Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 14, 2016
Study finds high melt rates on Antarctica's most stable ice shelf
A new Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego-led study measured a melt rate that is 25 times higher than expected on one part of the Ross Ice Shelf.

The most remarkable project on optical measurement technologies in Finland has started
Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation, Tekes is funding so far the biggest joint project on optical measurement in Finland.

Researchers develop novel cell line for screening of brain drugs
Researchers from the Department of Pharmacy at the University of Copenhagen have developed a cell line, which may be used to investigate new drugs and help predict whether they are able to enter the brain.

New tool may help predict patients' motor function recovery after stroke
Graph theoretical analysis is proving to be helpful in understanding complex networks in the brain.

New pharmaceutical building block could accelerate drug development
Researchers have developed a family of reagents that can add tight, ring-shaped structures that boost a drug's beneficial properties to a wide variety of drug candidates.

Nanoprobe development will enable scientists to uncover more DNA secrets
Scientists at the University of Kent have led a study that has developed a 'nanoprobe', a tenth of the size of a human hair, to help uncover more of the secrets of DNA.

Scientists show a new way to absorb electromagnetic radiation
A team of authors have demonstrated that it is possible to fully absorb electromagnetic radiation using an anisotropic crystal.

Eleven NUS scientists and engineers among the world's most influential scientific minds
Eleven scientists and engineers from the National University of Singapore have been recognised as among the world's most prominent scientific minds, according to the Highly Cited Researchers 2015 report published by Thomson Reuters.

UBC study: Rats pose health threat to poultry and humans
Rats can absorb disease agents from their local environment and spread them, according to a new UBC study.

Study of altruism during the Ebola outbreak suggests good intentions are in the details
A study of risk communication as it relates to altruistic behavior has found that portraying an event as a distant risk, despite highlighting its importance and potential progression, fails to prompt altruistic behavior intention among the US public.

Remembering to the future: Researchers shed new light on how our memories guide attention
A team of researchers has discovered that differences in the types of memories we have influence the nature of our future encounters.

Is suicide a tragic variant of an evolutionarily adaptive set of behaviors?
What do snapping shrimp, naked mole rats, ants, honeybees, and humans all have in common?

'Bursting' cells gain the brain's attention for life-or-death decisions
Using optogenetics and other technology, researchers have for the first time precisely manipulated the bursting activity of cells in the thalamus, tying this alerting activity to the sense of touch.

Study reveals how birds learn through imitation
Changes in brain circuitry occur as young zebra finches go from listening to their fathers' songs to knowing the songs themselves, according to a study led by NYU Langone Medical Center and published online in a Science cover report on Jan.

Serendipitous orchid: An unexpected species discovered in Mexican deciduous forests
A new elegant orchid species that grows on rocks in deciduous forests in Mexico, has finally put an end to a long standing dispute among taxonomists.

Closer look reveals nematode nervous systems differ
Nematodes, an abundant group of roundworms that exist in nearly every habitat, have long been used as model organisms for studying the function of neurons -- the basic unit of animal nervous systems.

Making the invisible visible: Color-changing indicators highlight microscopic damage
Damage developing in a material can be difficult to see until something breaks or fails.

Headlines to cover at the AAAS Annual Meeting in Washington, DC
Forensic techniques to fight wildlife crime, new information on how children learn language, and strategies to combat addiction, dementia tied to hearing loss, and weather-driven food shortages will be a few of this year's headlines at the world's largest general scientific conference.

New theory of secondary inflation expands options for avoiding an excess of dark matter
A new theory from physicists at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, and Stony Brook University, which will publish online on Jan.

UK launches world's first national tissue bank for pancreatic cancer research
The world's first national tissue bank for pancreatic cancer is to launch in the UK, to help push forward research into the cancer with the bleakest prognosis.

Eindhoven student team to build the world's first car powered by formic acid
Building a car that is powered by formic acid. That is the ambition of Team FAST, a new student team from Eindhoven University of Technology.

BESC study seeks nature's best biocatalysts for biofuel production
Researchers are looking beyond the usual suspects in the search for microbes that can efficiently break down inedible plant matter for conversion to biofuels.

Brain waves may be spread by weak electrical field
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University may have found a new way information is communicated throughout the brain.

Risk factors for weapon involvement in adolescents vary by race and gender
In 2011, almost 13 percent of high school students had been victimized with weapons.

Restaurant industry unharmed by modest minimum wage hikes
In the past 20 years, whenever federal, state or local laws have modestly raised minimum wages, the US restaurant industry has opposed them.

ASTRO applauds and pledges support to President's commitment to advancing cancer research
The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) applauds President Obama and Vice President Biden for affirming their commitment to improving cancer patients' lives through the 'moonshot' effort in cancer research announced in the President's State of the Union speech on Tuesday.

First all-antiferromagnetic memory device could get digital data storage in a spin
If you haven't already heard of antiferromagnetic spintronics it won't be long before you do.

Researchers attack citrus greening with $4 million USDA grant
International researchers, including ones at Florida State University and the University of Florida, are teaming up through a $4 million grant from the United States Department of Agriculture to attack the problem of citrus greening, a disease that has devastated citrus crops in Florida.

New tool to map fishing activities in Europe
A new tool developed by the JRC provides for the first time detailed maps of high intensity fisheries areas in 2014-2015 in Europe.

Preventing youth gun violence: What we know and still need to know
The causes of youth gun violence are complex and while focusing on just a single variable will probably not prevent shootings, understanding and preventing youth violence should be a national priority, according to a comprehensive review published by the American Psychological Association.

Researchers discover key pathway involved in blood vessel occlusion
Researchers have made a breakthrough in understanding blood vessel occlusion by discovering a novel pathway involved in this process.

School shootings and street violence: How they're alike and different
The two types of youth gun violence couldn't be more different, but the ways to prevent them remain largely the same, according to a new report by some of America's top violence researchers.

Health warning labels may deter parents from purchasing sugar-sweetened beverages for kids
Health warning labels similar to those found on tobacco products may have a powerful effect on whether parents purchase sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) for their children, according to a new study.

Born to break: Mutation causes fragile bones
People born with Hajdu-Cheney syndrome develop misshapen skeletons and bones that quickly start to soften and fracture.

The S-stroke or I-stroke?
The year 2016 is an Olympic year. Developments in high-performance swimwear for swimming continue to advance, along with other areas of scientific research.

Texas laws would limit access to abortions and create grave risk to the public health
Nearly 60 leaders in the field of public health submitted an amicus brief to the Supreme Court last week arguing that two Texas laws restricting abortion clinics creates a 'grave risk to public health.'

Sandia Labs playing key role in grid modernization
Sandia National Laboratories is leading the Security and Resilience area of the Department of Energy's Grid Modernization Laboratory Consortium and bringing its strong research capability in grid modernization to help the nation modernize its power grid.

Study: Deadly amphibian fungus may decline
A new study by WCS and other groups offers a glimmer of hope for some amphibian populations decimated by the deadly chytrid fungus: climate change may make environmental conditions for the fungus unsuitable in some regions and potentially stave off the spread of disease in African amphibian populations struggling to adapt to changes brought about by global warming.

Why fish intake by pregnant women improves the growth of a child's brain
Researchers at Tohoku University's School of Medicine have found an explanation for the correlation between eating fish during pregnancy, and the health of the baby's brain.

Teenagers' role in language change is overstated, linguistics research finds
Teenagers are not solely causing language change, according to Kansas State University research.

Valentin Fuster, Editor-in-Chief of JACC, awarded Spain's Cruz de la Orden Civil Sanidad
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical, and medical information products and services, has announced that noted cardiologist Valentin Fuster, M.D., Ph.D., Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC) was recently awarded the Gran Cruz de la Orden Civil Sanidad (Grand Cross of the Civil Order of Health) by the Spanish government.

Researchers solve long-standing ecological riddle
Researchers have found clear evidence that communities rich in species are substantially healthier and more productive than those depleted of species, once complicating factors are removed.

Kidney stones are on the rise among youth, especially in females and African-Americans
Kidney stones are increasing, particularly among adolescents, females, and African-Americans in the US, a striking change from the historic pattern in which middle-aged white men were at highest risk for the painful condition.

MUSC launches first clinical trial involving two powerful drugs for lung cancer
In an international first, people with lung cancer will find out if a new combination of drugs can kick-start their bodies' ability to fight back against the disease.

Record-shattering cosmic blast could help crack the case of extreme supernova explosions
The most powerful supernovae ever observed, ASASSN-15lh, may help scientist unlock the secrets of a rare class of celestial detonations.

Nanodevice, build thyself
Researchers in Germany studied how a multitude of electronic interactions govern the encounter between a molecule called porphine and copper and silver surfaces -- information that could one day be harnessed to make molecular building blocks self-assemble into nanodevices.

IU study shows first evidence for independent working memory systems in animals
A new study from Indiana University is the first to confirm that animals possess multiple 'working memory' systems, or the ability to remember more information across two categories versus a single category.

New study indicates students' cognitive functioning improves when using standing desks
Do students think best when on their feet? Findings published recently in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health provide the first evidence of neurocognitive benefits of stand-height desks in classrooms.

How will climate policy affect energy access goals?
Without new subsidies and policies to support increased energy access, new climate policies could push access to modern energy out of reach for millions in Asia.

Two NTU professors in Thomson Reuters' list of the world's 19 hottest researchers
Two scientists from Nanyang Technological University -- Professor David Lou and Professor Zhang Hua -- have made it into the ranking of the World's Hottest Researchers 2015 by Thomson Reuters.

Rapid version of assessment tool provides easier way to monitor wetland quality
A modified or 'rapid' version of an existing wetland assessment tool can accurately assess the quality of wetlands, according to Penn State researchers.

Calcium and Cell Function
This SRC focuses on calcium channels, signaling pathways and binding proteins in health and disease.

Vibration makes workouts 25 to 100 percent more effective
By adding a 30 Hertz vibration to a workout session, the training impact of that workout can be boosted by 25 to 100 percent, researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology have discovered.

UNC-Chapel Hill researchers kill drug-resistant lung cancer with 50 times less chemo
The cancer drug paclitaxel just got more effective. For the first time, researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have packaged it in containers derived from a patient's own immune system, protecting the drug from being destroyed by the body's own defenses and bringing the entire payload to the tumor.

FASEB issues recommendations on reproducibility
On Jan. 14, the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) issued Enhancing Research Reproducibility, a set of recommendations aimed to promote the reproducibility and transparency of biomedical and biological research.

Low blood levels of bicarbonate linked to earlier death in healthy older adults
Generally healthy older individuals with normal or high bicarbonate levels in the blood had a similar risk of dying during follow-up, but patients with low bicarbonate had a 24 percent increased risk compared with these groups.

Metamaterials boost sensitivity of MRI machines
Researchers have developed a technology that can reduce Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scanning times by more than 50 percent, meaning hospitals can drastically increase the number of scans without changing equipment.

'Inflamm-aging' by seniors may impact pneumonia susceptibility
Research indicates anti-bacterial strategies need to be tailored to the age of the patient.

Chimp friendships are based on trust
It almost goes without saying that trust is a defining element of genuine human friendship.

Occupational textile dust exposure linked to rheumatoid arthritis
Occupational exposure to textile dust is associated with a more than doubling in the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis, finds research published online in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

Poor sleep in seniors linked to hardened brain arteries
Elderly people who sleep poorly and awaken frequently are more likely to have hardened blood vessels or oxygen-starved tissue in the brain.

E-cigarettes, as used, aren't helping smokers quit, study shows
Electronic cigarettes are widely promoted and used to help smokers quit traditional cigarettes, but a new analysis from UC San Francisco found that adult smokers who use e-cigarettes are actually 28 percent less likely to stop smoking cigarettes.

Evidence of large volcanic activity in the Caribbean uncovered
Scientists from the University of Southampton have uncovered evidence of a previously unknown large volcanic eruption in the Caribbean Sea.

Mothers' comments linked to eating disorders in Asian young adults
The study found that negative comments made by mothers had more impact on their children's self-image regardless of gender, in a culture where fathers are more authoritative and mothers more nurturing than in the West.

Flexible film may lead to phone-sized cancer detector
A thin, stretchable film that coils light waves like a Slinky could one day lead to more precise, less expensive monitoring for cancer survivors.

How, when and where could affect outcome of psychological treatment
Meeting patients' preferences for the time and place of their psychological treatment may affect their perception of treatment outcome, a cross-sectional survey by researchers from the Royal College of Psychiatrists and Imperial College London involving 14,587 respondents suggests.

Inhibitory neurons, not age, determine song learning in birds
A new study finds that, as zebra finches learn new songs, it's the firing of inhibitory neurons -- not the age of the bird -- that locks in learning.

Brain waves could help predict how we respond to general anesthetics
The complex pattern of 'chatter' between different areas of an individual's brain while they are awake could help doctors better track and even predict their response to general anesthesia -- and better identify the amount of anesthetic necessary -- according to new research from the University of Cambridge.

Regrowing functional joints in frogs
In a first, Japanese researchers have regenerated functional joints in frogs by activating a newly-found 'reintegration' mechanism.

Engineers invent a bubble-pen to write with nanoparticles
Researchers at the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin have developed a device and technique, called bubble-pen lithography, that can gently and efficiently handle nanoparticles -- the tiny pieces of gold, silicon and other materials used in nanomanufacturing.

UC San Diego and Samsara Sciences team up to advance liver tissue models
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Samsara Sciences, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Organovo Holdings, Inc., have entered into an agreement focused on the development of techniques and methods for the isolation and characterization of liver cells that will help drive new research on liver biology, drug safety and efficacy, and the treatment of liver diseases.

Dengue vaccine enters phase 3 trial in Brazil
A large-scale clinical trial to evaluate whether a candidate vaccine can prevent the mosquito-borne illness dengue fever has been launched in Brazil.

Forensic research on modern child abuse can shed light on past cultures
Biological anthropologists look at skeletal remains of past cultures to gain insight into how earlier peoples lived, and forensic anthropologists work with modern-day law enforcement to decipher skeletal evidence and solve crimes.

Oh, snap! What snapping shrimp sound patterns may tell us about reef ecosystems
The tiny snapping shrimp's noisy habits could play a big role in reef ecology.

New discoveries concerning Ötzi's genetic history
A study was published last week on the DNA of Helicobacter pylori, the pathogen extracted from the stomach of Ötzi, the ice mummy who has provided valuable information on the life of Homo Sapiens.

Educational gains by immigrants to US not as large as believed, study finds
The descendants of immigrants to the United States from Europe did not attain significantly more education than would have been expected if their families had remained in their homelands, according to a new study.

NASA sees formation of unusual North Atlantic Hurricane Alex
The low pressure area known as System 90L developed rapidly since Jan.

Fuel cell advance
Researchers from the University of Delaware and Beijing University of Chemical Technology report a breakthrough in Nature Communications that promises to bring down the cost of hydrogen fuel cells by replacing expensive platinum catalysts with cheaper ones made from metals like nickel.

Zika virus has potential to spread rapidly through Americas
The Zika virus, possibly linked to serious birth defects in Brazil, has the potential to spread within the Americas, including parts of the US, according to an international team of researchers who track the spread of infectious diseases.

TSRI researchers develop versatile new way to build molecules
Chemists at The Scripps Research Institute have devised a new and widely applicable technique for building potential drug molecules and other organic compounds.

Nano-shells deliver molecules that tell bone to repair itself
Scientists at the University of Michigan have developed a polymer sphere that delivers a molecule to bone wounds that tells cells already at the injury site to repair the damage.

Work on the mystery of the glass transition receives NSF CAREER grant
Why can some materials act like solids without crystallizing? This question - the central issue in the study of the 'glass transition' -- is one of the longest standing and most technologically important problems in materials science and soft matter physics.

Virtual reality for motor rehabilitation of the shoulder
Researchers at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid have developed a virtual reality system or motor rehabilitation of the shoulder.

Study finds how diabetes drug metformin inhibits progression of pancreatic cancer
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators may have uncovered a novel mechanism behind the ability of the diabetes drug metformin to inhibit the progression of pancreatic cancer.

SwRI's Alan Stern awarded Carl Sagan Memorial Award by American Astronautical Society
Dr. Alan Stern, associate vice president of the Space Science and Engineering Division at Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) and the Principal Investigator of NASA's New Horizons mission to Pluto, has been awarded the 2016 Carl Sagan Memorial Award by the American Astronautical Society (AAS).

New blood test may expand scope of liquid biopsies
A new approach to liquid biopsies may overcome limitations of current blood tests to diagnose and monitor cancers, birth defects, organ transplants and autoimmune disorders.

Formulation scientists to rescue patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension
Pharmacists and engineers from the National University of Singapore and the Agency for Science, Technology And Research have designed a new and improved formulation to deliver medicine for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Much like white light, spacetime is also composed of a certain rainbow
When white light is passed through a prism, the rainbow on the other side reveals a rich palette of colors.

Microfiber pad to improve urinary tract infection diagnostics and treatment
Contamination of urine samples is so common that doctors often needlessly prescribe antibiotics against urinary tract infections.

Development of an evaluation platform capable of validating wide-area distribution systems
A Japanese research project developed 'DESTCloud,' an evaluation platform that validates the disaster tolerance and fault tolerance of wide-area distribution systems consisting of multiple computers on a network.

Autism-linked protein lays groundwork for healthy brain
Salk scientists uncover pathway in highly suspect disease gene also tied to schizophrenia and bipolar disease.

Continuing debate regarding the validity of the evidence used to create the 2015 Dietary Guidelines
'What did you eat yesterday and should we believe you?' The answer to that question, and others like it, are part of a continuing controversy about US government-issued dietary recommendations presented in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015-2020, which was released on Jan.

How the cell's power station survives attacks
Salk scientists discover how mitochondria recover after damage, offering clues to cancer, diabetes and brain disease.

Palliative care initiated in the ED associated with improved quality of life
A palliative care consultation initiated in the emergency department (ED) for patients with advanced cancer was associated with improved quality of life and did not seem to shorten survival, according to an article published online by JAMA Oncology.

Seduced by the label
Have you ever been to the supermarket and chosen foods based on nutrition labels?

Odor biomarker for Alzheimer's disease
A new study from the Monell Center, the US Department of Agriculture, and collaborating institutions reports a uniquely identifiable odor signature from mouse models of Alzheimer's disease.

UTSW researchers find a small protein that plays a big role in heart muscle contraction
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have identified a previously unrecognized small protein in cells of the human heart that plays a key role in heart muscle contraction.

New NSF special report: Let It Snow! The Science of Winter
Winter is changing, becoming less like the cold seasons we may remember.

HPV vaccine uptake is highest among girls in high poverty and majority Hispanic communities
Adolescent girls living in high-poverty communities and majority Hispanic communities were more likely to have received at least one dose of a human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine than those living in low-poverty communities and in communities of other racial and ethnic compositions.

Weather-worn lizards might adapt to new climates
James Cook University scientists have found lizards exposed to rain, hail and shine may cope better with extreme weather events predicted as a result of climate change than their fair-weather cousins.

Donor's genotype controls the differentiation of iPS cells -- source tissue insignificant
Pluripotent stem cells derived from different cell types are equally susceptible to reprogramming, indicates a recent study by the University of Helsinki and the National Institute for Health and Welfare, Finland.

Speed reading promises are too good to be true, scientists find
Learning to speed read seems like an obvious strategy for zipping through the emails, reports, and other text we encounter daily, but a new report shows that the claims made by many speed reading programs and apps are probably too good to be true.

UK teens heavily exposed to alcohol and tobacco content in YouTube music videos
UK teens are heavily exposed to alcohol and tobacco images and lyrics in digital YouTube music videos, indicates research published in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

Northwest Atlantic Ocean may get warmer, sooner
A new study by NOAA researchers suggests future warming of ocean waters off the Northeastern US may be greater and occur at an even faster rate than previously projected.

Education and industrial variety power high-growth companies nationwide
High-growth companies are not just found in California's tech-rich Silicon Valley.

TSRI chemists devise powerful new method for modifying drug molecules
Chemists at The Scripps Research Institute have developed a versatile new technique for making modifications -- especially one type of extremely difficult, but much-sought-after modification -- to complex drug molecules.

Discovery: Most-luminous ever supernova
A team of astronomers, including Carnegie's Benjamin Shappee, Nidia Morrell, and Ian Thompson, has discovered the most-luminous supernova ever observed, called ASAS-SN-15lh.

Studying 'inflamm-aging': Monocytes, cytokines, and susceptibility to pneumonia
The chronic state of low-level inflammation seen in many elderly individuals (sometimes called 'inflamm-aging'), is associated with diseases such as cardiovascular disease and dementia, as well as susceptibility to infections, especially pneumonia.

NIH genome sequencing program targets the genomic bases of common, rare disease
The National Human Genome Research Institute and other institutes will fund genome sequencing centers to focus on understanding the genomic bases of common and rare human diseases.

Photovoltaics? On perovskites produced by mechanochemistry!
Perovskites, substances that perfectly absorb light, are the future of solar energy.

Genes may contribute to making some nations happier than others
The citizens of nations which rate themselves happiest display a specific genetic feature: their DNA is more likely to contain a specific allele involved in sensory pleasure and pain reduction, say Michael Minkov of the Varna University of Management (formerly International University College) in Bulgaria, and Michael Bond of the Hong Kong Polytechnic University.

Hay fever medicine reduces symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome
Researchers from KU Leuven, Belgium, have identified the cause of abdominal pain in patients with irritable bowel syndrome.

New particle can track chemo
Tracking the path of chemotherapy drugs in real time and at a cellular level could revolutionize cancer care and help doctors sort out why two patients might respond differently to the same treatment.

How malaria fools our immune system
OIST researchers reconstruct the 3-D structure of a malaria protein in combination with human antibodies.

Evolutionary advantage of genetic recombination in the genome measured for first time
Researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, in collaboration with researchers in the universities of Sussex and Edinburgh, have quantified one of the most important and hard-to-measure phenomena in molecular evolution: the effect of genetic recombination on a species' capacity of adaptation.

Study suggests that what you eat can influence how you sleep
A new study found that eating less fiber, more saturated fat and more sugar is associated with lighter, less restorative, and more disrupted sleep.

Mammoth injuries indicate humans occupied Arctic earlier than thought
The carcass of a frozen mammoth with signs of weapon-inflicted injuries suggests humans were present in the Eurasian Arctic 10 millennia earlier than previously thought.

High-deductible plans linked to lower use of medical imaging studies
Patients enrolled in high-deductible health insurance plans have lower rates of use and lower costs for imaging tests, suggests a study in the February issue of Medical Care.

Scientists uncover how part of a protein helps primates fight HIV
Scientists have uncovered part of a protein found in humans and other primates that can help us fight off HIV.

Newly discovered supernova outshines all others
In a new study, researchers describe the most luminous supernova yet observed, which resides in an unusual host galaxy.

Novel insights in the attachment of the bacterial carcinogen Helicobacter pylori
The gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori is highly adapted to survival in human stomach and responsible for the majority of peptic ulcer and gastric cancer cases worldwide.

Debiopharm & EORTC investigate triptorelin for treatment of salivary gland cancers
Debiopharm International SA (Debiopharm), part of Debiopharm Group™, a Swiss-based global biopharmaceutical company, today announced a collaboration in order to supply triptorelin pamoate 3.75 mg one-month formulation for patients suffering from salivary gland cancer participating in a clinical study sponsored by the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer.

UCLA psychology study explains when and why bystanders intervene in cyberbullying
People on social media are often unsupportive of cyberbullying victims who have shared highly personal feelings, UCLA psychologists report.

Caves and karst: Worlds within worlds across time
Karst aquifers are the world's most productive yet vulnerable groundwater systems, serving as the sole or primary water supply for more than one billion people worldwide.

Strategically corrupt: Businesses break the law to stay competitive
Companies may strategically use corruption to gain a competitive advantage against rivals, according to a new study of formally registered Indian technology firms conducted by the University at Buffalo School of Management.

Trio of autism-linked molecules orchestrate neuron connections
Duke University researchers reveal how three proteins work in concert to wire up a specific area of the developing brain that is responsible for processing visual information.

U-M Health System announces clinical affiliation with CVS Health
The University of Michigan Health System has established a new affiliation with CVS Health to continue to improve the health care experience for patients.

Drug curbs marijuana use, but with tough side effects
Doctors have no approved medicine to help treat marijuana dependence and abuse, but in small new clinical trial topiramate reduced the amount of cannabis heavy smokers used when they lit up.

Signals that make early stem cells identified
Where and when do stem cells first appear during development?

Breast cancer study suggests new potential drug targets and combinations
The largest analysis of breast cancer cell function to date suggests dozens of new uses for existing drugs, new targets for drug discovery, and new drug combinations.

New research on preventing fall asthma exacerbations
Researchers study new approaches to reducing fall asthma exacerbations.

What is 10 miles across, but powers an explosion brighter than the Milky Way?
Astronomers have spotted what may be the brightest supernova ever seen -- and discovered a mysterious object at its center.

UK's political center ground could be further to the left than thought, research suggests
The center ground of British politics could be further to the left than we think, according to new research by the University of Sussex and Queen Mary University of London.

Higher dietary nitrate and green leafy vegetable intake associated with lower risk of glaucoma
Greater intake of dietary nitrate and green leafy vegetables was associated with a 20 percent to 30 percent lower risk of primary open-angle glaucoma, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology.

Soil frost affects greenhouse gas emissions in the Arctic
Soil frost is a nearly universal process in the Arctic.

Immunotherapy for Epstein-Barr related lymphomas
Health Canada recently approved, for the first time in Canada, a clinical project for a Phase I study aimed at treating lymphomas associated with the Epstein-Barr virus through adoptive cellular immunotherapy that is specific to EBV.

Brain network signatures track and predict response to general anesthesia
The complex pattern of 'chatter' between different areas of an individual's brain while they are awake could help doctors better track and even predict their response to general anesthesia -- and better identify the amount of anesthetic necessary -- according to new research published in PLOS Computational Biology.

NASA sees Tropical Depression Pali headed toward Equator
NASA's Aqua satellite imagery showed just a small area of strong thunderstorms remained in the now weaker Tropical Depression Pali as it moved closer to the Equator.

Berkeley Lab launches new projects for grid modernization
Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz announced awards today as part of two new additions to DOE's ongoing Grid Modernization Initiative.

Youths with gender dysphoria have higher rates of Asperger syndrome
A new study provides clinical data to support growing evidence that autism spectrum disorder is more prevalent in children and adolescents with gender dysphoria than in the general population.

Attention neuron type identified
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, Sweden, have identified for the first time a cell type in the brain of mice that is integral to attention.

Patients with high health insurance deductibles use fewer imaging tests
In the first nationwide study to directly address the associations between high-deductible insurance plans and the use of diagnostic imaging, researchers including Kimberley Geissler at the University of Massachusetts Amherst found that patients enrolled in such health plans use about 7.5 percent fewer diagnostic tests such as MRI, X-rays and CT scans, than patients without such plans.

Drug 'cocktail' could restore vision in optic nerve injury
Research from Boston Children's Hospital suggests the possibility of restoring at least some visual function in people blinded by optic nerve damage from glaucoma, estimated to affect more than 4 million Americans, or from trauma.

Medical school program addresses rural physician shortage
Mirroring national trends, 97 percent of the 101 rural counties in Missouri are designated Primary Medical Care Health Professional Shortage Areas by the US Department of Health and Human Services.

Preventing violent extremism requires new police programs
The US strategy to prevent homegrown violent extremism through community policing holds promise, but faces significant challenges and needs reforms, according to a new report from the Triangle Center on Terrorism and Homeland Security at Duke University.

$60 million to fund study of genetics underlying common diseases
The McDonnell Genome Institute at Washington University School of Medicine in St.
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