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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | February 03, 2016


Physical activity reduces risk of serious falls in older men
Older men who engage in regular physical activity experience far fewer serious fall injuries than those who do not, say Yale researchers.
This week from AGU: Volcanic eruptions, ocean carbon, quake fossils and new landslide video
This week from AGU are items on volcanic eruptions, ocean carbon, quake fossils and a new landslide video.
Carnegie Mellon joins IARPA project to reverse-engineer brain algorithms
Carnegie Mellon University is embarking on a five-year, $12 million research effort to reverse-engineer the brain, seeking to unlock the secrets of neural circuitry and the brain's learning methods.
Safeguarding sturgeon
Researchers at the University of Delaware are one step closer to developing an online map that would help Mid-Atlantic fishermen avoid catching Atlantic sturgeon.
IUPUI chemist receives $1.1 million for research, training of future minority researchers
Supported by an NSF CAREER award, Lisa M. Jones of IUPUI is developing a novel approach to study of cell membrane proteins in their native cellular environment -- work fundamental to gaining a better understanding of protein misfolding, which has been linked to life-limiting human diseases including cystic fibrosis.
'How much does it hurt?' For preschoolers, cognitive development can limit ability to rate pain
'Rate your pain on a scale of zero to ten' -- for most adults and older children, it's a simple concept.
Same switches program taste and smell in fruit flies
A Duke study helps explain how fruit flies get their keen sense of smell.
Breakthrough in generating embryonic cells that are critical for human health
Critical for human development and health, neural crest cells arise early in the development of vertebrates.
Research may explain mysterious deep earthquakes in subduction zones
Geologists from Brown University may have finally explained what triggers certain earthquakes that occur deep beneath the Earth's surface in subduction zones, regions where one tectonic plate slides beneath another.
Orangutans: Lethal aggression between females
Researchers have for the first time witnessed the death of a female orangutan at the hands of another female.
Russian scientists blow up ice to test their theories
What is the right and safe method to blow up ice on rivers, if a week ago the air temperature was about zero?
Researchers uncover new piece of the HIV puzzle
New research has revealed that a key immune system component -- innate lymphoid cells (ILC) -- is destroyed during acute HIV infection.
Model helps decide drug dose for clinical testing
A mathematical model may offer a valuable tool for selecting the proper dose of antiviral drugs for further testing in clinical trials.
Gender diversity in the boardroom key for LGBT friendly firms
Diversity in the boardroom is key to advancing lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT)- inclusive polices, finds a study published by SAGE in the journal Human Relations, in partnership with The Tavistock Institute.
Promising compounds against a cancer target
Advances in new treatments for diseases, including cancer, come about from innovative research with therapeutic potential.
Reduced anxiety and depression for women participating in women-only cardiac rehab programs
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death for women globally.
How variation in body size correlates with en-route migration performance of songbirds?
The researchers were interested in determining if body size influenced the migratory rates of the martins, so they collected detailed measurements on each bird before they released it.
New scaffold-free 3-D bioprinting method available for first time in North America
Cell Applications Inc. and Cyfuse Biomedical K.K. have announced that advanced tissue-engineering services are now available in North America using a groundbreaking new three-dimensional (3-D) bioprinting approach called the 'Kenzan Method.'
Study reveals how herpes virus tricks the immune system
Scientists have captured atomic images of the virus that causes cold sores in action.
Insilico Medicine selected to present at Cavendish Global Health Impact Forum
Forum uniquely brings together leading family offices, their foundations and sovereign wealth fund representatives seeking impact investment, grant-giving, and philanthropy opportunities within health and life sciences.
Hepatitis virus-like particles as potential cancer treatment
UC Davis researchers have developed a way to use the empty shell of a hepatitis E virus to carry vaccines or drugs into the body.
Anonymous browsing hinders online dating signals
Big data and the growing popularity of online dating sites may be reshaping a fundamental human activity: finding a mate, or at least a date.
Hackensack University Medical Center becomes the first health-care charter member of NJII
The New Jersey Innovation Institute, an NJIT corporation that applies the intellectual and technological resources of the state's science and technology university to challenges identified by industry partners, has announced that Hackensack University Medical Center (HackensackUMC) has become the first health-care charter member of NJII and a partner in its Healthcare Delivery Systems Innovation Lab (iLab).
Helping turn waste heat into electricity
At the atomic level, bismuth displays a number of quirky physical phenomena.
Journal publishes doctoral candidate's findings on beetle promiscuity
Elizabeth Droge-Young's research focused on four possibilities: that mating benefits the female beetles by providing them with moisture; with nutrients in the ejaculate; with proteins that support egg laying; or with additional sperm.
Use of and barriers to access to opioid analgesics worldwide
Use of common opioid painkillers such as codeine, morphine and oxycodone has more than quadrupled in Australia over the past decade and doubled worldwide over the same period a report published today in the Lancet by the International Narcotics Control Board reveals.
On the origin of Eukaryotes -- when cells got complex
Just as physicists comprehend the origin of the universe by observing the stars and archeologists reconstruct ancient civilizations with the artifacts found today, evolutionary biologists study the diversity of modern-day species to understand the origin of life and evolution.
Wayne State chemistry professor earns NSF CAREER Award to examine unusual chemical structure
Wayne State University's Jennifer Stockdill, Ph.D., assistant professor of chemistry in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, has been awarded a $650,000 National Science Foundation (NSF) Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award.
In the Southern Ocean, a carbon-dioxide mystery comes clear
Twenty thousand years ago, low concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere allowed the earth to fall into the grip of an ice age.
Clinical investigations of MRT are 'ethically permissible' if conditions met
Conducting clinical investigations of mitochondrial replacement techniques in humans is ethically permissible as long as significant conditions and principles are met, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.
CNIO scientists find new tumor markers for the prognosis of head and neck cancer
Researchers have found that these tumors can be classified into two types using the p21 and mTOR markers .
Parasitic ants alter how captive ants recognize nest mates
Enslaved Formica worker ants are more genetically and chemically diverse and less aggressive towards non-nest mates than free-living Formica ant colonies, according to a study published Feb.
Alzheimer's plaques found in middle-aged people with brain injuries
A new study suggests that people with brain injuries following head trauma may have buildup of the plaques related to Alzheimer's disease in their brains.
Greenland ice sheet releasing 'Mississippi River' worth of phosphorus
Not only is Greenland's melting ice sheet adding huge amounts of water to the oceans, it could also be unleashing 400,000 metric tons of phosphorus every year -- as much as the mighty Mississippi River releases into the Gulf of Mexico, according to a new study.
No proof that radiation from X rays and CT scans causes cancer
The widespread belief that radiation from X rays, CT scans and other medical imaging can cause cancer is based on an unproven, decades-old theoretical model, according to a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Oncology.
New study challenges Jupiter's role as planetary shield, protecting Earth from comet impacts
Not only is the 'Jupiter as shield' concept, implying that the planet shields Earth from comet impacts, not true, but perhaps Jupiter's most important role in fostering the development of life on Earth was just the opposite -- delivering the volatile materials from the outer Solar System needed for life to form.
Investigation casts doubt over trial used to support top-selling anti-clotting drug
An investigation published by The BMJ today raises new concerns about the top-selling anti-clotting drug, rivaroxaban (Xarelto).
Cause for hope: Secondary tropical forests put on weight fast
Half of the world's tropical forests are secondary forests, forests that are growing back after being cut or logged.
Investigating potential fetal exposure to antidepressants
Depression is a serious issue for expecting mothers. Left untreated, depression could have implications for a fetus's health.
Consensus statement from the International Radiosurgery Oncology Consortium for Kidney
Future Science Group today announced the publication of a new article in Future Oncology, presenting a consensus statement from the International Radiosurgery Oncology Consortium for Kidney for primary renal cell carcinoma.
Head injury patients develop brain clumps associated with Alzheimer's disease
Scientists have revealed that protein clumps associated with Alzheimer's disease are also found in the brains of people who have had a head injury.
Preventive surgery for women at high risk of breast and ovarian cancer
In a review article published in the Feb. 4 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, a pair of Mayo Clinic Cancer Center researchers provide an in-depth look at the issues associated with the care of women in families with hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome who have not yet developed cancer themselves.
Warming ocean may bring major changes for US northeast fishery species
NOAA scientists have released the first multispecies assessment of just how vulnerable U.S. marine fish and invertebrate species are to the effects of climate change.
Clean kitchens cut calories
Cluttered and chaotic environments can cause stress, which can lead us to grab more of the indulgent snacks -- twice as many cookies according to this new study!
Dove Medical Press commemorates 10th anniversary; Launches open outlook program
Open Outlook will launch at the beginning of February with a program for librarians, Open Access in Action, developed in partnership with Library Journal.
Media stereotypes fuel support for anti-Muslim action, new research shows
Iowa State University researchers found a link between negative media stories about Muslims and support for military action and restrictions against Muslims.
UT Dallas study: Most NFL arrests not for violent crimes
A new UT Dallas study suggests that NFL violence is not as common off the field as it may seem.
New insights into the function of the main class of drug targets
About 30 percent of all medical drugs such as beta-blockers or antidepressants interact with certain types of cell surface proteins called G protein coupled receptors.
Algae raceway paves path from lab to real-world applications
In a twist of geometry, an oval can make a line.
Organic agriculture key to feeding the world sustainably
Washington State University researchers have concluded that feeding a growing global population with sustainability goals in mind is possible.
Obesity and weight gain in HIV-infected adults on antiretroviral therapy: What's the harm?
The percentage of HIV-infected adults who were obese-body mass index >30 kg/m2-when they began antiretroviral therapy (ART) doubled over a 12-year period.
Scripps-led team discovers 4 new deep-sea worm species
In the Feb. 4 issue of the journal Nature, the Scripps-led researcher team describes four newly discovered species living near deep-sea cold seeps, hydrothermal vents, and whale carcasses off the coasts of California and Mexico.
NTU Singapore and BAE Systems to jointly develop next-generation cybersecurity solutions
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and BAE Systems have signed a $2.5 million partnership to jointly develop next-generation cybersecurity solutions in an era of rising cyber attacks.
Anxiety disorder 3 times more likely among older adults with COPD
The prevalence of past-year generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) for adults aged 50 and older with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is much higher compared to older adults without COPD (5.8 percent vs 1.7 percent), according to a new study published by University of Toronto researchers.
The frigid Flying Saucer
Astronomers have used the ALMA and IRAM telescopes to make the first direct measurement of the temperature of the large dust grains in the outer parts of a planet-forming disc around a young star.
Cochrane news: Have national smoking bans worked in reducing harms in passive smoking?
The most robust evidence yet, published today in the Cochrane Library, suggests that national smoking legislation does reduce the harms of passive smoking, and particularly risks from heart disease.
Study shows direct link between state spending habits and AIDS deaths
Despite considerable advances in the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS over the past 30 years, HIV infection rates have remained stagnant in the United States for the past decade.
Examining how terrestrial life's building blocks may have first formed
How did life begin? This is one of the most fundamental questions scientists puzzle over.
Smartphones for sensing
Simple, portable analytical devices are permeating into different aspects of our daily lives.
Brain formation pattern shows why early trauma may leave no clues
A NYU Langone study found that early nerve networks set patterns in the developing brain, but are then replaced by more mature networks that convert sensory information into thoughts.
High risk of falling -- an early sign of Parkinson's
Parkinson's patients have a higher risk of injurious fall and hip fractures already 26 years before a diagnosis according to a new cohort study at Umeå University in Sweden.
Chip enables navigation aids for the visually impaired
MIT researchers have developed a low-power chip for processing 3-D camera data that could help visually impaired people navigate their environments.
Smithsonian scientists discover butterfly-like fossil insect in the deep Mesozoic
Large butterfly-like insects known as Kalligrammatid lacewings, which fluttered through Eurasian fern- and cycad-filled woodland during the Mesozoic Era, have been extinct for more than 120 million years.
Ready for the high seas?
Carlos Duarte and colleagues at the KAUST Red Sea Research Center have sequenced and analyzed the genome of Zostera marina, a widespread genus of seagrass found in temperate waters of the northern hemisphere.
NIH scientists discover genetic cause of rare allergy to vibration
Scientists at the National Institutes of Health have identified a genetic mutation responsible for a rare form of inherited hives induced by vibration, also known as vibratory urticaria.
Researchers propose high-efficiency wireless power transfer system
Today, wireless power transfer (WPT) systems enable to charge electronic devices without plugging them into the wall, but rather by placing them on a special charging pad.
Significant changes in rhino bone health over 50 million years
While rhino species evolved and increased in size over 50 million years, their bones may have strained to support their massive and active bodies, according to a study published Feb.
Dove Medical Press and Library Journal launch a year-long program exploring issues in Open Access
Open Access in Action will take an in-depth look at the practical aspects of supporting Open Access, as well as examine the changes on the horizon for publishing and in particular, the Open Access model.
Skin infections rife among high school wrestlers, say CU Anschutz researchers
The first national survey of skin infections among high school athletes has found that wrestlers have the highest number of infections, with football players coming in a distant second, according to researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.
New research reveals how structure increases careful thought about decisions
The findings also suggest the lack of structure often found in impoverished environments can negatively impact judgment.
Modern microbial ecosystems provide window to early life on Earth
New research from a University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science-led science team provides new insight into one of the world's most diverse and extensive ecosystems of living microbes.
Scientists win $1.2 million to advance therapies for obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have been awarded nearly $1.2 million from the National Institutes of Health to create a series of drug candidates that advance more effective treatments for a range of conditions, including obesity, type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and muscle atrophy.
Participants in Personal Genome Project able to weigh risks and benefits of data sharing
In the first systemic investigation of participants' views on open consent in the Personal Genome Project, researchers found that greater transparency and full disclosure of the risks involved in public sharing of genetic and health data could encourage, rather than deter, participation in human research.
Which comes first: Self-reported penicillin allergy or chronic hives?
People who have self-reported penicillin allergy may have a three times greater chance of suffering from chronic hives.
Galactic center's gamma rays unlikely to originate from dark matter, evidence shows
Studies by two independent groups from the US and the Netherlands have found that gamma ray signals from the inner galaxy come from a new source rather than from the collision of dark matter particles.
Antarctic study identifies melting ice sheet's role in sea level rise
Loss of ice in Antarctica caused by a warming ocean could raise global sea levels by three metres, research suggests.
Nutrient deprivation kills kidney cancer cells
Duke researchers have exploited the greedy metabolism of cancer cells to target kidney cell carcinomas, which kill more than 100,000 Americans each year.
Nemmers Prize in Medical Science awarded by Northwestern
Dr. Huda Zoghbi, a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator and professor at Baylor College of Medicine known for her groundbreaking research on Rett syndrome and other neurological disorders, is the inaugural recipient of the Mechthild Esser Nemmers Prize in Medical Science at Northwestern University.
Why is calcific tendinitis so painful?
Calcific tendinitis of the shoulder, typically characterized by calcium deposits on the rotator cuff, is an extremely painful condition that can severely impair movement and life quality.
Energy from cellphone towers amplify pain in amputees, UT Dallas study finds
Study from researchers in the Erik Jonsson School of Engineering and Computer Science explains anecdotal and conflicting reports as to why some report pain around electromagnetic fields from cell phones.
Financial industry coping with issues of elder exploitation, cognitive decline
Protecting the wealth of older adults should be a high priority for banks, insurance companies, and others, according to the latest edition of Public Policy & Aging Report (PP&AR).
Nasal polyps can be treated with medicine dupilumab
The medicine dupilumab can improve nasal polyps in patients with chronic sinusitis that can't be helped by intranasal corticosteroids alone.
Parental depression negatively affects children's school performance
A study led by Drexel University researchers found that parental depression was associated with diminished school performance in children.
Penguin chicks huddle up for heat, protection
Location and environmental conditions may influence when gentoo chicks huddle in cold, wet Antarctic conditions, according to a study published Feb.
It's all about the timing: Fetal expression of core clock gene determines lifespan in mice
Abolishing the 24-hour clock by knocking out a key gene during development accelerates aging and shortens lifespan by two thirds in mice, but this effect is absent if the gene deletion is delayed until after birth, according to a new study,
Risk of premature death 9-fold among illicit drug users
Premature deaths are almost nine times more common among illicit drug users than among the general Finnish population, shows a new study from the University of Eastern Finland.
Intense work helped Michelangelo maintain use of hands despite osteoarthritis
Prolonged hammering and chiseling accelerated degenerative arthritis in the hands of Michelangelo Buonarroti, sculptor, painter and one of the greatest artists of all time.
DNA analysis of sandpiper feces reveals a broad diet
The researchers behind a forthcoming study in The Auk: Ornithological Advances have shown that semipalmated sandpipers on their annual stopover in Canada's Bay of Fundy eat a far broader diet than anyone suspected -- and they did it by analyzing poop.
New data reveals investors can't buy their way out of direct engagement with indigenous peoples
Six weeks after negotiators in Paris placed tropical forests at the centre of the global battle against climate change, experts at a London event said government resistance to recognition of local land rights threatens global prospects to stop deforestation and fuels conflict costly enough to repel investors.
Pace of new drug approvals rise -- and so do their price tags
Last year, more new drugs reached the market than in any year since 1996.
Discovery of the specific properties of graphite-based carbon materials
University of Tsukuba Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences Associate Professor Takahiro Kondo and Professor Junji Nakamura, in cooperation with Researcher Donghui Guo and Professor Susumu Okada of the same faculty, have shown from detailed measurements that in atomically flat areas of a nitrogen-doped graphite surface in the absence of external magnetic fields, Landau levels manifest corresponding to super strong magnetic fields of approximately 100 tesla across bilayer graphene.
NUS researchers turn paper waste into ultralight super material
A research team led by Assistant Professor Duong Hai Minh from the National University of Singapore's (NUS) Faculty of Engineering, has achieved a world's first by successfully converting paper waste into green cellulose aerogels that are non-toxic, ultralight, flexible, extremely strong and water repellent.
Will 2016 be a landmark year for COPD treatment?
Dove Medical Press, publisher of International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (IJCOPD), today announced the launch of Open Outlook: COPD, a year-long exploration of the horizon of COPD treatment.
Real time outbreak surveillance using genomics now possible in resource-limited conditions
New research published in Nature has shown how genome sequencing can be rapidly established to monitor outbreaks.
Routine antibiotics should be reconsidered for malnourished children
A new study suggests that the current recommendation to treat severely malnourished children with routine antibiotics does not increase the likelihood of nutritional recovery in uncomplicated cases.
Chip could bring deep learning to mobile devices
At the International Solid State Circuits Conference in San Francisco this week, MIT researchers presented a new chip designed specifically to implement neural networks.
Women are seen more than heard in online news
It has long been argued that women are under-represented and marginalized in relation to men in the world's news media.
Fruit flies adjust their courtship song based on distance
Outside of humans, the ability to adjust the intensity of acoustic signals with distance has only been identified in songbirds.
A violent wind blown from the heart of a galaxy tells the tale of a merger
An international team led by a researcher from Hiroshima University has succeeded in revealing the detailed structure of a massive ionized gas outflow streaming from the starburst galaxy NGC 6240.
Receptors inside nerve cells may be a key to controlling pain
In real estate, location is key. It now seems the same concept holds true when it comes to stopping pain.New research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.
Enzyme key to link between age-related inflammation and cancer
For the first time, researchers have shown that an enzyme key to regulating gene expression -- and also an oncogene when mutated -- is critical for the expression of numerous inflammatory compounds that have been implicated in age-related increases in cancer and tissue degeneration, according to new research from Penn.
Rhino, tiger and snow leopard DNA found in Chinese medicines
More should be done to stop the use of endangered species in traditional Chinese medicines, with snow leopard, tiger and rhinoceros DNA still being found in remedies, according to a leading University of Adelaide pathologist.
What's the impact of new marijuana laws? The data so far...
How has new legislation affected marijuana use in the United States?
Mixed signals: Study finds insect species use very different chemicals to identify queens
It had been thought that all ants, wasps and other eusocial insects used a common class of chemical compounds to distinguish queens from workers and other members of their colonies or hives.
Mayo Clinic researchers extend lifespan by as much as 35 percent in mice
Researchers at Mayo Clinic have shown that senescent cells -- cells that no longer divide and accumulate with age -- negatively impact health and shorten lifespan by as much as 35 percent in normal mice.
Indiana University paleobotanist plays role in discovery of 'Jurassic butterflies'
IU paleobotanist David Dilcher is a co-author on a study out today in the Proceedings of the Royal Society: B that identifies a Jurassic age insect whose behavior and appearance closely mimic a butterfly -- but whose emergence on Earth predates the butterfly by about 40 million years.
Phosphine as a superconductor? Sure, but the story may be complicated
Phosphine, one of the newest materials to be named a superconductor, was reported in 2015 to exhibit superconductivity when squeezed under high pressure in a diamond vice.
Jays and crows act as ecosystem engineers
A forthcoming review in The Condor: Ornithological Applications explores how oaks and pines depend on corvids, the group of birds that includes ravens, crows, and jays, to reproduce and spread -- and how birds may be the key to helping these valuable trees weather the challenges of habitat fragmentation and climate change.
Scientists discover how plants tailor growth to the seasons
The Nusinow Lab at the Danforth Plant Science Center studying plants' circadian clock have discovered a gene that allows plants to remember daylight during the long nights of winter.
Consistency of Earth's magnetic field history surprises scientists
Earth's magnetic field occasionally reverses its polarity--the magnetic north and south poles swap places.
Winning a competition predicts future dishonest behavior -- Ben-Gurion University researchers
'These findings suggest that the way in which people measure success affects their honesty.
Organic crystals allow creating flexible electronic devices
The researchers from the Faculty of Physics of the Moscow State University have grown organic crystals that allow creating flexible electronic devices.
Parental depression associated with worse school performance by children
Having parents diagnosed with depression during a child's life was associated with worse school performance at age 16 in a new study of children born in Sweden, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.
Surgical safety checklists associated with reduced risk of death, length of hospital stay
The implementation of surgical safety checklists (SSCs) at a tertiary care hospital was associated with a reduced risk of death within 90 days after surgery, but not within 30 days, according to a study published online by JAMA Surgery.
Purified cashew proteins lend insight into allergic reactions
It's well known that peanuts can cause severe reactions in people who are allergic, but research suggests that the risk of developing a life-threatening reaction could be higher for those allergic to cashews.
Whooping cough booster vouchers don't boost immunization rates of caregivers
A team of researchers evaluated the feasibility and impact of different interventions aimed at increasing the number of Tdap vaccinated caregivers.
Structure of brain plaques in Huntington's disease described by Pitt team
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have shown that the core of the protein clumps found in the brains of people with Huntington's disease have a distinctive structure, a finding that could shed light on the molecular mechanisms underlying the neurodegenerative disorder.
Host-guest nanowires for efficient water splitting and solar energy storage
California is committed to 33 percent energy from renewable resources by 2020.
Emergency blood transfusions for major trauma need to be more rapid and consistent
Only 2 percent of patients with life-threatening bleeding after serious injury receive optimal blood transfusion therapy in England and Wales, according to research led by Queen Mary University of London and NHS Blood and Transplant.
MU researchers receives kudos for program aimed at reducing nursing home hospitalization
The University of Missouri Sinclair School of Nursing today announced they are achieving leading results in their Missouri Quality Initiative for Nursing Homes, as reported in Project Year Three Final Annual Report, Evaluation of the Initiative to Reduce Avoidable Hospitalizations Among Nursing Facility Residents, released by Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS).
Researchers discover new phase of boron nitride and a new way to create pure c-BN
Researchers have discovered a new phase of the material boron nitride, which has potential applications for both manufacturing tools and electronic displays.
CNIC researchers discover a new target for the treatment of fatty liver disease
Two proteins, p38 gamma and p38 delta, control the accumulation of fat in the liver, a process linked to the development of insulin resistance and diabetes, which are common outcomes of obesity
Researchers develop hack-proof RFID chips
Researchers at MIT and Texas Instruments have developed a new type of radio frequency identification (RFID) chip that is virtually impossible to hack.
Practice makes perfect: Switching between languages pays off
The results of a study recently published by the Journal of Experimental Child Psychology show that bilingual children are better than monolinguals at a certain type of mental control, and that those children with more practice switching between languages have even greater skills.
Will climate change make the koalas' diet inedible?
The koala could soon be even more endangered than at present, if it turns out that climate change alters the nutritional value of the only food it can eat -- Eucalypt leaves.

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