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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | February 02, 2016


Penn Nursing study answers: What's a good breakfast for kids?
A team of researcher concluded that a breakfast high in protein -- like eggs -- keeps children fuller longer than cereal or oatmeal, causing them to eat fewer calories at lunch.
Increased risk of bacterial infection if food is exposed to light
Listeria bacterium found in food, which can infect people and cause temporary gastro-intestinal distress, is a serious health risk for pregnant women and for people with compromised immune systems.
Fishing for answers about mercury consumption
A study lead by researchers from Rush University Medical Center has provided the first report on the relationship of brain concentrations of mercury to brain neuropathology and diseases associated with dementia.
Seafood consumption may play a role in reducing risk for Alzheimer's
New research published Feb. 2 in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that older adults with a major risk gene for Alzheimer's disease known as APOE?4 who ate at least one seafood serving per week showed fewer signs of Alzheimer's-related brain changes.
Greenland ice sheet releasing 'Mississippi River' worth of phosphorus
Not only is Greenland's melting ice sheet adding huge amounts of water to the oceans, it could also be unleashing 400,000 metric tons of phosphorus every year -- as much as the mighty Mississippi River releases into the Gulf of Mexico, according to a new study.
ADA presents guidance on managing diabetes in older adults in long-term care facilities
To ensure that this population receives proper care, the American Diabetes Association has issued its first position statement to address the management of diabetes in long-term care facilities, which include assisted living, skilled nursing and nursing facilities.
Listeria: Hypervirulent strains with cerebral and placental tropism
Researchers from the Institut Pasteur, Inserm, CNRS and Paris Descartes - Sorbonne Paris Cité University recently published a large-scale study in Nature Genetics based on almost 7,000 strains of Listeria monocytogenes -- the bacterium responsible for human listeriosis, a severe foodborne infection.
Flu tackles Super Bowl fans
A Cornell University economist and his colleagues have found the geographical areas that have an NFL team advance to the Super Bowl had an 18 percent spike in flu-related deaths among people above the age of 65.
Longer shifts for surgical residents are safe for patients
A new landmark national study showed allowing surgical residents the flexibility to work longer hours in order to stay with their patients through the end of an operation or stabilize them during a critical event did not pose a greater risk to patients.
Assessment of surgical danger when surgeons remove implanted small arms ammunition
In the paper 'Stratification of risk to the surgical team in removal of small arms ammunition implanted in the craniofacial region: case report', by Jonathan A.
Study suggests improvements in how mesothelioma is staged
A new study suggests that significant improvements could be made in the scoring system physicians use to estimate the stage (severity) of mesothelioma, an aggressive and deadly cancer.
SwRI-designed miniature spacecraft selected to fly on rocket's test flight in 2018
NASA announced that a miniature solar particle research spacecraft to be built by Southwest Research Institute® (SwRI) will launch aboard NASA's Exploration Mission 1 (EM-1) rocket in 2018.
Women more sensitive to irksome behavior than men
Women may be friendlier than men, but that doesn't mean they like putting up with jerks.
'Schizophrenia' does not exist, argues expert
The term 'schizophrenia,' with its connotation of hopeless chronic brain disease, should be dropped and replaced with something like 'psychosis spectrum syndrome,' argues a professor of psychiatry in The BMJ today.
Antiseptic baths to prevent infections deemed effective for long-term use
Long-term use antiseptic soap in bathing critically ill patients to prevent healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) did not cause high levels of resistance in bacteria on the patients' skin, according to a new study published online in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.
Drug does not significantly reduce duration of mechanical ventilation for COPD patients
Among mechanically ventilated patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and metabolic alkalosis, administration of the respiratory stimulant acetazolamide did not significantly reduce the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation, according to a study in the Feb.
The power of the LGBTQ language experience
Celebrating its 23rd year at American University in Washington, DC, Lavender Languages is North America's longest-running academic conference on language use in lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer life.
Greenland model could help estimate sea level rise
University of Alaska Fairbanks mathematicians and glaciologists have taken a first step toward understanding how glacier ice flowing off Greenland affects sea levels.
Project embeds computer science lessons in math instruction for K-5 students
A two-year project funded by the National Science Foundation is laying the groundwork for meeting society's growing demand for citizens literate in computer science by integrating computing with elementary school mathematics -- an approach that holds promise for democratizing access to computer science education and promoting diversity within the U.S. technology workforce.
2015 Carnegie Classification of more than 4,660 universities and colleges released
The 2015 edition of the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education is now available.
Emergency visits by youth for mental health, addiction rise by 32 percent over 6 years
Demand for child and youth mental health care has been steadily rising throughout the health care system in Ontario, Canada.
National politics shape the impacts of park law enforcement
Evidence from West African countries Benin and Niger suggests that more responsive governance can blunt the negative effects of law enforcement in national parks.
2016 AAAS/Subaru SB&F prizes honor science books about animals
Octopus researchers, the science of de-extinction, and chickens are the subjects of the winners of 2016 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)/Subaru Science Books & Film Prizes for Excellence in Science Books.
Gray treefrogs provide clues to climate change
According to NASA and the NOAA, 2015 was the hottest year on record.
Nature Materials: Smallest lattice structure worldwide
KIT scientists now present the smallest lattice structure made by man in the Nature Materials journal.
Vilcek Foundation honors prominent immunologist and young researchers of promise
The Vilcek Foundation announces the winners of the 2016 Vilcek Prizes in Biomedical Science: Dan R.
Antiperspirant alters the microbial ecosystem on your skin
Wearing antiperspirant or deodorant doesn't just affect your social life, it substantially changes the microbial life that lives on you.
Researchers discover a way to potentially decrease peanut allergen
In a recent study from the Journal of Food Science published by the Institute of Food Technologists, researchers from Ningbo Institute of Agricultural Sciences in China found that seed germination could reduce the allergen level in peanuts.
Clip-on device offers protection against mosquitoes that transmit Zika
A product called the OFF!® Clip-On™ repellent device could be an effective tool for preventing bites from the Aedes aegypti mosquito -- the primary vector of Zika, chikungunya, dengue, and yellow fever -- according to an article in the Journal of Medical Entomology.
Making the perfect nacho cheese (video)
Preparations are underway for the big game on Sunday. As Super Bowl 50 draws near, football fans are stocking up on cold beverages and hot treats, including fixin's for nachos.
International genome research partnership uncovers bed bug resistance to pesticides
A comprehensive analysis of the bed bug genome finds that their hardy makeup is all in the genes.
New Zealand's little penguins are recent Australian invaders
The little penguin species (popularly known as little blue penguins) found in southern New Zealand is a surprisingly recent invader from Australia, according to a new study led by University of Otago researchers.
Ship noise extends to frequencies used by endangered killer whales
When an endangered orca is in hot pursuit of an endangered salmon, sending out clicks and listening for their echoes in the murky ocean near Seattle, does the noise from the nearby shipping lane interfere with them catching dinner?
Pills for anxiety and sleep problems not linked to increased dementia risk
Taking benzodiazepines (widely used drugs to treat anxiety and insomnia) is not associated with an increased dementia risk in older adults, finds a study published by The BMJ today.
Building a foundation for CS for All
Computer science has become a new basic skill, essential in order to excel in an increasingly computational and data-intensive world.
Hummingbirds provide insight into food specialization across the Americas
A new study has mapped food specialization in hummingbird communities across the Americas, leading to a rare documentation of a large scale ecological pattern.
Seeing exemplary peer work can undermine student performance
From academic honors to 'employee of the month' awards, we are regularly exposed to and made aware of the exemplary performance of others.
Drug prevents key age-related brain change in rats
New findings shed light on the mechanisms of cognitive decline and identify potential strategies to stem it.
Online therapy can help those affected by body dysmorphic disorder
Internet based cognitive behavioral therapy can help people affected by body dysmorphic disorder, finds a study published by The BMJ today.
Research links prenatal stress to babies' health in war zones
Children from war-torn areas of the globe are affected by trauma even before they are born, according to a new University of Florida study.
UMN study identifies mechanism for drug target to help block HIV's ability to spread
UMN study identifies how RNA-based drug 5-aza-C blocks HIV's ability to spread by converting to DNA before infiltrating the virus.
'Snow' better way to clean coordinate-measuring machine probes
Manufacturers in search of the most effective, fast and green way to keep coordinate-measuring machine probes dirt-free and error-free should use a dry ice technique, known as carbon dioxide 'snow' cleaning.
First-semester GPA a better predictor of college success than ACT score
Underrepresented students' first-semester GPA may be a better predictor of whether they'll graduate college than their ACT score or their family's socioeconomic status, a new study by researchers at the University of Illinois found.
Parkinson's disease diagnosis may be preceded by increased risk of injury-causing falls
Years before Parkinson's disease is diagnosed, patients may be at higher risk for injurious falls or hip fractures, according to research published this week in PLOS Medicine.
Cell insight offers clues on biological processes linked to fertility
Congenital disorders such as Down's syndrome could be better understood, following new insights into how healthy cells are formed.
Adenosine deaminase may help the immune system fight HIV on its own
New research findings published in the February 2016 issue of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology, suggest that a new therapeutic strategy for HIV may already be available by repurposing an existing prescription drug.
Extending length of surgical trainees' shifts does not affect surgical patients' safety
Allowing surgeons in training, otherwise known as residents, the flexibility to work longer shifts than currently allowed in the US and/or take less time off between shifts to provide continuity of patient care is not associated with a greater risk to patients of early serious postoperative complications or death according to study results involving 117 US general surgery residency programs and 151 hospitals.
Height influences risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer
Scientists at the German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD) and the Harvard School of Public Health describe the relationship of the worldwide increase in height with the development of leading chronic non-communicable diseases in the journal The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.
Smooth hunters: How environmental awareness helped the Bushmen to poison their game
Being responsible for providing their food straight from nature, the San tribes of southern Africa, also called Bushmen, have found ways to evolve their hunting methods.
Genomic info may help researchers fathom bedbug insecticide resistance
The genetic makeup of bedbug skin plays a significant role in the pest's ability to resist insecticides.
Researchers sequence first bed bug genome
Scientists have assembled the first complete genome of one of humanity's oldest and least-loved, companions: the bedbug.
New galaxy-hunting sky camera sees redder better
A newly upgraded camera that incorporates light sensors developed at the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) is now one of the best cameras on the planet for studying outer space at red wavelengths that are too red for the human eye to see.
New light shed on anti-adhesive molecule in the vascular endothelium
Mass. Eye and Ear researchers describe the role of endomucin, a molecule that -- under healthy circumstances -- resists the adhesion of white blood cells as they move through the circulatory system.
A new alternative to sodium: Fish sauce
Findings of a study in the January issue of the Journal of Food Science, published by the Institute of Food Technologists, found that Vietnamese fish sauce added to chicken broth, tomato sauce and coconut curry reduced the amount of sodium chloride by by 10-25 percent while still maintaining the perceived deliciousness, saltiness and overall flavor intensity.
What goes wrong in the brain when someone can't spell
By studying stroke victims who have lost the ability to spell, researchers have pinpointed the parts of the brain that control how we write words.
MD Anderson shares in $13.4 million award to study treatment for low-grade DCIS
Researchers at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer will share in a funding award of $13.4 million with hopes of answering one of the biggest questions in the current management of breast cancer: do women with the earliest form of the disease, ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), need invasive surgery?
Is being a morning person in your DNA?
23andMe, Inc., the leading personal genetics company, today announced the results of one of the largest genome-wide association studies of its kind, identifying genetic variants associated with being a morning person.
Pilot training program to improve transgender competency among medical staff in an urban clinic
The widespread discrimination and mistreatment transgender individuals face in the health-care system could be alleviated with specialized provider training to increase knowledge about transgender health and needs, and to promote positive attitudes.
NJIT to partner with the Africa-America Institute to train STEM-focused professionals
The New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) will join The Africa-America Institute (AAI) and the East African Development Bank (EADB) as an institutional partner in a new scholarship program that will enable experienced teachers and lecturers to earn postgraduate degrees in science, technology, engineering and mathematics at the university to help build a skilled workforce in STEM fields in East Africa.
Sharpin emerges from the pack as a regulator of inflammation
it is normal -- in fact necessary -- for our immune system to occasionally fly into an inflammatory rage to defend the host (us) against pathogens or even tumor cells.
Exploring gambles reveals foundational difficulty behind economic theory (and a solution!)
Ole Peters and Murray Gell-Mann asked: Might there be a foundational difficulty underlying our current economic theory?
New drug target for Rett syndrome
Harvard Stem Cell Institute researchers have identified a faulty signaling pathway that, when corrected, in mice ameliorates the symptoms of Rett syndrome, a devastating neurological condition.
Geology 101
Geologist Arthur Sylvester's new highway guide explores the iconic features of the Southern California landscape.
A combined carbon and sugar tax could have environmental and health benefits
A combination of a carbon tax on food and a tax on sugary drinks in the UK could lead to health benefits, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and raise up to £3.6 billion revenue, according to research published in the open-access journal BMC Public Health.
Logging helps black rats invade rainforests
Logging can encourage black rats to invade tropical rainforests by creating habitats they prefer, giving them the chance to displace native mammals.
U-Idaho researchers: The US must address the 'wicked problem' of wildfire
The United States must make preparing for and adapting to wildfire a top national priority, says a team of University of Idaho researchers and their international partners in a paper published today in the journal BioScience.
Minority of cancer cells affect the growth and metastasis of tumors
New research shows that a small minority of cancer cells in neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas contribute to the overall growth and metastasis of the tumor.
Asia Pacific Biotech News' special coverage of Korean biotechnology
The Asia Pacific Biotech News (APBN), a monthly magazine based in Singapore, which offers comprehensive reports on the fields of pharmaceuticals, healthcare, and biotechnology, recently published a special feature on Korea's biotechnology research and development (R&D) programs.
NSF awards rapid response grants to study current El Niño, one of the strongest on record
El Niño: What effect will it have on weather, on flooding and landslides, and on economically important coastal ecosystems?
Charisma counts: Focus on great apes creates glaring research gaps in tropical Africa and Asia
Large national parks that are home to gorillas, chimpanzees and other great apes are focal points for much of the field research conducted in tropical Africa and Asia, resulting in crucial knowledge gaps and a biased view of broader conservation needs in those regions.
Researchers sequence bedbug genome, find unique features
The word bedbug conjures fear and loathing. Now, the genome sequence of the common bedbug reveals the mechanisms behind the pest's ability to resist insecticides and to mitigate rough sexual insemination practices, among other characteristics.
Study: Monsanto's glyphosate now most heavily used weed-killer in history
Monsanto's signature herbicide glyphosate, first marketed as 'Roundup,' is now the most widely and heavily applied weed-killer in the history of chemical agriculture in both the US and globally, according to a landmark report published today.
Rate of office visits, cumulative costs prior to colonoscopies for colon cancer screening
Kevin R. Riggs, M.D., M.P.H., of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, and colleagues analyzed billing data to determine the proportion of colonoscopies for colon cancer screening and polyp surveillance that were preceded by office visits and the associated payments for those visits.
Scientists create imaging 'toolkit' to help identify new brain tumor drug targets
Stopping the growth of blood vessels in tumors is a key target for glioblastoma therapies, and imaging methods are essential for initial diagnosis and monitoring the effects of treatments.
Improved vigilance of non-prescription medicine needed to reduce abuse, according to new survey
A cross-sectional survey has been used to estimate the prevalence of self-reported non-prescription medicine misuse, which has found that almost one-fifth of people could have misused medicines in some way over their lifetime.
Newly identified pathway links fetal brain development to adult social behavior
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, UCSF School of Medicine and other institutions have recently uncovered abnormalities in embryonic brain development in mice, including transient embryonic brain enlargement during neuron formation, that are responsible for abnormal adult brain structures and behavioral abnormalities.
New study finds simplified nutritional labels spur healthier choices in grocery stores
Looking at single number -- a score that represents the nutritional value of what's inside the packaging -- leads to healthier buying choices.
Higher levels of mercury in brain not linked with increased risk of Alzheimer's disease
In a study of deceased individuals, moderate seafood consumption was correlated with lesser Alzheimer's disease neuropathology, and although seafood consumption was associated with higher brain levels of mercury, the higher mercury levels were not correlated with more Alzheimer's disease neuropathology, according to a study in the Feb.
Medication effective in treating nasal polyps for patients with chronic sinusitis
Use of the medication dupilumab resulted in improvement of nasal polyps in patients with chronic sinusitis and nasal polyposis not responsive to intranasal corticosteroids alone, according to a study in the Feb.
News media registration open for ENDO 2016: The 98th Annual Meeting & EXPO in Boston, Mass.
Members of the media can now register to cover the latest advances in hormone health and science at ENDO 2016, the Endocrine Society's 98th Annual Meeting & Expo, in Boston April 1-4.
Scientists have put a high precision blood assay into a simple test strip
Researchers have developed a new biosensor test system based on magnetic nanoparticles.
Collagen and heparan sulfate coatings alter cell proliferation and attachment
This paper describes methods to optimize characteristics of cells grown in a lab using biomaterial coatings.
'Gene fusion' mutation uses 3-way mechanism to drive childhood brain cancers
A powerful, three-way mechanism by which a mutation drives the growth of childhood brain cancers, was discovered by scientists.
Teamwork across diversified companies gets a boost from equity incentives, Rotman research shows
Good salaries and cash bonuses are nice. But if businesses really want to get managers helping each other across divisions, they'll give them equity in the company as well, according to new research out of the University of Toronto's Rotman School of Management.
Misery of work second only to illness
British people are at their least happy while at work -- except when they are sick in bed -- according to researchers at the University of Sussex and the London School of Economics.
Novel nanoparticle made of common mineral may help keep tumor growth at bay
Engineers at Washington University in St. Louis found a way to keep a cancerous tumor from growing by using nanoparticles of the main ingredient in common antacid tablets.
Paper highlights best practices for omega-3 clinical trials with cardiovascular outcomes
A paper published last week in Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids sheds new light on recent neutral studies questioning the benefits of omega-3s for heart health.
Four new algae species discovered in Hawaii's deep waters
Scientists working with NOAA's Office of National Marine Sanctuaries announced the discovery of four new species of deep-water algae in Hawaii's Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument.
Maps of forests, fields and soils to aid climate change forecasts
Detailed maps of the world's natural landscapes could help scientists to better predict the impacts of future climate change.
Severe drought no longer caused just by nature
Scientists at the University of Birmingham are calling on drought researchers and managers around the world to consider both human activity and natural phenomena in their battle to preserve increasingly scarce global water supplies.
Inflammation attacks brain's reward center
A new study by Neil Harrison and colleagues published in Biological Psychiatry suggests that a brain reward center, the striatum, may be directly affected by inflammation and that striatal change is related to the emergence of illness behaviors.
Extracting rare-earth elements from coal could soon be economical in US
The US could soon decrease its dependence on importing valuable rare-earth elements that are widely used in many industries, according to a team of Penn State and US Department of Energy researchers who found a cost-effective and environmentally friendly way to extract these metals from coal byproducts.
Airway disorder among smokers associated with worse respiratory quality of life
Among current and former smokers, the presence of excessive airway collapse (in the trachea) during expiration is associated with worse respiratory quality of life, according to a study in the Feb.
Risk of lead poisoning from urban gardening is low, new study finds
A new University of Washington study looked at potential risks associated with growing vegetables in urban gardens and determined that the benefits of locally produced vegetables in cities outweigh any risks from gardening in contaminated soils.
Carbon dioxide captured from air converted directly to methanol fuel for the first time
Scientists have developed a method of converting the carbon dioxide in the air around us (not concentrated) directly into methanol, a fuel source.
With ravens, out of sight is not out of mind
The question of what sets humans apart from other animals is one of the oldest philosophical puzzles.
Autophagy -- a review of techniques
The third edition of 'Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy' was recently published in the leading journal Autophagy, featuring TGAC's Autophagy Regulatory Network resource and co-authored by Dr.
Lack of data increases risk to species' survival
Incomplete information is leaving many endangered species off conservation priorities.
Bed bug genome uncovers biology of a pest on the rebound
Purdue University researchers participated in a multi-institute project that sequenced the genome of the common bed bug, a blood-sucking insect that has reemerged globally as a hardy pest capable of withstanding most major classes of insecticides.
Using mathematics to improve human health
Scientists at the Universities of York and Torino have used mathematics as a tool to provide precise details of the structure of protein nanoparticles, potentially making them more useful in vaccine design.
Study examines response to sexual violence on campus
To address concerns over sexual violence on college campuses, higher education institutions are required to appoint a Title IX Coordinator to investigate incidents, but few are trained to deal with the broad range of offenses the job entails, a study by the Crime Victims' Institute at Sam Houston State University found.
Heliophysics CubeSat to launch on NASA's SLS
Just a bit bigger than a box of cereal, one of the first CubeSats to travel in interplanetary space will be NASA's miniature space science station, dedicated to studying the dynamic particles and magnetic fields that stream from the sun.
Pharmaceutical residues increasingly disrupt aquatic life: A hidden global change
Let's forget about the climate for a minute. Largely hidden from public view, another global change is causing increasing disruption.
New analysis shows insect diversity is nothing new
Insects are astonishingly diverse, accounting for nearly three-quarters of all named animal species living today, and their diversity is widely thought to have increased steadily over evolutionary time.
You can teach an old dog new tricks
Aging affects the cognitive abilities of dogs, as a recent study by the Clever Dog Lab of the Messerli Research Institute at the Vetmeduni Vienna shows.
Cooling with metal muscles: Engineers develop the refrigerator of the future
Cooling is a hugely important process in today's world. But how can cooling be carried out in future in a way that does not harm the climate and that helps to conserve natural resources?
Nobel Laureates highlight University of Michigan's Inaugural RNA Symposium
Five prominent scientists, including two Nobel Laureates, will share the stage on March 25, 2016, when the University of Michigan's Center for RNA Biomedicine holds its Inaugural Symposium in Ann Arbor.
Big data is transforming healthcare -- from diabetes to the ER to research
The ability to monitor, record, analyze, and integrate information about human biology and health, at scales ranging from molecular interactions to disease prevalence in large populations, is transforming biomedical science and human health.
Scientists map the genome of the common bed bug
A multi-institution team of researchers has successfully mapped the genome of Cimex lectularius, the common bed bug.
Uncommon surnames narrate the family history of those who bear them
In most societies, surnames are passed on from father to son, just like the Y chromosome.
NASA's ICESat-2 equipped with unique 3-D manufactured part
NASA's follow-on to the successful ICESat mission will employ a never-before-flown technique for determining the topography of ice sheets and the thickness of sea ice, but that won't be the only first for this mission.
New research shows each hour of sedentary time is associated with a 22 percent increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes
Each extra hour of daily sedentary time (for example spent sitting at a computer) is associated with a 22 percent increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, concludes new research published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes).
Front of package food labels do not mean a food is healthy
In the January issue of the Journal of Food Science study, published by the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), researchers from The Ohio State University and Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia examined and analyzed front of pack nutrition claims on more than 2,200 breakfast cereal and prepared meals released for sale between 2006 and 2010.
Study shows maternal diet alters the breast milk microbiome and microbial gene content
Breast milk contains a diverse microbiome that is presumed to colonize the infant gastrointestinal tract and contribute to the establishment of the infant gut microbiome.
Biomolecule's behavior under artificial conditions more natural than expected
Researchers often analyze isolated biomolecules in test tubes, and it is doubtful if the results can be applied to densely-packed cells.
Humans evolved by sharing technology and culture
New findings from Blombos Cave show that Stone Age man in Africa exchanged technology to a large extent.
Two AgriLife Research entomologists co-author bedbug genome mapping paper
Two Texas A&M AgriLife Research entomologists are among a team of some 80 international scientists whose work in sequencing the genome of the bedbug was published in the scientific journal Nature Communications on Feb.
Doctor raises serious questions about medical awards system
The system that awards national and academic honors to doctors is called into question by a senior doctor writing in The BMJ this week.
PharmaMar and STA sign licensing agreement for APLIDIN® covering Asian countries
PharmaMar today announced an agreement with Singapore-based Specialised Therapeutics Asia Pte, Ltd (STA) to market marine-based anti-tumor compound APLIDIN® (plitidepsin) for the treatment of hematological tumors in 12 Asian countries.
Ravens attribute visual access to unseen competitiors
Ravens anticipate what other ravens can see, cognitive biologists Thomas Bugnyar and Stephan Reber of the University Vienna found out in collaboration with the philosopher Cameron Buckner.
CWRU researcher developing portable method to detect tainted medicines and supplements
Fake or low-quality medicines and food supplements are an ongoing global problem in underdeveloped nations, although technology-savvy places, such as the United States, are also not immune.
Backing from their GP could lead thousands more to take bowel cancer test
Almost 40,000 more people might take a bowel cancer test in England each year if the letter inviting them to do so was endorsed by their GP.
North Dakota site chosen for test of nuclear waste disposal concept developed in Sheffield
The US Department of Energy (DOE) is investigating a safer, faster and cheaper method of disposing of high-level nuclear waste than the conventional mined repository planned for implementation in several countries, including the UK.
Risk of breaking a bone in childhood depends on where you live
The risk of a child breaking a bone can depend upon their ethnicity and where they live in the UK, according to a new study.
Open-access article on Mexican bean beetles offers control tips
An open-access article in the Journal of Integrated Pest Management provides information on the Mexican bean beetle and describes possible management strategies, including 'cultural methods' that can control this pest without insecticides.
Flu vaccine shows promise for reducing risk of influenza-associated atrial fibrillation
Influenza is significantly associated with an increased risk of new-onset atrial fibrillation, which could be reduced through influenza vaccination, according to new findings reported HeartRhythm.
Natural clay deposit may hold keys to defeating hospital infections
Researchers have uncovered potent antimicrobial activity in a natural clay deposit found on the central coast of British Columbia, Canada.
Effects on HIV and Ebola
Scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München discover that extracts of the medicinal plant Cistus incanus (Ci) prevent human immunodeficiency viruses from infecting cells.
Study shows North Atlantic Ocean CO2 storage doubled over last decade
A University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science-led study shows that the North Atlantic absorbed 100 percent more man-made carbon dioxide over the last decade, compared to the previous decade.

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