Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 09, 2015
UM study: Plants absorb less carbon dioxide than models show
While global plant growth has increased slightly during the past 30 years, researchers at the University of Montana found it hasn't increased as much as some scientists predicted.

Study measures drag from fishing gear entanglements on North Atlantic right whales
In a paper published online Dec. 9, 2015, in Marine Mammal Science, a research team led by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, has for the first time quantified the amount of drag on entangled whales that is created by towing fishing gear, such as rope, buoys, and lobster and crab traps.

New nanomanufacturing technique advances imaging, biosensing technology
Advances in nanolensing would make possible extremely high-resolution imaging or biological lensing.

It is about me
Researchers say a rising trend in narcissism is cause for retailing and manufacturing firms offering customizable products to rethink their marketing strategies.

Using 'big data' to fight flu
Thanks to 'big data', researchers have identified new molecules that are instrumental in the replication of the flu virus.

Europe injects 3 million euros into three-dimensional genomics
IRB Barcelona is to coordinate a Horizon2020 bioinformatics project that seeks to lay the groundwork for the emerging field of 3-D genomics.

Fossils reveal ancient shrublands in fiery landscape
New fossil evidence shows that Australia's fire-prone shrubland open vegetation originated at least 70 million years ago -- 40-50 million years earlier than previously thought.

Bone cancer researchers discover how to block, potentially treat osteosarcoma
Scientists at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre have discovered that blocking the master regulator of bone renewal stops osteosarcoma -- the most common primary bone cancer in children and teens, and the malignant disease that was fatal for Canadian icon Terry Fox.

Deep core of African lake gives insight to ancient lake levels, biodiversity
Syracuse Earth sciences professor Christopher Scholz and former Ph.D. student Robert Lyons have an unprecedented glimpse into the past of a lake with explosive biodiversity.

Geometric study of brain cells could change strategies on Alzheimer's
UAB researchers have found that, contrary to current thinking, astrocytes are repelled by the amyloid plaques that are linked to the disease.

After menopause, vulvovaginal troubles are common and linked with other pelvic problems
After menopause, more than half of women may have vulvovaginal symptoms that have a big impact on their lifestyle, emotions, and sex life.

The first M&A in aging bioinformatics
Insilico Medicine will integrate certain data assets and staff of InSilicoScreen, a Brussels-based Belgian bioinformatics company that focuses on dynamic signaling pathway modelling and scalable molecular simulations with the goal of slowing down or reducing aging.

Sleep-disordered breathing patients at greater risk for atrial fibrillation
Sleep-disordered breathing often predicts the development of atrial fibrillation in older men, according to US researchers.

NASA Goddard lab chief wins Maryland Chemist Award
Jason Dworkin, chief of the Astrochemistry Laboratory at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, is receiving the 2015 Maryland Chemist Award on Dec.

This week from AGU: Asteroid link to algal bloom, Earth and space data, & 3 new papers
The asteroid impact suspected of killing the dinosaurs may also have triggered a global algal bloom that contributed to a massive marine extinction more than 60 million years ago, according to a study published in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets.

UofL scientists enhance understanding of muscle repair process
UofL scientists demonstrate that the protein kinase TAK1 (transforming growth factor-B-activated kinase 1), is vital in regulating the survival and proliferation of satellite stem cells, responsible for regenerating adult skeletal muscles.

Women poor at attending even tailored cardiac rehab program sessions: York U-UHN study
Even with cardiac rehab (CR) programs tailored to their needs, women heart patients miss more than half of the sessions prescribed to them, according to a joint study by York University and the University Health Network.

Denosumab improves disease-free survival for postmenopausal patients w HR+ breast cancer
Adding denosumab to adjuvant aromatase inhibitor therapy improved disease-free survival for postmenopausal patients with early-stage, hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer, according to results from the phase III ABCSG-18 clinical trial presented at the 2015 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held Dec.

Research leads to first puppies born by in vitro fertilization
For the first time, a litter of puppies was born by in vitro fertilization, thanks to work by Cornell University researchers.

Adding carboplatin to presurgery chemo improved disease-free survival for patients with TNBC
Adding carboplatin to presurgery chemotherapy improved disease-free survival for patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), according to results from the randomized phase II GeparSixto clinical trial presented at the 2015 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held Dec.

Researchers work to fingerprint hydrofracking water quality
A Syracuse University study aims to develop new tools to detect possible groundwater contamination associated with shale-bed methane production in the Appalachian Basin.

Which college students are likely candidates for risky sex?
A University of Illinois study suggests a significant link between instability in the lives of college-age young adults and the likelihood that they will engage in risky sex.

Depressed Pinterest users suffer from lack of positive messages, UGA study finds
Despite the large number of posts on visual social media platforms that suggest -- and fuel -- depressing or suicidal thoughts, there aren't many for users to read and share that would help them cope with their mental state more proactively, a University of Georgia study finds.

Genomic sequencing finds common link in congenital heart and brain disorders
Researchers have found a number of genetic mutations that explain why many children with congenital heart disease also have other significant health challenges, including neurodevelopmental disorders and other congenital problems.

EGPAF launches new USAID-funded project to expand integrated HIV services in Uganda
The Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation (EGPAF) today announced the launch of a new project to enhance integrated HIV service delivery in the southwest region of Uganda.

An increase in alcohol tax appears to have decreased gonorrhea rates in Maryland
Increasing state alcohol taxes could help prevent sexually transmitted infections, such as gonorrhea, according to University of Florida Health researchers, who found that gonorrhea rates decreased by 24 percent in Maryland after the state increased its sales tax on alcohol in 2011.

Proliferation of pulmonary endothelial cells is controlled by small RNA fragments
Uncontrolled proliferation of endothelial cells in small pulmonary arteries is a key feature in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension.

NJIT dean awarded a prestigious Fulbright Award
Katia Passerini, dean of the Albert Dorman Honors College, received a Fulbright International Education Administrators award -- an honor given to the nation's top university administrators.

Witnessing drug use can spur immediate antisocial behavior by teens
Seeing others drink alcohol or use drugs makes it more likely that teenagers will engage in antisocial behavior on the same day, according to new findings from Duke University.

Less than half of US hospitals require flu shots for staff -- despite risk to patients
Within weeks, flu will start spreading. Multiple national recommendations urge all healthcare workers to get the influenza vaccination, to reduce the chances they will pass the virus on to their patients.

What computers won't tell you about ecological and evolutionary dynamics
In a paper published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Rasmus Ibsen-Jensen, postdoc at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria) together with IST Austria Professor Krishnendu Chatterjee and Professor Martin A.

Is stroke prevention taking a back seat to stroke treatment?
Many strokes that required immediate treatment in emergency rooms may have been preventable, according to a University of California, Irvine study.

New understanding of how shape and form develop in nature
Researchers have identified a new mechanism that drives the development of form and structure, through the observation of artificial materials that shape-shift through a wide variety of forms which are as complex as those seen in nature.

Scientists discover 'white whale' fossil
A 15-million-year-old fossil sperm whale specimen from California belongs to a new genus, according to a study published Dec.

Stereotypes around aging can negatively impact memory and hearing
A study led by researchers at the University of Toronto shows that when older adults feel negatively about aging, they may lack confidence in their abilities to hear and remember things, and perform poorly at both.

Many health professionals lack knowledge and guidelines on female genital mutilation
More resources and evidence-based guidelines are needed by health practitioners internationally to provide culturally sensitive medical and psychological treatment for women and girls that have had female genital mutilation or cutting, according to a systematic review of the evidence published today in the open access journal BMC International Health and Human Rights.

Funding in the millions: Three scientists of TU Dresden have been awarded with ERC Starting Grants
Three scientists from TU Dresden have succeeded to raise Starting Grants of the European Research Council in 2015.

Cancer patients' access to minimally invasive hysterectomies remains persistently limited
A new study led by Johns Hopkins researchers shows wide racial and economic disparities in access to minimally invasive hysterectomies for early uterine cancer in the United States.

New details on link between epilepsy and suicide attempt
Scientists report new details into the link between epilepsy and suicidal behavior, finding suicide attempts -- whether a first attempt or a recurrent attempt -- are associated with new onset epilepsy in the absence of antiepileptic drug prescriptions and a diagnosis of psychiatric disorder, further strengthening the evidence that there is an underlying commonality.

Feeding food waste to pigs could save vast swathes of threatened forest and savannah
New research suggests that feeding our food waste, or swill, to pigs (currently banned under EU law) could save 1.8 million hectares of global agricultural land -- an area roughly half the size of Germany, including hundreds of thousands of acres of South America's biodiverse forests and savannahs -- and provide a use for the 100 million tonnes of food wasted in the EU each year.

Nanostructured metal coatings let the light through for electronic devices
Light and electricity dance a complicated tango in devices like LEDs, solar cells and sensors.

University of Tennessee receives $1 million to fight childhood obesity
The USDA recently announced that the University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture and UT Knoxville will receive a $1 million grant to create a regional Nutrition Education and Obesity Prevention Center of Excellence to strengthen Supplemental Nutrition Assistant Program Education and Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program educational programming for low-income children and families.

What 2015 reveals about trends in the pharmaceutical industry
As the year comes to an end, a survey of the hottest pharma news stories from the past year illustrates industry trends from megadeals to drug approvals.

Imaging test detects aggressive and treatment-resistant cancers
Scientists have developed a new imaging test that could enable doctors to identify more dangerous tumors before they spread around the body -- and tailor treatment accordingly.

Climate outlook may be worse than feared, global study suggests
The impact of climate change may be worse than previously thought, a new study suggests.

Hospital safety culture critical in improving surgical results
To achieve better results for surgical patients, hospitals tend to focus on technical issues like surgeons' skills and operating room equipment.

Pesticide found in milk decades ago may be associated with signs of Parkinson's
A pesticide used prior to the early 1980s and found in milk at that time may be associated with signs of Parkinson's disease in the brain, according to a study published in the Dec.

It's all about polarity
Sharing is a concept that applies to cells; they need to share information during cell division to function properly.

Lifestyle intervention helps women with gestational diabetes reach weight loss goals
A diabetes prevention program administered within the nation's largest, integrated health care system was effective in helping women with a history of gestational diabetes reach weight loss goals and increase physical activity following the birth of their children, according to a new Kaiser Permanente study published online today in the journal Diabetes Care.

Gut bacteria make pomegranate metabolites that may protect against Alzheimer's disease
In a quest to stay healthy, many people are seeking natural ways to prevent neurodegenerative diseases.

Imbalanced gender ratios could affect views about casual sex and hook-up culture
The greater proportion of women than men on college campuses may contribute to a hook-up culture where women are more willing to engage in casual sex and are more aggressive toward other desirable women who are perceived as rivals, according to new research published by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology.

TET proteins help maintain genome integrity
Members of the TET (short for ten-eleven translocation) family have been known to function as tumor suppressors for many years, but how they keep a lid on the uncontrolled cell proliferation of cancer cells had remained uncertain.

Flushed resource restores ecosystem
Every city has abandoned industrial sites. Encouraging life to return to these barren areas is a challenge.

Eyes and a citrus smell could help cut hospital infections
Just 15 percent of staff and visitors washed hands at a hospital.

New method allows scientists to screen natural products for antibiotics
Biologists at UC San Diego have found that a method they developed to identify and characterize new antibiotics can be employed to screen natural products quickly for compounds capable of controlling antibiotic resistant bacteria.

Better understanding of cell renewal and cellular quality control
The German Research Foundation has approved €11 million for the next four years for establishing a CRC on selective autophagy under the lead of Goethe University.

Armstrong, Dasgupta named to Analytical Scientist Power List 2015
Two prominent University of Texas at Arlington professors of chemistry and biochemistry, Daniel W.

Bullying exposure associated with adult psychiatric disorders requiring treatment
Exposure to bullying as a child was associated with psychiatric disorders in adulthood that required treatment in a study of Finnish children, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Racial disparities found in major surgeries at quality-improvement hospitals
Considerable racial disparities exist in surgical outcomes for black and Hispanic patients undergoing major cancer and non-cancer surgeries in US hospitals, even among institutions that have already enrolled in a national surgical quality improvement initiative.

How bad does it hurt? New research helps children suffering from chronic pain conditions
Interdisciplinary research ultimately aims to help the medical profession better gauge and treat chronic pain such as arthritis in children.

Biosensor technology will visualize movement of phosphate from soil fungi to plant roots
Boyce Thompson Insitute scientist Maria Harrison will collaborate with Wayne Versaw of Texas A&M University to create a new imaging system to visualize and measure the movement of phosphate from soil fungi into plant root cells in a $1.2 million DOE-funded project.

Quantum physics problem proved unsolvable
A mathematical problem underlying fundamental questions in particle and quantum physics is provably unsolvable, according to scientists at UCL, Universidad Complutense de Madrid -- ICMAT and Technical University of Munich.

Linguists discover the best word order for giving directions
Sentences with the word order 'landmark first-target second' are more effective for direction-giving that sentences with the reverse order.

Can RA-223 improve Enzalutamide efficacy for early castration resistant prostate cancer?
For men with advanced disease, the objective is to control the disease while maintaining quality of life.

Physics of wrapping miniature droplets takes cue from street foods
Professor Joseph Paulsen researches soft condensed matter physics or,

Genomic analysis sheds light on Ebola virus disease outbreak in Liberia
Scientists have performed the first comprehensive genomic analysis of Ebola virus sequences from Liberia, one of three countries widely affected by the devastating outbreak that began in 2013 in Western Africa.

NCAR to develop wildland fire prediction system for Colorado
Building on years of research with specialized computer models and satellite observations, NCAR will work with the state of Colorado to establish the nation's most advanced system for predicting wildland fire behavior, including where and how quickly the blazes will spread.

US capability for treating ebola outbreak appears sufficient but limited
The United States has sufficient capacity for treating another outbreak of the Ebola virus, but financial, staffing and resource challenges remain a hurdle for many hospitals and health systems attempting to maintain dedicated treatment centers for highly infectious diseases, according to new study released today.

Capecitabine improved outcomes for breast cancer patients with disease after presurgery chemo
Treatment with the chemotherapy agent capecitabine increased disease-free survival for women with HER2-negative breast cancer that was not eliminated by presurgery chemotherapy, according to results from the phase III CREATE-X clinical trial presented at the 2015 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held Dec.

Toward a faster, more efficient way to sniff out explosives
Explosives detection is important for ensuring the safety of public spaces, transportation and water systems, but it can be challenging to carry out.

In short children, a study highlights parents' concerns, reframes a long-running debate
Is short stature a problem? When it doesn't result from an underlying disease, does it justify giving a child nightly injections of human growth hormone?

A DNA analysis of ballast water detects invasive species
The German research vessel Polarstern covers thousands of kilometers in search of samples of biological material.

University contributes to new advances in cancer diagnosis
A University of Warwick computer scientist is working with technology that could revolutionise how some cancers are diagnosed.

Triceratops gets a cousin: Researchers identify another horned dinosaur species
Researchers have described a new species of plant-eating dinosaur, Hualianceratops wucaiwanensis, that stood on its hind feet and was about the size of a spaniel.

Behavioral problems in youths are associated with differences in the brain
Young people with behavioral problems, such as antisocial and aggressive behavior, show reduced grey matter volume in a number of areas of the brain, according to a new study published in JAMA Psychiatry.

A gold standard to improve cancer genome analysis
When various labs are investigating cancer genomes, their results can show significant variations, scientists from the International Cancer Genome Consortium found out in an interlaboratory test.

Bold new Journal Healthcare Transformation launched Dec. 8, 2015
Healthcare Transformation, a new peer-reviewed open access journalzine published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., released its inaugural issue yesterday at the 13th Annual Jefferson University Gala at Jefferson University, Philadelphia.

How Ebola spread in Western Africa, 2014-2015
Late in 2013, a novel variant of the Ebola virus emerged in Western Africa to start what would become the largest human epidemic on record.

Iceland volcano's eruption shows how sulfur particles influence clouds
The long, slow 2014 eruption of Iceland's Bardarbunga volcano offers a testbed to show how sulfur emissions, from volcanoes or humans, act to brighten clouds and reflect more sunlight.

Heart injury reduced after bariatric surgery but not lifestyle intervention
Heart function in morbidly obese patients returns to normal after bariatric surgery but not after lifestyle intervention, reveals research published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

Mass. General study examines how patient's unmet needs impact their health and health care
A study of patients seen at two primary care practices at Massachusetts General Hospital has identified specific unmet socioeconomic needs that can interfere with the quality of care patients receive.

Building the foundations for cancer genomic analysis for research and clinical diagnostics
A study published in the prestigious journal Nature Communications revealed a high degree of heterogeneity in how cancer genome sequencing is done at different institutions across the globe.

How skates and rays got their wings
The evolution of the striking, wing-like pectoral fins of skates and rays relied on repurposed genes, according to new research by scientists from the University of Chicago.

Mount Sinai researchers develop tool to determine function of MicroRNAs
As microRNA biology has been implicated in everything from the development of cancer to virus infections, a new tool developed by scientists at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai holds tremendous potential to develop new therapies that involve these small regulatory fragments of RNA.

Reilly Center releases its annual top 10 list of ethical dilemmas in science
The John J. Reilly Center for Science, Technology, and Values at the University of Notre Dame has released its fourth annual list of emerging ethical dilemmas and policy issues in science and technology for 2016.

AAOS releases criteria for treating pediatric patients with knee osteochondritis dissecans
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons today released Appropriate Use Criteria to assist in the treatment and rehabilitation of pediatric patients with osteochondritis dissecans of the femoral condyle, also known as OCD knee.

Improved tools for structured matrix computations
To design and analyse a model of a mechanical system such as an electrical network or a chemical reaction process is often a complex problem that requires high-quality mathematical theories and computational tools.

Women with luminal A subtype of breast cancer did not benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy
Premenopausal women whose invasive breast cancers were of the luminal A subtype had comparable 10-year disease-free survival rates regardless of whether or not they received adjuvant chemotherapy, according to data from the phase III DBCG77B clinical trial presented at the 2015 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held Dec.

Erasing fear: A one-session treatment for phobia?
A new study published in the latest issue of Biological Psychiatry reports the successful and instant reduction of fear in spider-fearful participants following a two-minute exposure combined with a single dose of a regular pharmacological treatment.

Nanotech drug delivery shows promise for improved melanoma treatment
Researchers have developed a new three-drug delivery system for cancer treatment, especially metastatic melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer -- and shown that the system may have particular value with cancers like this that often spread through the lymphatic system.

Well-preserved skeleton reveals the ecology and evolution of early carnivorous mammals
Prior to the rise of modern day mammalian carnivores, North America was dominated by a now extinct group of mammalian carnivores, hyaenodontids.

Computing with time travel
Why send a message back in time, but lock it so that no one can ever read the contents?

AAOS recommends specific treatment, rehabilitation for elderly patients with hip fractures
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Board of Directors recently approved Appropriate Use Criteria for treatment and rehabilitation of elderly patients with hip fractures, in addition to postoperative direction to help prevent fractures from recurring.

SABCS15: Promising phase 1 results lead to phase 2 for ONT-380 in HER2+ breast cancer
Results of an ongoing phase 1b clinical trial presented today at the 2015 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium show promise of the experimental anti-cancer agent ONT-380 against metastatic HER2+ breast cancer, especially against brain metastases commonly associated with progression of the disease.

Redesigning inpatient care: Transforming health care one unit at a time
An innovative inpatient care model utilizing multidisciplinary accountable care teams reduced hospital stays and lowered costs even beyond those associated with fewer days of hospitalization, according to a new study published in the December 2015 issue of the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

Could metal particles be the clean fuel of the future?
Metal powders, produced using clean primary energy sources, could provide a more viable long-term replacement for fossil fuels than other widely discussed alternatives, such as hydrogen, biofuels or batteries, according to a study in the Dec.

INRS professor José Azaña elected Optical Society Fellow
INRS professor José Azaña of the Énergie Matériaux Télécommunication Research Centre has been elected Fellow by the Optical Society in recognition of his remarkable contributions to the advancement of ultrafast photonics, particularly in the areas of integrated waveguide technologies and compact fiber optics devices.

Pathologic complete response to presurgery chemo improves survival for patients with TNBC
Patients with stage 2 or stage 3 triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) who had a pathologic complete response (pCR) after presurgery chemotherapy had increased event-free and overall survival compared with those who had more than minimal residual invasive disease at surgery following presurgery chemotherapy, according to results from the randomized phase II CALGB/Alliance 40603 clinical trial presented at the 2015 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held Dec.

Smoking in pregnancy 'affects boys' fitness in later life'
Mothers who smoke are putting more than their own health at risk, suggests a study published today in BJOG: an International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

Superhydrophobic coating protects without the price
A new superhydrophobic material developed by scientists at Rice University and the University of Swansea is nontoxic, economical and shows promise to replace more expensive and hazardous materials used for waterproofing.

Plus-sized models in advertising linked to rising obesity rates: Study
The increasing use of plus-sized models in advertising campaigns may be contributing to growing rates of obesity, suggests a new study from Simon Fraser University's Beedie School of Business and published in the Journal of Public Policy & Marketing.

'Ornamental' faced ceratopsian found in China
Scientists describe a new, ~160 million year-old ceratopsian dinosaur with 'ornamental' texture on the skull from the Late Jurassic period in China, according to a study published Dec.

ADSA announces new sections for Journal of Dairy Science
The American Dairy Science Association announced new sections for its scholarly publication, Journal of Dairy Science, in its December issue.

Electrically induced arrangement improves bacteria detectors
Viruses that attack bacteria -- bacteriophages -- can be fussy: they only inject their genetic material into the bacteria that suit them.

VLT revisits a curious cosmic collision
The spectacular aftermath of a 360 million year old cosmic collision is revealed in great detail in new images from ESO's Very Large Telescope at the Paranal Observatory.

Have sex workers revealed a connection between semen exposure and HIV resistance?
In a new study, scientists at The Wistar Institute have found that continued semen exposure in these sex workers sustains changes in the cervical and vaginal microenvironment in a way that may actually increase HIV-1 resistance.

'Hijacking' and hibernating parasite could alter brain behavior
Melbourne researchers have discovered how a common parasite hijacks host cells and stockpiles food so it can lie dormant for decades, possibly changing its host's behavior or personality in the process.

Scientific presentations at SABCS15 highlight new data on myRisk Hereditary Cancer test
Myriad will highlight three scientific presentations related to its myRisk Hereditary Cancer test at the 2015 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium Dec.

Teresensis' bromeliad treefrog found in Brazil
A new tree frog species, Dendropsophus bromeliaceus, spends its tadpole stage in pooled water that collects in bromeliad plants in the Brazilian Atlantic forest, according to a study published Dec.

A new sensor to detect physiological levels of nitrate and nitrite
A team led by Professor Takafumi Uchida has created a new technique for visualizing the dynamics of nitrate (NO3-) and nitrite (NO2-), both markers of nitric oxide in a cell.

Discovery shows how herpes simplex virus reactivates in neurons to trigger disease
When we get cold sores, the reason is likely related to stress.

Students report high levels of hazardous drinking, CAMH survey finds
Canada's longest-running study of drug use among Ontario students in Grades 7-12 shows binge drinking remains high, e-cigarettes are used more often than cigarettes, and more than 25 percent of students are allowed to drink at home with friends.

Air pollutions control policies effective in improving downwind air quality
Emissions controls on coal-fired power plants are making a difference in reducing exposure of mercury to people, especially in the western Maryland community.

Cancer risk myth debunked
A recent study published in Science by Tomasetti and Vogelstein suggests that variations in terms of cancer risk among tissues from various organs in the body merely amount to pure bad luck.

Drugs prevent heart damage during breast cancer treatment, study shows
Clinical trial shows heart medications prevent damage during chemotherapy for patients with breast cancer.

Satellite animation shows series of storms pummel Pacific Northwest
An animation of satellite imagery over the course of 10 days shows a series of low pressure areas pummeling the Pacific Northwest.

Nanolive launches the ultimate live cell imaging tool at ASCB2015 in San Diego
Nanolive launches the 3-D Cell Explorer at ASCB2015 in San Diego.

Health professionals lack knowledge about female genital mutilation
Health practitioners need more resources and expert guidelines to provide appropriate medical and psychological treatment for women and girls that have had female genital mutilation or cutting, says a new review of the evidence by University of Sydney scholars.

Is chemical exposure in mothers, babies, linked to poor vaccine response?
Early life exposures to toxic chemicals such as PCBs and DDT dampen an infant's response to the tuberculosis vaccine, according to a new study from the University of Rochester Environmental Health Sciences Center.

Detecting and identifying explosives with single test
A new test for detecting multiple explosives simultaneously has been developed by UCL scientists.

Pilot study reveals storm response of offshore lighthouses
The unseen responses of remote offshore lighthouse during severe storm conditions have been revealed in a new study by Plymouth University.

Using 'big data' to combat influenza
Team of scientists from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute among those who combined large genomic and proteomic datasets to identify novel host targets to treat flu.

Low wages not education to blame for skills gap
Low wages rather than inadequate training are to blame for the STEM skills gap, according to research from the University of Warwick.

AAOS releases guidelines for surgical treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons today introduced a new clinical practice guideline for adults undergoing surgery to improve motion and relieve pain caused by osteoarthritis of the knee.

Forty years of data on furthest-migrating warbler reveals new insights
Tiny blackpoll warblers have the longest migratory route of any New World warbler, making a nonstop flight over the Atlantic Ocean each fall from New England to northern South America each year, but a study forthcoming in The Auk: Ornithological Advances shows that individuals that breed in western North America migrate east first to fatten up before migrating across the water.

Bacteriorhodopsin crystals consume their smaller counterparts
A group of biophysicists from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) and their international colleagues have studied the crystallization of molecules of the membrane protein bacteriorhodopsin.

UT Dallas researchers study mindset of Hong Kong voters
UT Dallas political scientists are studying voter attitudes and behavior in Hong Kong elections, providing some of the first data on that city's public attitudes about electoral democracy.

'Al dente' fibers could make bulletproof vests stronger and 'greener'
Bulletproof vests and other super-strong materials could soon become even tougher and more environmentally friendly at the same time with the help of extra firm, or 'al dente,' fibers.

The Lancet: Happiness and unhappiness have no direct effect on mortality
A study of a million UK women, published today in The Lancet, has shown that happiness itself has no direct effect on mortality, and that the widespread but mistaken belief that unhappiness and stress directly cause ill health came from studies that had simply confused cause and effect.

Recently approved heart drug poses potential risk to brain & eye, Temple researcher warns
Patients with mild heart failure stand to benefit from a new drug that can halt the progression of their disease and reduce their risk of cardiovascular-related death.

Plants cope with climate change at genetic level
Climate change can influence everything from pine beetle outbreaks in the Rocky Mountains to rising sea levels in Papua New Guinea.

Minerals from Papua New Guinea hold secret for recycling of noble gases
A new study by Suzanne Baldwin, the Michael G. and Susan T. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to