Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 02, 2015
How much TV you watch as a young adult may affect midlife cognitive function
Watching a lot of TV and having a low physical activity level as a young adult were associated with worse cognitive function 25 years later in midlife, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Coffee compounds that could help prevent type 2 diabetes identified
Much to coffee lovers' delight, drinking three to four cups of coffee per day has been shown to decrease the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

New research sheds light on neuronal communication
To better understand and address a number of neurological disorders, we need a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms that regulate neuronal communication.

UM researchers study sediment record in deep coral reefs
A University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science-led research team analyzed the sediments of mesophotic coral reefs, deep reef communities living 30-150 meters below sea level, to understand how habitat diversity at these deeper depths may be recorded in the sedimentary record.

Research team discovers novel pestivirus affecting swine
A pestivirus affecting swine has been discovered by Kansas State University researchers, who also have developed diagnostic tests to identify it.

Carbon capture analyst: 'Coal should stay in the ground'
Serious flaws have been found in a decade's worth of studies about the best way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and stabilize the climate.

A window into sexuality
New research from of the Sexuality and Gender Laboratory at Queen's University shows that heterosexual women have more diverse patterns of sexual response than previously reported.

Study finds flame retardant exposure higher in infants than adults
In October, Macy's joined a growing list of major retail stores that have pledged to stop selling furniture containing flame retardants, which research suggests could cause developmental problems.

Even thermally tolerant corals are in hot water when it comes to bleaching
Scientists have discovered that corals adapted to naturally high temperatures, such as those off the north west coast of Australia, are nonetheless highly susceptible to heat stress and bleaching.

Concern over drug industry involvement at India's 'health camps'
Pharmaceutical sales representatives are screening people in India in return for prescriptions for their products, finds a special report published by The BMJ today.

Twitter data can make roads safer during inclement weather
Go ahead, rant about the snow on Twitter. It can ease traffic on slippery, congested roads.

First direct evidence for synaptic plasticity in fruit fly brain
Scientists at CSHL have resolved a decades-long debate about how the brain is modified when an animal learns.

Transcendental Meditation and lifestyle modification increase telomerase, new study finds
A new study published in PLOS ONE found that the Transcendental Meditation technique and lifestyle changes both appear to stimulate genes that produce telomerase, an enzyme associated with reduced blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and mortality.

A cheap, disposable device for diagnosing disease
The development of a reusable microfluidic device for sorting and manipulating cells and other micro/nano meter scale objects will make biomedical diagnosis of diseases cheaper and more convenient in regions where medical facilities are sparse or cost is prohibitive.

Study suggests breast density alone not a risk factor for cancer
Breast density may not be a strong independent factor for breast cancer risk, according to a new study.

Winners selected in Faces of Biology Photo Contest
Three winners have been selected in the Faces of Biology Photo Contest, sponsored by the American Institute of Biological Sciences.

Determinant factors for energy consumption and perception of energy conservation clarified
Change in lifestyle is a key component to realizing a low-carbon society.

Study highlights the importance of physical activity and aerobic exercise for healthy brain function
Regardless of gender, young adults who have greater aerobic fitness also have greater volume of their entorhinal cortex, an area of the brain responsible for memory.

SAGE to begin publishing the International Bulletin of Mission Research
SAGE, a world leading independent and academic publisher, today announced that it is to begin publishing the International Bulletin of Mission Research (IBMR) in partnership with The Overseas Ministries Study Center (OMSC), as of January 2016.

New heart failure therapy projected to increase life expectancy
Heart failure, the leading cause of hospitalization for Americans over the age of 65, accounts for more than one million hospitalizations in the US each year.

Mitochondria affect stress responses
Mitochondria, the tiny structures inside our cells that generate energy, may also play a previously unrecognized role in mind-body interactions.

Boston global immersion by building global innovators
Building Global Innovators is sponsoring Boston Global Immersion, a program designed to mentor and assist promising technology-based startups that plan to develop a presence in the USA.

Fast radio burst hints at its source
Scientists have detected a burst of radio waves from six billion light years away, one of a handful they've discovered in the past decade -- and this time they have clues about its source.

Survival has improved for women with stage IV breast cancer
A study that included more than 20,000 women with stage IV breast cancer finds that survival has improved and is increasingly of prolonged duration, particularly for some women undergoing initial breast surgery, according to the report published online by JAMA Surgery.

UN report takes global view of 'green energy choices'
A new UNEP report, led by Yale Professor Edgar Hertwich, offers a comprehensive comparison of the greenhouse gas mitigation potential for a number of alternative energy methods -- including wind, solar, geothermal, and hydro.

Impression of King Hezekiah's royal seal discovered in excavations in Jerusalem
Excavations by the Hebrew University of Jerusalem at near the southern wall of the Temple Mount have unearthed an impression of the royal seal of King Hezekiah (727-698 BCE).

Neonicotinoid pesticides linked to butterfly declines in the UK
The use of neonicotinoid pesticides may be contributing to the decline of butterflies in the UK, a new study by the Universities of Stirling and Sussex in partnership with Butterfly Conservation and the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology has revealed.

Astronomers closer to explaining mysterious radio pulses from outer space
Astronomers have tied the origin of a Fast Radio Burst to a highly magnetized, gas-filled region of space, providing a new hint in the decade-long quest to explain the mysterious radio pulses.

Sylvester presents latest cancer research at ASH Annual Meeting
Researchers from Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine will present a selection of the latest advances in hematology research at this year's American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting, Dec.

Toolkit for microbiota research
Researchers cultivate the majority of bacteria in the laboratory that colonize Arabidopsis plants in nature.

Boehringer Ingelheim and MD Anderson join forces to discover new treatment approaches for pancreatic cancer
Boehringer Ingelheim and The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center today announced a collaboration focused on developing innovative medicines for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.

Sleep environment 1 of several factors behind reduction in sudden infant death syndrome
While the campaign to improve infant sleep environments has long been associated with declines in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), an analysis of 30 years of data suggests that Back-to-Sleep is one of several trends behind reduced rates of SIDS.

Researchers find link between early-stage brain and heart disease
Researchers in the Netherlands studying thousands of healthy adults have found a connection between very early stages of brain and heart disease.

New FAU study finds 'Your friends were right! You did change after you started dating'
A new study conducted by researchers at Florida Atlantic University and their collaborators put to test the hypothesis that adolescents become less similar to their friends and more similar to romantic partners after they start a new romantic relationship.

Global bicycle ownership has halved in 30 years, research reveals
It's time for us to get on our bikes if we want cycling to make an impact as a sustainable mode of transport.

Depression contributes to preventable hospitalizations in Danish study
Individuals with depression are more than twice as likely to have hospitalizations that might be preventable with timely outpatient medical care, a Danish study finds.

Global experts gather to present advances in infant care
More than 1,000 leading neonatal doctors and specialists will gather on Dec.

Chemicals that make plants defend themselves could replace pesticides
Chemical triggers that make plants defend themselves against insects could replace pesticides, causing less damage to the environment.

NYU Langone awarded $7.5 m to implement support services for Alzheimer's caregivers in NYC
NYU Langone Medical Center has been awarded a five-year $7.5 million grant to provide caregivers for individuals with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias with access to state-of-the-art support programs and services designed to improve quality of life.

Swimming devices could deliver drugs inside the body
A new method of guiding microscopic swimming devices has the potential to deliver drugs to a targeted location inside the body, according to new research published in Nature Communications today.

New insights into the creation of heavy elements
Alpha particles, as the nuclei of the helium atom are also called, play a decisive role in the formation of heavier elements.

This week from AGU: Mediterranean seismic risk, & 3 new research papers
The eastern Mediterranean is more seismically active than previously assumed, a new study finds.

Scripps Florida scientists create 'fingerprints' for major drug development targets
For the first time, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have created detailed 'fingerprints' of a class of surface receptors that have proven highly useful for drug development.

Study: Money affects children's behavior, even if they don't understand its value
The act of handling money makes young children work harder and give less, according to new research published by the University of Minnesota's Carlson School of Management and University of Illinois at Chicago.

Oxytocin has different effects on stress in male and female mice
Clinical trials are testing whether oxytocin, sometimes called the 'love hormone' for its role in intimacy and social bonding, has potential as a treatment for anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder.

Addressing climate change should start with policies to increase energy efficiency
Making our homes and offices more energy efficient should be the first choice to mitigate climate change, says an Iowa State University researcher.

'Fast radio burst' sheds new light on origin of these extreme events
A team of astronomers using the Green Bank Telescope uncovered the most detailed record ever of an FRB.

City of Hope researchers present study results at American Society of Hematology meeting
Clinical trials that lay the groundwork for novel leukemia and lymphoma treatments will be among the highlights of the annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology (ASH) getting under way this week in Orlando.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, December 2015
This tip sheet includes 'Higher cost of electricity not necessarily deterrent to usage', 'Finding opens door for lead-free electromechanics', and 'Neutron measurements provide insight into quantum magnets'.

Imaging yields evidence of heart disease in archaeological find
Researchers using modern imaging techniques on hearts more than 400 years old found at an archaeological site were able to learn about the health conditions of the people buried there, according to a new study.

Now is the time to uncover the secrets of the Earth's microbiomes
A group of scientists from 50 institutions recently called for an ambitious research effort -- the Unified Microbiome Initiative -- to understand and harness microbiomes, or communities of microorganisms.

Little known about children living with HIV-infected adults in Africa
Despite the focus in recent decades on fighting the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa, a new study reveals that little is known about one of the area's most vulnerable populations: children living in households with HIV-infected adults.

FSU researchers pushing limits of solar cells
In a new paper in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Assistant Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry Kenneth Hanson and his team have introduced a new strategy for generating more efficient solar cells.

Research team finds detailed record of mysterious fast radio burst
By poring over 650 hours of archival data from the National Science Foundation's Green Bank Telescope, a team of astronomers, including Carnegie Mellon University's Jeffrey Peterson and Hsiu-Hsien Lin, has uncovered the most detailed record ever of a Fast Radio Burst.

Quantum computer made of standard semiconductor materials
Physicists at the Technical University of Munich, the Los Alamos National Laboratory and Stanford University have tracked down semiconductor nanostructure mechanisms that can result in the loss of stored information -- and halted the amnesia using an external magnetic field.

How does my therapist rate?
Software developed to rate therapists on empathy using automatic speech recognition, natural language processing and machine learning.

New study shows high use of complementary therapies by cancer inpatients
Patients hospitalized for cancer treatment commonly use complementary and integrative health (CIH) approaches such as nutritional supplements, special diets, and massage according to a new study.

Scientists design a new method for screening cancer cells
UCLA life scientists and colleagues today present a new method they developed to screen cancer cells and identify small molecules that can make cancer cells less lethal.

A quantum spin on molecular computers
If quantum computers existed, they would revolutionize computing as we know it.

Involvement in traditional dating abuse increases chances of cyberdating abuse in teens
New findings from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston revealed that teens who are involved in dating abuse -- as either the perpetrator or the victim -- are more likely to also be involved in cyberdating abuse.

'More Light, Less Heat.' New book debunks myths about gun violence and mental illness
The U.S. is experiencing two critical public health challenges -- mental health and gun violence -- but few understand these two crises rarely intersect when it comes to homicides, according to a new book now available edited by two Georgetown University Medical Center forensic psychiatrists.

States' fish consumption advisories are often not in line with federal recommendations
Fish consumption advisories are used to inform citizens about fish with potentially hazardous levels of toxins such as methyl mercury.

Researchers develop antibody to save cancerous bones
Osteosarcoma is a rare cancer most often affecting adolescents and children.

Popping microbubbles help focus light inside the body
A new technique developed at Caltech that uses gas-filled microbubbles for focusing light inside tissue could one day provide doctors with a minimally invasive way of destroying tumors with lasers, and lead to improved diagnostic medical imaging.

Exploring the limits for high-performance LEDs and solar cells
Förster resonant energy transfer is a radiationless transmission of energy that occurs on the nanometer scale.

CWRU researchers laying groundwork for new type of pain relief
A team led by a CWRU researcher will use the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke grant to seek not only the answers to why high frequency electrical stimulation provides pain relief but lay the foundation for a new and powerful alternative treatment.

Genetic mutations differ within a single tumor, study finds
When researchers looked at different areas within an individual rectal cancer sample, they found cases in which each area contained different genetic mutations.

Climate-change foes winning public opinion war
As world leaders meet this week and next at a historic climate change summit in Paris, a new study by Michigan State University environmental scientists suggests opponents of climate change appear to be winning the war of words.

Climate resilient development: New open source index and indicators
The JRC has designed a global index to support the EU's Global Climate Change Alliance plus (GCCA+) programme in its goal to help the most vulnerable countries to respond to climate change in the period up to 2020.

Praying for Plan B: How a higher power can inspire climate change action
Religion can be a 'lynchpin' for achieving widespread global action on climate change, says a researcher from QUT, in Brisbane, Australia.

IOF urges early evaluation of fracture risk in diabetics
Despite an up to six-fold increased risk of fragility fractures in type 1 diabetes mellitus patients, there is a general lack of knowledge about the complex relationship between bone and diabetes.

CT and 3-D printing aid surgical separation of conjoined twins
A combination of detailed CT imaging and 3-D printing technology has been used for the first time in the surgical planning for separation of conjoined twins, according to a new study.

Study reveals non-invasive warning sign of kidney disease progression
University of Michigan researchers have identified an accessible, non-invasive way to identify patients at risk for progression of kidney disease.

Vessel speed biggest factor in noise affecting killer whales
The speed of vessels operating near endangered killer whales in Washington is the most influential factor -- more so than vessel size -- in how much noise from the boats reaches the whales, according to a new study published Dec.

Studying stonefish venom may help combat transplant rejection
Monash University researchers have solved the X-ray crystal structure of the lethal factor present in stonefish venom.

In lab research, Saint Louis University scientists limit autistic behavior
A new drug developed by scientists at Saint Louis University increases the expression of key genes linked to autism.

Chickadee research predicts drastic northward shift for southern species
New research on northern (black-capped) and southern (Carolina) species of chickadees offers some answers.

Fermi-type acceleration of interstellar ions driven by high-energy lepton plasma flows
The origin of high-energy cosmic-rays from a wide variety of high energy astrophysical sources is a fundamental problem in astrophysics and has been attracting significant interest for over six decades.

Lung cancer patients gain access to new treatment for 4th time in 2 months
The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) is pleased to hear of another approval by the U.S.

Keeping emotions under control
Childhood and adolescence are ages of constant change and crucial experiences.

Extinct 3-horned palaeomerycid ruminant found in Spain
The extinct three-horned palaeomerycid ruminant, Xenokeryx amidalae, found in Spain, may be from the same clade as giraffes, according to a study published Dec.

Six University of South Florida professors elected AAAS Fellows
Six professors from the University of South Florida were recently elected as 2015 Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

Can slow walking speed in elderly signal Alzheimer's disease hallmarks?
How fast elderly people walk may be related to the amount of amyloid they have built up in their brains, even if they don't yet have symptoms of Alzheimer's disease, according to a study published in the Dec.

Intracellular calcium integrates complex signaling to control stem cell activity
Adult stem cells in the gut are continually bombarded with signals - from diet, the microbiome, and from invading bacteria and other stressors.

What is the universe made of?
Matter known as ordinary corresponds to only 5 percent of the Universe.

Protecting the brain from Parkinson's disease
Researchers help the brain make GM1 ganglioside, a protective substance that is diminished in the brains of Parkinson's patients.

Humanitarian crises and disasters risk: 2016 INFORM global assessment now available
Assessment results on the risk of humanitarian crises and disasters in 2016 for 191 nations were released today.

A Japanese multicenter clinical study on the prevention of stroke recurrence by statin
The results of 'The Japan Statin Treatment Against Recurrent Stroke (J-STARS)' study led to the hypothesis that statins reduce the occurrence of strokes due to larger artery atherosclerosis.

Future Science Group partners with Kudos to increase article impact
FSG has partnered with award-winning service Kudos to further enhance the services they provide to their authors.

US forest products in the global economy
Although the United States leads the world in both production and consumption of forest products, the US share of the global forest products market has declined precipitously since the 1990s.

Space sleep study to shed light on aging
The University of Surrey is participating in a project organised by the European Space Agency during which teams of European scientists will look at the effect of bed rest on the human body using a continuous bed rest protocol to simulate the effects of micro gravity in space.

Risk of childhood wheeze from antibiotic use in third trimester of pregnancy
Antibiotic use during the third trimester of pregnancy leads to an increased risk of childhood wheeze, according to new findings.

The Lancet: Weight gain between pregnancies linked to increased risk of stillbirth and infant death
Mothers of healthy weight during their first pregnancy who gain even a moderate amount of weight (around 6 kg in a woman of average height) between their first and second pregnancies increase the risk of their baby dying in its first year of life, according to new research involving over 450,000 Swedish women, published in The Lancet.

Engraved schist slab may depict paleolithic campsites
A 13,000 year-old engraving uncovered in Spain may depict a hunter-gatherer campsite, according to a study published Dec.

New class of inhibitory compounds developed to aid melanoma treatments
A University of California, Irvine pharmacology researcher has helped create a class of inhibitory compounds that can strongly enhance the effect of anti-tumor drugs for melanoma.

New research: Intestinal bacteria are affected by antidiabetic drugs
Intestinal bacteria change their composition and function when diabetic patients are treated with the drug metformin.

Dissecting paleoclimate change
Using a core sample from the Santa Barbara Basin, UCSB researchers decipher the history of paleoclimate change with surprising results.

Food packages can 'speak' and help consumers make sustainable decisions
Mater Dynamics, a Portuguese startup company, received the highest prize in the fourth Energia de Portugal competition.

Danes' vitamin D levels are determined by their genes
Certain genetic variations increase the risk of having a lower level of vitamin D.

Air evacuation following traumatic brain injury worsens effects on learning, memory/brain cell loss
A study that simulated the effects of reduced barometic pressure (hypobaria) experienced by patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) evacuated by air showed that prolonged hypobaria significantly worsened long-term cognitive and neurological outcomes.

Fries with a side of acrylamide
French fry lovers, beware! You may be exposed to a chemical more commonly associated with heavy industry than crispy fried potatoes.

The 21st Nagoya Medal Award Lectures
The Nagoya Medal Award is awarded every year to two organic chemists who have made significant original contributions to the field.

Liquid metal 'nano-terminators' target cancer cells
Researchers have developed a new drug delivery technique that uses a biodegradable liquid metal to target cancer cells.

Stock market bubbles: Investor emotions fuel the frenzy
In the late 1990s, investor emotion played a significant role in inflating the dot-com bubble and ultimately, making a lot of people rich.

Distracted walking: A serious issue for you, not me
A new study on distracted walking released today by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons finds that more than three quarters (78 percent) of US adults believe that distracted walking is a 'serious' issue; however, 74 percent of Americans say 'other people' are usually or always walking while distracted, while only 29 percent say the same about themselves.

Researchers unravel age-old mystery of why cells use fermentation
Wine, beer and yogurt are produced when microorganisms convert sugar into alcohol, gases or acids.

Are blood clots in patients with heart-assist pumps decreasing or on the rise in 2015?
Evidence-based data indicate that LVADs have saved many lives. However, starting in 2011 device failures due to clots forming inside these pumps (pump thrombosis) appeared to rise dramatically.

Breast density alone found not to be a factor for breast cancer risk
Although several studies suggest that women with denser breast tissue have an increased risk of breast cancer, a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers discredits breast density as a risk factor in and of itself.

How bacterial predators evolved to kill other bacteria without harming themselves
How predatory bacteria function has been little understood to date.

Guardian ants: How far does the protection of a plant-ant species to its specific host go?
Seemingly helpless against their much more lively natural enemies, plants have actually come up with a wide range of defences.

Call for arms and stings: Social wasps use alarm pheromones to coordinate their attacks
Humans might know them as vicious stingers, but yellow jacket wasps also impress with their vigorous protection over their young.

New stretchable, wearable sensor made with chewing gum (video)
Body sensors, which were once restricted to doctors' offices, have come a long way.

TSRI researchers win $2.8 million to unravel cell basics linked to disease
With the support of an $2.8 million NIH grant, scientists at The Scripps Research Institute will explore mutations in the nuclear lamina -- the outer edage of the cell nucleus -- which have been linked to many diseases, from muscular dystrophies and heart disorders to type 2 diabetes and premature aging.

The danger of overdiagnosis amid the childhood ADHD epidemic
In barely a decade, the number of US children and adolescents diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has risen by more than 40 percent.

Global food system faces multiple threats from climate change
A new international report warns that climate change will likely have far-reaching impacts on food security worldwide, especially for the poor and those in tropical regions.

Healthful hemp poised to grow in US
The US hemp industry has suffered from an association problem.

Incarcerated mothers impact children's future criminal involvement
Children of incarcerated mothers are twice as likely to be arrested, convicted and incarcerated as adults, according to a study by Sam Houston State University scholars.

PolyU launches the Hong Kong Business Sustainability Index
The Index was launched on Dec. 1, 2015 following the announcement of the index results in a ceremony held in Hotel ICON in Hong Kong.

False-positive mammograms may indicate increased risk of breast cancer later
Women with a history of a false-positive mammogram result may be at increased risk of developing breast cancer for up to 10 years after the false-positive result.

Review does not support monthly lab testing for oral isotretinoin use for acne
A review of medical literature does not support monthly laboratory testing for all patients who are using standard doses of the acne medication isotretinoin, according to an article published online by JAMA Dermatology.

Conductor turned insulator amid disorder
Some materials that are inherently disordered display unusual conductivity, sometimes behaving like insulators and sometimes like conductors.

Texas engineers develop potential treatment for whooping cough
Texas Engineers are making progress on a potential Whooping Cough treatment for vulnerable infants.

Disclosure strategies may improve communication for those with hearing loss
Massachusetts Eye and Ear researchers surveyed 337 patients with hearing loss to better understand the language they use with communication partners to disclose their disability.

Terrorism is nothing new -- even Shakespeare was familiar with it
There was no word for terrorism in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, but outbreaks of terrorist violence were frequent.

Evidence suggests contact sports played by amateurs increase risk of degenerative disorder
Scientists have recently found evidence that professional football players are susceptible to a progressive degenerative disease, chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), which is caused by repetitive brain trauma.

UMD study shows that Affordable Care Act has reduced racial/ethnic health disparities
The Affordable Care Act has significantly improved insurance coverage and use of health care for African Americans and Latinos, according to a new study led by researchers in the University of Maryland School of Public Health.

Aloysius Helminck to receive 2016 AMS Distinguished Public Service Award
Aloysius Helminck of North Carolina State University will receive the 2016 AMS Distinguished Public Service Award for 'his dynamic and public-spirited leadership of the Department of Mathematics at North Carolina State University, and for his work, both in his department and at the national level, to increase the diversity of the mathematical research community.'

CU Denver research finds long term effect of natural gas leakage
As natural gas production increases around the nation, new research from the University of Colorado Denver shows that it can have a similar impact on climate change as coal if it's allowed to leak while producing electricity.

Cambridge University launches new centre to study AI and the future of intelligence
The University of Cambridge is launching a new research centre, thanks to a £10 million grant from the Leverhulme Trust, to explore the opportunities and challenges to humanity from the development of artificial intelligence.

Reducing food portion sizes critical to tackle obesity, argue experts
Reducing the size of large food portions, packaging and tableware could help to tackle obesity, argue experts in The BMJ this week.

Pneumonia 'finger clip' and better diagnostic tests could save thousands of lives
Routinely used in hospitals, pulse oximetry is a non-invasive technology that measures oxygen in the blood, and can help doctors diagnose conditions such as pneumonia which trigger low oxygen levels.

New studies create better understanding of cancer-spreading enzymes
Researchers at the University of Missouri have determined a detailed structural view of one of these enzymes, called MMP7, as it binds to the membranes, or surfaces, of cancer cells.

New plastic solar cell minimizes loss of photon energy
A Japanese research team demonstrates an unconventional means to achieve more efficient and robust conversion of solar energy into electricity.

Scientists discover that the immune system affects gut bacteria evolution
In a study published this week in Nature Communications, researchers from the Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciencia discovered that when the immune system of the host is compromised, the composition of the gut bacteria changes, and the pace and predictability of the process of adaptation of these bacteria are affected.

RNA mystery solved in triple negative breast cancer
Researchers at Thomas Jefferson University have discovered why conventional efforts to block a tiny strand of ribonucleic acid, called microRNA, in triple negative breast cancer cells failed.

The Sun could release flares 1000x greater than previously recorded
The Sun demonstrates the potential to superflare, new research into stellar flaring suggests.

Trapping climate pollutant methane gas in porous carbon
As talks of global warming are once again making headlines, scientists have renewed their efforts to understand how to best limit its effects.
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