Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 11, 2016
DNA 'building blocks' pave the way for improved drug delivery
DNA has been used as a 'molecular building block' to construct synthetic bio-inspired pores which will improve the way drugs are delivered and help advance the field of synthetic biology, according to scientists from UCL and Nanion Technologies.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Ula's eye closing
NASA satellite imagery showed that Tropical Cyclone Ula's eye appeared to be 'closing' as clouds began filling it.

VTT's robot innovation automates short production runs
The quick-control system developed by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd slashes substantially the programming time for industrial robots, enabling the use of automation also in short production runs of single-item products.

Potential heart disorder cause, treatment identified
A novel therapy tested by University of Guelph scientists for treating a fatal heart disorder in dogs might ultimately help in diagnosing and treating heart disease in humans.

More research needed on evaluation of dense breasts
A systematic review of the scientific literature on dense breasts by researchers at UC Davis and other institutions has found that determinations of breast density can be unreliable and that as many as 19 percent of women are re-categorized as dense rather than non-dense or vice versa from one mammogram to the next.

Two-in-one packaging may increase drug efficacy and reduce side effects
Researchers have developed a speedy, controllable way to get two or more ingredients into the same tiny capsule and only have them mix when triggered by a signal like vibrations or heat.

Robotic glove invented by NUS researchers helps patients restore hand movements
A research team from the National University of Singapore has developed a new lightweight and smart rehabilitation device called EsoGlove to help patients who have lost their hand functions due to injuries or nerve-related conditions to restore their hand movements.

LA BioMed researcher honored for distinguished teaching
American College of Cardiology honors LA BioMed researcher John Michael Criley, MD, for his 'innovative, outstanding teaching.'

McMaster researchers reveal predictive staircase to leukemia
In the paper published today by the scientific journal Cancer Cell, the researchers detail how they have been able to fingerprint myelodysplastic syndromes, a state for blood cells that turns into acute myeloid leukemia cancer in approximately 30 percent of patients.

Thousands of landslides in Nepal earthquake raise parallels for Pacific Northwest
An evaluation of the major 7.8 magnitude subduction zone earthquake in Gorkha, Nepal, in April 2015, has identified characteristics that may be of special relevance to the future of the Pacific Northwest.

West Coast study emphasizes challenges faced by marine organisms exposed to global change
Along the West Coast, ocean acidification and hypoxia combine with other factors, such as rising ocean temperatures, to create serious challenges for marine life, a new study finds.

Kids' robotic rehab
A University of Delaware research team takes a new approach to pediatric rehabilitation, exploring the use of an interactive anthropomorphic robot.

Study examines the downside of larger families
Large families often capture the public's attention, from 'The Brady Bunch' to '19 Kids and Counting.' But new research from economists at the University of Houston offers strong evidence that children in larger families are more likely to fall behind in cognitive achievement and have behavioral and other problems.

Do video games affect college students' capability for suicide?
Suicide is the second leading cause of death among college students in the US, and a new study suggests that students who play many hours of action video games in particular may be more capable of acting on suicidal thoughts.

Transcendental Meditation may reduce PTSD symptoms, medication use in active-duty personnel
Regular practice of Transcendental Meditation enables some active duty service members battling post-traumatic stress disorder to reduce or even eliminate their psychotropic medication and get better control of their often-debilitating symptoms, researchers report in the journal Military Medicine.

University of Chicago Medicine named Center of Excellence by Cure HHT
For patients and their families with HHT, a rare genetic disorder involving blood vessel malformation, the University of Chicago Medicine is now designated as an HHT Center of Excellence by Cure HHT, the worldwide advocacy group for the disorder.

CHORI study finds higher fat variation of DASH diet lowers blood pressure, triglycerides
In a study to be published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition's (AJCN) February issue, researchers at the UCSF Benioff's Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute (CHORI) found that a higher fat DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet lowered blood pressure to the same extent as the DASH diet, but also reduced triglycerides and did not significantly raise LDL cholesterol.

A new way to print 3-D metals and alloys
A new method 'liberates' the 3-D printing process to enable a greater variety of printed metals and allows and makes printing metals faster, cheaper, and easier to scale up.

New anti-inflammatory agents can control inflammatory responses to fungal infection
The most frequent fungal threat to humans, Candida albicans, is a common cause oral and genital infection.

Are workarounds ethical in health care systems?
'There is more than one 'clean hands' problem in health care work,' writes Nancy Berlinger, a Hastings Center research scholar and a specialist in health care ethics, at the opening of her new book, 'Are Workarounds Ethical?

InSilico Medicine presents advances in deep learning for drug discovery and aging research
On Tuesday, Jan. 12, at 5:15 p.m. US ET, InSilico Medicine will present an update on recent advances in applying signaling pathway activation analysis and deep learning to drug discovery and drug repurposing for age-related diseases at the Biotech Showcase in San Francisco.

NCAR announces powerful new supercomputer for scientific discovery
NCAR has selected its next supercomputer for advancing atmospheric and Earth science.

NASA eyeing an interesting weather system in northern Atlantic
A non-tropical low pressure system that has a possibility of developing subtropical characteristics has developed in the Northern Hemisphere tropics.

Backyard chickens harbor greater diversity of ticks, mites, and lice than farm-raised chickens
Backyard chickens may live a sweeter life than chickens on commercial poultry farms, but roaming green grass and scratching real dirt exposes these birds to a different suite of parasites than those found in most commercial facilities.

You can't fool this activity tracker
No more faking out your smartphone or bracelet activity tracker.

Stage increase in lung cancer more frequent after open vs. closed thoracic surgery
An increase in the stage of non-small cell lung cancer due to cancer positive lymph node discovery was more common following open chest surgery for lung lobe removal of early stage lung cancer compared to the closed chest procedure known as video assisted thoracic surgery.

Magic mold: Food preservative kills cancer cells, superbugs
Nisin, a naturally occurring food preservative that grows on dairy products, delivers a one-two punch to two of medicine's most lethal maladies: cancer and deadly, antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

NSF's iPlant Collaborative rebrands to CyVerse
The National Science Foundation-funded project expands its data management capabilities across several scientific disciplines.

Brain's immune cells key to maintaining blood-brain barrier
New research shows that the cells responsible for protecting the brain from infection and inflammation are also responsible for repairing the system of defenses that separates the brain from the rest of the body.

Legal barriers to adolescent participation in HIV and STI research need to be removed
Parental permission for adolescent participation in research on HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is not required ethically and may undermine public health interests, according to a new paper by law and public health experts at Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy and Baylor College of Medicine.

How sensitive and accurate are routine NMR and MS instruments?
The article draws specific attention to the 'must know' factors, which are necessary in order to achieve reliable measurements using NMR, EI-MS and ESI-MS analytic tools in life sciences, chemistry, catalysis, material science and engineering.

The Institut Pasteur in French Guiana publishes the first complete genome sequence of the Zika virus
Having confirmed the first cases of infection in Suriname then in French Guiana, the Institut Pasteur in French Guiana has sequenced the complete genome of the Zika virus, which is responsible for an unprecedented epidemic currently sweeping through the tropical regions of the Americas.

When parents act badly: Book explores 'parental alienation'
In a new book, Colorado State University social scientists are shedding light on the understudied problem of parental alienation.

Researchers find shared molecular response to tobacco smoke and indoor air pollution
Exposure to certain household air pollutants may cause some of the same molecular changes as smoking cigarettes.

What's in store for survivors of childhood cancers that affect vision?
Little is known about the long-term health of survivors of childhood cancers that affect vision, but two new studies provide valuable insights that could impact patient care and follow-up.

Recycling light
In a study published in Nature Nanotechnology, a team of MIT researchers describes a way to recycle light emitted at unwanted infrared wavelengths while optimizing the emission at useful visible wavelengths.

MD Anderson and Enumeral enter into collaborative research and development agreement
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center today announced that it has entered into a collaborative research and development agreement with Enumeral Biomedical Holdings Inc.

Making a safe procedure even safer
In a comprehensive modeling study, researchers from UC Davis and other institutions have found that breast cancer screening with digital mammography poses only a small risk of radiation-induced breast cancer for most women.

International study reveals genetic associations that influence adult onset glaucoma
Researchers from Massachusetts Eye and Ear/Harvard Medical School and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have led an international effort to identify three genetic associations that influence susceptibility to primary open angle glaucoma -- the most common form of adult onset glaucoma and the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world.

The way you sound affects your mood
Researchers have created a digital audio platform that can modify the emotional tone of people's voices while they are talking, to make them sound happier, sadder or more fearful.

Exercise associated with prevention of low back pain
A review of medical literature suggests that exercise, alone or in combination with education, may reduce the risk of low back pain, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Puff adders, the ultimate ambush predator
The puff adder, Bitis Arietans, one of Africa's most abundant and venomous snake species has long been known to be a master of camouflage, but Wits researchers has shown that it is the first land animal to be shown to make use of chemical crypsis (scent camouflage) to hide from predators and prey.

New University of Alberta study challenges 'mid-life crisis' theory
A 25-year longitudinal study by University of Alberta researchers now suggests the curve in happiness from early adulthood to midlife goes up, not down.

Five percent of Ontario residents account for majority of health care costs
Five percent of Ontarians account for 65 percent of provincial health care costs for individual care, with the top 1 percent accounting for one-third of these costs, according to new research published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

People seeking treatment for depression may not be getting all the information they want
More than 15 million American adults seek treatment for depression each year.

High folic acid intake in aged mice causes a lowered immune response
A study in aged mice shows that excess folic acid intake causes lowered immune function because important immune cells, called natural killer cells, are less effective.

Cedars-Sinai physician developing risk assessment for sudden cardiac arrest
A Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute physician researcher has received a $2.5 million grant from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute to develop a risk assessment tool that could identify patients susceptible to sudden cardiac arrest, a usually fatal heart rhythm malfunction.

Digital imagery useful for pyrethrum analysis
Using digital image analysis, scientists developed a rapid, nondestructive method for determining pyrethrum flower number.

January/February 2016 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
The tip sheet features synopses of original research and commentary published in the January/February 2016 issue of Annals of Family Medicine.

Biomarker can predict risk of preterm birth from first half of pregnancy
Offering a standard biomarker test earlier in pregnancy could potentially help doctors to better identify women at risk of giving birth prematurely, thus enabling health services to focus treatments on women at highest risk, according to a new study led by King's College London.

Study: Can essential oils help children with autism?
Parents often use essential oils on their children with autism to help them remain calm and sleep better.

Dog domestication may have increased harmful genetic changes, UCLA biologists report
Dog domestication may have inadvertently led to harmful genetic changes, a UCLA-led study suggests.

PhD Project Plan published to invite community feedback early on
Development and implementation of novel methods for publication, visualization and dissemination of the constantly growing biodiversity and genomic data are the main objective of the first PhD Project Plan available from the open-access Research Ideas and Outcomes journal.

Ancient burial rituals prove you can take it with you... and what you take says a lot
University of Cincinnati research on ancient burial tombs unlocks the mysteries of pre-Roman social status and cultural change, including urbanization, militarism and even likely shifts in drinking patterns.

NIH awards will support development of therapeutic alternatives to traditional antibiotics
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, has awarded approximately $5 million in funding for 24 research projects seeking to develop non-traditional therapeutics for bacterial infections to help address the growing health threat of antibiotic resistance.

PNAS: Childhood leukemias forged by different evolutionary forces than in older adults
A University of Colorado Cancer Center paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences shows that the evolutionary force of genetic drift contributes to the ability of cancerous cells to overtake populations of healthy cells in young children.

Ames Laboratory scientist named to National Academy of Inventors
US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory senior metallurgist Iver Anderson has been named a Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors.

Could a cholesterol-lowering drug be a potential treatment for Parkinson's?
A clinical trial using cholesterol-lowering treatment Simvastatin in people living with Parkinson's is getting underway in centers across England -- with the hope that it could become one of a number of effective treatments available to treat Parkinson's.

Unique 2-level cathode structure improves battery performance
A team of scientists from the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory say they've found a way to make a battery cathode with a hierarchical structure where the reactive material is abundant yet protected -- key points for high capacity and long battery life.

USPSTF final recommendations on breast cancer screening
The US Preventive Services Task Force published a final recommendation statement on screening for breast cancer following an in-depth review of the science on the benefits and harms of screening mammography, and a detailed review of input received from the public and health care professionals on its 2015 draft recommendation.

Eftekharnejad secures grant to protect power systems from cyberattacks
Professor Sara Eftekharnejad has been awarded a National Science Foundation grant to investigate securing the smart grid from cyber threats.

One hookah tobacco smoking session delivers 25 times the tar of a single cigarette
As cigarette smoking rates fall, more people are smoking tobacco from hookahs -communal pipes that enable users to draw tobacco smoke through water.

Consumer perception of organic foods affected by food type and where they're sold
The organic food industry has grown from fresh produce and grains to snack foods and condiments -- from farmers markets to supercenters.

Most top-selling, over-the-counter sexual treatments unproven, some could be harmful
From horny goat weed to ginseng and maca, over-the-counter dietary supplements sold to improve male sexual health contain a wide variety of

Once thought unstoppable, bacterial superweapon falters with too many targets
Researchers from Princeton University and the University of Basel found that a mechanism used by many disease-causing bacteria that was once thought to be a microbial superweapon can be thwarted if the cells being attacked are numerous enough.

Preschoolers who eat their veggies just as likely to eat junk food
Public-health experts have long expected that kids who eat more carrots and apples are less likely to eat a lot of candy and fries, but new research is calling that into question.

Even small reductions in kidney function may damage heart, blood vessels
Even small reductions in kidney function are associated with heart and blood vessel damage.

Atherosclerosis is Alzheimer's disease of blood vessels, study suggests
In atherosclerosis, plaque builds up on the inner walls of arteries that deliver blood to the body.

Drip irrigation rates tested for eggplant growth and yield
Experiments assessed the effects of irrigation rate on plant growth and fruit yield in eggplant.

Scientists pinpoint unbroken section of Nepal fault line and show why Himalayas grow
'Kink' in fault explains long-term growth of highest mountains in years between earthquakes.

Researchers film beautiful flower formations inside artificial cell membranes
Every day all over the world, researchers work with artificial cell membranes.

Linking gene expression and DNA methylation in single cells
A new single-cell genomics protocol allows researchers to study links between DNA modifications (methylation) and the activity of a gene.

Robotic vehicles offer a new tool in study of shark behavior
The dramatic video footage of a great white shark attacking the REMUS SharkCam autonomous underwater vehicle brought some of the highest ratings to Shark Week 2014 and went viral.

Polymer puts new medical solutions within reach
Combining the properties of liquid crystals and hydrogels in just the right proportions creates the potential for new materials that have the same mechanical properties as soft tissues in the body.

New analyses confirms biennial mammography starting at age 50 is optimal for average women
New and comprehensive analyses from six independent research teams examining breast cancer screening intervals have produced a unanimous finding -- that mammography screening every two years for average risk women ages 50 to 74 offers a favorable balance of benefits to harm.

Too much sugar? There's an enzyme for that
Guilt-free sugary treats may be on the horizon. Scientists at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM) have discovered an enzyme that can stop the toxic effects of sugar in various organs of the body.

Blood test that monitors dead cancer cell DNA better at tracking spread of melanoma
Physicians treating patients with metastatic melanoma -- one of the most aggressive forms of skin cancer -- may soon have a superior tool in their efforts to closely track the disease.

IUPUI develops technique for detection of illicit enhancement of racing tire performance
A new study from the Forensic and Investigative Sciences Program of the School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis explores the illicit treatment of racing tires with volatile chemicals to improve function and presents a new and effective method to determine if tires have been doctored.

New therapy aids bid to beat organ failure caused by pancreatitis
Scientists have discovered an experimental medicine that protects against organ damage caused by a condition linked to excessive alcohol consumption.

Sugar-sweetened drinks linked to increased visceral fat
Drinking sugar-sweetened beverages every day was associated with an increase in a particular type of body fat that may affect diabetes and heart disease risk.

A nanophotonic comeback for incandescent bulbs?
Researchers combine the warm look of traditional light bulbs with 21st-century energy efficiency.

Scientists identify protein interaction that defines an aggressive brain tumor subtype
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital and University of Würzburg show how the interaction of two proteins leads to medulloblastoma subtype with the worst prognosis; scientists also discover possible treatment strategy.

A G-Protein-Coupled Receptor may be a drug target for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
New research published in the January 2016 issue of The FASEB Journal suggests that the G-protein-coupled receptor 119 (GPR119) could be a viable treatment target for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Life-extending hormone bolsters the body's immune function
A hormone that extends lifespan in mice by 40 percent is produced by specialized cells in the thymus gland, according to a new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers.

Quick screening method identifies promising anti-Ebola drugs
A quick screening method has been used for the first time in a standard open laboratory to identify and test promising anti-Ebola drugs.

Squeezing cells into stem cells
EPFL scientists have developed a new method that turns cells into stem cells by 'squeezing' them.

Backyard chickens harbor many parasites
Backyard chickens may not live as good of a life as most people think.

Rapid, low cost laser-based technique for biomass analysis described in Industrial Biotechnology
Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy is emerging as a fast, cost-efficient method for identifying the total amount and specific compounds that comprise the inorganic component of biomass.

Painkiller tapped to become future cancer-killer
Diclofenac, a common painkiller, has significant anti-cancer properties, according to researchers from the Repurposing Drugs in Oncology project.

Government instability prompts support for lighter-skinned candidates
Government instability prompts both Black and White Americans to show a preference for lighter-skinned over darker-skinned political candidates, researchers at New York University, the University of Chicago, and Rutgers University have found.

Creating 'medical homes' involves significant costs, study finds
Converting primary care medical practices to the 'medical home' model is intended to help improve quality and cut medical spending.

Will computers ever truly understand what we're saying?
If you think computers are quickly approaching true human communication, think again.

Self-adaptive material heals itself, stays tough
Rice University scientists invent an adaptive material that heals itself and bounces back from extraordinary compression.

Study looks at association of infant gut microbiome, delivery mode and feeding
The composition of the gut microbiome in infants at six weeks of age appears to be associated with the delivery method by which they were born and how they were fed, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Key to the development of fundamental treatment methods for Parkinson's disease
Lewy bodies had been considered to be a key element of pathogenesis for Parkinson's disease.

Conflict among honey bee genes supports theory of altruism
Using modern genetic approaches, a team of researchers has provided strong support for the long-standing, but hotly debated, evolutionary theory of kin selection, which suggests that altruistic behavior occurs as a way to pass genes to the next generation.

Illinois and Syngenta sign agreement for access to RIPE intellectual property
The University of Illinois and Syngenta Crop Protection, LLC, have signed an agreement to implement a commercialization strategy for intellectual property developed under the 'RIPE: Realizing Increased Photosynthetic Efficiency for Sustainable Increases in Crop Yield' project, which is funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Proton pump inhibitors associated with risk of chronic kidney disease
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), which are commonly used drugs to reduce acid in the stomach, appear to be associated with an increased risk of chronic kidney disease but more research is needed to determine whether PPI use causes kidney damage, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

A simple way to make lithium-ion battery electrodes that protect themselves
Scientists at three Department of Energy national laboratories have discovered how to keep a promising new type of lithium ion battery cathode from developing a crusty coating that degrades its performance.

Exercise reduces heart disease risk in depressed patients
Symptoms of mild to minimal depression were associated with early indicators of heart disease in a research letter published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, but the study found regular exercise seems to reduce the adverse cardiovascular consequences of depression.

Giant icebergs play key role in removing CO2 from the atmosphere
Giant icebergs are responsible for storing up to 20 percent of carbon in the Southern Ocean, a new study has found.

Early weight loss in Parkinson's disease patients may signify more serious form of disease
A study led by a Massachusetts General Hospital investigator finds evidence of an association between weight loss in patients with early Parkinson's disease and more rapid disease progression.

Researchers suggest playing American Football may be a risk factor for hypertension
As National Football League playoff games are underway, a new article published in the 'Hypotheses' section of the January 2016 issue of The FASEB Journal, suggests that the toll the sport takes on players' bodies extends beyond head trauma and damage to limbs and joints.

Researchers closer to better treatment for leading cause of hospital-acquired diarrhea
Researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center have obtained the crystal structure of a toxin from the bacterium Clostridium difficile ('C. diff') -- the leading cause of hospital-acquired diarrhea in the United States.

Study: Second-generation biofuels can reduce emissions
Second-generation biofuel crops like the perennial grasses Miscanthus and switchgrass can efficiently meet emission reduction goals without significantly displacing cropland used for food production, according to a new study.

Technique matters: A different way to make cathodes may mean better batteries
Lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide, or NMC, is one of the most promising chemistries for better lithium batteries, especially for electric vehicle applications, but scientists have been struggling to get higher capacity out of them.

Survey finds 73 percent unaware of stroke symptoms
In a new survey by Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center, people under the age of 45 were asked what they would do in the first three hours of experiencing symptoms of a stroke.

Single molecule detection of contaminants, explosives or diseases now possible
A technique that combines the ultrasensitivity of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) with a slippery surface invented by Penn State researchers will make it feasible to detect single molecules of a number of chemical and biological species from gaseous, liquid or solid samples.

Girls should expect poorer physics grades
Secondary school physics teachers with little teaching experience handed out significantly poorer grades to girls than boys for the exact same performance.

Researchers discover three glaucoma-related genes
An analysis funded by the National Eye Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health, has identified three genes that contribute to the most common type of glaucoma.

Mothers' appetites can keep size of wild animal groups in check
The eating habits of mothers may be key to keeping wild animal populations steady, a study suggests.

Future of lung treatment: Malaysian scientists join Harvard team creating safe, effective nano drugs
Scientists from Malaysia are teaming with Harvard University experts to help revolutionize the treatment of lung diseases -- the safe, effective delivery of nanomedicine deep into parts of the lung unreachable using common inhalers.

Growth rings on rocks give up North American climate secrets
A team led by UC Berkeley soil scientists use soil deposits that form growth rings on rocks to provide a detailed picture of North American climate over a 120,000-year time span.

Unusual Tropical Storm Pali still thriving far from Hawaii
Tropical Storm Pali, an out-of-season storm for the Central Pacific Ocean, continues to thrive about 8 degrees latitude north of the Equator.

Untapped region in brain cell offers goldmine of drug targets for new autism treatments
UCLA scientists have discovered that an overlooked region in brain cells houses a motherlode of mutated genes previously tied to autism.

Save the date to report on meeting of 2nd-largest physician organization in US
Health care journalists can report on a broad array of clinical and policy topics and interview expert physician leaders at Internal Medicine Meeting 2016, the annual scientific meeting of the American College of Physicians (ACP), in Washington, D.C., May 5 - 7 (Thursday through Saturday) at the Walter E.

New Stanford battery shuts down at high temperatures and restarts when it cools
Stanford researchers have developed the first lithium-ion battery that shuts down before overheating, then restarts immediately when the temperature cools.

Study reveals potential therapy targets for triple-negative breast cancer
In cancer, cell signaling pathways are the critical chain of events that can either quash or quicken disease progression.

Global learning is needed to save carbon capture and storage from being abandoned
Governments should not be abandoning carbon capture and storage, argues a Cambridge researcher, as it is the only realistic way of dramatically reducing carbon emissions.

Ecosystem services research and stakeholder involvement: Between theories and practice
What do people value, why and how? This should be a leading question in sustainability research, but putting it into practise can be tricky.

Decision making in action
The brain prepares multiple available movements before deciding between them, according to findings from Queen's researchers Jason Gallivan and Randy Flanagan.

Decades-long quest to beat river blindness edges towards vaccine
The world's first vaccine for a disease that causes misery for millions in Africa could be tested within five years.

The 'eyes' have it: Astronaut vision and ophthalmologic problems explained
Just when you think you've seen it all, our eyes look to be victims of a low-gravity environments, too. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to