Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 04, 2016
Harnessing the power of light to fight cancer
Immunotherapy is one of the hottest emerging areas of cancer research.

Phantom cell phone signals -- who hears them and why?
If you think you hear your cell phone ringing or feel it vibrating to signal an incoming call or message, but there actually is none, you may have 'ringxiety' and be psychologically primed to detect such signals.

Save the date: The International Liver Congress 2016
The International Liver Congress is the flagship, multi-disciplinary scientific event of the European Association for the Study of the Liver, which is attended by in excess of 10,000 delegates from around the world every year.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, February 2016
Batteries for grid, stationary uses get a boost with new technology; ORNL hosting neuromorphic computing workshop; ORNL part of team developing cleaner biomass cookstove; ORNL has key role in Critical Materials Institute work; Study of nanocrystal growth key to developing new materials; and US coastal populations face potential risks with climate change.

High insecticide resistance found in the flea vector for plague in Madagascar
Madagascar is one of the countries with the highest incidence of bubonic plague in the world.

Study suggests more effective speech therapy approach for children with Down syndrome
A new study indicates that children with Down syndrome who have motor speech deficits have been inadequately diagnosed, which could have a major impact on the interventions used by speech pathologists when treating patients.

Clemson scientist's research on tropical forests featured in the journal Nature
Clemson University scientist Saara DeWalt is part of a collaborative study of second-growth tropical forests in Central and South America that will be published Feb.

Regional and minority languages need better access to the digital world
Regional and minority languages are severely under-represented in the digital world.

The test that reveals cancer sooner
MorNuCo Laboratories' clinical trial, recently published in Clinical Proteomics, demonstrated the ability of a serum test to detect the presence of mesothelioma 4-10 years in advance of clinical symptoms.

Mites drive deformed wing virus in honeybees
A new analysis of one of the most widespread honeybee viruses, deformed wing virus, or DWV, shows that the virus has gone from an endemic to a global epidemic because of greater movement of a major vector, the Varroa mite.

Cohen Children's Medical Center study: Children on autism spectrum more likely to wander, disappear
A new study by researchers at Cohen Children's Medical Center of New York suggests that more than one-quarter million school-age children with autism spectrum disorder or other developmental disorders wander away from adult supervision each year.

Removing race from human genetic research
When it comes to studying human genetic diversity, a group of scientists, including Drexel's Michael Yudell, feel that the race concept has no place in human genetics.

Patent new methods that allow to identify the cells causing metastasis in cancer
Researchers from the University of Granada and the Andalusian Health Service belonging to the Centre for Genomics and Oncological Research have patented a new method that allows to identify the cells causing metastasis in cancer, with a simple blood analysis.

Non-invasive measurement of blood glucose possible
A group of researchers, led by Prof. Yuji Matsuura of Tohoku University's Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering, has developed a method of measuring blood glucose using far infrared light, which is both harmless and non-invasive.

New tarantula named after Johnny Cash among 14 spider species found in the United States
The tarantula, named after the famous singer-songwriter Johnny Cash, is only one of fourteen spider species recently discovered in the southwestern United States.

How gut inflammation sparks colon cancer
Duke biomedical engineers have shown how colon cancer development is intricately linked to a specific microRNA that dictates how cells divide.

The odor of stones
A recent study by Chemists of the University Jena (Germany) published in the current issue of 'Nature Communications' demonstrates that diatoms are able to trace silicate minerals in the water.

Improvised naloxone nasal sprays lack evidence of absorption and effect
Naloxone hydrochloride is a medication that can reverse the effects of an opioid overdose.

Graphene is strong, but is it tough?
Scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have developed the first known statistical theory for the toughness of polycrystalline graphene, which is made with chemical vapor deposition, and found that it is indeed strong, but more importantly, its toughness -- or resistance to fracture -- is quite low.

Gambling is associated with 'risk-taking behavior' in young teens, study finds
Gambling among young teens may be associated with increased use of alcohol, cigarettes, or marijuana according to a study that surveyed sixth- to eighth-graders in Italian schools.

Industry and academic leaders collaborate to launch new publishing platform
F1000Research will launch a new publishing channel that will encourage and facilitate open and transparent publication and discussion of confirmatory and non-confirmatory studies in the biomedical research sector.

How forest management and deforestation are impacting climate
Two new studies reveal how altering the composition of trees in forests is influencing not only the carbon cycle, but air surface temperatures to a significant degree as well.

Targeting the mind/body connection in stress
New Tel Aviv University research used cutting-edge brain imaging technologies to determine that the brain function responsible for regulating our stress response can also produce a personal profile of resilience to stress.

Meditation eases pain, anxiety and fatigue during breast cancer biopsy
Meditation eases anxiety, fatigue and pain for women undergoing breast cancer biopsies, according to researchers at the Duke Cancer Institute.

Greenland Ice Sheet is being shaped by its past
A stiff upper layer of ice that formed atop of the Greenland Ice Sheet during the Holocene era may be causing the deceleration of ice flow within, a new study suggests.

New material lights up when detecting explosives
Scientists have created a material which turns fluorescent if there are molecules from explosives in the vicinity.

FAU researchers and collaborators receive $2.8 million NIH grant
Researchers will work to define the mechanisms that govern how cells decide whether to become a mature cell or whether to die.

Huffington Foundation endows chair for Brené Brown, researcher, author of 'Daring Greatly'
The Huffington Foundation has endowed a new chair at University of Houston to honor the research professor who has urged her readers to dare greatly.

Helium beer: Prank or possible? (video)
Brewers usually fill their kegs with carbon dioxide or nitrogen.

Better quality of care may reduce risk of death for patients on opioid painkillers
Better quality of care may reduce the risk of death for patients who are prescribed opioid painkillers for chronic pain, say Yale researchers.

Plastic debris crossing the Pacific can transport more species with the help of barnacles
The smooth surfaces of much of the plastic waste rapidly increasing in the ocean appear to provide poor habitat for animals -- that is, until barnacles step in.

Stopping tumor cells killing surrounding tissue may provide clue to fighting cancer
Cancer cells kill off surrounding cells to make room to grow, according to new research from the University of Cambridge.

New clues to common and elusive KRAS cancer gene
One of the most common cancer-causing genes has continuously stymied researchers' efforts to develop treatments against it.

Team calls for integrated field research network in Midwest to address climate adaptation
To address the future challenges of climate change, a team of crop and climate scientists urge increased spending on agricultural research in the Midwest, and call for the creation of an integrated network of field research sites across the Midwest where data on the performance of current and future crops and cropping systems, as well as on-farm management practices could be gathered.

Connective tissue disease increases risk for cardiovascular problems
African-American patients with connective tissue diseases such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis are twice as likely as white patients to suffer from atherosclerotic blood vessels, which increase the risk of a heart attack, stroke or death.

Bone loss associated with leukemia therapy occurs sooner than previously thought
Investigators at Children's Hospital Los Angeles have found that significant bone loss -- a side effect of chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) - occurs during the first month of treatment, far earlier than previously assumed.

No Hib booster needed by vaccinated infants in Kenya
Children living in Kenya are well protected from life-threatening infections -- such as meningitis, sepsis and pneumonia -- caused by the bacteria Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), by the existing three-dose vaccine regime.

Do venture capitalists matter?
A new study co-authored by an MIT professor shows that venture capitalists do help startup firms by closely monitoring their development, and that the availability of direct airplane flights between the two parties helps improve that oversight.

SI Superheroes return with another weighty adventure (video)
'Mass Uncertainty' is the third and latest adventure from the League of SI Superheroes, the animated online series from NIST.

Incarceration of a family member during childhood associated with heart attacks in men
Men who as children experienced a family member's incarceration are approximately twice as likely to have a heart attack in later adulthood in comparison with men who were not exposed to such a childhood trauma, according to a study in the March Journal of Criminal Justice.

Health-care disparities contribute to delayed testicular cancer diagnosis in a transgender woman
A family physician reports the case of a transgender woman whose testosterone levels rose unexpectedly while on feminizing hormones, leading eventually to a diagnosis of a rare, virilizing form of testicular cancer.

Individuals' medical histories predicted by their noncoding genomes, Stanford study finds
Identifying mutations in the control switches of genes can be a surprisingly accurate way to predict a person's medical history, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have found.

Bears' seasonal hibernation linked to changes in gut microbes
Each year, as bears prepare to hibernate, they gorge themselves on food to pack on fat.

DNA evidence uncovers major upheaval in Europe near end of last Ice Age
DNA evidence lifted from the ancient bones and teeth of people who lived in Europe from the Late Pleistocene to the early Holocene -- spanning almost 30,000 years of European prehistory -- has offered some surprises, according to researchers who report their findings in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on Feb.

Harvard's Christopher Walsh wins Perl-UNC Neuroscience Prize
Harvard's Christopher Walsh wins the 16th Perl-UNC Neuroscience Prize for 'discovery of genes and mechanisms regulating human cortical development' from the University of North Carolina School of Medicine.

For pregnant women with flu, the earlier the better for antiviral treatment
Pregnant women are at higher risk for serious illness and complications, including death, from influenza.

[Video] Innovative alarm protects your bag
Leave your bag unattended without running the risk of it being stolen.

New science helps put spotlight on unseen global impacts
As the world grows more connected, 'out of sight, out of mind' looms as a perilous consequence of globalization.

A fast solidification process makes material crackle
Researchers from the Centre of Excellence in Computational Nanoscience at Aalto University and their colleagues at Brown University and the University of California, Irvine, have developed a theory that answers this question by combining for the first time the understanding of vibrations in solid material and the solidification of liquid at a microscopic level.

Study to develop new forensic methods for human DNA cases
Sam Houston State University was awarded a grant from the National Institute of Justice to develop and test the best possible sample preparation methods for skeletal and decomposing human remains using emerging next generation DNA technology to help identify missing persons or victims of mass disasters.

Taser shock disrupts brain function, has implications for police interrogations
New research from a first-of-its-kind human study by Drexel University and Arizona State University reveals that the burst of electricity from a stun gun can impair a person's ability to remember and process information.

Graphical display of nutrition information helps keep health-conscious eaters on target
In a time-constrained situation, such as standing in line at a cafeteria or restaurant, it can be difficult for consumers to quickly calculate and use numerical nutrition information -- beyond the amount of calories -- provided for menu items.

Turbulent times: When stars approach
Using new methods, astrophysicists from the Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies (HITS), Germany, simulate the common-envelope phase of binary stars, discovering dynamic irregularities that may help to explain how supernovae evolve.

Impact of high fructose on health of offspring
In a study to be presented on Feb. 5 in the oral session at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, in Atlanta, researchers will present findings on the effects of antenatal exposure to a high fructose diet on the offspring's development of metabolic syndrome-like phenotype and cardiovascular disease later in life.

NIST performs critical measurements for James Webb Space Telescope
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has accurately measured parts designed for the upcoming James Webb Space Telescope, the long-awaited successor to the Hubble Space Telescope.

Using steroids before late preterm delivery reduces neonatal respiratory problems
Researchers from Columbia University Medical Center and NewYork-Presbyterian have found that using corticosteroids in mothers at risk for late preterm delivery reduced the incidence of severe respiratory complications in their babies.

Lithium battery catalyst found to harm key soil microorganism
The material at the heart of the lithium ion batteries that power electric vehicles, laptop computers and smartphones has been shown to impair a key soil bacterium.

Mitochondria shown to trigger cell aging
Scientists have carried out an experiment which conclusively proves for the first time that mitochondria are major triggers of cell aging.

Mature drivers favor checks on over 70s, new study finds
The majority of older drivers are in favor of tighter rules on checking the health and suitability of over-70s to drive -- even if those checks could take them off the road themselves -- according to a new report.

A newly discovered form of immunity helps explain how bacteria fight off viruses
New research from Rockefeller University identifies two new enzymes in bacteria that help fight off infection at a later stage, after an invading virus has already begun to replicate.

Functional MRI may help identify new, effective painkillers for chronic pain sufferers
New research may allow new, more effective and safer pain medications to reach patients who suffer from chronic pain sooner.

UK's Pancreatic Cancer Research Fund announces third £1 million funding round
Six new research projects are being funded with a total of £1 million by Pancreatic Cancer Research Fund (PCRF) -- the UK's leading pancreatic cancer research charity -- bringing the charity's support for research into the this lethal cancer to over £8 million.

New tool for efficiently validating the accuracy of CRISPR-Cas9 reactions
IBS researchers create multiplex Digenome-seq to find errors in CRISPR-Cas9 processes.

How roots grow
Researchers at Goethe University Frankfurt found out: root shape of plants is determined by a combination of genetic predisposition and the self-organization of cells.

Study: Vacations can lead to weight gain, contribute to 'creeping obesity'
A week's vacation may leave many adults with a heavier midsection -- extra weight that can hang around even six weeks post-vacation.

Researchers hone in on why female newborns are better protected from brain injury
In a study published this week in the journal eNeuro, researchers at the Waisman Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, led by Pelin Cengiz, show that a particular protein found in the brains of both male and female mice is present at higher levels in females, which offers them stronger protection against one type of brain injury.

CRI develops approach for identifying processes that fuel tumor growth in lung cancer patients
Scientists at the Children's Medical Center Research Institute at UT Southwestern have pioneered a new method for conducting in-depth research on malignant tumors in patients, in the process discovering new complexities underlying cancer biology and overturning a nearly century-old perception about cancer metabolism.

Early poverty disrupts link between hunger and eating
How much you eat when you're not really hungry may depend on how well off your family was when you were a child, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Molecular switch lets salmonella fight or evade immune system
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have discovered a molecular regulator that allows salmonella bacteria to switch from actively causing disease to lurking in a chronic but asymptomatic state called a biofilm.

Design procedures of HVAC systems are best illustrated using worked examples
Design principles of HVAC systems, available in professional handbooks, are presented in a form that is easier for undergraduates to follow.

Scientists map movement of Greenland Ice during past 9,000 years
Scientists have created the first map that shows how the Greenland Ice Sheet has moved over time, revealing that ice in the interior is moving more slowly toward the edges than it has, on average, during the past 9,000 years.

UT study measures impact of removing Planned Parenthood from Texas women's health program
The public defunding of Planned Parenthood in Texas may have led to a decrease in highly effective forms of contraceptive services and an increase in Medicaid-paid childbirths among women who previously used injectable contraception, according to a peer-reviewed study by University of Texas at Austin researchers.

'On-ramping' paves the way for women scientists, engineers to return to academia
Pursuing scientific or engineering careers in industry, government or private research after getting a Ph.D. used to be considered a one-way ticket out of academia.

NASA measures 10 days of US extreme precipitation from space
For more than a week the weather over the continental United States has been punctuated by extreme events.

Two Penn professors call attention to the use of race in human genetic research
Two University of Pennsylvania professors are coauthors, along with two other scholars, on a perspective piece published this week in the journal Science that calls for an end to the use of genetic concepts of race in biological research.

Scientists overcome hurdles for champion racehorses
Scientists at Queen Mary University of London are a step closer to preventing the kind of injuries that affect aging race horses like champion hurdler Rock on Ruby, the winner of Coral Hurdle at Ascot in 2015.

Canadian physicists discover new properties of superconductivity
New findings from an international collaboration led by Canadian scientists may eventually lead to a theory of how superconductivity initiates at the atomic level, a key step in understanding how to harness the potential of materials that could provide lossless energy storage, levitating trains and ultra-fast supercomputers.

Bachelor's paradise: FSU researcher finds female turtles outnumbering males
Rising global temperatures may skew gender imbalance among the marine turtle population, according to new Florida State University research.

Syrian aid: Lack of evidence for 'interventions that work', say researchers
The lack of an evidence base in the donor-funded response to Syrian migrant crisis means funds may be allocated to ineffective interventions, say researchers, who call on funders and policymakers in London for this week's Syrian Donor Conference to insist on evaluation as a condition of aid.

Tuning macrophages a 'breakthrough' in cancer immunotherapy
A University of Colorado Cancer Center article in the journal Cancer Research describes 'tuning' macrophages from ones that repair wounds (and contribute to tumor growth) to ones that sterilize wounds (and contribute to the immune system's attack of tumor tissue).

John Innes Centre scientists disable infectious bacteria by removing key protein
Scientists at the John Innes Centre and the University of East Anglia have made an exciting discovery that could provide a new way to prevent bacterial infections in both humans and plants without triggering multi-drug resistance in bacteria.

Scientists bridge different materials by design
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have shown that it is possible to design and construct interfaces between materials with different structures by making a bridge between them.

Leading bugs to the death chamber: A kinder face of cholesterol
Cells of our immune system kill pathogens by enclosing them in a compartment called the phagosome.

C. diff study provides insight into antibiotic resistance and risks for infection
Exposure to specific antibiotics is linked to the development of certain strains of antibiotic-resistant C. difficile, one of the fastest growing bacteria superbugs, according to a new study published by Stuart Johnson, M.D., of Loyola University Health System, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine and the Hines VA Medical Hospital.

Predicting periodontitis at state and local levels in the United States
IADR/AADR have published an article titled 'Predicting Periodontitis at State and Local Levels in the United States' in the OnlineFirst portion of the Journal of Dental Research.

NET Research Foundation receives transformational gift for rare cancer research
NET Research Foundation receives $15 million gift from the Margie and Robert E.

Scientists take key step toward custom-made nanoscale chemical factories
Scientists have for the first time reengineered a building block of a geometric nanocompartment that occurs naturally in bacteria to give it a new function.

Hair thinning by stem cell loss
Why people lose their locks in old age may be related to the aging of hair follicle stem cells, two new studies suggest.

Scientists guide gold nanoparticles to form 'diamond' superlattices
Using bundled strands of DNA to build Tinkertoy-like tetrahedral cages, scientists have devised a way to trap and arrange nanoparticles in a way that mimics the crystalline structure of diamond.

Mesh-like scaffold is disordered in Alzheimer's-affected cells
A finding from the School of Medicine at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio offers a fresh insight into one of the earliest biological events of Alzheimer's disease and is expected to open new avenues of study.

Racial disparities in kidney transplant outcomes are narrowing
From 1990 to 2012, disparities in health outcomes lessened between black and white kidney transplant recipients, including those who received live donor kidney transplants and those who received deceased donor kidney transplants.

To prevent infection after C-section, chlorhexidine better than iodine
Chlorhexidine-alcohol skin prep is superior to iodine-alcohol for preventing infection after C-section, according to a new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Simple test allows for rapid diagnosis of preeclampsia
Researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center have found that a simple test can rapidly detect one of the world's most deadly pregnancy-related conditions, preeclampsia, which could have a major impact on global health.

Ancient wildebeest-like animal shared 'bizarre' feature with dinosaur
By poring over the fossilized skulls of ancient wildebeest-like animals (Rusingoryx atopocranion) unearthed on Kenya's Rusinga Island, researchers have discovered that the little-known hoofed mammals had a very unusual, trumpet-like nasal passage similar only to the nasal crests of lambeosaurine hadrosaur dinosaurs.

Some chronic viral infections could contribute to cognitive decline with aging
Certain chronic viral infections could contribute to subtle cognitive deterioration in apparently healthy older adults, according to a study led by researchers from the University of Pittsburgh and Johns Hopkins University.

UCI researchers link compulsive Facebook checking to lack of sleep
If you find yourself toggling over to look at Facebook several dozen times a day, it's not necessarily because the experience of being on social media is so wonderful.

Meaningful media may push altruism across bounds of race and age
People who watch meaningful entertainment may be more willing to lend a hand to people they consider different, according to researchers.

From genes to latrines: Vikings and their worms provide clues to emphysema
In a paper published today in Nature: Scientific Reports a group of researchers led by LSTM have found that the key to an inherited deficiency, predisposing people to emphysema and other lung conditions, could lie in their Viking roots.

New non-invasive form of vagus nerve stimulation works to treat depression
Depression can be a devastating and unremitting problem. Researchers of a new study published in the current issue of Biological Psychiatry report successful reduction of depressive symptoms in patients using a novel non-invasive method of vagus nerve stimulation, or VNS.

Metal oxide sandwiches: New option to manipulate properties of interfaces
A Franco-German cooperation has investigated a sandwich system of transition metal oxides at BESSY II.

Scientists find brain plasticity assorted into functional networks
Scientists had thought that most synapses of a similar type and in a similar location in the brain behaved in a similar fashion with respect to how experience induces plasticity.

Athlete passion linked to acceptance of performance enhancing drugs
The more of a certain kind of passion varsity athletes have for their sport, the more favourable their attitudes towards the use of performance enhancing drugs, or PEDs, according to a recent study.

Fecal analyses may lead to noninvasive diagnostics for inflammatory bowel disease
New research indicates that analyses of vapors from fecal samples can identify volatile metabolites indicative of different types of inflammatory bowel disease, including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.

Don't use body mass index to determine whether people are healthy, UCLA-led study says
Relying on body mass index (BMI), a numerical measure of a person's height and weight, as a proxy for health incorrectly labels more than 54 million heavy Americans unhealthy when they are not, UCLA psychologists report today in the International Journal of Obesity.

Tool decreases superfluous lab testing, cuts health-care costs
Physicians recognize that routine lab testing isn't necessary for all hospitalized patients.

Dogs accelerate the advance of new cancer treatments for both pets and people
A Science Translational Medicine review suggests integrating dogs with naturally occurring cancers into studies of new drug therapeutics could result in better treatments for our four-legged friends while helping inform therapeutic development for human cancers.

Study shows association among childhood ADHD, sex and obesity
The incidence of childhood and adult obesity has increased significantly over the past three decades.

Bee virus spread manmade and emanates from Europe
The spread of a disease that is decimating global bee populations is manmade, and driven by European honeybee populations, new research has concluded.

AGS guidance on diversity proves 'seeing' older patients is about more than seeing age
Developed by a committee of experts in ethnogeriatrics, 'Achieving High-Quality Multicultural Geriatric Care' outlines present health disparities and the need for sensitivity to culture and health literacy when working with older individuals.

Fighting flu with designer drugs: A new compound fends off different influenza strains
A study published on Feb. 4 in PLOS Pathogens reports that a new antiviral drug protects mice against a range of influenza virus strains.

NASA's James Webb Space Telescope primary mirror fully assembled
The 18th and final primary mirror segment is installed on what will be the biggest and most powerful space telescope ever launched.

UTHealth research looks at nanotechnology to help prevent preterm birth
Using nanoparticles to engineer a special drug, a team of researchers from McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) has demonstrated in preclinical trials a new way to both reduce preterm birth and avoid the risks of medication in pregnancy to unborn babies.

MyoKardia Science article demonstrates MYK-461 prevents and reverses disease in HCM mice
MyoKardia, Inc., a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company pioneering a precision medicine approach for the treatment of heritable cardiovascular diseases, today announced the publication of an article in the leading medical journal Science.

Battery technology could charge up water desalination
The technology that charges batteries for electronic devices could provide fresh water from salty seas, says a new study by University of Illinois engineers.

Light signals from living cells
In the current issue of Nature Communications, researchers from Goethe University report on a process that uses pressure to deliver chemical probes in a fine-tuned manner into living cells.

Southwest sliding into a new normal: Drier conditions
The weather patterns that typically bring moisture to the Southwest are becoming more rare, an indication that the region is sliding into the drier climate state predicted by global models, according to a new study.

The seawater temperature distribution in tropics affects the rainfall in East Asia
A wide swatch of Asia, from the tropics to the mid-latitudes, which has wet and dry seasons, is significantly affected by 'Asian monsoons.' The amount of rainfall in particular has a close relationship to agriculture and damage from flooding.

Half of the large carnivore attacks are due to the imprudence of human behavior
Close to 50 percent of large carnivore attacks on humans have involved risk-taking human behaviors.

Senior doctors expose 'scandal' of pacemaker battery life
The battery life of implantable heart monitors must be improved to reduce the need for replacement and the risks this carries for patients, argue two senior doctors in The BMJ today.

Potential new approaches to treating eye diseases
Potential new approaches to treating eye diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD) are described in a new study published in the February Journal of Experimental Medicine.

Breakthrough for magnesium lightweight materials
By changing the microstructure in magnesium alloys, Mohsen Esmaily, researcher in Atmospheric Corrosion at Chalmers University of Technology, has succeeded in improving possibilities for the transport sector to use these materials to decrease the weight of vehicles.

Emerging vascular risk factors in women: Any differences from men?
The incidence and severity of both traditional and emerging cardiovascular disease risk factors as well as the response to treatment may differ between genders.

Natural protein points to new inflammation treatment
Increasing the level of a naturally-produced protein, called tristetraprolin (TTP), significantly reduced or protected mice from inflammation, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health.

Is lignin the crude oil of the future? Maybe so, thanks to the Sun and photocatalysts!
We associate refineries with crude oil and a dense tangle of technical fittings.

Neurobiological changes explain how mindfulness meditation improves health
New research from Carnegie Mellon University provides a window into the brain changes that link mindfulness meditation training with health in stressed adults.

One step closer to commercial edamame production in the US
Despite a long history of growing grain soybean, most edamame consumed in the US is imported from Asia.

Diagnosis of rare bleeding disorder improved with super-resolution microscopy
Researchers from UCL, the National Physical Laboratory and the Royal Free Hospital have differentiated between patients with a rare bleeding disorder and healthy volunteers using super-resolution microscopy, providing an alternative method for accurately and cost-effectively diagnosing rare platelet diseases.

Antibiotic's killer strategy revealed
Using a special profiling technique, a team of researchers at Princeton have determined the mechanism of action of a potent antibiotic, known as tropodithietic acid, leading them to uncover its hidden ability as a potential anticancer agent.

Walking on water: USU researchers unravel science of skipping spheres
Skipping stones across the water surface can be tricky. So why is it so easy to get such impressive water-skipping performance from an elastic ball?

The evolution of Dark-fly
On Nov. 11, 1954, Syuiti Mori turned out the lights on a small group of fruit flies.

New made-in-NTU satellite technologies pass space tests
The two new satellites launched by Nanyang Technological University, Singapore two months ago have successfully completed their first space missions.

Stanford's GCEP awards $7.6 million for energy research
The Global Climate and Energy Project (GCEP) at Stanford University has awarded $7.6 million for research on advanced energy technologies for industrialized countries and the developing world.

Modelling how the brain makes complex decisions
Researchers have built the first biologically realistic mathematical model of how the brain plans and learns when faced with a complex decision-making process.

NASA team demonstrates loading of Swedish 'green' propellant
A NASA team has successfully demonstrated the handling and loading of a new-fangled, Swedish-developed 'green propellant' that smells like glass cleaner, looks like chardonnay, but has proven powerful enough to propel a satellite.

New edition of landmark neurology textbook
For 26 years, the classic neurology textbook Bradley's Neurology in Clinical Practice has been an essential resource for practicing neurologists and trainees.

Patients with macular degeneration show improvement with high-dose statin treatment
A phase I/II clinical trial at Massachusetts Eye and Ear found that some patients taking high doses of atorvastatin (cholesterol-lowering medication) had complete resolution of lipid deposits in the dry form of age-related macular degeneration.

Lack of research keeps end-of-life care in status quo
A University of Missouri School of Medicine researcher has found that only 10 randomized controlled trials have taken place in US hospices since 1985.

Management style affects quality of care and retention among nurses
A recent study shows that encouraging nurses to work towards a collective goal within a supportive milieu -- a style of management called transformational leadership -- can have positive effects on the quality of the care given to patients. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to