Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 16, 2015
Divorce: On the decline in sub-Saharan Africa
With education, employment and income levels all rising for women in sub-Saharan Africa, many observers have speculated that divorce rates would follow suit -- as they have in much of the developed world.

Caught in the act
The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has captured the image of the first-ever predicted supernova explosion.

Salk scientists discover the function and connections of 3 cell types in the brain
Using genetic tools to interrogate cell types sheds light on how the brain processes visual information.

Simon Singh and MoMath to receive 2016 JPBM Communications Awards
Simon Singh is receiving the 2016 Joint Policy Board for Mathematics (JPBM) Communications Award for Expository and Popular Books, while the National Museum of Mathematics (MoMath) in New York City is receiving the 2016 JPBM Communications Award for Public Outreach.

Research offers recommendations for use of aspirin to prevent preeclampsia
To prevent preeclampsia, new research suggests that low-dose aspirin should be given prophylactically to all women at high risk (those with diabetes or chronic hypertension) and any woman with two or more moderate risk factors (including obesity, multiple gestation and advanced maternal age).

Red palm weevils can fly 50 kilometers in 24 hours
Scientists from California and Saudi Arabia have observed red palm weevils flying as far as 50 kilometers in 24 hours in flight mill studies.

Link between anemia and mild cognitive impairment
In a large population-based study of randomly selected participants in Germany, researchers found that participants with anemia, defined as haemoglobin <13 g/dl in men and <12 g/dl in women, showed lower performances in verbal memory and executive functions.

Early childhood depression alters brain development
The brains of children who suffer clinical depression as preschoolers develop abnormally, compared with the brains of preschoolers unaffected by the disorder, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Brain research is focus of daylong symposium
Two kinds of cells are found in the brain: neurons and glial cells (or glia).

West Coast marine mammals respond to shifting conditions, new research shows
Humpback whales off the West Coast consume thousands of pounds of krill, plankton and small fish each day.

Families choosing treatment options for uncomplicated appendicitis in children
When chosen by the family, nonoperative management with antibiotics alone was an effective treatment strategy for children with uncomplicated appendicitis, incurring less illness and lower costs than surgery, according to a study published online by JAMA Surgery.

Plants crawled onto land earlier than we give them credit, genetic evidence suggests
Plant biologists agree that it all began with green algae.

CWRU researchers tailor power source for wearable electronics
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed flexible wire-shaped microsupercapacitors that can be woven into a jacket, shirt or dress.

Mathematical model suggests select DCIS patients could delay treatment
Active surveillance could be a viable alternative to surgery and radiation for select patients with ductal carcinoma in situ, or DCIS, according to a mathematical model developed by researchers at Duke University.

Study finds people transformed how species associated after 300 million years
A study published today finds a surprising and very recent shift away from the steady relationship among species that prevailed for more than 300 million years.

Nearby star hosts closest alien planet in the 'habitable zone'
UNSW Australia astronomers have discovered the closest potentially habitable planet found outside our solar system so far, orbiting a star just 14 light years away.

Helping children at high risk for aggressive behavior found to have long-term benefits
A new longitudinal study examines an intervention for children at high risk of developing behavior problems.

Oxford strengthens international collaboration to solve epidemic global health problem
Two innovative Oxford research programs will explore the relationship between metabolism and inflammation in metabolic diseases.

VU archaeologists discover location of historic battle fought by Caesar in Dutch riverarea
Archaeologist Nico Roymans from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam announced a unique discovery: the location where the Roman general and statesman Julius Caesar massacred two Germanic tribes 55 BC.

Open science finds new home south of Market
An open science non-profit has received a grant from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation to make possible a co-working lab space for Scientists in Residence who focus on tools for research and science education.

High fat/low carb diet could combat schizophrenia
Research by James Cook University scientists has found a diet favored by body-builders may be effective in treating schizophrenia.

New technique both enhances oil recovery and sequesters carbon dioxide
A proposed recovery technique for oil extraction developed by a Penn State-led research team not only outperforms existing drilling and recovery techniques, but also has the potential to sequester more carbon dioxide in the process.

'Hunger hormone' may treat severe peripheral artery disease
A new study by a team of researchers from New Zealand's University of Otago and Japan suggests that the appetite-regulating hormone ghrelin could be used clinically for the early treatment of critical limb ischemia, an advanced form of peripheral artery disease.

Novel material backed by NFL to protect against brain injuries
Funding has been awarded to world-leading, US-based helmet designer and manufacturer, Roy Burek of Charles Owen Inc., to develop a novel material created by researchers from Cardiff University's School of Engineering that can improve the safety of athletes, members of the military and others from brain injuries by better absorbing and dissipating impact.

When rejection comes from within
A new cellular structure responsible for previously unexplained rejection of organ transplants has been identified by researchers at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre.

Wearable electronics move beyond rigid wristbands
It's not every day that there's a news story about socks.

Immigrant parents at lower risk of preterm birth than Canadian-born couples
Couples who immigrate to Canada are generally at lower risk of having a preterm birth than Canadian-born couples, new research has found.

Enemy odors help flies protect their offspring
In nature, up to 80 percent of Drosophila melanogaster larvae are parasitized by Leptopilina wasps.

Big moves in protein structure prediction and design
Reports in Nature this week on the modular construction of certain types of protein molecules are the latest in a series of advances in protein structure prediction and design.

New metamaterial manipulates sound to improve acoustic imaging
Researchers have developed a metamaterial made of paper and aluminum that can manipulate acoustic waves to more than double the resolution of acoustic imaging, focus acoustic waves, and control the angles at which sound passes through the metamaterial.

Scary movies can curdle blood
Watching horror, or 'bloodcurdling,' movies is associated with an increase in the clotting protein, blood coagulant factor VIII, finds a small study in The BMJ Christmas issue this week.

New weapon in the fight against breast cancer
Berkeley Lab researchers have developed the first clinically-relevant mouse model of human breast cancer to successfully express functional estrogen receptor positive adenocarcinomas.

Coronary heart disease patients with no teeth have nearly double risk of death
Coronary heart disease patients with no teeth have nearly double the risk of death as those with all of their teeth, according to research published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

Composting food waste remains your best option, says UW study
A new University of Washington study confirms that composting food scraps is better than throwing them away, and also calculates the environmental benefits associated with keeping these organic materials out of landfills.

Brain plasticity from A to Z
The December issue of the journal Current Opinion in Neurobiology reviews current knowledge about brain plasticity, in its broadest sense, starting from the infinitely small (plasticity at the molecular level, in synapses) up to the macro level (the plasticity observable in human behavior).

Face cream ingredient found to mimic life-extending effects of a calorie restriction diet
A commonly used skin care ingredient is one of several newly identified compounds that can mimic the life-extending effect of a starvation diet, new University of Liverpool research has revealed.

USC researchers discover way to improve image sharpness for blind people with retinal implants
Retinal implants that deliver longer impulses may markedly improve image sharpness for blind individuals.

Tiny phytoplankton have big influence on climate change
University of Pennsylvania researchers have investigated what climate models have to say about how phytoplankton and ocean ecosystems will respond to the profound changes the Earth is undergoing.

Researchers discover six new African frog species, uncover far more diversity
Researchers have discovered half a dozen new species of the African clawed frog, and added back another to the list of known species, in the process uncovering striking new characteristics of one of the most widely studied amphibians in the world.

Monster planet is 'dancing with the stars'
A team of scientists has discovered a highly unusual planetary system comprised of a sun-like star, a dwarf star, and an enormous planet sandwiched in between.

Scientists localize the Christmas spirit in the brain
The Christmas spirit has been located in the human brain, reveals a study published in The BMJ's Christmas issue this week.

Men with moustaches outnumber women in medical leadership
Men with moustaches significantly outnumber women in academic medical leadership positions in the top medical schools across the US, finds a study published in The BMJ Christmas issue this week.

Physics for the mechanism of slow change in microscopic magnetic structures revealed
The research group of Professor Hideo Ohno and Associate Professor Shunsuke Fukami of Tohoku University has studied in detail, a slow change of microscopic magnetic structures in metallic wires induced by external driving forces, commonly called 'creep' motion.

UTSA receives $3.25 million US Department of Education grant to improve retention rates
The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) has received a five-year, $3.25 million Title V collaborative grant from the US Department of Education to create the PIVOT program to increase student engagement, retention and graduation at UTSA and the Alamo Colleges.

Three faculty members named fellows of the National Academy of Inventors
Three faculty members from the University of Missouri have been named fellows of the National Academy of Inventors (NAI).

Time-resolved measurement of the anomalous velocity
At the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesansstalt, researchers have detected the anomalous velocity in a semiconductor made of GaAs with a sub-picosecond time resolution.

Research for the Finnish Air Force by VTT extended the life of high-pressure turbine blades in Hornets -- almost hundredfold savings achieved
With the help of research by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, the Finnish Air Force has succeeded in increasing the operational life of the high pressure turbine blades of its Hornet jet engines by 10 percent.

NIST adds to quantum computing toolkit with mixed-atom logic operations
Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have added to their collection of ingredients for future quantum computers by performing logic operations -- basic computing steps -- with two atoms of different elements.

Syrian medical students learn from Oxford scholars
Over 11 million Syrians have been forced to leave their homes during the five years of conflict in the country.

Toward roads that de-ice themselves
As winter approaches, stores, cities and homeowners are stocking up on salt, gravel and sand in anticipation of slippery roads.

USF faculty members elected as Fellows of the National Academy of Inventors
University of South Florida professors Selim A. Chacour, David M.

Chewing slowly helps prevent excessive weight gain in children
Waiting 30 seconds in between bites of food allows children to realize they're no longer hungry before they overeat -- preventing excessive weight gain.

Minding the gap: International team defines spaces through which nerve cells communicate
In a report published in the journal Neuron, an international team of researchers defined the makeup of the cellular structures through which nerve cells communicate with each other, revealing new and elegant features of the sites that wire the brain.

USF geologists focus on mineral for clues to beginning of biological life on earth
New research by University of South Florida geologists has found that in Earth's beginning, meteorites striking the planet to provide light may have carried within them an extraterrestrial mineral that, as it corroded in water on Earth, could have provided the essential chemical spark leading to the birth of biological life.

UK and Singapore collaborating to address cyber threats
Six new joint research projects will see UK and Singapore-based researchers collaborating to develop new solutions that will enhance the resilience of systems and infrastructure to cyber attacks.

NASA to launch FORTIS to study extra-galactic dust
This month, the NASA-funded FORTIS sounding rocket -- short for Far-ultraviolet Off Rowland-circle Telescope for Imaging and Spectroscopy -- will launch from the White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico to investigate the properties of galaxy NGC 1365, also known as the Great Barred Spiral Galaxy.

Wrap up: Key recommendations from AGA's 2015 guidelines
Clinical practice guidelines are critical to reducing physician variation and providing high-quality patient care.

An app to digitally detox from smartphone addiction: Lock n' LOL
Professor Uichin Lee of the Department of Knowledge Service Engineering at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) and his research team have recently developed an application, Lock n' LoL (Lock Your Smartphone and Laugh Out Loud), to help people lock their smartphone and keep them from using the phone while engaged in social activities.

UTSA professor's new study explores the mind of a cyberterrorist
A new study by Max Kilger, director of Data Analytics Programs at The University of Texas at San Antonio College of Business, is delving into an aspect of cybersecurity rarely explored before now: the human component.

The fiscal impact of refugees in Sweden
What is the economic impact of refugees? A new study examines the case of Sweden, offering the first estimate of the fiscal redistribution specifically to refugee immigrants in any Western country.

Making bicycling safer for kids with ADHD
University of Iowa researchers hope new avenues of study about why children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder have more accidents while crossing the street on their bicycles will help parents teach their children to better navigate busy intersections.

Skewed expression of mRNA components correlates with fine tuning of protein production
In numerous tissues and genes, the researchers found lopsided ratios in two parts of mRNA transcripts of genes, one of which carries the code for a protein and one that doesn't.

$5 million in funding for research into malaria and tuberculosis drug discovery
University of Toronto and McGill University scientists are leading an international partnership to discover new and improved drug treatments for tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases -- thanks to a contribution from Merck Canada Inc., as well as an additional $5 million supplement to a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

The tiniest color picture ever printed
Researchers of ETH Zurich and ETH start-up company Scrona achieve a new world record!

Deep Knowledge Ventures announces new investment fund for life sciences and aging research
Deep Knowledge Ventures announces new London based investment fund for groundbreaking research in life sciences and aging, named Deep Knowledge Life Sciences (DKLS).

New Scripps Florida compound successfully targets hard-to-treat breast cancer
Findings from a new study led by scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute suggest a potent new therapeutic approach for a number of hard-to-treat breast cancers.

Georgetown researcher leads effort to decode anti-malarial drug resistance
Even as the global malarial pandemic appears to be on a decline, drug resistant malarial parasites are on the rise, says an infectious disease researcher at Georgetown University Medical Center, who is taking the lead on a multi-institutional effort to investigate the causes of this growing concern.

From 9/11 to 7/7 and beyond: Islamist terrorism in the US and UK explained
Based on a sample of nearly 800 American and British jihadists, this book provides an extensive yet lucid analysis of one of the greatest security concerns facing the world today.

Drug use trends remain stable or decline among teens
The 2015 Monitoring the Future survey shows decreasing use of a number of substances, including cigarettes, alcohol, prescription opioid pain relievers, and synthetic cannabinoids ('synthetic marijuana').

The double life of a bacteria
Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science and the University of Tokyo have demonstrated that the bacterium Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans can take electrons needed for growth directly from an electrode power source when iron -- its already known source of energy -- is absent.

The eyes have it: Mutual gaze potentially a vital component in social interactions
Japan's National Institute for Physiological Sciences reveals that eye contact synchronizes brain activation to establish connection between individuals; without this, shared attention cannot be attained.

In US, poverty dampens genetic influence on IQ
An analysis of data gathered from 14 independent studies indicates that the influence of genes on intelligence varies according to people's social class in the US, but not in Western Europe or Australia.

How to see a mass extinction if it's right in front of you
A Yale-led study urges scientists to move their focus from species extinction to species rarity in order to recognize, and avoid, a mass extinction in the modern world.

New species of 'sail-backed' dinosaur found in Spain
Scientists describe a 'sail-backed' dinosaur species named Morelladon beltrani, which inhabited the Iberian landmass ~125 million years ago, according to a study published Dec.

Weight loss through diet changes can improve sleep at any body weight, says Penn study
Weight loss due to dietary changes can improve sleepiness at any weight, says a study published by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania this month in the journal Sleep.

Preserved embryos illustrate seed dormancy in early angiosperms
The discovery of exceptionally well-preserved, tiny fossil seeds dating back to the Early Cretaceous corroborates that flowering plants were small opportunistic colonizers at that time, according to a new Yale-led study.

Researchers elucidate network of genes that control when puberty begins
In expanding our knowledge of how the brain controls the process of sexual development, researchers at Oregon Healthy & Science University and the University of Pittsburgh have identified for the first time members of an elaborate superfamily of genes that regulate the timing of puberty in highly evolved nonhuman primates.

The carbon mineral challenge: A worldwide hunt for new carbon minerals
New research predicts at least 145 of Earth's carbon-bearing minerals remain undiscovered.

Doctors: Epilepsy deaths should be public health priority
Epilepsy is not a public health priority, yet it takes more lives than sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) or fires, according to an article reviewing the topic.

Nation's capital to host cutting-edge linguistic research in January
Research presentations on 'totes' and endangered languages, panels on the role of linguistics in education and the law, and two days of meetings on Capitol Hill are among the highlights of the upcoming Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America (LSA), to be held in Washington, D.C., from Jan.

Growing diversity in doctoral programs
Northwestern University is testing a new coaching program to reduce commonly reported feelings of pressure and isolation of Ph.D. students from underrepresented backgrounds and help them earn a degree in science careers.

Special collection explores origin and evolution of play
Research on the evolution and function of play at the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis has culminated in a special issue of the journal Adaptive Behavior.

Study: Climate change rapidly warming world's lakes
Climate change is rapidly warming lakes around the world, threatening freshwater supplies and ecosystems, according to a study spanning six continents.

ESMO Asia 2015 Congress
ESMO, the leading professional organization for medical oncology, is pleased to announce the inaugural ESMO Asia 2015 Congress in Singapore.

Men actually recommend getting help for depression
Participants in a national survey read a scenario describing someone who had depressed symptoms.

Fewer landslides than expected after 2015 Nepal earthquake
Fewer landslides resulted from the devastating 2015 Nepal earthquake than expected.

Surgery is more effective than drug in hyperparathyroidism post-kidney transplantation
A study led by researchers from the Nephrology group at Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute and the University Hospital of Bellvitge, compared the results of surgery with drug therapy in patients with tertiary hyperparathyroidism, i.e., after a kidney transplant.

Will grassland soil weather a change?
There's more to an ecosystem than the visible plants and animals.

Speeding up the hydrogen highway
Drivers are seeing more hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles on the road, but refueling stations for those vehicles are still few and far between.

At menopause, weight, exercise, education, income play big roles in metabolic risks
At midlife, overweight and obesity, lack of exercise, less education, and low income put women at much higher risk of having metabolic syndrome, the cluster of conditions predisposes people to diabetes and heart disease, shows a large study published today in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society.

Lifespan -- genetic background and physical activity
Animal studies have already shown that a strong link exists between genetic background and physical activity level.

This week from AGU: Icequakes, the Arctic, origins of life, ocean drilling, & 3 new papers
Nestled in the Arctic is a glacier like no other.

Greenland Ice Sheet during the 20th Century -- a missing link in IPCC's climate report
For the very first time, climate researchers from the Centre for GeoGenetics at the Natural History Museum of Denmark, together with a national and an International team of researchers, publish in the scientific journal Nature their direct observations of the reduction and melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet during the latest 110 years.

Why epilepsy may account for more lost years of life than other brain disorders
People with epilepsy have a 27-fold greater risk of sudden death than people without the disorder.

'Father of Tamoxifen' receives Sir James Black Award
Craig Jordan, Ph.D., a breast cancer research pioneer known for his development of the therapeutic drug tamoxifen, has been named a recipient of the Sir James Black Award from the British Pharmacological Society.

Scientist awarded $2 million to study role of single neurons in memory and aging
A scientist from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) has been awarded approximately $2 million from the National Institutes of Health to study the impact of aging and age-related disease on the inner workings of a single type of nerve cell.

Poverty may increase childhood risk of neurological impairment, NIH study suggests
Children from low income environments appear to have a higher risk of neurological impairment than those from more economically secure circumstances, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health and other institutions.

Research reveals promising novel strategy to target cancer-causing protein
A team of scientists, researchers from the Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, research institute under the Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore, and VIB/KU Leuven, has revealed the mechanism by which tumor cells elevate levels of MDM4, a protein that is highly expressed in cancer cells but not in normal adult tissues.

Devising an inexpensive, quick tuberculosis test for developing areas
Tuberculosis (TB) is a highly infectious disease and a major global health problem, especially in countries with developing health care systems.

VTT has published the first map of Finnish science: Finnish science has become diverse
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd. has analyzed changes in the Finnish research system in 1995-2011 and published, for the first time, a map of Finnish science.

NUS takes the quantum leap into space
Two satellites designed and built by students, researchers and faculty from the National University of Singapore have been successfully launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Andhra Pradesh, India, on Wednesday, Dec.

Why do chronically lonely teens stay lonely?
For chronically lonely adolescents, even the rare invitation to a social event is likely to be met with suspicion: 'It's not that I'm worthy, I just got lucky,' they'll tell themselves.

Mediterranean sperm whales show great size variation
Mediterranean sperm whale 'clicks' analysis suggests that individuals range from 7.5 to 14 meters long, according to a study published Dec.

When trees die, water slows
Mountain pine beetle populations have exploded over the past decade, and these insects have infected and killed thousands of acres of western pine forests.

Three new fishing snake species fished out of the Andean slopes in South America
Commonly known as fishing snakes, the Synophis genus has been expanded with as many as three new species following a research in the Andean cloud forests of Amazonian Ecuador and Peru.

Penguin cam captures hunt for prey
Little penguins were more likely to work together to hunt schooling prey than solitary prey, according to observations made using animal-borne cameras published Dec.

Reading the smoke signals
Laser-based measurements permit detailed analyses of the amounts of carbon dioxide released by the burning of tropical peatlands -- and the data show that the answers depend on how many previous fires have raged in the same spot.

Beyond early adversity: A multidimensional approach linking early experiences to successful aging
Adverse childhood experiences such as poverty, abuse and neglect have been linked to poor mental and physical health outcomes in adulthood.

An open science project gives persons with cerebral palsy more self-control
A University of Copenhagen research project has managed to significantly strengthen the self-control of persons with cerebral palsy (CP).

Naughty or nice? Is the way we 'perform' Santa Claus under threat?
Santa Claus performers struggle with fulfilling the role of old St.

Plants use a molecular clock to predict when they'll be infected
Plants are able to predict when infections are more likely to occur and regulate their immune response accordingly, new research has found.

A molecular light switch?...Just add water
Researchers from Drexel University, The University of California at Berkeley, the University of Pennsylvania and Temple University uncovered a way to use water molecules to control ultraviolet light emitted from the inside of a complex oxide material.

How brain architecture leads to abstract thought
Using 20 years of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data from tens of thousands of brain imaging experiments, computational neuroscientists Hava Siegelmann and a postdoctoral colleague at the University of Massachusetts have created a geometry-based method for massive data analysis to reach a new understanding of how thought arises from brain structure.

University of Arizona researchers developing brain-mapping technology
Researchers at the University of Arizona have received $1.15 million from the National Institutes of Health to develop a noninvasive brain-scanning technology that could produce images far superior to those obtained with the most commonly used systems -- electroencephalography and functional magnetic resonance imaging.

Solar cells that can face almost any direction and keep themselves clean
In recent years, a complicated discussion over which direction solar cells should face -- south or west -- has likely left customers uncertain about the best way to orient their panels.

India and Pakistan set to benefit from new autism treatment
In a world first, clinical researchers from the Universities of Liverpool and Manchester have collaborated with colleagues in south Asia to adapt a parent-led autism therapy and successfully tested it in India and Pakistan, with the aim of improving treatment for an estimated five million children in the region with the disorder.

Oxford team demonstrates 'hybrid' logic gate as work towards quantum computer continues
Oxford researchers have demonstrated that quantum logic gates between different isotopic species are possible, can be driven by a relatively simple laser system, and can work with precision beyond the so-called 'fault-tolerant threshold' precision of approximately 99 percent -- the precision necessary to implement the techniques of quantum error correction, without which a quantum computer of useful size cannot be built.

Diamonds may be the key to future NMR/MRI technologies
Berkeley Lab researchers have demonstrated that diamonds may hold the key to the future for nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technologies.

A field research network to address looming grain failures
The effects of climate change will continue to alter growing conditions in the Midwest United States, requiring urgent action by researchers to help farmers and other stakeholders adapt their practices.

Understanding body language of mice
Mouse behavior naturally divides into movement motifs lasting less than a second.

LGBT migrants persecuted because of sexual orientation, gender identity before immigrating
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) migrants who obtained refuge or asylum in the US or Canada on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity report extensive recollections of abuse by parents and caregivers, peers and school personnel, according to a new Rutgers study.

New statistics show one of every three US deaths caused by cardiovascular disease
One of every three deaths in the US in 2013 were from heart disease, stroke and other cardiovascular diseases, while heart disease and stroke were the No.

NASA's Aqua satellite sees Tropical Storm Melor affecting northern Philippines
As Typhoon Melor weakened to a tropical storm as it moved through the islands of the Philippines, NASA's Aqua satellite captured an image of the storm on Dec.

This article can be printed on a hair
Thanks to a new revolutionary laser printing technology, it is now possible to print this press release in color on an area no bigger than a hair.

ALMA reveals planetary construction sites
Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) have found the clearest indications yet that planets with masses several times that of Jupiter have recently formed in the discs of gas and dust around four young stars.

Dartmouth study sheds light on lake evaporation under changing climate
Dartmouth scientists have shown for the first time how winds blowing across lakes affect the chemical makeup of water vapor above and evaporated from lakes, which may aid research into past and present water cycles under changing climate.

'Quirky' study shows women less likely to hold leadership roles than men with mustaches
Thirteen percent of department leader positions at top academic medical institutions in the United States are held by women, while nearly 20 percent are held by men with mustaches.

Unexpected molecular partners may offer new way to counter inflammatory diseases
When overactive or off target, certain cells in the immune system that normally fight infection instead attack a person's own tissue.

Free mobile app to improve the world's cardiovascular health
Top cardiologist Dr. Valentin Fuster is on a mission to promote a full 'Circle of Health' around the globe.

Study finds Americans do not have better teeth than the English
Contrary to popular belief, the oral health of US citizens is not better than the English, finds a study in the Christmas issue of The BMJ.

Greywater reuse for irrigation is safe -- Ben-Gurion U. Zuckerberg Institute study
The study, published in the online journal Science of the Total Environment (Elsevier), determined that there was no additional incidence of gastroenteritis or water-related diseases caused by use of treated greywater in gardens, even when compared to tap water and other irrigation water sources.

Researchers find out cause of mutations which are not in genetic material
Proteins are like bricks that form our cells and they are built by the orders given by our genetic material, DNA.

American Cancer Society awards 'Shine A Light' Funds to neuroblastoma researcher
The American Cancer Society has selected Dr. Andras Heczey of Texas Children's Cancer Center as the recipient of a four-year grant funded by TODAY Show viewers through its 'Shine A Light' campaign.

The building blocks of the future
Better, more efficient batteries and photovoltaics. High-performance materials that withstand extreme temperatures and conditions.

£10 million for new math centers to tackle life-threatening diseases
Life Sciences Minister George Freeman today announced £10 million investment in five new research centers around the UK that will explore how mathematics and statistics can help clinicians to tackle serious health challenges such as cancer, heart disease and antibiotic resistant bacteria.

Our water pipes crawl with millions of bacteria
Researchers from Lund University in Sweden have discovered that our drinking water is to a large extent purified by millions of 'good bacteria' found in water pipes and purification plants.

Males and under 30 at greatest risk of hospital admission for drug related poisonings
Poisonings from recreational drug and alcohol use account for 9 percent of all poisoning-related hospital admissions, says a new University of Sydney study revealing that males and people under 30 are at greatest risk.

Implant acts as a countermeasure
Scientists have developed a new, more complex type of genetic circuit, which has enabled them to successfully treat psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory skin condition, in the mouse model.

Number of severe algal blooms in Lake Erie to double, forecast says
By the latter half of this century, toxic algal blooms like the one that cut off drinking water to the city of Toledo in 2014 will no longer be the exception, but the norm, a study suggests.The findings hold implications for hundreds of coastal regions around the world where nutrient runoff and climate change intersect to make toxic algae a problem.

To stop cancer's spread, take out its communication channels
A study by researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital, published in Nature Communications, offers a new view of how cancer cells extend their reach, co-opting and transforming normal cells through 'metastatic hijacking.' The researchers also find that in pre-clinical models, pharmacological intervention can prevent this hijacking from occurring, pointing to new therapeutic targets for preventing cancer cells from spreading.

Scientists find new vessel for detecting autism
Evidence of autism may be found in the composition and malfunction of the brain's blood vessels, a team of scientists has found.

Study shows multiple-dose, targeted radiation more effective for treating pituitary tumors
A recent patient study at Houston Methodist Hospital proved that multiple small doses of highly focused radiation therapy is safer and more effective than a single larger dose of radiation at destroying pituitary gland tumors.

Lakes warming at alarming rates, York U-led global study warns
The study predicts that at the current rate, algal blooms, which can ultimately rob water of oxygen, will increase 20 percent in lakes over the next century.

Montefiore and Einstein receive NIH cancer research training grant
The ability to discover the inner workings of cancerous tumors is incumbent upon a scientist's understanding of tumor pathophysiology and is essential for identifying novel targets for therapy.

Medical aid in dying: Is Quebec's law too restrictive?
The Quebec law on medical aid in dying is restrictive and overlooks certain patients who are suffering without sufficient relief, but who are not at the end of life, according to the University of Montreal's Jocelyne St-Arnaud.

An unlikely pair of satellites
This collaborative effort sent a pair of satellites, AggieSat4 and Bevo-2, to the International Space Station earlier this month.

UMMS scientists reveal new phase of HIV infection
Researchers at the UMass Medical School have identified a new life cycle stage in HIV infection thanks to a novel technique they developed to take images of intact infected cells.

Vessel discovery a major step toward growing kidneys
Researchers have identified the cells that give rise to the blood vessels within the kidney.

Creation of Jupiter interior, a step towards room temperature superconductivity
Since hydrogen is both a highly diffusive and highly reactive element, it is difficult to maintain its stability in high-temperature, high-pressure equipment for use in experimentation, which has greatly impeded research on high temperature, high pressure hydrogen.

After the Paris climate deal: What's next for climate change research?
Even if the Paris climate deal's ambitious targets are met, there will still be a lot of uncertainty about how global warming could affect island nations and other coastal communities.

Aphids balance their diets by rebuilding plant amino acids
Aphids survive on an unbalanced diet of plant sap by breaking down all available plant amino acids and rebuilding essential ones.

Growth potential remains at risk on even the most remote coral reefs
Coral reefs in the Indian Ocean that were severely damaged by a global warming event 17 years ago have bounced back to optimum health and have the potential to keep pace with rising sea levels, but only if they escape the impacts of future warming events, researchers from the University of Exeter have found.

University of Hawaii's data visualization expert to build the top system in the nation
The University of Hawai'i at Mānoa will be home to the best data visualization system in the United States, thanks to a major research infrastructure grant from the National Science Foundation.

Making the grade: Certain abandoned ski runs recover better than others
Study finds that graded ski runs show no predictable recovery even 40 years after abandonment.

Children's ADHD symptoms and peer relationships influence each other over time
A study of 962 Norwegian children at ages 4, 6, and 8, investigated the bidirectional relationship between the development of ADHD symptoms in young children and rejection by peers.

Antibiotics alone can be a safe, effective treatment for children with appendicitis
Using antibiotics alone to treat children with uncomplicated acute appendicitis is a reasonable alternative to surgery when chosen by the family.

Dogs give friends food
A readiness to help and a positive attitude toward others are considered foundations of human relationships and human cooperation.

Land use may weaken amphibian's capacity to fight infection and disease
Man-made changes to the environment are linked to changes in the microbiome on cricket frogs' skin and antimicrobial peptide secretions through the skin, possibly weakening the animals' immune systems.

Activating beige fat in humans could combat obesity
The body's ability to harness heat production by converting white fat cells, which store calories, into beige fat cells, which burn energy, could help fight obesity, according to researchers at Georgia State University.

Ethnic differences in CF genetic coding not addressed in screening tests for nonwhite patients
Cystic fibrosis (CF) occurs less frequently in nonwhites than in whites, and nonwhites tend to be diagnosed at a later age.

Catastrophic medieval earthquakes in the Nepal
Three quakes, in 1100, 1255 and 1344, with magnitudes of around Mw 8 triggered large-scale collapses, mass wasting and initiated the redistribution of material by catastrophic debris flows on the mountain range.

New 'exercise hormone' promotes physical endurance
A new University of Iowa study in mice shows that exercise causes muscle to release a peptide that builds the muscle's capacity for energy production and increases physical endurance, allowing for longer and more intense exercise.

Natural or manmade quakes? New technique can tell the difference
A study by Stanford geophysicists shows that earthquakes resulting from wastewater injection follow several indicative patterns that are starkly different from natural causes. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to