Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 10, 2016
The lowdown on sports nutrition supplements
Competitive athletes train hard, eat right and often turn to supplements to boost their performance.

Nanoparticle reduces targeted cancer drug's toxicity
In one of the first efforts to date to apply nanotechnology to targeted cancer therapeutics, researchers have created a nanoparticle formulation of a cancer drug that is both effective and nontoxic -- qualities harder to achieve with the free drug.

Radical CO2 removal projects could be a risky business
Radical ways of removing CO2 from the atmosphere could prove to be a risky business -- according to an environmental scientist at the University of East Anglia.

Gastric bypass surgery at ages older than 35 years associated with improved survival
Lance E. Davidson, Ph.D., of Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, and colleagues examined whether gastric bypass surgery is equally effective in reducing mortality in groups undergoing surgery at different ages.

Prostate cancer survivors' risk of heart disease studied
Vanderbilt's Cardio-oncology program is focusing on modulating the risk factors for cardiovascular disease in men, especially those receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) to treat their prostate cancer.

Study examines euthanasia, assisted suicide of patients with psychiatric disorders
A review of euthanasia or assisted suicide cases among patients with psychiatric disorders in the Netherlands found that most had chronic, severe conditions, with histories of attempted suicides and hospitalizations, and were described as socially isolated or lonely, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Five women biologists in developing countries win 2016 Elsevier Foundation Awards
Five researchers have been named winners of the 2016 Elsevier Foundation Awards for Early Career Women Scientists in the Developing World, in recognition of research that has strong potential health and economic benefits.

Publish, don't perish!
A new journal is challenging established methods in biomedical research publications.

Reverse US funding freeze on research into gun violence, say experts
A ban on federal funding of research into gun violence initiated by Congress in 1997 must be overturned to improve understanding of gun use and how best to control it, argue experts in The BMJ today.

Should PCORI fund more primary care research?
The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), established under the Affordable Care Act, is charged with funding research that ultimately helps patients make better-informed health care decisions.

New study reveals that prelinguistic infants can categorize colors
A joint group of researchers from Chuo University, Japan Women's University and Tohoku University has revealed that infants aged between 5 and 7 months hold the representation of color categories in their brain, even before the acquisition of language.

New method opens crystal clear views of biomolecules
A scientific breakthrough gives researchers access to the blueprint of thousands of molecules of great relevance to medicine and biology.

Sir Peter Gluckman receives 2015 AAAS Award for Science Diplomacy
Sir Peter Gluckman, who convened an international conference for governmental science advisers and now chairs the International Network for Science Advice to Governments that emerged from the conference, has been chosen by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) to receive the 2015 Award for Science Diplomacy.

New alcohol guidelines unlikely to have a direct impact on drinking
The UK's new alcohol guidelines are unlikely to have a direct impact on drinking, but they do raise awareness of harm and so may alter social attitudes towards alcohol, suggests an expert in The BMJ today.

Faulty bioelectric signal responsible for facial defects caused by rare genetic disorder
Tufts University biologists have discovered that faulty bioelectric signaling is responsible for the skull and facial abnormalities that characterize the rare genetic disorder Andersen-Tawil syndrome (ATS).

GPS tracking down to the centimeter
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have developed a new, more computationally efficient way to process data from the Global Positioning System (GPS), to enhance location accuracy from the meter-level down to a few centimeters.

Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings exhibit at the AAAS 2016 Annual Meeting
For the first time, the Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings will be among the exhibitors at the AAAS 2016 Annual Meeting that will take place from Feb.

Overconfidence, loss aversion are key predictors for investment mistakes
In a new study, a personal financial planning expert from the University of Missouri has identified several risk factors for people who are more likely to make investment mistakes during a down market.

Strategy for increasing survival of mothers and newborns in South Asia
In several South Asian countries, midwifery is not an established profession.

Exercise and meditation -- together -- help beat depression
The new Rutgers study, published in Translational Psychiatry this month, found that this mind and body combination -- done twice a week for only two months -- reduced the symptoms for a group of students by 40 percent.

Future of science in National Parks highlighted at AAAS 2016 Annual Meeting
The unique value of national parks as scientific assets and natural laboratories is the core theme of National Park Service (NPS) presentations this month at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

A star's moment in the spotlight
A newly formed star lights up the surrounding clouds in this new image from ESO's La Silla Observatory in Chile.

Inhibitory control may affect physical problem solving in pet dogs
Inhibitory control may be an indicator of a dog's ability to solve a problem, according to a study published Feb.

Cardiac repair: Neutrophils to the rescue
Following an acute heart attack, immune cells called neutrophils coordinate an inflammatory response which can exacerbate the damage to the organ.

Study finds high rate of elective surgery for uncomplicated diverticulitis after few episodes
Vlad V. Simianu, M.D., M.P.H., of the University of Washington, Seattle, and colleagues examined patterns of episodes of diverticulitis before surgery and factors associated with earlier interventions using inpatient, outpatient, and antibiotic prescription claims.

Power walk: Footsteps could charge mobile electronics
When you're on the go and your smartphone battery is low, in the not-so-distant future you could charge it simply by plugging it into your shoe.

Dr. Gail D'Onofrio & Dr. David Fiellin earn Hazelden Betty Ford Foundation Award
Gail D'Onofrio, M.D., Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Yale School of Medicine and David Fiellin, Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale School of Medicine have earned the latest Dan Anderson Research Award for their study examining the impact of buprenorphine treatment on treatment engagement and opioid use outcomes among opioid dependent patients admitted to the emergency department (ED).

A new method furthers understanding of evolutionary genetics
The ultimate goal of evolutionary biology is to understand how mutations in DNA shape the growth and behavior of all living things.

Stakeholder involvement in clinical trial design leads to greater recruitment, retention
By seeking the advice of patients, families and other stakeholders in designing a clinical trial investigating pediatric appendicitis, researchers found a way to significantly increase the number of people recruited and retained in the trial.

New X-ray space observatory to study black holes and history of galaxy clusters
Black hole enthusiasts, galaxy cluster aficionados, and X-ray astronomers have much to be excited about.

Scientists take nanoparticle snapshots
An international team of researchers led by X-ray scientist Christoph Bostedt of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory and Tais Gorkhover of DOE's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory used two special lasers to observe the dynamics of a small sample of xenon as it was heated to a plasma.

Whooping cranes' predatory behavior key for adaptation, survival
The whooping crane, with its snowy white plumage and trumpeting call, is one of the most beloved American birds, and one of the most endangered.

Research uncovers more inherited genetic mutations linked to ovarian cancer
Previous research has established a link between genetic mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes to an increased risk of developing ovarian, fallopian tube or peritoneal cancer in women.

Global scientific community commits to sharing data on Zika
Leading global health bodies including academic journals, NGOs, research funders and institutes, have committed to sharing data and results relevant to the current Zika crisis and future public health emergencies as rapidly and openly as possible.

Lower oxygen saturation levels increase risk of death in extremely preterm infants -- NEJM
The risk of death by age two among infants born before 28 weeks' gestation is up to 45 percent higher when they receive targeted oxygen saturation in the range of 85-89 percent compared to 91-95 percent, according to a paper published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Forget butterflies and bees, box like an ant: Study measures speed of trap-jaw ant boxing
Boxer Muhammad Ali famously declared his intent to 'float like a butterfly and sting like a bee,' but perhaps boxers should look to another type of insect for inspiration: the trap-jaw ant.

Latest clinical information on Zika virus available at info centers on Elsevier connect and the Lancet
To help healthcare professionals, medical researchers and the public understand the ongoing outbreak of the Zika virus, Elsevier has created a Zika Virus Resource Center on Elsevier Connect, Elsevier's public news and information website.

The Mindlessly slim
You know that one friend that never worries about weight and seems to stay effortlessly slim?

Studying climate change impact on maple syrup quality
As maple sugaring season approaches, plant ecologist Kristina Stinson at the University of Massachusetts Amherst recently received a two-year, $149,800 grant to study the impact of climate change on the quantity and quality of sugar maple sap, including its chemical composition, and of sap from red maples, a species less sensitive to climate change.

Scientists find leukemia's surroundings key to its growth
Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin have discovered that a type of cancer found primarily in children can grow only when signaled to do so by other nearby cells that are noncancerous.

Ability to navigate between cultures is good for Mexican-American youth
Approximately 40 million foreign-born persons, representing about 13 percent of the population live in the United States.

Nest size variation not related to breeding success
Contrary to expectations, the size of the blue tits' nests is unrelated to their breeding success.

Iowa State statistician organizes symposium to discuss stronger science behind forensics
Iowa State's Alicia Carriquiry says forensic techniques need to be backed by more science and statistics.

The scaled king and his knight: 2 new giant bent-toed gecko species from New Guinea
The extremely complex geological history of New Guinea has allowed many of its animals and plants the chance to grow different enough to make a name for themselves.

Water plus magma = increased explosivity
When water interacts with magma, it can dramatically increase the explosivity of the eruption.

NASA sees Tropical Storm 10S form
Tropical Storm 10S developed as NASA's Terra satellite passed over the Southern Indian Ocean.

NASA sees development of Tropical Storm 11P in Southwestern Pacific
The tropical low pressure area previously known as System 97P has developed into a tropical storm named 11P in the Southwestern Pacific Ocean.

SLAC X-ray laser turns crystal imperfections into better images of important biomolecules
Often the most difficult step in taking atomic-resolution images of biological molecules is getting them to form high-quality crystals needed for X-ray studies of their structure.

The new health 'desert'? Reliable weight loss programs hard to find
A new study led by Johns Hopkins researchers concludes that people with medically serious weight problems can rarely find or have access to proven, reliable programs to help them shed pounds.

Enhancing neuronal activity promotes axon regeneration in adult CNS
Scientists from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) demonstrated that axon regenerative capacity can be boosted with the right stimulants on neuronal activity through either an optogenetic or a chemogenetic approach.

UBC-led study finds beliefs about all-knowing gods fosters co-operation
Beliefs about all-knowing, punishing gods -- a defining feature of religions ranging from Christianity to Hinduism -- may have played a key role in expanding co-operation among far-flung peoples and led to the development of modern-day states, according to a UBC-led study published in Nature.

Clams help date duration of ancient methane seeps in the Arctic
A bed of fossilized, methane dependent clams has for the first time been observed in the high Arctic.

Mathematics will help choose the optimal treatment for bladder cancer
MIPT scientists together with their colleagues from St. Petersburg and Israel have analyzed more than 500 previously published scientific articles and proposed their own approach to the choice of methods used for the treatment of one of the most common cancers.

Precise visualization of myocardial injury
In a world-first, researchers from Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin and the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine (MDC) have performed cardiac MRI imaging using a 7T MRI scanner in a patient-based study.

Researchers discover a genetic mutation that prevents diabetes complications
A number of complications are associated with diabetes, but they are more prevalent in some patients than in others.

Study sheds light on source of drug addicts risk-taking behavior
A study out today provides new insight into how the brains of drug addicts may be wired differently.

Scientific study review reveals health promoting potential of red raspberries
Components in red raspberries may have anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative and metabolic stabilizing activity, according to a comprehensive review of the available scientific literature published in the January issue of Advances in Nutrition.

Two in 5 individuals with schizophrenia have attempted suicide
A new study by the University of Toronto (U of T), released today, found that those with schizophrenia who'd been physically abused during childhood were five times more likely to have attempted suicide.

Alcohol also damages the liver by allowing bacteria to infiltrate
Alcohol itself can directly damage liver cells. Now researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report evidence that alcohol is also harmful to the liver for a second reason -- it allows gut bacteria to migrate to the liver, promoting alcohol-induced liver disease.

Southwest sliding into a drier climate
The weather patterns that typically bring moisture to the southwestern United States are becoming more rare, an indication that the region is sliding into the drier climate state predicted by global models, according to a new study.

Tick tock -- sequencing the tick genome could help defuse the Lyme disease time bomb
After a decade-long research effort the genome of the deer tick has been sequenced by an international team of scientists, including researchers from the SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics.

Integrating Neuroscience and Mathematics to Elucidate Mental Activities
Researchers from Hokkaido University and the University of Tsukuba will discuss recent discoveries related to internal and social behavior and mathematical tools that provide insight into what is happening in the brain.

Research summit focuses on female concussion and traumatic brain injury
PINKconcussions and Georgetown University Medical Center, with support for the NCAA Sports Science Institute and US Lacrosse, are hosting the first summit to explore gender differences of female brain injuries including symptoms, treatment and recovery to develop a better model of care.

Vinegar could potentially help treat ulcerative colitis
Vinegar is the perfect ingredient for making tangy sauces and dressings.

Light and manganese to discover the source of submerged Roman marble
The Roman Emperors used to spend their summers in the city of Baia, near Naples.

Pregnancy and PTSD: Surprising findings could help moms-to-be at risk
For most women, expecting a baby brings intense joy -- and a fair amount of worry.

Interstate Batteries to begin selling OEM batteries for defibrillators
Today, Interstate Batteries announced a partnership with Physio-Control to provide original equipment manufacturer (OEM) automated external defibrillator (AED) batteries to the healthcare industry.

Sneezing produces complex fluid cascade, not a simple spray
New high-speed videos captured by MIT researchers show that as a person sneezes, they launch a sheet of fluid that balloons, then breaks apart in long filaments that destabilize, and finally disperses as a spray of droplets, similar to paint that is flung through the air.

Inhibiting age-related inflammation maintains healthy gut microbiota and extends lifespan
New research shows that age-related inflammation drives changes in the fruit fly gut-causing metaplasia or abnormal changes in cells.

One Ecosystem Journal: Innovation in ecology and sustainability research publishing
Focused on the fields of ecology and sustainability, One Ecosystem is an innovative open access scholarly journal that goes beyond the conventional research article publication.

Scientists from MIPT gain insights into 'forbidden' chemistry
Gabriele Saleh, a research fellow at MIPT, and Prof. Artem Oganov, a Laboratory Supervisor at MIPT and Professor at the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech), derived a simple model and formulated the basic principles of stability of 'forbidden' by classical chemistry high-pressure substances.

Study challenges widely accepted theory of Yellowstone formation
Understanding the complex geological processes that form supervolcanoes could ultimately help geologists determine what triggers their eruptions.

Terahertz wireless technology could bring fiber-optic speeds out of a fiber
Hiroshima University, the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, and Panasonic Corporation announced the development of a terahertz (THz) transmitter capable of signal transmission at a per-channel data rate of over ten gigabits per second over multiple channels at around 300 GHz.

'The Game Theorist's Guide To Parenting'
For generations, parents have turned to experts for child-rearing advice.

Some 5,000 years ago, silver mining on the shores of the Aegean Sea
At the foot of the Mycenaean Acropolis of Thorikos (Greece), a team of mining archaeologists has just discovered an inextricable network of galleries, shafts and chambers.

New hope in global race to beat malaria parasite's deadly new resistance
Scientists have made a major breakthrough in the global search for a new drug to beat the malaria parasite's growing resistance to first-defense treatments.

The most accurate optical single-ion clock worldwide
Atomic clock experts from the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) are the first research group in the world to have built an optical single-ion clock which attains an accuracy which had only been predicted theoretically so far.

You scratch my back and I might scratch yours: the grooming habits of wild chimpanzees
Bystanders can influence the way adult male chimpanzees establish grooming interactions according to research by anthropologists at the University of Kent.

Electric-car battery materials could harm key soil bacteria
The growing popularity of battery-powered cars could help reduce greenhouse gas emissions, but they are not entirely Earth friendly.

Journalists can now apply for accreditation at the 66th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting
The 66th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting is June 26 - July 1, 2016.

Research into critical national issues at forefront of NSF's FY2017 budget request
National Science Foundation (NSF) Director France A. Córdova today outlined how President Obama's fiscal year (FY) 2017 request for NSF supports research into critical national issues, including clean energy technologies, food sustainability, disaster response and education.

Fish fins can sense touch
The human fingertip is a finely tuned sensory machine, and even slight touches convey a great deal of information about our physical environment.

Chemical cages: New technique advances synthetic biology
In a new study, Hao Yan, director of the Center for Molecular Design and Biomimetics at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute presents a clever means of localizing and confining enzymes and the substrate molecules they bind with, speeding up reactions essential for life processes.

Spin waves out of waste heat: Researchers present new findings on magnetic spin waves
An international team of researchers gained new insights into magnetic spin waves.

Daters move toward (or away from) marriage in four different ways -- where do you fit?
A University of Illinois researcher has identified four distinct approaches that dating couples use to develop deeper commitment after studying graphs created by 376 dating couples in their mid-twenties.

Atherosclerosis: A short cut to inflammation
The enzyme Dicer processes RNA transcripts, cutting them into short segments that regulate the synthesis of specific proteins.

Report describes first known case of Zika in US resident returning from Costa Rica
A report published in Annals of Internal Medicine describes the first known case of Zika virus in a US resident following travel to Costa Rica.

Scripps Florida researchers develop 'LIGHTSABR' -- a cheap, portable drug-discovery system
Scientists at the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have developed a device that can do the functional equivalent of high-throughput compound screening on an ultra-miniaturized scale.

Drones learn to search forest trails for lost people
Researchers at the University of Zurich, the Università della Svizzera italiana, and the University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland have developed software enabling drones to autonomously detect and follow forest paths.

Computerized rehab aids those suffering from brain injuries
For the first time, researchers have shown that computerized cognitive rehabilitation (a program to help brain-injured or otherwise cognitively impaired individuals to restore normal functioning) can improve attention and executive functioning in brain injury survivors including traumatic brain injury (TBI) and stroke.

Attention problems persist in childhood leukemia survivors treated with chemotherapy alone
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital investigators report that pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients from the contemporary treatment era remain at risk for attention and learning problems later.

Radiation causes blindness in wild animals in Chernobyl
This year marks 30 years since the Chernobyl nuclear accident.

Genetics help fish thrive in toxic environments, collaborative study finds
A 10-year collaborative project led by biologists from Kansas State University and Washington State University has discovered how the Atlantic molly is able to live in toxic hydrogen sulfide water.

New study reveals incidence of dementia may be declining
Despite the concern of an explosion of dementia cases in an aging population over the next few decades, a new study, based on data from the Framingham Heart Study (FHS), suggests that the rate of new cases of dementia actually may be decreasing.

Why not recycled concrete?
From paper towels to cups to plastic bottles, products made from recycled materials permeate our lives.

BMJ collaborates with UCSF on e-learning program for researchers
BMJ, a global healthcare knowledge provider, has joined forces with the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), a world leader in biomedical research, to provide self-study online modules for doctors and healthcare researchers to develop their research skills and become published authors.

More measurement precision in a short time
Researchers from the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) have thoroughly analyzed the noise processes in their optical lattice clock with neutral strontium atoms.

Research finds new target in search for why statin drugs sometimes cause problems for some patients
Research by the University of Warwick, the University Hospital Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust (UHCW), and Tangent Reprofiling Limited, has discovered that statin drugs interact with a gap junction protein called GJC3 that releases ATP, a major signaling molecule for inflammation in the body.

'Electronic nose' from a Russian scientist will help to diagnose diseases
Timur Muksunov, research engineer at Tomsk State University (Russia) has created a gas analyzer -- 'electronic nose' that is able to assess the quality of the food, cosmetic, and medical products, to diagnose diseases by human exhaled gases, and even detect explosives and drugs.

UPMC 'personalizes' medications for heart patients through innovative gene testing
Patients who go to UPMC Presbyterian for heart catheterization and who receive a stent to treat clogged arteries are now being screened with a simple blood test to determine if they have a gene variant that makes them less likely to respond to a blood-thinning medication commonly prescribed after the procedure.

Starting age of marijuana use may have long-term effects on brain development
The age at which an adolescent begins using marijuana may affect typical brain development, according to researchers at the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas.

Plankton carries carbon to safe resting spot, ocean study reveals
The ocean's power to rein in carbon and protect the environment is vast but not well-understood.

Remote telemonitoring does not reduce hospital readmissions for heart failure patients
Combined health coaching and remote monitoring did not reduce all-cause 180-day hospital readmissions among heart failure patients, and did not have significant effects on 30-day hospital readmissions, 30-day mortality, or 180-day mortality.

Rise in marijuana use not as high as previously reported
Washington University School of Medicine researchers report an estimated 12.5 percent of adults living in the United States use marijuana, but their research also shows that the rate of pot use did not double from 2002 to 2013 -- as had been reported in the fall -- but instead increased by about 20 percent.

Baby's breath: A new way to study neonatal lung disease
Investigators at the Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles have created a novel model for studying a lung disorder of newborn babies.

Flow phenomena on solid surfaces: Boundary layer velocity plays key role
Physicists from Saarland University and the ESPCI in Paris have shown how liquids on solid surfaces can be made to slide over the surface a bit like a bobsleigh on ice.

Why you may skimp on your Valentine's Day gift
In the study, 'The Friendly Taking Effect: How Interpersonal Closeness Leads to Seemingly Selfish Yet Jointly Maximizing Choice,' Chicago Booth researchers find that people are more likely to take from a close other than a distant other.

Study: Fossil record disappears at different rates
Considerably more of the fossil record of creatures such as mammoths, mastodons, camels, horses and ground sloths has been lost in what is now the continental United States and South America than in Alaska and areas near the Bering Strait.

Anger, contempt and disgust fuel hostility, new research from SF State shows
A new study from researchers at San Francisco State University is the first to demonstrate the connection between the emotions anger, contempt and disgust and hostility toward opponent groups.

Couch potatoes may have smaller brains later in life
Poor physical fitness in middle age may be linked to a smaller brain size 20 years later, according to a study published in the Feb.

This week from AGU: West Antarctic Ice Sheet, better climate models & 3 new papers
How stable is the West Antarctic Ice Sheet? Exceeding critical temperature limits in the Southern Ocean may cause the collapse of ice sheets and a sharp rise in sea levels, a new study finds.

Research findings could lead to new treatments for chronic inflammatory pain
New research uncovers a cascade of reactions within nerve cells that relay sensations of pain associated with inflammation.

Clues about human migration to Imperial Rome uncovered in 2,000-year-old cemetery
Isotope analysis of 2,000-year-old skeletons buried in Imperial Rome reveal some were migrants from the Alps or North Africa, according to a study published Feb.

Lipid-based diets effectively combat Alzheimer's disease in mouse model
Researchers have devised several lipid-based diets aimed at slowing down progression and relieving symptoms of Alzheimer's disease.

Eagles and agriculture coexist in South Africa
To biologists' surprise, an eagle population living in a South African landscape dominated by agriculture appears to be thriving, according to a new paper in The Condor: Ornithological Applications -- even out-performing their neighbors in undeveloped mountain habitat.

Landmark study finds dementia risk varies significantly among racial and ethnic groups
In the largest and longest study thus far of ethnic disparities in dementia risk, researchers compared six ethnic and racial groups within the same geographic population and found significant variation in dementia incidence among them.

Penguin parents: Inability to share roles increases their vulnerability to climate change
The fixed division of labor between crested penguin parents increases their chicks' vulnerability to food shortages made ever more common by climate change.

Blocking stress protein relieves chronic pain in mice
A group of drugs being developed to treat mood disorders could also relieve chronic pain, finds new University College London research funded by the Medical Research Council.

Enrichment program introduces Boston undergraduates to careers in medicine or research
Twenty-six aspiring undergraduates experienced life as medical students or research scientists during the fourth Tufts University School of Medicine/University of Massachusetts Boston Enrichment program.

Baby physics
We are born with a basic grasp of physics, just enough not to be surprised when we interact with objects.

Creating a color printer that uses a colorless, non-toxic ink inspired by nature
From dot-matrix to 3-D, printing technology has come a long way in 40 years.

US tuberculosis cases drop almost 20 percent among foreign-born entrants from 2007-2011
The reasons behind a 19 percent drop in US tuberculosis (TB) cases among foreign-born people between 2007-2011 vary depending on the person's country of origin and when they entered the US, according to a study published Feb.

Hydrogels can put stem cells to sleep
Unlike normal cells, stem cells are pluripotent -- they can become any cell type, which makes them powerful potential treatments for diseases such as diabetes, leukemia and age-related blindness.

Estrogen, antibiotics persisted in dairy farm waste after advanced treatment, study finds
An advanced system for treating manure on a commercial dairy farm did not remove estrogens and antibiotics.

Penn researchers offer new approach to treating cocaine addiction
New findings out the University of Pennsylvania shows that an FDA-approved drug used for diabetes and obesity may also reduce cocaine dependence.

Study of Asian common toad reveals 3 divergent groups
A research project by Bryan L. Stuart, Research Curator of Herpetology at the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, and colleagues, tested the hypothesis that Asian common toad populations across Southeast Asia are genetically similar owing to their commensal nature and high dispersive ability.

Chronic alcohol use helps bacteria harm the liver
End-stage liver disease or liver cirrhosis is the tenth leading cause of death in the United States, and approximately half of these cases are related to alcohol consumption.

Healing the soil
Chicago's history of industrialization and urbanization left its mark on the soil.

Fostering commercialization to improve health and create jobs in Washington
A new technology commercialization program will launch this spring to help Washington's life sciences innovators move their promising ideas into the hands of providers and patients, thanks to a $1.8 million 'ecosystem' award from the state's Life Sciences Discovery Fund (LSDF). is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to