Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 25, 2016
Funding received to develop device to help save the lives of new mothers worldwide
Professor of International Maternal Health Andrew Weeks from the Institute of Translational medicine has been awarded £850,000 to further develop an award-winning device that could save the lives of women all over the world.

In galaxy clustering, mass may not be the only thing that matters
An international team of researchers has shown that the relationship between galaxy clusters and their surrounding dark matter halo is more complex than previously thought.

A new emerging hallmark of cancer
The pH gradient reversal can possibly be considered as the most distinct cancer specific event, occurring quite early.

Where is the oil in the gulf? FSU researcher takes a look
A Florida State University researcher and his team have developed a comprehensive analysis of oil in the Gulf of Mexico and determined how much of it occurs naturally and how much came from the 2010 Deepwater Horizon spill.

Helmet-wearing increases risk-taking and sensation-seeking
A new study suggests helmet-wearing could increase risk-taking.

Billing code invalid measure to identify nurse anesthetist stand-alone practice
Nurse anesthetists often receive guidance from physician anesthesiologists, yet bill their time as if they are making decisions alone, according to a recent study of more than 9,000 cases published online in Anesthesia & Analgesia.

Gene often lost in childhood cancer crucial in cells' life or death decision
A gene that is often lost in childhood cancer plays an important role in the decision between life and death of certain cells, according to a new study published in the journal Developmental Cell.

In Gulf of Mexico, microbes thrive above natural oil seeps
In the water above natural oil seeps in the Gulf of Mexico, where oil and gas bubbles rise almost a mile to break at the surface, scientists have discovered something unusual: phytoplankton, tiny microbes at the base of the marine food chain, are thriving.

Playground paints should be monitored to reduce potential danger to public health
Playground equipment should be monitored more regularly to ensure toxic metals contained within paints do not present a danger to public and child health, a study recommends

Many colorectal cancer patients are younger than the recommended screening age
In a recent analysis of US data, one in seven colorectal patients was younger than 50 years old, the recommended age to begin screening.

ACP advice for evaluating blood in the urine as a sign of cancer
In a paper published in Annals of Internal Medicine, the American College of Physicians issued advice for the evaluation of blood in the urine, or hematuria, as a sign of urinary tract cancer and to help physicians make decisions about referral of patients for urological assessment.

Childhood cancer survivors face increased risk of metabolic syndrome
A new study of metabolic health risk factors in childhood cancer survivors showed increased risk for modifiable factors such as hypertension and overweight/obesity.

Pressure building on global water supply
A new study projects that global demand for water could more than double by 2050, increasing pressure on already scarce water resources.

Link between food advertising and child food consumption
New research by University of Liverpool health expert Dr. Emma Boyland has confirmed that unhealthy food advertising does increase food intake in children.

AU Professor James Thurber's new book addresses American gridlock and democracy
Academics have attempted to ascertain just how Americans became so divided.

Vanderbilt study shows brain function differs in obese children
In a paper published in the journal Heliyon, the researchers suggest that mindfulness, a practice used as a therapeutic technique to focus awareness, should be studied as a way to encourage healthy eating and weight loss in children.

University of Louisville awarded $2.55 million to create program for rural and underserved seniors
The Institute for Sustainable Health & Optimal Aging at the University of Louisville, now in just its 15th month of operation, has garnered a major grant to further efforts to bring health care to rural and medically underserved Kentuckians through the Kentucky Rural & Underserved Geriatric Interprofessional Education Program.

GSA honors Bill Wood with 2016 Elizabeth W. Jones Award for Excellence in Education
The Genetics Society of America (GSA) is pleased to announce that William 'Bill' Wood (University of Colorado Boulder) has been awarded the Society's Elizabeth W.

Tel Aviv University discovers genetic trigger for asexual plant reproduction
A new joint Tel Aviv University-Freiburg University study has revealed the genetic trigger for the development of offspring without cross-fertilization in moss.

No more insulin injections?
Researchers from MIT, Boston Children's Hospital, and several other institutions, have designed a material that can be used to encapsulate human islet cells before transplanting them, which could cure diabetes for up to six months without provoking an immune response.

Highly organized structures discovered in microbial communities with MBL imaging approach
For the first time, scientists describe distinct bacterial assemblages living in a mixed microbial community (dental plaque), which they discovered using a novel imaging approach developed at the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) in Woods Hole, Mass.

Optogenetic technology developed at UMMS uses light to trigger immunotherapy
A new optogenetic technology developed by scientists at the University of Massachusetts Medical School and Texas A&M Health Science Center Institute of Biosciences & Technology, called optogenetic immunomodulation, is capable of turning on immune cells to attack melanoma tumors in mice.

New theory aids search for universe's origin
In a new study, scientists from The University of Texas at Dallas and their colleagues suggest a novel way for probing the beginning of space and time, potentially revealing secrets about the conditions that gave rise to the universe.

Discovery reveals how protective immune cells protect themselves
The finding of how immune-system regulatory T cells maintain their integrity during their critical role in modulating the immune system could lead to new immune therapies for cancer.

Rotman professor receives award for the study of employee ownership
An accounting professor at the University of Toronto's Rotman School of Management has received a major award which encourages the study of broad-based employee ownership in the corporation and society of the United States.

Acoustic tweezers moves cells in three dimensions, builds structures
Acoustic tweezers that can move single cells in three dimensions using surface acoustic waves without touching, deforming or labeling the cells are possible, according to a team of engineers.

New policies, educational programs help -- but don't solve -- problems with opioid abuse
Medical provider training, new clinic policies and efforts to 'taper' opioid use for pain treatment could significantly reduce the level of opioid medication that patients used -- a limited but positive step for a nation enmeshed in opioid use, abuse and overdose deaths.

Nuclear medicine tools could be beneficial in the fight against several human cancers
Silvia Jurisson, a researcher at the University of Missouri, continues to develop breakthrough nuclear materials and methods used in the detection and treatment of cancer.

Diverse migration helps birds cope with environmental change
Migratory birds that are 'set in their ways' could be more vulnerable to environmental impacts -- according to new research from the University of East Anglia.

Mosquitoes capable of carrying Zika virus found in Washington, D.C.
Researchers from the University of Notre Dame have reported the discovery of a major population of Aedes aegypti, the mosquito species capable of carrying diseases such as Zika virus, dengue fever and chikungunya, in a Capitol Hill neighborhood of Washington, D.C.

Acoustic tweezers provide much needed pluck for 3-D bioprinting
Researchers, including Carnegie Mellon University President Subra Suresh and collaborators Tony Jun Huang from the Pennsylvania State University and Ming Dao from MIT, have demonstrated that acoustic tweezers can be used to non-invasively move and manipulate single cells along three dimensions, providing a promising new method for 3-D bioprinting.

ACP issues advice for evaluating blood in the urine as a sign of cancer
In a paper published today in Annals of Internal Medicine, the American College of Physicians issued High Value Care advice for the evaluation of blood in the urine, or hematuria, as a sign of urinary tract cancer and to help physicians make decisions about referral of patients for urological assessment.

Climate change: Ocean warming underestimated
To date, research on the effects of climate change has underestimated the contribution of seawater expansion to sea level rise due to warming of the oceans.

What factors influence timing of start of dialysis?
A new study used electronic medical records from the Department of Veterans Affairs to examine factors that influence the timing of the initiation of dialysis, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Flexible and transparent pressure sensor
Healthcare practitioners may one day be able to physically screen for breast cancer using pressure-sensitive rubber gloves to detect tumors, owing to a transparent, bendable and sensitive pressure sensor newly developed by Japanese and American teams.

New pen-sized microscope could ID cancer cells in doctor's offices and operating rooms
University of Washington mechanical engineers have developed a handheld microscope to help doctors and dentists distinguish between healthy and cancerous cells in an office setting or operating room.

Scientists shed new light on workings of genetic regulation
A team of scientists has uncovered greater intricacy in protein signaling than was previously understood, shedding new light on the nature of genetic production.

Global, national burden of diseases, injuries among children and adolescents
A new report examines global and national trends in the fatal and nonfatal burden of diseases and injuries among children and adolescents in 188 countries based on results from the Global Burden of Disease 2013 study, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Should childcare staff 'love' the youngsters in their care?
Anonymous survey explored how early years workers felt about 'loving' the children in their care.

A new quantum approach to big data
MIT research has found that systems for handling massive digital datasets could make impossibly complex problems solvable.

Novel 4-D printing method blossoms from botanical inspiration
A team of scientists at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University and the Harvard John A.

Crouching protein, hidden enzyme
A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) and the University of California (UC), Berkeley shows how a crucial molecular enzyme starts in a tucked-in somersault position and flips out when it encounters the right target.

Group therapy helps autistic children to cope better with everyday life
In the framework of group therapy developed at Goethe University Frankfurt, children and adolescents with high functioning ASD can learn how to cope better in the social world and also achieve a lasting effect.

Potential therapeutic targets identified for multiple sclerosis
Treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) and other inflammatory diseases may benefit by new findings from a study that identified potential therapeutic targets for a devastating disease striking some 2.3 million people worldwide.

Encapsulated human islet cells can normalize blood sugar levels in mice
For the first time ever, scientists studying a mouse model of diabetes have implanted encapsulated insulin-producing cells derived from human stem cells and maintained long-term control of blood sugar -- without administering immunosuppressant drugs.

Galaxy cluster environment not dictated by its mass alone
For the first time, an international team of researchers has found that the connection between a galaxy cluster and surrounding dark matter is not characterized solely by the mass of clusters, but also by their formation history.

Living in the '90s? So are underwater wireless networks
University at Buffalo engineers are developing hardware and software tools to help underwater telecommunication catch up to its over-the-air counterpart.

Acid-sensitive molecular changes contribute to the emergence of pandemic influenza
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have linked increased resistance of hemagglutinin protein to acidic pH with emergence of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic flu virus; the finding may help spot future pandemic viruses.

Chapman University publishes work on Asian American and white women's views on face image
Researchers at Chapman University have published work on how Asian American women and white women feel about their faces, their weights, and their overall appearances.

New mechanism of antitumor action identified
In an article published in Clinical Cancer Research, a team of researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and Ability Pharmaceuticals describes a new mechanism of anti-tumor action, discovered during the development of the drug ABTL0812.

Researchers may hold key to developing a single treatment against several types of Ebola
A collaborative team from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Vanderbilt University, The Scripps Research Institute and Integral Molecular Inc. have learned that antibodies in the blood of people who have survived a strain of the Ebola virus can kill various types of Ebola.

A behemoth in Leviathan's crypt: Second Cryptomaster daddy longlegs species
Suggestively called Cryptomaster, the herein studied daddy longlegs genus is not only difficult to find, but had also stayed understudied for several decades since its establishment.

New research uncovers hidden bias in college admissions tests
A little over two years after the College Board released research rebutting findings by an Indiana University Kelley School of Business professor concerning the board's testing methods, the professor and his colleagues have raised new questions in a paper about test bias, based on the testing service's own data.

1 in 7 colorectal cancer patients diagnosed before recommended screening age
Nearly 15 percent of patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer were younger than 50, the age at which screening recommendations begin.

Microscopic drug 'depots' boost efficacy against tumors in animal model
Biomedical engineering researchers have developed a technique for creating microscopic 'depots' for trapping drugs inside cancer tumors.

The aftermath of 1492
A team of researchers has shown that among the Pueblo Indians of northern New Mexico, disease didn't break out until nearly a century after their first contact with Europeans, following the establishment of mission churches in the seventeenth century, and that the depopulation was so extreme it led to changes in forest fires in the region.

Carnegie Mellon team develops targeted photosensitizer for cell manipulation
Researchers led by Carnegie Mellon University's Molecular and Biosensor Imaging Center (MBIC) Director Marcel Bruchez have re-engineered a fluorescent probe into a powerful optogenetic photosensitizer that can be used to manipulate cells.

Theorists propose a new method to probe the beginning of the universe
How did the universe begin? And what came before the Big Bang?

Yale team deciphers sugar's siren song
Sugar's sweetness and calorie content combine to give it lethal power to destroy diets, many scientists have assumed.

Fishing for answers on bone loss in space
A paper based on the Medaka results was recently published in Nature Scientific Reports.

Hacking the programs of cancer stem cells
Liang Fang and colleagues from Walter Birchmeier's group at the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine in Berlin, Germany, together with colleagues, have discovered a molecule that interrupts biochemical signals essential for the survival of a certain type of cancer stem cell.

2016 Environmental Performance Index rates world's top and worst performers
According to the 2016 Environmental Performance Index, which provides a diagnostic tool for policymakers to evaluate and improve environmental performance, the world's nations have expanded access to water and sanitation while creating more protected areas than ever before.

The best way to help homeless youth is hardly ever used
Teens without homes, many of whom have suffered at the hands of those entrusted with providing them care and kindness, often refuse to seek warmth and nourishment at shelters.

NYU research: Secondhand smoke hazardous to hookah bar workers
Workers at New York City hookah bars are inhaling hazardous levels of carbon monoxide and nicotine while at work, signaling yet another breach by their employers of New York City's anti-smoking bylaws.

Most commonly used TB test fails to accurately diagnose pregnant HIV positive women
New research finds that the most commonly used test for tuberculosis fails to accurately diagnose TB in up to 50 percent of pregnant women who are HIV positive.

Odds are overwhelming that record heat due to climate change
Record-setting temperatures over the past century and a half are extremely unlikely to have occurred without human-caused climate change, but the odds of that happening are not quite as low as previously reported, according to an international team of meteorologists.

Study finds shark hotspots overlap with commercial fishing locations
A new study from an international team of scientists found commercial fishing vessels target shark hotspots, areas where sharks tend to congregate, in the North Atlantic.

A woman's heart attack causes, symptoms may differ from a man's
Women frequently have different underlying causes of heart attacks than men, such as the types of plaque buildup.

TU Dresden occupies top ranking among the 'World's Most Influential Scientific Minds'
In September 2015, the US media company Thomson Reuters published a list of over 3000 of the 'World's Most Influential Scientific Minds'.

New study creates first 3-D vision of cancer target
'This basic research set the grounds for structure-based drug design approaches that could be beneficial for cancer treatments,' says Dr.

Study finds smartphones may decrease sedentary time, increase activity
A pilot study finds that using smartphone reminders to prompt people to get moving may help reduce sedentary behavior.

Study shows animals with larger brains are best problem solvers
Despite decades of research, the idea that relative brain size predicts cognitive abilities remains highly controversial, because there is still little experimental evidence to support it.

Researchers discover 10 new lupus genes in Asian population study
An international coalition of researchers led by Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation scientist Swapan Nath, Ph.D., has identified 10 new genes associated with the autoimmune disease lupus.

UTSA neuroscientist receives $1.8 million grant to support dopamine research
Carlos Paladini, UTSA associate professor of neuroscience, has received a $1.8 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to take a closer look at dopamine bursts in the brain.

Archaeologists in the Rhine-Main area form a regional network
The Rhine-Main Archaeology Association (VARM; Verbund Archäologie Rhein-Main) represents an important focus of archaeological work in the Rhine-Main region.

New patent on fast measurements in liquids
A new invention will open the doors for an entirely new way of measuring properties within liquids.

Bullying hinders positive youth development for sexual-minority youth
When compared with their heterosexual peers, sexual-minority youth score lower on key indicators of positive youth development -- and those disparities may be due in part to more bullying of these adolescents, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health researchers have found.

Teens who use e-cigarettes more likely to try the real thing a year later
Teens who use e-cigarettes are more likely to try the real thing a year later than those who don't vape, indicates research published online in the journal Tobacco Control.

Over-hunting threatens Amazonian forest carbon stocks
Over-hunting large mammals in tropical forests could make climate change worse.

NSF CAREER award supports researcher's cyber-physical systems work
Pavithra Prabhakar, Kansas State University assistant professor of computing and information sciences, has received a five-year $446,000 CAREER award for her research on cyber-physical systems.

Scientists synthesize nanoparticles that can deliver tumor suppressors to damaged livers
UT Southwestern Medical Center chemists have successfully used synthetic nanoparticles to deliver tumor-suppressing therapies to diseased livers with cancer, an important hurdle scientists have been struggling to conquer.

Afatinib shows clinical benefit for lung cancer patients with brain metastases
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with common epidermal growth factor (EGFR) mutations and brain metastases showed improved progression-free survival (PFS) and response from the EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) afatinib compared to standard platinum doublet chemotherapy.

1 in 50 16-year-olds affected by chronic fatigue syndrome
In what is believed to be the biggest study of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) -- also known as myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) -- in children to date, researchers at the University of Bristol, have found that almost 2 per cent of 16-year-olds participating in Children of the 90s have CFS lasting more than six months and nearly 3 per cent have CFS lasting more than three months (the UK definition).

New tiny arboreal toad species from India is just small enough for its own genus
Found on a herb bush, a toad of only 24 mm average length, was quick to make its discoverers consider its status as a new species.

Penn study solves mystery of cell powerhouse's balance of calcium
A decades-long mystery of how the cell's powerhouse, and its energy currency of calcium ion flow, is maintained under different physiological conditions has been solved.

Lizards camouflage themselves by choosing rocks that best match the color of their backs
New research shows wild Aegean wall lizards found on Greek islands choose to sit on rocks that better match their individual colouring.

UMass Amherst receives $4.2 million to train next national cybersecurity workforce
A team of cybersecurity researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst led by computer scientist Brian Levine has a received a $4.2 million grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to bring a CyberCorps Scholarship for Service (SFS) program to the campus, the first public university in New England to receive such an award.

Increasing oil's performance with crumpled graphene balls
Crumpled graphene balls self-disperse in oil to reduce friction and protect engines better than commercial lubricants.

Breast cancer survivors could be vulnerable to common viral and bacterial infections
Breast cancer survivors treated with chemotherapy could be lacking sufficient antibodies to protect against common illnesses, as chemotherapy reduces the body's immune response, according to research published in the open access journal Breast Cancer Research.

A new model emerges for monsoons in a changing global climate
A Yale University study suggests that continent-scale monsoons will adapt to climate change gradually, without suddenly losing their watery oomph.

New study compares shallow earthquakes and deeper tremors along southern San Andreas fault
Seismologists working along California's San Andreas Fault near Cholame and Parkfield now have a better idea of how and where friction changes along the fault to produce both shallow earthquakes and the deeper earth tremors called low-frequency earthquakes.

HKUST scientists reveal similarities between gut microvilli and inner ear hair cell
This paper presents a systematic biochemical and structural characterization of the brush border inter-microvillar tip-link complex assembly, revealing its striking similarity with the inner ear hair cell inter-stereocilia complex organizations, despite their minimal overlap in proteins.

New mouse-human modeling system enables study of disease development in vivo
Whitehead Institute researchers have created a new mouse-human modeling system that could be used to study neural crest development as well as the modeling of a variety of neural crest related diseases, including such cancers as melanoma and neurofibromatosis.

Graphene composite may keep wings ice-free
A composite of graphene nanoribbons and epoxy proves effective at de-icing a helicopter blade in an experiment at Rice University.

Researchers uncover how dopamine transports within the brain
Researchers at University of Florida Health have discovered the mechanics of how dopamine transports into and out of brain cells, a finding that could someday lead to more effective treatment of drug addictions and neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease.

Global nitrogen footprint mapped for first time
The first-ever global nitrogen footprint, encompassing 188 countries, has found the United States, China, India and Brazil are responsible for 46 percent of the world's nitrogen emissions.

Transparency key in decision to label modified ingredients
A Cornell University study found consumers are more supportive of labeling decisions when they believe the company considered the public's input in the process.

Leadership: Key to quality care and retention among nurses
Nurses faced with abusive managers are more likely to quit.

Highly efficient heavy metal ions filter
ETH researchers have developed a new water filtration system that is superior to existing systems in many respects: it is extremely efficient at removing various toxic heavy metal ions and radioactive substances from water and can even be used in gold recovery.

The way to learn
A well-known songbird, the great tit, has revealed its genetic code, offering researchers new insight into how species adapt to a changing planet.

Did ear sensory cell stereocilia evolve from gut microvilli?
Evolution likes to borrow. It can take an already-successful biological structure and alter it until it serves a new function.

NASA provides a look at post-blizzard snowfall and winds
NASA satellites obtained a number of different views of the great winter storm that left many snowfall records from Virginia to New York City from Jan.

Study shows large variability in abundance of viruses that infect ocean microorganisms
Marine microorganisms play a critical role in capturing atmospheric carbon, but a new study finds much less certainty than previously believed about the populations of the viruses that infect these important organisms.

Research team identifies rare dinosaur from Appalachia
An international team of researchers has identified and named a new species of dinosaur that is the most complete, primitive duck-billed dinosaur to ever be discovered in the eastern United States.

Mailed nicotine patches, with no behavioral support, is associated with smoking cessation
Mailing free nicotine patches to smokers, without any behavioral support, does help some of them quit, according to a study by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH).

Epilepsy drug could protect nerves from damage in MS
An epilepsy drug could lead to a new treatment that protects nerve damage in MS patients, according to research published in the Lancet Neurology.

Informal financial institutions important contributors to trust and economic capability
Informal financial institutions in Rwanda help to build trust among people and strengthen economic capabilities.

Extra sperm analysis could help involuntarily childless couples
New research findings from Lund University in Sweden show that a simple analysis of chromosomal breaks in sperms can help guide choice of fertility treatment and, thereby, increase chances of successful assisted reproduction for involuntary childless couples.

Record warm years almost certainly due to human-made climate change
Recent record warm years are with extremely high likelihood caused by human-made climate change.

Rapid, affordable energy transformation possible
The United States could slash greenhouse gas emissions from power production by up to 78 percent below 1990 levels within 15 years while meeting increased demand, according to a new study by NOAA and University of Colorado Boulder researchers.

Mom's in control -- even before you're born
Researchers have uncovered previously unappreciated means by which epigenetic information contained in the egg influences the development of the placenta during pregnancy.

Descendants of Black Death confirmed as source of repeated European plague outbreaks
An international team of researchers has uncovered new information about the Black Death in Europe and its descendants, suggesting it persisted on the continent over four centuries, re-emerging to kill hundreds of thousands in Europe in separate, devastating waves.

Experts debate benefits and challenges of new ATA guidelines & differentiated thyroid cancer
In a stimulating new Roundtable Discussion, a distinguished panel of leading physicians and clinical researchers highlight the key changes, new topics, and areas of ongoing controversy in the

Health goes downhill when older adults stop driving
While 81 percent of the 29.5 million older U.S. adults continue to hold a license and get behind the wheel, age-related declines in cognition and physical function make driving more difficult, and many seniors eventually stop driving altogether.

Newfound strength in regenerative medicine
A new study suggests mechanically-driven therapies that promote skeletal muscle regeneration through direct physical stimulation could one day replace or enhance drug and cell-based regenerative treatments.

Therapy that uses storytelling may be key to fighting trauma from bullying, violence among youth
In search of a less expensive, yet effective, form of therapy, a new study led by UB behavioral health researcher Ellen Volpe will investigate the effectiveness of narrative exposure therapy (NET) at treating PTSD and substance abuse among adolescents who have experienced multiple traumas.

NIH-funded study suggests potential to predict peanut allergy immunotherapy outcomes
Oral immunotherapy for peanut allergy induces early, distinct changes in immune T-cell populations that potentially may help researchers determine which people will respond well to the therapy and which immune mechanisms are involved in the response, a new study suggests.

Clarifying the role of magnetism in high-temperature superconductors
A collaboration of scientists from the RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Osaka University, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency, and the Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute have published research clarifying the role of magnetism in a new type of high-temperature superconductor.

American Heart Association makes first ever statement on female heart attacks
The American Heart Association has published an 87-page scientific statement, outlining the unique risks, symptoms and types of heart attacks women can experience.

Recovery position may curb hospital admission rate of unconscious kids
Putting a young child in the recovery position after s/he has lost consciousness may help curb the hospital admission rate for this indication, but this maneuver is rarely carried out, indicates research published in Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Targeted axillary dissection of lymph nodes after chemotherapy improves staging accuracy of node-positive breast cancer
A new procedure developed by surgeons at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center improves the accuracy of axillary staging and pathologic evaluation in clinically node-positive breast cancer, and reduces the need for a more invasive procedure with debilitating complications.

Realistic data needed to evolve the 21st century power grid
PNNL is helping to create open-access power grid datasets for use in testing new grid technologies.

Moore Foundation funds Berkeley Lab for next-generation accelerators
Berkeley Lab researchers will receive $2.4 million from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation to develop compact free electron lasers that will serve as powerful, affordable x-ray sources for scientific discovery.

TTUHSC El Paso Receives Grant to Establish New Gastroparesis Treatments
EL PASO, Texas - Gastroenterologists at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso (TTUHSC El Paso) have received a grant of nearly $470,000 to continue their research on gastroparesis, a condition that prevents the stomach from emptying properly.

Rana A. Fine selected as Fellow of the Oceanography Society
The Oceanography Society congratulates Rana A. Fine, professor in the department of ocean sciences at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, for being selected as a Fellow of the Oceanography Society.

Mailed nicotine patches with no behavioral support associated with cessation
Mailing free nicotine patches to smokers without providing behavioral support was associated with higher rates of tobacco cessation than not offering the patches, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to