Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 15, 2016
University of Alberta researcher tracks tyrannosaur's trail
Just outside the tiny town of Glenrock, Wyo., the footprints of a 66-million-year-old monster are cemented in stone.

Gregarious chimps harbor richer gut microbiomes
Spending time in close contact with others means risking catching germs and getting sick.

Rice University's K.C. Nicolaou wins prestigious Wolf Prize in Chemistry
Rice University organic chemist K.C. Nicolaou has won the Wolf Prize in Chemistry, a prestigious international award that is often a harbinger of future recognition by the Nobel Committee.

Former Hurricane Pali peters out near Equator
Imagery from NOAA's GOES-West satellite has shown that former Hurricane Pali has petered out near the Equator.

FAU researchers investigate how light behaves in curved space
To investigate the influence of gravity on the propagation of light, researchers usually have to examine astronomical length scales and huge masses.

Wayne State receives $1.9 million NIH award to aid in treatment of life-threatening infections
Infections caused by vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREfm) bacteria can often be serious and life threatening.

Sociable chimps harbor richer gut microbiomes
Spending time in close contact with others often means risking catching germs and getting sick.

Link found between obesity and blood clots in pediatric patients
Researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have found an association between obesity and the formation of blood clots in the veins of children and adolescents.

EARTH: Lake sediments suggest mild volcanic winter after massive Toba eruption
Toba volcano erupted 74,000 years ago, and is thought to have been the largest eruption in the last 2.5 million years.

Simulator-based training in veterinary medicine
Skills training of veterinary students is increasingly based on teaching simulators.

Vascular surgery research brings new options to high-risk stroke patients
More than 300,000 Americans are diagnosed annually with blockages of the carotid artery.

'Space Warps' and other citizen science projects reap major dividends for astrophysics
The astrophysics project Space Warps offers a compelling example of why citizen science has become such a popular tool and how valuable it can be.

Mentally challenging activities key to a healthy aging mind
One of the greatest challenges associated with the growing numbers of aged adults is how to maintain a healthy aging mind.

Genetic 'paint box' shuffled between butterfly species to create new wing patterns
Research finds independent genetic switches control different splotches of color and pattern on Heliconius butterfly wings, and that these switches have been shared between species over millions of years, becoming 'jumbled up' to create new and diverse wing displays.

NASA provides in-depth analysis of unusual Tropical Storm Alex
NASA has provided forecasters with a variety of data on the out-of-season tropical cyclone Alex.

From tamoxifen to dendrogenin A: Discovery of a mammalian tumor suppressor metabolite
In an invited, peer-reviewed article on 'Novel anticancer drugs from nature,' published in a recent issue of Current Medicinal Chemistry, Sandrine Silvente-Poirot, Florence Dalenc and Marc Poirot, researchers at the Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de Toulouse and the Institut Universitaire du Cancer de Toulouse, gave the rational that led them to conceive, design and discover DDA, and described its pharmacological properties.

Leading research to be highlighted at 2016 Multidisciplinary Head & Neck Cancer Symposium
The 2016 Multidisciplinary Head and Neck Cancer Symposium, sponsored by the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and the American Head & Neck Society (AHNS), will explore the heterogeneous group of tumors in head and neck cancers and the various complexities and factors in providing treatment.

€400,000 EU serious games project to combat domestic violence
A major EU-funded project at the University of Huddersfield will lead to the development of a game that aims to do precisely the opposite, by helping to reduce levels of domestic violence.

Extreme turbulence roiling 'most luminous galaxy' in the universe
The most luminous galaxy in the universe -- a so-called obscured quasar 12.4 billion light-years away -- is so violently turbulent that it may eventually jettison its entire supply of star-forming gas, according to new observations with ALMA.

Chief of Naval Research helps steer new tech for the fleet
On Jan. 13, Chief of Naval Research Rear Adm. Mat Winter gave the keynote address at the Surface Navy Association's 28th Annual National Symposium, held in Crystal City, Va.

2-for-1 bacterial virulence factor revealed
Given that antibiotics are losing effectiveness faster than replacements are being found, chemist Timothy Wencewicz suggests we try a new approach.

Brothers-in-arms: How P53 and telomeres work together to stave off cancer
New research from scientists at The Wistar Institute shows that p53 is able to suppress accumulated DNA damage at telomeres.

FAU study shows 45 percent increase in death from law enforcement
Between 1999 and 2013 in the United States, between 279 (in 2000) to 507 (in 2012) people were killed each year by legal intervention or law enforcement, other than by legal execution.

FAU researchers show how mother-of-pearl is formed from nanoparticles
Materials scientists at FAU have shown for the first time that the mother-of-pearl in clam shells does not form in a crystallisation process but is a result of the aggregation of nanoparticles within an organic matrix.

Study shows less physically mature ice hockey players have prolonged concussion symptoms
A study led by a Hasbro Children's Hospital sports medicine physician found that male student ice hockey players in earlier pubertal stages had a significantly increased risk of prolonged symptoms from concussion compared with advanced pubertal and postpubescent players.

Tonsillectomy can improve quality of life
Adults suffering from frequent sore throats might find relief by having their tonsils removed: after undergoing tonsillectomy (surgical removal of the tonsils), people were found to have fewer cases of sore throat, fewer missed working days, and an improved quality of life.

CU Anschutz School of Pharmacy study shows medical marijuana decreases migraines
Patients diagnosed with migraine headaches saw a significant drop in their frequency when treated with medical marijuana, according to a new study from researchers at the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.

France's WWII 'petits réfugiés' offered 'a voice' for first time
University of Huddersfield historian Dr. Lindsey Dodd has received Anglo-French funding which will enable her to record and analyze memories of French people who became 'petits réfugiés' (little refugees) during the Second World War.

Tropical Cyclone Victor born in South Pacific Ocean, Cook Islands on alert
NOAA's GOES-West satellite captured an image of newborn Tropical Cyclone Victor in the South Pacific Ocean.

Predictability of DNA markers for population-level study based on species-level variation
To answer the question of whether genes that show high levels of variability across different species could also be useful in population-level evolutionary studies, scientists tested the utility of numerous genes previously found to be useful in inferring relationships of cactus species.

UGA researchers discover how trypanosome parasites communicate with each other
While scientists have known for years that African trypanosomes cause sleeping sickness, they've been left scratching their heads as to how these tiny single-celled organisms communicate.

Press registration open for 2016 APS March meeting in Baltimore, MD
High-temperature superconductivity, biophysics, advanced materials, social issues, medical technology, energy, and national security will all be features at the American Physical Society's annual March Meeting, to take place March 14 to 18 at the Baltimore Convention Center in Baltimore, Maryland.

World of heart recovery medicine to focus on latest advances at U-CARS Symposium
On Jan. 14-15, leading scientists and clinicians from across the globe will come to the University of Utah School of Medicine in Salt Lake City for the Utah Cardiac Recovery Symposium (U-CARS).

Poverty linked to childhood depression, changes in brain connectivity
Analyzing brain scans of 105 children ages 7 to 12, researchers at Washington University in St.

Bone marrow lesions can help predict rapidly progressing joint disease
A new study from the Medical Research Council Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, shows lesions, which can best be seen on MRI scans, could help identify individuals who are more likely to suffer from more rapidly progressing osteoarthritis.

HKU scientists discover a drought tolerance gene that may help plants fight against global warming
he Chye Lab at HKU has identified a gene from the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana which encodes an acyl-CoA-binding protein (ACBP).

bioRxiv preprints can now be submitted directly to leading research journals
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory today announced that authors of manuscripts posted on its preprint server bioRxiv can now submit their papers directly to several leading research journals, avoiding the need for reloading files and re-entering information at the journal's website.

NIST simulates fast, accurate DNA sequencing through graphene nanopore
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have simulated a new concept for rapid, accurate gene sequencing by pulling a DNA molecule through a tiny, chemically activated hole in graphene -- an ultrathin sheet of carbon atoms -- and detecting changes in electrical current.

Mount Sinai heart initiates study of worksite lifestyle intervention to reduce cardiac risk
Study led by world-renowned cardiologist Valentin Fuster, M.D., Ph.D., to investigate how worksite-based lifestyle intervention and imaging techniques can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

CU researchers study hospital readmissions from post-acute care facilities
Better coordination between hospitals and post-acute care facilities could reduce patient readmission to hospitals and mortality rates, according to a new study of risk factors by researchers from the University of Colorado School of Medicine.

Who guided the national discussion on Ferguson?
New research from two Northeastern University professors shows that in the days following Michael Brown's fatal shooting, everyday citizens -- not politicians, celebrities, or other prominent public figures -- were the ones who, using Twitter, shaped the national dialogue.

Plasma marker of vascular disease confirmed in type 1 diabetes patients
Patients with higher levels of pre-kallikrein in their blood were shown to have thicker layers of intima-media in the vasculature of their carotids.

Link between obesity and increased risk of colorectal cancer revealed
Thomas Jefferson University scientists say the culprit is excess calories, but risk can be reversed through lifestyle modification or, potentially, use of an approved drug.

The turbulent birth of a quasar
The most luminous galaxy known in the universe -- the quasar W2246-0526, seen when the Universe was less than 10 percent of its current age -- is so turbulent that it is in the process of ejecting its entire supply of star-forming gas, according to new observations with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA).

Fires did not destroy (as fast as we thought)
Today, people are major agents of landscape change and catalysts for erosion, but what did people do to the environment before the industrial revolution -- before mechanized agriculture?

Report: Wide variation in cancer rates in Asian American/Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders
A new report describes cancer among Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders (AANHPIs), and reports striking variation in the cancer burden within this population, reflecting vast differences in exposure to cancer risk factors.

Signs of second largest black hole in the Milky Way
Astronomers using the Nobeyama 45-m Radio Telescope operated by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan have detected signs of an invisible black hole with a mass of 100 thousand times the mass of the Sun around the center of the Milky Way.

Public contributions to science increasingly common
So-called citizen science has become a significant force in several scholarly disciplines.

UT Southwestern researchers identify process that causes chronic neonatal lung disease
Pediatric researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have identified a key component of the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), a devastating and sometimes fatal lung disease that affects premature infants.

The development of a smart desk for teamwork projects
A new concept for an ergonomic smart desk with the objective of improving teamwork, this proposal has been put forward by Pynk Systems, a company created by an entrepreneur from the UC3M Science Park Business Incubator.
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