Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 07, 2015
Amol Aggarwal to receive 2016 AMS-MAA-SIAM Morgan Prize
Amol Aggarwal is the recipient of the 2016 AMS-MAA-SIAM Frank and Brennie Morgan Prize for Outstanding Research in Mathematics by an Undergraduate Student for his outstanding research in combinatorics.

Unraveling the genetic basis of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy
The leading cause of epilepsy-related death is a poorly understood phenomenon known as sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP).

Researchers reveal the nature of atherosclerosis from plaque initiation to thrombosis
For the first time, researchers can provide early detection of plaques that have a high likelihood of clotting and/or rupture.

Loyola Medicine opens Cancer Center at Palos Community Hospital
The new Loyola Center for Cancer Care & Research at Palos Community Hospital is offering cancer patients academic level care close to home.

Studies presented at IOF regional meeting find dramatically low levels of vitamin D
New research related to vitamin D and musculoskeletal health was presented at the IOF Regionals 3rd Middle East & Africa Osteoporosis Meeting.

High-energy X-rays give industry affordable way to optimize cast iron
Researchers from Caterpillar and the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory conducted a proof of principle study that shows that high-energy synchrotron X-rays from the Advanced Photon Source can provide a new, affordable way for industry to optimize the mechanical and physical properties of cast iron in the manufacturing process.

High response rates, long-term remissions in Penn trials of personalized cell therapy
Ninety-three percent of pediatric patients (55 of 59) with relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia went into remission after receiving an investigational therapy made from their own immune cells, with continuous remissions of over one year in 18 patients and over two years in nine patients.

Planners aim for coastal growth in all the right places
When it comes to helping coastal communities be more resilient to weather hazards, ideas don't need to be sandbagged, experts say.

Pancreatitis often caused by gallstones -- also statins increase risk
Idiopathic pancreatitis is often caused by small gallstones that are difficult to observe prior to surgery, shows a study from the University of Eastern Finland.

Mount Sinai researchers present results at American Society of Hematology Meeting
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai researchers will present several landmark studies at the 2015 American Society of Hematology meeting Dec.

New technology may standardize sickle cell disease screening for infants
Researchers from Seidman Cancer Center at University Hospitals Case Medical Center and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine presented new research findings this weekend at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology.

Unexpected wood source for Chaco Canyon great houses
Wood in the 'great houses' built in Chaco Canyon by ancient Puebloans came from two different mountain ranges, according to new research.

SwRI's Bottke to present AGU Shoemaker Lecture
During the formation of the solar system, two waves of planetary bombardment likely played a significant role in planetary evolution.

Victorians exposed to fine art through Christmas cards
Designers of Christmas cards used fine art on their products to divert attention away from concerns that that the festival was becoming too commercialized, a University of Exeter academic has found.

New untraceable messaging system comes with statistical guarantees
A team of MIT researchers has developed a new, untraceable text-messaging system designed to thwart even the most powerful of adversaries.

A supplement for myelin regeneration
The vitamin D receptor promotes the differentiation of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells and boosts myelin sheath regeneration, according to a study in The Journal of Cell Biology.

Skin cells play 'dice games'
How to maintain healthy skin and heal wounds is an intricate problem.

New findings reveal the interplay between epilepsy and aging
The largest and fastest-growing segment of people with epilepsy are those age 60 and older.

Endangered foxes on Catalina Island get promising treatment to reduce ear tumors
Roughly half of Santa Catalina Island foxes were found to have ear canal tumors, but an ear mite treatment appears to be greatly helping the problem, according to two studies from the University of California, Davis.

Study links Facebook connections, alcohol use in college-aged females
Researchers at the University of Georgia have found links between certain patterns of connections among Facebook friends and drug and alcohol use among college-aged females.

Diabetics with foot complications have impaired cognitive function -- Ben-Gurion University study
According to the research, those with diabetic foot remember less, have decreased concentration, difficulty with learning, decreased inhibition, slower cognitive and psychomotor responses, and decreased verbal fluency.

Algorithm helps analyze neuron images
Scientists looking for ways to stimulate the growth of neurons can spend hours painstakingly analyzing microscope images of cells growing in petri dishes.

Scientists redefine arterial wall inflammation, offer cardiovascular disease treatment hope
Researchers from the University of Toronto have found that a specific cell type plays a key role in maintaining healthy arteries after inflammation.

Discovery puts designer dopamine neurons within reach
Parkinson's disease researchers at the Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences at the University at Buffalo have developed a way to ramp up the conversion of skin cells into dopamine neurons.

Global CO2 emissions projected to stall in 2015
Global carbon emissions are projected to stall in 2015, according to researchers at the University of East Anglia and the Global Carbon Project.

Huge organs defy austerity for tiny cave snails in the subterranean realm
While most of the knowledge about tiny snails comes from studying deserted shells sifted out from piles of dust and sand, the present research is the first contemporary microscopic exploration of organs in cave snails tinier than 2 mm.

Green tea impairs development, reproduction in fruit flies, UCI study finds
Although green tea is enjoyed by millions for its numerous health benefits, University of California, Irvine researchers have discovered that excessive consumption adversely affected development and reproduction in fruit fly populations.

Atomically flat tunnel transistor overcomes fundamental power challenge of electronics
Engineering researchers at UC Santa Barbara and Rice University have demonstrated a new transistor that switches at only 0.1 volts and reduces power dissipation by over 90 percent compared to state-of-the-art silicon transistors (MOSFETs).

A new genus of plant bug, plus 4 new species from Australia
A new genus of plant bug and four new species have been discovered in Australia.

Columbia engineers build biologically powered chip
Led by Columbia Engineering professor Ken Shepard, researchers have, for the first time, harnessed the molecular machinery of living systems to power an integrated circuit from ATP, the energy currency of life.

Scientists discover 'back door' of nuclear receptor
Researchers discover an entirely new way of antagonizing a human nuclear receptor.

Catching cellular impacts of bubbles and jets
Duke researchers have devised a way to take an in-depth look at the diverse effects of jets produced by cavity bubbles on individual cells.

Studies highlight new drug targets or compounds for acute myeloid leukemia
Preclinical data unveiled across four studies presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology highlight potential treatment opportunities for acute myeloid leukemia, a blood cancer accounting for approximately 20 percent of all childhood leukemias and 32 percent of adult leukemias.

On a scale of 1 to 5, how distracting is talking to your car?
Distractions while driving can come from visual, physical, and cognitive sources.

Suspect cells not guilty after all in late-stage lupus
Biomedical researchers have suspected that a specific set of immune cells are responsible for causing disease in late-stage lupus patients, but until now they haven't known for sure.

No clear choice among newly available once-weekly diabetes medications
Below is a summary of articles being featured in the next issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

Climate change governs a crop pest, even when populations are far-flung
Research appearing today in Nature Climate Change shows how large-scale climatic changes drive a coordinated rise and fall of numbers of aphids across Great Britain, even when individual aphid populations in that nation are separated by great distance.

Gates Foundation funds UMass Amherst research on deadly African cattle disease
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation recently announced a three-year, $478,000 grant to Samuel Black, professor of veterinary and animal sciences at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, to work with an international team developing a vaccine to control and cure trypanosomiasis, a fatal disease of cattle in sub-Saharan Africa and a major obstacle to raising livestock there.

UK and Chinese scientists join forces to combat city pollution
New research into toxic fumes polluting a Chinese megacity could help protect the health of millions in the coming decades.

AGU Fall Meeting: Press conferences schedule
Discover the latest Earth and space science news at the 48th annual AGU Fall Meeting this December, when about 24,000 attendees from around the globe are expected to assemble for the largest worldwide conference in the Earth and space sciences.

Seismologist Walter J. Arabasz honored for contributions to earthquake safety
For his extraordinary public service in modernizing, expanding and promoting seismic monitoring for public safety in the United States, the Seismological Society of America (SSA) will present Walter J.

How fresh is your maple syrup?
The maple syrup that's tapped from the tree may not be as fresh as you think it is.

Kitchen chemistry hacks for cooks and wine lovers (video)
If you've ever cooked, you've probably confronted more than a few kitchen nightmares including ovens that seem hotter than they should be, knives no sharper than Silly String, and wine that smells less than divine.

Stretchy hydrogel 'Band-Aid' senses, lights up, delivers medicine
MIT engineers have designed what may be the Band-Aid of the future: a sticky, stretchy, gel-like material that can incorporate temperature sensors, LED lights, and other electronics, as well as tiny, drug-delivering reservoirs and channels.

AES awards Kevin Staley, M.D., with its 2015 Research Recognition Award for Basic Science
The American Epilepsy Society (AES) announces that Kevin Staley, M.D., professor of child neurology and mental retardation at Harvard Medical School and chief of pediatric neurology at Massachusetts General Hospital, is being honored with the AES Research Recognition Award for Basic Science at the Society's 69th annual meeting in Philadelphia.

Chomsky was right, NYU researchers find: We do have a 'grammar' in our head
A team of neuroscientists has found new support for MIT linguist Noam Chomsky's decades-old theory that we possess an 'internal grammar' that allows us to comprehend even nonsensical phrases.

Sex differences in type 2 diabetes affect cardiovascular disease risk
Women with type 2 diabetes are twice as likely as men to have coronary heart disease.

Neurosurgery researchers receive NIH grants to study Parkinson's, stroke, & brain cancer
Researchers from the Department of Neurological Surgery at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and University Hospitals Case Medical Center recently received multi-year, multi-million dollar grants from the National Institutes of Health for studies in Parkinson's disease, stroke, and brain cancer.

Researchers find molecular shift that stops stem cells in Drosophila from making tumors
University of Oregon scientists studying neural stem cells in the fruit fly Drosophila have uncovered a molecular change experienced by stem cells as they age.

Three studies point to effectiveness of new therapies for multiple myeloma
Results of clinical trials show that new drug combinations can significantly extend the time in which multiple myeloma is kept in check in patients with relapsed or treatment-resistant forms of the disease

Obesity contributes to metastasis in ovarian cancer patients
The influence of obesity on ovarian cancer metastasis had not been evaluated.

In social movements, 'slactivists' matter
People who casually like or retweet activist content on social media are often criticized as 'slacktivists.' But in analyzing millions of tweets surrounding social protests, researchers find that in fact, these peripheral users serve to double the reach of the core protesters' message.

Inaugural issue of Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications journal launches
The new journal Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (CVIA) has been launched with a Special Issue on Heart Failure and brings together contributions from leading cardiologists from the United States, China and Europe.

Researchers assess contaminants in New York City's community gardens
While community gardens provide benefits including urban green space, opportunities for recreation, art expression, social gathering, and improved diets, urban gardening may also increase the opportunity for exposure to common urban soil contaminants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

Study of environmental attitudes nine distinct segments of American population
Americans' attitudes about environmental issues aren't simply polarized into pro- and anti-environment, but rather are spread across a diverse spectrum.

72 Nobel Laureates appeal for climate protection
Seventy-two recipients of the Nobel Prize urgently warn of the consequences of climate change.

TSRI team finds unique anti-diabetes compound using powerful new drug-discovery method
Scientists from the Scripps Research Institute have deployed a powerful new drug discovery technique to identify an anti-diabetes compound with a novel mechanism of action, a technique with significant potential to quickly find drug candidates.

Tiny drug-laden 'popping bubbles' lead triple attack treatment for liver cancer
In an interdisciplinary collaboration between prominent academic and industry investigators, researchers have discovered a novel method for repositioning an FDA-approved anti-cancer compound so it can specifically target liver cancer tumors.

Phase 1 results point to larger trial of enzalutamide and fulvestrant in breast cancer
At San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, Jennifer Richer, PhD, and colleagues report promising results of a phase 1 clinical trial of combination enzalutamide and fulvestrant against advanced breast cancer.

Home-delivered meals reduce loneliness, study finds
Results of a randomized, controlled trial provide evidence that seniors who receive meal deliveries at home report significantly less loneliness than those who do not.

Very British rebels: The culture and politics of Ulster Loyalism (Bloomsbury)
Recently published is 'Very British Rebels: The Culture and Politics of Ulster Loyalism' (Bloomsbury), in which Professor McAuley challenges some of the narrow views of Ulster Loyalism.

Target Validation platform launches
-CTTV Target Validation Platform provides evidence for over 21,800 therapeutic targets, spanning more than 8800 diseases and phenotypes.

Inmates getting access to Medicaid upon release from jail or prison
With the expansion of Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act, an entire new population is eligible for government health care: low-income men.

Sperm crane their neck to turn right
Spermatozoa need to crane their necks to turn right to counteract a left-turning drive caused by the rotation of their tails, new research has found.

Migraine triggers may all act through a common pathway
Migraines can be triggered by a variety of factors, including stress, sleep disruption, noise, odors, and diet.

£4.4 million grant to develop a yeast alternative to palm oil
A multi-disciplinary team of engineers and scientists from the University of Bath and the University of York are aiming to produce the first ever yeast-derived alternative to palm oil on an industrial scale.

Increased CO2 in the atmosphere has altered photosynthesis of plants over the 20th century
Researchers at Umeå University and the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences have discovered that increasing levels of CO2 in the atmosphere have shifted photosynthetic metabolism in plants over the 20th century.

Multiple myeloma patient study shows promise for natural killer cells
A first-in-human Phase I study of multiple myeloma patients combined expanded cord blood-derived natural killer cells with transplantation of a patient's own stem cells and high-dose chemotherapy with little or none of the side effects seen with current treatments.

Including plant acclimation to temperature change improves climate models
Including plants' acclimation to changes in temperature could significantly improve the accuracy of climate models, a Purdue University study shows.

Weight increase in first year of life associated with risk of type 1 diabetes
Weight increase during the first year of an infant's life was associated with risk for type 1 diabetes in study of children born in Norway and Denmark, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Screenbased activities can't replace personal interactions
A new article stresses the importance of direct interactions with family members for infants' development and finds no scientific evidence for benefits of iPad or DVD programs, which in fact might even cause language delays.

Reform model not yet helping people with mental illness
An early alternative payment model did not dramatically reduce use of mental health care services as some had feared, but had little effect on coordination and quality of care for people who require these services.

Risky sexual behavior by young men with HIV who have sex with men
Young men who have sex with men and have detectable levels of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were more likely to report condomless anal sex, including with a partner not infected with HIV, than virologically suppressed young men who have sex with men, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

ASHG virtual meeting: Genetics in Your Clinic
Genetics in Your Clinic: What You Can and Should Do Now, a free event intended for a global audience of primary care providers and other health care professionals, will feature presentations from human genetics experts on currently available genetic technologies and their limitations; personal/family history information indicating a need for genetic testing; and how to interpret results effectively and when to refer.

Strongest sinks of carbon are in dynamic landscapes
Using region-wide, repeated forest inventory data, USDA Forest Service scientists and partners found that land use change is a substantial component of the carbon sink in the Eastern United States.

Testosterone-lowering therapy for prostate cancer may increase Alzheimer's risk
Men taking androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer were almost twice as likely to be diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease in the years that followed than those who didn't undergo the therapy, an analysis of medical records from two large hospital systems by Penn Medicine and Stanford University researchers has shown.

Chasing invasive cancer cells with a laser
What makes invasive cancer cells behave differently than the other cells in the tumor from which they arise?

Acetaminophen provides no benefits against the flu
Some doctors may recommend that patients with the flu take acetaminophen, or paracetemol, to relieve their symptoms; however, a new randomized clinical trial found no benefits to the over-the-counter medication in terms of fighting the influenza virus or reducing patients' temperature or other symptoms.

Study identifies characteristics that may increase a breast cancer survivor's risk of developing leukemia following treatment
A new analysis indicates that certain characteristics may increase a breast cancer survivor's risk of developing leukemia after undergoing chemotherapy and/or radiation.

Sleep disturbance in epilepsy: Causes and consequences
Researchers are only beginning to understand the implications of disrupted sleep in people with epilepsy.

Regenstrief and IU study: Mindfulness-based stress reduction diminishes chemo brain
Participation in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program yields robust and sustained improvement in cancer-related cognitive impairment, a prevalent and potentially debilitating condition that affects attention, memory and executive function in survivors, according to a new study from the Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University School of Medicine.

Blood thinner, antidiabetic drug mix increases hospitalizations
A common blood thinner warfarin can have a potent interaction in patients treated for diabetes that may land them in the hospital, USC and Harvard University researchers find in a study published in The BMJ.

Young adults with ALL have encouraging survival with pediatric regimen
Using a pediatric chemotherapy regimen to treat young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) significantly improved their outcomes compared to what has historically been achieved with 'adult' treatment protocols, report Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientists.

German Research Foundation approves collaborative research center on selective autophagy
The German Research Foundation will be providing approximately EUR 11 million over the next four years to fund a new collaborative research center on autophagy.

RHIC particle smashups find that shape matters
Peering into the seething soup of primordial matter created in particle collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) -- an 'atom smasher' at Brookhaven National Laboratory -- scientists have come to a new understanding of how particles are produced in these collisions.

Modified mosquitoes could help fight against malaria
For the first time, malarial mosquitoes have been modified to be infertile and pass on the trait rapidly -- raising the possibility of reducing the spread of disease.

Physical activity may leave the brain more open to change
Learning, memory, and brain repair depend on the ability of our neurons to change with experience.

Men's interest in babies linked with hormonal responses to sexual stimuli
Young men's interest in babies is associated with their physiological reactivity to sexually explicit material, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Older adults live independently longer when monitored by care team and technology
Older adults who lived in an independent living community that uses sensor technology and onsite care coordination to maintain residents' health stayed longer at the community than seniors who live in other senior housing across the nation.

Breaking bread with colleagues boosts productivity
Plenty of companies invest big money to provide their employees with upscale workplace eateries or at least catered meals.

New personal monitoring devices for epilepsy may offer alternatives to inpatient video EEG
Uncontrolled epilepsy often requires a series of trials and errors to identify effective drug combinations.

Leukemia patients who switched kinase inhibitors had favorable outcomes
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients who stopped taking the kinase inhibitors, ibrutinib or idelalisib, had mostly favorable outcomes when they switched to the alternate therapy.

New guideline addresses long-term needs of breast cancer survivors
A new breast cancer survivorship care guideline provides guidance to primary care and other clinicians in caring for the estimated 3.1 million female adult survivors of breast cancer in the United States.

AES recognizes Germany's Dr. Christian E. Elger with William G. Lennox Award
The American Epilepsy Society awarded the William G. Lennox Award to Dr.

NYU-led research differentiates facial growth in Neanderthals and modern humans
An international research team, led by Dr. Rodrigo Lacruz, published a study describing for the first time the developmental processes that differentiate Neanderthal facial skeletons from those of modern humans.

Three-dimensional force microscopy
Metastases occur when tumor cells detach from the primary tumor and migrate to distant sites through the connective tissue of organs.

Discovery of unique muscle fibers of upper airway in humans
Researchers at Umeå University in Sweden have discovered unique muscle fibers in the soft palate of the mouth in both infants and adults.

Using atoms to turn optical nanofiber guided light on and off
OIST team has created a light-mediated on/off switch in optical nanofibers that could be used for transferring quantum information in the future.

Basic technology of high thermally-durable all-solid-state lithium ion battery developed
Hitachi, Ltd. and Tohoku University's Advanced Institute for Materials Research have developed a basic technology to reduce the internal resistance of the all-solid-state lithium ion battery using a complex hydride as a solid electrolyte.

DFG extends funding for the Low-Energy Frontier of the Standard Model research center
The German Research Foundation (DFG) will continue its funding for the Collaborative Research Center (CRC) 1044 'The Low-Energy Frontier of the Standard Model: From Quarks and Gluons to Hadrons and Nuclei' at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz for a further four years by making approximately EUR 12.5 million available from Jan.

Eating disorder prevention program reduces brain reward region response to supermodels
At baseline, when young women at risk for eating disorders viewed images of supermodels while undergoing fMRI, a reward valuation region of their brains was activated.

Cancer study identifies genes that stop onset of leukemia
Genes that act as brakes to stop the development of an aggressive form of leukemia have been identified by University of Edinburgh researchers.

New model to track animal paths from solar geolocators
The model developed for the analysis of geolocator data estimates tracks for animals with complex migratory behavior by combining: a shading-insensitive, template-fit physical model, an uncorrelated random walk movement model that includes migratory and sedentary behavioral states, and spatially explicit behavioral masks.

Dinosaur relatives and first dinosaurs more closely connected than previously thought
A new study by a team of scientists from Argentina, Brazil, California and the Natural History Museum of Utah at the University of Utah has determined that the time elapsed between the emergence of early dinosaur relatives and the origin of the first dinosaurs is much shorter than previously believed.

Wyss Institute and KeepSmilin4Abbie Foundation partner toward anaphylaxis treatment
The Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University and the KeepSmilin4Abbie Foundation announced today their partnership to advance research and development efforts in the early detection and treatment of anaphylaxis, a severe allergic reaction triggered by exposure to certain foods, materials, medications, and insect bites.

Young men with detectable HIV more likely to have risky sex
Young men who have sex with men and have detectable levels of HIV were more likely to report not using a condom during anal intercourse with a partner not infected with HIV, compared with virologically suppressed young men who have sex with men, according to researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health.

Protected area design secrets revealed in new study
It is not only size that matters when planning a protected area, other spatial features such as shape are also critical to the number of animal species found there.

Existing compound holds promise for reducing Huntington's disease progression
Currently, there is no treatment to halt the progression of Huntington's disease, a fatal genetic disorder that slowly robs sufferers of their physical and mental abilities.

Men have better sense of direction than women
Researchers studied women and men using fMRI during wayfinding tasks in a recently learned virtual environment.

Common treatment for prostate cancer appears to double Alzheimer's risk
A review of the electronic medical records of thousands of prostate cancer patients at two major medical institutions revealed a nearly two-fold increase in the rate of Alzheimer's disease diagnosis among those treated with androgen deprivation therapy.

Drug shows potential as safe and effective for most prevalent form of adult leukemia
Clinical results published in the OnLine First edition of New England Journal of Medicine show that the new drug acalabrutinib (ACP-196) promotes high response rates that are durable in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) while producing minimal side effects.

1st tool to assess impact of co-illnesses in young cancer patients
A team of researchers from LSU Health New Orleans Schools of Public Health and Medicine and colleagues have developed the first index identifying and documenting concurrent but unrelated diseases among adolescents and young adults with cancer in collaboration with the NCI.

A new approach to predict evolution of influenza viruses can enhance vaccine efficacy
New results from a study performed at the University of Helsinki, Finland, suggest that genomic information from circulating influenza viruses can help in producing more efficient seasonal vaccines.

Researchers find repetitive DNA provides a hidden layer of functional information
In the first study to run a genome-wide analysis of Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) in gene expression, a large team of computational geneticists led by investigators from Columbia Engineering and the New York Genome Center have shown that STRs, thought to be just neutral, or 'junk,' actually play an important role in regulating gene expression.

The world's tiniest temperature sensor is powered by radio waves
Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology have developed a very tiny wireless temperature sensor that is powered in a very special way: from the radio waves that are part of the sensor's wireless network.

Seeing viruses in a new light
If researchers can understand how viruses assemble, they may be able to design drugs that prevent viruses from forming in the first place.

What makes Tom Hanks look like Tom Hanks?
University of Washington researchers have reconstructed 3-D models of celebrities such as Tom Hanks from large Internet photo collections.

Spin current on topological insulator detected electrically at room temperature
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have for the first time reported the electrical detection of spin current on topological insulator surfaces at room temperature by employing a ferromagnetic detector.

Drexel University survey finds broad misperceptions about impact of cleaner indoor air
Do you know how easy it is to improve the quality of the air you breathe every day?

First code improvements adopted based on NIST Joplin tornado study
Protecting schools and their associated high-occupancy buildings from the most violent tornadoes is the goal of the first approved building code changes based on recommendations from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) technical investigation into the impacts of the deadly tornado that struck Joplin, Mo., on May 22, 2011.

Fighting prescription painkiller abuse among baby boomers
Prescription opioid abuse has reached epidemic proportions, but new research led by UB psychiatric nursing researcher Yu-Ping Chang found motivational interviewing, a form of behavioral counseling, is an effective tool at curbing misuse.

Pharmaceutical CBD (cannabidiol) shows promise for children with severe epilepsy
Around the globe there is high interest in the use of cannabidiol, for the treatment of people with epilepsy, especially children who have treatment-resistant forms of the disorder.

New insights into link between taste and behavior
Evolutionary conserved brainstem circuits are the first relay for gustatory information in the vertebrate brain.

Infertile men have a higher risk of heart disease, diabetes, Stanford study finds
Men diagnosed with infertility have a higher risk of developing other general health ailments, including diabetes, ischemic heart disease, alcohol abuse and drug abuse, compared with fertile men, according to a study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

New $4.4 million research project targets obesity
A deeper understanding of the causes of obesity, and improved treatments for obesity and many of its related health problems, are among the goals of a new $4.4 million, four-year research grant awarded by the Pennsylvania Department of Health to a team of scientists from Geisinger Health System, Penn State University, and the University of Pennsylvania.

Announcing the establishment of Cochrane Russia
We are happy to announce the establishment of Cochrane Russia as a branch of the Nordic Cochrane Centre, with a co-ordinating hub at the Kazan Federal University.

Adults born preterm at risk of early chronic disease: New review offers key pointers for doctors treating such patients
Premature birth is linked to an increased risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, pregnancy complications and other chronic diseases in adulthood.

Greenland glaciers retreating at record pace
Greenland's glaciers are retreating quickly, and a new study shows in historical terms just how quickly: over the past century, at least twice as fast as any other time in the past 9,500 years.

Study finds most crowded US hospitals did not adopt proven interventions
Researchers at the George Washington University looked at crowding in US hospitals from 2007-10 and found that while the adoption of strategies to reduce emergency department crowding has increased, many of the nation's most crowded emergency departments have not adopted effective interventions.

Reducing pain in patients with osteoarthritis of the big toe
Prefabricated foot orthoses and rocker-sole footwear (in which the sole of the shoe is curved) are effective at reducing peak pressure under the big toe in people with a condition called first metatarsophalangeal joint osteoarthritis, but new research shows that they achieve this through different mechanisms.

'Dark matter' in cancer genome prompts immune response
Researchers say the immune response comes from RNA with pathogen-like features.

Professor Laurence Hurst receives Research Medal
Professor Laurence Hurst FMedSci FRS, Director of the Milner Centre for Evolution at the University of Bath, will be honored for his outstanding research with the award of the Vice-Chancellor's Research Medal on Wednesday Dec.

New clues for battling botulism
Scientists have discovered new details about how 'cloaking' proteins protect the toxin that causes botulism, a fatal disease caused most commonly by consuming improperly canned foods.

Alpha-blockers associated with d risk of stroke in older men
Older men starting α-blockers-blockers, commonly used for treating enlarged prostates, have a higher risk of ischemic stroke during the initiation phase, although this effect is not apparent in men already taking other blood pressure medications, found new research in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Experimental drug is first targeted therapy to improve survival in high-risk AML patients
Midostaurin added to standard chemotherapy is the first targeted treatment to improve survival of a high-risk, genetically defined subgroup of patients with acute myeloid leukemia, reported Dr.

Loss of enzyme promotes tumor progression in endometrial cancer
Scientists have shown for the first time why loss of the enzyme CD73 in human cancer promotes tumor progression.

Invasive ants threaten native Australian butterfly
A widespread invasive ant species is posing a significant threat to native Australian butterflies.

Nanotube letters spell progress
Rice University researchers test the stiffness of individual nanotube junctions and find different characteristics based upon their 'letter' forms.

Enzyme involved in cell division also plays a role in inflammation
UT Southwestern Medical Center and California researchers today provide the first report that an enzyme previously known solely for its role in cell division also acts as an on-off switch in the innate immune system -- the body's first defense against infection.

$1,780,000 grant to SLU aims to buy time for those with sepsis
To improve doctors' ability to identify sepsis early, the NIH has funded researchers at Saint Louis University who may have already discovered a solution: chlorinated lipids.

Negative beliefs about aging predict Alzheimer's disease in Yale-led study
Newly published research led by the Yale School of Public Health demonstrates that individuals who hold negative beliefs about aging are more likely to have brain changes associated with Alzheimer's disease.

Researchers launch collaborative project to build first complete fly brain model
Researchers at the University of Sheffield have launched an ambitious project to simulate a complete model of the adult fruit fly brain for the first time.

Professor Federico Rosei of INRS wins the John C. Polanyi Award
Professor Federico Rosei of the INRS Énergie Matériaux Télécommunications Research Centre has received the 2016 John C.

Stanford engineers invent process to accelerate protein evolution
Through evolution, DNA mutations generate more effective proteins. Humans have found many uses for these molecules -- as foods, industrial enzymes, anti-cancer drugs -- and scientists want to understand how to engineer better protein variants.

Rapid growth in carbon dioxide emissions breaks in 2015
Despite global economic growth in 2015, worldwide emissions from fossil fuels are projected to decline by 0.6 percent this year.

Could hippos be meat eaters?
People often think hippos are herbivores with big smiling faces.

New mobile phone app to help farmers protect crops
A new app could help farmers protect crops and safeguard food production in the UK.

How our brains overrule our senses
Scientists have long known that when sounds are faint or objects are seen through fog in the distance, repetition of these weak or ambiguous sensory 'inputs' can result in different perceptions inside the same brain.

AES awards Penn's Brian Litt, M.D., its 2015 Research Recognition Award for Clinical Science
The American Epilepsy Society announces that Brian Litt, M.D., professor of neurology, neurosurgery and bioengineering at the University of Pennsylvania, is being honored with the AES Research Recognition Award for Clinical Science on Dec.

A cure for medical researchers' big data headache
Oak Ridge Graph Analytics for Medical Innovation (ORiGAMI), supplies researchers with an advanced data tool for literature-based discovery that has the potential to accelerate medical research and discovery.

Diabetes and its effect on bone is key topic at Abu Dhabi meeting
In response to the dramatic increase in both fragility fractures and type 2 diabetes mellitus within the region, the IOF Regionals 3rd Middle East & Africa Osteoporosis Meeting, placed a strong focus on the complex relationship between these two serious health issues.

Most men with erectile dysfunction are satisfied with penile prostheses
Most men who receive penile prostheses are very satisfied with the implants, indicating that the intervention is a valid treatment for erectile dysfunction.

New molecular structure reveals how bluetongue virus enters host cells
A five-year research partnership between the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and the University of California, Los Angeles has revealed the atomic-level structure of the bluetongue virus, a disease that has killed an estimated two million cattle in Europe over the past two decades.

Studies reveal better options for managing status epilepticus in children
Status epilepticus -- continuous seizure activity for 30 minutes or more -- is a medical emergency with a high mortality rate.

New facility will test how long nuclear reactor components last
Nuclear safety expert John Luxat is creating a legacy of advanced nuclear research capability in a regional research facility located in Hamilton, Ont., called the Centre for Advanced Nuclear Systems.

Cities support a greater number of threatened species than non-urban areas
The Earth is facing a catastrophic species extinction crisis. The dominant approach to conservation has been to focus on protecting pristine environments, but new research from Australia demonstrates that on average, urban environments contain disproportionately more threatened protected species in a given area than non-urban environments.

More aggressive climate policies are needed to save the future poor
A new model developed at Princeton University predicts that, if the poor continue to bear the brunt of climate change impacts -- and current climate policies remain the same -- the world's future poor will be even worse off than impoverished people today.

New research sheds light on mercury pollution in estuaries, food chain
Two studies by Dartmouth researchers and their colleagues shed new light on mercury pollution in the waters of the northeastern United States.

Warm nights could flood the atmosphere with carbon under climate change
A study led by Princeton University researchers suggests that hotter nights may wield more influence than previously thought over the planet's atmosphere as global temperatures rise -- and could eventually lead to more carbon flooding the atmosphere.

New massive dataset of bacterial proteins
Scientists from Switzerland and the Netherlands have conducted a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the proteins that the bacterium Escherichia coli expresses in 22 different growth conditions.

Closing a malware security loophole
An add-on for antivirus software that can scan across a computer network and trap malicious activity missed by the system firewall is being developed by an international team.

Global fossil-fuel emissions could decline in 2015, Stanford-led study finds
An international research team reports that the rapid increase in global carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels has slowed in the past two years, underlining the need for action to permanently lower emissions.

Shrinking tumors with an RNA triple-helix hydrogel glue
Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) have developed an efficient and effective delivery vehicle for gene therapy, and have used it to shrink tumors by nearly 90 percent in a pre-clinical model of triple-negative breast cancer.

Chronic kidney disease patients benefit from pacing left and right ventricles
Patients with moderate-to-severe chronic kidney disease who received cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator had a lower risk of hospitalization for heart failure or death from this condition compared to patients who received only an implantable cardioverter defibrillator, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

RVG-exosome delivered MOR-RNAi rescues drug addiction
In a new study published in the Scientific Reports, Chen-Yu Zhang's group at Nanjing University reports that secreted RVG- exosome-delivered siRNA down-regulates opioid receptor Mu (MOR) in mouse brain and rescues drug addiction.

Cadmium increases risk of fractures
People who are exposed to higher levels of cadmium have an increased risk of osteoporosis and fractures.

Gut bacteria important factor in cockroach gathering
North Carolina State University research shows that bacteria in the gut of German cockroaches play a major role in how the cockroaches gather together, or aggregate.

New innovative method for delivering genes into cells
Researchers from Toyohashi Tech have developed a novel transfection method using water-in-oil droplet electroporation: a liquid droplet with exogenous DNA and cells that is suspended between electrodes in dielectric oil is exposed to a DC electric field.

Home health visits can keep medicare recipients out of the hospital, study finds
Keeping Medicare recipients out of the hospital is one key strategy to reduce costs, but most efforts toward this end have proved unsuccessful.

Advice for Canada's new health minister
Enact a national pharmacare program for Canadians. Let science and evidence guide health policy.

Satellite observations show global plant growth is not keeping up with CO2 emissions
Because plants need carbon dioxide to grow, scientists have expected rising atmospheric CO2 to substantially enhance plant growth, offsetting a portion of human CO2 emissions and, in turn, slowing climate change.

Experimental drug is first targeted therapy to improve survival in high-risk AML patients
Midostaurin added to standard chemotherapy is the first targeted treatment to improve survival of a high-risk, genetically defined subgroup of patients with acute myeloid leukemia, reported Dr.

New approaches for hybrid solar cells
Using a new procedure researchers at the Technical University of Munich and the Ludwig Maximillians University of Munich can now produce extremely thin and robust, yet highly porous semiconductor layers.

Harvard's Donald Schomer, M.D., named AES J. Kiffin Penry Award recipient
Donald Schomer, M.D.,professor of neurology at Harvard Medical School, received the J. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to