Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 30, 2015
Fulbright partners with RMIT for new scholarships
A partnership between the Australian-American Fulbright Commission and RMIT University in Melbourne, Australia, has created two new scholarships.

Dead-easy test to tackle parasites
Science has a new weapon in the global war against parasitic worms that kill hundreds of thousands or people annually: xWORM.

New study reveals why and when straight women form close friendships with gay men
Psychology researchers in the University of Texas at Arlington College of Science examine dynamics behind gay-straight friendships in one of the first empirical studies of its kind.

Processing facial emotions in persons with autism spectrum disorder
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often have difficulty recognizing and interpreting how facial expressions convey various emotions -- from joy to puzzlement, sadness to anger.

Schizophrenia-associated genetic variants affect gene regulation in the developing brain
The team, which was led by researchers at the University of Exeter Medical School, King's College London and Cardiff University, conducted the first study of how genetic variation influences DNA methylation, an epigenetic modification that can have direct effects on gene expression and function, in the developing brain.

Red clover genome to help restore sustainable farming
The Genome Analysis Centre in collaboration with IBERS, has sequenced and assembled the DNA of red clover to help breeders improve the beneficial traits of this important forage crop.

Giant waste bins
If rubbish is too big for normal household waste, its removal becomes the job of specialized experts.

Novel insights into genetic cause of autoimmune diseases
A collaboration between researchers at the Babraham Institute and the University of Manchester has mapped the physical connections occurring in the genome to shed light on the parts of the genome involved in autoimmune diseases.

Study suggests bees aren't the be all and end all for crop pollination
Farmers who used pesticides that spared bees but sacrificed killed other insects might be ignoring important sources of crop pollination, according to an Australian-led international scientific study.

COP21 -- A health, technology, energy, transportation agreement
What are the determinants for a country's development and growth?

Scientists offer sweet solution to marathon fatigue
Health researchers have tested the effect of different energy drinks in staving off tiredness.

Vital statistics data can help fill gap about prescription opioid-related deaths
A new study indicates that Statistics Canada data can be used to determine prescription opioid-related deaths and aid public health.

Newly evolved, uniquely human gene variants protect older adults from cognitive decline
Many human gene variants have evolved specifically to protect older adults against neurodegenerative and cardiovascular diseases, thus preserving their contributions to society, report University of California, San Diego School of Medicine researchers in the Nov.

Tiny octopods catalyze bright ideas
Researchers led by Rice University prove plasmonic nanoparticles can support catalysts without losing their beneficial optical properties.

Procreation trumps survival -- even on a cellular level
A cellular mechanism observed in worms suggests that mothers are hardwired to protect their reproductive capability at the expense of their ability to survive.

NASA's Webb Space Telescope receives first mirror installation
NASA has successfully installed the first of 18 flight mirrors onto the James Webb Space Telescope, beginning a critical piece of the observatory's construction.

Testosterone replacement makes type 2 diabetic men more sensitive to insulin
Men with type 2 diabetes who have low testosterone levels can benefit significantly from testosterone treatment.

USGS projects large loss of Alaska permafrost by 2100
Using statistically modeled maps drawn from satellite data and other sources, US Geological Survey scientists have projected that the near-surface permafrost that presently underlies 38 percent of boreal and arctic Alaska would be reduced by 16 to 24 percent by the end of the 21st century under widely accepted climate scenarios.

Climate can grind mountains faster than they can be rebuilt
Researchers for the first time have attempted to measure all the material leaving and entering a mountain range over more than a million years and discovered that erosion caused by glaciation during ice ages can, in the right circumstances, wear down mountains faster than plate tectonics can build them.

Mechanobiology Institute and Cancer Science Institute of Singapore
Based on the findings of a clinical study, scientists in Singapore have developed a minimally invasive procedure and novel technique to efficiently culture clusters circulating tumours cells (CTCs) for cancer diagnosis, to predict the outcome of cancer treatment, chemotherapy regimen, and to monitor the status of cancer.

Advanced new camera can measure greenhouse gases
A camera so advanced that it can photograph and film methane in the air around us is now presented by a team of researchers from Linköping and Stockholm Universities.

Simulating the jet streams and anticyclones of Jupiter and Saturn
A University of Alberta researcher has successfully generated 3-D simulations of deep jet streams and storms on Jupiter and Saturn, helping to satiate our eternal quest for knowledge of planetary dynamics.

Not all Canadians feeling the heat of climate change
While Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is in Paris hammering out the details of the global fight against climate change, a new study out of the University of Montreal and the Trottier Energy Institute shows that Canadian attitudes are somewhat ambivalent.

Fish could have emotions and consciousness
An international team of scientists with participants from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona has discovered that fish show 'emotional fever', a slight increase in body temperature in situations of stress.

University of Illinois' researchers chart 'fitness landscape' to fight hep C virus
Borrowing from several statistical science models, an interdisciplinary team of researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has developed a novel computational approach for massively accelerating the search for a hepatitis C vaccine.

Shining light on microbial growth and death inside our guts
For the first time, scientists can accurately measure population growth rates of the microbes that live inside mammalian gastrointestinal tracts, according to a new method reported in Nature Communications by a team at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University and Harvard Medical School.

Palliative care: Music to make patients feel better
Music therapy can enhance terminally ill patients' wellbeing and relaxation.

Rare fossil of a horned dinosaur found from 'lost continent'
A rare fossil from eastern North America of a dog-sized horned dinosaur has been identified by a scientist at the University of Bath.

DFG to fund fifteen new collaborative research centres
Topics range from Arctic amplification and data privacy to collaborative media and the physics of atomic nuclei / Approximately 128 million euros in funding for an initial four-year period.

Our epigenome is influenced by our habitat and lifestyle
Research on the genomes of Pygmy hunter-gatherer populations and Bantu farmers in Central Africa, carried out by scientists from the Institut Pasteur and the CNRS, has shown for the first time that our habitat and lifestyle can have an impact on our epigenome -- the entire system that controls the expression of our genes without affecting their sequence.

Level of computer use in clinical encounters associated with patient satisfaction
Patients at safety-net hospital clinics where there was high computer use by clinicians were less likely to rate their care as excellent, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Study launched by STSI uses wearable sensors to detect AFib
Researchers at the Scripps Translational Science Institute have launched a home-based clinical trial that uses wearable sensor technology to identify people with asymptomatic atrial fibrillation.

Common kitchen practices detrimental to tomato aroma
Red, ripe tomatoes were dipped in 50 °C hot water for 5 minutes or exposed to 5 °C for 4 days to simulate consumer handling in food service or home kitchens.

Discovery of an embryonic switch for cancer stem cell generation
An international team of scientists, headed by researchers at UC San Diego School of Medicine and UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center, report that decreases in a specific group of proteins trigger changes in the cancer microenvironment that accelerate growth and development of therapy-resistant cancer stem cells (CSCs).

Gender segregation in jobs is not rooted in early family planning
Despite decades of efforts to banish the idea of 'jobs for men' -- construction worker, firefighter, mechanic -- and 'jobs for women' -- teacher, flight attendant, registered nurse -- almost 69 percent of workers are in occupations that are dominated by one gender or the other.

UW researchers estimate poverty and wealth from cell phone metadata
University of Washington researchers have devised a way to estimate the distribution of wealth and poverty in an area by studying metadata from calls and texts made on cell phones.

UTA researcher to build internal nanotechnology device to simplify blood sugar testing
What if a diabetic never had to prick a finger to monitor his or her blood-glucose levels, and instead could rely on an internal, nanoscale device to analyze blood continuously and transmit readings to a hand-held scanner?

Income-based school assignment policy influences diversity, achievement
When public schools in Wake County, N.C. switched from a school assignment policy based on race to one based on socioeconomic status, schools became slightly more segregated but the achievement gap lessened, according to new research from Duke University's Sanford School of Public Policy.

Safe form of estrogen helped multiple sclerosis patients avoid relapses in UCLA led clinical trial
Taking the pregnancy hormone estriol along with their conventional medications helped patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis avoid relapses.

Study: With climate change, malaria risk in Africa shifts, grows
A larger portion of Africa is currently at high risk for malaria transmission than previously predicted, according to a new University of Florida mapping study.

Latino youth who feel discriminated against are more depressed, less likely to help others
Recent conversations in the United States have centered on discrimination issues; yet, little is known about how discrimination affects youths' mental health and their willingness to help others.

SSA honors Fan-Chi Lin with 2015 Charles F. Richter Early Career Award
Still early in his career, Fan-Chi Lin has distinguished himself by the wide range of his research contributions, particularly in the area of using ambient noise to construct images of the Earth's crust and upper mantle.

Strolling salamanders provide clues on how animals evolved to move from water to land
Around 390 million years ago, the first vertebrate animals moved from water onto land, necessitating changes in their musculoskeletal systems to permit a terrestrial life.

Looking at Chicago's experience with mixed-income public housing
Chicago and many other cities around the world have turned to mixed-income housing as a strategy to provide housing for low-income people.

Lower survival rates in women with breast cancer diagnosed with depression
Women with breast cancer who subsequently had a recorded diagnosis of depression had a 45% higher risk of death from all causes, according to a study led by King's College London.

Threats against children during the separation process for women in abusive relationships
Mothers who separate from their abusive partners are four times more likely to report threats to take or to harm their children than those who stay in the relationship, a study by Sam Houston State University found.

UCI part of US effort to find Alzheimer's biomarkers in people with Down syndrome
A University of California, Irvine research team is part of a $37 million national effort to identify biomarkers that will predict the onset of Alzheimer's disease in people with Down syndrome.

Liquid foam: Plastic, elastic and fluid
What differentiates complex fluids from mere fluids? What makes them unique is that they are neither solid nor liquid.

First outcomes report from novel heart surgery registry shows excellent results for TAVR
Four years after its approval in the United States, transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) continues to evolve and demonstrate positive outcomes for patients with aortic stenosis, a common heart problem, according to a report published online by the Annals of Thoracic Surgery and the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Waters are more polluted than tests say
Bodies of water are 'sinks', and thereby bind contaminants particularly well.

900,000 Euros for memory research
Investing more than 900,000 euros, the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research and the US-American National Institute of Health are funding a close research cooperation between Prof Dr Sen Cheng from the Ruhr-Universität Bochum and Prof Dr Kamran Diba from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

Distracted dining? Steer clear of it!
A new University of Illinois study reveals that distracted dining may be as dangerous to your health as distracted driving is to your safety on the highway.

Asserting the freedom of navigation: Does the US go too far?
In a new article in Armed Forces & Society, researcher Amitai Etzioni discusses the dual nature of Freedom of Navigation Operational Assertsions; while they are an important component of the liberal international order and essential to US national security, they are also assertive in nature, overly used, and can easily escalate into dangerous clashes between nations.

Very large volcanic eruptions could lead to ice sheet instability
Massive volcanic eruptions could cause localised warming that might destabilise some of the world's biggest ice sheets, according to new research from Durham University.

How anxiety can kill your social status
Neuroscientists at EPFL identify a brain region that links anxious temperament to low social status.

Georgia State research: Combining tests leads to better prediabetes detection
Using a combination of two blood sugar tests rather than a single test would improve detection of prediabetes in American children and adults, according to a new study by researchers at the School of Public Health at Georgia State University.

New partnership paves way for improved HIV treatments through nanomedicine
Alongside global events for World AIDS Day 2015, the University of Liverpool and the Medicines Patent Pool have announced a collaboration and licensing agreement to reformulate certain poorly soluble HIV drugs into lower dose formulations for low and middle income countries.

Telepathology consultations benefit patients in China
International telepathology consultations can significantly improve patient care, according to a new study by UPMC and KingMed Diagnostics researchers.

NIH hosts BRAIN Initiative scientists
The NIH will host a meeting of BRAIN Initiative scientists from around the country and government officials from the NIH, the National Science Foundation, DARPA, IARPA, and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy.

A better way to grow bone cells
Researchers at Harvard have developed a new, more precise way to control the differentiation of stem cells into bone cells.

Inserting computers into heart and soul of medicine, the doctor-patient relationship
In a commentary published in the Nov. 30 issue of JAMA Internal Medicine, Regenstrief Institute Investigator and Indiana University School of Medicine Professor of Medicine Richard Frankel, Ph.D., writes that medical profession should develop and implement patient-centric, exam room computer-use best practices.

DNA repair protein BRCA1 implicated in cognitive function and dementia
Researchers from the Gladstone Institutes have shown for the first time that the protein BRCA1 is required for normal learning and memory and is depleted by Alzheimer's disease.

Female hormone supplements with estrogen and progestin linked to breast cancer risk
Postmenopausal African American women who use female hormone supplements containing estrogen and progestin ('combination' therapy) are at an increased risk for estrogen receptor positive breast cancer.

New study: Air evacuation may do further harm in patients with brain injury
Over the past 15 years, more than 330,000 US soldiers have suffered a traumatic brain injury.

New study reveals what's behind a tarantula's blue hue
Researchers from Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego and University of Akron found that many species of tarantulas have independently evolved the ability to grow blue hair using nanostructures in their exoskeletons, rather than pigments.

Method of postoperative pain relief may influence recovery from total knee replacement surgery
A new study published today in the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association compared outcomes from two types of postoperative pain control methods in a group of patients who had both of their knees replaced.

New report outlines benefits and trade-offs of low-carbon energy
Policymakers, industry and government officials will have to invest US $2.5 trillion for electricity generation over the next 20 years.

Waterloo to lead new experiment aboard International Space Station
A spacecraft carrying supplies for a new physiology experiment led by a University of Waterloo researcher will launch to the International Space Station on Thursday, the Canadian Space Agency announced.

Unassuming 'Swiss Army knife'-like protein key to new cancer drug's therapeutic action
When preliminary tests show that a new drug has remarkable effectiveness against a lethal illness, everyone wants to know how it works.

Hospital-to-home transitions can stress out family caregivers, affect sick kids
Bringing acutely ill children home from the hospital can overwhelm family caregivers and affect a child's recovery and long-term health, according to research published Nov.

International Xenotransplantation Congress highlights major advances in the field
The 13th biennial Congress of the International Xenotransplantation Association was held in Melbourne, Australia from Nov.

Missing link found between turbulence in collapsing star and hypernova, gamma-ray burst
Extremely bright supernovas, called hypernovae, have been linked to gamma-ray bursts, but theorists have struggled to explain how a collapsing massive star could produce a magnetic field a million billion times greater than that of the sun, which is necessary to blow off the outer portions of the star and accelerate charged particles to speeds needed to produce gamma rays.

A fine kettle of fish
Researchers determine that marine fish are influenced by the food supply upon which they depend and competition for those resources.

TGen and Barrow identify genes linked to stress-triggered heart disease
Researchers at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) and Barrow Neurological Institute have for the first time identified genetic risk factors that are linked to stress-induced cardiomyopathy (SIC), a rare type of heart disease.

Looking back 3.8 billion years into the root of the 'Tree of Life'
NASA-funded researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology are tapping information found in the cells of all life on Earth, and using it to trace life's evolution.

Stanford researchers find sleep gene linked to heart failure
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have identified a gene that, when working properly, appears to reduce the risk of heart failure and improve treatment outcomes, highlighting a possible target for the development of new drugs.

Unexpected activity on the Moon
The lunar space environment is much more active than previously assumed.

Reduced blood flow seen in brain after clinical recovery of acute concussion
Some athletes who experience sports-related concussions have reduced blood flow in parts of their brains even after clinical recovery, according to new research.

Assessing impact of asthma and eczema on children's lives
A new Northwestern Medicine project, 'Asthma and Atopic Dermatitis Validation of PROMIS Pediatric Instruments' (AAD-PEPR), will focus on two common childhood diseases that affect almost 25 percent of American children under age 18.

Inflammation is associated with bone growth
Researchers use induced pluripotent stem cells in a mouse model to show that diseased bone growth may be stimulated by a key molecule for inflammation.

Special issue of Future Medicinal Chemistry explores the diverse field of chemical biology
Future Medicinal Chemistry, a leading MEDLINE-indexed journal, published by Future Science Group, has released a special focus issue highlighting the latest breakthroughs at the intersection of medicinal chemistry and chemical biology.

Climate change likely to increase black carbon input to the Arctic Ocean
University of Georgia Skidaway Institute of Oceanography scientist Aron Stubbins led a team of researchers to determine the levels of black carbon in Arctic rivers and found that the input of black carbon to the Arctic Ocean is likely to increase with global warming.

Brook trout study identifies top climate change pressure factor
Results of a 15-year study of factors affecting populations of Eastern brook trout with climate change show high summer air temperatures have a large influence, in particular on the smallest fry and eggs, which are most important to wild trout abundance in streams.

Vital statistics data can help fill gap about prescription opioid-related deaths
New study indicates Statistics Canada data could be used to estimate the number of prescription opioid-related deaths in Canada.

Imaging identifies cartilage regeneration in long-distance runners
Using a mobile MRI truck, researchers followed runners for 4,500 kilometers through Europe to study the physical limits and adaptation of athletes over a 64-day period, according to new research.

Black women less likely to benefit from early chemotherapy, study shows
A Yale Cancer Center study published recently in the Journal of Clinical Oncology found that among minority women treated with early chemotherapy, black women fare worse than the other groups.

Birkar, Cascini, Hacon, and McKernan to receive 2016 AMS Moore Prize
Caucher Birkar, Paolo Cascini, Christopher D. Hacon, and James McKernan will receive the 2016 AMS E.

Critically ill patients at long-term risk for bone fracture
One year after being hospitalized in intensive care, patients have reduced bone mass that puts them at greater risk for fractures, according to a new study published online ahead of print in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Study offers insights to how ovarian cancer grows -- and potential to stop it
Can any cancer cell form another tumor, or is it only select cancer stem cells that give rise to new cancer cells?

Genetic study of patients with inflammatory bowel disease could lead to better treatments
Genetic variation in patients with inflammatory bowel disease appears to play a major role in determining how sick they will become and could provide a road map for more effective treatments.

Researchers find new phase of carbon, make diamond at room temperature
Scientists have discovered a new phase of solid carbon, called Q-carbon, which is distinct from the known phases of graphite and diamond.

Obesity not a factor in racial/ethnic variation in cancer screening compliance
The higher rate of cancer-related deaths among racial minorities has often been attributed to disparities in cancer screening compliance, however, a new study did not find that the association between body weight/obesity, in particular, and cancer screening adherence vary by race/ethnicity.

Simulation shows key to building powerful magnetic fields
New simulations show how a dynamo in collapsed massive stars can build the strong magnetic fields needed to power extremely energetic blasts.

Drug-resistant bacteria carried by nursing home patients focus of study
A recent study found that a small percentage of nursing home patients carrying multi drug-resistant bacteria are admitted to hospitals without showing symptoms caused by the bacteria.

The future of cities
With the increasing rural urban migration and ageing population, governments are under the pressure to optimize housing conditions, healthcare and education.

Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care releases updated guideline
For adults aged 65 years or older living in the community, there is no benefit to screening for cognitive impairment if they are asymptomatic, according to a new Canadian guideline published in CMAJ.

Launch of the NBDC RDF portal website
In the field of life sciences, various data formats and terminologies have hindered integrative utilization of multiple databases.

Ignyta and EORTC announce Entrectinib as 1st investigational cancer agent in EORTC SPECTA
SPECTA is a unique model of partnership as it connects all stakeholders involved in drug development, enhancing joint expertise to benefit patients.

UofL scientists identify critical pathway to improve muscle repair
Researchers at the University of Louisville have described the role of TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), an adaptor protein and E3 ubiquitin ligase, in ensuring the vitality of stem cells that regenerate muscle tissue.

Parental absence affects brain development in children
Researchers in China have found that children who have been left without direct parental care for extended periods of time show larger gray matter volumes in the brain, according to a new study.

On the road to Paris: Forest Service scientists improve US forest carbon accounting
A new forest carbon accounting framework developed by scientists with the USDA Forest Service and partners will achieve a more accurate carbon picture of where US forest carbon has been and where it is headed.

Carnegie Mellon receives $3 million NIH grant to study healthy aging
The National Institutes of Health has awarded a five-year, $3 million grant to Carnegie Mellon University's David Creswell to study how stress management training can boost healthy aging among lonely older adults.

Removing constraints on minimum lot size benefits stock exchanges and investors
Stock exchanges that remove constraints on their minimum lot size or Minimum Trading Unit increase retail trader participation and reduce transaction costs, according to new research from the University of Bath's School of Management.

Global warming may affect pesticide effectiveness
The effectiveness of permethrin, an important mosquito-fighting insecticide, may be impaired by global warming, according to a recent study in the Journal of Medical Entomology.

MRI reveals weight loss protects knees
Obese people who lose a substantial amount of weight can significantly slow the degeneration of their knee cartilage, according to new research.

Combination therapy successfully treats hep C in patients with advanced liver disease
A large multi-center clinical trial has found that a combination of antiviral medications can eradicate hepatitis C infection in more than 90 percent of patients with advanced liver disease.

Tracing a path toward neuronal cell death
Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital have developed a genetic model that is yielding new insights into what happens when astrocytes go awry.

Research: Supervised injection facilities would be cost-effective in Toronto and Ottawa
Researchers say it is highly likely that establishing up to three supervised injection facilities in Toronto and up to two facilities in Ottawa would be cost-effective.

Efforts to 'turbocharge' rice and reduce world hunger enter important new phase
A long-term project aimed at improving photosynthesis in rice is entering its third stage, marking another step on the road to significantly increased crop yields that will help meet the food needs of billions of people across the developing world.

Kids from high socioeconomic background more likely to rely on parental help as adults
A recent study finds that more than 40 percent of young adults no longer live with their parents, but still receive at least some financial support from mom and dad -- and this is particularly true for grown children from higher socioeconomic backgrounds.

Researchers grow retinal nerve cells in the lab
Johns Hopkins researchers have developed a method to efficiently turn human stem cells into retinal ganglion cells, the type of nerve cells located within the retina that transmit visual signals from the eye to the brain.

Three food grade colorants identified for citrus
Research demonstrated that three out of five oil-soluble natural red/orange colorants resulted in peel colors similar to the industry standard Citrus Red No.2 dye (CR2) when tested on test papers and fresh oranges.

Aspirin targets key protein in neurodegenerative diseases
The active ingredient in aspirin blocks an enzyme that triggers cell death in several neurodegenerative diseases.

Local economies in Vietnam could benefit more from World Heritage tourism
An international research project funded by Kent Business School at the University of Kent and the British Council has reported on the socio-economic impacts of coastal tourism in Vietnam.

Changing labor laws may hurt public employees' clout in presidential election, study finds
Changing labor laws -- with some states curtailing collective bargaining -- may weaken political participation by teachers and other public employees, traditionally cornerstones in electing Democrats, a Baylor study finds.

Beware, asthma sufferers: Migraines may worsen
Preexisting asthma may be a strong predictor of future chronic migraine attacks in individuals experiencing occasional migraine headaches, according to researchers from the University of Cincinnati, Montefiore Headache Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Vedanta Research.

TSRI scientists find protein 'talks' to wrong partners in cystic fibrosis
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have found evidence that a mutant protein responsible for most cases of cystic fibrosis is so busy 'talking' to the wrong cellular neighbors that it cannot function normally and is prematurely degraded.

Unveiling the turbulent times of a dying star
Running sophisticated simulations on a powerful supercomputer, an international research team has glimpsed the unique turbulence that fuels stellar explosions.

Factoring for cosmic radiation could help set a more accurate 'molecular clock'
Since the 1960s, scientists have theorized the number of molecular differences in DNA, RNA and proteins from related species could pinpoint the time of their genetic divergence.

DNA repair factor linked to breast cancer may also play a role in Alzheimer's disease
Mutant forms of breast cancer factor 1 are associated with breast and ovarian cancers but according to new findings, in the brain the normal BRCA1 gene product may also be linked to Alzheimer's disease.

Researchers from Deakin and Drexel develop super-absorbent material to soak up oil spills
In hopes of limiting the disastrous environmental effects of massive oil spills, materials scientists from Drexel University and Deakin University, in Australia, have teamed up to manufacture and test a new material, called a boron nitride nanosheet, that can absorb up to 33 times its weight in oils and organic solvents -- a trait that could make it an important technology for quickly mitigating these costly accidents.

Promising new antimicrobials could fight drug-resistant MRSA infection, study finds
A novel class of antimicrobials that inhibits the function of a key disease-causing component of bacteria could be effective in fighting methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), one of the major drug-resistant bacterial pathogens, according to researchers at Georgia State University.

Robot adds new twist to NIST antenna measurements and calibrations
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has been pioneering antenna measurement methods for decades, but a new robot may be the ultimate innovation, extending measurements to higher frequencies while characterizing antennas faster and more easily than previous NIST facilities.

Immune cells make appendix 'silent hero' of digestive health
The research team, a collaborative partnership between the groups of Professor Gabrielle Belz of Melbourne's Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, and Professor Eric Vivier at the Centre d'Immunologie de Marseille-Luminy, France, found that innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are crucial for protecting against bacterial infection in people with compromised immune systems

New in the Hastings Center Report
Previews of selected articles from the current issue of the Hastings Center Report.

High concentration of CO2 protects sorghum against drought and improves seeds
The rising atmospheric concentration of CO2 is beneficial for the physiology of sorghum, an economically and nutritionally important crop grown worldwide.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Tuni becomes extra-tropical
NASA's GPM core satellite and NOAA's GOES-West satellite saw the Southern Pacific Ocean's Tropical Storm Tuni was being battered by wind shear and had lost its tropical characteristics.

NASA's Webb 'Pathfinder Telescope' successfully completes second super-cold optical test
Recently, the James Webb Space Telescope's 'pathfinder telescope,' or 'Pathfinder' completed its second super-cold optical test that resulted in the first checkout of specialized optical test equipment designed to illuminate the telescope's optics through to the instrument focal planes, and the procedures used to operate this test equipment.

Medicaid expansion improves breast cancer screening for low-income women
Low-income women in Medicaid expansion states in the US are more likely to have a breast screening performed than those in non-expansion states, according to new research.

Cardiorespiratory fitness in young adults associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease death
Cardiorespiratory fitness in young adults was associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease and death but it was not associated with the development of coronary artery calcification in a long-term study of a large racially diverse group of US adults, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to