Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 19, 2016
Study provides insights on sources of environmental contamination following Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster
Four years after Japan's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant disaster that led to major releases of radioactivity to environment, questions still remain regarding the original sources of radioactive contamination.

Family preferences on quality end-of-life care
Among family members of older patients who died of advanced-stage cancer, earlier hospice enrollment, avoidance of intensive care unit admissions within 30 days of death, and death occurring outside the hospital were associated with perceptions of better end-of-life care, according to a study in the Jan.

First study of arthropods in US homes finds huge biodiversity
The first study to evaluate the biodiversity of arthropods in US homes finds that humans share their houses with any of more than 500 different kinds of arthropods -- at least on a short-term basis.

Open-source GPU could push computing power to the next level
Binghamton University computer science assistant professor Timothy Miller, Aaron Carpenter and graduate student Philip Dexterm, along with co-author Jeff Bush, have developed Nyami, a synthesizable graphics processor unit (GPU) architectural model for general-purpose and graphics-specific workloads.

Depression and obesity common among bipolar patients with exhausted stress system
New observations show that older bipolar patients often have decreased activity in the hormone system responsible for the secretion of the stress hormone cortisol.

SAGE launches the European Stroke Journal with the European Stroke Organisation
SAGE, a world leading independent and academic publisher, is delighted to announce the launch of the European Stroke Journal, the flagship journal of the European Stroke Organisation.

Study finds 30 percent of global fish catch is unreported
Countries drastically underreport the number of fish caught worldwide, according to a new study, and the numbers obscure a significant decline in the total catch.

Anxiety can impact people's walking direction
People experiencing anxiety and inhibition have more activity in the right side of the brain, causing them to walk in a leftward trajectory.

Researchers examine effect of return policies on consumer behavior
In 2014, product returns totaled about $280 million across all US retailers.

Cost of end-of-life care in the US is comparable to Europe and Canada
Despite widespread perception, the United States does not provide the worst end-of-life care in the world.

NREL theorizes defects could improve solar cells
Scientists at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory are studying what may seem paradoxical -- certain defects in silicon solar cells may actually improve their performance.

Ancient genomes reveal that the English are one-third Anglo-Saxon
For the first time, researchers at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute have been able to directly estimate the Anglo-Saxon ancestry of the British population, using ancient skeletons.

NASA's Van Allen probes revolutionize view of radiation belts
NASA's Van Allen Probes revealed that the shape of the radiation belts is actually quite different depending on what type of electron you're looking at,

Mounting evidence suggests early agriculture staved off global cooling
New ice core data and other evidence confirm that early human agriculture cancelled natural cooling of Earth's climate, says University of Virginia environmental scientist William Ruddiman.

Learning a second language may depend on the strength of brain's connections
Learning a second language is easier for some adults than others, and innate differences in how the various parts of the brain 'talk' to one another may help explain why, according to a study published Jan.

Warmer oceans could produce more powerful superstorms
A new study suggests that a warmer Atlantic Ocean could substantially boost the destructive power of a future superstorm like Hurricane Sandy.

New TSRI study shows path to 'dial down' autoimmunity without compromising immune response
A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute shows how dangerous autoimmune responses, seen in diseases such as lupus and multiple sclerosis, might be 'dialed down' without compromising the immune system's ability to fight viruses and bacteria.

Study shows surge in use of CTs in patients with minor injuries
Twice as many patients with non-serious injuries, such as fractures or neck strain, are undergoing CT scans in emergency departments at California hospitals, according to a UCSF-led study, which tracked the use of the imaging from 2005 to 2013.

Women at higher risk to develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Researchers from Lund University Sweden have through a new diagnostic method been able to show that the risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease could be twice as high for women as it is for men.

Does greater scrutiny of transplant centers create disparities for the sickest patients?
A new study indicates that transplant centers that receive low scores on performance evaluations tend to remove more patients from the transplant waiting list.

Photos show elusive bush dog to be widespread in Panama
New camera trap photos capture the elusive bush dog in Panama on its way North as it expands out of South America.

Frailty may increase complication risk following urologic surgery
For patients undergoing urologic surgery, frailty may increase their risk of experiencing complications after surgery.

Most parents say they set limits on teen drivers -- but teens don't always think so
Parents may intend to set strong limits on their teen drivers but their kids may not always be getting the message, a new nationally representative poll suggests.

Group learning makes children better decision-makers, study finds
Children who participate in group learning develop better decision-making skills than children who study the same curriculum via teacher-led discussions, suggests a new study by researchers at the University of Illinois.

$4 million NSF grant to help map changes in blood flow when specific neurons fire
Technologies once used to make corrections to space telescopes, along with new lasers, will help answer a fundamental question, according to Prakash Kara, Ph.D., a researcher at the Medical University of South Carolina: 'Is there a universal microcircuit that is repeated everywhere in the brain with regard to how neurons communicate with blood vessels?'

Promiscuity could reduce benefits of successful mating, research shows
Males that mate with multiple partners may actually experience a reduction in paternity rates, due to sperm competition, as their partners will also mate with many other males.

Journal shares discoveries on women veterans' long-term health outcomes
A new supplemental issue of The Gerontologist contains 13 articles by Veterans Affairs researchers and colleagues looking at differences in aging and mortality between veteran and non-veteran women.

Fine-tuned test predicts risk of ovarian cancer with great precision
Researchers from KU Leuven, Belgium, have improved a test for ultrasound diagnosis of ovarian tumors.

Lupus Research Institute awards 12 novel research grants
This year's LRI novel research projects tackle what causes lupus and introduce new approaches to better treat and even prevent this complex disease.

Eradicating B12 deficiency for the elderly is as simple as screening for it
New research published in Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism reveals that a high proportion of long-term care residents have a B12 deficiency.

New memory test bridges gap between human and animal research
Clinical scientists at the University of California, San Francisco Memory and Aging Center have teamed up with preclinical researchers at the Gladstone Institutes to advance Alzheimer's disease research by developing a comparable test of learning and memory for humans as the one most commonly used in mice.

Four University of South Florida professors elected as AIMBE Fellows
Four University of South Florida professors have been elected to the 2016 College of Fellows of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering: Cesario Borlongan and Shyam Mohapatra from the USF Morsani College of Medicine, USF Health; and Robert Frisina, Jr., and Sudeep Sarkar from the USF College of Engineering.

The age-related change of angiotensin receptor promotes hypertension
The Japanese research team, led by Professor Motohiro Nishida of National Institute for Physiological Sciences, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, found that the purinergic P2Y6 receptor (P2Y6R) promoted angiotensin II-induced hypertension in mice.

Can 3 pigeons be in 2 pigeonholes with no 2 pigeons in the same hole?
Research published this month in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) introduced a new quantum phenomenon which the authors called the 'quantum pigeonhole principle.' The study demonstrates how to put an arbitrarily large number of particles in two boxes without any two particles ending up in the same box.

New tool puts accurate DNA analysis in fast lane
Rice University scientists have developed a tool to analyze the thermal behavior of DNA and RNA strands.

New precision medicine guidelines aimed at improving personalized cancer treatment plans
A committee of national experts, led by a Cleveland Clinic researcher, has established first-of-its-kind guidelines to promote more accurate and individualized cancer predictions, guiding more precise treatment and leading to improved patient survival rates and outcomes.

Rejection from 'American Idol' provides insights into perseverance
New research based on observations at 'American Idol' auditions and in-depth interviews with 43 contestants reveals how contestants come to accept rejection after being cut from the competition.

Are high-deductible health plans enrollees better health care price shoppers?
Enrollees in high-deductible health plans were no more likely than enrollees in traditional plans to consider going to another health care professional or to compare out-of-pocket cost differences across health care professionals during their last use of medical care, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Livermore scientists find global ocean warming has doubled in recent decades
Lawrence Livermore scientists, working with National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and university colleagues, have found that half of the global ocean heat content increase since 1865 has occurred over the past two decades.

NASA-funded balloon launches to study sun
On Jan. 18, 2016, the GRIPS balloon team sent their instrument soaring towards the stratosphere above Antarctica, suspended underneath a helium-filled, football-field sized scientific balloon.

Synthetic biologists use bacterial superglue for faster vaccine development
Technique uses strong isopeptide bonds to link virus-like particles and antigens to create viral vectored vaccines with fewer errors.

Size matters
How does the size of the table we eat at influence how much we eat?

New source of liver disease in obesity caused by saturated fat, but not unsaturated fat
Human and pre-clinical studies conducted at the Medical University of South Carolina suggest it's likely that saturated fat, but not unsaturated fat, raises sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) levels in obese people, and it's S1P that unleashes the inflammation that characterizes non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Water availability associated with decreased student weight in New York schools
The availability of relatively low-cost 'water jet'machines, which chill and oxygenate the water, was associated with decreased student weight and fewer half-pints of milk purchased per student, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Public launch of new telemedicine system AASM SleepTM innovates sleep medicine
Today the American Academy of Sleep Medicine officially launched AASM SleepTM, a new state-of-the-art telemedicine platform that will dramatically increase patient access to the expertise of board-certified sleep medicine physicians and accredited sleep centers.

'Angels without Borders'
Angel investment is early-stage private investment that has high risks.

Nations poised to deliver on COP forest commitments, but resistance grows to local land rights
Six weeks after global leaders promised to protect forests in their plans to slow climate change, experts will meet in London to examine what it will take to implement the commitment made at the UN climate conference in Paris, and how likely it is to succeed, given current trends.

Using electrical signals to train the heart's muscle cells
Columbia Engineering researchers have shown, for the first time, that electrical stimulation of human heart muscle cells engineered from human stem cells aids their development and function.

Research discovers potential new therapeutic target for ALS
J. Gavin Daigle, a Ph.D. candidate at the LSU Health New Orleans School of Graduate Studies, is the first author of a paper whose findings reveal another piece of the amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) puzzle.

Graphene oxide 'paper' changes with strain
The same slip-and-stick mechanism that leads to earthquakes is at work on the molecular level, where it determines the shear plasticity of nanoscale materials.

UTSA study explores how to increase productivity by stopping cyberloafing
A new study by Matthew McCarter, associate professor of management at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), takes a closer look at the nature of cyberloafing and finds that when it comes to stopping it, a democratic approach works wonders.

College students whose friends text and drive more likely to do it too, UMD study shows
Texting while driving is a significant risk factor for automobile collisions, and cell phone use while driving is especially prevalent among young people.

New framework sheds light on how, not if, climate change affects cold-blooded animals
Cold-blooded animals like lizards, insects and fish have a preferred body temperature range at which they hunt, eat, move quickly and reproduce.

One-stop shop for biofuels
Researchers at the Joint BioEnergy Institute have developed a 'high-gravity' one-pot process for producing ethanol from cellulosic biomass that gives unprecedented yields while minimizing water use and waste disposal.

NSU researcher studying potential invasive species in S. Gulf of Mexico
Studying invasive species is the specialty of Matthew Johnston, Ph.D., a researcher at NSU's Guy Harvey Research Institute.

First nationwide study launched evaluating use of TAVR in low-risk patients
MedStar Heart & Vascular Institute at MedStar Washington Hospital Center will be the first site in the US to initiate a clinical trial, examining the safety and effectiveness of transcatheter aortic valve replacement, or TAVR, for patients who are considered at low risk for death from surgery.

Physicists develop a cooling system for the processors of the future
Researchers from MIPT have found a solution to the problem of overheating of active plasmonic components.

Are people suffering as a result of ultrasound in the air?
New research from the University of Southampton indicates that the public are being exposed, without their knowledge, to airborne ultrasound.

A new method to improve the pre-operative diagnosis of ovarian cancer based on ultrasound
In a landmark study, investigators from Europe propose a new and simple method to assess the risk of malignancy of women with an adnexal mass.

Genetics influences knee pain sensitivity in osteoarthritis patients
Genetics play a key role in knee pain sensitivity, according to a team of researchers studying knee osteoarthritis patients.

Innovative tool to revolutionize building airtightness test
The University of Nottingham has developed a novel and easy-to-use test for measuring the airtightness of buildings in order to help eliminate draughts, improve energy efficiency and reduce heating bills.

Can you trust your gut on a crowd's mood?
There is good news for frequent public speakers. New research shows that individuals have the ability to quickly and accurately identify a crowd's general emotion as focused or distracted, suggesting that we can trust our first impression of a crowd's mood.

Togetherness relieves stress in Prairie voles
Many people feel anxious in crowds. But not so for prairie voles.

Researchers pinpoint the drivers for low-priced PV systems in the United States
The price of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems installed on homes and small businesses spans a wide range, and researchers from Berkeley Lab have published a new study that reveals the key market and system drivers for low-priced PV systems.

Physical therapy not associated with improvements in patients with early stages of Parkinson's disease
For patients with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease there were no clinically meaningful benefits to activities of daily living or quality of life associated with physiotherapy and occupational therapy in a study conducted in the United Kingdom, according to an article published online by JAMA Neurology.

Aclidinium bromide in COPD: Proof of considerable added benefit for certain patients
New data show that adults with COPD grade III and fewer than two flare-ups per year have an advantage: these flare-ups are less frequent under aclidinium.

Water dispensers in NYC public schools associated with student weight loss
Making water more available in NYC public schools through self-serve water dispensers in cafeterias resulted in small -- but statistically significant -- declines in students' weight, according to new findings.

AAAS Lifetime Mentor Award honors Saundra Yancy McGuire for promoting diversity
For promoting a diverse Ph.D.-level workforce in the field of chemistry, Dr.

UTA civil engineers shaping sustainable solutions, increasing energy output at landfill
UTA and the City of Denton are partnering on a groundbreaking landfill project.

Can we improve acceptance of HIV testing?
How you offer patients an HIV test has a significant impact on the likelihood of them accepting tests, finds a study published by The BMJ today.

New methods for more energy-efficient Internet services
Billions of people use the Internet, which requires huge data centers and results in an enormous energy consumption.

Nanoparticles combine photodynamic and molecular therapies against pancreatic cancer
A nanoparticle drug-delivery system that combines two complementary types of anticancer treatment could improve outcomes for patients with pancreatic cancer and other highly treatment-resistant tumors while decreasing toxicity.

Decades of bat observations reveal uptick in new causes of mass mortality
Reports of bat deaths worldwide due to human causes largely unique to the 21st century are markedly rising, according to a new USGS-led analysis published in Mammal Review.

Research center will develop consistent manufacturing processes for cell-based therapies
A $15.7 million grant from the Atlanta-based Marcus Foundation has helped launch a new Georgia Institute of Technology research center that will develop processes and techniques for ensuring the consistent, low-cost, large-scale manufacture of high-quality living cells used in cell-based therapies.

GSA honors Nancy Kleckner with 2016 Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal
The Genetics Society of America (GSA) is pleased to announce that Nancy Kleckner, Ph.D.

Infant-friendly flu vaccine developed with key protein
According to the World Health Organization, influenza causes serious illness among millions of people each year, resulting in 250,000 to 500,000 deaths.

Young people after Obamacare: Some ER visits down, others way up
While emergency department visits for young adults ages 19 to 25 decreased slightly overall following the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, visits for mental illnesses in this age group increased 'significantly,' as did diseases of the circulatory system, according to a study published online this month in Annals of Emergency Medicine ('Relationship of ACA Implementation to Emergency Department Utilization Among Young Adults').

Grafted plants' genomes can communicate with each other
Salk scientists find tiny molecules drive gene silencing across grafted shoots.

BioUnify COST Grant proposal brings EU biodiversity scientists and their data together
Mobilisation, coordination and cooperation are among the pillars of the Unifying European Biodiversity Informatics (BioUnify) project, described in a Grant proposal, submitted to the COST Association and published in the open-access journal Research Ideas and Outcomes (RIO).

NASA sees wide-eyed Tropical Cyclone Victor
NASA satellites and instruments have been monitoring Tropical Cyclone Victor, a hurricane in the South Pacific Ocean with a large eye.

The Dennis and Mireille Gillings Foundation donates £1 million for medical research
The generous donation will fund new staff to allow the Medical School to expand its research to improve patient care in the NHS and beyond, building its expertise in the diagnosis of genetic disorders, including in early pregnancy, and other innovative diagnostic testing.

The 31st Annual EAU Congress, EAU16
We kindly invite you to join EAU16, Europe's biggest Urology event, from March 11-15 in Munich.

Georgia State receives $867,000 to continue tobacco control work in China
Georgia State University's School of Public Health has received a grant of more than $867,000 from Pfizer Inc. to continue working with Chinese health officials to implement tobacco control programs in five major cities in China.

Race a factor in repeated victimizations of people with mental illness
African-Americans who are mentally ill are at greater risk of being repeatedly victimized than are mentally ill white people, according to criminologists at Georgia State University.

Irregular heartbeat stronger risk factor for heart disease and death in women than in men
An irregular heartbeat (known as atrial fibrillation or AF) is a stronger risk factor for stroke, heart disease, heart failure and death in women than in men, although the cause is unclear, finds a study in The BMJ this week.

Mechanical quanta see the light
Interconnecting different quantum systems is important for future quantum computing architectures, but has proven difficult to achieve.

Socio-economic status may impact care of children with epilepsy
Socio-economic status may influence the use of health resources among children with epilepsy, even in a universal health insurance system.

Health care usage, costs in developed countries for patients dying with cancer
The first international comparative study of end-of-life care practices finds that the United States actually has the lowest proportion of deaths in the hospital and the lowest number of days in the hospital in the last 6 months of life among seven developed countries.

Watching electrons cool in 30 quadrillionths of a second
Two University of California, Riverside assistant professors of physics are among a team of researchers that have developed a new way of seeing electrons cool off in an extremely short time period.

SAGE Publishing invests in peer review innovator publons
SAGE Publishing today announces that it has led an investment round for a minority stake in Publons with additional participation by existing investors.

Disrupting cell's supply chain freezes cancer virus
The cancer-causing Epstein-Barr virus tricks B-Cells of the human immune system into rapid cell division.

A new role for ApoE explains its diverse range of effects, particularly in Alzheimer's
New research provides a roadmap for what could be a 'unified theory' of Alzheimer's by offering an explanation for why a particular genetic form (allele) of apolipoprotein E (ApoE) poses the most significant genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease.

Camera traps reveal that tropical forest protected areas can protect biodiversity
Biodiversity in tropical forest protected areas may be faring better than previously thought, according to a study publishing in the open-access journal PLOS Biology on Jan.

Virtual bone biopsy helps identify why people with diabetes are at risk of bone fractures
A Southampton study using high-resolution imaging to create a 'virtual bone biopsy' has shed new light on why people with type 2 diabetes are at risk of bone fractures.

Zinnias from space!
In space, there is no scent of baking bread, no wind on your face, no sound of raindrops hitting the roof, no favorite kitten to curl up in your lap.

New research on inflammation and cancer: A prehistoric code regulates cell motility
Recent research demonstrates that an evolutionarily conserved molecular code, present on cell surface adhesion molecules, is a critical regulator of cell motility.

New book on how to save forest elephants published as extinction crisis deepens
A newly published book focused on promoting research and conservation methods and strategies for the African forest elephant arrives at a crucial time for this species, which is being decimated by poaching, habitat loss, and other threats, according to authors from the Wildlife Conservation Society and other organizations.

The reproductive and survival benefits of mothers and grandmothers in elephants
Only a few mammals and some birds are as long-lived as humans, and many of these species share interesting characteristics in how they age.

Vanderbilt psychologist receives Troland Research Award
The National Academy of Sciences has announced that Geoffrey Woodman, Associate Professor of Psychology at Vanderbilt University, will receive a 2016 Troland Research Award.

Chemical study of the influence of the marine environment on historical buildings
The UPV/EHU's IBeA research group has studied by means of various analytical tools the influence that may be exerted by various marine and urban-industrial atmospheres on the state of conservation of three buildings located in different places.

New experiments determine effective treatments for box jelly stings
Researchers at the University of Hawai'i developed an array of highly innovative experiments to allow scientists to safely test first-aid measures used for box jellyfish stings -- from folk tales, like urine, to state-of-the-art technologies developed for the military.

Quantum knots are real!
The very first experimental observations of knots in quantum matter have just been reported in Nature Physics by scientists at Aalto University (Finland) and Amherst College (USA).

When older adults stop driving, they may experience health declines
In older adults, declining health is a major reason they stop driving.

Physical attraction linked to genes that control height, study finds
Our choice of romantic partner can be determined by genetics more than we might expect, a study from the University of Edinburgh suggests.

Young whites at elite colleges see Asian-Americans as more competent than other minorities
Asian-Americans are stereotyped as 'cold but competent' -- and more competent than blacks and Hispanics -- by young white students at elite colleges, according to a Baylor University study.

Dartmouth researchers explain how vestibular system influences navigation
Dartmouth researchers have found the first direct evidence showing how the vestibular system's horizontal canals play a key role in sensing our direction in the environment.

Emotions matter -- dogs view facial expressions differently
A recent study from the University of Helsinki shows that the social gazing behavior of domestic dogs resembles that of humans: dogs view facial expressions systematically, preferring eyes.

NTU Singapore and Hyundai launch joint research center on urban systems
To develop sustainable solutions for challenges facing urban cities, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, is collaborating with one of South Korea's largest construction firms, Hyundai Engineering & Construction.

Airlines aren't learning enough from near misses
When it comes to flight safety, US airlines are pretty good at learning from accidents.

Neuroscientist David Freedman receives 2016 Troland Research Award
David Freedman, Ph.D., a neuroscientist who studies the neural underpinnings of learning, memory and decision-making, has been awarded the 2016 Troland Research Award from the National Academy of Sciences.

High BMI, low aerobic capacity in late teens Linked with hypertension in adults
Body-mass index (BMI) and aerobic capacity in late adolescence were important factors associated with the long-term of risk of hypertension in adulthood for military conscripts in Sweden, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Post-term delivery raises risk of complications and illness for newborns
A new Tel Aviv University study has found that post-term deliveries, even among low-risk pregnancies, are associated with increased short-term risks to newborns, including illnesses and infections.

HeLP-her cluster RCT shows weight gain prevention among women in rural Australia
The year-long HeLP-her intervention prevented a weight gain of nearly 1 kg on average among women living in rural Australia, according to trial results published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Colorado State University's breakthrough imaging tool maps cells' composition in 3-D
A one-of-a-kind instrument built at CSU lets scientists map cellular composition in three dimensions at the nanoscale, allowing researchers to watch how cells respond to new medications at the most minute level ever observed.

Why is chocolate so bad for dogs? (video)
Honey is great. It's perfect for drizzling over your toast or stirring into your tea, it's also the special ingredient in your favorite lip balm.

Gene may be important in autism disorders, other neuropsychiatric syndromes
Scientists have identified a gene that appears to play a significant role in raising a person's risk of having more severe subtypes of autism that co-occur with other genetic diseases, such as the chromosomal disorder 22q11.2 deletion syndrome.

Too much sugar during adolescence may alter brain's reward circuits
A new study in rats may provide significant insights into the long-term impacts of over-consumption of sugary foods during adolescence.

How mold on space station flowers is helping get us to Mars
When Scott Kelly tweeted a picture of moldy leaves on the current crop of zinnia flowers aboard the International Space Station, it could have looked like the science was doomed.

New target identified for reducing cancer metastasis
A protein that is constantly expressed by cancer cells and quiescent in healthy ones appears to be a solid target for reducing cancer's ability to spread, scientists report.

Using LEGO® blocks to develop stretchable electronics
A new article shows how toy bricks, such as LEGO® blocks, are not only for children -- in the hands of engineers, they can become a powerful laboratory tool for conducting sophisticated tasks.

Nano-photonics meets nano-mechanics
In a recent work published in Nature Communications, ICFO researchers Reserbat-Plantey, Schadler, and Gaudreau, led by ICREA Professors at ICFO F.

Omega 3 levels affect whether B vitamins can slow brain's decline
While research has already established that B vitamin supplements can help slow mental decline in older people with memory problems, an international team have now found that having higher levels of omega 3 fatty acids in your body could boost the B vitamins' effect.

DOE announces new projects to modernize America's electric grid
Today, US Department of Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz announced up to $220 million in new funding for a consortium of DOE national laboratories and partners to support critical research and development over the next three years to help modernize our nation's electrical power grid.

Genetically modified cows may help combat bovine tuberculosis
Researchers have used a technique called transgenic somatic cell nuclear transfer to generate cattle whose cells express a gene that confers resistance to the bacterium that causes bovine tuberculosis.

Immunity genes could protect some from E. coli while others fall ill
When a child comes home from preschool with a stomach bug that threatens to sideline the whole family for days, why do some members of the family get sick while others are unscathed?

Text messages can help reduce blood pressure
Study shows text message reminders help people stick to their prescribed treatment with improved blood pressure as a result.

Converting solar energy into electric power via photobioelectrochemical cells
Researchers report a novel method to use photo-bioelectrochemical cells to photonically drive biocatalytic fuel cells while generating electrical power from solar energy.

FAU bioengineer receives NIH grant for novel biodegradable stent for esophageal cancer
Using a special 3-D printing technique, researchers at FAU will develop the tissue-engineered stent for esophageal cancer using biodegradable elastomeric polymer materials that will make it sufficiently rigid yet flexible enough to expand and contract with the esophagus.

Global analysis reveals why many bat populations are in decline
Many of the 1,300 species of bat are considered to be threatened and declining.

Weekend binges just as bad for the gut as a regular junk food diet, study suggests
Yo-yoing between eating well during the week and bingeing on junk food over the weekend is likely to be just as bad for your gut health as a consistent diet of junk, new UNSW research suggests.

JAMA Viewpoint: 'Physician-assisted dying: A turning point?'
The debate over physician-assisted death (PAD) appears to be at a turning point, with a significant number of state legislatures across the country considering PAD, say two Georgetown University scholars, but, they caution, social and ethical safeguards are needed.

How face-to-face still beats Facebook
A study shows that the social brain hypothesis, that friendship groups are consistently sized as a consequence of cognitive limits, is not trumped by the opportunity to 'friend' an unlimited number of people on social media.

American College of Cardiology program to support cardiovascular disease prevention in China
The American College of Cardiology has launched a cardiovascular disease education and awareness program in China to prepare physicians and hospital systems for a nationwide health care shift that supports heart disease prevention and optimal patient care.

Aerobic exercise benefits patients with Parkinson's disease
You've likely heard this before: Exercise is good for you.

Delirium is common in older gastrointestinal surgery patients
A new analysis indicates that delirium commonly develops in the older patients who have undergone gastrointestinal surgery.

'Twilight zone' fish swim silently with forked tails
An international team of researchers has identified a way to predict which reef fish can live across a greater range of depths, increasing their chances of surviving natural disasters such as cyclones and coral bleaching.

Task force provides guidance on use of osteoporosis drugs
A new report by a task force of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research provides guidance on the use of bisphosphonates, which are the most commonly used medications for osteoporosis.

Entomological Society of America releases statement on the importance of insect collections
The Entomological Society of America has issued a statement about the value of entomological collections and the need to implement protections for these irreplaceable resources.

What's height got to do with it?
Some may believe that chance brings you together with your loved one, but scientists have found a far less romantic reason.

Current therapy for patients with Parkinson's disease shown to be ineffective
New research from the University of Birmingham has shown that physiotherapy and occupational therapy do not produce improvements in quality of life for patients with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease.

Psoriasis patients have reduced access to efficient treatment method with age
A new study from Umeå University in Sweden shows that age plays a huge role when it comes to patients' access to psoriasis treatment.

Researchers advocate improvements in end-of-life care
Three Dana-Farber Cancer Institute researchers, writing in a special issue of JAMA published today, make the case for policies and practices that give terminally ill patients more control over how and where they will die.

Slow heart rate does not increase risk of heart disease
Bradycardia -- a slower than normal heartbeat -- does not increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, according to a study conducted by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.

Nearing the limits of life on Earth
McGill scientists are looking for life in an area of Antarctica that is thought to be the place on Earth that most closely resembles the permafrost found in the northern polar region of Mars, at the Phoenix landing site.

Study: First ever to quantify crop by crop where African farmers obtain seed
Extensive survey raises red flag for reliance on formal markets to deliver critical crop varieties, while also refuting assumption that most farmers rely on saved seed.

Intimate partner violence shows bidirectional link with maternal perinatal depression
Intimate partner violence severity has a statistically significant association with depression symptom severity among pregnant women and new mothers living in poor neighborhoods in Cape Town, South Africa, according to a cohort study published the week in PLOS Medicine.

Frequent use of post-acute care associated with higher hospital readmission rates
New research suggests that some hospitals may be using post-acute care as a substitute for inpatient care, which might lead to patients being discharged from the hospital prematurely -- which in turn results in higher hospital readmission rates.

Bismuth-based nanoribbons show 'topological' transport, potential for new technologies
Researchers have created nanoribbons of an emerging class of materials called topological insulators and used a magnetic field to control their semiconductor properties, a step toward harnessing the technology to study exotic physics and building new spintronic devices or quantum computers.

B12 deficiency a concern for long-term care
A high proportion of older adults entering long-term care homes in Ontario are B12 deficient, with more developing deficiencies over the course of their first year in residence, according to research from the University of Waterloo.

Estrogen protective against flu virus in women but not men, study suggests
Estrogen dramatically reduced the amount of flu virus that replicated in infected cells from women but not from men, a new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health shows.

Tax evasion impacts country credit ratings and lending costs says new study
High levels of tax evasion are linked to higher interest rates and can be a predictor of a country's credit risk, according to a new study led by the University of East Anglia (UEA).

Immune 1-2-3 punch against parasites reveals potentially ancient cell death pathway
The immune system's killer cells deliver a tightly controlled, 3-phase knockout punch that kills intracellular parasites through a novel pathway that an international team led by researchers from the Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine at Boston Children's Hospital have named 'microptosis.'

Physicians receive less aggressive end-of-life care, less likely to die in a hospital
Two studies in the Jan. 19 issue of JAMA compare the intensity of end-of-life treatment and the likelihood of dying in a hospital between physicians and the general population.

Breakthrough in human cell transformation could revolutionize regenerative medicine
A breakthrough in the transformation of human cells by an international team led by researchers at the University of Bristol could open the door to a new range of treatments for a variety of medical conditions.

Advances in continuous glucose monitoring technology will pave the way to an artificial pancreas
As the accuracy, reliability, adoption, and successful use of Continuous Glucose Monitoring continue to increase, the ultimate goal of combining CGM with an insulin pump and sophisticated algorithms for automating the control and suspension of insulin infusion -- known as the 'artificial pancreas' -- moves closer to becoming a reality.

Scientists have shown how to make a low-cost yet high precision glass nanoengraving
In a joint study, scientists have developed a mechanism of laser deposition of patterns on glass with a resolution of 1000 times lower than the width of a human hair.

US science and technology leadership increasingly challenged by advances in Asia
According to the latest federal data, the US science and engineering (S&E) enterprise still leads the world.

People with dementia gain from learning self-management skills
Research involving Bangor University and published in the journal International Psychogeriatrics, found that attending weekly 'self-management' group sessions which encouraged socialisation, discussion, problem solving and goal setting fostered independence and promoted social support amongst people with dementia.

Leading medical journals propose mandate on clinical data sharing
The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors proposes new rules that will require authors to share clinical trial data as a prerequisite for their manuscripts to be considered for publication.

Leadership study hints that age beats height
New research out of the University of Melbourne suggests that when it comes to good leadership at the Olympic level, age trumps physical stature.

Continuing the search for better energy materials
Throughout almost two decades of work with energy-related materials, Zhifeng Ren has received a number of grants for work in basic energy science from the Department of Energy.
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