Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 30, 2015
Virtual colonoscopy an alternative to FOB test & colonoscopy for colorectal cancer?
Colorectal cancer is the third most diagnosed cancer in the world, with population screening being recommended for early disease detection, however, the most optimal method to screen for the disease remains unknown.

New DFG grant proposal for a software quality control able to stand the test of time
For a software to be maintained in an optimal condition, as well as in track of any necessary updates and innovations, it needs to be kept in check constantly.

3-D footage of nematode brains links neurons with motion and behavior
Princeton University researchers developed an instrument that allowed them to capture among the first 3-D recordings of neural activity in nearly the entire brain of a free-moving animal, the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans.

Increasing LNG exports 'marginally positive' for US economy
Increasing the United States' export of liquefied natural gas above 12 billion cubic feet per day would allow the US to continue to provide a competitive advantage for domestic natural-gas-intensive industries relative to their counterparts overseas, according to a new Rice University paper.

Significantly fewer severely injured patients than in 2000
About 18,000 people are severely injured every year in Germany, as determined by Florian Debus and coauthors in a new study published in Deutsches Ärzteblatt International.

Research finds parents can play a role in preventing teen fighting
With nearly one-fourth of teens reporting fighting in the past year, a new study finds parents, who are often left out of violence prevention programs, can play an important role in reducing adolescent altercations.

New method for better treatment of breast cancer
A new study shows that a novel imaging-based method for defining appropriateness of breast cancer treatment is as accurate as the current standard-of-care and could reduce the need for invasive tissue sampling.

Taking vitamin D may benefit people with MS
Taking a high dose of vitamin D3 is safe for people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and may correct the body's hyperactive immune response, according to a study published in the Dec.

Let hunger be your guide
New research published in the Journal of the Association for Consumer Research, found that the tendency of today's consumers to eat when they are not hungry might be less advantageous for health than eating when they are hungry.

Roger D. Borcherdt wins the 2016 Bruce A. Bolt Medal
Roger D. Borcherdt, scientist emeritus at the US Geological Survey and past Shimizu Visting Professor and consulting professor at Stanford University, is the 2016 recipient of the Bruce A.

With Botox 'chemodenervation,' dermal fillers last longer
Hyaluronic acid fillers are a popular treatment for facial lines and wrinkles, but early degradation of fillers may limit how long their effects last.

Russia can be one of the most energy-competitive areas based on renewables
A fully renewable energy system is achievable and economically viable in Russia and Central Asia in 2030.

Survey finds majority who believe it is sometimes necessary for government to sacrifice freedoms
A majority of Americans say it can be necessary for the government to sacrifice freedoms to fight terrorism, according to a new national survey conducted by The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research.

What are the risks of giving birth inside and outside a hospital setting?
The out-of-hospital birth setting in Oregon was associated with a higher risk of perinatal death, while the in-hospital birth setting was associated with a higher risk for cesarean delivery and other obstetric interventions (e.g., induction or augmentation of labor), according a study published today in the New England Journal of Medicine by researchers at Oregon Health & Science University.

Face time: ONR-sponsored tech reads facial expressions for autism symptoms
There's an app for everything these days -- from weight loss to working out.

Travel distance is still a barrier to breast reconstruction after mastectomy
Long travel distances continue to be a significant obstacle to breast reconstruction after mastectomy for breast cancer, reports a study in the January issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Extinguishing thirdhand smoke
Tobacco smoking leaves a dangerous legacy deposited into our clothes, homes, automobiles and hotel rooms that can affect the health of our loved ones and our community even years later.

Satellite captures birth of South Pacific Tropical Cyclone Ula
As Tropical Cyclone Ula was coming together, NOAA's GOES-West satellite captured an image of the consolidating storm in the Southern Pacific Ocean.

Mysterious radio signals from space are much better test of Einstein's General Relativity
A new way to test one of the basic principles underlying Einstein's theory of General Relativity using brief blasts of rare radio signals from space called Fast Radio Bursts is 10 to 100 times better than previous testing methods that used gamma-ray bursts.

Joint Mathematics Meetings in Seattle, Jan. 6-9
Over 6,000 mathematicians will attend the annual meetings of the American Mathematical Society and Mathematical Association of America at the Washington State Convention Center in Seattle, Jan.

This week from AGU: Research presented at the 2015 AGU Fall Meeting & mapping northern seas
New research shows that the tumultuous groundwater beneath northern Iceland's mist may hold the key to predicting future earthquakes in the region.

NASA analyzes Paraguay's heavy rainfall
Widespread flooding has recently affected South America and Paraguay has been especially hard hit.

Combining techniques provides new insight into bird migration
Two complementary methods work together in a study forthcoming in The Auk: Ornithological Advances, producing more refined estimates of where individual barn swallows spend the winter.

Taking vitamin D may benefit people with multiple sclerosis
Taking a high dose of vitamin D3 is safe for people with multiple sclerosis and may help regulate the body's hyperactive immune response, according to a pilot study published by Johns Hopkins physicians in the Dec.

T cells that recognize HER2 teceptor may prevent HER2+ breast cancer recurrence
Recurrence of HER2-positive breast cancer after treatment may be due to a specific and possibly cancer-induced weakness in the patient's immune system -- a weakness that in principle could be corrected with a HER2-targeted vaccine -- according to a new study.

NIH $1.68 M grant funds research to help patients with pancreatitis, diabetes
The NIH grant will explore a better treatment for chronic pancreatitis, with the hopes that it also may shed light on a future cure for patients with type 1 diabetes.
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