Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 20, 2016
Under the weather? A blood test can tell if antibiotics are needed
Researchers at Duke Health are fine-tuning a test that can determine whether a respiratory illness is caused by infection from a virus or bacteria so that antibiotics can be more precisely prescribed.

Depression of either parent during pregnancy linked to premature birth
Depression in both expectant mothers and fathers increases the risk of premature birth, finds a study published in BJOG: an International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

The lizard of consistency: New iguana species which sticks to its colors found in Chile
During a field trip in the mountains of central Chile, scientists discovered a new endemic iguana species.

Glass-based ultraviolet absorbers act as 'biological shields'
Researchers in China have developed a glass-based material that can block out UV-light and protect living cells.

Small but deadly: The chemical warfare of sea slugs
Brightly colored sea slugs are slurping deadly chemicals and stockpiling the most toxic compounds for use on their enemies.

Trump surging to 48 percent in Florida as Clinton closes gap in GOP matchups in FAU poll
Donald Trump has surged nearly 12 points in the last two months and is closing on half of the GOP vote in Florida, where Hillary Clinton has improved in all head-to-head matchups against GOP frontrunners, according to a new poll by the Florida Atlantic University Business and Economics Polling Initiative.

New genus of tree hole breeding frogs found in India
Scientists describe and name a new genus of tree hole breeding frogs from India, according to a study published Jan.

Bluetooth and Wi-Fi sensing from mobile devices may help improve bus service
Transportation engineers from the University of Washington have developed an inexpensive system to sense Wi-Fi and Bluetooth signals from bus passengers' mobile devices and collect data to build better transit systems.

Long-term exposure to ozone may increase lung and cardiovascular deaths
Adults with long-term exposure to ozone (O3) face an increased risk of dying from respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, according to the study 'Long-Term Ozone Exposure and Mortality in a Large Prospective Study' published online ahead of print in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

This week from AGU: New atmos. ripples, Antarctic ice shelf melt, Cold drones, & 4 papers
This Week From AGU: New atmospheric ripples, Antarctic ice shelf melt, Drones in the cold, and 4 new research papers.

Neutral result charges up antimatter research
Scientists of the international ALPHA Collaboration are once again pushing the boundaries of antimatter research with their latest breakthrough studying the properties of antihydrogen.

Study finds strong link between pre-pregnancy obesity and infant deaths
Pre-pregnancy obesity is strongly associated with infant mortality, and compliance with weight-gain guidelines during pregnancy has a limited impact on that mortality risk, a new study led by Boston University School of Public Health researchers shows.

Majority of Americans support strengthening Medicare law to require coverage of obesity programs
More than two years after the American Medical Association declared obesity a disease, a strong majority of Americans believe Congress should approve legislation to require Medicare to cover FDA-approved medicines to treat obesity.

Zuckerberg or Buffett -- Is youth or experience more valuable in the boardroom?
Approximately half of the companies listed with Standard & Poor have adopted policies mandating retirement based on age.

'Squishy' robot fingers aid deep sea exploration
Researchers have designed the first application of soft robotics for the non-destructive sampling of fauna from the ocean floor Their recent expedition in the Red Sea successfully demonstrated the new technology, which could enhance researchers' ability to collect samples from largely unexplored habitats thousands of feet beneath the ocean surface, areas that scientists believe are biodiversity hotspots teeming with unknown life.

Cost burden of Quebec's carbon market seen as modest
The cost burden of Quebec's carbon-pricing policy, is likely to be modest across income groups and industries, according to a McGill University research team.

A closer look at heart cell connectors could catch 'hidden' rhythm disorders in the future
Diseased hearts may be thrown out of rhythm by structural differences -- now visible for the first time -- in protein groups that connect heart muscle cells, according to the authors of a study to be published in the journal Nature Communications online Jan.

Biomarker predicts which stage II colon cancer patients may benefit from chemotherapy
Researchers from Columbia, Stanford, UC-Davis, and other institutions have identified a biomarker that predicts which stage II colon cancer patients may benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy to prevent a disease recurrence.

The importance of children at play
Research highlights positive strengths in developmental learning for Latino children in low-income households based on their interactive play skills.

Penn-engineered neural networks show hope for axonal repair with minimal disruption to brain tissue
Lab-grown neural networks have the ability to replace lost axonal tracks in the brains of patients with severe head injuries, strokes or neurodegenerative diseases and can be safely delivered with minimal disruption to brain tissue, according to new research from Penn Medicine's department of Neurosurgical Research.

High-performance material polyimide for the first time with angular shape
Polyimides are widely used in industry. But up until now, polyimide particles could only be produced in round shape, which is a problem for many applications.

Land management could help wildlife beat the challenges brought by climate change
Scientists from the University of Exeter have suggested that habitats could be controlled through various focused practices to help 'buffer' species against the worst effects of continued climate change.

Researchers prove surprising chemistry inside a potential breakthrough battery
Lithium-air batteries hold the promise of storing electricity at up to five times the energy density of today's familiar lithium-ion batteries, but they have inherent shortcomings.

How 2 degrees may turn into 4
The world has decided to adopt measures to prevent average global warming from exceeding the two-degree mark.

GenomeSpace 'recipes' help biologists interpret genomic data
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and collaborators developed GenomeSpace, a cloud-based, biologist-friendly platform that connects more than 20 bioinformatics software packages and resources for genomic data analysis.

Coal formation linked to assembly of supercontinent Pangea
The same geologic forces that stitcedh the supercontinent Pangea together also helped form the ancient coal beds that powered the Industrial Revolution.

Increased diabetes risk associated with youth antipsychotic treatment, rare with small absolute incidence rates
A review of medical literature suggests antipsychotic treatment in youth was associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, although the condition appeared to be rare with small absolute incidence rates, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Neolithic tomb reveals community stayed together, even in death
A Neolithic Spanish burial site contains remains of a closely-related local community from 6,000 years ago, according to a study published Jan.

Researchers find microbial heat islands in the desert
Deserts are often thought of as barren places where not much is afoot.

UMass Amherst computer scientist to receive 'Jewel of India' award
Professor Ramesh Sitaraman of the College of Information and Computer Sciences at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, will receive one of India's highest awards for non-residents, the 'Jewel of India,' in a ceremony in New Delhi on Monday, Jan.

Flashing lights and music turn rats into problem gamblers
Adding flashing lights and music to gambling encourages risky decision-making -- even if you're a rat.

The Lancet Respiratory Medicine: Benefits of cystic fibrosis drug ivacaftor reported in pre-school children for the first time
The oral drug ivacaftor appears to be safe and could be beneficial to young children between the ages of 2 and 5 with a specific type of cystic fibrosis, according to new research published in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine journal.

French drug trial details murky, should not influence future cannabinoid research
Contrary to initial reports, the drug tested on paid volunteers in a French study, which resulted in one death and five hospitalizations, did not contain cannabis or cannabinoids.

Researchers measure fish abundance in lakes using a few water samples
Researchers from Universite Laval and Quebec's Ministry of Forests, Wildlife and Parks have shown that the DNA suspended in lake water can be used to effectively estimate the abundance of fish living in it.

Evidence of a prehistoric massacre extends the history of warfare
Skeletal remains of a group of foragers massacred around 10,000 years ago on the shores of a lagoon is unique evidence of a violent encounter between clashing groups of ancient hunter-gatherers, and suggests the 'presence of warfare' in late Stone Age foraging societies.

How ocean acidification and warming could affect the culturing of pearls
Pearls have adorned the necklines of women throughout history, but some evidence suggests that the gems' future could be uncertain.

Research reveals mechanism for direct synthesis of hydrogen peroxide
New research from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign reveals the mechanism for the direct synthesis of H2O2 on palladium cluster catalysts, and paves the way to design improved catalysts to produce H2O2 to use in place of harmful chlorine, regardless of the scale of the production facility.

On the rise
Kyle Ratner's innovative social psychology research has earned him Rising Star status.

Genetics and environment impact familial depression
Building on a 30-year, three-generation study of depressed individuals, their children and offspring, a study published in the journal Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging provides a better understanding of the familial risk for depression and the role neuroplasticity might have in increasing the risk of developing depression.

Preventative measures can help to control squash bugs
An open-access article in the Journal of Integrated Pest Management offers advice on how growers can control squash bugs (Anasa tristis).

Invasive amphibian fungus could threaten US salamander populations
A deadly fungus causing population crashes in wild European salamanders could emerge in the United States and threaten already declining amphibians here, according to a report released today by the US Geological Survey.

The 4th Heidelberg Laureate Forum has sights set on September!
For one week, the recipients of the Abel Prize, the ACM A.M.

Neighbors would rather talk over the fence than online, study finds
A research project that set out to use social media to revive a struggling neighborhood association found that neighbors prefer to communicate face-to-face rather than through Facebook.

Policy fights over climate change, commercial chemicals on deck for 2016
These days, Congress is known for partisan bickering rather than legislating, but the upcoming year could still prove to be an interesting one for science-related issues, including climate change and consumer protection from harmful substances.

Structure of protein complex that plays key role in modulating immune system revealed
The search for new inflammatory disease drugs may be aided by a detailed structure of distinct ubiquitin ligase complex.

Depression experts question effectiveness of stress hormone drug
Pioneering research by mood disorder experts at Newcastle University has questioned the effectiveness of metyrapone, a drug suggested to treat depression.

Chickenpox, shingles vaccine may cause corneal inflammation in some patients
In use for more than 20 years, the varicella zoster virus vaccine for chickenpox and shingles is considered an essential medicine by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Exercise helps young baleen whales develop ability to store oxygen for extended dives
Baleen whale calves develop oxygen-carrying myoglobin as they mature, and exercise may drive the key component of early development, according to a study published Jan.

Clarifying the mechanism for making blood cells
In 1917, Florence Sabin, the first female member of the US National Academy of Sciences, discovered hemangioblasts, the common precursor cells for blood cells and blood vessel endothelia.

New process enables easier isolation of carbon nanotubes
Using this new method, long carbon nanotubes with high structural integrity, and without contaminants, can be obtained.

Gene therapy for rare bleeding disorder achieves proof-of-concept
Hematology researchers have used a single injection of gene therapy to correct a rare bleeding disorder, factor VII deficiency, in dogs.

New biomarker identifies colon cancer patients who may benefit from chemotherapy
Using a new computer science approach, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, Columbia University and Stanford University discovered a distinctive molecular feature -- a biomarker -- that identified colon cancer patients who were most likely to remain disease-free up to five years after surgery.

Legal, policy changes can lead to shifts in use of medical marijuana
Policy changes since 2001 had varying effects on the number of people consuming medical marijuana.

Eating healthier fats could reduce heart disease deaths worldwide
Eating healthier fats could save more than a million people worldwide from dying from heart disease each year.

It's mom who sees troubles for teens with food allergies
Mothers of teens with food allergies are more likely than the kids themselves to report that the youth have emotional and behavioral problems.

Age-related response to the hepatitis B vaccine linked to inflammation
Physicians have known for years that patients respond differently to vaccines as they age.

Tecnalia develops legume protein-based films and coatings
The main aim of the European LEGUVAL project is to valorise the by-products of the legume processing industry, which are currently discarded, so that they can be used to prepare plastic materials for agriculture, packaging and automotive applications.

Pitt researchers developing sponge-like material to more efficiently store natural gas
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering are utilizing metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) to develop a new type of storage system that would adsorb natural gas like a sponge and allow for more energy-efficient storage and use.

Copper deposition to fabricate tiny 3-D objects
A new 3-D microprinting process allows scientists to easily manufacture tiny, complex metal components.

CU Anschutz study finds link between indoor tanning and substance abuse
Researchers from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have shown a direct link between indoor tanning and substance abuse among Colorado high school students.

Research!America to honor Sen. Roy Blunt and Rep. Tom Cole for their leadership in advancing research and innovation
Senator Roy Blunt (R-MO) and Congressman Tom Cole (R-OK) have been selected to receive the Edwin C.

How much does African-American race play a role in stroke risk?
Even though young African-Americans are at three times greater risk of a first stroke than their white counterparts, they may not be at a higher risk for a second stroke, according to a study published in the Jan.

Social anxiety is highly heritable but is affected by environment
Genes play a crucial role over time although environmental factors matter most in the short term, according to a major study into social anxiety and avoidant personality disorders from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.

Switchable material could enable new memory chips
MIT researchers have found that small voltage can flip thin film between two crystal states -- one metallic, one semiconducting.

CSU's BioMARC helps advance vaccines for Department of Defense
Colorado State University's Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing and Academic Resource Center (BioMARC) has been awarded a 10-month, $4.6 million contract funded by the Department of Defense (DoD) to help develop and manufacture new vaccines to fight encephalitic viruses that cause inflammation of the brain.

New species of bird discovered in India and China by international team of scientists
A new species of bird has been described in north-eastern India and adjacent parts of China by a team of scientists from Sweden, China, the US, India and Russia, headed by Professor Per Alström, Uppsala University and Swedish University of Agricultural Science.

Gone fishin' for natural products, with a new dragnet
Nature contains a treasure trove of substances that could help fight human disease.

Wistar startup immunaccel aims to accelerate the translation of immuno-oncology therapies
Immunaccel, a start-up recently launched out of Wistar, seeks to leverage research infrastructure, proprietary technology and key expertise to help biotech and pharmaceutical partners advance their drug candidates in the rapidly expanding and challenging immuno-oncology space.

Powerful machine-learning technique uncovers unknown features of pathogen
A powerful new machine-learning technique can be applied to large datasets in the biological sciences to uncover previously unknown features of organisms and their genes.

Mining social media can help improve disaster response efforts
Leveraging publicly available social media posts could help disaster response agencies quickly identify impacted areas in need of assistance, according to a Penn State-led team of researchers.

Tufts researchers find meals at 92 percent of dining establishments tip the scales
According to a new study led by researchers at Tufts University, 92 percent of both large-chain and non-chain restaurants serve meals exceeding recommended calorie requirements for a single serving.

No evidence of seasonal differences in depressive symptoms
A large-scale survey of US adults provides no evidence that levels of depressive symptoms vary from season to season, according to new research published in Clinical Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

NCDB study results define optimal waiting time before surgery following chemoradiotherapy
Researchers analyzing data from the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) have found that patients who had a cancer operation at precisely eight weeks -- 56 days -- after the end of combined chemoradiotherapy had the best overall survival and successful removal of their residual tumors.

Newly discovered photosynthetic bacteria is surprisingly abundant
A bacterium found in the remote Gobi Desert has shown talents for using the sun's light as energy, and now researchers reveal that it can be found in surprisingly many different places, including water treatment plants.

Childhood trauma associated with worse impulse control in adulthood, U-M study finds
The scars of childhood abuse and neglect affect adults' brains for decades to come -- including their ability to process and act on information both quickly and accurately, new research suggests.

Cleveland clinic finds pregnancy-associated melanoma is associated with higher death rates
Melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, is on the rise in women of child-bearing age.

Chemical fingerprints confirm the saffron fraud
Saffron from Spain is one of the world's most superior varieties, but the majority of this product which is labelled and exported as such originates in other countries.

Gloop from the deep sea
ETH scientists are researching the unusual secretions of the hagfish.

Study reveals why your brain makes you slip up when anxious
Neuroscientists at the University of Sussex's Sackler Centre and Brighton and Sussex Medical School have identified the brain network system that causes us to stumble and stall just when we least want to.

A fast way of electron orbit simulation in complex magnetic fields
The design of advanced synchrotron radiation sources requires precise algorithms for the simulation of electron trajectories in complex magnetic fields.

Naval research grant will speed work on materials, energy
A grant from the Office of Naval Research will help researchers from across the University of Houston more efficiently test advanced materials being developed with funding from the Department of Defense.

Nature inspired nano-structures mean no more cleaning windows
Smart windows clean themselves, save energy and mimic moth eyes to cut glare A revolutionary new type of smart window could cut window-cleaning costs in tall buildings while reducing heating bills and boosting worker productivity.

Toward consistently good pinot noir
The grapes used to make pinot noir, the red wine of hit comedy 'Sideways' fame, are known to be literally and figuratively thin-skinned.

After repeated pounding, antihydrogen reveals its charge: Zero
Per the Standard Model of Particle Physics, the electrical charge of matter and antimatter should be opposite and equal.

RIT and ASD Inc. host symposium on trends in spectroscopy Jan. 21
Rochester Institute of Technology and Analytical Spectral Devices Inc. will host a workshop on current applications and trends in spectroscopy.

Easier access to children's GP appointments linked to reduced use of emergency departments
Children whose GPs are easy to access are less likely to visit A&E than those whose GPs are less able to provide appointments.

New species of bird discovered in India and China by international team of scientists
A new species of bird has been discovered in northeastern India and adjacent parts of China by a team of scientists from Sweden, China, the US, India and Russia.

Memory capacity of brain is 10 times more than previously thought
Data from the Salk Institute shows brain's memory capacity is in the petabyte range, as much as entire Web.

2016 Louis-Jeantet Prize for Medicine
The 2016 Louis-Jeantet Prize for Medicine is awarded to Andrea Ballabio, founder and director of the Telethon Institute of Genetics and Medicine (TIGEM), Italy, and to the biochemist John Diffley, associate research director at the Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom.

Self-heating lithium-ion battery could beat the winter woes
A lithium-ion battery that self heats if the temperature is below 32 degrees Fahrenheit has multiple applications, but may have the most impact on relieving winter 'range anxiety' for electric vehicle owners, according to a team of researchers from Penn State and EC Power, State College.

Vegetables fried with olive oil have more healthy properties than boiled ones
Researchers from the University of Granada confirm that frying in Extra Virgin Olive Oil is the best way of increasing the effects of phenols, antioxidants whose consumption prevents chronic degenerative pathologies such as cancer, diabetes or macular degeneration The aim of this research, published in Food Chemistry magazine, was to compare which cooking method improves the antioxidant capacity and the amount of phenolic compounds of vegetables used in the Mediterranean diet (potato, pumpkin, tomato and eggplant) the most.

Soldiers with PTSD more 'tuned' to angry faces because of over-connected brain circuits
Soldiers with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are more 'tuned' to perceive threatening facial expressions than people without PTSD because of more over-connected brain circuits, according to a new study published in the journal Heliyon.

New study of gene mutations causing Leigh syndrome shows effects on embryonic development
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) prove to be an excellent model system for determining at what stage the mutations in the Complex I gene, known to cause Leigh syndrome, begin to affect embryonic development.

Spotted eggshells may indicate sickly mothers in great tits
The many colors and patterns of bird eggs can provide camouflage and help parents tell their own eggs apart from those of invaders, but a forthcoming study in The Auk: Ornithological Advances suggests another function for eggshell patterns -- they can provide information about the health of the mother.

200 million-year-old Jurassic dinosaur uncovered in Wales
A new carnivorous dinosaur species named Dracoraptor hanigani uncovered in the south of Wales is possibly the oldest known Jurassic dinosaur from the UK, according to a study published Jan.

Genetic variation may explain Asian susceptibility to Kawasaki disease
Scientists from the RIKEN Center for Integrative Medical Sciences (IMS) in Yokohama, Japan, in collaboration with researchers from a number of hospitals around Japan, have found two variations in a gene called ORAI1, one of which may help explain why people of Asian descent are more susceptible to Kawasaki disease, a poorly understand ailment that mostly afflicts young children.

Novel study shows lower surgical mortality in hospitals with best nursing care
Patients are often unaware that choosing the right hospital is very important to having a good outcome.

How a 2°C rise means even higher temperatures where we live
New research published in Nature led by Prof Sonia Seneviratne from ETH Zurich with researchers from Australia's ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science (ARCCSS) has quantified the change in regional extremes in a world where global average temperatures have risen by 2°C.

Study finds no link between surgical anesthesia and MCI
A Mayo Clinic study of people who received anesthesia for surgery after age 40 found no association between the anesthesia and development of mild cognitive impairment later in life.

Study results leading to the development of a new type of anticancer agent
A wide variety of research has shown that γ-tubulin activates during cell division and that it is overexpressed in a portion of cancer cells, so it holds potential as a target protein for new anticancer agents with few side effects.

Building a health care information economy based on patients' control of data
The time is right for a broad range of stakeholders to push for a health care information economy founded on the basic principle that patients should have control over their data, Boston Children's Hospital informatics researchers say in a Perspective article in The New England Journal of Medicine.

AGS launches coordinating center for Geriatric Workforce Enhancement Program
Under a $3 million grant from The John A. Hartford Foundation, the American Geriatrics Society will administer a Geriatrics Workforce Enhancement Program Coordinating Center to provide strategic resources for 44 HRSA awardees working on local solutions to the national geriatrics workforce shortage

Close to 40 percent of formerly suicidal Canadians subsequently achieve complete mental health
Close to 40 percent (38 percent) of formerly suicidal Canadians have reached a state of complete mental health, not only being free of symptoms of mental illness, suicidal thoughts or substance abuse in the preceding year, but also reporting almost daily happiness or life satisfaction, and social and psychological wellbeing according to a new study from researchers at the University of Toronto.

A new study puts temperature increases caused by CO2 emissions on the map
A new study published in Nature Climate Change pinpoints the temperature increases caused by CO¬2 emissions in different regions around the world.

Substance use, indoor tanning among Colorado high school students
Analyses of the results of a survey of Colorado high school students suggest there may be a potential association between substance use and indoor tanning, according to an article published online by JAMA Dermatology.

Targeted release of medication with highly porous nanomaterials
An international, interdisciplinary team of researchers is developing highly porous biomaterials for localized release of therapeutic ions and drugs in the MOZART project which has received 4.65 million euros in funding.

Like air traffic, information flows through neuron 'hubs' in the brain, finds IU study
A new study from Indiana University, reported today in the journal Neuroscience, shows that 70 percent of all information within cortical regions in the brain passes through only 20 percent of these regions' neurons.

Fewer than 1 in 5 nurses comply with guidelines for standard precautions
Only 17.4 percent of ambulatory care nurses reported compliance in all nine standard precautions for infection prevention, according to a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).

Using light for targeted drug delivery could help fight tumors, local infections
Some drug regimens, such as those designed to eliminate tumors, are notorious for nasty side effects.

Dangerous driving puts kids at higher risk of getting hit during school drop-offs
In 2011, trained observers measured dangerous driving behaviours and numbers of children walking to school during morning drop-off times.

Elisa Konofagou's new DARPA grant advances work in focused ultrasound
Columbia Engineering Professor Elisa Konofagou won a $3.33 million DARPA grant to develop a new way to use focused ultrasound for stimulation of peripheral nerves that will ultimately be able to control organ function.

Quantum computing is coming -- are you prepared for it?
Quantum computing will change lives, society and the economy and a working system is expected to be developed by 2020 according to a leading figure in the world of quantum computing, who will talk tomorrow at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.

Can performance brands cause a placebo effect?
A common marketing message from consumer brands is 'you will perform better with us.' A group of researchers set out to determine whether using performance brands such as Nike and 3M had any measurable affect on consumers' output.

Assessing the impact of human-induced climate change
Researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research develop and apply new method to determine whether specific climate impacts can be traced to human-caused emissions.

Inherited genetic markers may predict melanoma survival -- and help plot course of disease
How long will a patient survive following the removal of a melanoma tumor?

Preoperative frailty associated with increased risk of death following surgery
The presence of frailty-defining diagnoses before surgery were strongly associated with an increased risk of death at one year after surgery, particularly in the early postoperative period, in younger patients, and after joint replacement, according to a study published online by JAMA Surgery.

Fatty acids from GM oilseed crops could replace fish oil
Oil from genetically modified (GM) oil seed crops could replace fish oil as a primary source of the beneficial omega 3 fatty acid EPA -- according to new research from the University of East Anglia.

KAIST's IdeasLab on Biotechnology Solutions for Aging Populations at 2016 Davos Forum
At this year's Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum (a.k.a.

Water supplies in Tibet set to increase in the future
The Tibetan Plateau has long been seen as a 'hotspot' for international environmental research, and there have been fears that water supplies in the major Asian rivers would drastically decline in the near future.

Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty: A promising new weight loss procedure
A novel treatment method -- endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty -- might offer a new solution for obese patients.

Study illuminates war between the sexes: Fruit fly edition
Drosophila erecta is an African fruit fly with a big problem: The male sexual organ is so rough that sex acts, almost literally, as a two-edged sword -- necessary for reproduction, but physically injurious.

New test could predict dementia risk during routine GP visits
It may be possible to assess the risk of developing dementia by analyzing information gathered during routine visits to the family doctor, according to research published in the open access journal BMC Medicine.

Researchers pinpoint place where cancer cells may begin
In a study involving the fruit fly equivalent of an oncogene implicated in many human leukemias, a Northwestern University research team has gained insight into how developing cells normally switch to a restricted, or specialized, state and how that process might go wrong in cancer.

Lehigh awarded Keck Foundation grant for anti-thermal materials research
The W.M. Keck Foundation has awarded a $1 million grant to Lehigh University to study and discover the mechanisms that govern anti-thermal processes that appear to reverse nature.

Young Muslim women from slums impact India's globalization: York University study
In her book, 'Young Muslim Women in India: Bollywood, Identity and Changing Youth Culture' (published by Routledge), York University Professor Kabita Chakraborty explores how they contribute to and are impacted by the changing youth culture in India.

Emotion-processing networks disrupted in sufferers of depression
Regions of the brain that normally work together to process emotion become decoupled in people who experience multiple episodes of depression, neuroscientists report.

Up to 50 percent of women with advanced-stage ovarian cancer could be cured with 1 treatment model
Up to half of women with advanced-stage ovarian cancer might be cured, compared to the current 20 percent survival rate, argues Dr.

NASA measures winds in Tropical Cyclone Victor
NASA's RapidScat instrument found the strongest winds in Tropical Cyclone Victor were occurring south of its center on Jan.

RIT receives major grant to assess needs of electric control center operators
Researchers at Rochester Institute of Technology received a grant from the US Department of Energy as part of the Bonneville Power Administration Technology Innovation Project to find easier ways for electric control center operators to process critical situations.

Rising carbon dioxide emissions pose 'intoxication' threat to world's ocean fish
UNSW Australia researchers have found that carbon dioxide concentrations in seawater could reach levels high enough to make fish 'intoxicated' and disoriented many decades earlier than previously thought, with serious implications for the world's fisheries.

MSU biologists discovered a new facet of the mechanism of protein biosynthesis
Scientists from the Lomonosov Moscow State University led by Sergey Dmitriev from Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology MSU have clarified how the living cell determine where protein synthesis should begin.

The indications of a new geological epoch marked by human impact are clear
A new geological epoch characterised by the impact of human activity on the Earth is now clear, according to the recent publication produced by an international group of geoscientists and which has appeared in the journal Science.

To hear a pitter patter from afar: Catching heartbeats with millimeter-wave radar
Heartbeats can now be measured without placing sensors on the body.

Caltech researchers find evidence of a real ninth planet
Caltech researchers have found evidence of a giant planet tracing a bizarre, highly elongated orbit in the outer solar system.

Advance improves cutting and pasting with CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing
While scientists continue to improve CRISPR-Cas9's ability to precisely target, cut and inactivate a gene, replacing or repairing a gene is still hit and miss.

Exercise for people with dementia improves balance and reduces dependence
Regular exercise improves balance for people with dementia and reduces dependence on assistance.

Gender gap closing in field of vision science, Dartmouth-Penn study finds
Men continue to dominate a number of academic professions such as economics, but a Dartmouth College-University of Pennsylvania study shows the gender gap is shrinking in at least one research field -- vision science. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to