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Science News and Current Events for December 17, 2015


Probing the mystery of how cancer cells die
A new study sheds light on the role sphingolipids play in the death of cancer cells.
Targeting frailty in pre-lung transplant patients might improve survival rates, patient outcomes
Frailty can affect people of all ages and demographics. Defined simply as 'an increased vulnerability to adverse health outcomes,' frailty can affect a patient's chances of surviving a surgical procedure or needing a nursing home.
York U-led laser instrument to help bring home asteroid sample by NASA mission
Michael Daly, a York University researcher, is the lead scientist on a laser altimeter that will map the surface and create a 3-D model of the asteroid Bennu during a NASA mission launching in 2016.
First praying mantis survey of Rwanda uncovers rich diversity
A college student working at The Cleveland Museum of Natural History was lead author on the first formal survey of praying mantises in Rwanda, which revealed a 155 percent increase in praying mantis species diversity for the African country.
Kestrel inspires unpowered, autonomous glider to climb higher
Researchers at the RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia have drawn inspiration from the way kestrels hover above their prey to develop an autonomous fixed-wing micro air vehicle (MAV) that can gain height from convenient updrafts.
New research uncovers processes driving planarian stem cell differentiation
In two new studies, researchers in the laboratory of Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator Alejandro Sánchez Alvarado, Ph.D., at the Stowers Institute for Medical Research explore the intricate processes at work when stem cells differentiate into planarian skin cells.
DFG approves funding for 10 new clinical trials in 2015
Topics range from esophageal cancer to tic disorders and kidney failure.
Spread of algal toxin through marine food web broke records in 2015
Researchers monitoring the unprecedented bloom of toxic algae along the west coast of North America in 2015 found record levels of the algal toxin domoic acid in samples from a wide range of marine organisms.
Snake bellies help scientists get a grip
An NSF-funded UC researcher sheds light on how snakes' sharp-edged belly keels improve climbing abilities, which could lead to bio-inspired robotic designs and new methods to prevent snake invasion.
Stem cell transplantation does not provide significant improvement for Crohn's disease
A clinical trial to test the effectiveness of a stem cell therapy among adults with difficult to treat Crohn's disease has found it is not significantly better than conventional treatment in producing sustained disease remission after one year.
Journal of Comparative Effectiveness research discusses oncology treatment sequences
Future Science Group (FSG) today announced the publication of a new article in the Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research, discussing the recent recommendations from the Center for Medical Technology Policy's (CMTP) Green Park Collaborative (GPC-USA).
Study: Safety net fails grandmother caregivers living in severe poverty
The number of grandmothers raising their grandchildren spiked during the Great Recession, but those living in poverty often struggle with a public assistance system not designed to meet their unique needs.
Scientists manipulate consciousness in rats
Scientists showed that they could alter brain activity of rats and either wake them up or put them in an unconscious state by changing the firing rates of neurons in the central thalamus, a region known to regulate arousal.
Deforestation linked to rise in cases of emerging zoonotic malaria
A steep rise in human cases of P. knowlesi malaria in Malaysia is likely to be linked to deforestation and associated environmental changes, according to new research led by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.
Endoscopic techniques offer hope for throat cancer patients
According to a study in the December issue of GIE: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, the monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE), endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) appears to be a safe and effective minimally invasive treatment for patients with superficial pharyngeal (throat) cancer.
Nonoperative treatment of appendicitis may have unknown long-term risks and costs
It is too early to change the standard treatment of appendicitis in US adults to initial antibiotic therapy only, rather than surgical removal of the appendix, or appendectomy, authors of a new systematic review study conclude.
Ancient 4-flippered reptile flapped like a penguin
The puzzle of the plesiosaur has been revealed by computer simulations showing how the ancient animals used their unusual four-flippered body to swim through the ocean.
Carbon emissions from Indonesian peat fires vary considerably based on fire type, research shows
University of Leicester researchers produce revised carbon loss estimates for recurrent fires on tropical peatlands
Despite poaching, elephants' social networks hold steady
While the demand for ivory has put elephants under incredible pressure from poachers, their rich social networks have remained remarkably steady.
The awakened force of a star
Perfectly timed for the release of 'Star Wars Episode VII: The Force Awakens,' this NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has imaged a cosmic double-bladed lightsaber.
Buffet guilt
Ever wonder how much the price you pay for an All-You-Can-Eat (AYCE) buffet influences how you feel at the end of the meal?
New methods, requirements have changed data sharing among life science researchers
Measures instituted in recent years to encourage the sharing of scientific information appear to have reduced the overall level of withholding of data and materials among academic life science researchers.
New genes associated with extreme longevity identified
Centenarians show successful aging as they remain active and alert at very old ages.
Study suggests that annual CA125 screening may reduce ovarian cancer deaths
Initial results from the world's largest ovarian cancer screening trial suggest that tracking levels of a cancer-associated protein over time may help reduce ovarian cancer deaths as much as 20 percent.
Advancing the Edmonton Protocol for the improved treatment of type 1 diabetes
A drug that mimics a naturally occurring protein found in Arctic fish is helping to significantly improve the efficacy of cell transplant treatments for type 1 diabetes patients -- a procedure known as the Edmonton Protocol that transplants insulin producing islets into patients to render them insulin independent for periods of time.
Bone drug protects stem cells from ageing
Stem cells can be protected from the effects of ageing by a drug currently used to treat patients with osteoporosis, a breakthrough study has found.
Immuno & targeted therapy provide new options for difficult-to-treat head&neck cancer
Novel strategies are on the way for difficult-to-treat and advanced head and neck cancer, the most heterogeneous group of malignancies which are generally associated with poor survival, and encouraging results have been presented at the first ESMO Asia 2015 Congress in Singapore.
NTU Singapore successfully launches its fifth and sixth satellites
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, successfully launched two satellites: a climate monitoring and navigation satellite, and the university's first satellite with a commercial payload.
Microbiologist Sylvain Moineau among the most influential scientists in the world
Microbiologist Sylvain Moineau, a professor at Université Laval's Faculty of Science and Engineering, has been named one of the World's Most Influential Scientific Minds for the second year running by strategic information company Thomson Reuters.
The patchy weather in the center of the Earth
The temperature 3,000 kilometers below the surface of the Earth is much more varied than previously thought, scientists have found.
Louisiana Tech University professor named a National Academy of Inventors Fellow
Dr. Leon Iasemidis, the Rhodes Eminent Chair of Biomedical Engineering at Louisiana Tech University and director of the Center for Biomedical Engineering and Rehabilitation Science, has been named a 2015 Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors.
Elsevier and Bentham Science agree to a co-distribution alliance
Elsevier and Bentham Science are collaborating to make certain eBooks widely available for the researchers and readers.
Rare full moon on Christmas Day
Not since 1977 has a full moon dawned in the skies on Christmas.
Identification tags define neural circuits
Caltech biologists have identified a network of proteins that guides neural synapse formation in Drosophila brains.
Progress toward creating broad-spectrum antiviral
UW researchers working in collaboration with Kineta Inc. and the University of Texas at Galveston have shown that making a drug-like molecule to turn on innate immunity can induce genes to control infection in several -known viruses.
2016 named International Year of Pulses
Crop scientists are celebrating these nutritious, sustainable beans.
Binge drinking with chronic alcohol use more destructive than previously thought
A new study by MU School of Medicine researchers shows that chronic alcohol use, when combined with repeated binge drinking, causes more damage to the liver than previously thought.
Using network science to help pinpoint source of seizures
The ability to reliably pinpoint the anatomical source of epileptic seizures, different for each patient, remains elusive.
Loss of tiny genetic molecules could play role in neurodegenerative diseases
Salk scientists find mice that lack a microRNA molecule develop fatal neurodegenerative symptoms.
The evolution of antievolution policies
Organized opposition to the teaching of evolution in public schoolsin the United States began in the 1920s, leading to the famous Scopes Monkey trial.
Lung cancer found to be genetically different disease in young and older patients
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in younger patients is a distinct disease, genetically and biologically, from NSCLC in older patients and may require a different treatment approach, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientists have found.
Growing crops on organic soils increases greenhouse gas emissions
Drained organic soils are a considerable source of greenhouse gases, particularly CO2 and nitrous oxide.
Denver, Colorado to host International Data Week
From Sept. 11-17, 2016, data professionals and researchers from all disciplines and from across the globe will convene in Denver, Colorado for International Data Week.
Turning rice farming waste to useful silica compounds
'DO NOT EAT.' That's what's marked on the innocuous little packets that contain the most widely known form of precipitated silica.
New research finds cosmic clumpy donut around black hole
New research has revealed that the thick donut-shaped disks of gas and dust that surround most massive black holes in the universe are 'clumpy' rather than smooth as originally thought.
When cancer of unknown origin strikes, patient's family members face increased risk
Family members of patients with cancers of unknown origin have a higher risk for getting those and other types of cancers.
Mental health status prior to bladder cancer surgery can indicate risk of complications
A patient's mental health prior to surgery can influence postoperative outcomes.
NYU nursing study examines obesity in relation to breast cancer related lymphedema
Lymphedema is a major health problem negatively affecting many breast cancer survivors survivors' quality of life.
ORNL technique could set new course for extracting uranium from seawater
An ultra-high-resolution technique used for the first time to study polymer fibers that trap uranium in seawater may cause researchers to rethink the best methods to harvest this potential fuel for nuclear reactors.
First flu exposure imprints itself on immune system
A person's first infection with the influenza virus likely stimulates the production of key antibodies that then shape later immune responses to different seasonal influenza strains.
Minorities less likely to trust physicians, Penn research reveals
Research out of the University of Pennsylvania shows that minority groups such as African-Americans and Latinos are less likely than whites to believe their physicians care about them.
Going viral: Could peroxisomes be key to stopping West Nile and Dengue viruses?
A new discovery from the University of Alberta's Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry could open the door to one day treat or prevent diseases caused by West Nile virus and Dengue virus infections.
Carnivore hunting policy does not always align with science, say researchers
An international group of carnivore biologists, writing in the journal Science, say that policies regulating the hunting of large carnivores do not always align with basic scientific data.
Carnegie's Jones recognized for early career contributions to plant science
Carnegie's Alexander Jones will receive the Tansley Medal for Excellence in Plant Science.
Austrian Science Fund grant proposal goes public with RIO Journal
The FWF-funded research project 'Heteroatom quantum corrals and nanoplasmonics in graphene' is the first one to make its proposal public via the Research Ideas & Outcomes (RIO) Journal, an innovative platform publishing all outputs of the research cycle.
UK failure to fortify flour with folic acid has caused 2000+ cases of neural tube defect
The UK's failure to fortify flour with folic acid has caused around 2000 avoidable cases of neural tube defects since 1998, concludes research published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.
'Homing' treatment could aid recovery for brain damaged patients
Cardiff University scientists believe they may have found a way to aid recovery and minimize the risk of life-threatening infections in patients with traumatic brain injuries.
Threatened species still call cities home, study shows
Australian cities support a remarkable number of threatened species, new research shows, with Sydney boasting the most, at 126 species.
New model more accurately tracks gases for underground nuclear explosion detection
Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory have developed a new, more thorough method for detecting underground nuclear explosions (UNEs) by coupling two fundamental elements -- seismic models with gas-flow models--to create a more complete picture of how an explosion's evidence (radionuclide gases) seep to the surface.
Inadequate policies for hunting large carnivores
Many policies regulating carnivore hunting do not adequately acknowledge and address the negative effects of hunting on demography and population dynamics, authors of this Policy Forum say.
New resource to help manage the invasive spotted lanternfly
A new open-access article provides information on how to identify and manage the invasive spotted lanternfly (Lycorma delicatula), a pest of grapes, peaches, apples, dogwood, maples, walnut, oak, pines, and other plants.
Hubble sees the force awakening in a newborn star
Just in time for the release of the movie 'Star Wars Episode VII: The Force Awakens,' NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has photographed what looks like a cosmic, double-bladed lightsaber.
Scientists blueprint tiny cellular 'nanomachine'
Scientists have drawn up molecular blueprints of a tiny cellular 'nanomachine,' whose evolution is an extraordinary feat of nature, by using one of the brightest X-ray sources on Earth.
Facile hydrolysis of the Metal-NHC framework under regular reaction conditions
Researchers led by professor Ananikov highlighted that Ni-NHC complexes do undergo a hydrolysis with a breakage of metal-ligand bond.
State safety nets offer uneven support to low-income working families, policy tool shows
When it comes to providing economic assistance to families living near the poverty line, state practices vary, according to data revealed in a newly updated and enhanced policy analysis tool.
Tapeworm vaccine gets US $200,000 funding boost
A University of Melbourne research team is one step closer to developing a one-shot vaccine to guard against a deadly human brain disease, with the potential to save thousands of lives.
Ancient Egyptians described Algol's eclipses
The Ancient Egyptian papyrus Cairo 86637 calendar is the oldest preserved historical document of naked eye observations of a variable star, the eclipsing binary Algol -- a manifestation of Horus, a god and a king.
New test for cancer and diabetes biomarkers 1000x more detailed
A new test for detecting biomarkers for cancer and diabetes is more than 1000x more detailed and 100 percent faster than existing methods, new research by the University of Warwick suggests.
Even with 24/7 access, investors tend to avoid portfolios when expecting bad news
George Loewenstein and Duane Seppi first introduced the 'ostrich effect' in 2009 to describe how investors 'put their heads in the sand' to dodge facing their financial portfolios when they're expecting bad news.
Their enemy's sex pheromone helps flies protect their offspring
In nature, up to 80 percent of Drosophila larvae are parasitized by parasitic wasps.
Scientists peg Anthropocene to first farmers
A new analysis of the fossil record shows that a deep pattern in the structure of plant and animal communities remained the same for 300 million years.
Largest flexible X-ray detector manufactured with thin film transistors
The Flexible Electronics and Display Center at Arizona State University and PARC, a Xerox company, announced today that they have successfully manufactured the world's largest flexible X-ray detector prototypes using advanced thin film transistors.
'Smart fat cells' cross blood-brain barrier to catch early brain tumors
An MRI contrast agent that can pass through the blood-brain barrier will allow doctors to detect deadly brain tumors called gliomas earlier, say Penn State College of Medicine researchers.
US and Mexico must work to prevent future outbreaks of mosquito-transmitted diseases
Despite the increasing risks of mosquito-transmitted epidemics in the United States and Mexico, policymakers in both countries have made little effort to prevent future outbreaks, according to a new policy brief by tropical-disease and science policy experts at Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy.
University of Toronto scientists uncover how opioids cause dangerous breathing problems
University of Toronto researchers on a quest to make opioid drugs less lethal have discovered a window of opportunity: a tiny channel in the brain where opioids interfere with the breathing mechanism.
Some like it hot: Simulating single particle excitations
Understanding and manipulating plasmons is important for their potential use in photovoltaics, solar cell water splitting, and sunlight-induced fuel production from CO2.
Scientists are paving the way for more sustainable Danish berry production
Blackcurrants, sour cherries and other delicious and healthy berries can become novel ingredients in specialist food products such as wine, vinegar and juice.
Multiple myeloma drug could revolutionize treatment for sickle cell disease
An established drug for recurrent multiple myeloma might effectively be repurposed to improve the survival and day-to-day lives of patients with devastating sickle cell disease, according to revealing new research by a Feinstein Institute for Medical Research scientist.
Terrorism may make liberals think more like conservatives
Liberals' attitudes toward Muslims and immigrants became more like those of conservatives following the July 7, 2005 bombings in London, new research shows.
Simulating nature's variability
A new method developed by Stanford Earth researchers uses training images to refine models of uncertainty about subsurface processes and structures.
New Mars rover findings revealed at American Geophysical Union Conference
New findings by NASA's Mars Curiosity rover are the focus of a press conference this morning at the American Geophysical Union meeting.
New insights into the molecular basis of memory
Scientists from the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases have shed new light on the molecular basis of memory.
Top risk factors for child undernutrition in India identified
In India, nearly 40 percent of all children are stunted -- of extremely low height for their age -- and nearly 30 percent are underweight.
Early warning system to save species.
Managers of wildlife conservation programs are being helped by a method commonly encountered in industrial and service industries.
Researchers test sustainable forestry policies on tropical deforestation, logging
New research by a Dartmouth scientist and her colleagues shows that policies aimed at protecting tropical forests in the Congo Basin may unexpectedly lead to increased deforestation and timber production.
Case Western Reserve School of Nursing scientist to lead new cystic fibrosis research
A scientist at Case Western Reserve University Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing will lead a pair of studies to develop more effective treatment for symptoms of cystic fibrosis (CF), a life-threatening genetic disease that causes persistent lung infections and progressively limits the ability to breathe.
A wax shield to conquer the Earth
Researchers at the University of Geneva have discovered the cuticle.
International instrument delivered for NASA's 2016 asteroid sample return mission
A sophisticated laser-based mapping instrument has arrived at Lockheed Martin Space Systems in Denver for integration onto NASA's Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security-Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) spacecraft.
Oceanographers use super-computers to help farmers in Bangladesh
A computer model that aims to provide physical information on the Bangladesh delta to policy makers there, has received the 'impact' award from the national super-computing facility, ARCHER.
An alternative TALEN/CRISPR-mediated gene insertion technique described in detail
A streamlined protocol for an alternative gene insertion method using genome editing technologies, the PITCh (Precise Integration into Target Chromosome) system, has been reported in Nature Protocols.
New book on 'Aging: The Longevity Dividend' from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
'Aging: The Longevity Dividend' from CSHLPress, examines the biological basis of aging, strategies that may extend health span, and the societal implications of delayed aging.
How excitatory/inhibitory balance is maintained in the brain
Researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute and Nagoya University in Japan, and Ecole Normale Superieure in France have discovered how disturbed inhibitory connections are restored.
Darwin's finches may face extinction
Mathematical simulations at the University of Utah show parasitic flies may spell extinction for Darwin's finches in the Galapagos Islands, but that pest-control efforts might save the birds that helped inspire the theory of evolution.
Scientists create atomically thin boron
A team of scientists from Argonne National Laboratory, Northwestern University and Stony Brook University has, for the first time, created a two-dimensional sheet of boron -- a material known as borophene.
New report shows gains in health insurance across Texas fall behind rest of US
The rate of adults without health insurance across the US dropped nearly twice as much as in Texas from 2013 to 2015, according to a new report released today by Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy and the Episcopal Health Foundation.
Pancreas cancer liquid biopsy flows from blood-borne packets of tumor genes
Pancreatic cancer tumors spill their molecular secrets into the blood stream, shedding their complete DNA and RNA wrapped inside protective lipid particles that make them ripe for analysis with a liquid biopsy, researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center report online at the Annals of Oncology.
Science's 2015 Breakthrough of the Year: CRISPR
Science has chosen the genome editing method called CRISPR as its 2015 Breakthrough of the Year, an 'unprecedented selection,' Managing News Editor John Travis explains, given that the technique appeared twice before among Science's runner-ups, and is the only runner-up to subsequently be elevated to Breakthrough status.
International team says carnivore hunting policy and science don't align
An international group of biologists say that policies regulating the hunting of large carnivores do not always align with basic scientific data, which can undermine conservation efforts.
Pinpoint targeting instead of shotgun approach
Integrins help cells communicate with and adapt to their environment.
HKU scientists find 3 coronavirus species co-circulating in dromedary camels in Saudi Arabia and Korean outbreak of MERS caused by recombinant variant
An international research team, led by The University of Hong Kong, revealed that the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) coronavirus has become enzootic in dromedary camels in Saudi Arabia and diverged into five distinct lineages.
'Virtual fossil' reveals last common ancestor of humans and Neanderthals
New digital techniques have allowed researchers to predict structural evolution of the skull in the lineage of Homo sapiens and Neanderthals, in an effort to fill in blanks in the fossil record, and provide the first 3-D rendering of their last common ancestor.
How anti-evolution bills evolve
An evolutionary biologist has analyzed political opposition to evolution and found it has evolved.
Cleveland Clinic researchers identify potential approach to treat heart disease through the gut
Cleveland Clinic researchers have demonstrated -- for the first time -- that targeting microbes in the gut may prevent heart disease brought on by nutrients contained in a diet rich in red meat, eggs and high-fat dairy products.
Hepatitis C prevention, control efforts should focus on incarcerated individuals
More than 1 in 9 people with hepatitis C in Canada spend time in a correctional facility each year -- this presents unique opportunity to focus hepatitis C prevention and control efforts.
A step towards quantum electronics
Work of physicists at the University of Geneva, Switzerland, and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, in which they connected two materials with unusual quantum-mechanical properties through a quantum constriction, could open up a novel path towards both a deeper understanding of physics and future electronic devices.
'Smoke detector' enables fungal partnership that allowed plants to first survive on land
A protein that detects hormones in smoke has a much wider and more ancient role in the plant kingdom -- detecting microscopic soil fungi which colonize plants and feed nutrients to their cells.
Autism breakthrough
Using a visual test that is known to prompt different reactions in autistic and normal brains, Harvard researchers have shown that those differences were associated with a breakdown in the signaling pathway used by GABA, one of the brain's chief inhibitory neurotransmitters.
Drugging the microbiome may treat heart disease
A first-of-a-kind drug that interferes with the metabolic activity of gut microbes could one day treat heart disease in humans, according to a mouse study published Dec.
NASA looks at Tropical Cyclone Melor's rainfall and dissipation
When Tropical Storm Melor was raining on Luzon in the northern Philippines, the GPM satellite analyzed the rainfall rate.
American Epilepsy Society Annual Meeting hits new heights
Epilepsy remains one of the most common neurological conditions, affecting one in 26 Americans in their lifetime, with one-third having a form of the condition that resists treatment or effective management.
Prostate cancer discovery may make it easier to kill cancer cells
A newly discovered connection between two common prostate cancer treatments may soon make prostate cancer cells easier to destroy.
La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology team receives $18 million consortium grant
The La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology (LJI) is pleased to announce that an international team led by LJI investigator Alessandro Sette, Ph.D., is one of four recipients of a Human Immune Profiling Consortium (HIPC) grant in 2015.
New research shows how fly brain reroutes odor information to produce flexible behavior
Taking advantage of the simple architecture of the fruit fly brain, scientists examined how the molecule dopamine acts like an operator at a switchboard, changing the flow of information.
UZH scientists predict activity of human genes
Genetically identical sibling cells do not always behave the same way.
In vitro gametogenes: Just another way to have a baby?
New analysis by a George Washington University academic examines the possibility of using in vitro gametogenesis for human reproduction and its ethical and practical implications.
Anxiety Significantly Raises Risk for Dementia
Many studies have focused on a link between depression and dementia, but the USC-led study of Swedish twins data indicates that anxiety may be much more significant factor in memory loss.
Study links autism symptoms to change in brain chemistry
Researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on Dec.
30th anniversary of Symposia on Chysomelidae celebrated in a new leaf beetle-themed issue
For the last 30 years entomologists all over the world have been gathering together on a regular basis, led by their fascination with one of the three most captivating beetle families.
102 new species described by the California Academy of Sciences in 2015
From unknown African frogs to electric rays and animal viruses, spanning five continents and three oceans, the Academy's 102 new species discoveries add to Earth's tree of life.
Experiments explain the events behind molecular 'bomb' seen in cancer cells
Sometimes, in cancer cells, a part of a chromosome looks like it has been pulverized, then put back together incorrectly, leading to multiple mutations.
MERS virus in camels: Different variations and a vaccine
In light of recent outbreaks of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), two studies provide new insights into this life-threatening pathogen, with the first identifying five different lineages of the virus that have circulated between humans and camels, and the second evaluating a MERS-CoV vaccine for camels that could work as a preemptive measure to reduce the pathogen's spread.
Good news for feast lovers? Obesity-promoting genes discovered
A deeper understanding of the genetic mechanism of fat burning?
New generation of synthetic bone grafts created
Scientists led by Queen Mary University of London have developed a new type of synthetic bone graft that boosts the body's own ability to regenerate bone tissue and could produce better outcomes for patients.
'Robot locust' can traverse rocky terrain and assist in search and rescue
A new miniature robot from Tel Aviv University is poised to make a major contribution to the field of advanced robotics.
Exercise eases hot flushes during menopause
Exercise can reduce the amount and intensity of hot flushes experienced during the menopause, according to a study published today in The Journal of Physiology.
Penn Nursing research: Exceptional care requires patient-driven education
New research from the University of Pennsylvania's School of Nursing reveals that when it comes to quality communication, meeting the needs of all health-literacy levels requires creative thinking.
'Red Deer Cave people' bone points to mysterious species of pre-modern human
A thigh bone found in China suggests an ancient species of human thought to be long extinct may have survived until as recently as the end of the last Ice Age.
CMU behavioral economists: Health insurance complexity leads to costly mistakes
In a new JAMA Viewpoint, Carnegie Mellon University behavioral economists Saurabh Bhargava and George Loewenstein highlight the complexity Americans face when it comes to making health insurance decisions, discuss recent research on the mistakes consumers make when choosing between plans and describe the serious financial consequences of these poor choices.
Fungi may help drought-stressed wheat
Certain drought-stressed wheat cultivars perform better when their roots are in symbiosis with beneficial fungi.
Refugee scientists and academics: DFG to facilitate participation in research projects
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) plans to help scientists and academics who have fled their home countries to participate in DFG-funded research projects and thus contribute to the integration of refugees in research and society.
Researchers discover gene in fruit flies that explains how 1 species evolved into 2
Evolutionary biologists at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington and the University of Utah may have solved a century-old evolutionary riddle: How did two related fruit fly species arise from one?
Architecture of mTOR protein complex solved
For a long time it has been known that the protein TOR - Target of Rapamycin -- controls cell growth and is involved in the development of diseases such as cancer and diabetes.
Grant enables research into the neurocognitive foundations of human creativity
A $175,000 grant from the Imagination Institute will enable Evangelia Chrysikou to study the effects on the frontal lobes of transcranial direct current stimulation to improve people's creative thinking about everyday objects.
Burgess Shale fossil site gives up oldest evidence of brood care
Researchers have discovered the oldest direct evidence of brood care, with the identification of eggs containing preserved embryos in fossils of the 508-million-year-old Waptia fieldensis.
A gene for new species is discovered
A University of Utah-led study identified a long-sought 'hybrid inviability gene' responsible for dead or infertile offspring when two species of fruit flies mate with each other.
New reversible drug shows early promise in preventing dangerous clots
A uniquely acting antiplatelet agent, PZ-128, appears to be safe and fast for preventing blood clots and its effects are reversible, reducing risk for excessive bleeding.
FSG publishes report by Esteller et al. validating new Illumina MethylationEPIC BEadChip
Epigenomics, the MEDLINE-indexed journal published by Future Science Group, is excited to announce the publication of the first study validating the MethylationEPIC BEadChip microarray -- the new and improved DNA methylation array from Illumina (CA, USA).
Cancer drives patients to poverty in Southeast Asia
Five percent of cancer patients and their families were pushed into poverty in Southeast Asia between March 2012 and Sep.
Dietary cocoa flavanols improve blood vessel function in patients with kidney dysfunction
Ingesting a drink rich in cocoa flavanols improved blood vessel function and reduced diastolic blood pressure in patients with kidney failure.
Healthy reflections
People often choose the unhealthy food because they think it is tastier.
New Exeter research boosts antibiotic hope
A study led by Dr. Nicholas Harmer, Senior Lecturer in Structural Biochemistry at the University of Exeter, published today in the journal Chemistry and Biology, provides new information about the way bacterial cells build up a defensive sugar coating and how that process can be interrupted.
Physicists discover material for a more efficient energy storage
Predictions of physicists of the University of Luxembourg recently lead to the discovery of a material with special electric properties which engages the interest of plastics producing industry.
Deadly candidiasis must be addressed swiftly to help vulnerable patients
One of the most common causes of healthcare-associated infections, candidiasis is a serious, life-threatening fungal infection that needs to be treated early, aggressively and appropriately, note updated guidelines released by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases.
How the brain is protected against fungal pathogens by CARD9-mobilized neutrophils
CARD9 is a molecule that plays a role in defending mammals, including humans, against fungal infections.
Younger age associated with increased likelihood of targetable genotype in lung cancer
Patients younger than 50 diagnosed with non-small-cell lung cancer had a higher likelihood of having a targetable genomic alteration for which therapies exist, according to an article published online by JAMA Oncology.
Scientists identify mechanisms to reduce epileptic seizures following TBI
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have found that halting production of new neurons in the brain following traumatic brain injury can help reduce resulting epileptic seizures, cognitive decline, and impaired memory.
New research offers reassurance over multiple artery procedures for heart attack victims
New University of Leicester study examines the effects on the heart of treating multiple narrowed arteries at the time of a heart attack
The Lancet: Largest ever ovarian cancer trial suggests that screening reduces mortality, but longer follow-up is needed
One of the largest ever randomised trials has concluded that ovarian cancer screening may reduce ovarian cancer mortality by an estimated 20% after follow up of up to 14 years.
Researcher studies fish populations at world's second largest freshwater lake
Catherine Wagner, a University of Wyoming assistant professor in the Department of Botany and the UW Biodiversity Institute, is studying interactions between the biodiversity of East Africa's Lake Tanganyika and the human communities that live around the lake.
Roadmap to safer cyberspace
How do cybersecurity experts discover how to properly defend a system or build a network that's secure?
New proposal published in RIO tackles problematic trial detection in ClinicalTrials.gov
Clinical trials are crucial in determining the effectiveness of treatments and directly influence practical and policy decisions.
Why are truffles truly tremendous? (video)
What is expensive, a delicious addition to pasta and grows underground on the roots of trees?
Nutritional vitamin D supplements do not help treat anemia in dialysis patients
Vitamin D2 supplements taken for six months did not reduce dialysis patients' need for anemia drugs that stimulate red blood cell production.
NASA sees Tropical Depression 29W affected by wind shear
After Tropical Depression 29W formed west of Palau, NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite captured an image that showed wind shear is affecting the storm.
First evidence to suggest that screening for ovarian cancer may save lives
New results from the world's biggest ovarian cancer screening trial led by UCL suggest that screening based on an annual blood test may help reduce the number of women dying from the disease by around 20 percent.
Why smoking bans may have advantage over higher tobacco taxes
If governments want to discourage smoking among young people, both high taxes and smoking bans do the job -- but bans may have one key advantage.
Learning from the past: What yesterday's media can tell us about the times
If you want to get a real feel for what was happening during a certain period in history, how people really felt about the issues of the day, take a look at the media coverage.
Phytoplankton like it hot: Warming boosts biodiversity and photosynthesis in phytoplankton
Globally, phytoplankton -- microscopic water-borne plants -- absorb as much carbon dioxide as tropical rainforests and so understanding the way they respond to a warming climate is crucial.
MERS virus: Drying out the reservoir
A German-Dutch team has succeeded in immunizing dromedaries against the MERS virus.
Stem cells likely to be safe for use in regenerative medicine, study confirms
Cambridge researchers have found the strongest evidence to date that human pluripotent stem cells -- cells that can give rise to all tissues of the body -- will develop normally once transplanted into an embryo.
Fish oil helps transform fat cells from storage to burning
Kyoto University researchers have found that fish oil transforms fat-storage cells into fat-burning cells, which may reduce weight gain in middle age.

Best Science Podcasts 2018

We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2018. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Attention Please
In an age of constant information and infinite distractions, how can we pay more attention to our ... attention? This hour, TED speakers explore the battle for our awareness during the digital age. Guests include sociologist Zeynep Tufekci, podcast host Manoush Zomorodi, neuroscientist Amishi Jha, designer Tristan Harris, and computer scientist Jaron Lanier.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#475 Mother Nature is Trying to Kill You (Rebroadcast)
This week, we're learning how deadly and delightful our planet and its ecosystem can be. We're joined by biologist Dan Riskin, co-host of Discovery Canada's Daily Planet, to talk about his book "Mother Nature Is Trying to Kill You: a Lively Tour Through the Dark Side of the Natural World." And we'll talk to astronomer and author Phil Plait about Science Getaways, his company that offers educational vacation experiences for science lovers.