Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 01, 2016
Basic science disappearing from medical journals, study finds
A new study has found a steep decline in the number of scholarly papers about basic science published in leading medical journals in the last 20 years.

A uniter and a divider
A USC-led study of moral values reveals issues related to purity can determine how close -- or how far -- we want to be with someone in social and political circles.

When food alters gene function
In a new study on mice reported in Diabetes, scientists of the German Center for Diabetes Research led by Andreas Pfeiffer of the German Institute of Human Nutrition showed that the maternal diet influences fat and glucose metabolism of offspring through epigenetic alterations.

CRISPR/Cas9 therapeutic for tyrosinemai type I delivered to mice
A more efficient delivery of a CRISPR/Cas9 therapeutic to adult mice with the metabolic disease Tyrosinemia type I developed by researchers at UMass Medical School may also prove to be safer for use in humans.

Technique helps predict likelihood of migraines in concussion patients
Researchers are using a mathematical tool to help determine which concussion patients will go on to suffer migraine headaches, according to a new study.

Semantically speaking: Does meaning structure unite languages?
Using a new methodology that measures how closely words' meanings are related within and between languages, an international team of researchers has revealed that for many universal concepts, the world's languages feature a common structure of semantic relatedness.

Teachers reported moderate to major concerns prior to 2015 state testing
Prior to the first round of K-12 standardized testing under Common Core education standards last year, most teachers had moderate to major concerns about test difficulty and low student performance, according to new studies from the RAND Corporation.

Researchers develop concept for new sunscreen that allows body to produce vitamin D
For the first time researchers have developed a process for altering the ingredients in a sunscreen that does not impact its sun protection factor (SPF), but does allow the body to produce vitamin D.

Catalysts for heavy oil extraction developed at Kazan University
The catalysts speed up heavy oil extraction under the conditions of in-situ combustion.

Bright sparks shed new light on the dark matter riddle
The origin of matter in the universe has puzzled physicists for generations.

Can animals thrive without oxygen?
In 2010, a research team garnered attention when it published evidence of finding the first animals living in permanently anoxic conditions at the bottom of the sea.

Anti-bullying program focused on bystanders helps the students who need it the most
Many K-12 school efforts to reduce bullying have proven not very effective, leading educators to wonder what bullying prevention approach works best.

The secret of scholars who impact policy
A new study finds that stakeholder engagement about new environmental research is a better predictor of future policy impacts than perceived scientific credibility.

Genetics Society of America names Susan Celniker as recipient of George W. Beadle Award
The Genetics Society of America (GSA) is pleased to announce that Susan E.

Researcher warns US could see substantial impact of Zika virus
A researcher at Boston Medical Center and the Boston University School of Public Health warns that Zika virus could spread quickly to and potentially within the US.

NASA sees the end of Tropical Cyclone Stan over Western Australia
NASA's Terra satellite captured an image of Tropical Cyclone Stan on Jan 31 as it moved south through Western Australia and weakened to a remnant low pressure area.

Curing disease by repairing faulty genes
MIT researchers found that anew delivery method boosts efficiency of the CRISPR genome-editing system.

JPL researchers report on new tool to provide even better Landsat images
A team from the Jet Propulsion Lab describe in Optical Engineering a new imaging spectrometer design that could enable improved images from NASA's Landsat, for better understanding of phenomena, and environments as diverse as coral reefs, urbanization, tropical deforestation, and glaciers.

Sparse coverage hinders infertility treatment access
A newly published review article finds that use of infertility treatments in the United States, ranging from medicines to in vitro fertilization, is likely hindered by widespread gaps in insurance coverage of reproductive services and technology.

Research shows that pedestrians feel safer in streets illuminated with white light
This research, carried out by the University of Granada and published in Safety Science magazine, has analyzed the pedestrians' perceived safety and well-being when walking by streets with particular illumination types and levels.

New technique to find copper deposits
A geologist at the University of Exeter has developed a new and relatively inexpensive way to establish whether certain types of magmatic rocks are more likely to contain valuable metal deposits.

Sleep apnea linked with an increased risk of chronic kidney disease
New research published in Respirology suggests that sleep apnea may increase the risk of developing chronic kidney disease to a similar extent as hypertension.

Uncovering the financial ties of advocates for cancer drug approval
Speakers who nominally represent cancer patients at advisory meetings on new drugs often have financial ties with the company seeking marketing approval.

Turning down the volume on cancer
When the audio on your television set is too loud, you simply turn down the volume.

Chapman University publishes research on how the media influence perceptions of obesity
Researchers at Chapman University, UCLA, and Stanford have just published work on how news media coverage shapes perceptions of obesity.

Study suggests different written languages are equally efficient at conveying meaning
A study led by the University of Southampton has found there is no difference in the time it takes people from different countries to read and process different languages.

When loved ones battle cancer, families head to Web for information more than support
Loved ones of cancer patients are likely to search for further information about the disease online but less inclined to seek emotional support from social media forums, according to a University of Georgia study.

New hope for improved heart disease detection and treatment in type 2 diabetics
With approximately two-thirds of deaths among people with type 2 diabetes related to cardiovascular disease, a new report holds hope for improving the treatment of heart disease for one of the country's and the world's most at-risk populations.

Super Bowl celebrations spread flu according to Tulane researchers
A Tulane University study published in the American Journal of Health Economics found cities with teams in the Super Bowl see a rise in flu deaths.

Preventing cardiovascular disease in women -- one physician's approach to juggling the many guidelines
Nanette K. Wenger, M.D., Professor of Medicine (Cardiology) Emeritus, Emory University School of Medicine, provides a comprehensive perspective on how to apply the many new and continuously updated guidelines for preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and reducing CVD risk factors in women, in a clear and concise review article published in Journal of Women's Health.

Heart attack: Gender matters in predicting outcomes
Sex (biological and physiological characteristics) differences are increasingly being studied to assess symptoms, risk factors and outcomes for various diseases.

Helicopter parents take extreme approach to homework
A QUT study has revealed helicopter parents who take over responsibility for their child's homework can be doing more harm than good, especially as children get older.

Study shows time of hospital rounds for postpartum women impacts patient satisfaction
In a study to be presented on Feb. 6 at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, in Atlanta, researchers will present findings from a study titled, 'Routine versus delayed timing of morning hospital rounds for postpartum women on patient satisfaction: A randomized quality improvement trial.'

US Forest Service releases findings on the effects of drought for forests and rangelands
The US Forest Service today released a new report, 'Effects of Drought on Forests and Rangelands in the United States: A Comprehensive Science Synthesis,' that provides a national assessment of peer-reviewed scientific research on the impacts of drought on US forests and rangelands.

How does neurodevelopment affect diseases in adulthood?
A total of 48 doctoral candidates at FAU will conduct research in a new Research Training Group, GRK 2162 'Neurodevelopment and CNS vulnerability.' The Research Training Group, which will allow FAU to explore in a new direction, has been approved by the German Research Foundationfor an initial period of four and a half years, during which time it will receive 4.3 million euros in funding.

For older adults, serious depression symptoms increase risk for stroke and heart disease
In a new study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, researchers discovered that adults 65-years-old and older who had high levels of depressive symptoms had a greater risk for experiencing heart disease or stroke events over the 10 years of the study.

Lupus may contribute to pregnancy-related complications
A new study found that lupus during pregnancy may have negative health impacts for women and their babies.

With a broken circadian clock, even a low-salt diet can raise resting blood pressure, promote disease
In the face of a disrupted circadian rhythm, a low-salt diet and a hormone known to constrict blood vessels have the same unhealthy result: elevated resting blood pressure and vascular disease, scientists report.

Study finds significant cognitive impairment in adult survivors of childhood brain tumors
The most comprehensive study of its kind concluded that decades after treatment, brain cancer survivors show deficits in cognition, education and employment.

The benefits of chocolate during pregnancy
In a study to be presented on Feb. 4 at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, in Atlanta, researchers will present findings from a study titled, 'High-flavanol chocolate to improve placental function and to decrease the risk of preeclampsia: a double blind randomized clinical trial.'

Major storm events play key role in biogeochemistry of watersheds
A new Yale-led study finds that heavy weather events cause an inordinate amount of organic material to bypass headwater systems, pushing them downstream into larger rivers and coastal waters and inland basins -- with profound implications for water quality through the watershed.

The dose makes the poison: Opioid overdose study supports call for caution in Rx levels
When it comes to prescription painkillers, the difference between controlling pain and dying from an overdose may come down to how strong a prescription the doctor wrote, according to a new study in veterans.

Why do scientists chase unicorns?
Scientists chase unicorns because if they could prove the existence of the magical beasts, the world would be a better place.

Cancer cells travel together to forge 'successful' metastases
There's apparently safety in numbers, even for cancer cells. New research in mice suggests that cancer cells rarely form metastatic tumors on their own, preferring to travel in groups since collaboration seems to increase their collective chances of survival, according to researchers at Johns Hopkins.

Effectively predicting cesarean delivery in nulliparous women
In a study to be presented on Feb. 4 in an oral concurrent session at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, in Atlanta, researchers will present findings from the 'How to Predict Cesarean Delivery in the Nulliparous Patient: Results from the Prospective Multi-center Genesis' study.

Community lifestyle intervention reduces cardiovascular disease risk in diabetes patients
It took just 16 two-hour classes on the basics of a healthy lifestyle to substantially reduce cardiovascular risks associated with type 2 diabetes and elevated fasting blood glucose levels for 110 patients, according to a study published in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

Blood work: ONR-sponsored technology simulates how legs bleed
To make training for combat medics more realistic, researchers at the University of California Los Angeles have designed the first detailed computer simulation model of an injured human leg -- complete with spurting blood.

Study determines saliva gland test can spot early Parkinson's disease
Researchers from Mayo Clinic in Arizona and Banner Sun Health Research Institute have determined that testing a portion of a person's submandibular gland may be a way to diagnose early Parkinson's disease.

American and Cuban pediatricians to meet for the first time since normalization in Havana
For the first time since the US normalized relations with Cuba, a delegation of pediatricians co-led by Dr.

Study shows racial and ethnic disparities in use of 17-hydroxyprogesterone
In a study to be presented on Feb. 4 at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, in Atlanta, researchers will present findings from a study titled, 'Racial and ethnic disparities in use of 17-hydroxyprogesterone caproate for prevention of preterm birth.'

Traditional planting of fruit trees promotes animal diversity in the Mala
Traditional fruit gardens planted by indigenous communities in the Malaysian rainforest increase the diversity of the animals who make it their home, research has found.

Young African-Americans underestimate stroke risk, according to nursing study
Young African-Americans often hold a distorted view of their personal risk for a stroke, two nursing researchers at Georgia State University's Byrdine F.

Advice for preventing spread of Zika; news from Annals of Internal Medicine
In an article published in Annals of Internal Medicine, experts offer advice for preventing the spread of Zika virus in the West.

Drinking coffee may reduce the risk of liver cirrhosis
Regular consumption of coffee was linked with a reduced risk of liver cirrhosis in a review of relevant studies published before July 2015.

Physical parameters matter in terms of cancer cells' metastatic ability
The micro-environment surrounding cancer cells is just as important as genes in regulating tumor progression.

Gun deaths in US remain highest among high-income nations
When compared to 22 other high-income nations, Americans are 10 times more likely to be killed by a gun than their counterparts in the developed world.

Study validates two-protein test for spontaneous preterm birth prediction
In a study to be presented on Feb. 4 at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, in Atlanta, researchers will present findings from the Proteomic Assessment of Preterm Risk study with the title Clinical validation of a two-protein test for spontaneous preterm birth prediction in a large multicenter prospective study of asymptomatic women.

Does radiation therapy improve survival for women with ductal carcinoma in situ?
Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) and the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have found that a set of easily measurable risk factors can predict the magnitude of survival benefit offered by radiation therapy following breast cancer surgery.

Prehypertension in late pregnancy linked with underweight newborns, stillbirths
Women who develop prehypertension late in their pregnancies may be more likely to deliver underweight or stillborn babies than women whose blood pressure remains normal.

Study found adding azithromycin to standard antibiotic reduced infections in C-sections
In a study to be presented on Feb. 4 in an oral concurrent session at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, in Atlanta, researchers present findings from a study that looked at the benefit of using adjunctive azithromycin to prevent infections after cesarean delivery.

Unprecedented: Expedition recovers mantle rocks with signs of life
An international team of scientists -- recently returned from a 47-day research expedition to the mid-Atlantic -- have collected an unprecedented sequence of rock samples from the shallow mantle of the ocean crust that bear signs of life, unique carbon cycling, and ocean crust movement.

Switching light with a silver atom
Researchers working under Juerg Leuthold, Professor of Photonics and Communications, have created the world's smallest integrated optical switch.

A heat-seeking slingshot: Liquid droplets show ability to cool extremely hot surfaces
In results published today in Nature Physics, researchers in Hong Kong and at Lehigh University demonstrated that it is possible to exploit the Leidenfrost effect to control the direction and destination of liquid droplets on a surface and thus to cool it more efficiently.

Turning good vibrations into energy
A project at The Ohio State University is testing whether high-tech objects that look a bit like artificial trees can generate renewable power when they are shaken by the wind -- or by the sway of a tall building, traffic on a bridge or even seismic activity.

Increase in volcanic eruptions at the end of the ice age caused by melting ice caps and erosion
Researchers have found that glacial erosion and melting ice caps both played a key role in driving the observed global increase in volcanic activity at the end of the last ice age.

Topography shapes mountain biodiversity
A warming climate is likely to drive species to higher, cooler altitudes.

Study shows impact of sleep on gestational weight gain during pregnancy
In a study to be presented on Feb. 4 at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, in Atlanta, researchers will present findings from a study titled, 'Short and long sleep durations in pregnancy are associated with extremes of gestational weight gain.'

VUMC study may offer answers for treating depression in alcoholics
A study by researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center is offering a glimmer of hope to alcoholics who find it hard to remain sober because their abstinence is hounded by stubborn, difficult-to-treat depression.

Rate of abuse in organizations serving youth
The rate of abuse among children and adolescents by individuals in organizations that serve youth, including schools and recreational groups, was small compared with rates of abuse by family members and other adults, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Study documents drought's impact on redwood forest ferns
The native ferns that form a lush green understory in coastal redwood forests are well adapted to dry summers and periodic droughts, but California's current prolonged drought has taken a toll on them.

Does text messaging help with medication adherence in chronic disease?
Medication adherence in chronic disease is poor. Can telephone text messaging help with adherence?

Biodegradable fishing nets may help protect marine animals
New research shows that a biodegradable net material can be used to create nets that have similar catch rates as conventional nets but decompose after a certain period of time under water.

Cling-on warriors
An interdisciplinary group of researchers at UC Santa Barbara has taken strides in the development of an underwater adhesive that has the potential for a variety of biomedical and non-biological applications.

New stem cell model valuable tool for studying Andersen's syndrome
Successful reprogramming of muscle cells derived from biopsies of patients with Andersen's syndrome (AS) led to the formation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells that can serve as a valuable model for understanding the cause of this rare disorder and discovering novel therapies.

AHA, IBM Watson Health and Welltok team up to transform heart health
AHA will infuse cognitive computing, personalization and science-based standards into new workplace health offering.

Drug that could aid in vaccines activates innate immune system in novel way: UTSW study
A new drug with the potential to aid in vaccine development has been identified by researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center.

Targeting upper motor neurons to treat ALS
Scientists have demonstrated for the first time that it is possible to specifically modify gene expression in diseased upper motor neurons, brain cells that break down in ALS.

Noninvasive electrical stimulation may help relieve symptoms of PTSD and depression
A new study indicates that a noninvasive treatment that stimulates nerves through an electrical impulse many help patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression.

Study finds no link between subcortical brain volumes and genetic risk for schizophrenia
A new study evaluated the relationship between common genetic variants implicated in schizophrenia and those associated with subcortical brain volumes, and found no evidence of genetic overlap between schizophrenia risk and subcortical volume measures.

10-fold difference worldwide in new cases of, and deaths from, bowel cancer
There's a 10-fold difference worldwide in the numbers of new cases of bowel cancer and deaths from the disease, finds research published online in the journal Gut.

Scientific expedition to Antarctica will search for dinosaurs and more
An international team of researchers supported by the National Science Foundation will journey to Antarctica this month to search for evidence that the now-frozen continent may have been the starting point for some important species that roam the Earth today.

'BPA-free' plastic accelerates embryonic development, disrupts reproductive system
Companies advertise 'BPA-free' as a safer version of plastic products ranging from water bottles to sippy cups to toys.

MaxMind gives $100,000 to GW to create gene drive to eliminate schistosomiasis
MaxMind, an industry-leading provider of IP security and online fraud detection tools, has given a $100K gift to the George Washington University's Research Center for Neglected Diseases of Poverty to end schistosomiasis through gene drive technology.

Robotic fingers with a gentle touch
Soft electronics are changing the way robots can touch. EPFL Scientists have developed a new soft robotic gripper -- made out of rubber and stretchable electrodes -- that can bend and pick up delicate objects like eggs and paper, taking robotics to a whole new level.

Targeted antibiotics may help protect against infections in men being tested for prostate cancer
A new review indicates that antimicrobial therapy given before clinicians take transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsies to diagnose prostate cancer may lead to lower rates of sepsis, a potentially life-threatening infection.

Study on use of umbilical cord vs. biocellulose film for antenatal spina bifida repair
In a study to be presented on Feb. 5 in an oral plenary session at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, in Atlanta, researchers will present findings from a study titled, 'Cryopreserved Human Umbilical Cord (HUC) vs.

New tool for gauging public opinion reveals skepticism of climate engineering
Members of the public find the risks of climate engineering technology more likely than any of the benefits, according to an article published in the current edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Appalachia continues to have higher cancer rates than the rest of US but gap is narrowing
Men and women in Appalachia continue to have higher cancer incidence rates compared with those in the rest of the United States regardless of race or location.

Study strengthens evidence linking autism to maternal obesity-diabetes
Scientists show they can use electronic medical records and birth information to verify and strengthen an already suspected link between autistic children and pregnant mothers with obesity and diabetes.

Higher fitness linked to reduced risk of death after first heart attack
Researchers at Johns Hopkins and the Henry Ford Health System report evidence that higher levels of physical fitness may not only reduce risk of heart attacks and death from all causes, but also possibly improve the chances of survival after a first attack.

Bacteria critical to early immune development partly restored in infants born by C-section
By swabbing babies born by cesarean section with their mothers' birth fluid, researchers partially restored the mix of bacteria that coat a newborn's body when delivered vaginally.

New MRI technique offers faster diagnosis of multiple sclerosis
A new way of using MRI scanners to look for evidence of multiple sclerosis in the brain has been successfully tested by researchers at The University of Nottingham and Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust.

Experts cite multiple contacts for hepatitis C virus exposure in Ghana
West African residents have frequent opportunities for exposure to the hepatitis C virus, according to a comprehensive review in the journal PLOS ONE co-authored by infectious disease specialist Jennifer Layden, M.D., Ph.D., of Loyola University Medical Center and Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine.

Spin dynamics in an atomically thin semi-conductor
Researchers at the National University of Singapore and Yale-NUS College have established the mechanisms for spin motion in molybdenum disulfide, an emerging two-dimensional (2-D) material.

New model could solve inventory problem for retailers
Three professors in the Naveen Jindal School of Management have researched inventory management for more than 10 years, and, in their latest study, published in the January issue of Production and Operations Management, they developed a new mathematical model to apply to inventory problems.

New research replicates a folding human brain in 3-D
Understanding how the brain folds could help unlock the inner workings of the brain but the process has long remained a mystery.

Exact formula now available for measuring scientific success
Scientometrics research is the science of evaluating scientific performance. Physics methods designed to predict growth based on a scale-free network have rarely been applied to this field.

Study examines long-term effectiveness of hepatitis A vaccination in children
In a follow-up study of children who were vaccinated against hepatitis A virus at ages 6 to 21 months, most children who were vaccinated at 12 or 15 months continued to have anti-hepatitis A antibodies in their blood until at least age 15 to 16 years,

Tendency to stress easily in early adulthood linked to high blood pressure in later life
A tendency to become easily stressed during early adulthood is linked to a heightened risk of developing high blood pressure in later life, suggests a large study of military conscripts, published online in the journal Heart.

Lava flow crisis averted (for now)
Lava flow crises are nothing new on Hawai'i, where their destructive forces have been demonstrated repeatedly.

Teens are more caring when they feel support from others
Research from the University of Rochester finds that caring for others dips during adolescence.

Diversity of nature formulated
We humans are affecting nature to a greater and greater degree and this is contributing to the reduction of biodiversity globally.

Follow-up care low among adolescents with new depression symptoms
While most adolescents with newly identified depression symptoms received some treatment within three months, some of them did not receive any follow-up care and 40 percent of adolescents prescribed antidepressant medication did not have any documented follow-up care for three months, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

New research uses nanotechnology to prevent preterm birth
Using nanoparticles to engineer a special drug, a team of researchers has demonstrated in mice a new way to both reduce preterm birth and avoid the risks of medication in pregnancy to unborn babies.

Study links irregular sleep schedules to adverse metabolic health in women
A new study suggests that frequent shifts in sleep timing may be related to adverse metabolic health among non-shift working, midlife women.

Study shows increased risk of early mortality in women with hypertensive disease
In a study to be presented on Feb. 5 at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, in Atlanta, researchers will present findings from a study titled, 'Long-term mortality risk following hypertensive disease of pregnancy.'

Americans favor a tax increase to support the 'moonshot' cancer initiative
Vice President Joe Biden's 'moonshot' initiative to defeat cancer earns support for a tax increase to fund cancer research among half of respondents (50 percent) in a new national public opinion survey commissioned by Research!America.

Restructuring affects staff well-being regardless of job cuts
Restructuring in organizations has a mainly negative effect on the welfare of employees regardless of whether there are job losses, according to a new study involving the University of East Anglia.

Lung health study published in top respiratory journal
A team of investigators led from LSTM has published findings from a lung health study to determine the prevalence of lung disease among adults in Malawi, in the leading international respiratory journal, the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Long-term marijuana use associated with worse verbal memory in middle age
Marijuana use over time was associated with remembering fewer words from a list but it did not appear to affect other areas of cognitive function in a study of men and women followed up over 25 years, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Senior citizens may accept robot helpers, but fear robot masters
Senior citizens would likely accept robots as helpers and entertainment providers, but are leery of giving up too much control to the machines, according to researchers.

Imagining positive outcomes may bring pleasure now but pain later
Positive fantasies about how future events will turn out can boost your mood in the here and now, but they may actually lead to increased depressive symptoms in the long run, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

New tool provides successful visual inspection of space station robot arm
In October 2015, one of RRM's latest technological debuts, the Visual Inspection Poseable Invertebrate Robot, had an opportunity to move from the training camp of RRM to helping a real client.

Piecing together the cells elevator-like mechanism for sodium
Researchers from Stockholm University have pieced together how sodium is transported into and out of our cells.

Brexit could place British farming in jeopardy warns new report
The future of many UK farming businesses looks uncertain, according to a new report on the agricultural implications of leaving the EU written by a University of Warwick academic.

Greater weight loss during aging associated with increased risk for MCI
Increasing weight loss per decade as people age from midlife to late life was associated with an increased risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), according to an article published online by JAMA Neurology.

Transgenic plants' 'die and let live' strategy dramatically increases drought resistance
Purdue University researchers found that engineering plants to produce high levels of a protein known as PYL9 dramatically boosted drought tolerance in rice and the model plant Arabidopsis.

Genetic cause identified in rare pediatric brain tumor
Researchers found a way of differentiating angiocentric gliomas from other low-grade pediatric brain tumors and developed a pathological test that will help children avoid unnecessary and potentially damaging additional therapies.

Most vaccine-related posts on Pinterest are anti-vaccine, reveals research
75 percent of the vaccine-related posts on Pinterest are negative towards vaccination, according to research published in Vaccine.

The quantum fridge
Usually, ultra-cold gases are cooled by removing the hottest particles and waiting for the gas to thermalize again -- the particles exchange energy and a typical temperature distribution is restored.

RIT student team wins innovation award at SpaceX Hyperloop competition
An interdisciplinary team of undergraduates from Rochester Institute of Technology won a Special Innovation Award at the SpaceX Hyperloop Pod Design Competition held at Texas A&M University, Jan.

Study finds use of antenatal late preterm steroids reduces neonatal respiratory morbidity
In a study to be presented on Feb. 4 in the oral plenary session at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, researchers with the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Network found that the administration of antenatal steroids in pregnancies at risk for late preterm delivery prevents respiratory and other neonatal complications.

Planning for a disease outbreak? There's a game for that
Computer scientists and statisticians at Colorado State University are turning disease outbreak planning exercises into a game.

Evidence-based health care: The care you want, but might not be getting
As hospital leaders continue to feel pressure to improve patient outcomes and reduce costs, a new study reveals one reason why many organizations fall short.

Teen suicide: ADHD medication as prevention
Black-box warnings about the dangers of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications are confusing and could have serious consequences for the risk of youth suicide, according to researchers at the Institut universitaire en santé mentale de Montréal (CIUSSS de l'Est-de-l'Île-de-Montréal) and the University of Montreal.

Mount Sinai scientists take novel approach to restore the microbiome of C-section newborns
Scientists from the Icahn Institute for Genomics and Multiscale Biology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, collaborating with NYU Langone Medical Center and a multi-center team of researchers, demonstrated for the first time that the microbiome of newborn babies delivered via cesarean section (C-section) can be partially restored to resemble that of vaginally delivered infants.

Competition between mothers starts in the womb, new study suggests
Female mammals, including humans, may try to outcompete one another by producing bigger babies, ground-breaking research conducted by scientists at the University of Exeter has suggested.

Researchers identify potential targeted therapy for lung cancer using fly model
A drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration for melanoma in combination with a common cholesterol-lowering drug may show promise in controlling cancer growth in patients with non-small cell lung cancer, according to new research from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.

Sparing ovaries and removing fallopian tubes may cut cancer risk, but few have procedure
During hysterectomies for non-cancerous conditions, removing both fallopian tubes while keeping the ovaries may help protect against ovarian cancer and preserve hormonal levels, but few women receive this surgical option, according to a new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers.

Phone counseling found insufficient to help teen smokers stay quit into young adulthood
In a 14-year study involving more than 2,000 teen smokers in 50 Washington state high schools, a team of cancer prevention researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center has found that one year of telephone counseling using motivational interviewing and skills training delivered during the senior year of high school is insufficient to help the smokers quit and stay quit up to six years into young adulthood.

Rockland introduces melanoma cell lines in collaboration with The Wistar Institute
Rockland Immunochemicals, Inc. announces the availability of a new collection of human melanoma cell lines that have been developed and characterized over several decades at The Wistar Institute in Philadelphia.

Rapid formation of bubbles in magma may trigger sudden volcanic eruptions
It has long been observed that some volcanoes erupt with little prior warning.

Abnormal gene is a triple threat in driving pediatric brain tumors
Oncology researchers have discovered that an abnormal fused gene that drives pediatric brain tumors poses a triple threat, operating simultaneously through three distinct biological mechanisms -- the first such example in cancer biology.

Viral gene editing system corrects genetic liver disease in newborn mice
For the first time, researchers have treated an animal model of a genetic disorder using a viral vector to deliver genome-editing components in which the disease- causing mutation has been corrected.

Electrons and liquid helium advance understanding of zero-resistance
Study of electrons on liquid helium systems sheds light on zero-resistance phenomenon in semiconductors.

Long-term detrimental education effects of Spanish and French colonial systems revealed
Former colonies of France and Spain have been left with substantial negative effects on their education systems many decades after independence, a study has found.

Canada needs national body to set standards for coroners, medical examiners
Canada should create a national body to set and enforce standards for medically reporting death because no such body exists, argues an editorial in CMAJ.

Long-term global warming not driven naturally
By examining how Earth restores equilibrium after periods of natural warming, a study by Duke University and NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory reinforces that long-term global temperature does not evolve chaotically but remains stable unless pushed by external factors.

Disruptions to embryonic reprogramming alter adult mouse behavior
When the process of epigenetic reprogramming is defective in mouse development, the consequences in adulthood can include abnormal repetitive behaviors, Emory scientists have shown.

Does treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism in pregnant women impact IQ in offspring?
On Feb. 4, in the oral plenary session at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, Brian Casey, M.D. with the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and Maternal-Fetal Medicine Unit will present findings from a five-year follow-up study that looked at the treatment of pregnant women with subclinical thyroid dysfunction and whether, or not, that impacted the IQ of their children.

New invention revolutionizes heat transport
Scientists at Aalto University, Finland, have made a breakthrough in physics.

Man-made climate change helped cause south of England floods, say scientists
Human-induced climate change increased the risk of severe storms like those that hit the south of England in the winter of 2013-14, causing devastating flooding and costing several people their lives.

Higher dietary fiber intake in young women may reduce breast cancer risk
Boston, MA - Women who eat more high-fiber foods during adolescence and young adulthood--especially lots of fruits and vegetables--may have significantly lower breast cancer risk than those who eat less dietary fiber when young, according to a new large-scale study led by researchers at Harvard T.H.

UTA engineers finding uses for ultra-thin semiconductor lasers in medical, consumer fields
A new type of ultra-thin semiconductor laser under development at The University of Texas at Arlington can be integrated with mainstream electronics on the same silicon substrate with increased capacity and energy efficiency.

A better model for Parkinson's disease
Scientists at EPFL solve a longstanding problem with modeling Parkinson's disease in animals.

AAO-HNSF updated clinical practice guideline: Otitis media with effusion
About 90 percent of children have otitis media with effusion, or ear fluid, by 5 years of age.

Rice to receive $7 million from Houston Endowment for urban research
Houston Endowment has awarded $7 million to Rice University's Kinder Institute for Urban Research to greatly expand its research capacity and ability to help solve the most pressing challenges facing Houston and cities across the US Sun Belt.

Dominant ant species significantly influence ecosystems
Researchers at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) investigated the role of different ant species in various ecosystem processes in tropical rain forests.

New in the Hastings Center Report: Next steps for epigenetics, big data and informed consent, whatever happened to human 'experimentation,' and more in the January-February 2016 issue
Next steps for epigenetics, big data and informed consent, whatever happened to human 'experimentation,' and more in the January-February 2016 issue, available for free.

Emerald and gold: Two new precious-eyed endemic tree frog species from Taiwan
Two endemic tree frog species, not recognized by science until now, have been identified in broadleaf forests in the island country of Taiwan.

Scientists discover stem cells capable of repairing skull, face bones
A team of Rochester scientists has, for the first time, identified and isolated a stem cell population capable of skull formation and craniofacial bone repair in mice -- achieving an important step toward using stem cells for bone reconstruction of the face and head in the future, according to a new paper in Nature Communications.

New method can assess quality of centers performing colonoscopies
Colonoscopies are now a routine preventive diagnostic test for millions of Americans each year.

Cancer drug helps combat asthma in mice
In a mouse model of allergic asthma, dasatinib -- an enzyme inhibitor approved for the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia -- reduced inflammation, enhanced airway repair, and improved lung mechanics.

Future help for stroke patients with language problems
Brain researcher Karsten Specht from the University of Bergen has found a new method of analysis to distinguish between stroke patients with language problem.

A 'gap in the armor' of DNA may allow enzyme to trigger cancer-causing mutations
Research from Indiana University published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences has identified a genetic mechanism that is likely to drive mutations that can lead to cancer.

Two thirds of cattle attacks on people involve dogs, new study finds
Dog owners are being urged to remember to be vigilant with their pets when walking near cows in the countryside, following a new review into cattle attacks by the University of Liverpool.

Team-based treatment for first episode psychosis found to be high value
Coordinated specialty care for first episode psychosis is a cost-effective treatment compared to typical community care.

Living a 'mixotrophic' lifestyle
Some tiny plankton may have big effect on ocean's carbon storage.

Small ponds produce an outsized share of greenhouse gases
Tiny ponds play a disproportionately large role in global greenhouse gas emissions from inland waters, according to a new study by Yale's School of Forestry & Environmental Studies.

Land plant became key marine species
The genome of eelgrass (Zostera marina) has now been unveiled.

Coupling 2 'tabletop' laser-plasma accelerators: A step toward ultrapowerful accelerators
In an experiment packed with scientific firsts, researchers at Berkeley Lab's BELLA Center demonstrated that a laser pulse can accelerate an electron beam and couple it to a second laser plasma accelerator, where another laser pulse accelerates the beam to higher energy -- a fundamental breakthrough in advanced accelerator science.

New method for detecting and preserving human stem cells in the lab
A team of European scientists including researchers from the University of Bath has developed a method to detect naive-like stem cells in a cell culture and preserve them in the laboratory.

Global plant conservation's phase one: The world checklist of hornworts and liverworts
Although Charles Darwin himself voiced his intention to compile a complete catalog of all known plant species more than a century ago, such is yet to be realized.

Blood pressure medicine may improve conversational skills of individuals with autism
An estimated one in 68 children in the United States has autism.

Elsevier Foundation contributes $1 million USD in improving health information, research in developing countries
The Elsevier Foundation has launched a series of new programs to improve health information delivery, research ecosystems in developing countries, and diversity in science, technology and medicine; a total annual contribution of $1 million.

UTSA researcher receives $670,000 grant to fight malaria
Kirsten Hanson, assistant professor of biology at the University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), is the principal investigator for a $670,000 grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to develop novel liver-stage antimalarial treatments to stop the parasite that causes malaria before the disease is able to take hold.

Study develops new equation for estimating gestational age
In a study to be presented on Feb. 6 at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, in Atlanta, researchers will present findings from a study titled, 'The NICHD Fetal Growth Studies: Development of a contemporary formula for estimating gestational age from ultrasound fetal biometrics.'

Overtime and adding options led to auto recalls costing $167 million over seven years
A study of North American auto production over a seven-year period finds that using overtime and increasing the number of factory-installed options are positively associated with manufacturing-related recalls.

Effectiveness of influenza vaccine for pregnant women may differ by trimester
In a study to be presented on Feb. 5 in an oral concurrent session at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, in Atlanta, researchers will present findings from a study titled, 'T-follicular helper (Thf) cell expansion varies by trimester after influenza vaccination in pregnancy.'

Cincinnati Children's physician-researcher to receive 2016 E. Mead Johnson Award
Sing Sing Way, M.D., Ph.D., the Pauline and Lawson Reed Chair in the division of Infectious Diseases at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, has won the E.

A highway for spin waves
The success story of information processing by way of moving electrons is slowly coming to an end.

Insulin-like growth factor linked to hippocampal hyperactivity in Alzheimer's disease
A new Tel Aviv University study finds that the insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R), the 'master' lifespan regulator, plays a vital role in directly regulating hippocampal hyperactivity in the brain.

Exercise may help you survive a first heart attack
People who are fit are more likely to survive their first heart attack, according to a study of nearly 70,000 patients of Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

Unconventional superconductivity near absolute zero temperature
Researchers at the Goethe University in Frankfurt have discovered an important mechanism for superconductivity in a metallic compound containing ytterbium, rhodium and silicon.

Helping teens who self-harm and their families deal with shame and blame
Talking openly about blame and shame can benefit teens who self-harm, their families, and therapists, according to a new article.

Delivering genes across the blood-brain barrier
Caltech biologists have modified a harmless virus in such a way that it can successfully enter the adult mouse brain through the bloodstream and deliver genes to cells of the nervous system.

Olfactory receptors in the blood
Human blood cells have olfactory receptors that respond to Sandalore.

Infectious diseases cause significant emergency visits, hospitalizations for older adults
In a first-of-its-kind study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, researchers calculated that infectious diseases account for 13.5 percent of emergency room (ER) visits involving older adults -- a higher percentage than ER visits for heart attacks and congestive heart failure combined.

High-tech river studies reveal benefits of habitat restoration for fish
An emerging research method to gauge the benefits of stream restoration for salmon and other native fish is revealing improvements in fish numbers, survival and reproduction in key rivers across the Pacific Northwest, according to a new research paper describing the approach, known as intensively monitored watersheds, or IMWs.

Turtle soup, perchance? Prehistoric man had a penchant for tortoises
Tel Aviv University researchers, in collaboration with scholars from Spain and Germany, have uncovered evidence of turtle specimens at the 400,000-year-old Qesem Cave site, indicating that early man enjoyed eating turtles in addition to large game and vegetal material.

New research sharpens understanding of poison-arrow hunting in Africa
A comprehensive University of Kansas study of the hunting tradition of the San peoples of Namibia sheds new light on their use of beetle and plant poisons to boost the lethality of their arrows.

World is embracing clean energy, says University of Exeter professor
In a journal article published in Nature Energy today Professor Catherine Mitchell from the University's Energy Policy Group argues that investment in renewable electricity now outstrips that in fossil fuels, and that increasing numbers of policies to improve the efficiency of energy use and to make energy systems more flexible are pointing to a global momentum in the adoption of sustainable energy systems.

Shedding new light on breast cancer metastasis
It has long been thought that cancer metastasizes, or spreads, when a single cancer cell escapes from the original tumor, travels through the bloodstream and sets up shop in distant organs. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to