Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 22, 2016
Louisiana Tech University engineering professor receives state professionalism award
Dr. Beth Hegab, lecturer for industrial engineering and program coordinator for engineering and technology management at Louisiana Tech University, has received the 2016 Engineering Faculty Professionalism Award from the Louisiana Engineering Foundation.

How to detect and preserve human stem cells in the lab
Human stem cells that are capable of becoming any other kind of cell in the body have previously only been acquired and cultivated with difficulty.

Self-stacking nanogrids
In a new paper in the journal Nature Communications, MIT researchers describe the first technique for stacking layers of block-copolymer wires such that the wires in one layer naturally orient themselves perpendicularly to those in the layer below.

Fertility experts identify genetic pattern in womb linked to IVF failure
Fertility experts in Southampton and the Netherlands have identified a specific genetic pattern in the womb that could predict whether or not IVF treatment is likely to be successful.

Russian volunteer programmers helped the Lomonosov MSU to find the mysterious black holes
An international team of astronomers led by Ivan Zolotukhin from the Sternberg Astronomical Institute of the Lomonosov Moscow State University is close to understanding one of the most important mysteries of the modern astronomy -- the so-called intermediate-mass black holes (IMBH).

GTPases in Trafficking, Autophagy and Disease
Arf, Arl, Rab and Rag GTPases control traffic, proteostasis, membrane dynamics, signaling and lipid metabolism.

Melting Greenland ice sheet may affect global ocean circulation, future climate
Scientists from the University of South Florida, along with colleagues in Canada and the Netherlands, have determined that the influx of fresh water from the Greenland ice sheet is 'freshening' the North Atlantic Ocean and could disrupt the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, an important component of global ocean circulation that could have a global effect.

DMP 'chronic heart failure': Guidelines do not cover all health-care aspects
IQWiG has identified recommendations for a potential new DMP. Some concomitant diseases as well as the outpatient-inpatient interface are inadequately depicted in current guidelines.

Microwaved nanotubes come up clean
Researchers use a household microwave oven to enhance the purification of carbon nanotubes.

Where wood is chopped, splinters must fall
Maros Pleska, a graduate student in the laboratory of C?lin Guet, an Assistant Professor at IST Austria, together with the teams of their colleagues Edo Kussell of New York University and Yuichi Wakamoto of Tokyo University, as well as IST Austria postdoc Tobias Bergmiller examine restriction-modification systems in their paper published on Jan.

Gut instinct
UCSB chemical engineer Michelle O'Malley receives a CAREER award from the National Science Foundation.

New gravity dataset will help unveil the Antarctic continent
A unique dataset of gravity anomalies has been released for Antarctica representing a significant step forward in the investigation of the largest ice-covered continent on Earth.

Neighborhood watch and more: How reed warblers watch out when there's a cuckoo about
A study of reed warbler behavior reveals for the first time that in assessing the risks posed by cuckoos the birds combine information from multiple sources.

National Marrow Donor Program/Be The Match forms new cellular therapies subsidiary
The National Marrow Donor Program®/Be The Match®, the national organization that connects patients with their donor match for a life-saving bone marrow or umbilical cord blood transplant, today announced the formation of Be The Match BioTherapiesSM, a subsidiary that will focus on partnering with organizations pursuing new life-saving treatments in cellular therapy.

Scientists overcome missing data to demonstrate ART effectiveness in HIV-infected infants
Scientists from The Wistar Institute have demonstrated that the issue of missing data can be successfully overcome using appropriate statistical methods, and as a result, they were able to show how early initiation of ART in infants preserves an expansion of naïve T-cells and allows the infant's immune system to be properly reconstructed.

Pursuing Alzheimer's dsease from the periphery
The University of Pittsburgh's Renã Robinson recently received a five-year, $1.7 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to explore novel ways of efficiently and powerfully measuring the effects of amyloid-beta protein production in organs outside the central nervous system, the focus of most Alzheimer's disease research.

GVSU study: Are football players too obese?
In the world of American football, there is a stigma that players need to increase their overall body size to make an impact on the field.

Tumor-suppressing gene restrains mobile elements that can lead to genomic instability
The most commonly mutated gene in cancer, p53, works to prevent tumor formation by keeping mobile elements in check that otherwise lead to genomic instability, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have found.

Breakthrough in continuous monitoring of CO2 leaks from storage sites could assist CCS
Kyushu University-led researchers have developed a novel method to identify leaks from CO2 storage sites; a breakthrough for monitoring applications.

Folic Acid, Vitamin B12, and One-Carbon Metabolism
One-carbon metabolism and related dietary factors (folic acid and vitamin B12, as well as vitamin B6, choline, riboflavin, methionine, serine, cysteine, and others) play important roles in a vast array of essential physiological functions.

Cell signaling in cancer: From mechanisms to therapy
This SRC focuses on understanding the molecular and cellular mechanisms of signaling in cancer in order to develop effective therapies.

SIR 2016: Improving patient care through innovation, research and technology
Registration is now open for the Society of Interventional Radiology's (SIR's) Annual Scientific Meeting (

Study: Paramedics' risk of being assaulted far exceeds firefighting colleagues
A study of ambulance personnel found that paramedics are 14 times more likely to be violently injured on the job than their firefighting colleagues.

FASEB 3rd International Conference on Retinoids
This SRC is the third international retinoid conference. With the discovery of the nuclear retinoid receptors, retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and retinoid X receptors (RXRs), the retinoid field has been implicated in new areas of scientific inquiry including metabolism, metabolic diseases, and neurobiology.

Societies release recommendations for diagnosing chest pain in the emergency department
New recommendations from the American College of Cardiology and American College of Radiology have established appropriate use of diagnostic imaging for patients with chest pain, one of the most common reasons for emergency department visits.

Microbial glycobiology
The field of Glycobiology itself and the subset of Microbial Glycobiology are rapidly expanding due to their growing importance for health & economy.

Zebra stripes not for camouflage, new study finds
Looking through the eyes of zebra predators, researchers found no evidence supporting the notion that zebras' black and white stripes are for protective camouflage or that they provide a social advantage.

American Cancer Society honors outstanding individuals with the Volunteer Leadership Award
The American Cancer Society recognized two outstanding individuals with the Volunteer Leadership Award, a prestigious national honor for volunteers with extraordinary contributions to the fight against cancer through humanitarian, distinguished service, and leadership.

Immunological Aspects of Obesity
This FASEB Conference focuses on the interactions between obesity and immune cells, focusing in particular on how inflammation in various organs influences obesity and obesity-related complications.

James Poulet receives second grant from the European Research Council
Group leader Dr. James Poulet of the Max-Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine and the NeuroCure Cluster of Excellence will receive a Consolidator Grant from the European Research Council.

Medical society details Syrian health crisis and efforts to help
Leaders of the Syrian-American Medical Society describe their efforts in bolstering what remains of the Syrian healthcare system and the health care context in which those efforts take place in their article, 'War is the Enemy of Health: Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine in War-torn Syria.' The article is published online ahead of print in the American Thoracic Society journal Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

This SRC is a long lasting series of meetings and have excellent reputations among immunologists.

A defense protein that causes cancer
Cancer is caused by the growth of an abnormal cell which harbours DNA mutations.

Liver Biology: Fundamental Mechanisms and Translational Applications
The conference will cover all aspects of hepatocyte, cholangiocyte, hepatic stellate cell, sinusoidal endothelial cell and immune cell function in the healthy and diseased liver, their crosstalk and role in maintaining liver function and metabolism in normal and disease states, as well as mechanisms that regulate the identity and fate during development and adulthood.

NASA eyes powerful winter storm spreading into mid-Atlantic
The winter storm that caused damage during the night along the Gulf Coast has deepened and has started to spread heavy rain, freezing rain, sleet and snow northward into the Mid-Atlantic region.

Lung disease: Higher mortality during heat waves
Heat waves are becoming more common in summer and have health-related consequences.

UAB researchers find protein that improves mobility after spinal cord injuries
An international team of scientists coordinated by UAB and CIBERNED researcher Rubén López Vales has established that interleukin-37 (IL-37), a cytokine belonging to the interleukin-1 family, promotes locomotor recovery in acute spinal cord injuries.

Beetle-inspired discovery could reduce frost's costly sting
Researchers made a beetle-inspired surface that uses chemical micropatterns to control the growth of condensation and frost.

Neural mechanisms in cardiovascular regulation
This FASEB Science Research Conference will be of great interest to researchers and clinicians seeking the most up-to-date information on neural regulation of the cardiovascular system in healthy and diseased states.

Functional disulfide bonds in health and disease
Most proteins are chemically modified after they are made to control how, when, and where they function.

The neurons in our gut help the immune system keep inflammation in check
The immune system must protect against potential infections, but over-vigilant reactions can cause problems.

Dynamic DNA Structures in Biology
For decades after its discovery, genomic DNA was believed to exist only as a right-handed, double helix known as B-DNA.

Two proteins control the growth of the heart and its adaptation to high blood pressure
A CNIC study opens the way to the design of new treatments for heart failure caused by excessive growth of the heart muscle.

Call of the wild: Male geladas captivate females with moans, yawns
For female gelada monkeys, a grunt from a male primate won't suffice to get her attention.

Patients who are not prescribed opioids find more improvements in physical function, study
Opioids may help some patients suffering neuropathic pain, but do not help with mobility and function, according to University of Alberta researchers.

The effects of the Trans-Pacific Partnership on pharmaceutical innovation
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is a multi-national trade agreement now being considered by 12 countries.

'My Cancer Days' helps children cope with emotional cancer experience
A cancer diagnosis can be an overwhelming experience for a child, with resulting emotions that are difficult to process.

The Consortium for Orthodontic Advances in Science & Technology (COAST) -- Workshop on 'Personalized & Precision Orthodontics'
The COAST 2016 SRC focuses on new knowledge relevant to the orthodontic field.

Molecular biophysics of membranes
This SRC will focus on biophysical and structural principles explaining molecular mechanisms in membranes and underlying membrane structure and function.

Biologists develop method for antibiotic susceptibility testing
A team of biologists and biomedical researchers at UC San Diego has developed a new method to determine if bacteria are susceptible to antibiotics within a few hours, an advance that could slow the appearance of drug resistance and allow doctors to more rapidly identify the appropriate treatment for patients with life threatening bacterial infections.

Conductive concrete could keep roads safer in winter weather
University of Nebraska-Lincoln civil engineering professor Chris Tuan is working with the Federal Aviation Administration and others to perfect the de-icing properties of concrete that can conduct electricity.

Intensive instrument playing can lead to movement disorders
In total, one in 6,600 persons will develop focal dystonia, whereas an estimated one in 100 musicians will succumb.

KLF and Sp Transcription Factors in Disease and Regenerative Medicine
This meeting will focus on the genetics, biochemistry, and biology of Krüppel-like factors (KLFs) as well as their structurally and functionally related, Specificity Proteins (Sps) along with their impact on human diseases.

The hideout of the Black Death
Historical pathogens survived for more than four centuries in Europe.

Environmental toxin may increase risk of Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative illnesses
In a new study, scientists from the Institute for EthnoMedicine, a non-profit medical research organization in Jackson Hole, and the University of Miami Brain Endowment Bank, have shown that BMAA, an environmental toxin found in some harmful algal blooms, causes an Alzheimer's-like neurodegenerative disease among Pacific islanders.

NASA sees gulf coast severe weather from developing winter storm
An intensifying winter storm that is forecast to cause an historic blizzard in the Washington, D.C. area has also spawned severe weather in states from Texas to Florida along the Gulf Coast.

Genome engineering: Cutting-edge research and applications
Genome engineering is a rapidly growing discipline that seeks to develop new technologies for the precise manipulation of genes and genomes in cellula and in vivo.

New sensors to combat the proliferation of bacteria in very high-humidity environments
The Telecommunications Engineer Aitor Urrutia-Azcona has designed some humidity sensors with anti-bacterial properties that combat the proliferation of micro-organisms in environments where the humidity level is very high, such as hospitals and industrial premises for foodstuffs or pharmaceutical products.

Will blocking IL-17A help treat kidney disease?
Animal studies of diseases damaging glomeruli suggest that IL-17A/F and Th17 cells are involved in the initial inflammatory response within the kidney.

Most cases of brain-damaged newborns not due to mismanaged deliveries
A Loyola University Medical Center study is providing new evidence that the vast majority of babies who are born with severe brain damage are not the result of mismanaged deliveries.

DMP chronic back pain: Guideline recommendations cover all important health-care aspects
IQWiG conducted a search for clinical practice guidelines and identified recommendations for a potential new disease management program.

IgE and Allergy, 50 Years and Onward
This SRC celebrates the 50th anniversary of the discovery of IgE, the last of the classes of human antibodies to be identified, by presenting the latest ideas in the field and looking forward to future advances in our understanding of this molecule.

New study identifies lead exposure risk of water pipe replacement
A new long-term simulation study confirms that partial replacement of lead pipes with copper, as could have caused serious problems in Flint, MI and Washington, D.C., more than doubles the lead released into the water supply.

Study shows inferior outcomes for African-American pediatric lymphoma patients
Researchers from Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine (Sylvester) today published a study showing that African-American pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma patients have inferior overall survival to their white and Hispanic peers.

First pilot production of genetic medications to open in Russia
This will become the first GMP-certified line of such type in the country.

American Cancer Society honors Marcia M. Grant with Quality of Life Award
The American Cancer Society recognized Marcia M. Grant, RN, Ph.D., FAAN, with the 2016 American Cancer Society Trish Greene Quality of Life Award, a prestigious national honor that recognizes an outstanding individual who dedicates a significant portion of their career to research that improves the quality of life for cancer patients and their families.

Lipid Droplets: Dynamic Organelles in Metabolism and Beyond
This FASEB SRC will bring together researchers in these lipid droplet-related fields and will capture the ongoing excitement and rapid expansion of lipid droplet research.

The 5 bird species that Darwin couldn't discover in Madeira and the Azores
When Charles Darwin visited the Azores islands in the 19th Century, the birds he observed were familiar to him.

Matricellular Proteins in Development, Health, and Disease
This conference is focused on bringing together researchers from diverse fields of study with a central theme: Matricellular proteins.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Victor weakening under wind shear
After days at hurricane-force, NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite showed that Tropical Cyclone Victor in the South Pacific Ocean was falling apart as a result of wind shear.

NASA sees Corentin reach hurricane strength
The Southern Indian Ocean's Tropical Cyclone Corentin achieved hurricane strength on Jan.

From frontier research to innovation ERC funds 135 Proof of Concept grants
Harnessing bionic silkworms for super-hard fibers, new treatment for chronic wounds based on medical inhalants, reverse-engineering of medieval building processes for restoration of Europe's architectural heritage.

American Cancer Society honors cancer caregivers with Lane W. Adams Quality of Life Award
The American Cancer Society recognized 10 outstanding individuals with the American Cancer Society Lane W. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to