Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 28, 2016
Calculating whiskers send precise information to the brain
In research recently published in Nature Neuroscience, Weizmann Institute scientists found that for rats, which use their whiskers to feel out their surroundings at night, clumps of nerve endings called mechanoreceptors located at the base of each whisker act as tiny calculators.

Sensing the future of molecule detection and bioproduction
A team of researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University and Harvard Medical School (HMS) led by George Church, Ph.D., has developed a new method for engineering a broad range of biosensors to detect and signal virtually any desired molecule using living eukaryotic cells.

Study finds toxic pollutants in fish across the world's oceans
A new global analysis of seafood found that fish populations throughout the world's oceans are contaminated with industrial and agricultural pollutants, collectively known as persistent organic pollutants (POPs).

Chemists uncover how key agent allows diseases to reproduce
University of Iowa chemists have revealed the chemistry behind how certain diseases, from anthrax to tuberculosis, replicate.

New book on microbial evolution from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
'Microbial Evolution' examines how bacteria and other microbes evolve, focusing on insights from genomics-based studies.

Epigenetic switch for obesity
Obesity can sometimes be shut down.

Fertility issues for patients with cancer examined in collection of articles
A collection of articles published online by JAMA Oncology examines fertility issues, both regarding clinical care and legal questions, in patients with cancer.

Virtual reality makes its best users the most queasy
In a twist of virtual fate, people with the best 3-D vision are also the people most likely to suffer from motion sickness while using virtual reality displays.

Moon was produced by a head-on collision between Earth and a forming planet
The moon was formed from a violent, head-on collision between the early Earth and a 'planetary embryo' called Theia approximately 100 million years after the Earth formed, almost 4.5 billion years ago, UCLA geochemists and colleagues report Jan.

International study describes new glioma subtypes
In an international study conducted in Brazil, researchers have identified new glioma subtypes on the basis of epigenetic profile.

Survey shows Aussies' love and concern for Great Barrier Reef
A James Cook University researcher has found more than three quarters of Australians regard the Great Barrier Reef as part of their national identity and nearly 90 percent believe it is under threat from climate change.

UTEP professor shows that hearing aids improve memory, speech
A recent study by Jamie Desjardins, Ph.D., an assistant professor in the speech-language pathology program at The University of Texas at El Paso, found that hearing aids improve brain function in persons with hearing loss.

Retinal neurobiology and visual processing
This SRC showcases the most recent advances in our understanding of neuronal circuits responsible for retinal image processing.

Phospholipid signaling in cancer, neurodegeneration and cardiovascular disease
This SRC focuses on new developments in the biology of lipid signaling with an emphasis on cancer, neuronal and cardiovascular diseases.

Standard BMI inadequate for tracking obesity during leukemia therapy
An interdisciplinary research team at The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles has found that body mass index (BMI) is an inadequate method for estimating changes in body fat and obesity in children with leukemia.

Full GenomesTM Corporation collaborates with Novogene to offer low-cost whole genome ancestry test
Full GenomesTM Corporation, the first company to offer a high-resolution and comprehensive Y chromosome test in January 2013, announced today that it is collaborating with Novogene, a leading genomics solution provider with the largest Illumina-based sequencing capacity in China, to offer GenomeGuide , one of the first whole genome tests for ancestry purposes for under $1,000.

To burn sugar or not to burn sugar: How eggs store fuel for embryo development
Reproduction is highly dependent on diet and the ability to use nutrients to grow and generate energy.

Estrogens alleviate hyperactivity in zebrafish with autism gene
Research led by UCL, Yale and University of California, San Francisco has shown that the hormone estrogen alleviates the sleep disruption experienced by zebrafish genetically designed to help understand the biology of autism spectrum disorder.

Epigenetics: The importance of mixed motifs
Local modifications in histone proteins alter DNA packing density in the cell nucleus to regulate gene activity.

Recent summer temperatures in Europe are likely the warmest of the last 2 millennia
Most of Europe has experienced strong summer warming over the course of the past several decades, accompanied by severe heat waves in 2003, 2010 and 2015.

Protein phosphatases
Protein phosphatases are involved in virtually every area of cellular biology.

Post-transcriptional control of gene expression: mRNA decay
This SRC will present the very latest developments in this field, with talks by leading international experts working with both prokaryotic and eukaryotic models.

New report: Most uninsured Texans say cost of health insurance too high
Almost 70 percent of uninsured Texans said the high cost of health insurance is the reason they remain uninsured, according to a new report released today by Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy and the Episcopal Health Foundation.

Social work conference urges greater 'father-friendly' culture
When family difficulties mean that children are at risk of abuse or neglect and face being taken into care or becoming candidates for adoption, how can their fathers be brought back into the equation?

Intact nature offers best defense against climate change
Worldwide responses to climate change could leave people worse off in the future according to a recent study conducted by CSIRO, Wildlife Conservation Society and the University of Queensland.

Significant number of young people with undiagnosed bipolar disorder
Around 10 percent of UK primary care patients prescribed antidepressants for depression or anxiety have undiagnosed bipolar disorder, a study has found.

Clashes with cops more injurious than civilian-only skirmishes
People hospitalized due to an encounter with a law enforcement officer are more likely to have a mental illness, have longer hospitalizations, more injuries to the back and spine, and greater need for extended care than those hospitalized due to altercations with other civilians.

Protein combination improves bone regeneration, UCLA study shows
UCLA researchers have found a combination of proteins that could improve clinical bone restoration; and could lead towards the development of therapeutic treatments for skeletal defects, bone loss and osteoporosis.

Trace elements in biology and medicine
Metalloproteins represent ~30 percent of the proteins encoded in the human genome that provide essential, non-redundant functions.

How severe maternal inflammation can lead to autism-like behavior
A group of researchers from MIT and other institutions found that immune cells activated in the mother during severe inflammation produce an immune effector molecule called IL-17 that appears to interfere with brain development.

Finger tracing can lift student performance in maths
Sydney schoolkids who used finger tracing fared better with previously unseen geometry and algebra questions, new research has found.

Replacement of the Y chromosome in male mice
Researchers have successfully replaced the Y chromosome in mice while preserving the male's ability to produce offspring.

RIT researchers study safety of electronic cigarette flavorings
Researchers at Rochester Institute of Technology's National Technical Institute for the Deaf are developing methods to better analyze the effects of flavorings used in electronic cigarettes.

Yeast chromosome structure, replication, and segregation
Understanding the intricately interconnected systems that regulate chromosome structure, replication and segregation are a major challenge in modern cell biology.

Satellites show Florida beaches becoming darker, and that's good for sea turtles
Satellite data on artificial nighttime light in Florida from 1992-2012 was compared to robust data on sea turtle nesting for the same period, showing regulations have cut light levels to the benefit of turtles.

Researchers tease apart a pathway certain cancer cells use to replicate
A new 'player' in the way certain aggressive cancer cells may reproduce has been identified.

How bats recognize their own 'bat signals'
A new Tel Aviv University study identifies the mechanism that allows individual bats to avoid noise overlap by increasing the volume, duration and repetition rate of their signals.

VTT brings reflectors up to date with sensors and LED lights
In collaboration with the Coreplast Laitila company, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has created a reflector that can be wirelessly controlled via a mobile phone application.

Women with sleeping problems far more likely to develop diabetes
New research published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes) shows that in women, sleeping problems are associated with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, with the increased risk ranging from 47 percent for one sleep disorder to more than four times the risk for four different sleeping problems combined.

Protein kinase signaling network regulation
The original identification and linkage of kinases to the development of malignant disease opened an entire new field in oncology.

Cholesterol levels improve with weight loss and healthy fat-rich diet
A University of California, San Diego School of Medicine study finds that weight loss programs that provide healthy fats, such as olive oil in the Mediterranean diet, or a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet have similar impacts on pound-shedding.

Phase II colorectal cancer clinical trial first to receive support, scientific oversight from Van Andel Research Institute-Stand Up To Cancer Epigenetics Dream Team
The first clinical trial to move forward as part of the Van Andel Research Institute-Stand Up To Cancer Epigenetics Dream Team will target metastatic colorectal cancer, the second leading cause of cancer deaths among men and women combined in the US.

Scientists discover protein's starring role in genome stability, and possibly cancer prevention
A protein called XPG plays a previously unknown and critical role helping to maintain genome stability in human cells.

New molecular profiling for glioma
Cell publishes on its Jan. 28th edition the results of the largest study ever performed on the molecular profiles of gliomas -- that represent 80 percent of tumors of the central nervous system.

Marijuana survey finds medical users more likely to consume edibles and vaporize
A new study provides some of the first evidence about patterns of marijuana use in states that have legalized medical marijuana.

PNNL moves cybersecurity software and a novel disinfecting system beyond the lab
Software that helps cybersecurity analysts prevent hacks and a microbial disinfecting system that kills with an activated salt spray are two of the latest innovations Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has successfully commercialized with the help of business partners.

Male mice without any Y chromosome genes can father offspring after assisted reproduction
Live mouse progeny can be generated with assisted reproduction using germ cells from males without any Y chromosome genes.

Study shows minorities had lower risk of coronary heart disease than whites
In a study of more than 1.3 million Kaiser Permanente members in Northern California that stretched over 10 years, researchers found that blacks, Latinos and Asians generally had lower risk of coronary heart disease compared to whites.

The CNIO uses the Internet network theory to decipher the first epigenetic communication network
The discovery, published in 'Cell Reports', is the first communication network between the various signals or marks that make up the epigenome, a key component in gene regulation.

Improved harvest for small farms thanks to naturally cloned crops
As hybrid plants provide a very high agricultural yield for only one generation, new hybrid seeds need to be produced and used every year.

Genomics studies assess childhood, young adulthood cancers
Genomics assessments of childhood and young adulthood cancers are the subject of two new studies, an editorial and an author audio interview published online by JAMA Oncology.

Skeletal muscle satellite cells and stem cells
The overall scientific objective of this conference is to provide a forum for cutting-edge work in muscle satellite and stem cells, including regulatory mechanisms controlling normal and abnormal functions of muscle stem cells in regeneration, homeostasis, hypertrophy, aging and disease.

Daughters of interracial parents more likely than sons to identify as multiracial
Daughters of interracial parents are more likely than sons to identify as multiracial, and this is especially true for children of black-white couples, according to a new study in the February issue of the American Sociological Review.

Virus structure and assembly
This SRC will focus on virus assembly, virus structure, and structure-based mechanisms of virus replication (entry, replication, virus-host interactions).

Epigenetics drives weight differences between identical twins
Having overweight parents significantly increases your risk of obesity, but the inheritance of specific mutations can't always explain why this is the case.

Brain's 'amplifier' compensates for lost inner ear function
Researchers have described, for the first time, the adult brain's ability to compensate for a near-complete loss of auditory nerve fibers that link the ear to the brain.

Study: New drug could be safer, non-addictive alternative to morphine
Researchers at Tulane University and Southeast Louisiana Veterans Health Care System have developed a painkiller that is as strong as morphine but isn't likely to be addictive and with fewer side effects, according to a new study in the journal Neuropharmacology.

Smooth muscle
The FASEB Smooth Muscle Conference is widely regarded as the premier forum in smooth muscle biology, and thus, attracts internationally recognized leaders in a number of fields.

Researchers shed new light on regulation of repetitive DNA sequences
A pair of studies by a team of scientists has shed new light on the nature of a particular type of DNA sequences --tandem DNA repeat arrays -- that play important roles in transcription control, genome organization, and development.

Toward a better understanding of the mechanisms blocking cancer cell growth
A study published in the journal Nucleic Acids Research provides valuable information about certain mechanisms governing DNA repair and opens the way to better understand the mechanisms of action of drugs that prevent cancer cell growth.

Inhibiting certain immune signals halts development of autism in mice
A new study has identified a subset of immune signaling proteins that are associated with the development of autism.

University of Arizona researchers identify food additive that may prevent skin cancer
Two researchers at the University of Arizona College of Pharmacy have discovered that a compound found in the natural food additive annatto prevents the formation of cancer cells and skin damage from UV radiation in mice.

Viral infection during pregnancy causes autism-like behaviors in mice
A study published in the journal Science found that activation in pregnant mice of a particular immune response, similar to what may occur with certain viral infections during pregnancy, alters the brain structure of the mouse offspring and causes behavioral changes, reminiscent of those observed in humans with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Is cannabis addictive? Are there treatments? Answers in New journal's roundtable discussion
What are the symptoms, risks, and health consequences of 'cannabis use disorder,' and what is the status of current research efforts to identify effective treatments for cannabis addiction?

Electric patch holds promise for treating PTSD
A new treatment has shown benefits for reducing the symptoms associated with chronic Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and associated depression, a team of UCLA psychiatrists has found.

Genetic testing for childhood cancer patients can identify cause and treatment potential
Combined whole exome tumor and blood sequencing in pediatric cancer patients revealed mutations that could help explain the cause of cancer or have the potential to impact clinical cancer care in 40 percent of patients in a study led by researchers from Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Cancer Center.

Ischemic renal failure and organ damage: A new mouse model holds the key
Every year acute renal failure affects over 13 million people and leads to 1.7 million deaths across the globe.

Researchers develop completely new kind of polymer
Imagine a polymer with removable parts that can deliver something to the environment and then be chemically regenerated to function again.

UMass Amherst neuroscientist receives $599,000 grant to study brain function
Cognitive neuroscientist Rosie Cowell at UMass Amherst recently received a five-year, $599,619 NSF CAREER award to develop and test a theory of how memory interacts with fine-grained visual perception and how both brain functions depend on the medial temporal lobe, once thought to be critical for memory but not for visual perception.

A step towards keeping up with Moore's Law
Professor Tae-Woo Lee and his research team at POSTECH, Korea, have developed a rapid printing technology for high density and scalable memristor array composed of cross-bar-shaped metal nanowires.

In lung cancer, not all HER2 alterations are created equal
Study shows two distinct causes of HER2 activation in lung cancer: mutation of the gene and amplification of the gene.

Increasing breastfeeding worldwide could prevent over 800000 child deaths and 20000 deaths from breast cancer every year
Just 1 in 5 children in high-income countries are breastfed to 12 months, whilst only 1 in 3 children in low and middle-income countries are exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months.

Scientists decode brain signals nearly at speed of perception
Using electrodes implanted in the temporal lobes of awake patients, scientists have decoded brain signals at nearly the speed of perception.

Genetic sequencing can help guide treatment in children with solid tumors
Clinical genomic sequencing is feasible in pediatric oncology and can be used to recommend therapy or pinpoint diagnosis in children with solid tumors, according to the multi-center Individualized CAncer Therapy (iCat) study led by investigators from Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center.

New book on budding yeast from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
'Budding Yeast: A Laboratory Manual' provides a comprehensive collection of experimental procedures that continue to make budding yeast an informative model.

New insights into PI3K pathway and cancer metabolism
New research led by scientists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) provides important insights into the biology that underlies glycolysis, the metabolic process that enables cancer cells to generate biomass and energy, confirming the importance of sugar to cancer survival.

Fleeting fruit in a tropical forest
To find energy-rich food, like tropical ripe fruit, is a challenge for chimpanzees.

Study shows US has greater link between low birth weight and inequality
New research from the University of Washington shows that while low birth weight was linked to lower income and education levels in four comparable countries, that connection was most persistent in the United States.

Hubble sees monstrous cloud boomerang back to our galaxy
Hubble Space Telescope astronomers are finding that the old adage 'what goes up must come down' even applies to an immense cloud of hydrogen gas outside our Milky Way galaxy.

What is the optimal dose of medication to prevent the evolution of drug resistance?
A new model shows that the standard practice of treating infections with the highest tolerable dose of anti-microbe medications may not be best for preventing the evolution of drug resistance in all cases.

Breastfeeding could add $300 billion into the global economy
When countries, rich or poor, support breastfeeding through meaningful investments and programs, it has an impact on their bottom line and the health of women and children.

Latest developments on the science of chiral materials discussed at ChiMag2016 Symposium
The ChiMag 2016 Symposium is to be held from Feb.

Insect growth regulator wears a second hat: Infection fighter
During an animal's embryonic development, a chemical chain reaction known as Hippo directs organs to grow to just the right size and no larger.

Refugee women at higher risk of preterm birth, study finds
Refugee women who come to Canada have greater risk of giving birth prematurely than non-refugee immigrants, a study by a St.

Wildlife win when cash takes edge off 'park vs. people' conservation conflict
Conserving wildlife habitat sounds noble, but when it comes down to work or sacrifice, cold hard cash -- a decent amount of it -- goes a long way.

Of mice and men (and pigs), a cystic fibrosis mystery solved
A new University of Iowa study provides an answer for a long-standing scientific puzzle: why don't mice with CF gene mutations develop the life-threatening lung disease that affects most people with CF?

Keeping immune cells quiet on a diet?
A population of suppressive T cells in the small intestines of mice prevents immune responses to solid foods, a new study finds.

NYU research: Shedding light on genetic switches
The study analyzes the regions of DNA that switch on gene expression in the notochord, called notochord cis-regulatory modules.

Hypertensive disorders during pregnancy increase risk for high blood pressure after delivery
Women who are diagnosed with hypertensive disorders while pregnant are more than twice as likely to develop high blood pressure in the first year after delivery as women who did not have any pregnancy-related hypertension, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published today in the Journal of Hypertension.

Model of viral infection during pregnancy caused autism-like behaviors in mice
A study found that Immune responses similar to those triggered by certain viral infections in pregnant mice altered brain structure in their offspring to cause behaviors associated with autism.

Victimized adolescents more at risk of thinking about suicide or attempting suicide at 15
A study to be published in the February 2016 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry reports that adolescents chronically victimized during at least two school years, are about five times more at risk of thinking about suicide and six times more at risk of attempting suicide at 15 years compared to those who were never victimized.

The biology of calpains in health and disease
This SRC brings together calpain researchers dedicated to elucidating the molecular, cellular and physiological functions of these proteases.

How 'more food per field' could help save our wild spaces
Increased farm yields could help to spare land from agriculture for natural habitats that benefit wildlife and store greenhouse gases, but only if the right policies are in place.

Translational neuroimmunology: From mechanisms to therapeutics
The interactions between the nervous and immune systems have been studied for some time, largely to decipher the molecular chemical mechanisms of damage inflicted on the nervous system.

Putting silicon 'sawdust' in a graphene cage boosts battery performance
Scientists have been trying for years to make a practical lithium-ion battery anode out of silicon, which could store 10 times more energy per charge than today's commercial anodes and make high-performance batteries a lot smaller and lighter.

Case Western faculty receive funding for new technologies aimed at blood, lung disorders
Three Case Western Reserve University faculty members have received funding to further develop emerging technologies aimed at malaria, cystic fibrosis, and sickle cell anemia.

Enzymes with the potential to increase wheat yields
Wheat yields could be significantly increased thanks to varieties with a superior form of a common enzyme, according to new research.

Identifying another piece in the Parkinson's disease pathology puzzle
International consortium identifies and validates cellular role of priority Parkinson's disease drug target, LRRK2 kinase

Researchers' preclinical trial upends conventional wisdom about responses to fear
For more than a century scientists have recognized 'freezing' as the natural fear response.

Second-hand smoke increases fatness, hinders cognition in children
Exposure to secondhand smoke is associated with a larger waist and poorer cognition in children, researchers say.

NASA sees developing depression threatening northwestern Australia
NASA's GPM satellite gathered rainfall rate and cloud height data on the newly developed tropical low pressure area designated System 92S in the Indian Ocean off Australia's northwestern coast.

Highlights for 2016 national meeting of world's largest scientific society
Journalists registering for the American Chemical Society's 251st National Meeting & Exposition this spring will have a wealth of new scientific information available for their news stories.

It's complicated: Benefits and toxicity of anti-prion antibodies in the brain
Immunotherapy to ameliorate neurodegeneration by targeting brain protein aggregates with antibodies is an area of intense investigation.

Finding the right antithrombotic (anti-clotting) drug for you
Scientists from Kumamoto University, Japan, have found that the effects of one or more antithrombotic (anti-clotting) drugs could more easily be determined through the use of a new analysis system made in Japan.

Chronic pain changes our immune systems
Chronic pain may reprogram the way genes work in the immune system, according to a new study by McGill University researchers published in the journal Scientific Reports.

Harnessing the oxidising power of air
Researchers report the catalysis of a highly specific chemical reaction where oxygen from the air is one ingredient and the other, an organic molecule, is selectively 'oxidised'.

Too-few proteins prompt nanoparticles to clump
Low concentrations of serum albumin proteins have the ability to bind one-to-one to gold nanoparticles and, upon unfolding, prompt them to aggregate, according to Rice University scientists.

New research into the origins of the Austronesian languages
Complex genetic data now confirms that mitochondrial DNA found in Pacific islanders was present in Island Southeast Asia at a much earlier period.

The lung epithelium in health and disease
This SRC presents emerging areas of scientific interest in lung epithelial biology in development, homeostasis, and disease.

Treating Parkinson's disease by solving the mysteries of movement
Two secrets of one of the brain's most enigmatic regions have finally been revealed.

IU, Regenstrief study: Cognitive training effects differ by older adult's education level
The first study to investigate the effects of cognitive training on the cognitive functioning of older adults by education level has found that individuals with fewer than 12 years of schooling benefit more from cognitive training than their more highly educated counterparts.

Multi-center study reveals unique subtypes of most common malignant brain cancer
An international collaborative study has revealed detailed new information about diffuse glioma, the most common type of tumor found in some 80 percent of adult brain cancer patients, raising hopes that better understanding of these disease groups may aid improved clinical outcomes.

Forsyth scientists map mouth microbes
A new study from the Forsyth Institute and the Marine Biological Laboratory provides a detailed look at how the microbes in the mouth coexist.

New way to identify brain tumor aggressiveness
A comprehensive analysis of the molecular characteristics of gliomas -- the most common malignant brain tumor -- explains why some patients diagnosed with slow-growing (low-grade) tumors quickly succumb to the disease while others with more aggressive (high-grade) tumors survive for many years.

Microtubules, assemble!
Now, researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have observed how microtubules and motor proteins assemble into macroscopic networks.

Study offers new insights into Group A Streptococcus
Group A Streptococcus, remains a global health burden with an estimated 700 million cases reported annually, and more than half a million deaths due to severe infections.

Vaccine study shapes plan to wipe out rabies in free-roaming dogs
Rabies could be eradicated from street dogs in India with the help of a new smartphone app, a study led by Mission Rabies and the University of Edinburgh's Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies has shown.

How to make slums more resilient to climate change
A team from the Santa Fe Institute, Arizona State University, and Slum Dwellers International has been selected to develop a new way to empower the world's poorest, most vulnerable communities.

New therapy halts progression of Lou Gehrig's disease in mice
Researchers announced today that they have essentially stopped the progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig's disease, for nearly two years in one type of mouse model used to study the disease -- allowing the mice to approach their normal lifespan.

Life history effects on the molecular clock of autosomes and sex chromosomes
A study finds that accounting for the effect of sex-specific life history events, such as the onset of puberty in male hominids, on mutation rates can help reconcile mutation-rate-based estimates of the split between chimpanzees and humans with the fossil record, suggesting that the split may have been as recent as 6.6 million years ago.

Resistance to key HIV drug 'concerningly common'
HIV drug resistance to tenofovir, an antiretroviral drug vital to most modern HIV treatment and prevention strategies, is surprisingly and worryingly common according to a large study led by UCL and funded by the Wellcome Trust.

LSU Health New Orleans technology part of $90 million pharma deal
A technology invented by faculty at LSU Health New Orleans is part of an acquisition deal by Allergan plc, a global pharmaceutical company.

Heavy fermions get nuclear boost on way to superconductivity
Physicists from the United States, Germany and China have made a surprising discovery that the arrangement of atomic nuclei spins helps bring about superconductivity in ytterbium dirhodium disilicide, one of the most-studied materials in a class of quantum critical compounds known as 'heavy fermions.'

For this nanocatalyst reaction, one atom makes a big difference
Combining experimental investigations and theoretical simulations, researchers have explained why platinum nanoclusters of a specific size range facilitate the hydrogenation reaction used to produce ethane from ethylene.

Songs in the key of colonialism
A UCSB historian's new book reveals the role of music in the subjugation and liberation of African culture.

Ubiquitin and cellular regulation
This SRC brings together leading international investigators in the field, junior scientists, and those who have recently entered the field of protein ubiquitination.

Want to rewire a neuron? You've got to take it slow
A research team led by McGill University and the Montreal Neurological Institute has managed to create new functional connections between neurons for the first time.

Landscape pattern analysis reveals global loss of interior forest
Between 2000 and 2012, the world lost more forest area than it gained, according to U.S.

Teens take fewer risks around slightly older adults
Adolescents are known risk takers, especially when they're surrounded by same-aged peers.

Dietary changes may help postpone dialysis in patients with chronic kidney disease
Five patients with severely reduced kidney function would need to adhere to a ketoanalogue-supplemented very low-protein diet to avoid a >50 percent reduction in kidney function or the need for dialysis in one patient.

Scientific education through films?
Magic swords, wands, cauldrons and cloaks of invisibility do not exist in reality.

Texas A&M research hints at a nutritional strategy for reducing autism risk
Folic acid has long been touted as an important supplement for women of childbearing age for its ability to prevent defects in the baby's developing brain and spinal cord.

TSRI study reveals workings of mysterious 'relief valve' that protects cells from swelling
Solving a long-standing mystery in cell biology, a team has shown how a key 'relief-valve' in cells keeps cells from taking in too much water and swelling excessively.

Enormous blades could lead to more offshore energy in US
A new design for gigantic blades longer than two football fields could help bring offshore 50-megawatt (MW) wind turbines to the United States and the world.

Oregon researchers document the work of leafcutter ants
Deploying multiple videos in a University of Oregon lab, scientists have documented never-before-seen views of leafcutter ants at work processing leaves and growing their food supply in their nests.

Patients admitted as weekend emergencies significantly older and more disabled
Patients admitted as medical emergencies at the weekend are significantly older and more dependent than those admitted to hospital on other days of the week, indicates a study of one major acute hospital, published in Emergency Medicine Journal.

Bed bugs develop resistance to widely used chemical treatments, rendering them ineffective
One of the most of the most widely used commercial chemicals to kill bed bugs are not effective because the pesky insects have built up a tolerance to them, according to a team of researchers from Virginia Tech and New Mexico State University.

Failing hearts use alternative fuel for energy
Findings suggest a new approach to treat early heart failure.

A diet dividend
Members of the Thomas Weimbs Lab demonstrate that reducing food intake in mice diminishes the growth of their polycystic kidneys

Oil fires in Libya continue
The oil refinery fires in Libya that were started by attacks on oil terminals in Libya in very early January continue.

Typical food triggers creation of regulatory T cells
IBS researchers document how normal diet establishes immune tolerance conditions in the small intestine.

Cherry-flavored e-cigs may deliver higher levels of benzaldehyde than other flavors
Cherry-flavored e-cigarettes may expose vapers to significantly higher levels of the respiratory irritant benzaldehyde than other flavors, suggests a laboratory study published online in Thorax.

Are some people more likely to develop adverse reactions to nanoparticle-based medicines?
The complement system, the human body's first line of defense against blood-borne intruders, is blamed for infusion-related reactions to nanomedicines, but the conventional models used to predict the risk of cardiopulmonary side effects in response to nanopharmaceuticals might not well represent what actually occurs in humans, according to an article in Nucleic Acid Therapeutics.

UTEP Computer Science Department develops award-winning interactive agent system
University of Texas at El Paso Professor of Computer Science David Novick, Ph.D., and his students have developed a system for virtual agents and an immersive interactive application titled 'Survival on Jungle Island.'

Bed bugs have developed resistance to neonicotinoids
A new study published in the Journal of Medical Entomology is the first to report that bed bugs have developed resistance to a class of insecticides known as neonicotinoids.

Smartphone app linked to increase in contraceptive use in India
A smartphone app containing motivational videos developed to help married rural women in India better understand contraceptive choices led to a dramatic increase in the number of women using modern family planning methods in just a few months, new Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs research suggests.

Unnecessary blood tests common before low-risk surgeries: Ontario study
Depending on which hospital you go to for your low-risk surgical procedure, you may be 2.4 times more or less likely to be sent for unnecessary blood tests.

Necroptosis: How crystals precipitate cell death
Crystal formation plays a defining role in the pathogenesis of a range of common diseases, such as gout and atherosclerosis.

New study indicates why children are likelier to develop food allergies
An estimated 15 million Americans suffer from food allergies, many of them children.

Renal hemodynamics and cardiovascular function in health and disease
The SRC will focus on unpublished work that is state-of-the-art in study of cardiovascular and renal disease and hypertension.

Small is different
In the production of margarine millions of tons of unsaturated fatty acids are converted from vegetable oils using hydrogen.

The brain communicates on several channels
The human brain uses several frequency bands for the flow of information between lower and higher areas

Octopuses shed their asocial reputation
Octopuses have generally been viewed as solitary creatures -- and their color-changing abilities primarily as a means to hide from hungry predators.

Anticholinergics may not be best choice for rehab patients with dementia
During rehabilitation following an acute hospital stay, medications that block neurotransmitters may be overprescribed to older patients suffering from delirium superimposed on dementia, according to health researchers.

Germs, humans and numbers
In research published today in the journal Cell, Weizmann Institute of Science research reveals that the average adult has just under 40 trillion bacterial cells and about 30 trillion human ones, making the ratio much closer to 1:1.

Giant gas cloud boomeranging back into Milky Way
Notre Dame astrophysicist Nicolas Lehner and his collaborators have determined that the Smith Cloud contains elements similar to our sun, meaning the cloud originated in the Milky Way's outer edges and not in intergalactic space as some have speculated.

Want to learn a new skill? Faster? Change up your practice sessions
When practicing and learning a new skill, making slight changes during repeat practice sessions may help people master the skill faster than practicing the task in precisely the same way, Johns Hopkins researchers report.

Protein folding in the cell
Proper cell function requires proper protein folding. Misfolding of specific proteins, caused either by mutation or environmental stress, underlies many human diseases, including cancer, diabetes, Parkinson's, Huntington's, and Alzheimer's disease.

Penn researchers use network science to help pinpoint source of seizures
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania's School of Engineering and Applied Science and Perelman School of Medicine are looking for ways to better pinpoint the anatomical source of seizures by looking at networks of electrical activity in the brain just prior to their onset.

Ancient Babylonians used geometry to track Jupiter
Analysis of ancient Babylonian tablets reveals that, to calculate the position of Jupiter, the tablets' makers used geometry, a technique scientists previously believed humans had not developed until at least 1,400 years later, in 14th century Europe.

Antarctic fungi survive Martian conditions on the International Space Station
European scientists have gathered tiny fungi that take shelter in Antarctic rocks and sent them to the International Space Station.

Adverse outcome pathways: Path to improved chemical tests without animals
A new paper published in Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, co-authored by the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, calls for ongoing development and regulatory acceptance of adverse outcome pathways (AOPs), a framework for improving chemical hazard assessment by prioritizing modern test methods that reduce animal use.

A cancer's surprise origins, caught in action
Researchers at Boston Children's Hospital have, for the first time, visualized the origins of cancer from the first affected cell and watched its spread in a live animal.

Why you won't lose weight with exercise alone
Exercise by itself isn't always enough to take off the weight.

They show that it´s possible to make use of over 80 percent of whey from cheese-making dairies
Making use of more than 80 percent of the whey produced at cheese-making dairies in the Basque Country and using it to produce foodstuffs for human and animal consumption is viable, as has been shown in the 'Valorlact' project funded by the European Commission's Life+ program.

Breakthrough enables ultra-fast transport of electrical charges in polymers
A research team at Umeå University in Sweden has showed, for the first time, that a very efficient vertical charge transport in semiconducting polymers is possible by controlled chain and crystallite orientation. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to