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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | January 27, 2016


RAND survey shows that voters see little difference between candidates on ideology
Although much has been written about the differences between 'establishment' and 'outsider' candidates in the US presidential election, voters don't see each party's candidates as very ideologically different, according to the new RAND Presidential Election Panel Survey.
Genetic study provides first-ever insight into biological origin of schizophrenia
A landmark study, based on genetic analysis of nearly 65,000 people, has revealed that a person's risk of schizophrenia is increased if they inherit specific variants in a gene related to
Long-term study shows impact of humans on land
Humans have been working the land to sustain our lives for millennia.
Good boss? Bad boss? Study says workers leave both
Workers leave good bosses and bad bosses in equal measure, a finding that companies can use to their strategic advantage, says new research from Ravi S.
Oxford University Press to publish Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology
Beginning January 2016, Oxford University Press (OUP) is the proud publisher of the prestigious Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology (JNEN).
Honorary doctorate for Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna
On Feb. 10, 2016, the University of Leuven (KU Leuven) will confer a joint honorary doctorate on Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A.
Flavonoids from fruits and vegetables may help with weight maintenance
Eating fruit and vegetables that contain high levels of flavonoids, such as apples, pears, and berries, may be associated with less weight gain, suggests findings from a study published in The BMJ today.
Prenatal exposure to flame retardants linked to poorer behavioral function in children
New research from the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine suggests that prenatal exposure to flame retardants and perfluoroalkyl substances commonly found in the environment may have a lasting effect on a child's cognitive and behavioral development, known as executive function.
Research grant for Marti G. Subrahmanyam and SAFE
The Alexander von Humboldt Foundation has granted an Anneliese Maier Research Award 2016 to Marti G.
Four factors predict neurodevelopmental outcomes for children with low birth weight
Four factors -- medical complications at birth, maternal education, early motor assessments, and early cognitive assessments -- help predict later cognitive function and motor performance for children born early and at a very low birth weight, finds a new study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.
A better way to image metastatic prostate cancer
A recent study, reported in the January issue of
What a moth's nose knows
A transplantation experiment in moths shows how the brain experiences reality through the senses.
Schizophrenia's strongest known genetic risk deconstructed
Versions of a gene linked to schizophrenia may trigger runaway pruning of the teenage brain.
Diabetes, heart disease, smoking increase risk of death for older adults with dementia
In new research published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, researchers learned that older adults with dementia and diabetes have a significantly higher risk for death than do people with just dementia.
Drugs and other contaminants found in private drinking wells on Cape Cod
In a new study, researchers found more than a dozen household chemicals in drinking water from private wells on Cape Cod.
New material with built-in vitamin A may reduce scarring
Material can be used to treat damaged blood vessels or to make medical devices with intrinsic healing properties, which could reduce tissue scarring.
Philanthropist Samuel Yin provides $12.8 million gift for labs at the Scripps Research Institute
Philanthropist and businessman Samuel Yin of Taiwan has given $12.8 million to the Scripps Research Institute to help fund construction of a new building complex on the La Jolla campus.
UTA, UT Austin researchers designing safer cryotherapy devices to minimize tissue damage
Researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington and The University of Texas at Austin are developing a solution in the form of what are believed to be the first formal protocols for effective and safe use of cold therapy, and a state-of-the-art cryotherapy device that can stimulate blood flow to keep tissue healthy and minimize potential side effects.
UPMC-developed test rapidly, accurately profiles genetics and treatment of brain tumors
Brain tumors can be rapidly and accurately profiled with a next-generation, gene-sequencing test developed at UPMC and the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.
£1.7 million project will pave the way for smarter cities and driverless cars
i-Motors -- a new Innovate UK-funded project -- intends to provide the infrastructure to standardize the way in which connected and driverless cars talk to one another and to other machines, and how data is stored and processed.
Introducing Gen Z: Research indicates arrival of a new class of students
In a newly published co-authored book, University of Arizona alumni Corey Seemiller and Meghan Grace attempt to bring clarity to the similarities and differences among Generation Z and the Millennials -- two of the most influential generations at present.
High corporate taxes incentivize corporate debt
Multinational American companies with significant operations in countries with low corporate taxes take on less debt than companies that face higher taxes, according to a new study from the University of Maryland's Robert H.
Gene study points towards therapies for common brain disorders
University of Edinburgh scientists have pinpointed the cells that are likely to trigger common brain disorders, including Alzheimer's disease, Multiple Sclerosis and intellectual disabilities.
A rock star
UCSB geologist John Cottle is awarded the Geological Society of America's MGPV Early Career award.
IBS report electric transport across molybdenum disulfide grain boundaries
A scientific team from CINAP/IBS identifies previously undiscovered differences in grain boundaries.
'Lifespan machine' probes cause of aging
Researchers at Harvard Medical School have found a surprising statistical regularity in how a variety of genetic and environmental factors affect the life span of the C. elegans worm.
Reconfigurable origami tubes could find antenna, microfluidic uses
Origami, the ancient art of paper folding, may soon provide a foundation for antennas that can reconfigure themselves to operate at different frequencies, microfluidic devices whose properties can change in operation -- and even heating and air-conditioning ductwork that adjusts to demand.
New finding shows that males can drive creation of new species
Evolutionary biologists often debate on whether sexual selection can lead to new species.
RIT faculty studies productivity and international computer tech transfer
It's hard to imagine life today without computers, but computer technology was not warmly welcomed in Germany following World War II.
An alternative to platinum: Iron-nitrogen compounds as catalysts in graphene
Teams at HZB and TU Darmstadt have produced a cost-effective catalyst material for fuel cells using a new preparation process which they analysed in detail.
Capitalize on 'life transitions' to instill better environmental behaviors
House moves or a change of job provide an idea 'window of opportunity' to promote more sustainable behaviors, according to a new psychology study.
Scientists provide new guideline for synthesis of fullerene electron acceptors
Fullerene derivatives are most widely used as irreplaceable electron acceptors in organic/polymer solar cells so far.
Study: Head shape and genetics augment understanding of rattlesnake species
Using head shape and genetic analyses, new research challenges the formerly designated subspecies within the western rattlesnake species.
Losing fat while gaining muscle: Scientists close in on 'holy grail' of diet and exercise
Researchers at McMaster University have uncovered significant new evidence in the quest for the elusive goal of gaining muscle and losing fat, an oft-debated problem for those trying to manage their weight, control their calories and balance their protein consumption.
Sedentary lifestyle spells more menopause misery
Sedentary middle-aged Hispanic women in Latin America have significantly worse menopause symptoms than their active counterparts, shows a study of more than 6,000 women across Latin America, which was published online today in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS).
Palmer amaranth could affect Illinois soybean yield
Although agricultural weed Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) primarily impacts southern US states, new research shows it could soon spread further north and damage soybean yields in Illinois.
How can peers, parents, schools and new media stop bullying?
A new review of research out today outlines roles and recommendations for peers, parents, schools and new media platforms to stop bullying.
This week from AGU: Indian Ocean warming, 2 data blogs, debris flow video, & 2 new papers
This week from AGU: Indian Ocean warming, 2 data blogs, best ever debris flow video, & 2 new papers.
New strategy for reducing readmissions: Get the family involved
A new study finds that educating and involving family members in the care of a loved one who has memory loss may significantly reduce hospital readmissions.
Scientists build a neural network using plastic memristors
A group of Russian and Italian scientists have created a neural network based on polymeric memristors -- devices that can potentially be used to build fundamentally new computers.
Basic research led to first FDA-approved immunotherapy for pediatric cancer
Researchers at Children's Hospital Los Angeles have shown that an immunotherapy that until now has only been available to patients enrolled in research studies, is equivalent to the product that has been manufactured for commercial use and can be made available to all patients.
Opioid prescribing for chronic pain -- achieving the right balance through education
In recent decades, the United States has seen a dramatic increase in opioid prescribing for chronic pain.
CRISPR used to repair blindness-causing genetic defect in patient-derived stem cells
Scientists have used a new gene-editing technology called CRISPR, to repair a genetic mutation responsible for retinitis pigmentosa (RP), an inherited condition that causes the retina to degrade and leads to blindness in at least 1.5 million cases worldwide.
Ongoing HIV replication replenishes viral reservoirs during therapy
In HIV-infected patients undergoing antiretroviral therapy (ART), ongoing HIV replication in lymphoid tissues such as the lymph nodes helps maintain stores, or reservoirs, of the virus, a new study funded by the National Institutes of Health suggests.
Penn medicine: Transplant centers often reject potential donor livers for sickest patients in need
As patients in desperate need of a liver transplant lay waiting, many livers that might give them a new life go unused by centers across the nation, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.
Genome of the flowering plant that returned to the sea
An international consortium led by University of Groningen Professor of Marine Biology Jeanine Olsen published the genome of the seagrass Zostera marina in the scientific journal Nature on Jan.
Eating soy may protect women from health risks of BPA
Consuming soy regularly may protect women who are undergoing infertility treatments from poor success rates linked to bisphenol A exposure, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
Researchers mine the epigenome to identify likely origins of childhood brain tumor subtype
An international research team led by a St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientist mined the epigenome to discover the likely cell of origin for Group 4 medulloblastoma, a key step in developing targeted therapies
KU to train next-generation cybersecurity experts for government service
A new initiative, called CyberCorps: New Scholarship for Service Program at the University of Kansas -- Jayhawk SFS, will support dozens of undergraduate, master's and doctoral students, who following graduation from the University of Kansas commit in turn to work at government cybersecurity jobs safeguarding critical infrastructure.
Can prison visitation reduce recidivism?
A study funded by the National Science Foundation will explore if prison visitation can help reduce recidivism rates and whether there are gender, racial, and ethnic differences in these patterns.
Child abuse exposure, suicidal ideation in Canadian military, general population
Military personnel in Canada were more likely to have had exposure to child abuse than individuals in the general population and that exposure was associated with an increased risk of suicidal behavior that had a stronger effect on the general population than military personnel, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.
Q: How many ways can you arrange 128 tennis balls? A: 10^250
Researchers have solved an apparently overwhelming physics problem involving some truly huge numbers.
Human impact has created a 'plastic planet,' research shows
University of Leicester researchers lead an Anthropocene study into lasting effects of plastic on land and oceans.
Small number of physicians linked to many malpractice claims, Stanford researchers say
A substantial share of all malpractice claims in the United States is attributable to a small number of physicians, according to a study led by researchers at Stanford University and the University of Melbourne.
Treating major depression in older adults with diabetes may lower risk of death
According to a new study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, effective treatment for depression could go a long way toward improving health status and even preventing death among older adults who also have diabetes.
Six mental health care projects in developing countries demonstrate effective, affordable options
Six innovative projects in Africa, Asia and Haiti, funded by the Canadian Government through Grand Challenges Canada, have pioneered ways of providing effective, affordable mental health care rarely available in low-resource developing countries.
Kasting receives NAS Early Earth & Life Sciences Award
James F. Kasting, Evan Pugh University Professor of Geosciences, will receive the 2015 National Academy of Sciences Award in Early Earth and Life Sciences.
Creating 'greener' wrinkle-resistant cotton fabric
Ironing is a tedious chore, but wearing crumpled clothing is unprofessional.
Stanford-Berkeley device detects, analyzes changes in composition of sweat
A team of researchers at Stanford University and the University of California-Berkeley has combined two technologies to create a health monitoring device that is noninvasive, doesn't interfere with strenuous outdoor activities and can continuously track a user's health at molecular levels.
Nano-coating makes coaxial cables lighter
Rice University scientists use carbon nanotubes to make durable, flexible coaxial cables for aerospace applications with half the weight.
Manifestation of genetic risk for schizophrenia during adolescence in population
A new study published online by JAMA Psychiatry examined psychopathological features associated with the early expression of genetic risk for schizophrenia during adolescence in the general population.
New tool to determine the risk of prostate cancer death
Researchers at the University of Copenhagen have identified a new prognostic biomarker: the neuropeptide pro-NPY, which may help determine the risk of dying from prostate cancer.
NYP, CUMC & WCM among the cancer centers endorsing HPV vaccines for cancer prevention
NewYork-Presbyterian, Columbia University Medical Center and Weill Cornell Medicine are among the nation's top cancer centers calling for increased human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination for the prevention of cancer.
Paracetamol use in pregnancy can cut female fertility, study finds
Using painkillers in pregnancy may reduce fertility in subsequent generations, research suggests.
Evidence lacking to support use of costlier biologic mesh for abdominal hernia repair
A UT Southwestern Medical Center study comparing two types of materials used in abdominal wall hernia repair surgery found no evidence to support the use of costlier biologic mesh versus synthetic mesh.
How queen bees control the princesses : ANU media release
Queen bees and ants emit a chemical that alters the DNA of their daughters and keeps them as sterile and industrious workers, scientists have found.
Single no more: First females of a Madagascan chameleon described with modern technologies
The first females of a scarcely known chameleon species from Northeast Madagascar have been described.
Novel nanotechnology technique makes table-top production of flat optics a reality
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a simplified approach to fabricating flat, ultrathin optics.
Women younger than 40 at melanoma diagnosis indoor tanned earlier, more
Women younger than 40 when diagnosed with melanoma reported initiating indoor tanning at an earlier age and more frequent tanning than older women diagnosed with the potentially fatal skin cancer, according to an article on a study in Minnesota published online by JAMA Dermatology.
Ben-Gurion U. researchers have discovered multiple botnets
Led by BGU Prof. Bracha Shapira and Prof. Lior Roach, the team analyzed data captured by a 'honeypot' network run by Deutsche Telekom, the worldwide telecommunications company.
Uncovering hidden microbial lineages from hot springs
Although global microbial populations are orders of magnitude larger than nearly any other population in, on or around the planet, only a fraction has been identified thus far.
More than 1 in 20 US children have dizziness and balance problems
More than 1 in 20 (nearly 3.3 million) children between the ages of 3 and 17 have a dizziness or balance problem, according to an analysis of the first large-scale, nationally representative survey of these problems in US children.
Corporate philanthropy can have a positive impact on employees
Corporate philanthropy benefits organizations in many ways: Giving enhances a business's reputation and strengthens a business's efforts toward corporate social responsibility.
Honorary doctorate for Anantha P. Chandrakasan
On Feb. 10, 2016, the University of Leuven will confer an honorary doctorate on Anantha Chandrakasan.
Soft robotic grippers non-destructively manipulate deep sea coral reef organisms
The first use of soft robotics in the deep sea describes the non-destructive interaction and sampling of fragile organisms in their natural environments.
Pollinator competition may drive flower diversification
Male hummingbirds drive female birds away from their preferred yellow flowered plant, which may have implications for flower diversification, according a study published Jan.
Using virtual reality to make experiments more realistic
Avatars are all around us: they represent real people online and colonise new worlds in the movies.
New Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence focusing on EU international relations
The newly established Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence 'EU in Global Dialogue' will focus on research and teaching as well as knowledge transfer and networking relating to the international relations of the EU.
International entomologists to collaborate on controlling Zika, Chikungunya, and Dengue in Brazil
On March 13, 2016, in Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil, the Entomological Society of America (ESA) and the Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil (SEB) will host a gathering of the world's entomological societies to discuss collaborative control options to combat one of the world's most deadly animal species -- Aedes aegypti, a mosquito that transmits Zika virus, dengue, chikungunya, and yellow fever.
Spending more on food is associated with a healthier diet and weight
According to an epidemiological study carried out by researchers at the Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute, increasing the money you spend on food is linked to a better quality diet, particularly increased consumption of fruit and vegetables, leading to a healthier weight and decreased risk of cardiometabolic diseases like obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular problems.
Edited stem cells offer hope of precision therapy for blindness
University of Iowa researchers have used the gene editing technology CRISPR/Cas9 to corrected a blindness-causing gene mutation in stem cells derived from a patient with X-linked Retinitis Pigmentosa.
Recommendation to omit radiation therapy after lumpectomy is not frequently implemented
Nearly two-thirds of US women age 70 or older with stage I breast cancer who undergo lumpectomy and are eligible to safely omit subsequent radiation therapy according to national cancer guidelines still receive this treatment, according to new study results.
MD Anderson joins nation's cancer centers in endorsement of HPV vaccination for cancer prevention
In response to low national vaccination rates for the human papillomavirus (HPV), The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center has joined with the 68 other National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer centers in issuing a statement calling for increased HPV vaccination for the prevention of cancer.
Earthworms could be a threat to biodiversity
The humble earthworm may be a threat to plant diversity in natural ecosystems, says a study just published by researchers from Université Laval and Université de Sherbrooke.
Antidepressants during pregnancy do not pose risk to unborn child
Women who take antidepressants during pregnancy do not appear to be at greater risk of giving birth to children with congenital heart defects compared to women who are not exposed to the drugs, according to new research from UCL.
Slender mice, heart disease and diabetes -- what do they have in common?
Removal of a gene protected mice against arterial disease, and they stayed lean even when they ate more.
Stellar parenting: Making new stars by 'adopting' stray cosmic gases
Using observations by the Hubble Space Telescope, an international research team, including astronomers from the Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics and Northwestern University, has for the first time found young populations of stars within globular clusters that have apparently developed courtesy of star-forming gas flowing in from outside of the clusters themselves.
NYU/UCLA $2.4 million to study non-psychotropic cannabinoids to suppress chronic cancer pain
The purpose of the five-year, $2,494,784 R01 grant from the National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute is to test PRCBs for oral cancer and chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy pain reduction.
Seagrass genome sequence lends insights to salt tolerance
In the Jan. 27, 2016 issue of Nature, a team including DOE Joint Genome Institute researchers describe the first genome of a marine flowering plant: the eelgrass Zostera marina.
Neuroticism predicts anxiety and depression disorders
A new Northwestern University and UCLA study has found for the first time that young people who are high on the personality trait of neuroticism are highly likely to develop both anxiety and depression disorders.
EARTH: How to feed 11 billion people
As the human population continues to rise, geoscience is informing experts, suggesting major shifts in agriculture must be taken to prevent rampant food insecurity by the year 2050.
CosmosID raises $6 million in Series B funding
Biotechnology startup CosmosID has successfully closed it's Series B by receiving $6 million in funding from Applied Value Group.
Uncorrected farsightedness linked to literacy deficits in preschoolers
A study funded by the National Eye Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health, has shown that uncorrected farsightedness (hyperopia) in preschool children is associated with significantly worse performance on a test of early literacy.
Honeybees, ants may provide clues to suicide in humans
Thomas Joiner, the Robert O. Lawton Distinguished Professor of Psychology, led a team of researchers in examining scientific knowledge and drawing parallels between suicide in humans and the self-sacrificial behaviors of colony-like -- or eusocial -- species such as shrimp, mole rats and insects.
New detection method for Goby invasion
Conventional methods of stock monitoring are unsuitable for certain fish species.
Scholars look to early 20th century radio technology to help improve Internet security
Standard lasers are actually not useful for secure communication because they emit what is called 'classical' light.
New findings point to central nervous system role in painful diabetic peripheral nerve disease
Emerging evidence suggests that the central nervous system is a key contributor to the problem of painful peripheral nerve disease in people with diabetes, according to a special article in the February issue of PAIN®, the official publication of the International Association for the Study of Pain.
Both hemispheres of the brain process numbers
Researchers of the Jena University and of the Jena University Hospital located an important region for the visual processing of numbers in the human brain and showed that it is active in both hemispheres.
NSF RAPID funding awarded to study erupting Momotombo volcano
When Nicaragua's Momotombo volcano, which had been dormant since 1905, erupted on Nov.
NASA Webb Telescope mirrors installed with robotic arm precision
Inside a massive clean room at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland the James Webb Space Telescope team is steadily installing the largest space telescope mirror ever.
Stellar parenting: Giant star clusters make new stars by 'adopting' stray cosmic gases
A research team has for the first time found young populations of stars within globular clusters that have apparently developed courtesy of star-forming gas flowing in from outside of the clusters themselves.
Growth factor in brain tied to slower mental decline
Older people with higher amounts of a key protein in their brains also had slower decline in their memory and thinking abilities than people with lower amounts of protein from the gene called brain-derived neurotrophic factor, or BDNF, according to a study published in the Jan.
NIHR to invest in more research into the prevention and treatment of obesity
The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) will invest millions of pounds into research addressing the prevention and treatment of overweight and obesity.
Antidepressants double the risk of aggression and suicide in children
Children and adolescents have a doubled risk of aggression and suicide when taking one of the five most commonly prescribed antidepressants, according to findings of a study published in The BMJ today.
MS drug tied to rising JC virus antibody levels
People who take the drug natalizumab for multiple sclerosis may have up to a 10 times greater risk of developing a risk biomarker for activity of a virus that can lead to an often fatal brain disease, according to a study published in the Jan.
Fred Hutch endorses HPV vaccination for cancer prevention
In response to low national vaccination rates for the human papillomavirus, or HPV, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center has joined with the 68 other US National Cancer Institute-designated cancer centers in issuing a statement urging for increased vaccination in adolescent girls and boys for the prevention of many types of HPV-related cancers in adulthood.
Life expectancy three years longer for children born into smaller families
Children born into smaller families in the world's poorest nations will live an expected three years longer than those born into larger families, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.
Airbrushing out racism is attempting 'to re-edit the past'
Racist words and stereotypes in old films, television programs and books are a vital insight into our past, says film historian Kunle Olulode.
Welcome to the world: New chameleon emerges from wilds of Tanzania
WCS announced today that a team of scientists discovered a new species of chameleon in Tanzania.
HIV is still growing, even when undetectable in the blood
Scientists found HIV is still replicating in lymphoid tissue, even when it is undetectable in the blood of patients on antiretroviral drugs.
Researchers examine the unintentional effects of different fishing hooks and bait on sharks and rays
By examining relevant studies related to fishing in the open ocean, researchers have found that while using circle instead of J-shaped hooks and fish instead of squid for bait may avoid harm to sea turtles, dolphins, certain whales, and possibly seabirds, it may increase the catch and injury of some sharks and rays.
Groundbreaking journal, Gender and the Genome, to launch in summer 2016
The announcement in 2000 that the structure of the human genome had been successfully described signaled a dramatic change in our ability to explore, augment, and alter the nature of life.
American College of Prosthodontists issues guidelines on maintaining tooth-borne and implant-borne dental restorations
Using the best level of available evidence, the American College of Prosthodontists, working with the American Dental Association, Academy of General Dentistry, and American Dental Hygienists Association, recently published the first clinical practice guidelines for patients and dental professionals as they care for tooth-borne and implant-borne restorations.
Bringing time and space together for universal symmetry
New research from Griffith University's Centre for Quantum Dynamics is broadening perspectives on time and space.
Farsighted kids' reading skills fall behind before they start first grade
Kids with uncorrected farsightedness lose ground on reading skills before they ever start first grade, a new study has found.
Information for mental health providers working with children who have chronic illnesses
This eBook provides critical information for mental health providers, including counselors, psychologists, and social workers, who are interested in providing services for children with chronic illnesses.
New record in nanoelectronics at ultralow temperatures
The first ever measurement of the temperature of electrons in a nanoelectronic device a few thousandths of a degree above absolute zero was demonstrated in a joint research project performed by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd, Lancaster University, and Aivon Ltd.
Fun with Lego (molecules)
A great childhood pleasure is playing with Legos® and marveling at the variety of structures you can create from a small number of basic elements.
Urban sprawl stunts upward mobility, University of Utah study finds
A recent study by University of Utah Department of City & Metropolitan Planning professor Reid Ewing and his colleagues in Utah, Texas and Louisiana, tested the relationship between urban sprawl and upward mobility for metropolitan areas in the United States.
Depressive symptoms prevalent among Division I college athletes
Nearly a quarter of Division I college athletes reported depressive symptoms while enrolled at a liberal arts university on the East Coast, says a new study from the Drexel University College of Medicine.
Drug provides better kidney transplant survival rates than current standard of care
For the first time, an immunosuppressive agent has shown better organ survival in kidney transplant recipients than a calcineurin inhibitor, the current standard of care, according to a worldwide study led by UC San Francisco and Emory University investigators.
Experts: High drug price trend has 'infected' generics
An article published online today in Blood, the Journal of the American Society of Hematology, suggests that pharmaceutical companies use several strategies to keep affordable generic drugs from the market, illustrating an emerging trend that authors say is becoming as harmful to consumers as high-cost brand-name drugs.
Mercury levels in rainfall are rising in parts of North America, study finds
An analysis of long-term trends in the amount of mercury in precipitation in North America found recent increases at many sites, mostly in the center of the continent.
With climate, fertilizing oceans could be zero-sum game
Scientists plumbing the depths of the central equatorial Pacific Ocean have found ancient sediments suggesting that one proposed way to mitigate climate warming -- fertilizing the oceans with iron to produce more carbon-eating algae -- may not necessarily work as envisioned.
Asthma and allergies: A protective factor in farm milk
Fresh, unprocessed cow's milk has a higher content of omega-3 fatty acids than does pasteurized, homogenized or low-fat milk.
JAMA Viewpoint: Emerging Zika pandemic requires more WHO action now
The World Health Organization's Director-General should convene 'urgently' a meeting of International Health Regulations' Emergency Committee to advise on the emerging Zika pandemic and galvanize global action, say two Georgetown University professors.
Dresden scientists make an important contribution to decoding the language of cells
The latest research has shown that there are astonishing similarities between molecular mechanisms in neural stem cells and pancreatic islet cells.
Making liver tissue in the lab for transplants and drug screening
Engineered liver tissue could have a range of important uses, from transplants in patients suffering from the organ's failure to pharmaceutical testing.
Cellulose nanogenerators could one day power implanted biomedical devices
Implantable electronics that can deliver drugs, monitor vital signs and perform other health-related roles are on the horizon.
New way to detect human-animal diseases tested in lemurs
RNA sequencing is uncovering emerging diseases in wildlife that other diagnostic tests cannot detect.
Wearing glasses improves reading fluency for kids with 'high' astigmatism
For children with severe astigmatism, wearing glasses to correct blurred vision can significantly improve accurate reading speed, reports a study in the February issue of Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry.
Twenty-five-point drop in IQ caused by lack of gene copy
Even in study participants whose IQ was considered to be normal, the researchers found a substantial 25 points IQ drop induced by 16p11.2 gene deletions.
What DuPont's deep R&D cuts mean for science
During the last century, private companies, as well as illustrious universities, were known for great exploratory research.
Experts offer new approach to prioritizing research on the environmental impacts of pharmaceuticals
Researchers have developed a new way to prioritize investigations on the environmental impacts of the estimated 1500 active pharmaceutical ingredients currently in use.
Ancient rodent's brain was big ... but not necessarily 'smart'
Ancient rodent Paramys had a large brain that was even larger than some primitive primates of the same era.
Study shows zinc supplement boosted serum zinc levels and immunity in older adults
A new study finds that providing zinc supplements to older adults in nursing homes increased their serum zinc levels and improved their immune response, providing potential protection against infection.
The Milky Way's clean and tidy galactic neighbor
Many galaxies are chock-full of dust, while others have occasional dark streaks of opaque cosmic soot swirling in amongst their gas and stars.
Examination of effectiveness of mesh materials used for abdominal hernia repair
An examination of the published evidence on the use of biological mesh materials for the repair of abdominal wall hernia failed to find evidence supporting the use of these more expensive materials relative to low-cost synthetic mesh, according to a study published online by JAMA Surgery.
Home or away? Award focuses on post-chemo recovery for children with leukemia
After children with leukemia receive a course of chemotherapy at a hospital, are they better off remaining in the hospital, or going home with their families?
Simplifying solar cells with a new mix of materials
An international research team has simplified the steps to create highly efficient silicon solar cells by applying a new mix of materials to a standard design.
Smartphones and intelligent socks to help prevent diabetic amputations
Diabetic neuropathy is the leading cause of amputation due to foot ulcers, costing the US more than $10 billion a year.
RIT students earn top awards for bio-separations research
Three students from Rochester Institute of Technology were recognized for their research findings about improvements to bio-separation techniques for lab-on-a-chip medical devices.
Uncertainties in tree-ring-based climate reconstructions probed
Current approaches to reconstructing past climate by using tree-ring data need to be improved on so that they can better take uncertainty into account, new research led out of New Zealand's University of Otago suggests.
Agenda available for CTO Summit 2016
The CTO Summit 2016 is a two-day course featuring the latest research and state-of-the-art technologies for chronic total occlusions.
Extinct pink-headed duck derived its unique color from carotenoids
The exotic Pink-headed Duck, whose rose-colored plumage set it apart from any other species of waterfowl, was last seen in the wild in India in 1949.
Imaged 'jets' reveal cerium's post-shock inner strength
'Jets' formed after shock waves passed through cerium metal provided the yield stress of cerium in its post-shock state, indicating the stress that would cause it to become permanently deformed.
Study: Incentive pay not motivating enough for some managers
Incentive compensation is becoming an increasingly popular practice, with firms offering managers incentive pay in the hopes of improving company performance.
Let them see you sweat: What new wearable sensors can reveal from perspiration
UC Berkeley engineers have developed the first fully integrated electronic system that can provide continuous, noninvasive monitoring of multiple biochemicals in sweat.

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#538 Nobels and Astrophysics
This week we start with this year's physics Nobel Prize awarded to Jim Peebles, Michel Mayor, and Didier Queloz and finish with a discussion of the Nobel Prizes as a way to award and highlight important science. Are they still relevant? When science breakthroughs are built on the backs of hundreds -- and sometimes thousands -- of people's hard work, how do you pick just three to highlight? Join host Rachelle Saunders and astrophysicist, author, and science communicator Ethan Siegel for their chat about astrophysics and Nobel Prizes.