Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 08, 2016
CTCA at Western Regional Medical Center advances combination immunotherapy clinical trial
Cancer Treatment Centers of America® (CTCA) at Western Regional Medical Center (Western) in Goodyear, Arizona, has announced the launch of Phase II of the NivoPlus clinical trial, which combines the immunotherapeutic agent nivolumab with chemotherapy drugs irinotecan and capecitabine.

NASA investigates Tropical Storm Pali's temperatures, winds
The Central Pacific Ocean's out-of-season tropical depression has strengthened into a tropical storm and has been renamed Pali.

Optimized Arctic observations for improving weather forecast in the northern sea route
The Northern Sea Route could be an attractive shipping route during Arctic ice-free periods; however, the decline in sea-ice extent could also cause severe weather phenomena, which could disturb ship navigation in turn.

Milestone resource in wheat research now available for download
Leading on from The Genome Analysis Centre's previous announcement of their new bread wheat genome assembly, the landmark resource is now publically available to download at the European Bioinformatics Institute's Ensembl database for full analysis.

Scientists find key driver for treatment of deadly brain cancer
A factor in how malignant tumors spread may also be a key to treatment.

Airline passengers face longer delays under DOT rule, Dartmouth-MIT study finds
It takes most air passengers far more time to reach their destination despite a federal rule that penalizes airlines for stranding them onboard during lengthy tarmac delays, a Dartmouth College-Massachusetts Institute of Technology study finds.

Dr. W. Ian Lipkin receives China's top science honor
W. Ian Lipkin, MD, director of the Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, received China's top science honor for foreign scientists, the International Science and Technology Cooperation Award at a ceremony on Jan.

Researchers face potential danger from protein particles in the lab
Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites are found in the brains of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients.

Physicists offer theories to explain mysterious collision at Large Hadron Collider
Physicists around the world were puzzled recently when an unusual bump appeared in the signal of the Large Hadron Collider, the world's largest and most powerful particle accelerator, causing them to wonder if it was a new particle previously unknown, or perhaps even two new particles.

In defense of pathogenic proteins
Protein deposits in cells, such as those associated with diseases like Parkinson's and Alzheimer's, can also be beneficial -- at least for yeast cells, as biochemists at ETH Zurich have discovered.

BRCA1 deficiency increases the sensitivity of ovarian cancer cells to auranofin
An anti-rheumatic drug could improve the prognosis for ovarian cancer patients exhibiting a deficiency of the DNA repair protein BRCA1, a study led by Plymouth University has found.

NOAA's GOES-S, T and U satellites are shaping up
As NOAA's GOES-R satellite goes through mechanical testing in preparation for launch in October 2016, the remaining satellites in the series (GOES-S, T, and U) are also making significant progress.

Stem cells regulate their own proliferation and their microenvironment
A study by researchers at the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares Carlos III has identified a new mechanism through which hematopoietic stem cells control both their own proliferation and the characteristics of the niche that houses them.

Even children with higher IQs behave better when their sleep apnea is fixed
Many doctors will ask about quality of sleep when children have problems at school, but new research shows it's just as important to pay attention to how high achievers are sleeping.

Visualizing atoms of perovskite crystals
OIST researchers conduct the first atomic resolution study of perovskites used in next generation solar cells.

Harnessing computers to create a sustainable future
Harnessing the power of computers to help create an economically, environmentally and socially sustainable future -- that is the purpose of a major new grant issued by the National Science Foundation.

Two Indiana University professors named American Mathematical Society Fellows
Two Indiana University mathematicians have been named 2016 fellows of the American Mathematical Society for their outstanding contributions to the creation, exposition, advancement, communication and utilization of mathematics.

Breakthrough in the early diagnosis of preeclampsia
Results from an international multicenter study have demonstrated that the ratio of certain messengers in the blood of pregnant women can be used to reliably rule out preeclampsia, and to predict the risk of complications.

Genome-wide study in Labradors reveals a modifier gene for copper toxicosis
In Wilson disease, copper accumulates to toxic levels in tissues, causing neurological symptoms and liver disease.

Mechanical properties of nanomaterials are altered due to electric field, researchers find
University of Wyoming researchers for the first time have found that the electric field changes the fracture toughness of nanomaterials.

UTA biochemists are advancing research into autism, Alzheimer's disease and Down syndrome
Biochemists at The University of Texas at Arlington are mapping the catalytic processes of sulfur-oxidizing enzymes to improve understanding of the chemical imbalances found in patients with autism, Alzheimer's disease and Down syndrome.

Turning on the thyroid
Despite the prevalence of thyroid disease and its sometimes serious effects, researchers have struggled to answer a pretty basic question about the hormone-producing gland: What turns it on?

Anglers' gear, cooperation affect coral reef fisheries, Dartmouth research finds
Dartmouth College and University of California, Santa Barbara scientists studying a Caribbean fishing village are shedding new light on the social and ecological factors pressuring coral reef fisheries around the world.

Ebola medical team develops guidelines for treating infected children
When the Ebola virus outbreak erupted in West Africa in 2014, children infected with the virus -- particularly those under age 5 -- faced a high risk of death.

Xistential crisis: Discovery shows there's more to the story in silencing X chromosomes
Nearly every girl and woman on Earth carries two X chromosomes in nearly every one of her cells -- but one of them does (mostly) nothing.

Optimum band gap for hybrid silicon/perovskite tandem solar cell
Tandem solar cells based on silicon and perovskites have raised high hopes for future high efficiency solar modules.

NIH, Scientific American, Science salute UVA brain discovery
A shocking discovery about the human brain is being hailed as one of 2015's biggest scientific breakthroughs by numerous year-end lists, including those compiled by Scientific American, Sciencet and the National Institutes of Health.

Novel metasurface revolutionizes ubiquitous scientific tool
Researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and Innovation Center Iceland have built a polarimeter on a microchip, revolutionizing the design of this widely used scientific tool.

New democracy dataset to 'revolutionize' democracy research
A five-year collaboration between institutions in the United States and Sweden has resulted in a new, public dataset for researchers of democracy.

New Carl Zeiss Professorship will focus on environmental modeling of the climate system
The Carl Zeiss Foundation has agreed to provide funds for a new endowed professorship in the field of environmental and climate modeling at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz.

Large meteorite impacts and planetary evolution
Impact cratering is one of the most fundamental geological processes.

Award-winning book probes a new world of food regulation
The global food supply chain is more important and complex than ever, with rafts of new regulations, including measures to deal with 'food crime', which have been prompted by episodes such as the UK's recent horse meat scandal.

New report finds no significant increase in health risks for 1960s Project SHAD veterans
Veterans who participated in a series of tests during the 1960s known as Project SHAD (Shipboard Hazard and Defense) show no significant increase in adverse health outcomes, specific causes of death, or death rates compared with a similar group of veterans who were not involved in the tests, says a new report from a committee of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Postnatal depression linked to challenges in parenting -- could Oxytocin be helpful?
Caring for an infant is challenging for any mother -- but especially so for women with postnatal depression, which may lead to adverse effects on child outcomes.

Monitoring scoliosis patients on brace use prevents curve progression, surgery
Bracing often is recommended for adolescents diagnosed with idiopathic adolescent scoliosis, and a spinal curve between 25 and 45 degrees.

NASA sees stubborn Tropical Cyclone Ula kick up
Tropical Storm Ula strengthened over the night-time hours of Jan.

Risk taking across life span: The effects of hardship
With increasing age, the propensity to take physical, social, legal or financial risks decreases.

How seashells get their strength
Seashells and lobster claws are hard to break, but chalk is soft enough to draw on sidewalks.

A medical pop-up book from the 17th century
Columbia University has digitized an important anatomical flap book -- an early attempt to represent the three dimensionality of the human body in the two dimensional format of the book.

X-rays reveal details of plastic solar cell production
Plastic solar cells are light, easy to install, and readily produced using a printer.

Electronically connected graphene nanoribbons foresee high-speed electronics
An international research team at Tohoku University's Advanced Institute of Materials Research succeeded in chemically interconnecting chiral-edge graphene nanoribbons with zigzag-edge features by molecular assembly, and demonstrated electronic connection between GNRs.

Researchers' metallic glue may stick it to soldering and welding
Northeastern's Hanchen Huang and colleagues, experts in nanotechnology, have developed a glue that binds metal to metal to glass to you-name-it, sets at room temperature, and requires little pressure to seal.

American Epilepsy Society awarded six-year ACCME accreditation with commendation
The American Epilepsy Society (AES) has been awarded accreditation with commendation as a provider of continuing medical education (CME) for physicians.

The status quo on Europe's mussels
Mussels are the natural treatment plants of bodies of water and, therefore, just as important as bees.

Researchers reveal mechanisms of how body remembers, fights infections
Scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute have found a potential way to influence long-term memory formation in the immune system.

Interaction during reading is key to language development
A new University of Iowa study finds babies make more speech-like sounds during reading than when playing with puppets or toys -- and mothers are more responsive to these types of sounds while reading to their child than during the other activities.

ASU scientists discover how blue and green clays kill bacteria
ASU scientists have discovered the two key ingredients that give some natural clays the power to kill even antibiotic-resistant microbes.

Stance that tourism harms wildlife refuted
Two Texas A&M University scientists highlighted the conservation benefits of ecotourism worldwide and said a recent research review citing the dangers of ecotourism to wildlife is premature and problematic.

Using skin to save the heart
Cell therapies for heart ailments involve transplanting over a billion heart cells to the patient's heart.

Small males have more sex appeal, new research shows
Female burying beetles are more attracted to small partners because they are less likely to get into fights, a study by researchers at the University of Exeter has found.

New work on knee cartilage structure to aid better replacements and injury treatments
Fibrocartilage tissue in the knee is comprised of a more varied molecular structure than researchers previously appreciated.

Stir no more: University of Washington scientists show that draining speeds up bioassays
Three scientists at the University of Washington have proposed a way to speed up common bioassays.

Racial disparity lies at intersection of HIV, Hodgkin lymphoma
Among HIV-positive patients with Hodgkin lymphoma, a new study finds that blacks are significantly less likely than whites to receive treatment for the cancer, even though chemotherapy saves lives.

Quiet quasar has apparently eaten its fill
Astronomers with the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) announced that a distant quasar ran out of gas.

NASA looks at storms hitting California
Extreme rain events fueled by the current strong El Nino have started to affect California.
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