Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 08, 2015
UM Rosenstiel school scientists awarded over $6 million to study Gulf of Mexico
MIAMI - The Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative (GoMRI) Research Board awarded over $6 million to University of Miami UM Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science researchers to study the effects of oil on the Gulf of Mexico ecosystem and public health.

Long nights and lazy days could send you to an early grave
Sleeping more than nine hours a night, and sitting too much during the day could be a hazardous combination, particularly when added to a lack of exercise, according to new findings to emerge from the Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study.

Mayo Clinic researchers identify six potential biomarkers for bipolar I disorder
Mayo Clinic researchers have discovered a series of proteins that could be diagnostic markers to identify bipolar I disorder.

Children with common allergies have twice heart disease risk
Children with allergies, particularly asthma and hay fever, have about twice the rate of high blood pressure and high cholesterol, setting them on a course for heart disease at a surprisingly early age, reports a new study.

UH optometrist wins Distinguished Service Award in eye care
The University of Houston College of Optometry's Pat Segu, O.D., was honored with a prestigious distinguished service award for the continued high quality of service she has demonstrated in the area of public health eye and vision care.

Dogs (and probably many other animals) have a conscience too!
An ethological discovery by a researcher at Tomsk State University (Russia) changes our idea of consciousness.

Playing 3-D video games can boost memory formation, UCI study finds
Playing three-dimensional video games -- besides being lots of fun -- can boost the formation of memories, according to University of California, Irvine neurobiologists.

Study points to barriers to biologic treatments for some patients with psoriasis
In the first known study to examine the prevalence and treatment of psoriasis in older Americans, experts from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have found that black patients receiving Medicare are less likely to receive biologic therapies -medications derived from human or animal cells or tissues -- for the treatment of moderate to severe psoriasis than white patients.

PPS announces formation of Scottish based company
Pressure Profile Systems, Inc. (PPS), the world-leader in distributed pressure sensing technologies for OEM and instrumentation products, has announced the formation of a new subsidiary called PPS UK.

On-the-go ultrahigh vacuum storage systems
A special 'suitcase under ultrahigh vacuum conditions,' created by researchers in Japan, will enable researchers to securely transport air-sensitive scientific samples from one advanced laboratory facility to another.

Pigs that are resistant to incurable disease developed at University of Missouri
A team of researchers from the University of Missouri, Kansas State University, and Genus plc have bred pigs that are not harmed by Porcine Reproductive and REspiratory Syndrome, a disease that costs North American farmers more than $660 million annually.

If you make impulsive choices you should blame your parents -- it's genetic
'Delay discounting' is the tendency to take a smaller reward now rather than waiting for a larger one available later.

UB researcher develops model to show effects of personalizing online information
Are your political sensitivities more to the left or to the right?

Chewbaaka migrated from North America
The cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) is now at home on the African plains, but it started a migration 100,000 years ago from North America towards its current habitat.

Genes influence choice between small rewards now or bigger ones later
Opting for smaller rewards immediately instead of waiting for bigger payoffs later is associated with problems such as impulsive behavior and addiction to food, drugs and alcohol.

Examine the economics of the modern world: The SAGE Encyclopedia of Economics and Society
What are the economics of immigration, adoption, religion and social movements such as Occupy Wall Street?

First patient registry launched for rare lung disease, primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD)
The first international patient registry has been launched for primary ciliary dyskinesia -- a rare lung disease causing long-term and recurring respiratory infections, with no approved treatments and no cure.

A new theory describes ice's slippery behavior
In this week's Journal of Chemical Physics, Bo Persson, a scientist at the Jülich Research Center, discusses his new theory that describes how slippery ice gets when a hard material like a ski slides across it.

Measurement of volatile organic compounds may reveal wild rocket salad quality
By means of a new method Aarhus University scientists have demonstrated that there is a relation between the quality of packaged wild rocket after harvest and the release of volatile organic compounds.

In child heart patients, gene effects overlap in heart, brain development
Some of the same gene mutations that cause heart defects in children also lead to neurodevelopmental delays.

Why focusing on a visual task will make us deaf to our surroundings
Concentrating attention on a visual task can render you momentarily 'deaf' to sounds at normal levels, reports a new UCL study funded by the Wellcome Trust.

Realistic facial reconstructions enhanced by combining three computer vision methods
Disney Research and Carnegie Mellon University scientists have found that three computer vision methods commonly used to reconstruct 3-D scenes produce superior results in capturing facial details when they are performed simultaneously, rather than independently.

Hip osteoarthritis may not appear on x-ray
In the majority of cases, hip x-rays are not reliable for diagnosing hip osteoarthritis (OA), and can delay the treatment of this debilitating disease.

Counseling with genetic cancer screening may increase knowledge and decrease anxiety
Many BRCA 1/2-negative patients choose to proceed with comprehensive testing for genetic mutations that increase cancer risk, and when presented with counseling before and after testing, most make informed decisions and experience decreased levels of anxiety, according to new research.

Antidepressant with novel action appears safe and effective in phase 1b clinical trial
A small clinical trial of a novel antidepressant that stimulates neurogenesis -- the production of new brain cells -- shows that the compound appears to be safe and may be effective against depression.

Study suggests new way to help the immune system fight off parasite
African sleeping sickness, caused by the parasite Trypanosoma brucei, is transmitted by the tsetse fly and is fatal if left untreated.

Researchers identify key biological markers for psychotic disorders
A team of researchers led by faculty at the University of Georgia has identified a number of biological markers that make it possible to classify mental disorders with greater precision.

UMass Amherst chemist receives NSF grant to enhance 'grass to gas' biofuel technology
Auerbach is interested in converting biomass to biofuels for two reasons.

Study finds high rate of depression among resident physicians
An analysis that included more than 17,000 physicians in training finds that nearly one-third screened positive for depression or depressive symptoms during residency, according to a study in the Dec.

New study finds adult fresh pear consumers had a lower body weight than non-pear consumers
The epidemiologic study, led by Carol O'Neil of the Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, used a nationally representative analytic sample to examine the association of fresh pear consumption with nutrient intake, nutrient adequacy, diet quality, and cardiovascular risk factors in adults.

Study shows stimulation helps stroke patients
A new study involving UT Dallas researchers shows that vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) technology could help improve the lives of hundreds of thousands of people who suffer weakness and paralysis caused by strokes.

NREL research advances understanding of photoelectrodes
Scientists at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have developed a new probe that could lead to a better photoelectrochemical cell.

Smithsonian and IDB offer free e-book re tropical land management
As El Niño looms, water shortages are in the forecast for parts of Latin America next year.

New North American pterosaur is a Texan -- but flying reptile's closest cousin is English
A new species of toothy pterosaur is a native of Texas, but is strikingly similar to an English species.

Researchers to develop sensors that could harvest clean energy from traffic on Texas roads
Researchers at UTSA and Texas A&M have been awarded a $1.32 million contract from the Texas Department of Transportation to design and develop a system to harvest energy created by the movement of vehicles along the state's roadways and convert it into low-cost renewable electric power.

IBS reports a high performance nanoparticle electrocatalyst
Scientists operating out of IBS' Center for Nanoparticle Research have reported highly durable and active intermetallic platinum-iron (PtFe) nanoparticles (NPs) coated with nitrogen (N) doped carbon shell.

Rapid molecular assay may help diagnose sepsis
Measuring the levels of RNA biomarkers in blood may help quickly differentiate sepsis from infection-negative systemic inflammation, according to research published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Study links body fat, weight loss, and chromosome length in breast cancer patients
It is well documented that a healthy diet and exercise are key in cancer prevention and management, but the exact mechanism hasn't been clear.

New clinical practice guidelines recommend use of arteries rather than veins in heart bypass surgery
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons has released new clinical practice guidelines that recommend expanding the use of arteries from the chest and forearm rather than using veins from the leg when performing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery in certain patients.

Brain & Behavior Research Foundation awards NARSAD Distinguished Investigator Grants
The Brain & Behavior Research Foundation today announced the award of its Distinguished Investigator Grants valued at $1.5 million to 15 scientists, who are full professors or the equivalent, conducting innovative projects in diverse areas of neurobiological and behavioral research.

Roger that! CB radio turns digital with travelpal prototype
Turning a long road trip into an enjoyable experience for tourists has led QUT and University of Salzburg researchers to develop a mobile prototype, called TravelPal, to connect to each other in real time.

International research partnership yields discovery of a new fossil species
The discovery also reveals the unique binocular vision of the first ancient marine reptile of its kind to be found in Japan.

Poor kidney function prior to heart surgery linked with longer hospital stay, higher costs
Poor kidney function prior to heart surgery can lead to worse outcomes, higher surgical costs, and a longer hospital stay, according to an article posted online today by The Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Researchers resolve structure of a key component of bacterial decision-making
For bacteria that swim, determining whether to stay the course or head in a new direction is vital to survival.

The geography of Antarctica's underside
Scientists were able to deploy ruggidized seismometers that could withstand intense cold in Antarctica only recently.

Concerns over excessive testing of patients with type 2 diabetes
Over half of patients with controlled type 2 diabetes have many more tests than is currently recommended by national guidelines, and this has been associated with overtreatment of the condition, suggests a large US study published in The BMJ this week.

Eliminating food deserts may not achieve improved dietary quality in the US
Initiatives to eliminate food deserts, low-income geographic areas that lack access to a supermarket or large grocery store, may not have an effect on improving dietary quality or reducing disparities in diet quality according to Jason Block and S V Subramanian from Harvard University, United States, in a Policy Forum article published this week in PLOS Medicine.

New report finds 43 percent increase in ADHD diagnosis for US schoolchildren
Twelve percent of US children and teens had a diagnosis of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in 2011, a number that has jumped by 43 percent since 2003, according to a large national study based on parental reports of an ADHD diagnosis.

Five out of six women at higher risk reject drugs to prevent breast cancer
Cancer Research UK scientists have found that five in six women with increased risk of breast cancer turn down drugs likely to prevent the disease.

Human trials suggest 'rescued' drug could be safer treatment for bipolar disorder
Ebselen, abandoned as a stroke treatment, has a successful first human trial as Oxford scientists aim to repurpose it as a treatment for bipolar disorder.

Swiss foundation awards grant to Singapore-led aspirin cancer trial
Inaugural grant by Swiss-based Rising Tide Foundation for Clinical Cancer Research will support an international collaboration led by Singapore researchers at National Cancer Centre Singapore.

New discoveries redefine Angkor Wat's history
The temple of Angkor Wat was much larger and more complex than previously thought, University of Sydney archaeologists have discovered.

New schizophrenia treatments may be effective for subgroup of patients
Mounting evidence indicates that disturbances in the brain's glutamate pathway contribute to symptoms of schizophrenia.

PolyU develops novel intelligent transportation system for personalized reliable driving routes
The Department of Civil and Environment Engineering of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University has developed a novel intelligent transportation system, utilizing integrated algorithm for real-time journey time estimation.

Breeding confident mink can have side benefits
When you select for confident mink in the breeding program, you may also be breeding for a better fur quality according to a study from Aarhus University.

Plant-inspired power plants
A team of chemical engineers at the University of Pittsburgh recently identified the two main factors for determining the optimal catalyst for turning atmospheric CO2 into liquid fuel.

Flu vaccine unlikely to trigger reaction in children with egg allergy and asthma
The children's flu vaccine is unlikely to trigger an allergic reaction in those with egg allergy, finds a study in The BMJ today.

Research looks at impact of hedge fund activism
Hedge fund activism often initially bolsters the target company but new research has found that it weakens the competition, which may hurt innovation and the larger economy.

Aspirin use does not improve outcomes for cancer patients, but may lower breast density
Aspirin does not appear to be protective or associated with improved clinical outcomes or survival among breast cancer patients with aggressive disease, the researchers of one study report.

NCAR develops method to predict sea ice changes years in advance
Climate scientists at NCAR present evidence in a new study that they can predict whether the Arctic sea ice that forms in the winter will grow, shrink, or hold its own over the next several years.

Fed. regulations should be strengthened to prepare for potential spills of diluted bitumen
The US Department of Transportation needs to modify its regulations and planning in order to strengthen preparedness for accidental spills of diluted bitumen from pipelines, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Portable device can quickly determine the extent of an eye injury
An engineer and an ophthalmologist are developing a portable sensor that can quickly and inexpensively determine whether an eye injury is mild or severe.

Fighting liver fibrosis, the wound that never heals
Salk team develops drug that prevents and reverses deadly liver damage in mice.

New tool can help increase soil carbon content and thereby improve soil fertility
Agricultural soil is the basis for our crop production and should be carefully managed to maintain its fertility.

Overtesting for diabetes patients reaps negative rewards
In a study released online today in The BMJ, researchers from Mayo Clinic report a national trend toward overtesting glycated hemoglobin levels in adult patients with type 2 diabetes.

DFG congratulates pneumologist on winning the 2015 Deutscher Zukunftspreis
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft has congratulated Giessen-based pneumologist Professor Dr. Ardeschir Ghofrani on winning the 2015 Deutscher Zukunftspreis, the Federal President's award for innovation in science and technology.

Scientists explain origin of heavy elements in the Universe
In a letter published in the prestigious journal Nature Physics, a team of scientists suggests a solution to the Galactic radioactive plutonium puzzle.

Top gynecologists oppose FDA ruling on minimally invasive procedures for uterine fibroids
Two University of North Carolina School of Medicine physicians have joined other leading experts in gynecology and related specialties across the country in asking the Food and Drug Administration to rescind or revise a warning it issued severely restricting use of a device commonly employed in minimally invasive procedures to treat uterine fibroids.

Access to the Internet makes us less willing to say we know things
People are less willing to rely on their knowledge and say they know something when they have access to the Internet, suggesting that our connection to the web is affecting how we think.

UTSW-led study establishes biomarkers to help diagnose, treat psychosis
In a groundbreaking study led by UT Southwestern Medical Center, a comprehensive set of empirical biomarkers has been established to aid in diagnosis and treatment of psychosis.

Is seeing believing? People are not good at identifying where sights, sounds originate
Our memory can deceive us, but surely we can trust our vision and hearing, can't we?

The Lancet: Two studies from England, 20 years apart, show increase in healthy aging
Two studies conducted 20 years apart in England reveal an apparent increase in healthy ageing, or years lived healthily, reflecting less cognitive impairment; and an increase in the proportion of life lived healthily, through a larger proportion of years lived with disability but less rather than more severe disability.

Newly trained family physicians want to provide broader scope of practice
Graduating family medicine residents have indicated they intend to provide a broader scope of practice than that reported by current family physicians, including for prenatal care, inpatient care, nursing home care, home visits, and women's health procedures, according to a study in the Dec.

The Annual Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research in Russia
The annual conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research (ISIR) in St.

Lack of sleep tampers with your emotions
New research from Tel Aviv University reveals the neurological changes sleep deprivation can impose on our ability to regulate emotions and allocate brain resources for cognitive processing.

Medical student presence does not slow care in emergency departments
Despite some concern over the possible effect to patients, new research shows the presence of medical students in the Emergency Department adds less than five minutes to the average length of a patient's stay.

No treatment difference between some antidepressants and CBT for severe depression
The available evidence suggests no difference in treatment effects of second generation antidepressants and cognitive behavioral therapy either alone or in combination, for patients with major depressive disorder, finds a study in The BMJ today.

NREL estimates economically viable US renewable generation
Analysts at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) are providing, for the first time, a method for measuring the economic potential of renewable energy across the United States.

Call for police killings, police deaths to be reported as public health data
Although no reliable official data currently exist on the number of law enforcement-related deaths each year in the US, counting these deaths can and should be done because the data constitute crucial public health information that could help prevent future deaths.

UC San Diego receives Michael J. Fox Foundation grant to identify Parkinson's biomarkers
Parkinson's disease is difficult to diagnose, particularly in its early stages.

One in 4 new doctors may be depressed -- and their patients may suffer because of it
More than one in four doctors in the early stages of their careers has signs of depression, a comprehensive new study finds.

Titan helps researchers explore explosive star scenarios
A team led by Michael Zingale of Stony Brook University used the Titan supercomputer to complete a three-dimensional, high-resolution investigation of the thermonuclear burning a double-detonation white dwarf undergoes before explosion.

New program launched to advance Alzheimer's prevention research
Banner Alzheimer's Institute announced the launch of GeneMatch, a first-of-its-kind program designed to identify a large group of people interested in volunteering for Alzheimer's research studies based in part on their APOE genetic information.

Cooperating bacteria isolate cheaters
Bacteria, which reciprocally exchange amino acids, stabilize their partnership on two-dimensional surfaces and limit the access of non-cooperating bacteria to exchanged nutrients.

Telemedicine effective for patients, helps providers establish important relationships
More than 50 million Americans live in rural areas, and many have limited access to health care.

'Quasiparticles' reveal incredibly minute distortions in light waves
Researchers find new way to measure small distortions in light waves through 'quasiparticles.' This new technique advances applications in metrology and chemical sensing, and improves adaptive optics for microscopy and biomedicine.

Filling in gaps in the history of earth's magnetic field
The Marcellus Shale is famous as a formation being explored for natural gas resources.

What contributes to healthy living behaviors among children? It depends...
A special research supplement, including 16 original contributions prepared by the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment research group, a global collective of leading obesity research experts from 12 countries located on five continents.

Link between PCOS in the mother and autism in the child
Children born to mothers with polycystic ovarian syndrome, PCOS, are at an increased risk of developing autism spectrum disorders, according to a new epidemiological study from Sweden's Karolinska Institutet.

First light from Large Area X-ray Proportional Counter (LAXPC) instrument onboard ASTROSAT
First light from LAXPC has allowed us to observe Black hole X-ray binaries, Microquasars, X-ray pulsars, Active Galactic nuclei (AGN)s and Supernova remnants, providing us with very high quality data.

From food waste to food delicacies
Denmark's enormous food waste can be reduced by a more efficient use of the raw materials.

Ames Laboratory-developed titanium powder processing gains international customer base
Titanium powder created with Ames Laboratory-developed gas-atomization technology has hit the market.

New survey on Americans' views on the influence of campaign donations on political system
A majority of Americans believe that money influences decisions made by elected officials and favor full disclosure of the source of campaign donations, according to a new national survey conducted by The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research.

Medical students in emergency departments and patient length of stay
An analysis of more than 1.3 million emergency department visits found an increase in patient length of stay of approximately five minutes associated with the presence of medical students in the emergency department, which was statistically significant but likely too small to be of clinical relevance, according to a study in the Dec.

Study suggests new way to help the immune system fight off sleeping sickness parasite
There are currently few treatments for African sleeping sickness, and those that exist have substantial side effects.

Getting the most from your stretching routine
The conclusions of a systematic review of hundreds of studies contradict the most common static stretching findings from the last 15 years.

Social networks can support academic success
Social networks have been found to influence academic performance: students tend to perform better with high-performers among their friends, as some people are capable of inspiring others to try harder, according to Maria Yudkevich, Sofia Dokuka and Dilara Valeyeva of the HSE Centre for Institutional Studies.

Moving matters: Ethnocentric behavior decreases when societal mobility rises
A new study by University of Maryland researchers suggests that increased mobility may help people to treat each other as individuals rather than as members of a defined social group.

Health care for Syrian refugees: A guide for Canadian physicians
What unique health needs will Syrian refugees face, and how can Canadian physicians best provide health care to them and their families?

University of Washington announced as a final winner of Head Health Challenge II
The University of Washington has been named a final winner in the Head Health Challenge II, a collaboration among the NFL, Under Armour, and GE to identify and fund innovations that improve head health for athletes, members of the military and society at-large.

Chemicals in e-cigarette flavors linked to respiratory disease
Diacetyl, a flavoring chemical linked to cases of severe respiratory disease, was found in more than 75 percent of flavored electronic cigarettes and refill liquids tested by researchers at Harvard T.H.

Nine scientists receive EMBO Installation Grants
EMBO announces the selection of nine scientists as recipients of the 2015 Installation Grants.

One-two punch of palbociclib and paclitaxel shows promise against advanced breast cancer
Combining the new breast cancer drug palbociclib with paclitaxel (Taxol) shrank tumors in nearly half of patient with estrogen-receptor positive breast cancer, according to new research.

Alcohol aromatherapy eases nausea in the ER
Nauseated patients in the emergency department who sniffed pads saturated with isopropyl alcohol were twice as likely to obtain relief from their symptoms as nauseated patients who sniffed pads saturated with saline solution, according to a study published online today in Annals of Emergency Medicine ('Isopropyl Alcohol Nasal Inhalation for Nausea in the Emergency Department: A Randomized Controlled Trial').

Alternative stellar lifestyle: Common, curious, solved at last
Half of all stars are in binaries -- pairs of stars that orbit each other.

UCI expert among group urging accelerated reduction of greenhouse gas emissions
At the beginning of week two of the Paris climate talks, an international group of scientists is calling on the world's industrial powers to aggressively and immediately reduce greenhouse gas emissions, stressing that overreliance on so-called negative emissions technologies may prove too costly and disruptive to keep Earth from overheating.

Stratification of the severity of non alcoholic fatty liver disease
A European Consortium led by researcher James Adjaye, medical faculty of Heinrich Heine University-Duesseldorf and former Max-Planck researcher, identify a means of predicting the severity of Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) in a small cohort of patients.

Combining adult stem cells with hormone may speed bone fracture healing
A combination of adult stem cells and parathyroid hormone significantly increased new bone formation in laboratory animals and may speed the healing process for human bone fractures caused by osteoporosis, a new study shows.

Biomarkers outperform symptoms in parsing psychosis subgroups
Three biomarker-based categories, called biotypes, outperformed traditional diagnoses, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder with psychosis, in sorting psychosis cases into distinct subgroups on the basis of brain biology.

Researchers develop nanoscale probes for ssDNA sustainability under UV radiation
A team of researchers from Lehigh University, the University of Central Florida and the National Institute of Standards and Technology set out to understand the stability of DNA as a carrier of genetic information against potential damage by UV radiation.

Public health counting of US law-enforcement-related deaths could help reduce violence
A public health solution of treating all law-enforcement-related deaths as a notifiable condition, which would allow public health departments to report these data in real-time, could help to address the ongoing problem of police violence and police deaths in the United States according to Nancy Krieger and colleagues from the Harvard T.H.

World first in imaging technology developed at Lawson
Scientists at Lawson Health Research Institute, in collaboration with Ceresensa Inc., have produced the first commercial imaging product available in the world for PET/MRI scanners.

Anti-platelet therapy does not significantly reduce pain crises in sickle cell disease
Treatment with the antiplatelet agent prasugrel does not significantly reduce the rate of pain crises or severe lung complications in children with sickle cell disease, according to a report published in the New England Journal of Medicine describing one of the largest and most geographically diverse international clinical trials on sickle cell disease to date.

Innovative tissue engineering strategies to repair spinal disc herniation
New therapeutic approaches to repair herniated discs in the lumbar spine using novel tissue engineering and regenerative medicine strategies have shown promising outcomes in preclinical studies and target the underlying problem of disc injury or instability, unlike current nonsurgical and surgical treatments.

Physicians in training at high risk for depression
New research from Brigham and Women's Hospital finds that 28.8 percent of trainees screen positive for depression during their residency.

Using infrared cameras to measure sow temperature can lower piglet mortality
Early detection of fever in sows can reduce piglet mortality and the consumption of antibiotics.

FAU buy vs. rent index shows several US housing markets nearing pricing bubble territory
The latest national housing market index produced by Florida Atlantic University and Florida International University faculty indicates the housing market in several cities -- including Dallas, Denver and Houston -- is nearing pricing bubble territory.

Microplastics: Rhine one of the most polluted rivers worldwide
Between Basel and Rotterdam, the Rhine has one of the highest microplastics pollution so far measured in rivers, with the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan area showing peak numbers of up to four times the average.

SABCS15: 'Weeding the garden' with radiation while continuing breast cancer therapy
An ongoing phase IIR/III clinical trial presented at the 2015 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium seeks to answer an important question in the treatment of early metastatic breast cancer: Should surgery or stereotactic body radiation be used to 'weed the garden' of a few sites of metastasis while continuing treatment that may still be controlling the initial tumor?

Deep dive: ONR-supported research combats oxygen toxicity in navy divers
For the first time, ketone esters-oral supplements useful in epilepsy treatment-are being studied to fight seizures caused by hyperbaric oxygen toxicity, a life-threatening byproduct of breathing too much oxygen that impacts deep-water divers.

New risk score identifies link between lifestyle risk factors and mortality
A new lifestyle risk score based on six health behaviors identified two new risk factors (sedentary behavior and sleep) that can be used in addition to traditional risk factors, such as smoking and excessive alcohol use to predict risk of mortality.

UF Health researchers use gene therapy to extend estrogen's protective effects on memory
The hormone estrogen helps protect memory and promote a healthy brain, but this effect wanes as women age, and even estrogen replacement therapy stops working in humans after age 65.

Textbooks on cells should be rewritten
Ground-breaking new Danish research has shown that the current scientific description of the human cell cycle needs to be revised.

Coral reefs could be more vulnerable to coastal development than predicted
For years, many scientists thought we had a secret weapon to protect coral reefs from nutrients flushed into the seas by human activity.

Study: Text messages that end in a period seen as less sincere
A team of researchers led by Celia Klin, associate professor of psychology and associate dean at Binghamton University's Harpur College, recruited 126 Binghamton undergraduates, who read a series of exchanges that appeared either as text messages or as handwritten notes.

Living longer and healthier in mind but not in body
Women are now spending fewer years with cognitive impairment but more years with disability compared to 20 years ago, new research has revealed.

Studying soil to understand drought
A University of California, Riverside assistant professor and a team of researchers are using an often overlooked tool to fight the drought: soil.

Researchers create world's first ibuprofen patch
Researchers at the University of Warwick have worked with Coventry-based Medherant, a Warwick spinout company, to produce and patent the world's first ever ibuprofen patch delivering the drug directly through skin to exactly where it is needed at a consistent dose rate. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to