Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 18, 2016
New research from MSK highlights fertility concerns of young adult and adolescent cancer survivors
Nearly half of young adult survivors of adolescent cancers -- more young men than women -- report uncertainty about their fertility, according to the results of a new study.

EMCDDA publishes report on antidote for heroin overdose
The first-ever substantive summary of research into take-home naloxone -- a single injection that can be given by friends and family to revive someone suspected of heroin overdose -- has been published today by the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA), in collaboration with researchers from the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience at King's College London.

DNA methylation pattern in leukemia only appears to be cancer-typical
The pattern of epigenetic labels in the DNA of cancer cells differs from that of healthy cells.

A nutrition supplement is associated with lower death rate in patients, new study shows
Results from a new clinical trial show that a specialized oral nutrition supplement was associated with a 50 percent lower death rate in older malnourished patients with a heart or lung disease 90 days following hospitalization.

Scientists detect deep carbon emissions associated with continental rifting
Scientists at the University of New Mexico conducted research to effectively study carbon emissions through fault systems in the East African Rift (EAR) in an effort to understand carbon emissions from the Earth's interior and how it affects the atmosphere.

Weight gain through plasticizers
Plasticizers can get into our bodies through the skin or by the diet.

No more needles at the dentist -- just a tiny electric current instead
If you're scared of the dentist's needles you're not alone -- but new research means you might not have to put off that appointment again.

$5 million donation from the Hospira Foundation will support research in cancer care
The Hospira Foundation has donated $5 million to the University of Chicago Medicine to create the Hospira Foundation Professorship in Oncology.

Regular exercise critical for heart health, longevity
The majority of citizens in developed countries should not be concerned by potential harm from exercise but rather by the lack of exercise in their lives, according to a clinical perspective published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology from the ACC Sports and Exercise Cardiology Leadership Council.

Harmful mutations have accumulated during early human migrations out of Africa
The further a population moves away from its place of origin, the more harmful mutations it will carry.

Statistician projected as top 10 fastest-growing job
Statistician is projected to be one of the fastest-growing jobs in the US, according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, following over 15 years of already strong employment growth in the field.

New app can help doctors predict risk of preterm birth
A new app called QUiPP could help doctors to better identify women at risk of giving birth prematurely.

Easier diagnosis for fungal infection of the lungs
A new clinical imaging method developed in collaboration with a University of Exeter academic may enable doctors to tackle one of the main killers of patients with weakened immune systems sooner and more effectively.

New guidelines reverse previous recommendations on gluten introduction to prevent celiac disease
Based on new evidence, the age of introduction of gluten into the infant diet -- or the practice of introducing gluten during breast-feeding -- does not reduce the risk of celiac disease in infants at risk, according to a Position Paper of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN).

Broken UV light leads to key heart muscle cell discovery
For a team of Vanderbilt investigators trying to generate heart muscle cells from stem cells, a piece of broken equipment turned out to be a good thing.

Tiny electronic implants monitor brain injury, then melt away
A new class of small, thin electronic sensors can monitor temperature and pressure within the skull - crucial health parameters after a brain injury or surgery - then melt away when they are no longer needed, eliminating the need for additional surgery to remove the monitors and reducing the risk of infection and hemorrhage.

Scientists find new gene fault behind ovarian cancer
Women who carry an inherited fault in the gene BRIP1 are over three times more likely to develop ovarian cancer than those without the fault, according to a study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Stepping beyond our 3-D world
Since the dawn of time, humans have endeavored to unravel the laws governing the physical world around us.

Recipe for muon pair creation, in theory
A true-muonium only lives for two microseconds. These atoms are made up one positively and one negatively charged elementary particle, also known as muons.

Living fossils and rare corals revealed
A team of Australian and German researchers has published their analysis of data, specimens, photographs and video footage collected in 2009, when they sent a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) to a depth of 800 meters (2,625 ft) at Osprey Reef off the far-northern coast of eastern Australia.

New evidence in mice that cocaine makes brain cells cannibalize themselves
Working with mice, researchers at Johns Hopkins have contributed significant new evidence to support the idea that high doses of cocaine kill brain cells by triggering overactive autophagy, a process in which cells literally digest their own insides.

Scientists propose an algorithm to study DNA faster and more accurately
The new development combines the advantages of the most advanced tools for working with genomic data.

To clean up ocean plastics focus on coasts, not the Great Pacific garbage patch
The most efficient way to clean up ocean plastics and avoid harming ecosystems is to place plastic collectors near coasts, according to a new study.

New biomarkers for improved treatment of severe heart and lung disease
New blood biomarkers reflecting vasoreactivity in lung blood vessels of patients with heart and lung disease, can lead to simplified diagnostics and better evaluation of treatment for patients with the condition pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Weekend catch-up sleep can reduce diabetes risk associated with sleep loss
Two consecutive nights of extended sleep, a typical weekend occurrence, appears to counteract the increased risk of diabetes associated with short-term sleep restriction during the work week, at least in lean, healthy, young men eating a controlled diet.

ACP, CDC offer advice on prescribing antibiotics for common illnesses
In a paper published in Annals of Internal Medicine, the American College of Physicians and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued advice for prescribing antibiotics for acute respiratory tract infections in adults.

Scientists demonstrate basics of nucleic acid computing inside cells
Using strands of nucleic acid, scientists have demonstrated basic computing operations inside a living mammalian cell.

Blood cells in action
For the first time, and using physical methods, scientists have demonstrated how red blood cells move.

New study gives squirrels plenty of food for thought
A new study by the University of Exeter has shown that persistence and the ability to choose the right behavior to solve a problem are important aspects of problem solving in the common squirrel when they were learning to unravel challenges in the quest for nourishment.

Team develops wireless, dissolvable sensors to monitor brain
A team of neurosurgeons and engineers has developed wireless brain sensors that monitor intracranial pressure and temperature and then are absorbed by the body, negating the need for surgery to remove the devices.

Diamonds used to 'probe' ancient Earth
By using an ion probe to analyze the carbon and nitrogen isotope compositions of the Witwatersrand diamond, which have been pristinely preserved for more than three billion years, researchers found that plate tectonics was likely in operation on Earth as early as 3.5 billion years ago.

Scientists discover blueprint of body's heat sensor
Researchers at Duke University and Scripps Research Institute have determined the structure of an ion channel on the cell membrane called TRPV2 that is related to the perception of pain and heat.

Laws of nature predict cancer evolution
The spread of mutations through a cancer follows natural laws -- and is therefore theoretically predictable, just as we can predict the movement of celestial bodies or the weather, a study shows.

Seeing where energy goes may bring scientists closer to realizing nuclear fusion
An international team of researchers has taken a step toward achieving controlled nuclear fusion -- a process that powers the sun and other stars, and has the potential to supply the world with limitless, clean energy.

ACP and CDC issue advice for prescribing antibiotics
In a paper published today in Annals of Internal Medicine, the American College of Physicians and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued advice for prescribing antibiotics for acute respiratory tract infections in adults.

Real acupuncture no better than sham acupuncture for treating hot flushes: Study
A new study has revealed traditional Chinese acupuncture treatments are no better than fake acupuncture for treating menopause symptoms.

Intelligent electronics to become durable, flexible and functional through new technology
With the roll-to-roll overmoulding manufacturing process developed by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, components can be easily overmoulded into durable electronics products such as wearable sports solutions, toys and, for instance, household appliances equipped with an overmoulded solar cell.

Eating less meat might not be the way to go green, say researchers
Reduced meat consumption might not lower greenhouse gas emissions from one of the world's biggest beef producing regions, new research has found.

Springer and The Graphene Council launch new journal Graphene Technology
Starting in January 2016, Springer and The Graphene Council are launching a new journal called Graphene Technology.

Human sounds convey emotions clearer and faster than words
It takes just one-tenth of a second for our brains to begin to recognize emotions conveyed by vocalizations, according to researchers from McGill.

Scientists take steps to make weak TB drugs strong again
Biophysicists have discovered why the bacteria that cause tuberculosis (TB) are naturally somewhat resistant to antibiotics known as fluoroquinolones.

Ticks that transmit Lyme disease reported in nearly half of all US counties
Lyme disease is transmitted by the blacklegged tick (Ixodes scapularis) and the western blacklegged tick (Ixodes pacificus), and the range of these ticks is spreading, according to research published in the Journal of Medical Entomology.

London's economic dominance is escalating UK North-South divide
Britain's 'North-South Divide' and the economic dominance of London have inspired a conference in which experts from around the world will debate globalization and the impact that mega-cities are making on the regions of many countries.

Georgetown professors: Congress made 'scientific judgment for which it is distinctly unqualified'
Two Georgetown University professors say a section of the recently passed Congressional spending bill effectively undermines science and the health of women.

The tip of an iceberg: Four new fungus gnat species from the Scandinavian north
Although Finland and its climate may not look like a biodiversity hotspot, scientists have recently described as many as four new fungus gnat species in open-access journal Biodiversity Data Journal.

Explosive underwater volcanoes were a major feature of 'Snowball Earth'
Around 720-640 million years ago, much of the Earth's surface was covered in ice during a glaciation that lasted millions of years.

Thwarting abnormal neural development with a new mutation
Researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan have discovered how to reverse the abnormal axonal development characteristic of CFEOM3, a congenital disease that affects the muscles that control eye movements.

A firefighter drone that flies and crawls up walls
A research team at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology led by Professor Hyun Myung of the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department developed an unmanned aerial vehicle, named the Fireproof Aerial RObot System, which detects fires in skyscrapers, searches the inside of the building, and transfers data in real time from fire scenes to the ground station.

1,541 snout moth species and counting in the United States and Canada
Two snout moth scientists have produced a list of 1,541 species for the United States and Canada.

Cardiac arrests in high-rise buildings: Low survival rates above 3rd floor
Residents of high-rise buildings had better survival rates from cardiac arrests if they lived on the first few floors, and survival was negligible for people living above the 16th floor, according to a study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Protein 'handbrake' halts leukemia in its tracks
Melbourne researchers have showed that they can stop leukemia in its tracks by targeting a protein that puts the handbrake on cancer cell growth.

Report identifies positive news on kidney disease in the US, yet challenges remain
The annual data report from the United States Renal Data System reveals both positive and negative trends in kidney disease in the US.

Queen's University in new partnership to fight against invasive species
The rapid spread of invasive species across Europe, which currently threatens native plants and animals at a cost of €12 billion each year, is to face a major new barrier.

Technological obsolescence goes hand in hand with economic growth
It has been proven that the countries with high capital depreciation have in the long term a high growth rate.

Finding the needle in a microbial haystack
After developing a novel investigational technology called PathoChip that can rapidly identify elusive microorganisms, a team of Penn Medicine researchers recently succeeded for the first time in identifying a pathogen in a patient sample, demonstrating the proof of principle that this technology can be used to identify pathogens in human disease.

Why Spiderman can't exist: Geckos are 'size limit' for sticking to walls
Latest research reveals why geckos are the largest animals able to scale smooth vertical walls -- even larger climbers would require unmanageably large sticky footpads.

New findings may enhance PARP inhibitors therapy in breast cancer
Findings from a new study reveal that PARP inhibitors, an emerging class of drugs being studied in cancer clinical trials, may be enhanced by combining them with inhibitors targeting an oncogene known as c-MET which is overexpressed in many cancers.

Springer Healthcare expands relationship with leading oncology association
Springer Healthcare, part of Springer Nature, has signed an exclusive three-year global commercial reprints representation agreement with the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)®, the world's leading professional organization representing physicians who care for people with cancer.

It's a 3-D printer, but not as we know it
3-D printing techniques have quickly become some of the most widely used tools to rapidly design and build new components.

Cheaper solar cells with 20.2 percent efficiency
EPFL scientists have developed a solar-panel material that can cut down on photovoltaic costs while achieving competitive power-conversion efficiency of 20.2 percent.

Light-activated nanoparticles prove effective against antibiotic-resistant 'superbugs'
In the ever-escalating evolutionary battle with drug-resistant bacteria, humans may soon have a leg up thanks to adaptive, light-activated nanotherapy developed by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder.

Slow progress on stillbirth prevention: Parents of 2.6 million babies suffer in silence each year
More than 2.6 million stillbirths continue to occur globally every year with very slow progress made to tackle this 'silent problem,' according to a major new series of research on ending preventable stillbirths.

Living in high-rise buildings associated with lower survival rates from cardiac arrest
The number of people living in high-rise buildings in rising, but along with the convenience and panoramic views of a downtown condo comes a risk: a new study found that survival rates from cardiac arrest decrease the higher up the building a person lives.

Mapping out cell conversion
An international team of researchers from the Duke-NUS Medical School (Duke-NUS), the University of Bristol, Monash University and RIKEN have developed an algorithm that can predict the factors required to convert one human cell type to another.

TSRI scientists solve 3-D structure of protein that guides the immune system
In a new study, researchers from The Scripps Research Institute and Duke University Medical Center reveal the three-dimensional structure of a crucial ion channel.

Researchers uncover core set of genes for plant-fungal symbiosis
Researchers at the Boyce Thompson Institute identified a group of genes necessary for plants to form beneficial relationships with nutrient-bearing soil fungi.
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