Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 31, 2015
Genetically correcting a muscle disorder
Three independent groups of researchers provide preliminary evidence that CRISPR can treat genetic disorders by editing a gene involved in muscle functioning, restoring some muscle function in mice with a specific type of muscular dystrophy.

New genes born by accident lead to evolutionary innovation
Novel genes are continuously emerging during evolution, but what drives this process?

Human-machine superintelligence can solve the world's most dire problems
At the heart of crowdsourcing, citizen science, and collective intelligence is human computation -- the science that aims to combine the unique strengths of humans and computers to create new capabilities.

CRISPR treats genetic disorder in adult mammal
Researchers at Duke University have used CRISPR to treat an adult mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

Penn-led team reprograms social behavior in carpenter ants using epigenetic drugs
In Florida carpenter ant colonies, distinct worker castes called minors and majors exhibit pronounced differences in social behavior throughout their lives.

Creating safer polio vaccine strains for the post-eradication era
While the goal of polio virus eradication is in sight, there are concerns about post-eradication manufacturing and stockpiling vaccine stores containing live virus that could escape and repopulate the environment.

Sylvester researchers describe role of STING protein in development of colorectal cancer
A new study published today by researchers at Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine (Sylvester) reports on a key finding about the immune system's response to tumor development following studies on colorectal cancer.

Bigelow Laboratory scientist part of Gulf of Mexico oil spill follow-up research
Dr. Christoph Aeppli from Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences was awarded a grant to investigate the long-term effects of petroleum released during the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.

A father's diet affects the RNA of his sperm, mouse study shows
Two new studies in mice demonstrate how a father's diet affects levels of specific small RNAs in his sperm, which in turn can affect gene regulation in offspring.

Melting, coating, and all-solid-state lithium batteries
The joint research team of Prof. Yoon Seok Jung and Prof.

Areas of increased poverty associated with higher rates of Ebola transmission
Since October 2014 the Ebola epidemic in West Africa has been diminishing and efforts have shifted from emergency response to prevention and mitigation of future outbreaks.

Gene-editing technique successfully stops progression of Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Using a new gene-editing technique, a team of scientists from UT Southwestern Medical Center stopped progression of Duchenne muscular dystrophy in young mice.

Late-season Central Pacific tropical depression forms
Tropical Depression 9C formed in the Central Pacific, 30 days after the official end to the Central Pacific Hurricane Season.

Seeing DROSHA for the first time
Scientists working at the IBS Center for RNA Research in South Korea are at the forefront of discovering and mapping out the complexities of the structures involved in this process of pri-miRNA biogenesis.

New technique offers strong, flawless 3-D printed ceramics
Researchers have developed a way to create ceramics using 3-D printing that results in a strong material with little tendency to crack that can be fabricated into complex, curved and porous shapes.

Scientists 're-engineer' behavior in ants by turning on genes in the brain
Starvation or an attack by enemies turn on genes in carpenter ants that change their behavior in ways that help their colony survive, according to a study co-authored by NYU Langone researchers and published in the Jan.

Saffron-based crocin prevents liver cancer: Preclinical studies and beyond!!
New study lead by UAE University Prof. Amr Amin unravels mechanisms by which saffron-based 'crocin' protects against liver cancer.

The billion dollar game of strategy: The effect of farmers' decisions on pest control
Researchers say that the actions of individual farmers should be considered when studying and modeling strategies of pest control.

How epigenetics can affect ants' behavior
By applying compounds that cause epigenetic changes to ants, researchers were able to change the insects' behavior.

Transition metal catalyst prompts 'conjunctive' cross-coupling reaction
Transition metals-enabled cross-coupling reactions are widely recognized as among the most significant catalysis tools available to chemists.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Ula's eye and rainfall
Tropical Cyclone Ula formed on Dec. 30 and continued tracking south of Pago Pago as NASA observed rainfall rates and saw an eye form the next day.
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