Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 01, 2015
PPPL physicists propose new plasma-based method to treat radioactive waste
Article describes a proposed plasma-based method for treating nuclear waste.

Underage drinkers' brand preferences vary by race, age, BU study finds
Two beer brands -- Bud Light and Budweiser -- are uniformly popular among underage drinkers, regardless of age, gender or ethnicity, while certain other brands appear to have a unique appeal to African-American youth drinkers, according to a new study headed by Boston University School of Public Health researchers.

Nano-walkers take speedy leap forward with first rolling DNA-based motor
Physical chemists have devised a rolling DNA-based motor that's 1,000 times faster than any other synthetic DNA motor, giving it potential for real-world applications, such as disease diagnostics.

After hip-replacement surgery, medication use decreases
A new study in the journal PAIN® provides information on the trajectories of prescription drug use before and after hip-replacement surgery -- total hip arthroplasty (THA), one of the most common types of joint replacement surgery.

Novel peptide enhances natural mechanism to protect brain cells following cardiac arrest
A novel peptide appears to enhance a natural mechanism for protecting stressed brain cells and improve cognitive function following cardiac arrest, scientists report.

Global warming won't stop the 'green cancer' from spreading
With its enormous green and purple leaves, the South American miconia tree is invading botanic gardens all around the world on account of its beauty.

The accidental discovery of how to stay young for longer
Antidepressant that prolongs life does so by extending young adulthood and delaying the onset of newly discovered phenomenon of 'transcriptional drift.'

Type 2 diabetes reversed by losing fat from pancreas
A team from Newcastle University, UK, has shown that Type 2 diabetes is caused by fat accumulating in the pancreas -- and that losing less than one gram of that fat through weight loss reverses the diabetes.

Mineral discovered by former U employee named Mineral of the Year
A mineral discovered by retired University of Utah medical technologist Joe Marty recently received the inaugural Mineral of the Year award for 2014 by the International Mineral Association.

Exploring new paths for the treatment of multiple sclerosis
Research from the University of Alberta's Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry is trailblazing a potential new pathway for the treatment of multiple sclerosis.

High-quality foster care reduces chance of callous-emotional trait development for abandoned children
A study to be published in the December 2015 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry reports that high-quality foster care can mitigate the development of callous-unemotional traits for adolescents who experienced parent deprivation in early life.

Photonic 'sintering' may create new solar, electronics manufacturing technologies
Engineers have made a fundamental breakthrough in understanding the physics of photonic 'sintering,' which could lead to many new advances in solar cells, flexible electronics, various types of sensors and other high-tech products printed onto something as simple as a sheet of paper or plastic.

Scientists isolate genes that delay Alzheimer's
Scientists have identified a network of nine genes that play a key role in the onset of Alzheimer's Disease.

Why Europe will soon be cold?
While the politicians are taking part in global climate talks in Paris, a group of scientists with contributions from Elena Popova from Lomonosov Moscow State University regained solar activity over the past thousand years and made the forecast to the year 3200.

Childbirth an athletic event? Sports medicine used to diagnose injuries caused by deliveries
Childbirth is arguably the most traumatic event the human body can undergo, and new imaging techniques show that up to 15 percent of women sustain pelvic injuries that don't heal.

UW roboticists learn to teach robots from babies
A collaboration between University of Washington developmental psychologists and computer scientists has demonstrated that robots can 'learn' much like babies -- by experiencing the world and eventually imitating humans.

MRI reveals heart changes during apnea in elite divers
Athletes who engage in the extreme sport of free diving, descending hundreds of feet below the surface of the ocean while holding their breath, undergo significant cardiovascular changes, according to a new study.

Non-destructive sensing of fish freshness
Toyohashi University of technology researchers in cooperation with Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology and National Food Research Institute reported that the autofluorescence spectroscopy associated with statistical multivariate modeling has a high potential in non-invasive sensing of fish freshness in the frozen state.

Study: Antibody for severe hemophilia a may reduce injections needed to prevent bleeding
An antibody engineered to prevent excessive bleeding in patients with severe hemophilia A may be safe and effective, and require fewer injections than existing options, according to a first-in-human study of the treatment published online today in Blood, the Journal of the American Society of Hematology.

Stopping ovarian cancer in its tracks: An antibody may help patients heal themselves
In a first, Kyoto University shows the potential a PD-1 antibody, nivolumab, has in fighting the disease.

Posttraumatic stress disorder reveals an imbalance between signalling systems in the brain
Experiencing a traumatic event can cause life-long anxiety problems, called posttraumatic stress disorder.

Complete surgical excision is the most effective treatment for breast implant-associated anaplastic large-cell lymphoma
he optimal treatment approach for most women with breast implant-associated anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (BI-ALCL) is complete surgical excision of the implant and surrounding capsule, according to an international study led by researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Christmas period may reduce quality of life for many Europeans
Many Europeans do not experience the run-up to Christmas as a particularly jolly time, and often feel despondent and stressed, reports a new study published in the Springer journal Applied Research in Quality of Life.

A risk management plan for functional imaging in cancer clinical trials
In cancer clinical trials, we are always trying to strike the right balance between maximizing data quality and minimizing cost.

Exiled exoplanet likely kicked out of star's neighborhood
The Gemini Planet Imager and the Hubble Space Telescope have revealed details of an unusual exoplanet and its star that suggest the planetary system underwent a violent episode in its early history that ejected the planet to a distance equivalent to 16 times the Earth-Pluto distance and roiled the comet belt closer to the star.

Sins of the father could weigh on the next generation: RMIT study
The amount of food consumed by fathers could have a direct impact on their unborn children's health and wellbeing, according to new RMIT University research.

New map boosts understanding of complex UN climate regime
Researchers from Australia's Griffith University have helped create a comprehensive and interactive map of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Rare Amazonian butterfly named after British national treasure Sir David Attenborough
A beautiful new Black-eyed Satyr species has become the first butterfly named in honour of popular naturalist and TV presenter Sir David Attenborough.

Einstein awarded $148 million for research from NIH in 2015
Investigators at Albert Einstein College of Medicine received $148 million in research funding from the National Institutes of Health during the federal fiscal year of 2015.

Physicians and burnout: It's getting worse
Burnout among US physicians is getting worse. An update from a three-year study evaluating burnout and work-life balance shows that American physicians are worse off today than they were three years earlier.

Chapman University named as part of U.S. Army Research Office Grant for Physics
Chapman University is a recipient of an Army Research Office (ARO) grant as part of a larger award to U.C.

Last chance to register for Endocrine Society Science Writers Conference in New York
Health and science journalists have one day left to register for a seminar featuring emerging trends in the microbiome, transgender health, diabetes and endocrine-disrupting chemicals.

U-M researchers find adults with cerebral palsy more likely to have chronic conditions
A new study from the University of Michigan finds adults with cerebral palsy are more likely to have secondary chronic health conditions, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, than adults without cerebral palsy.

Why some people would pay for a drug they probably won't ever need
A sick person is obviously willing to pay for a good medical treatment, but economists have found that healthy people are potentially a much broader, if largely overlooked, market for medical innovations.

State-of-the-art science reveals secrets of 19th century fashion industry
The dye industry of the 19th century was fast-moving and international, according to a state-of-the-art analysis of four purple dresses.

Survey finds 90 percent overlook key to weight loss
On December 1, Orlando Health will release the results of a national survey about weight loss barriers, which finds 90 percent of respondents discounted one of the most important factors -- your mind.

Study 'opens gate' to understanding depression
A new scientific model that incorporates the myriad drivers of depression could lead to more precise treatment for an illness that affects 350 million worldwide.

Adults with cerebral palsy more likely to have chronic health conditions
Adults with cerebral palsy (CP) have higher odds for chronic health conditions such as asthma, hypertension and arthritis compared with adults without CP, according to a study in the Dec.

Men who forgo aggressive treatment for prostate cancer don't receive appropriate monitoring
An increasing number of men diagnosed with low-risk prostate cancer are opting for active surveillance -- closely monitoring their cancer -- rather than aggressive treatment to avoid the debilitating potential side effects of surgery and radiation.

Gaps in advertising and PR education are due to new roles in social media, study finds
Blurred boundaries between advertising and public relations professions due to new roles in social media raise the question of whether educators can adequately prepare their students for a career in those growing fields, according to a Baylor University study.

Making backup plans can be a self-fulfilling prophecy
Is having a Plan B always a good idea? Or can these 'safety nets' actually make you less likely to achieve your goals?

Optimal C-section rate may be as high as 19 percent to save lives of mothers and infants
New research examining the relationship between C-section rates and maternal and neonatal mortality in 194 countries concludes that as the country-level C-section rate increases up to 19 percent, maternal and neonatal mortality rates decline.

Higher cigarette taxes linked to fewer infant deaths
Higher taxes and prices for cigarettes are strongly associated with lower infant mortality rates in the United States, according to a new study from Vanderbilt University and the University of Michigan released Dec.

A compensation system for vaccine injuries is needed for diseases such as Ebola
As one part of a comprehensive plan to promote vaccine development for diseases of poverty, such as Ebola, there needs to be a plan to lessen the risks of litigation and liability and ensure recipients of vaccines are fairly compensated in the rare instances that they are harmed.

Unfriending on Facebook more likely from politically active users
When large politically important conflicts play out in real time over the internet, comments and grand gestures seem to be the norm.

Fossil dinosaur tracks give insight into lives of prehistoric giants
A newly discovered collection of rare dinosaur tracks is helping scientists shed light on some of the biggest animals ever to live on land.

Why online doctor ratings are good medicine
A new study in the December issue of Academic Medicine bolsters research linking good patient satisfaction scores with good patient outcomes.

Eat a Paleo peach: First fossil peaches discovered in southwest China
The sweet, juicy peaches we love today might have been a popular snack long before modern humans arrived on the scene.

Researchers confirm original blood vessels in 80 million-year-old fossil
Researchers from North Carolina State University have confirmed that blood vessel-like structures found in an 80 million-year-old hadrosaur fossil are original to the animal, and not biofilm or other contaminants.

COP21 Paris climate meeting - 'climate change in the Arctic' session
As world attention focuses on this week's climate change talks in Paris, leading scientists, economist and geopolitical commentators highlight the increased prominence of Arctic issues for European and global society.

GICC 2016 will highlight primary therapy of early GI cancer
The 3rd St. Gallen International Gastrointestinal Cancer Conference, #GICC2016, will address primary therapy of early GI cancer with a strong focus on pancreatic and biliary cancer.

Clinical workstations: An overlooked reservoir for deadly bacteria?
Clinical workstations within hospital intensive care units may get overlooked during routine cleanings and could therefore harbor more dangerous bacteria than regularly cleaned objects in patient areas, according to a pilot study published in the December issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

Innovative polypill strategy is praised at an event held at the European Parliament
A public-private partnership to drive awareness and improve the overall management and prevention of recurrent cardiovascular events using polypill-based treatments was praised today in a dedicated roundtable and call to action held at the European Parliament.

Urban air pollution -- what are the main sources across the world?
The European Commission's in-house science service, the Joint Research Centre and the World Health Organization have identified the main categories of particulate matter in urban air in 51 different cities around the world.

Springer's Journal of Materials Science awards the 2015 Robert W. Cahn Best Paper Prize
Springer's Journal of Materials Science has awarded the 2015 Robert W.

Metformin does not improve glycemic control for overweight teens with type 1 diabetes
In a randomized trial that included overweight and obese adolescents with type 1 diabetes, the addition of metformin to insulin did not improve glycemic control after six months, according to a study in the Dec.

Camouflaged cuttlefish employ electrical stealth
In addition to its visual camouflage, the Common cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) has a stealth technology to protect itself from predators that might detect it in the electrical spectrum.

New technique reveals causes of aging in yeast
University of Groningen scientists have designed a unique experiment to study aging in yeast cells.

University of Illinois awarded $5M to increase water use efficiency in bioenergy sorghum
The University of Illinois has been awarded a 3-year, $5 million grant from the DOE Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy as part of its OPEN 2015 funding initiative.

New telemedicine system Tell A Sleep Doc expands patient access to sleep care
Today the American Academy of Sleep Medicine announced that sleep medicine practices nationwide now can sign up for Tell A Sleep Doc, a new state-of-the-art telemedicine platform that will dramatically increase patient access to high quality health care provided by board-certified sleep medicine physicians and accredited sleep centers.

Prof Elizabeth Hillman wins BRAIN Initiative grant for high speed microscopy technique
Biomedical Engineering Professor Elizabeth Hillman has won an NIH BRAIN Initiative grant, the first awarded to Columbia Engineering, for her work on SCAPE, a high-speed 3-D microscope she has developed for imaging the living brain.

Viruses, too, are our fingerprint
A group of researchers from the University of Helsinki, Finland, and the University of Edinburgh, UK, have been the first to find the genetic material of a human virus from old human bones.

Assurex Health enhances clinically proven genesight psychotropic test
Assurex Health, Inc. today announced a significant enhancement to its GeneSight® Psychotropic test giving healthcare providers an expanded range of options in helping to make medication decisions for patients suffering from depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia, and other behavioral health conditions.

System boosts resolution of commercial depth sensors 1,000-fold
MIT researchers have shown that by exploiting the polarization of light -- the physical phenomenon behind polarized sunglasses and most 3-D movie systems -- they can increase the resolution of conventional 3-D imaging devices as much as 1,000 times.

Free new tool for health providers to manage symptoms of AIDS
Millions of people are now living with -- rather than dying from -- HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa due to combination drug therapies.

Taking antidepressants with cancer drug does not increase breast-cancer recurrence
A large study of patients with breast cancer who took the anti-cancer drug tamoxifen while taking an antidepressant were not found to have an increased risk of recurrence, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published in The Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Why it hurts to eat hot peppers (video)
You have probably had the burning pleasure of eating a jalapeno or other tear-inducing pepper.

New technology selects high-affinity proteins
A Japanese research team has developed a technology enabling the selection of proteins with a high affinity for drug target molecules (also proteins) on cell membranes.

NOAA announces $4 million in funding to build coastal resilience
As part of its efforts to provide communities and businesses with products, tools, services, and funding to better address weather- and climate-related threats, today NOAA announced $4 million in recommended funding for six habitat restoration projects across the United States.

Tools developed by Mount Sinai scientists yield superior genome analysis results
Novel methods for gene expression network analysis and gene cluster comparison are now available to biomedical community.

Lazy microbes are key for soil carbon and nitrogen sequestration
Social interactions in microbial communities could explain how much carbon and nitrogen gets stored in soils -- providing new insight for climate change research.

How does your garden grow? For cancer patients, small gardens could bring big benefits
Nature is full of benefits for the cancer patients, but it isn't always accessible.

Enabling Asia to stabilize the climate
The book 'Enabling Asia to Stabilize the Climate,' edited by Shuzo Nishioka, presents good practices in Asia and ASEAN countries for effectively promoting advances in response to climate change, which can help to achieve sustainable development in Asia and around the world.

Forensic science -- as much about what you hear as what you see!
Dr Erica Gold, a Senior Lecturer in Forensic Speech Science, is about to embark on a £360,000 Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) to explore to what extent can population data -- accents -- be generalized for forensic evidence purposes.

Studies examine cesarean delivery rates, outcomes
Two studies in the Dec. 1 issue of JAMA examine the relationship between cesarean delivery rates and maternal and infant death, and adverse outcomes in childhood health following planned cesarean delivery at term.

GSA announces relocation of National Hartford Center of Gerontological Nursing Excellence
The Gerontological Society of America has announced a new partnership.

Global warming disaster could suffocate life on planet Earth, research shows
University of Leicester researchers reveal how Earth's oxygen could dramatically fall due to change in ocean temperature of just several degrees

Celleron Therapeutics announces encouraging clinical results with new cancer drug CXD101
Early trial results show significant clinical activity observed in the first human trial of pioneering personalized cancer treatment CXD101 in patients at Oxford's Churchill Hospital with advanced treatment-resistant aggressive disease.

European Geosciences Union meeting: Media registration now open
The 2016 General Assembly of the European Geosciences Union provides an opportunity for journalists to hear about the latest research in the Earth, planetary and space sciences, and to talk to scientists from all over the world.

Study reveals new mechanism in nicotine addiction
Two chemical signals, acetylcholine and glutamate, were known to act as part of the negative reward system that fuels craving, but it wasn't clear how this happened.

World AIDS Day 2015: Study begins in Kenya for recently-approved pediatric HIV treatment
DNDi has begun an implementation study of a recently-approved pediatric antiretroviral (ARV) treatment in order to address the urgent need for better medicines for children living with HIV.

Plant hormone may play a vital role in blood sugar control and diabetes management
A treatment for managing blood sugar levels might be as close as the local health food store, suggests a new research report published in the Dec.

Enhanced treatment for hepatitis C could cut prevalence by 80 percent
Novel antiviral therapies for hepatitis C could reduce the prevalence of the blood-borne infection by more than 80 percent, according to an analysis by Yale researchers.

Cognitive-behavioral stress management in breast cancer
Newly published research from a National Cancer Institute-funded randomized trial shows that women who were provided with skills to manage stress early in their breast cancer treatment show greater length of survival and longer time till disease recurrence over eight to 15 years after their original diagnosis.

The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology: The global diet is getting sweeter, particularly when it comes to beverages
A Personal View, published today in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology journal, highlights that the global diet is getting sweeter, particularly when it comes to beverages.

Researchers use gaming technology to create better X-rays
Researchers have developed software for the Microsoft Kinect gaming console that measures body part thickness and checks for motion, positioning and beam adjustment immediately before X-ray imaging, according to a new feasibility study.

HIV/AIDS drugs interfere with brain's 'Insulation,' Penn-CHOP team shows
In a new study, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania and The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia found that commonly used antiretroviral medications disrupted the function of oligodendrocytes, crucial brain cells that manufacture myelin, the fatty material that serves to insulate neurons, helping them transmit signals in the brain fast and efficiently.

Breastfeeding is key component of World Bank's new 'Power of Nutrition' fund
Greater use of breastfeeding could transform the health and economy of developing countries according to the World Bank.

Negative news stories about statins are linked to people discontinuing treatment
Researchers in Denmark have found that negative news stories about statins are linked to some people choosing to discontinue their statin treatment, which, in consequence, is associated with an increased risk of heart attacks and dying from heart disease.

An online game reveals something fishy about mathematical models
How can you tell if your mathematical model is good enough?

To kill a wolf spider: Further observation of a spider wasp larva growing on its host
Having been attacked, paralysed and implanted with a wasp egg to its belly, a wolf spider carries on with its ordinary life.

ORNL process could be white lightning to electronics industry
A new era of electronics and even quantum devices could be ushered in with the fabrication of a virtually perfect single layer of 'white graphene.'

Trap-jaw ants exhibit previously unseen jumping behavior
A species of trap-jaw ant has been found to exhibit a previously unseen jumping behavior, using its legs rather than its powerful jaws.

2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting: Scientific program now online
Discover the latest in ocean science at the 2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting, taking place from Feb.

Optimal country-level C-section rate may be as high as 19 percent
New research examining the relationship between C-section rates and maternal and neonatal mortality in 194 countries concludes that as the country-level C- section rate increases up to 19 percent, maternal and neonatal mortality rates decline.

Taking Truvada 'as needed' can prevent HIV-transmission amongst people at high-risk
In a study into the prevention of HIV transmission, people who took the antiretroviral drug Truvada were 86 percent less likely to contract the disease than those who took a placebo, report the researchers who led the study.

Chemotherapy can cause tumor evolution
Russian scientists have found that neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with breast cancer can stimulate evolution of the tumor.

Elsevier announces the launch of American Journal of Ophthalmology; Case Reports
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical, and medical information products and services, today announced the launch of the American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports, a new open access journal publishing case reports in all subspecialties within ophthalmology.

Red means 'go' to therapeutic viruses
Rice University engineers use red light to improve delivery of genes to human cells, with potential therapeutic implications for genetic diseases.

Gates Foundation supports KAUST with $1.5 million for parasitic weed research in Africa
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has approved funding of $1.5 million for King Abdullah University of Science and Technology to conduct scientific research towards eradicating a destructive parasitic weed in croplands throughout sub-Saharan African countries.

Genes for a longer, healthier life found
Out of a 'haystack' of 40,000 genes from three different organisms, scientists at ETH Zurich and a research consortium in Jena have found genes that are involved in physical aging.

Computer system will be an angel on your shoulder, whispering advice, instruction
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University are building a computer system called Gabriel that, like the angel that is its namesake, will seemingly look over a person's shoulder and whisper instructions for tasks as varied as repairing industrial equipment, resuscitating a patient or assembling IKEA furniture.

Engineering academic elected a Fellow of the IEEE
A University of Bristol academic has been elected a Fellow of the world's largest and most prestigious professional association for the advancement of technology.

A radical signal to the progeny
A researcher at Ghent University in Belgium recently discovered a globin protein in the roundworm model Caenorhabditis elegans that is able to generate free radical signals.

Parasitic tapeworm influences behavior and lifespan of uninfected members of ant colonies
Ants are quite often infected by parasites. For example, tapeworms use ants as intermediate hosts for a part of their development phase before they complete their life cycle in their main host.

New diaphragms grown from stem cells offer hope of a cure for common birth defect
An international collaboration between scientists in Sweden, Russia, and the United States has resulted in the successful engineering of new diaphragm tissue in rats using a mixture of stem cells and a 3-D scaffold.

Blood levels of Ebola virus are predictive of death
The levels of virus in the blood (viremia) for patients with Ebola virus disease are strong predictors of fatality, according to a study published in PLOS Medicine this week.

Important step toward preventing and treating some MRSA post-implant infections
New research published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology, helps explain why Staphylococcus aureus infections take hold after prosthetic surgery that are resistant to both the body's natural defenses as well as antibiotic treatments.

Photonics workforce development study focuses on Rochester, N.Y.
A wide ranging study of current practices in the photonics and optics industry will help educators better understand how to prepare students for job opportunities in that burgeoning field.

Share the care: Long-tailed tits show coordinated parenting is beneficial for chicks
Long-tailed tits are more successful at raising young when they alternate their feeding trips, scientists from the University of Sheffield have found.

Gastric artery embolization shows promise in treating obesity
An interventional radiology technique shows promise for helping morbidly obese patients lose weight, according to the preliminary results of a new study.

Impact investing is making headway in Latin America
Impact investing, an investment strategy that generates financial returns while directing funds to entities providing goods and services to the poor, is making headway in Latin America, according to an issue brief from Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy.

USDA takes a fresh look at the calorie content of walnuts
A new study published in the Journal of Nutrition found that one serving of walnuts (1oz) may provide 146 calories, which is 39 calories less, or 21 percent fewer, than the 185 calories listed in the USDA Nutrient Database.

Biophysicists develop a model for arterial thrombus formation
A group of biophysicists, including representatives from MIPT, have developed a mathematical model of arterial thrombus formation, which is the main cause of heart attacks and strokes.

Early progress reported in designing drugs that target 'disordered' proteins
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists capitalize on technological advances to lay the groundwork for drug development against 'disordered' proteins that play key roles in human health and disease

New research helps to explain how temperature shifts the circadian clock
One important aspect of the internal time-keeping system continues to perplex scientists: its complex response to temperature, which can shift the clock forward or backward, but cannot change its 24-hour period.

Herniated disks in children and teens linked to lower spine malformations
Most children and adolescents with herniated disks in the lower (lumbar) spine have some sort of malformation of the spinal vertebrae, reports a study in the December issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons, published by Wolters Kluwer.

Xbox gaming technology may improve X-ray precision
With the aim of producing high-quality X-rays with minimal radiation exposure, particularly in children, researchers have developed a new approach to imaging patients based on the Xbox gaming system.

Laser mapping Lincoln Cathedral to uncover its architectural secrets
A powerful laser scanner has been used by experts at The University of Nottingham to capture a detailed, virtual record of the interior of Lincoln Cathedral and reveal clues to its architectural past.

Eliminating 'springback' to help make environmentally friendly cars
Manufacturing safe and lightweight cars that emit less carbon dioxide could become easier thanks to a clever new engineering development from researchers at Hiroshima University.

Ultrasound reveals knuckle-cracking fireworks
New research tackles one of life's great mysteries: what causes a knuckle to 'crack' out loud?

Antidepressant medication protects against compounds linked to dementia
In addition to treating depression, a commonly used antidepressant medication also protects against compounds that can cause memory loss and dementia, a Loyola University Medical Center study has found.

Inequalities in alcohol-related mortality in Europe
Alcohol-related conditions are an important contributing factor to the socioeconomic inequality in total mortality in many European countries, according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Poor countries are hardest hit by tobacco marketing
People living in poor countries are exposed to more intense and aggressive tobacco marketing than those living in affluent countries, according to a study published in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization today.

Elsevier announces the launch of American Journal of Ophthalmology; Case Reports
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical, and medical information products and services, today announced the launch of the American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports (, a new open access journal publishing case reports in all subspecialties within ophthalmology.

Research targets role of dispersants in cleaning up after oil spills
Researchers are looking for answers to one of the most vexing questions that followed the 2010 oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico: Did the use of chemical dispersants help or hurt efforts to clean up the oil?

New FAU report shows 45 percent increase in mortality from law enforcement from 1999 to 2013
A new report published by Florida Atlantic University shows that between 1999 and 2013, there were 5,511 deaths by law enforcement, mostly among non-whites.

Broad, MIT scientists overcome key CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing hurdle
Researchers at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard and the McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT have engineered changes to the revolutionary CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing system that significantly cut down on 'off-target' editing errors.

A change of stomach: The feasibility of healthy eating campaigns in rural areas
With most studies focusing on urban areas, one professor's research found that healthy eating interventions in rural restaurants and supermarkets can be both feasible and effective at improving healthy eating options.

EPJ ST highlight laser-based accelerators: Yes, we can!
Few technologies have the power that particle accelerator technology has to touch upon such a broad range of applications at the many frontiers of modern science.

Iran's enduring impact
Encompassing religion, literature, the arts and politics, 'Iran in World History' (Oxford University Press) provides a comprehensive history of one of the most influential civilizations, and gives compelling examples of its continuing role in the world today.

New discovery: This is why we do not constantly get ill despite viruses and bacteria
New research breaks with existing knowledge about how our immune system works.

NASA IMERG data Hurricane Sandra's heavy rainfall
Hurricane Sandra fizzled in the southern Gulf of California before moving ashore but on its journey north it was close enough to drop more than two feet of rainfall along part of the coast of western Mexico.

Animal evolution: Revolution averted
Who came first -- sponges or comb jellies? A new study by an team of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich reaffirms that sponges are the oldest animal phylum -- and restores the classical view of early animal evolution, which recent molecular analyses had challenged.

Theory of 'smart' plants may explain the evolution of global ecosystems
In a new global theory of land-biome evolution, Princeton University researchers suggest that plants are not passive features of their environments, but may instead actively behave in ways that determine the productivity and composition of their ecosystems.

Getting into the flow on the International Space Station
The Packed Bed Reactor Experiment (PBRE) is a basic science investigation designed to fill in the missing information as to how two-phase mixtures flow through porous media in microgravity.

Watching eyes prevent littering
People are less likely to drop litter if it has printed eyes on it, researchers at Newcastle University, UK, have found.

Magnesium ions show promise in slowing progression of Alzheimer's disease in mice
New research published in the Dec. 2015 issue of The FASEB Journal, shows that in mouse models of the disease oral administration of magnesium-L-threonate (MgT) alleviated cognitive decline by suppressing the Aβ deposition in amyloid plaques in an APH-1α/1β-dependent manner.

First language wires brain for later language-learning
Researchers from McGill University and the Montreal Neurological Institute describe their discovery that even brief, early exposure to a language influences how the brain processes sounds from a second language later in life.

NIH scientists draw evidence-based blueprint for HIV treatment and prevention
For many years, clinicians debated the best time to start antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection, with some worrying that the risks of treatment in terms of drug toxicities could outweigh the benefits of controlling the virus.

Is exposure to sexuality on mass media related to sexual self-presenting on social media?
A new study found that watching sexual reality television stimulated adolescents aged 13-17 to produce and share sexual images of themselves on social media.

Researchers describe new North Pacific fossil whale
A new species of fossil baleen whale that lived in the North Pacific Ocean 30 to 33 million years ago has been described by researchers from New Zealand's University of Otago.

IU chemists craft molecule that self-assembles into flower-shaped crystalline patterns
The National Science Foundation has awarded $1.2 million to three research groups at Indiana University to advance research on self-assembling molecules and computer-aided design software required to create the next generation of solar cells, circuits, sensors and other technology.

Decline in cognitive ability leads to fear of upfront costs
Michael Guillemette, an assistant professor of personal financial planning at Mizzou, has found that older individuals with lower cognitive abilities are susceptible to behavioral biases, such as being adverse to upfront costs.

Unique study maps political orientation of all 50 US states over time
A new study conducted by MIT political scientists shows for the first time the modern political trajectory of all 50 U.S. states, since 1936, by examining their laws in relation to nearly 150 policy issues. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to