Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 09, 2016
Cutting prison sentences could reduce spread of HIV, study suggests
Reducing the number of men who go to prison could help curb the spread of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in a community, according to research published in Social Science & Medicine.

'Molecular movie' opens door to new cancer treatments
An international team of scientists led by the University of Liverpool has produced a 'structural movie' revealing the step-by-step creation of an important naturally occurring chemical in the body that plays a role in some cancers.

Paper: Homeownership a 'dream deferred' for millennial generation
Millennials face significant hurdles in their quest for homeownership, said Yilan Xu, a professor of agricultural and consumer economics at Illinois and co-author of a new paper examining homeownership trends among those born between 1980-2000.

The herbivore dilemma: How corn plants fights off simultaneous attacks
BTI researchers discover that when some maize varieties generate defensive compounds against caterpillars they become more susceptible to aphids.

WSU researchers see helpful protein causing cancer
Washington State University researchers have determined how a protein that helps cells fight viruses can also cause genetic mutations that lead to cancer.

Transdisciplinary Research and Practice Online Conference 'Connect-Universum-2016'
This time Connect-Universum invites researchers and practitioners who are interested in the phenomenon of digital nomadism as an object of philosophical evaluation and transdisciplinary research, as well as a way of living.

Temple professors use cadaver DNA to advance genetics literacy in medical curricula
Cadavers have long been one of the most important resources for anatomy teaching in medical school.

NASA data reveals tropical cyclone forming near Madagascar
The Global Precipitation Measurement or GPM core satellite and NASA's RapidScat instrument aboard the International Space Station have provided forecasters with data that shows System 96S, a tropical low pressure area in the Southern Indian Ocean, is consolidating and developing into a depression.

Benefits of re-growing secondary forests explored through international collaboration
A large international team of 65 forest ecologists from 49 institutions across 15 countries, including Yale-NUS College, has embarked on a collaborative research to show that secondary tropical forests which are re-growing after forest clearance or agricultural abandonment can sequester large amounts of carbon.

Protect your Chicago water heater against earthquakes? There's a better bet
Chicago homeowners, take note: you'll get a better return on your investment if you buy a lottery ticket when the jackpot is high, rather than pay to secure your water heater against earthquake damage.

New caddisfly species discovered in the Balkan biodiversity hotspot of Kosovo
The Republic of Kosovo turns out to be a unique European biodiversity hotspot after a second new species of aquatic insect has been described from the Balkan country.

An artificial diet may make it easier to rear insects
Raising insects for research can be difficult because members of many species are picky eaters, but Canadian entomologists have found a solution for rearing moths and possibly other insects.

Link between stress fracture injuries and genes found
In a paper published in The Official Journal of the International Purine Club University of Liverpool researchers have successfully identified how certain genes can contribute towards a person's susceptibility to stress fracture injuries.

Mysterious menominee crack is unusual geological pop-up feature
Seismologists studying a massive crack in the ground that appeared north of Menominee, Michigan in 2010 now think they know what the unusual feature might be.

UC's Arlitt Center awarded $1.6 million NSF grant
The great outdoors becomes a federally funded lesson in teaching and learning for preschoolers and their teachers.

Some heart drugs and antibiotics show effective in fighting cancer
North American researchers have identified drugs that showed promising perspectives in treating cancers, according to a recent study published in Cancer Research.

COPD may cause structural changes within the brain
A study published in the February issue of the journal CHEST found that patients with COPD demonstrated gray matter decreases in areas of the brain that process breathlessness, fear and sensitivity to pain.

BMJ provides Zika virus resources to support healthcare workers
BMJ is offering free online resources to support researchers, doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals to understand and respond to the global health emergency linked to the Zika virus.

Moscow gets rid off aerosols
A percentage of harmful aerosols in the atmospheric boundary layer over Moscow is gradually lowering, meteorologists of the Lomonosov Moscow State University stated.

Americans recognize 'past presidents' who never were, study finds
Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Franklin, Hubert Humphrey and some guy named 'Thomas Moore' are among the names that many Americans mistakenly identify as belonging to a past president of the United States, finds a new study by memory researchers at Washington University in St.

Childhood maltreatment predicts range of negative outcomes in bipolar patients
Child maltreatment could predict a range of negative outcomes in patients with bipolar disorder, according to new King's College London research, which adds to growing evidence on the enduring mental health impact of childhood abuse and neglect.

Climate change will delay transatlantic flights
Planes flying between Europe and North America will be spending more time in the air due to the effects of climate change, a new study has shown.

Columbia seminary professor to discuss biodiversity at AAAS Annual Meeting
Columbia Theological Seminary's William Brown, the William Marcellus McPheeters Professor of Old Testament, will present a paper at the AAAS 2016 Annual Meeting on 'Theological Reasons for Protecting Biodiversity.' The talk will be presented on Saturday, Feb.

Iowa State engineers develop hybrid technology to create biorenewable nylon
Iowa State's Zengyi Shao and Jean-Philippe Tessonnier are combining the tools of biology and chemistry to create new biorenewable products.

Tick genome reveals inner workings of a resilient blood-guzzler
An international team of scientists led by Purdue University has sequenced the genome of the tick that transmits Lyme disease, the most common vector-borne illness in North America.

Getting more miles from plug-in hybrids
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) can reduce fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions compared to their gas-only counterparts.

It doesn't 'get better' for some bullied LGBT youths
In the first study to examine the severity of LGBT bullying over time and its impact on mental health, researchers at Northwestern University found that while most LGBT teens are experiencing relief in bullying, about a third are experiencing severe victimizations.

Identifying plant and animal DNA switches much faster and cheaper
Ecological epigenetics has now been further advanced thanks to the development of a new research technique.

Penn Medicine 'brain road maps' reflect behavior differences between males and females
Differences in the neural wiring across development of men and women across ages, matched behavioral differences commonly associated with each of the sexes, according to an imaging-based study from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania published Feb.

Menominee Crack is an unusual geological pop-up structure
The mysterious crack that opened up in Michigan's Upper Peninsula first puzzled scientists.

Multilingual Universe from 'Mitaka'
The door to the digital Universe has been flung open!

A 'nudge' reduces doctors' unnecessary antibiotic prescription, study finds
A USC-led team of researchers have hope that behavioral interventions could help doctors slow the rise of treatment-resistant infections in hospitals and clinics, reduce adverse drug events in patients, and lower health care costs.

Oral capsule with bacterial spores may be effective treatment for recurrent C. difficile
A multi-institutional research team reports that treatment with an oral capsule containing the spores of approximately 50 species of beneficial bacteria successfully prevented recurrence of C. difficile infection in patients with a history of multiple recurrent disease.

Hunting pressure on forest animals in Africa is on the increase
Many populations of African animal species have dramatically decreased or already disappeared altogether.

Duplicate DNA a hallmark of tick genome
Researchers have sequenced the genetic blueprint of one of the most prolific pathogen-transmitting agents on the planet -- the Lyme-disease-spreading tick (Ixodes scapularis) that bites humans.

In autism, the social benefits of being a girl
Infant girls at risk for autism pay more attention to social cues in faces than infant boys, according to a Yale School of Medicine study -- the first one known to prospectively examine sex-related social differences in at-risk infants.

Tick genome reveals secrets of a successful bloodsucker
With tenacity befitting their subject, an international team of nearly 100 researchers toiled for a decade and overcame tough technical challenges to decipher the genome of the blacklegged tick (Ixodes scapularis).

Characterizing the smell of death may help rescue workers at disaster sites
Rescue workers searching for disaster survivors could use the smell of decomposition to decide what kind of rescue dogs to work with in the hopes of improving their chances of finding survivors.

Research shows weight loss and improved cholesterol levels with walnut-rich diet
A new study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association found that a diet containing unsaturated fats, such as those found in walnuts and olive oil, has similar weight loss effects as a lower fat, higher-carbohydrate diet.1 The research, led by Dr.

F1000Research launches rapid, open, publishing channel to help scientists tackle Zika
Following the World Health Organization's announcement that Zika-linked birth defects and neurological problems pose a global public health emergency, open science platform F1000Research has launched the Zika and Arbovirus Outbreaks channel.

Study compares outcomes at VA hospitals vs. non-VA hospitals
Among older men with heart attack, heart failure or pneumonia, hospitalization at Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals, compared with hospitalization at non-VA hospitals, was associated with lower 30-day all-cause mortality rates for heart attack and heart failure, and higher 30-day all-cause readmission rates for all three conditions, both nationally and within similar geographic areas, although absolute differences between these outcomes were small, according to a study in the Feb.

Common gene variant influences food choices ... for better or worse
A McGill-led research team has recently discovered that for girls who are carriers of a particular gene variant (DRD4 VNTR with 7 repeats), the crucial element that influences a child's fat intake is not the gene variant itself.

Penn researchers illuminate 'dark side' of the transcriptome
A new way of mapping the collection of RNA read-outs that are expressed by a cell's active genes has been devised to shed additional light on the role of RNAs in cells.

Air pollution exposure during pregnancy linked with asthma risk
Babies born to mothers exposed to air pollution from traffic during pregnancy have an increased risk of developing asthma before the age of six, according to new UBC research.

Robotically driven system could reduce cost of discovering drug and target interactions
Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University have created the first robotically driven experimentation system to determine the effects of a large number of drugs on many proteins, reducing the number of necessary experiments by 70 percent.

New study finds interruption of radiation therapy risks cancer recurrence
Cancer patients who miss two or more radiation therapy sessions have a worse outcome than fully compliant patients, investigators at Montefiore Einstein Center for Cancer Care and Albert Einstein College of Medicine's NCI-designated Albert Einstein Cancer Center have found.

Eye abnormalities in infants with microcephaly associated with Zika virus
Vision-threatening eye abnormalities in infants in Brazil with microcephaly (a birth defect characterized by an abnormally small head) may be associated with presumed intrauterine infection with Zika virus, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology.

The big dig: A global software solution for road, water and sewer repairs
Researchers have developed an innovative method of tracking the many issues involved with the repair and renewal of road, water and sewer networks.

Twisted X-rays unravel the complexity of helical structures
Since the discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals just over 100 years ago, X-ray diffraction as a method of structure determination has dominated structural research in materials science and biology.

Stronger evidence found for link between prenatal exposure to paracetamol and the risk of developing
Researchers have provided new evidence that developing asthma can be linked to pregnant women and infants being exposed to paracetamol; by testing that the association was not simply due to the medical complaint for which the person is taking paracetamol.

Ancient gene network helps plants adapt to their environments
A team at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory has discovered the purpose of a highly conserved genetic tool that is present in both mosses and flowering plants, organisms whose common ancestor dates back 450 million years.

UMass Amherst cyber security expert receives $580,000 grant to fight Internet censorship
Internet security expert Amir Houmansadr at the University of Massachusetts Amherst recently received a five-year, $581,458 CAREER grant from the National Science Foundation to combat Internet censorship by analyzing current censor-circumvention systems and designing a model that will lead to new anti-blocking tools.

New Iowa State research holds promise for diabetics with vitamin D deficiency
A simple change in diet could boost vitamin D levels for millions of Americans suffering from Type 2 diabetes, according to new research from Iowa State University published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.

Patient access to online health action plans enhances rate of preventive care
A large study demonstrated that health plan members who accessed their health information online and received timely alerts about potential gaps in care were more likely to receive preventive tests and screenings than those who did not use the service.

Social Internet-based activities important for healthy aging
Meaningful and Internet-based activities promote experiences of participation in society and are important for healthy ageing.

ASN develops blue ribbon Advisory Committee focused on ensuring trust in nutrition science
The American Society for Nutrition (ASN) has announced the creation of an Advisory Committee that will focus on ensuring the public trust in academic and professional scientific societies through best practices in scientific rigor and transparency.

Chinese male teens aren't smoking as much, Saint Louis University research finds
Chinese teenage boys who are born in more recent years are less likely to start smoking than those in previous generations, Saint Louis University researchers found.

Bacterial molecules discovered in processed foods could unlock key to healthier diets
University of Leicester discovery identifies harmful bacterial molecules in processed foods and how to prevent them from arising.

Study shows positive psychological effects of hormone therapy in transgender individuals
Transgender individuals may experience significant improvement in psychological functioning after as little as three to six months of hormone therapy, with improved quality of life reported within 12 months of initiating therapy by both female-to-male and male-to-female transgender individuals, according to an article published in Transgender Health.

Study shows promising safety results for anti-aging drug
A recent study published in the November issue of the journal Aging showed minimal metabolic side effects after continuous, long-term treatment with encapsulated rapamycin in a marmoset (monkey) model.

Evidence of a lipid link in the inherited form of Alzheimer's disease
Australian researchers have found biochemical changes occurring in the blood, in the rare inherited form of Alzheimer's disease.

Uncoding a citrus tree killer
A team of researchers led by a University of California, Riverside scientist has been awarded a $4 million grant from the US Department of Agriculture in an attempt to save the United States citrus industry from a disease that has already devastated the industry worldwide.

Native grass could be key to super-thin condoms
Working in partnership with Aboriginal traditional owners of the Camooweal region in north-west Queensland, the Indjalandji-Dhidhanu People, researchers from The University of Queensland have developed a method of extracting nanocellulose -- which can be used as an additive in latex production -- from the grass.

Find a partner who marches to the beat of your own drum
Everyone marches to the beat of their own drum: From walking to talking to producing music, different people's movements occur at different speeds.

Investigating the impact of 'big pharma': The SAGE Encyclopedia of Pharmacology & Society
How does the business of creating, selling, consuming, and regulating legal drugs influence contemporary society?

Alcohol-impaired driving crimes spike immediately after drinking age
A new study led by Northern Medical Program researcher Dr.

Johns Hopkins is first and only center in the United States approved for HIV-positive to HIV-positive organ transplants
Johns Hopkins recently received approval from the United Network for Organ Sharing to be the first hospital in the US to perform HIV-positive to HIV-positive organ transplants.

Alcohol offender program associated with drop in deaths, study finds
A widely copied alcohol offender program that has been shown to reduce DUIs and domestic violence has how been linked to a cut in deaths.

Researchers resolve longstanding issue of components needed to regenerate muscle
Findings clear path to devise new treatments for muscular injuries and dystrophies

Mathematician awarded £300,000 to study movement of wildebeest, reindeer and salmon
Dr. Colin Torney, a lecturer in the College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, is one of two UK-based researchers to have secured a grant from the US-based James S.

A fifth of car fuel-efficiency savings are eroded by increased driving
Around a fifth of the energy-saving benefits of fuel-efficient cars are eroded because people end up driving them more, according to a study into British motoring habits over the last 40 years.

Louisiana Tech University lecture series welcomes distinguished chemist, chemical biologist
Louisiana Tech University will host a presentation by Dr. Wilma K Olson, the Mary I.

Biologists find genetic mechanism for 'extremophile' fish survival
A Washington State University biologist has found the genetic mechanisms that lets a fish live in toxic, acidic water.

How stable is the West Antarctic Ice Sheet?
A future warming of the Southern Ocean caused by rising greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere may severely disrupt the stability of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet.

Starfish reveal the origins of brain messenger molecules
Biologists from Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) have discovered the genes in starfish that encode neuropeptides -- a common type of chemical found in human brains.

Smoking and inactivity lead to alarming rise in heart attacks among young Indians
An increase in smoking and physical inactivity in young adults in India has led to an alarming rise in heart attacks, doctors warned today at the 67th Annual Conference of the Cardiological Society of India.

Absorbing acoustics with soundless spirals
Researchers at the French National Centre for Scientific Research, CNRS, and the University of Lorraine have recently developed a design for a coiled-up acoustic metasurface which can achieve total acoustic absorption in very low-frequency ranges.

The universe's primordial soup flowing at CERN
Researchers have recreated the universe's primordial soup in miniature format by colliding lead atoms with extremely high energy in the 27 km long particle accelerator, the LHC at CERN in Geneva.

Engineering researchers use laser to 'weld' neurons
University of Alberta researchers have developed a method of connecting neurons, using ultrashort laser pulses -- a breakthrough technique that opens the door to new medical research and treatment opportunities.

Teaching neurons to respond to placebos as potential treatment for Parkinson's
Scientist have discovered a way to make neurons respond to a placebo (a medically ineffective treatment), in the same way as they would to medically effective treatment, according to a study published today in The Journal of Physiology.

President's 2017 budget proposes $1.2 billion for the USGS
The President's fiscal year 2017 budget request for the US Geological Survey reflects the USGS's vital role in addressing some of the most pressing challenges of the 21st Century by advancing scientific discovery and innovation.

Body temperature triggers newly developed polymer to change shape
Polymers that visibly change shape when exposed to temperature changes are nothing new.

Fall in one-to-one nursing care of very sick newborns linked to higher death rate
University of Warwick research indicates that a fall in one to one nursing care of very sick and premature new-borns is linked to a higher death rate in neonatal intensive care.

The Nullarbor Plain's ancient forests revealed
Australia's Nullarbor Plain is one of the driest landscapes in the country, but new research suggests it was once forest that received up to four times as much rain as it gets now.

Slime can see
After 340 years of looking at bacteria under a microscope, scientists discover that bacteria themselves can see, helping them move towards light for photosynthesis.

Elsevier launches landmark literature on India's healthcare reforms
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, recently announced the launch of Health Care Reforms in India: Making Up for the Lost Decade, an authoritative and incisive look at India's healthcare system from the perspective of Rajendra Pratap Gupta, an expert healthcare observer as well as an influential and respected voice on public policy, innovation and the economy.

Allergy shots effective for baby boomers suffering from seasonal allergies
A new study shows immunotherapy (allergy shots) for older patients reduced symptoms by 55 percent after three years of therapy, and decreased the amount of medication needed for relief of symptoms by 64 percent.

Inland fisheries determined to surface as food powerhouse
No longer satisfied to be washed out by epic seas and vast oceans, the world's lakes, rivers, streams, canals, reservoirs and other land-locked waters continue a push to be recognized -- and properly managed -- as a global food security powerhouse.

Alleviating malnutrition in children in resource-limited and conflict areas
In 2 articles published this week in PLOS Medicine, Saskia van der Kam of Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and colleagues describe the outcomes of two randomised controlled trials in resource-limited settings to determine if the vicious cycle between childhood illness and malnutrition could be broken with a brief period of food supplementation during recovery from illness.

Behind the levees
The long-term damage of levees can be far worse for those living behind them than if those levees were not there, a UC Davis case study of the Sny Island levee district found.

Scientists discover how breast cancer cells spread from blood vessels
Researchers have identified a protein that controls how breast cancer cells spread around the body.

A new home - but with no medical home? Study of immigrants' kids with special health needs
They may have made America their new home, but immigrants whose children have special medical needs appear to be having trouble finding a true 'medical home' for their child, a new study finds.

Fossils turn out to be a rich source of information
For more than 70 years, fossilized arthropods from Quercy, France, were almost completely neglected because they appeared to be poorly preserved.

Scientists discover hidden galaxies behind the Milky Way
Hundreds of hidden nearby galaxies have been studied for the first time, shedding light on a mysterious gravitational anomaly dubbed the Great Attractor.

Pain Medicine joins the Oxford University Press journals program
Oxford University Press is pleased to announce its partnership with the American Academy of Pain Medicine, the Spine Intervention Society, and the Faculty of Pain Medicine of the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists, to exclusively publish Pain Medicine.

Superconductivity: Footballs with no resistance
Indications of light-induced lossless electricity transmission in fullerenes contribute to the search for superconducting materials for practical applications

New thin film transistor may lead to flexible devices
An engineering research team at the University of Alberta has invented a new transistor that could revolutionize thin-film electronic devices.

Humans have always been migrants
A short animated film commissioned by two University of Kent historians challenges the concept that migration at current levels is a new phenomenon.

Materials scientist Mark Miodownik receives 2015 AAAS Public Engagement with Science Award
The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) has named Mark Miodownik the recipient of the 2015 AAAS Public Engagement with Science Award, recognizing 'his enthusiastic and successful commitment to public engagement, igniting a sense of wonder about the world by unveiling the interplay between science, engineering, and the society.'

Breeding wildness back into our fruit and veg
New findings suggest we need to 'breed some wildness back into' our fruit and veg after scientists show wild tomatoes are better able to protect themselves against whitefly than our modern, commercial varieties.

New guideline for treatment of prolonged seizures in children and adults
Status epilepticus -- continuous or rapid sequential seizure activity for 30 minutes or more -- is a medical emergency with a high mortality rate in both children and adults.

Rare bumble bee may be making a comeback in Pacific northwest
Bombus occidentalis used to be the most common bumble bee species in the Pacific Northwest, but in the mid 1990s it became one of the rarest.

Engage with the world's brightest mathematicians and computer scientists in Heidelberg!
This September, recipients of the ACM A.M. Turing Award, the Fields Medal, the Nevanlinna Prize and the Abel Prize gather in Heidelberg to meet with 200 young researchers from all over the world at the 4th Heidelberg Laureate Forum (HLF).

Higher nurse to patient ratio linked to reduced risk of inpatient death
A higher nurse to patient ratio is linked to a reduced risk of inpatient death, finds a study of staffing levels in NHS hospitals, published in the online journal BMJ Open.

'A word's worth more than a thousand pictures' according to FAU study on young children
It is widely known that 'a picture is worth a thousand words.' But a new study by researchers at Florida Atlantic University begs to differ when it comes to young children.

Ghost imaging in the time domain could revolutionize disturbance-sensitive signal imaging
Research results recently presented in the distinguished Nature Photonics journal open up new outlooks on ghost imaging in the time domain.

Children with special health care needs and their families have high food insecurity risk
Low-income families with children who have special health care needs are at high risk for food insecurity, even when they receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and participate in public assistance programs, such as Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and Women, Infants, and Children (WIC).

Fall in one-to-one nursing care of very sick newborns linked to higher death rate
A fall in the provision of one to one nursing care of very sick and premature newborns is linked to a higher death rate in neonatal intensive care, finds research published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood (Fetal & Neonatal Edition).

Study: Carbon reductions won't hinder Chinese growth
A new study co-authored by an MIT professor shows that China's new efforts to price carbon could lower the country's carbon dioxide emissions significantly without impeding economic development over the next three decades.

Cells with an incorrect number of chromosomes lead to tumor development
A study conducted at IRB Barcelona on the fly Drosophila reveals how surviving aneuploid cells favor tumor development.

Wound-healing intestinal bacteria: Like shrubs after a forest fire
In injured mouse intestines, specific types of bacteria step forward to promote healing, Emory scientists have found.

Unrest and eruptions
Seismic, deformation, and gas activity (unrest) typically precedes volcanic eruptions.

Task-oriented rehab program does not result in greater recovery from stroke
The use of a structured, task-oriented rehabilitation program, compared with usual rehabilitation, did not result in better motor function or recovery after 12 months for patients with moderate upper extremity impairment following a stroke, according to a study in the Feb.

The Art of Brevity
Cynthia Felando makes a case for the scholarly importance of live-action fiction short films

Study offers treatment hope for sleep disordered breathing
People with a condition linked to obesity that causes them to stop breathing in their sleep could be helped by new research from the University of Edinburgh.

The shield is crumbling
Over the past 20 years, many ice shelves in Antarctica have shrunk and some have disappeared entirely.

Protein that limits the severity of genetic kidney disease found
Researchers from Kumamoto University, Japan have identified a protein that limits the severity of Alport syndrome, a type of genetic kidney disease.

First-of-its-kind perioperative surgical home demonstrates impact on quality and costs
The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) and Premier, Inc. (NASDAQ: PINC), a leading health care improvement company, have announced the results of the first iteration of the Perioperative Surgical Home (PSH) learning collaborative.

Modeling robust use of pesticides
In a paper published last week in the SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, authors Chris Guiver et al propose adaptive control techniques to model pest dynamics and management as a control system.

Horses can read human emotions, University of Sussex research shows
For the first time horses have been shown to be able to distinguish between angry and happy human facial expressions.

Injury deaths and life-expectancy gap between US and other high-income countries
Andrew Fenelon, Ph.D., of the National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, Md., and colleagues estimated the contribution of three causes of injury death to the gap in life expectancy between the United States and 12 comparable countries in 2012.

Watch: Barley can help improve blood sugar levels and reduce appetite
A recent study by Lund University in Sweden shows that barley can rapidly improve people's health by reducing blood sugar levels and risk for diabetes.

Effectiveness of behavioral interventions to reduce inappropriate antibiotic prescribing
Among primary care practices, the use of two socially motivated behavioral interventions -- accountable justification and peer comparison -- resulted in significant reductions in inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections, while an intervention that lacked a social component, suggested alternatives, had no significant effect, according to a study in the Feb.

Wayne State University researchers discover new source of mutations in cancer
Recently, a new mutation signature found in cancer cells was suspected to have been created by a family of enzymes found in human cells called the APOBEC3 family.
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