seen in standard CRISPR gene editing techniques and opens the door to potential clinical and gene therapy applications.

$2.5 million grant funds study of how infectious diseases become epidemics
Kansas State University researchers are part of a team funded by US and UK agencies to identify and control infectious human, animal, and plant diseases.

The Lancet Infectious Diseases: New gene that makes common bacteria resistant to last-line antibiotic found in animals and patients in China
A new gene (mcr-1) that enables bacteria to be highly resistant to polymyxins, the last line of antibiotic defense we have left, is widespread in Enterobacteriaceae taken from pigs and patients in south China, including strains with epidemic potential, according to new research published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Nivolumab in NSCLC: Indication of major added benefit for under 75-year-olds
Younger patients in good general condition survive notably longer with the new drug than with the comparator therapy.

Uganda - JRC's early flood warning system triggers pre-disaster humanitarian action
To prevent waterborne diseases (e.g. dysentery) brought on by floods, the Red Cross last week distributed preparedness items to households in flood-prone villages 300 km north-east of Uganda's capital, Kampala.

Houston Methodist invention wins R&D 100 Award
R&D Magazine named the handheld single-cell pipette, a Houston Methodist Research Institute invention, as one the 100 most innovative technologies and services of the past year.

Gunshot survivors in high-crime community face elevated risk of early death, study shows
One in 20 survivors of gunshot violence in an urban area with high crime died within five years, mainly by homicide, according to the results of a study that tracked patients after they had been discharged from the hospital that treated them.

Key barriers to quality end-of-life care for ethnic minorities
A new study identifies six main patient-reported barriers to receiving quality end-of-life (EOL) care among ethnic minority populations.

Interpersonal communication key to daughters' well-being
Scholars have found that women express their emotions through 'narrative sense-making' and relate to and support each other by telling stories in everyday contexts.

Common pigeon: Not just a bird brain, but a brainy bird
A new study has found that pigeons are very good at distinguishing digitized microscope slides and mammograms of normal vs. cancerous breast tissue.

Patients improve speech by watching 3-D tongue images
A new study done by University of Texas at Dallas researchers indicates that watching 3-D images of tongue movements can help individuals learn speech sounds.

Research shows benefits, danger of Ultraman competition
A team of Florida State University researchers found that the endurance competition called the Ultraman can lead to large reductions in body fat, but also causes temporary muscle damage and potentially insulin resistance.

Babies have logical reasoning before age one, study finds
Within the first year of life, children can make transitive inferences about a social hierarchy of dominance.

With invasive insects and development looming, New York forest land may be peaking
With 63 percent of the state forested, New York may be nearing a peak in forest land.

2.4 percent faster swimming with the dolphin kick
Professor Hideki Takagi, at the Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences at the University of Tsukuba and his colleagues, through joint research with Descente Ltd., have succeeded in developing a new high-performance swimsuit with a 'kick assist system' that improves the power of the dolphin kick.

Critical gaps in antenatal care identified in cases of term stillbirths
An expert enquiry identifies key steps for hospitals to improve care for pregnant moms and babies.

Women & Infants earns recognition from The Joint Commission
Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island, a Care New England hospital, announced today that it has been recognized as a 2014 Top Performer on Key Quality Measures® by The Joint Commission, the leading accreditor of health care organizations in the US.

A simple, rapid test to help ensure safer meat
Deciding whether to cook or toss a steak that's been in the fridge for a few days calls for a sniff test.

Stanford study reports ethnicity does not predict type of end-of-life care patients want
Ethnicity does not predict the type of end-of-life care people want, according to a study by researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine.

Brazilian Artur Avila wins TWAS-Lenovo Prize
Artur Avila received his Ph.D. at 21, and at the age of 36 has already made great waves in multiple mathematical fields.

Zimbabwe on track to achieve virtual elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV
In 2010, when the project began, Zimbabwe had one of the highest burdens of new HIV infections in the world, with a mother-to-child HIV transmission rate of approximately 30 percent.

An easy pill to swallow
An insulin pill being developed by researchers at UC Santa Barbara may in the near future give another blood sugar management option to those who suffer from diabetes.

NIH launches initiative to develop long-acting HIV treatment and prevention tools
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases launched a major initiative to advance novel approaches to treat and prevent HIV infections based on broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) today.

Geordie Williamson to receive 2016 AMS Chevalley Prize
Geordie Williamson of the Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in Bonn, Germany, will receive the inaugural AMS Claude Chevalley Prize in Lie Theory.

Brain scan reveals cognitive deficits in older 'cognitively normal' HIV+ individuals
Neuroscientists at Georgetown University Medical Center have found in a small study that although a group of HIV+ older individuals scored 'cognitively normal' in standard neuropsychology testing, a scan of their brains tells a different story.

One very brainy bird
A joint study by the University of Iowa and University of California-Davis found pigeons performed as well as humans in categorizing digitized slides and mammograms of benign and malignant human breast tissue.

To be fair: Global study looks at how children respond to advantage and disadvantage
In one of the first studies of its kind, a team of researchers conducted a global experiment to understand how fairness develops in different societies.

New guidelines on the prevention/control of multi-drug-resistant gram-negative bacteria
Gram-negative bacteria include common types such as E. coli that all of us carry in our bowels.

Why do children develop cancer?
As new scientific discoveries deepen our understanding of how cancer develops in children, doctors and other healthcare providers face challenges in better using that knowledge to guide treatment and counsel families and patients.

Research using CO2 keeps even small fry invasive carp at bay
University of Illinois researcher Cory Suski has already shown that bubbling high concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) into water is a deterrent to invasive Asian carp adults.

New method developed to predict response to nanotherapeutics
A collaboration between investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital and Brigham and Women's Hospital has led to a new approach that uses an FDA-approved, magnetic nanoparticle and magnetic resonance imaging to identify tumors most likely to respond to drugs delivered via nanoparticles.

Brain disorder may increase miscarriage and preeclampsia risk in pregnancy
Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder, a disease often confused for multiple sclerosis, may increase a woman's risk for miscarriage and preeclampsia during pregnancy, according to a study published in the Nov.

Intervention improves teacher practices, student engagement in early elementary classrooms
A classroom program that helps teachers adapt their interactions with students based on individuals' temperaments may lead to more student engagement in kindergarten, more teacher emotional support to kindergarten and first grade students, and better classroom organization and less off-task behavior in first-grade classes, according to research by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.

Natural wetlands still better than rice fields for egrets in southeast US
Wading birds in many parts of the world use agricultural habitats such as flooded rice fields, but in the southeastern US, great egrets prefer natural wetlands over any other habitat type, according to a new study.

How do young women view the relationship in 'Fifty Shades of Grey'?
Examining women's perceptions of the relationship between Christian and Anastasia in the popular movie 'Fifty Shades of Grey' is a safe and valuable way to discuss healthy and unhealthy relationship dynamics, including the warning signs of intimate partner violence.

Smeagol found underground in Brazil: New eyeless and highly modified harvestman species
Called after Tolkien's character from the 'Lord of the Rings' series, a new eyeless harvestman species was found to crawl in a humid cave in southeastern Brazil.

Couples who have sex weekly are happiest
'Although more frequent sex is associated with greater happiness, this link was no longer significant at a frequency of more than once a week,' lead researcher Amy Muise said.

NASA sees In-fa become a Typhoon near Micronesia
Tropical Storm 27W intensified into a typhoon near Micronesia in the western North Pacific Ocean as NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead providing visible and infrared data to forecasters.

Scalp cooling cap design wins international Exhibitor Innovations Competition
The design skills and technical innovations of researchers at the University of Huddersfield have led to significant improvements in a silicon cooling cap that aims to reduce hair loss in cancer patients.

Spider webs yield clues to stickier glues (video)
Spider webs are notoriously sticky. Although they only take a second to swat down, shaking them off your hands can be an exercise in frustration.

Marine animals use new form of secret light communication
Researchers from the Queensland Brain Institute at The University of Queensland have uncovered a new form of secret light communication used by marine animals.

Strategy based on human reflexes may keep legged robots and prosthetic legs from tripping
Trips and stumbles too often lead to falls for amputees using leg prosthetics, but a robotic leg prosthesis being developed at Carnegie Mellon University promises to help users recover their balance by using techniques based on the way human legs are controlled.

Mutations in key cancer protein suggest new route to treatments
Researchers found they could disrupt STAT3's ability to act as a transcription factor by altering part of the protein, which interfered with its cancer-promoting activity.

Max Planck Florida study reveals cortical circuits that encode black and white
While some things may be 'as simple as black and white', this has not been the case for the circuits in the brain that make it possible to distinguish black from white.

College studies may reduce risk of dementia for older adults, research finds
Older adults who take college courses may increase their cognitive capacity and possibly reduce their risk for developing Alzheimer's disease or other forms of dementia, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

Prevalence of lifetime drug use disorders nearly 10 percent in US
A large national survey of US adults in 2012-2013 suggests that nearly 10 percent of Americans, or more than 23.3 million people, have lifetime drug use disorder diagnoses arising from drug use in the past year or prior to that and many of these individuals were untreated, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Study finds that Ebola vaccine is safe and stimulates strong immune response
A clinical trial of a new Ebola vaccine has found that it is well tolerated and stimulates strong immune responses in adults in Mali and in the US, according to a study published in the latest issue of the journal Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Evidence of probable transmission of bird flu virus between two unrelated individuals
A study published by The BMJ today provides the first evidence of probable person to person transmission of avian influenza A (H7N9) virus between two unrelated individuals in a hospital in China.

New clues emerge about the earliest known Americans
Stone tools, cooked animal and plant remains and fire pits found at Monte Verde in southern Chile provide greater evidence that a nomadic people adapted to a harsh ice-age environment -- the first known Americans -- reached South America more than 15,000 years ago.

Whale sharks in Gulf of Mexico swim near the surface, take deep dives
Tracking whale sharks in the Gulf of Mexico revealed their use of near-surface waters, as expected, but also their use of deeper water off the continental shelf, including remaining at depth greater than 50 meters continuously for more than three days, according to a study published Nov.

Springer launches book series with the Brazilian Center for Research and Development
Springer and the Brazilian Center for Research and Development (CPqD) have signed an agreement to jointly publish an international book series called Telecommunications and Information Technology.

Why mice have longer sperm than elephants
In the animal world, if several males mate with the same female, their sperm compete to ferti-lize her limited supply of eggs.

UK health professionals unite for stronger measures to tackle climate change
As world leaders prepare to meet in Paris for the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference, UK health professionals have formed an alliance of doctors, nurses, and allied health professionals to advocate for stronger measures to tackle climate change.

Global task force tackles problem of untreatable cancers and disease relapse 
Combinations of a significant number of non-toxic substances, many of which can be found in plants and foods, may give us a chance to stop untreatable cancers and prevent disease.

The Lancet: Breastfeeding babies protected against HIV infection from their HIV-positive mothers with 12 months of liquid antiretroviral drug treatment
A study from four countries in Africa, published in The Lancet, shows that providing babies with up to 12 months of liquid formula HIV drugs, while breastfeeding with their HIV-positive mothers, is highly effective at protecting them from infection, including in the 6- to 12-month period after birth which has not been analyzed in previous research.

Sea ice loss associated with increased summer land use by Chukchi Sea polar bears
Polar bears' use of land during substantial summer sea ice loss in the Chukchi Sea increased by 30 days, according to a study published Nov.

Has Syria painted a target on medical teams around the world?
Even in war, hospitals have a kind of invisible bubble around them.

Late effects of treatment study continues sustained academic effort in Hodgkin's lymphoma
'These study results are exciting. They should allow physicians to optimize the combination of systemic therapy and radiation and thereby balance the risks and benefits of different regimens in individual patients.'

Fighting and females determine how males make sperm
Why do mice have longer sperm than elephants? A new study by researchers from Stockholm University and the University of Zürich shows that the size of the female's reproductive tract holds the key for understanding how males make sperm.

Van Andel Research Institute's Hui Shen receives ovarian cancer research award
The Ovarian Cancer Research Fund yesterday announced that Van Andel Research Institute Assistant Professor Hui Shen, Ph.D., has received a prestigious award to support her search for the cells of origin for ovarian cancer.

Technique to more effectively diagnose and treat cancer developed by Georgia State University
A method to better trace changes in cancers and treatment of the prostate and lung without the limitations associated with radiation has been developed by Georgia State University researchers.
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