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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | December 04, 2015


New periodic paralysis drug has rochester roots
More than 15 years of research led by neurologists at the University of Rochester Medical Centerhas culminated in the first approved treatment for individuals with a rare neuromuscular disorder called periodic paralysis.
UTA grant could build techniques that free big data analysis systems of bugs
An engineer at The University of Texas at Arlington is making it easier for software developers to more efficiently test big data analysis systems.
Regional coordinator announces more details on GEO-CRADLE project
Hesham El-Askary, Ph.D., announces more details on the project GEO-CRADLE: Coordinating and integRating state-of-the-art Earth Observation Activities in the regions of North Africa, Middle East, and Balkans and Developing Links with GEO related initiatives towards GEOSS.
Carnegie Mellon trio to receive IEEE Simon Ramo Medal
IEEE, the world's largest technical professional organization, will award Carnegie Mellon University faculty members John Lehoczky and Ragunathan 'Raj' Rajkumar and the University of Illinois' Lui Sha, a CMU alumnus, with the 2016 IEEE Simon Ramo Medal, which recognizes technical leadership and contributions to fundamental theory, practice and standardization for engineering real-time systems.
Regional bone, muscle and joint congress to open in Abu Dhabi
The official opening of the IOF Regionals 3rd Middle East and Africa Osteoporosis Meeting in Abu Dhabi, UAE will take place on Dec.
'Purity' of tumor samples may significantly bias genomic analyses
A new study by UC San Francisco scientists shows that the proportion of normal cells, especially immune cells, intermixed with cancerous cells in a given tissue sample may significantly skew the results of genetic analyses and other tests performed both by researchers and by physicians selecting precision therapies.
New leads in the struggle against a formidable leukemia
Beat AML initiative, led by the Knight Cancer Institute at Oregon Health & Science University and The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society, presents new research findings at the American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting.
No two faces are the same
As part of a cooperation with the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt Berlin and the University of Bamberg, researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin have been studying a probably congenital dysfunction that is characterized by the inability to recognize familiar faces.
MIA launches program for special needs passengers
The Miami International Airport has launched the MIAair (Airport Information and Readiness) program, designed to give South Florida individuals with autism related disorders and hearing loss the confidence to enjoy air travel.
How cells are foiled by a herpesvirus family member in the virus-host arms race
Not every virus wants to go viral right away -- some want to wait for the perfect opportunity to attack.
ALMA spots monstrous baby galaxies cradled in dark matter
Astronomers discovered a nest of monstrous baby galaxies 11.5 billion light-years away using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA).
Gene pair plays crucial role in colon cancer, Penn vet team shows
In a new study out this month in the journal Cell Reports, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania describe two related genes in the Musashi family that are required for colon cancer to develop, and that may be useful targets for effective treatment.
Constantine Dafermos to receive 2016 AMS-SIAM Wiener Prize
Constantine M. Dafermos of Brown University will receive the 2016 Norbert Wiener Prize in Applied Mathematics.
UMass Amherst food scientist will study pesticides in and on fresh produce
Food scientist and analytical chemist Lili He at the University of Massachusetts Amherst recently received a three-year, $473,628 grant from the USDA National Institute for Food and Agriculture to study mechanisms of how chemical pesticides, applied both systemically and to the surface, penetrate fresh produce and move into plant tissues, and how this may affect food safety for consumers.
Guided ultrasound plus nanoparticle chemotherapy cures tumors in mice
Thermal ablation with magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) is a noninvasive technique for treating fibroids and cancer.
Steven D. Rauch, M.D., named Champion of Vestibular Medicine
The Vestibular Disorders Association has recognized Steven D. Rauch, M.D., Director of the Vestibular Division at Mass.
Austrian Academy of Sciences honors IST Austria professors
Austrian Academy of Sciences awards Elisabeth Lutz-Prize to evolutionary biologist Sylvia Cremer and Erwin Schrödinger-Prize to cell biologist Jirí Friml
Scientists investigated molecular processes for targeted dog cancer therapy
Dogs get cancer, just like humans. Scientists at the Vetmeduni Vienna are now exploring the molecular basis of cancer progression in canine cell lines.
Benefit cuts to teachers won't lead to taxpayer savings
Cutting benefits for teachers or other public-sector workers may not save taxpayers as much as one might think, according to a new University of Illinois at Chicago study.
Montefiore-Einstein Investigators present research at 2015 American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting
Investigators at Montefiore Einstein Center for Cancer Care, Albert Einstein College of Medicine's NCI-designated Albert Einstein Cancer Center and The Children's Hospital at Montefiore will present findings at the American Society of Hematology's 57th Annual Meeting.
Nanoscale drawbridges open path to color displays
A new method for building 'drawbridges' between metal nanoparticles could open new paths for electronics makers who wish to build full-color displays from opto-electric components.
Autoimmune epilepsy outcomes depend heavily on antibody type
Immune dysfunction is increasingly recognized as a cause of drug-resistant epilepsy but how or why the immune system attacks nerve cells -- and the consequences on seizure control -- are not well understood.
Cell suicide prevention squad
OIST researchers discover mechanisms aiding cell viability and survival.
Stanford scientists develop 'Shazam for earthquakes'
A new algorithm designed to find matching seismic signals in large earthquake databases could find previously missed microquakes.
Researchers discover giant pore in the membrane of peroxisomes
Researchers have discovered a second giant pore for the transport of folded proteins in certain cell organelles, i.e. peroxisomes.
Nursing community on path to transformation since IOM future of nursing report five years ago
Since the 2010 Institute of Medicine report The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health was issued, significant progress has been made related to many of the report's recommendations, which were geared toward helping nurses meet the heightened demand for health care and improving the nation's increasingly complex health system, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.
Rudeness at work is contagious
Workplace incivility should be treated with the utmost seriousness. This is the finding of three psychologists at Lund University in Sweden who surveyed nearly 6,000 people on the social climate in the workplace.
Teens know dangers of driving and cellphone use, yet do it anyway, Penn research shows
Catherine McDonald and Marilyn Sommers of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing sat down with 30 teens to better understand their perceptions of driving and distractions such as cell-phone use.
Jewish cuisine punching above its paunch
'It's as if the culinary heritage of Montreal corresponds almost exclusively to Jewish specialities, which seems disproportionate given that in 2001, Jews accounted for only 2.6 percent of the city's population,' Professor Olivier Bauer, Université de Montréal.
Certain herpes viruses can infect human neurons
A tantalizing link exists between some neurologic conditions and certain species of herpes virus.
University of Washington project focuses on fines and fees that create 'prisoners of debt'
Court-imposed fines and fees can tie offenders to the criminal justice system for life and impact their ability to move on with their lives.
Brain scans explain quickness to blame
New research from Duke University helps explain the paradox of why we are quick to blame people but slow to credit them for their actions.
Linguists at Penn document Philadelphia 'accent' of American Sign Language
Linguists Jami Fisher and Meredith Tamminga of the University of Pennsylvania began a project to record American Sign Language variations in Philly, aided by a Research Opportunity Grant from the School of Arts and Sciences.
GM mice reveal the secret to a painless life
People born with a rare genetic mutation are unable to feel pain, but previous attempts to recreate this effect with drugs have had surprisingly little success.
How is a developing brain assembled?
A new, open-source software that can help track the embryonic development and movement of neuronal cells throughout the body of the worm, is now available to scientists.
What your father ate before you were born could influence your health
There is increasing evidence that parents' lifestyle and the environment they inhabit even long before they have children may influence the health of their offspring.
Feds choose UC Davis to monitor nation's fine particles
The UC Davis Crocker Nuclear Laboratory is now the prime contractor for both major federal fine particle air quality monitoring networks -- the National Park Service's IMPROVE network and the Environmental Protection Agency's Chemical Speciation Network, or CSN, which monitors urban air quality.
Error correction strategies of cells
Professor Gasper Tkačik and graduate students Sarah Cepeda-Humerez and Georg Rieckh examine error correction of cells in their paper published on Dec.
Ocean toxicity hampered the rapid evolution of complex life
By examining rocks at the bottom of ancient oceans, an international group of researchers have revealed that arsenic concentrations in the oceans have varied greatly over time.
Study undercuts idea that 'Medieval Warm Period' was global
A new study questions the popular notion that 10th-century Norse people were able to colonize Greenland because of a period of unusually warm weather.
Neuroscientists now can read the mind of a fly
Northwestern University neuroscientists now can read the mind of a fly.
Breast screening program effective in preventing some invasive cancers
Screening for and treatment of an early form of breast cancer has been found to prevent subsequent invasive cancer, according to research led by Queen Mary University of London.
Citizen-science climate project adds logs from historic Arctic whaling ships
Old Weather is a citizen-science project that is mining historic ship logs to get a unique peek at Arctic climate over the past two centuries.
New way to make yeast hybrids may inspire new brews, biofuels
Thanks to a new method for making interspecies yeast hybrids in the lab, the makers of beer, wine, biofuels and other products that depend on yeasts may soon have many more strains of the microorganism to work with.
Signaling pathway suppresses brain tumors
Researchers at the University of Basel took a close look at a signaling pathway present in most organisms and found that it suppresses the formation of specific types of brain tumor.
Microtubules act as cellular 'rheostat' to control insulin secretion
Microtubules -- cellular 'highways' that deliver cargo to the cell membrane for secretion -- have a surprising role in pancreatic beta cells.
Mystery of arsenic release into groundwater solved
Bacteria living in shallow sediment layers of permanently flooded wetlands in Asia drive arsenic release into water by feeding on freshly deposited plant material, a new study finds.

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