Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 23, 2015
Adapting to -70 degrees in Siberia: A tale of Yakutian horses
From an evolutionary perspective it happened almost overnight. In less than 800 years Yakutian horses adapted to the extremely cold temperatures found in the environments of eastern Siberia.

City-wide effort boosts NYC's colorectal cancer screening rates
A coalition formed by the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene which included a team from Mount Sinai to increase colorectal cancer screening rates in New York City resulted in a 40 percent increase in screening rates over four years.

New protein biomarker identifies damaged brain wiring after concussion
A brain protein called SNTF, which rises in the blood after some concussions, signals the type of brain damage that is thought to be the source of these cognitive impairments.

Next-generation infrared detectors win NSF funding
Scientists at Rochester Institute of Technology and Raytheon Vision Systems are getting closer to developing infrared detectors grown on silicon wafers for ground-based astronomy.

Mountain ranges evolve and respond to Earth's climate, study shows
Groundbreaking new research has shown that erosion caused by glaciation during ice ages can, in the right circumstances, wear down mountains faster than plate tectonics can build them.

To save the earth, better nitrogen use on a hungrier planet must be addressed
More than half of the world's population is nourished by food grown with fertilizers containing synthetic nitrogen, which is needed for large crop yields but causes significant pollution.

Football strengthens the bones of men with prostate cancer
Men with prostate cancer run the risk of brittle bones as a side-effect of their treatment.

Brains behind the wheel -- could virtual reality teach us to avoid real life accidents?
Using their state-of-the-art simulation facility in the School of Psychology scientists at the University of Nottingham are exploring the use of car driving simulators as tools for training and testing drivers in order to reduce road traffic accidents and fatalities.

Two University of Chicago scientists named AAAS fellows for 2015
Two distinguished University of Chicago scientists and educators have been named fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) for their distinguished efforts to advance science and its applications.

Higher resting heart rate linked to increased risk of death from all causes
A higher resting heart rate is associated with an increased risk of death from all causes in the general population, even in people without the usual risk factors for heart disease, according to new research published in CMAJ.

Tallest trees could die of thirst in rainforest droughts, study finds
Droughts could kill off the tallest trees in tropical rainforests in coming decades, a study suggests.

Early childhood exposure to Medicaid linked to better adult health, UMD study shows
Expanding publicly funded health insurance to low-income children could have long-term benefits for adult health, according to new research from the University of Maryland School of Public Health.

Netupitant/palonosetron for prevention of nausea and vomiting: Added benefit not proven
There are certain advantages in side effects, but equivalence of the main effect, the prevention of nausea and vomiting in chemotherapy, has not been proven.

CU researchers study palliative care preferences of Latinos on dialysis
The cultural values of Latinos have a major impact on their palliative care preferences and healthcare providers should be sensitive to their perspectives, according to a research letter by physicians at the University of Colorado School of Medicine.

Blood from small children 'remembers' prenatal smoking exposure
New Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research finds that blood taken from children up to the age of five contains molecular evidence about whether their mothers smoked during pregnancy.

A row-bot that loves dirty water
Taking inspiration from water beetles and other swimming insects, academics at the Bristol Robotics Laboratory have developed the Row-bot, a robot that thrives in dirty water.

'Sport shoppers' bargain hunt simply for the thrill of it, new research finds
Researchers have identified a new type of shopper -- the 'sport shopper' -- for whom shopping is akin to athletic competition.

Researchers identify genes connecting endocrine disruption to genital malformations
University of Florida Health researchers have identified genes that are disrupted by abnormal hormone signaling at crucial points during development, a finding that may lead to a better understanding of how the most common male genital birth defects arise in humans.

Christoph Koutschan, Manuel Kauers, and Doron Zeilberger to receive 2016 AMS Robbins Prize
Christoph Koutschan (Austrian Academy of Sciences), Manuel Kauers (Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Austria), and Doron Zeilberger (Rutgers University) will receive the 2016 AMS David P.

Endocrine experts call for more research into leading cause of infertility
More research is needed to better understand polycystic ovary syndrome -- one of the leading causes of infertility, according to the Scientific Statement issued by the Endocrine Society.

Adults born with heart defects have a substantially higher risk of stroke
Adults with congenital heart defects have considerably higher rates of stroke compared to the general population.

Want to remember new names? Sleep on it
A new study by investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital offers an additional reason to get a good night's sleep.

Bioart: An introduction
Bioart ranges from bacterial manipulation to glowing rabbits, cellular sculptures, and -- in the case of artist Nina Sellars -- documentation of an ear prosthetic that was implanted onto fellow artist Stelarc's arm.

Pioneering 'Science to Survive' pipeline gives cancer patients hope for a brighter future
Potentially life-saving therapies for cancer will be accelerated into clinical trials more quickly due to a pioneering project launched by scientists and clinicians at the University of Sheffield.

Online porn may feed sex addicts' desire for new sexual images
People who show compulsive sexual behavior, commonly referred to as sex addiction, are driven to search more for new sexual images than their peers, according to new research led by the University of Cambridge.

Oily waste with natural radionuclides: Stimulates or inhibits soil bacterial community?
Kazan Federal University partnered up with Justus Liebig University Giessen, Russian Academy of Sciences, and Georg August University Gottingen to reveal both structural and functional changes of the microbial community resistant to and able to decompose oily wastes in soil.

New supercomputer simulations enhance understanding of protein motion and function
Supercomputing simulations could change how researchers understand the internal motions of proteins that play functional, structural and regulatory roles in all living organisms.

Early childhood bronchiolitis increases asthma risk in adulthood
Persons who have had bronchiolitis in early childhood have an increased risk of asthma at the age of 28-31 and a weaker health-related quality of life than their peers.

City-wide effort boosts NYC's colorectal cancer screening rates and eliminates racial disparities in screening
A concerted effort to increase colorectal cancer screening rates led to a dramatic increase in NYC screening colonoscopy rates among average-risk men and women and eliminated racial/ethnic disparities in screening.

Tuberculosis: Daily antibiotics recommended to prevent resistant strains
A computer model of tuberculosis has shown that approved treatments prescribing antibiotic doses once or twice a week are more likely to lead to drug resistant strains than are daily antibiotic regimens.

Marine airgun noise could cause turtle trauma
Scientists from the University of Exeter are warning of the risks that seismic surveys may pose to sea turtles.

Nanomagnets: Creating order out of chaos
Miniaturization is the magic word when it comes to nanomagnetic devices intended for use in new types of electronic components.

Proton pump inhibitors should be used judiciously to minimize rare adverse events
Proton pump inhibitors, commonly used for heartburn and gastric distress, should be prescribed at the lowest dose possible and for the shortest length of time because of potential side effects, according to a review in CMAJ.

Computers can perceive image curves like artists
Imagine computers being able to understand paintings or paint abstract images much like humans.

Laboratory study: Scientists explore a new approach to prevent newborn epilepsies
Specific forms of epilepsy may manifest as early as in the first weeks of life.

Scientists discover the secret behind the power of bacterial sex
Migration between different communities of bacteria is the key to the type of gene transfer that can lead to the spread of traits such as antibiotic resistance, according to researchers at Oxford University.

Bird poaching continues to result in victims
Illegal hunting continues to be a challenge for biodiversity conservation in addition to posing a serious threat to some migratory species.

NYU study finds adults aged 50-59 now largest age group in opioid treatment programs
Researchers found a pronounced age trend in those utilizing opioid treatment programs from 1996 to 2012, with adults aged 50 and older becoming the majority treatment population in NYC, which has one of the largest methadone treatment systems in the US and consistently provides access to treatment in the public system.

Stem cell treatment mediates immune response to spinal cord injury in pre-clinical trials
Scientists at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have demonstrated in lab animals that a family of therapeutic stem cells called multipotent adult progenitor cells lessen the consequences of the immune system's damaging second wave response and preserve function that would otherwise be lost.

A huge chunk of a tardigrade's genome comes from foreign DNA
Researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have sequenced the genome of the nearly indestructible tardigrade, the only animal known to survive the extreme environment of outer space, and found something they never expected: that they get a huge chunk of their genome -- nearly one-sixth or 17.5 percent -- from foreign DNA.

NASA's Terra satellite sees Typhoon In-fa stretching
NASA's Terra satellite flew over Typhoon In-fa on Nov. 23 and imagery showed the storm had become elongated to the northeast.

Breakthrough allows tracking of single molecules in 3-D with nanoscale accuracy
An innovative approach to calibrating high-tech microscopes enables researchers to track the movement of single molecules in 3-D at the nanoscale.

Teaching problem-solving, leadership to young African-American girls lowers relational aggression
A new study from the Violence Prevention Initiative at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia suggests that educators, particularly in urban schools, should teach elementary school-aged girls problem-solving skills and provide them leadership opportunities as a way to reduce their relational aggression.

Using light-force to study single molecules
Scientists at EPFL show how a light-induced force can amplify the sensitivity and resolution of a technique used to study single molecules.

A tumor that can unroll: Engineers create new technology for understanding cancer growth
U of T engineers are unrolling the mysteries of cancer -- literally.

Anti-fat attitudes shaped early in life
New findings from New Zealand's University of Otago suggest older toddlers--those aged around 32 months old--are picking up on the anti-fat attitudes of their mothers.

Forecasting the path of breast cancer in a patient
USC researchers have developed a mathematical model to forecast metastatic breast cancer survival rates using techniques usually reserved for weather prediction, financial forecasting and surfing the Web.

Tandem solar cells are simply better
Stacking two solar cells one over the other has advantages: Because the energy is 'harvested' in two stages, and overall the sunlight can be converted to electricity more efficiently.

Innovative reports to help utility regulators, policymakers and electric industry
The electric industry in the US is undergoing significant changes for a number of reasons, including new and improved technologies, changing customer desires, low load growth in many regions, and changes in federal and state policies and regulations.

Penn biologists characterize new form of mRNA regulation
In a new report in the journal Plant Cell, University of Pennsylvania biologists used material from both humans and plants to examine chemical modifications to messenger RNA, or mRNA, finding that the modifications appear to play a significant role in the process by which mRNAs either survive and become translated into protein or are targeted for degradation.

How the Earth's Pacific plates collapsed
Scientists drilling into the ocean floor have for the first time found out what happens when one tectonic plate first gets pushed under another.

Pembrolizumab in advanced melanoma: Added benefit for certain patients
Certain adults with pretreatment have fewer side effects under pembrolizumab.

Study: Words can deceive, but tone of voice cannot
An analysis of the tone of voice used by couples during therapy allowed a computer algorithm to predict whether a relationship would improve.

Beavers restore dead wood in boreal forests
New research shows that beavers create significant amounts of dead wood into the lowland shore forests of boreal wetlands.

Urgent attention needed to improve education for Syrian refugee children, report finds
A new study finds there is an urgent need to improve both short-term and long-term approaches to education for the large number of Syrian refugee children in Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan.

University of California scientists create malaria-blocking mosquitoes
Using a groundbreaking gene editing technique, University of California scientists have created a strain of mosquitoes capable of rapidly introducing malaria-blocking genes into a mosquito population through its progeny, ultimately eliminating the insects' ability to transmit the disease to humans.

ACP recommends generics over branded meds
The American College of Physicians (ACP) says that prescribing generic medications whenever possible can improve adherence to therapy, improve outcomes, and reduce costs for patients and the health care system.

Common cause for complications after kidney transplantation identified
The BK polyomavirus often causes complications after kidney transplantation. The research group of Professor Hans H.

Ultrastable materials investigated in depth
Within the scope of an ESA project, the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt in Braunschweig measured the thermal expansion of ceramics needed for space telescopes such as ESA's Herschel as well as that of single-crystal silicon in the temperature range from 266 °C to 20 °C with high accuracy.

Military data supporting damage control resuscitation has altered civilian practice
A new study that surveyed Trauma Medical Directors at 245 trauma centers has found that damage control resuscitation practices that originated in military settings have been widely adapted in civilian practices across the United States.

Researchers find new, inexpensive way to clean water from oil sands production
Researchers have developed a process to remove contaminants from oil sands wastewater using only sunlight and nanoparticles that is more effective and inexpensive than conventional treatment methods.

Infertile worms resist infection-induced neurodegeneration
Mounting evidence points to a link between infections, the immune response, and neurodegenerative diseases.

Ancient genomes reveal natural selection in action
Genomic analysis of ancient human remains identifies specific genes that changed during and after the transition in Europe from hunting and gathering to farming about 8,500 years ago.

Find out how the Ebola crisis has affected funding for global health R&D
Speakers include: Nick Chapman (Policy Cures), Mark Suzman (Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation), Mark Feinberg (IAVI), Swati Gupta (Merck), and Wendy Taylor (USAID).

Expensive drugs that cure hepatitis C are worth the cost, even at early stages of liver fibrosis
It is cost effective to give patients expensive new hepatitis C drugs much earlier than some insurers now pay for them.

Clinical trial substantiates Wyss Institute's apnea prevention technology
Scientists, engineers and clinicians at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University and its collaborating institutions, the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and the University of Massachusetts Medical School, have shown in a clinical trial in the BIDMC neonatal intensive care unit that their new prevention technology reduces apneic events and improves critical clinical parameters in preterm infants.

Getting under the skin of a medieval mystery
A simple PVC eraser has helped an international team of scientists led by bioarchaeologists at the University of York to resolve the mystery surrounding the tissue-thin parchment used by medieval scribes to produce the first pocket bibles.

ACC to establish PINNACLE Registry in Mexico
The American College of Cardiology will partner with the ACC Mexico Chapter, in collaboration with both the Sociedad Mexicana de Cardiología and the Asociación Nacional de Cardiólogos de México, to establish a registry network in Mexico that is aligned with the ACC's PINNACLE Registry.

VTT develops solutions to reduce the effect of wind power on digital communications
Using methods developed by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, wind farms can now be designed to minimize their effects on television broadcasting and mobile communications.

Amblyopia, not strabismus, identified as key contributor to slow reading in school-age children
Children with amblyopia, commonly known as 'lazy eye,' may have impaired ocular motor function.

Army ants build bridges to shorten journeys through the rainforest
Army ants construct complex bridges from their own bodies to span gaps and create shortcuts in the floor of the tropical forests of Central America, according to a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Evolution of severely immunosuppressed HIV patients depends on the immunologic and virologic response
A study with nearly 2,300 severely immunocompromised HIV patients and led by researchers from the Bellvitge University Hospital and IDIBELL concludes that even in the worst scenario if patients recover immunologic response recovers or decreases viral load, or only one of the two things, the patient is able to control the disease.

TSRI scientists reveal potential treatment for life-threatening viral infections
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have shown for the first time how a previously unknown process works to promote infection in a number of dangerous viruses, including dengue, West Nile and Ebola.

Climate study finds evidence of global shift in the 1980s
Planet Earth experienced a global climate shift in the late 1980s on an unprecedented scale, fueled by anthropogenic warming and a volcanic eruption, according to new research published this week.

Christopher H. Scholz wins top honor in seismology
The Seismological Society of America will present its highest honor, the Harry Fielding Reid Medal, to Christopher H.

Young women who survive cardiovascular event have long-term risks
Young women who survive a heart attack or stroke still face long-term risks of death and illness, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Two MD Anderson faculty named as prestigious AAAS Fellows
Distinguished contributions to understanding p53 tumor suppression in stem cells and breakthrough advances in treating breast cancer have earned two scientists at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center membership in a notable association of scholars.

Gene identified that produces benefits of steroids, without the detrimental side effects
Scientists have revealed that glucocorticoids, a class of steroid hormones that are commonly prescribed as drugs, enhance muscle endurance and alleviate muscle wasting in Duchenne's muscular dystrophy through activation of the gene KLF15.

Hepatitis C screening of prison inmates would benefit wider community, be cost-effective
The benefits of screening prison inmates for infection with the hepatitis C virus and treating those who test positive for the infection would extend far beyond the prison population.

Why do medics from different backgrounds perform better or worse than others?
A report commissioned by the General Medical Council and carried out by the Collaboration for the Advancement of Medical Education and Research at Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry has reviewed the issues around why medics from one demographic group may perform differently from those from another on the same assessment.

Mayo Clinic leads global effort to standardize diagnosis of kidney disease
Kidney disease is a major health concern worldwide. It's estimated that 1 in 3 American adults are at risk of developing kidney disease, and 26 million adults already have kidney disease.

UMD study explains racial and ethnic disparities in unintended pregnancy
A new University of Maryland School of Public Health study examined why African American and Hispanic women have higher rates of unintended pregnancy than White women and found that unique factors explained the differences in unintended pregnancy between these groups.

Food industry can help lower cardiovascular diseases by adding little seaweed to products
Adding seaweed to processed foods such as frozen pizzas, hot dogs and dried pasta will reduce cardiovascular diseases, concludes a new scientific article.

Six Illinois researchers named AAAS fellows
Six researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Big data reveals glorious animation of Antarctic bottom water
A remarkably detailed animation of the movement of the densest and coldest water in the world around Antarctica has been produced using data generated on Australia's most powerful supercomputer, Raijin.

New access to the interior of electronic components
An interdisciplinary team at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum has found a way of accessing the interior of transistors.

Major bone, muscle and joint congress to include focus on sarcopenia and frailty
Clinicians, researchers and leading musculoskeletal diseases experts from more than 60 countries will attend the much anticipated 2016 World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases, to be held from April 14-17, 2016 in Malaga, Spain.

Stretchy slabs found in the deep Earth
The study suggests that the common belief that the Earth's rigid tectonic plates stay strong when they slide under another plate, known as subduction, may not be universal.

Hiding tobacco products at convenience stores reduces teens' risk of future tobacco use
The study, conducted in a one-of-a-kind laboratory replica of a convenience store, is the first to use a realistic setting to examine whether limiting displays of cigarettes and other tobacco products in retail outlets can reduce the intention of young people to begin smoking.

High-fat diet prompts immune cells to start eating connections between neurons
When a high-fat diet causes us to become obese, it also appears to prompt normally bustling immune cells in our brain to become sedentary and start consuming the connections between our neurons, scientists say.

ACP: Doctors should prescribe generic medications whenever possible
All clinicians should prescribe generic medications whenever possible as a way to improve adherence to therapy and clinical outcomes while containing costs, the American College of Physicians advises in a new paper published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

UNH professor awarded the honor of 2015 AAAS Fellow
University of New Hampshire Earth system science professor Steve Frolking has been named a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Rick become a post-tropical low
The remnants of post-tropical cyclone Rick continued to linger in the Eastern Pacific Ocean on Nov.

Climate can grind mountains faster than they can be rebuilt, study indicates
Researchers for the first time have attempted to measure all the material leaving and entering a mountain range over millions of years and discovered that glacial erosion can, under the right circumstances, wear down mountains faster than plate tectonics can build them.

Chromosome numbers in some antlions and owlflies could be inherited from a common ancestor
Varying between organisms, the number of chromosomes are normally a constant amount within a species, thus allowing for its successful reproduction.

Single largest gift from John P. McGovern Foundation renames UTHealth Medical School
The John P. McGovern Foundation has made a transformational $75 million gift to bolster medical training, provide full scholarships and support scientific discovery and innovation at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and its medical school, UTHealth President Giuseppe N.

New class of RNA tumor suppressors identified by Stanford researchers
A pair of RNA molecules originally thought to be no more than cellular housekeepers are deleted in over a quarter of common human cancers, according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

How the body stops the type 2 innate immune response from triggering allergic disease
Researchers from the RIKEN Center for Integrative Medical Sciences (IMS) in Japan have shown how the body suppresses the activation of the long-lived cells involved in the anti-parasitic type 2 innate immune response after infection, preventing the response for continuing when it is no longer needed and can trigger allergic responses.

Neuroscientists gain insight into cause of Alzheimer's symptoms
Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute scientists have uncovered a mechanism in the brain that could account for some of the neural degeneration and memory loss in people with Alzheimer's disease.

Children who take ADHD medicines have trouble sleeping, new study shows
In a study published online Monday by the journal Pediatrics, Nebraska researchers found that children given ADHD stimulant medications take significantly longer to fall asleep, have poorer quality sleep and sleep for shorter periods.

Loss of mastodons aided domestication of pumpkins, squash
If Pleistocene megafauna -- mastodons, mammoths, giant sloths and others -- had not become extinct, humans might not be eating pumpkin pie and squash for the holidays, according to an international team of anthropologists.

Ludwig San Diego's Paul Mischel elected AAAS Fellow
Ludwig San Diego's Paul Mischel has been elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

UC San Diego professors named AAAS Fellows
Six University of California, San Diego professors have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the world's largest general scientific society.

NASA eyes Tropical Cyclone Annabelle in Southern Indian Ocean
Tropical Storm Annabelle formed early on Nov. 21 in the Southern Indian Ocean, strengthened briefly and began a weakening trend on Nov.

First-of-kind dopamine measurements in human brain reveal insights into how we learn
The readings were collected during brain surgery as the conscious patients played an investment game, demonstrating rapid dopamine release encodes crucial information.

No lens? No problem for FlatCam
Rice University engineers introduce FlatCam, an extremely thin, lens-less camera system that uses sophisticated algorithms to record images and videos.

The quest for tasty fake meat (video)
Who doesn't drool over a Thanksgiving dinner of mashed potatoes, stuffing and most importantly, turkey?

Daily handful of walnuts linked to better diet and improvements in some health risk factors
Eating a daily handful of walnuts is linked to better overall diet quality and an improvement in certain risk factors among people at high risk of diabetes, finds research published in the online journal BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.

New Antarctic season tackles ambitious science and logistical challenges
The British Antarctic Survey (BAS) 2015/16 field season is underway with dozens of scientists and support staff -- together with planes and tonnes of equipment and fresh supplies -- arriving at BAS's five Antarctic research stations.

New mechanisms of self-organization in living cells
The publication of MSU scientists who have investigated the mechanisms of self-organization in living cells will make possible the development of science-based treatment strategies for different diseases - for example, to create medicines that can cause cancer cells lose the ability to multiply uncontrollably.

Infants under 12 months most at risk of physical abuse
Infants under the age of 12 months are most at risk of serious physical abuse, reveals a large study of severely injured children published online in Emergency Medicine Journal.

A tick that feeds on birds may increase the range of Lyme disease
A tick that is not known to bite people may play a role in the transmission of Lyme disease, according to an article in the Journal of Medical Entomology.

NASA study finds microgravity reduces regenerative potential of embryonic stem cells
A study performed on the NASA Space Shuttle Discovery showed that exposure of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) to microgravity inhibited their ability to differentiate and generate most cell lineages, needed for the development of bone, muscle, the immune system, and other organs and tissues.

Earth not due for a geomagnetic flip in the near future
According to a new MIT study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the Earth's geomagnetic field is not in danger of flipping anytime soon: The researchers calculated Earth's average, stable field intensity over the last 5 million years, and found that today's intensity is about twice that of the historical average.

Surprise: Stretchy slabs in deep Earth
New observations from an international geophysics team, including Carnegie's Lara Wagner, suggest that the standard belief that the Earth's rigid tectonic plates stay strong when they slide under another plate and sink into the deep Earth may not be universal.

New research may draw a 'curtain of fire' on dinosaur extinction theory
The role volcanic activity played in mass extinction events in the Earth's early history is likely to have been much less severe than previously thought, according to a study led by the University of Leeds.

Sharing economy can help financial struggles
The power of the sharing economy in shaking up traditional industries can be harnessed to help financially struggling Queenslanders, according to QUT research.

Blood sugar levels in response to foods are highly individual
The largest study of its kind supports the need for personalized dietary recommendations.

Chapman University professor is Regional Coordinator for €3 million European Union Grant
Chapman University associate professor Hesham El-Askary, Ph.D., is the regional coordinator on a €3 million grant from the European Union's Horizon 2020.

UF creates trees with enhanced resistance to greening
After a decade of battling the highly destructive citrus greening bacterium, researchers with the University of Florida's Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences have developed genetically modified citrus trees that show enhanced resistance to greening, and have the potential to resist canker and black spot, as well.

'Connector hubs' are the champions of brain coordination
Swinging a bat at a 90-mph fastball requires keen visual, cognitive and motor skills.

Vitamin D does not reduce colds in asthma patients
Vitamin D supplements do not reduce the number or severity of colds in asthma patients, according to a new study published online ahead of print publication in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Ancient viral molecules essential for human development, Stanford researchers say
Genetic material from ancient viral infections is critical to human development, according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

New method enables biomedical imaging at one-thousandth the cost
MIT researchers have developed a biomedical imaging system that could ultimately replace a $100,000 piece of a lab equipment with components that cost just hundreds of dollars.

Johnson announces £20 million for manufacturing hubs
Two £10 million manufacturing research Hubs that will address major, long-term challenges facing the UK's manufacturing industries, and capture opportunities from emerging research were announced today by Universities and Science Minister Jo Johnson.

New test may improve diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancers
Collecting blood samples from the portal vein can provide much more information about pancreatic cancer than taking blood from vein in the arm.

Electric fields remove nanoparticles from blood with ease
Engineers at the University of California, San Diego developed a new technology that uses an oscillating electric field to easily and quickly isolate drug-delivery nanoparticles from blood.

Seizure risk of anti-shivering agent meperidine greatly overstated
Meperidine, an opioid analgesic commonly used to control shivering in accidental or therapeutic hypothermia, has been linked to increased seizure risk, but a new study finds little published evidence to support this risk.

Exploring the causes of cancer
Cells communicate with other cells in our bodies by sending and receiving signals.

Temple researchers: Association between stress levels & skin problems in college students
College is a stressful time in the lives of students, and a new study by researchers at the Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University and Temple University found that heightened levels of psychological stress are associated with skin complaints.

Dr. Paul Keim of TGen and NAU is named an AAAS Fellow
Dr. Paul Keim, Director of the Pathogen Genomics Division of the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) and the Cowden Endowed Chair of Microbiology at Northern Arizona University, has been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Canada must respect physician objectors who do not wish to refer patients for assisted death: Right to die
Assisted dying may become legal in Canada on Feb. 6, 2016, and we must respect physicians' conscientious objections to assisted dying if it is against their principles.

American Association for Advancement of Science selects 4 NYU faculty as Fellows
Four New York University professors have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

New research suggests a novel route in the fight against cancer
In a new study published today in Nature Structural and Molecular Biology, scientists from the University of Surrey have uncovered a collection of important proteins that carry out and regulate critical biological processes.

Loneliness triggers cellular changes that can cause illness, study shows
Researchers have long known the serious dangers of loneliness, but the cellular mechanisms by which loneliness causes adverse health outcomes have not been well understood.

Combination of bevacizumab and lomustine with first recurrence of glioblastoma prolongs PFS but not OS
Results of EORTC trial 26101 presented today at the 20th Annual Scientific Meeting and Education Day of the Society for Neuro-Oncology showed that bevacizumab treatment in patients with progressive glioblastoma, despite prolonged progression-free survival, does not confer a survival advantage.

Report: African-Americans still underrepresented in the physical sciences
African-American students remain underrepresented in physical science and engineering disciplines, according to a new report from the American Institute of Physics Statistical Research Center.

New species of early anthropoid primate found amid Libyan strife
A team based at the University of Kansas last week published a description of a previously unknown anthropoid primate -- a forerunner of today's monkeys, apes and humans -- in the Journal of Human Evolution.

ORNL's Zacharia, Paranthaman named AAAS fellows
The American Association for the Advancement of Science has named Thomas Zacharia and Mariappan Parans Paranthaman of Oak Ridge National Laboratory as new AAAS fellows.

Climate can grind mountains faster than they can be rebuilt
An international research team has for the first time attempted to measure all the material leaving and entering a mountain range over more than a million years and discovered that erosion caused by glaciation during ice ages can wear down mountains faster than plate tectonics can build them.

Fruit flies provide new insight into body's rhythms
Researchers from the University of Bristol have gained a new insight into how the circadian clock responds to changes in temperature.

New ASTRO template helps radiation oncologists guide cancer survivors through ongoing care
A new template published by the American Society for Radiation Oncology standardizes and streamlines the creation of patient-focused plans for long-term cancer survivor care following radiation therapy.

Study counters long-time practice of prescribing more fertility hormones
A Michigan State University study has found that too much of a hormone commonly used during in vitro fertility, or IVF, treatments actually decreases a woman's chances of having a baby.

Hydra can modify its genetic program
Champion of regeneration, Hydra is capable of reforming a complete individual from any fragment of its body.

New finding offers hope for diabetic wound healing
University of Notre Dame researchers have discovered a compound that accelerates diabetic wound healing, which may open the door to new treatment strategies.

Bivalve family tree offers evolutionary clues
Florida State University researchers, along with an international team of scientists, have put together the most complete look to date of the evolutionary family tree of cardiid bivalves, commonly known as cockles and clams.

Breastfeeding lowers risk of type 2 diabetes following gestational diabetes
Women with gestational diabetes who consistently and continuously breastfeed from the time of giving birth are half as likely to develop type 2 diabetes within two years after delivery, according to a study from Kaiser Permanente published today in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Van Andel Research Institute professor elected as an AAAS Fellow
Van Andel Research Institute's Gerd Pfeifer, Ph.D., has been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Clinical trial demonstrates effectiveness of infant apnea prevention technology
Scientists and clinicians at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, and the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center have shown in a clinical trial that a new, vibration-based prevention technology tested in a neonatal intensive care unit reduces apneic events and improves critical clinical parameters in prematurely born infants.

Persian dwarf snake consists of 6 species, scientists discover
The Persian dwarf snake is wrongly classified as one species, scientists say.

Engineering empathy: Faculty works to build empathy into engineering program
When Mark Hain decided to leave his job as an emergency medical technician to pursue a degree in environmental engineering at the University of Georgia, he assumed he would immediately get his hands dirty designing and building projects.

Ants filmed building moving bridges from their live bodies
Army ants build living bridges by linking their bodies to span gaps and create shortcuts across rainforests in Central and South America.

Complex hospital infection data confuses consumers
Patients have difficulty deciphering complex numeric data on healthcare-associated infections used by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to help consumers choose hospitals, according to a new study published online today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.

Sensor sees nerve action as it happens
Duke and Stanford researchers have developed a technique to watch the brain's neurons in action with a time resolution of about 0.2 milliseconds -- a speed that is just fast enough to capture the action potentials in mammalian brains.

NYU Langone enhances patient experience by reducing referrals to facilities after surgery
Referring a patient to an acute care facility following major cardiac, joint and spine surgery rather than the patient's own home may not always be necessary -- according to findings of a new self-examining study from NYU Langone Medical Center. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to