Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 15, 2015
Low cost, safe and accurate test could help diagnose rare childhood cancers
A non-invasive, low cost blood test that could help doctors diagnose some types of malignant childhood tumour has been developed by researchers at the University of Cambridge and Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge University Health NHS Foundation Trust.

Treatment strategy protects children who receive liver transplants from hepatitis b-infected donors
Transplants from Hepatitis B-Infected Donors Researchers have found that a prophylaxis treatment can prevent new-onset hepatitis B in children who receive liver transplants from donors who were previously infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) but had successfully cleared the virus.

Shingles increases short-term risk of stroke in older adults
More than 95 percent of the world's adult population is infected with the virus that causes chickenpox.

An invitation to Europe's largest forum on breast cancer
What is EBCC? The most exciting breast cancer conference in Europe, it is the only one that involves all the major players in breast cancer.

RateX: TUM team wins a Bell Labs Prize
Three young researchers from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have won a prestigious Bell Labs Prize, tied for third place in a global competition in information and communications technology.

Small satellites to pave way for future space-borne weather observations
Colorado State University researchers are creating the next generation of environmental monitoring satellites, at a hundredth the typical size and weight scale.

How recurrent strep A infections affect the brain
Researchers have discovered how immune cells triggered by recurrent Strep A infections enter the brain, causing inflammation that may lead to autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders in children.

Social stress: Brain circuitry fails to connect in children with autism
The holidays can be difficult for children with autism spectrum disorder, particularly because of new or different social situations.

Gamma rays from distant galaxy tell story of an escape
A flare of very high-energy gamma rays emitted from a galaxy halfway across the universe has put new bounds on the amount of background light in the universe and given astrophysicists clues to how and where such gamma rays are produced.

Light pollution a threat to annual coral spawning
University of Queensland research has pinpointed artificial light as a threat to coral reproduction, in a discovery that will help guide reef and marine ecosystem protection plans.

University of Houston scientist named to National Academy of Inventors
A University of Houston scientist has been named a Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors in recognition of her work in drug development.

Turning point of a lifetime
For the first time, scientists can observe the first two to three days of a mouse embryo's life, thanks to a new light sheet microscope developed at EMBL.

Prof Helen Lu wins $1.125M grant on new tissue engineering approach to rotator cuff repair
Biomedical Engineering Professor Helen H. Lu has won a three-year $1.125 million grant from the Department of Defense for her research on tendon-to-bone integration for rotator cuff repair.

Forensic psychiatric patients and staff view the effects of mental illness differently
Offenders sentenced to forensic psychiatric care do not consider their mental illness to be the main reason for their crime.

Study finds that aging warps our perception of time
A recent study from the University of Waterloo found that seniors have a harder time distinguishing the order of events than younger adults.

Possible mechanism for specific symptoms in bipolar disorder discovered
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet, and the Sahlgrenska Academy at Gothenburg University in Sweden have identified a gene variant linked to psychotic symptoms and cognitive impairment in people with bipolar disorder.

Type of electromagnetic field therapy improves survival for patients with brain tumor
Early research indicates that the use of tumor-treating fields, a type of electromagnetic field therapy, along with chemotherapy in patients with a brain tumor who had completed standard chemoradiation resulted in prolonged progression-free and overall survival, according to a study in the Dec.

Female sex cannibals not angry, just picky: Spider study finds
The female raft spider -- often accused of indiscriminate aggression for cannibalising her potential suitors -- is actually testing the worth of her mates, a new study suggests.

Researchers find what makes 'black market' water vendors work more reliably and fairly
Many people depend on 'black market' water vendors to survive, and that situation seems unlikely to change for numerous urban poor communities in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

Diseases that cause skin problems also can trigger serious neurological conditions
Diseases such as lupus that cause rashes and other skin problems also can trigger migraine headaches, strokes and other serious neurological conditions, according to an article in a new volume of the Handbook of Clinical Neurology.

Researchers take first step in precision medicine for penile cancer
Researchers have identified potential genetic alterations in penile cancer that could pave the way for targeted treatments.

Baby fish will be lost at sea in acidified oceans
The ability of baby fish to find a home, or other safe haven, to grow into adulthood will be severely impacted under predicted ocean acidification, University of Adelaide research has found.

Herpes zoster is linked to increased rates of both stroke and myocardial infarction
Herpes zoster (also called 'shingles') is linked to a transient increased risk of stroke and myocardial infarction in the months following initial zoster diagnosis, according to a study published by Caroline Minassian and colleagues from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK, published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

'Freak' ocean waves hit without warning, new research shows
New research demonstrates that rogue waves in deep oceans emerge suddenly and have long crests, backing up anecdotal evidence from mariners who speak of 'walls of water'.

Star Wars science: Lightsabers, lasers and force fields (video)
Star Wars VII: The Force Awakens hits movie screens this week with its intense plot, edge-of-your-seat action scenes and, of course, lots of lightsabers.

In aging, one size does not fit all
New research from the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) provides a suite of measurements that could replace conventional measures of age, supporting smarter policies for retirement and health care.

UTA examines motivations behind adult learners' engineering degree pursuit
UTA College of Education professors explore adult learners' motivations for transferring from a community college to a four-year university to pursue a bachelor's degree in engineering.

Interactions between attention-grabbing brain networks weak in ADHD, study says
Interactions between three brain networks that help people pay attention are weaker than normal in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, according to a new study from the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Little or no July effect in neurosurgery
Using data on 30-day postoperative morbidity and mortality from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database, the authors examined whether there is a 'July effect' in neurosurgery.

UMass Amherst wildlife biologist wins National Conservation Award
Katherine Zeller, a doctoral candidate in environmental conservation at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, recently won a Switzer Environmental Fellowship from the Robert and Patricia Switzer Foundation of Belfast, Maine, for her research on developing effective corridors for wildlife between protected areas and wildlife populations.

Clemson scientist unravels the mysteries of a beetle that lived a million centuries ago
By studying a remarkable fossil, a Clemson University scientist and his German counterparts are unraveling the secrets of an ancient beetle that wandered the Earth almost 100 million years ago.

Researchers investigate mental health of teens after dad leaves
Family breakdown and the insecure financial situation that may result is more likely to cause worry, anxiety and depressive symptoms in adolescents who are separated from their father, says Professor Jennifer O'Loughlin of the University of Montreal.

NASA's GPM measured Super Typhoon Melor's heavy rainfall
Super-Typhoon Melor moved through the central and northern Philippines and dropped heavy rainfall on Dec.

New results from LUX
The world's most sensitive dark matter detector gets better, thanks to a team effort at UCSB.

New patent on synthetic molecules brings researchers closer to therapeutic approach for gum disease
University of Louisville researchers recently received a patent on a synthetic biochemical compound and its variants, moving science closer to a treatment for gum disease.

First serotonin neurons made from human stem cells
Su-Chun Zhang, a pioneer in developing neurons from stem cells at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, has created a specialized nerve cell that makes serotonin, a signaling chemical with a broad role in the brain.

Industry-financed clinical trials on the rise, as number of NIH-funded trials falls
Since 2006, the number of industry-sponsored clinical trials studying the benefits and harms of medical treatments has risen dramatically, while the number of clinical trials funded by the National Institutes of Health has fallen substantially, according to new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research.

Let go my info: People are info-egoists when it comes to their privacy
People are much more concerned about sharing their own private information with third-party app developers than they are about revealing their friends' data, according to Penn State researchers.

Pitt researcher Judith Yang earns $1.5 million in NSF funding to Investigate Oxidation
Judith Chun-Hsu Yang, PhD, professor of chemical and petroleum engineering at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering, received two grants from the National Science Foundation (NSF) for research that will challenge classical theories of oxidation.

Saline water better than soap and water for cleaning wounds, researchers find
Researchers found that very low water pressure was an acceptable, low-cost alternative for washing out open fractures, and that the reoperation rate was higher in the group that used soap.

Newer cancer drug may help protect kidneys from damage caused by older drug
A class of drugs used increasingly to help fight cancer may have the additional benefit of protecting the kidneys when packaged with the powerful chemotherapy agent cisplatin.

Sepsis: Cell therapy to repair muscle long-term impairment
Scientists from the Institut Pasteur, Paris Descartes University, Sainte-Anne Hospital and the CNRS have recently published a paper in Nature Communications in which they reveal mayor players in the severe muscle damage caused by sepsis, or septicemia, which explains why many patients suffer debilitating muscle impairment long-term after recovery.

FAU researchers find new mechanism cells use to eat each other before they become toxic
Just like PAC-MAN® gobbles through a maze of dots eating and destroying its aggressors, researchers at FAU have revealed for the first time how a similar mechanism in the eye lens does exactly the same thing.

Fuel economy improvements in US climate commitment on par with 1970s gains
To hold up its end of the landmark climate deal signed in Paris last week, the US will need to make cars and trucks of the future far more fuel efficient.

Pill that targets gut receptor treats fatty liver disease, obesity in mice
A bile acid that can turn off a receptor in the gut has prevented and reversed fatty liver disease in mice, according to an international team of researchers.

East Antarctic Ice Sheet has stayed frozen for 14 million years, Penn team reports
In a new study in Scientific Reports, University of Pennsylvania researchers use an innovative technique to date one of Antarctica's ancient lake deposits.

Georgia Tech researchers demonstrate how the brain can handle so much data
Researchers at Georgia Tech discovered that humans can categorize data using less than 1 percent of the original information, and validated an algorithm to explain human learning -- a method that also can be used for machine learning, data analysis and computer vision.

NASA's Fermi satellite kicks off a blazar-detecting bonanza
A long time ago in a galaxy half the universe away, a flood of high-energy gamma rays began its journey to Earth.

Building blocks for GaN power switches
A team of engineers from Cornell University, the University of Notre Dame and the semiconductor company IQE has created gallium nitride (GaN) power diodes capable of serving as the building blocks for future GaN power switches -- with applications spanning nearly all electronics products and electricity distribution infrastructures.

Steps for launching a lifetime of career success
The book 'Now What, Grad?' helps students and recent graduates answer the title question with practical tips and useful stories drawn from the author's own rich career as well as from the lived experience of many of his students.

Patients can safely self-administer long-term IV antibiotics, reducing hospital stays
Uninsured patients can be trained to safely and efficiently self-administer long-term intravenous antibiotics, UT Southwestern Medical Center physicians have found, a result that may have profound implications for patient treatment at public hospitals across the country.

There's an app for that: An easy, fast and reliable way to record causes of death
Researchers have developed a revolutionary new app to capture accurate global cause of death data on tablets and mobile phones.

Active and passive smoking linked to infertility and earlier menopause
Active and passive smoking are linked to infertility problems and a hastening of the natural menopause before the age of 50, finds a large study published online in the journal Tobacco Control.

Not 'junk' anymore: Obscure DNA has key role in stroke damage
A study of rats released today shows that blocking a type of RNA produced by what used to be called 'junk DNA' can prevent a significant portion of the neural destruction that follows a stroke.

Decrease seen in newly registered NIH-funded trials
From 2006 through 2014, there was a decrease in newly registered NIH-funded trials, whereas industry-funded trials increased substantially, based on trials registered in

New step toward determining the cause of MS
Researchers at the University of Toronto have found another clue in understanding the cause of what drives multiple sclerosis (MS) disease.

Greenhouse gas emissions from freshwater higher than thought
According to a new analysis in the journal Ecological Monographs, by researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and colleagues, the world's rivers and streams pump about 10 times more methane into our atmosphere than scientists estimated in previous studies.

OU Health Sciences Center professor named National Academy of Inventors Fellow
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center Professor Heloise Anne Pereira has been named a 2016 National Academy of Inventors Fellow, a high professional distinction awarded to academic inventors who have demonstrated a prolific spirit of innovation in creating or facilitating outstanding inventions that have made a tangible impact on quality of life, economic development and the welfare of society.

Diversity in medical research is a long way off, study shows
Despite Congressional mandates aimed at diversifying clinical research, little has changed in the last 30 years in both the numbers of studies that include minorities and the diversity of scientists being funded, according to a new analysis by researchers at UCSF.

A new spin on star-forming galaxies
Australian researchers have discovered why some galaxies are 'clumpy' rather than spiral in shape -- and it appears low spin is to blame.

Novel imaging technique captures beauty of metal-labeled neurons in 3-D
Researchers have discovered a dazzling new method of visualizing neurons that promises to benefit neuroscientists and cell biologists alike: by using spectral confocal microscopy to image tissues impregnated with silver or gold.

Anti-corruption reforms should pay more attention to threats of violence
In low-income countries, government officials who refuse to be bribed to turn a blind eye to crimes are often threatened with violence.

Fracking plays active role in generating toxic metal wastewater, Dartmouth study finds
The production of hazardous wastewater in hydraulic fracturing is assumed to be partly due to chemicals introduced into injected freshwater when it mixes with highly saline brine naturally present in the rock.

Do not resuscitate (DNR) orders impact hospital rankings
Healthcare consumers, policy and insurance organizations rely heavily on hospital ranking reports, but how accurate are they?

Pitt study: New model of collaborative cancer research may help advance precision medicine
A new system that facilitates data and biospecimen sharing among cancer centers may speed cancer research findings from the laboratory to patient care, according to a new study.

Molecules in small spaces are keys to applications in nanochemistry and molecular machines
This monograph traces the research of the past two decades on molecules confined to closed containers -- capsules -- barely large enough to accommodate them.

Fossils enrich our understanding of evolution
Our understanding of evolution can be enriched by adding fossil species to analyses of living animals, as shown by scientists from the University of Bristol.

UTA physicists are analyzing space weather effects to improve satellite tracking systems
Researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington are analyzing the energy entering the upper atmosphere following space weather events like solar flares to help refine the models used to forecast and track satellite trajectories.

Quasar outburst revises understanding of universe, quasars
An outburst from a distant quasar known as PKS 1441+25 in April of this year gave astronomers at the gamma-ray telescope VERITAS an opportunity to measure the density of the optical 'fog' that lies between the quasar and Earth and to deduce the surprising separation of the high-energy emission from the black hole that drives it.

'Hydricity' concept uses solar energy to produce power round-the-clock
Researchers are proposing a new 'hydricity' concept aimed at creating a sustainable economy by not only generating electricity with solar energy but also producing and storing hydrogen from superheated water for round-the-clock power production.

Brain regions of PTSD patients show differences during fear responses
Regions of the brain function differently among people with post-traumatic stress disorder, causing them to generalize non-threatening events as if they were the original trauma, according to new research from Duke Medicine and the Durham VA Medical Center.

NASA examines global impacts of the 2015 El Nino
New results presented Tuesday at the American Geophysical Union meeting in San Francisco show that atmospheric rivers, significant sources of rainfall, tend to intensify during El Niño events, and this year's strong El Niño likely will bring more precipitation to California and some relief for the drought.

MRI shows 'brain scars' in military personnel with blast-related concussion
MRI shows brain damage in a surprisingly high percentage of active duty military personnel who suffered blast-related mild traumatic brain injury, according to a new study.

Studying microbes in the Sargasso Sea
Craig Carlson directs a new program using innovative technology and collaborations to address fundamental ocean ecosystem questions.

CWRU researchers to make virtual energy audits a reality
Case Western Reserve University researchers were awarded a $1.4 million US Department of Energy ARPA-E grant to develop software to perform virtual energy audits of light commercial buildings, assess energy efficiency and elicit the most cost-effective solutions to energy waste.

New research: 'Flipped' classrooms improve physics education
If physics problem makes you break out in a cold sweat, you are not alone.

Ostracized children use imitation to fit in, study finds
The threat of ostracism influences children to imitate group behaviors as a means of re-affiliating, according to psychologists at The University of Texas at Austin.

UW conservationists celebrate new protected areas for Argentine penguins
On Dec. 3, the legislature for Argentina's Chubut province established a new marine protected area off Punta Tombo, which would help preserve the feeding grounds for about 500,000 Magellanic penguins that make their home along this rocky stretch of Argentine coast.

Seal tagging improves ocean forecasts
Data from animal-borne sensors, including seal tags, can help scientists produce analyses and forecasts of ocean temperature and salinity, according to a UK led study.

Forefront launches suicide prevention effort in three rural Washington counties
Forefront, an organization based at the University of Washington, will provide suicide prevention training and crisis preparation in three Washington counties with high rates of suicide.

Not ordinary growing pains
A recent study at Rush shows that acupuncture may be a safe and effective adjunctive integrative medicine treatment for chronic pain in pediatric patients.

Mosquitoes are tuned to seek out temperatures that match warm-blooded hosts
By blocking a specific gene and causing the mosquitoes to lose their ability to distinguish between temperatures, researchers have uncovered part of the molecular mechanism the insects use to fine-tune their heat-seeking behavior.

Three miles high: Using drones to study high-altitude glaciers
While some dream of the day that aerial drones deliver their online purchases, scientists are using the technology today to deliver data that was never available before.

CTE is confirmed as a unique disease that can be definitively diagnosed
For the first time, CTE has been confirmed as a unique disease that can be definitively diagnosed by neuropathological examination of brain tissue.

Military families benefit from UCLA-developed resilience program
Across the US, families of troops serving in Iraq, Afghanistan and other hot spots are emailing photos of their holiday feasts to their loved ones overseas -- and asking them to respond with pictures of their own holiday celebrations.

Distractibility trait predisposes some to attentional lapses
People vary according to different personality traits, such as extraversion or conscientiousness, and new research suggests that they also vary according to a particular cognitive trait: distractibility.

Rapid 'dipstick' test tackles fatal sleeping sickness
Scientists have developed a quick and simple diagnosis method, similar to a dipstick pregnancy test, to fight a deadly sleeping sickness.

Transparent metal films for smart phone, tablet and TV displays
A new material that is both highly transparent and electrically conductive could make large screen displays, smart windows and even touch screens and solar cells more affordable and efficient, according to the Penn State materials scientists and engineers who discovered it.

Why the flu vaccine is less effective in the elderly
Around this time every year, the flu virus infects up to one-fifth of the US population and kills thousands of people, many of them elderly.

Internet is the primary source of information in Switzerland
88 out of every 100 people in Switzerland use the internet.

Predators key to helping prey evolve with climate change
The key to helping animals evolve quickly in response to climate change could actually be their predators, according to a new UBC study.

Robotics to help blind and visually impaired to recognize objects
In a collaboration between the University of Nevada, Reno and the University of Arkansas, Little Rock, researchers will develop new technology, with co-robotic functions currently unavailable in assistive devices, for a wearable robotic device for the blind and visually impaired.

Warmer air and sea, declining ice continue to trigger Arctic change
A new NOAA-sponsored report shows that air temperature in 2015 across the Arctic was well above average with temperature anomalies over land more than 2 degrees Fahrenheit above average, the highest since records began in 1900.

Innovative trial aims to induce remission of type 2 diabetes
St. Joseph's Hospital in London is one of seven Canadian sites taking part in the innovative trial considered a significant and innovative departure in strategy in the care of people with type 2 diabetes.

Preoperative use of blood-thinning drugs is safe for cancer patients
Among patients undergoing major cancer operations, the preoperative use of blood-thinning drugs such as heparin does not increase rates of major bleeding or transfusions, and is associated with a decreased risk of blood clots, according to new study results published online in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons ahead of print publication early next year.

Media registration opens for Arctic Science Summit Week
Media registration is open for the 2016 Arctic Science Summit Week and Arctic Observing Summit, which will be held March 12-18 at the University of Alaska Fairbanks in Fairbanks, Alaska.

Increased spread rate of the fish round goby in the Baltic Sea
The invasive fish species round goby is spreading at an incredible rate in the Baltic Sea.

U of G researchers study tie between estrogen, memory
A new study by University of Guelph researchers that narrows down where and how estrogens affect the brain may help in understanding how the hormones affect cognition and memory in women.

Stem cell transplantation does not provide significant improvement for Crohn's disease
Among adults with difficult to treat Crohn disease not amenable to surgery, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, compared with conventional therapy, did not result in significant improvement in sustained disease remission at l year and was associated with significant toxicity, according to a study in the Dec.

LSU physicist celebrates expansion of international agreement at Auger Observatory
LSU Physicist James Matthews and an international team of scientists are reconstructing the path of the universe's most energetic cosmic rays, bringing new insights into the origin and nature of this intergalactic phenomenon.

Certain antidepressants linked to heightened risk of mania and bipolar disorder
Taking certain antidepressants for depression is linked to a heightened risk of subsequent mania and bipolar disorder, reveals research published in the online journal BMJ Open.

The XXL Survey: First results
Astronomy & Astrophysics is publishing a special feature on the first results of the XXL Survey.

Elevated testosterone levels may raise risk of uterine fibroids
Women who have high levels of both testosterone and estrogen in midlife may face a greater risk of developing benign tumors on the uterus called uterine fibroids than women with low levels of the hormones, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Small metal grate makes big impact on environment, health
An inexpensive metal insert for traditional cookstoves created by a University of Iowa engineer may decrease global warming and potentially save thousands of lives.

Enlisting distributed energy devices to balance the power grid
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and its partners are developing a unique way to balance the increasingly complex power grid: an incentive-based coordination and control system for distributed energy devices such as rooftop solar panels, batteries and electric vehicles.

Strategic partnership attracts plant genomics expert to region
Officials from the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center in St. Louis and the University of Missouri (MU) announced today the joint hiring of Blake Meyers, Ph.D., currently the Edward F. and Elizabeth Goodman Rosenberg Professor in the Department of Plant and Soil Sciences at the University of Delaware.

Viral infections leave a signature on human immune system, Stanford study finds
A team of immunologists and informatics experts at the Stanford University School of Medicine has identified a distinctive pattern of gene expression that distinguishes people with a viral infection from those with a bacterial infection.

XXL hunt for galaxy clusters
ESO telescopes have provided an international team of astronomers with the gift of the third dimension in a plus-sized hunt for the largest gravitationally bound structures in the Universe -- galaxy clusters.

The Role of Peer Review & Open Access in University Knowledge Dissemination and Evaluation
EA European Academy of Technology and Innovation Assessment and Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz are partnering up in organizing a two-day conference titled

Hot water puts crocs at risk
Australia's saltwater crocodiles appear to be in hot water, with a University of Queensland study linking climate warming to shorter dives, putting the crocs' survival at risk.

In pursuit of HIV vaccine, TSRI scientists shed light on antibody origins
In a new study, a team led by scientists at the Scripps Research Institute tracked how a family of HIV-fighting antibodies develops over time.

Pitt physicist gets grant to investigate condensed matter and atomic-optical physics
Pitt physicist Wensheng Vincent Liu has received a five-year $1.42 million grant from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research to predict and understand topological phases of quantum atomic matter (i.e., a cold ensemble of interacting atoms) under novel conditions, well beyond the standard regimes.

Press registration opens for 2016 spring national meeting of the American Chemical Society
Journalists may now apply for press credentials for the American Chemical Society's (ACS') 251st National Meeting & Exposition, one of the largest scientific conferences of the year.

Study: Current climate models misrepresent El Niño
Climate models incorrectly predict El Niño, according to a new study.

Crystal structures of human TIM members: Ebolavirus entry-enhancing receptors
Ebola virus is a group of enveloped viruses that can infect both primates and humans.

Antiquity's hermaphroditus -- a gender bender
The view that androgynous individuals are pathologically deviant has caused scholars to reject the possibility that the mythological figure Hermaphroditus could be perceived as erotically attractive.

New evidence of tool use discovered in parrots
Psychologists at the University of York and University of St Andrews have uncovered the first evidence of tool use by greater vasa parrots (Coracopsis vasa).

Hunger hormone is boosted by restricted meal times
New and rare insights into the way ghrelin communicates with the central nervous system could help scientists find an effective pharmacological approach to tackle obesity.

Four UCSB Engineering faculty named to National Academy of Inventors
Four UC Santa Barbara engineers have been elected to the National Academy of Inventors (NAI) for 2015.

North Slope permafrost thawing sooner than expected
New projections of permafrost change in northern Alaska suggest far-reaching effects will come sooner than expected, scientists reported this week at the fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union.

Shingles vaccine helps protect older patients with end-stage renal disease
Elderly patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who received the shingles vaccine were half as likely to develop shingles compared to those who were not vaccinated.

Brown, RIH win grants to teach addiction screening
With opioid overdoses reaching epidemic levels, Brown University and Rhode Island Hospital have earned grants to train medical students, residents, and other health care students around the state to screen for substance abuse disorders and to provide interventions.

Patient-administered antimicrobial infusions at home may allow shorter hospital stays
Patients trained to administer their own intravenous antibiotics at home (self-administered outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy or S-OPAT), achieved similar or better outcomes compared to patients who received healthcare-delivered OPAT (H-OPAT) with assistance from a home-care nurse or skilled nursing facility, according to a paper published this week in PLOS Medicine.

We infer a speaker's social identity from subtle linguistic cues
When we speak, we 'leak' information about our social identity through the nuanced language that we use to describe others, according to new research in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Plunging into the ionosphere: Satellite's last days improve rrbital decay predictions
The Communication/Navigation Outage Forecasting System (C/NOFS) satellite burned up in Earth's atmosphere during a planned reentry on Nov.

VERITAS detects gamma rays from galaxy halfway across the visible universe
In April 2015, after traveling for about half the age of the universe, a flood of powerful gamma rays from a distant galaxy slammed into Earth's atmosphere.

Common signatures predict flu vaccine responses in young and elderly
What factors inhibit strong responses to seasonal flu vaccines in the elderly?

Study: Eliminating cost for colorectal cancer screening doesn't improve screening rates
Making colonoscopy available at no cost to eligible Medicare beneficiaries under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) did not increase the number of people in this target population who regularly undergo the procedure, says a new large scale national study from University Hospitals Case Medical Center Seidman Cancer Center.

Researchers call for the NIH to improve diversity in clinical research in the US
Clinical research in the US needs to better reflect the population's changing demographics in order to better understand the factors that lead to disease or health, according to an article written by concerned physicians and scientists representing several universities within the U.S. published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

MSU leads the world's efforts to prevent food fraud
Michigan State University has not only defined the term 'food fraud,' but the university also is helping the United States and other countries establish the strategies to fight it. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to