Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 11, 2016
Plant extract shows promise in treating pancreatic cancer
A natural extract derived from India's neem tree could potentially be used to treat pancreatic cancer, according to a new study in the journal Scientific Reports.

Oldest footprints in Catalonia
Researchers from the UAB, the Miquel Crusafont Catalan Institute of Palaeontology (ICP), and the Jaume Almera Institute of Earth Sciences (CSIC), working in the Manyanet Valley (Lleida), have identified various tracks made by tetrapods between 280 and 290 million years ago, which makes them the most ancient fossil footprints in Catalonia.

NOAA, partners: Testing detects algal toxins in Alaska marine mammals
Toxins from harmful algae are present in Alaskan marine food webs in high enough concentrations to be detected in marine mammals such as whales, walruses, sea lions, seals, porpoises and sea otters, according to new research from NOAA and its federal, state, local and academic partners.

What 'tainted' engagement rings reveal about consumer expectations
We're told diamonds -- and their value -- are forever.

Open data on adolescent health in 41 countries released
A WHO-project on health in the adolescent population is now giving researchers access to data collected in 41 countries worldwide.

Carbon dioxide stored underground can find multiple ways to escape
When carbon dioxide is stored underground in a process known as geological sequestration, it can find multiple escape pathways due to chemical reactions between carbon dioxide, water, rocks and cement from abandoned wells, according to Penn State researchers.

U-M announces chronic kidney disease consortium with leading pharmaceutical companies
U-M has established the Renal Pre-Competitive Consortium (RPC2), with several pharmaceutical companies, including AstraZeneca and Eli Lilly and Company.

The sleeping giant
The placid appearance of NGC 4889 can fool the unsuspecting observer.

Two distinct subspecies of plague associated with differences in geographical elevation
Researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in America have carried out a genetic study of plague caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis in Uganda.

Memory ensembles
For over forty years, neuro-scientists have been interested in the biological mechanisms underlying the storage of the information that our brain records every day.

Kansas State University researchers staying ahead of wheat blast disease
Kansas State University researchers have received $6.5 million from the US Department of Agriculture since 2009 to keep a devastating wheat fungus out of the country's farm fields.

Doctors' reminders help keep people more engaged in their health care
An embargoed new study examining the program called OpenNotes has found that follow up emails from a primary care doctor can be a critical way to keep patients involved in their own health care.

Vitamin D-rich foods during pregnancy may reduce allergy risk in children
Higher intake of foods containing vitamin D during pregnancy -- but not supplemental vitamin D intake -- was associated with reduced risk of development of allergies in children.

Researchers come up with new answers concerning a weight-regulating hormone
For years, scientists have failed to locate the DNA variants that control the weight-regulating hormone, leptin.

100-mllion-year-old amber preserves oldest animal societies
Fighting ants, giant solider termites, and foraging worker ants recently discovered in 100-million-year-old amber provide direct evidence for advanced social behavior in ancient ants and termites -- two groups that are immensely successful because of their ability to organize in hierarchies.

How society deals with human suffering
Millions of people experience social suffering in their everyday lives.

Herpes outbreak, other marine viruses linked to coral bleaching event
A study has concluded that significant outbreaks of viruses may be associated with coral bleaching events, especially as a result of multiple environmental stresses.

For a rare prairie orchid, science is making climate change local
A dynamic model that focuses on site scale conservation has been developed by USDA Forest Service and University of Minnesota scientists to give conservation decision-makers the capacity to assess multiple interacting stressors at the local scale, identify the most important stressors, and evaluate the efficacy of management strategies in light of their cumulative impacts.

Research reveals carbon films can give microchips energy storage capability
After more than half a decade of speculation, fabrication, modeling and testing, an international team of researchers led by Drexel University's Dr.

Expanded understanding of promising blood fat-lowering protein
New research on the blood lipid-lowering protein FGF21 shows how it redistributes fatty acids by two distinct mechanisms.

Bumpy liquid films could simplify fabrication of microlenses
Have you ever noticed that when heated a film of oil in a pan doesn't remain completely flat?

A climate change reality check
Two UCSB climate scientists edit a new book about the Earth's regional and global monsoon systems.

Could the food we eat affect our genes? Study in yeast suggests this may be the case
Almost all of our genes may be influenced by the food we eat, suggests new research published today in the journal Nature Microbiology.

LIGO confirms RIT's breakthrough prediction of gravitational waves
LIGO's direct observation of a gravitational wave signal from a binary black-hole merger matches the numerical model of the waveform confirmed by RIT researchers and predicted in their breakthrough paper, 'Accurate Evolutions of Orbiting Black-Hole Binaries without Excision,' published in Physical Review Letters, on March 22, 2006.

Profiling the regulators of US legislation: The Federal Regulatory Directory, 17th edition
Profiling an array of agencies with different forms and functions, the Federal Regulatory Directory, 17th edition (published by CQ Press, an imprint of SAGE Publishing) contains the history, structure, purpose, actions, and key contacts of more than 100 federal agencies and departments.

Unraveling the enigma of salty taste detection
Scientists from the Monell Center have further characterized the identity and functionality of salt-responding taste cells on the tongue.

Here be dragons: Science, technology and the future of humanity
The 21st century will most likely see even more revolutionary changes than the 20th, due to advances in science, technology and medicine.

Twisting magnets enhance data storage capacity
A research team including scientists from Japan, UK and Russia succeeded in detecting and controlling magnetic twists formed in CrNb3S6, a magnetic material called 'chiral magnets'.

Giving support to others -- not just receiving it -- has beneficial effects
Social support has well-known benefits for physical and mental health.

Updates on the fight to save amphibians
At a press briefing at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science on Feb.

GGC physicist leads team in innovative black hole research
A first-ever computer simulation shows that, contrary to previous understandings, objects approaching a rotating black hole would not be crushed by the increasing gravity -- supporting some popular science fiction scenarios.

Neandertal-derived DNA may influence depression and more in modern humans
Researchers have found correlations between Neandertal-derived genes and disease states in modern humans -- including those influencing the skin, the immune system, depression, addiction, and metabolism.

New study confirms different generics have equal efficacy when treating epilepsy
A new study led by Michael Privitera, MD, professor of the Department of Neurology and director of the Epilepsy Center at the University of Cincinnati Neuroscience Institute, tested two generic lamotrigine (prescription antiepileptic) products and found no detectable difference in clinical effects among patients in the trial.

Scientists learn how young brains form lifelong memories by studying worms' food choices
Neuroscientists have found that when young C. elegans worms taste poisonous food, they remember that experience for the rest of their life.

How a master regulator in ovarian cancer can go from helpful to harmful
Scientists at The Wistar Institute have defined the role of how a master genomic organizer influences the behavior of these ovarian-associated dendritic cells, revealing a previously unseen way in which cancer is able to manipulate our immune system.

Lifelong physical activity increases bone density in men
Men have many reasons to add high-impact and resistance training to their exercise regimens; these reasons include building muscle and shedding fat.

UMD-led team first to solve well-known game theory scenario
A team of computer scientists from the University of Maryland, Stanford University and Microsoft Research is the first to solve a game theory scenario that has vexed researchers for nearly a century.

New species with heart-shaped fruits inspires a love for biodiversity in Hawai'i
Just in time for Valentine's Day, a group of scientists from Hawai'i have discovered a new plant species with small heart-shaped fruits from the Island of Maui.

Marine vessel tracking system also a lifesaver for wildlife
A new paper from WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society), in partnership with researchers and practitioners from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S.

TSRI study reveals new link between brain and fat-burning circuit
A new study in animal models, led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute, is the first to show that oxygen sensing in the brain has a role in metabolism and sensing an organism's internal state.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Winston form
After Tropical Cyclone Winston formed between Vanuatu and Fiji in the Southern Pacific Ocean NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead and saw powerful thunderstorms had quickly developed.

New milestone for device that can 'smell' prostate cancer
A research team from the University of Liverpool has reached an important milestone towards creating a urine diagnostic test for prostate cancer that could mean that invasive diagnostic procedures that men currently undergo eventually become a thing of the past.

New NTU smart chip makes low-powered, wireless neural implants a possibility
Scientists at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) have developed a small smart chip that can be paired with neural implants for efficient wireless transmission of brain signals.

Tiny worm opens big discovery on nerve degeneration
A discovery in a transparent roundworm has brought Australian scientists one step closer to understanding nerve degeneration.

INNUENDO -- a new platform for genomics integration in surveillance of food-borne pathogens
Multinational outbreaks of food-borne pathogens cause considerable threats to European public health.

By switching 'bait,' IU biologists trick plants' bacterial defense into attacking virus
Scientists at Indiana University have modified a plant gene that normally fights bacterial infection to confer resistance to a virus.

Mobile phone test can reveal vision problems in time
Apps that test visual function at home can discover deterioration of the eye's macula lutea long before traditional vision tests.

In-depth Q&A: Three researchers on the front line of today's gravitational wave discovery
In an exclusive roundtable discussion, hosted by The Kavli Foundation, key researchers from the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory share their experiences at the front line of the landmark experiment and how gravitational waves provide a new window into the universe.

ASTRO commends proposed increases for cancer research support in President's 2017 budget
The American Society for Radiation Oncology commends the proposed investment in cancer-related research announced in the Fiscal Year 2017 Budget released yesterday by the White House.

Pinpointing loneliness in the brain
MIT scientists identify cells that represent feelings of isolation.

Why smiles (and frowns) are contagious
Smile! It makes everyone in the room feel better because they, consciously or unconsciously, are smiling with you.

Researchers to use supercomputer to 'hack' Ebola
Scientists at the University of Leeds will run the equivalent of password cracking software to find the chemical keys to defeating the Ebola virus.

The history of hemodialysis sheds light on the ethical use of limited medical resources
As medical research continues to generate new technologies and drugs for a wide variety of uses, questions arise regarding how such resources should be used and who should have access to them.

Gravitational waves found, black-hole models led the way
Gravitational waves were predicted by Einstein's theory of general relativity in 1916, and now, almost exactly 100 years later, the faint ripples across space-time have been found.

Breakable genes may promote disease and brain cell diversity
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) researchers have identified 27 genes in brain stem cells that are prone to a type of DNA damage.

Improvisation is curbing innovation at small and medium-sized Spanish construction firms
Small and medium-sized Spanish construction firms prioritize securing contracts and production over any R&D activity.

PTSD knowledge map will chart new course for global research efforts
The creation of a PTSD KnowledgeMapTM will bring together research on clinical symptoms, biomarkers, genetic variation, epidemiological studies and other areas related to PTSD research.

Learning about struggles of famous scientists may help students succeed in science
High school students may improve their science grades by learning about the personal struggles and failed experiments of great scientists such as Albert Einstein and Marie Curie, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

Early diet of infants, not maternal obesity, influences development of gut microbiome
After the age of nine months, the development of the infant gut microbiota is driven by the transition to family foods, not maternal obesity, according to results from a new study.

David Calligaris receives Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry Best Paper Award 2015
David Calligaris is the winner of this year's ABC Best Paper Award, presented by the Springer journal Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry.

Real-time Ebola fusion system yields clues to stopping infection
Researchers have developed the first real-time system to watch directly through the microscope as Ebola-like virus particles fuse with human cells to infect them.

'Grit' adds little to prediction of academic achievement
Personality characteristics -- especially conscientiousness -- have previously been shown to have a significant but moderate influence on academic achievement.

The CNIO finds a potential therapy for the most aggressive type of lung cancer in preclinical models
The specific combination of the drugs dasatinib and demcizumab impairs the growth of KRAS-driven lung tumors, the most aggressive sub-type and with the lowest survival rates.

How your cells build tiny 'train tracks' could shed light on human disease
Researchers from the University of Warwick have discovered how cells in the human body build their own 'railway networks', throwing light on how diseases such as bowel cancer work.

Recent asthma may be linked with abdominal aneurysm rupture
Recent active asthma may increase the risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm and rupture in adult patients.

Renovating spaces and preserving places with lasers
On Feb. 14, 2016, at the annual meeting of AAAS in Washington, D.C., a panel of experts will discuss how laser scanning is transforming fields from archaeology to manufacturing.

CU scientists identify factor that may trigger type 1 diabetes
A team of researchers, led by investigators at the University of Colorado School of Medicine, have identified a new class of antigens that may be a contributing factor to type 1 diabetes, according to an article published in the current issue of the journal Science.

Record for fastest data rate set
A new record for the fastest ever data rate for digital information has been set by UCL researchers in the Optical Networks Group.

Internet searches reflect vaping's surge
The Oxford Dictionaries selected 'vape' -- as in, to smoke from an electronic cigarette -- as word of the year in 2014.

Neanderthal DNA has subtle but significant impact on human traits
The first study that directly compares Neanderthal DNA in the genomes of a significant population of adults of European ancestry with their clinical records confirms that this archaic genetic legacy has a subtle but significant impact on modern human biology.

New test could help select the best treatment for bowel cancer patients
A new test could help patients with advanced bowel cancer get the best treatment for their disease, according to a Cancer Research UK clinical trial published today in JAMA Oncology.

Mommy and me
The first study of its kind,

Value and impact of open data
Independent analysis of EMBL-EBI underscores the value and impact of open data in the life science.

LIGO, including the MSU scientists, announced a record of gravitational waves
LIGO Scientific Collaboration, integrating more than 1,000 members (including eight representatives of the Lomonosov Moscow State University) managed to register space-time oscillations -- gravitational waves, reaching the Earth after a catastrophe happened far in the Universe.

Elsevier announces the launch of Transplantation Reports
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical, and medical information products and services today announces the launch of Transplantation Reports, a new online-only open access journal covering all areas of transplantation.

NeuroVision expands collaboration with Janssen Research & Development LLC
NeuroVision Imaging LLC has announced completion of a nonexclusive license agreement with Janssen Research & Development LLC, one of the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson, that will significantly expand the companies' collaboration.

Origins of 'rage' identified in brain in male animal model
Violent, unprovoked outbursts in male mice have been linked to changes in a brain structure tied to the control of anxiety and fear, according to a report by researchers from NYU Langone Medical Center to be published in the journal Current Biology online Feb.

The neuroscience of seeking company
Social animals are strongly motivated to seek out the company of others, especially after periods of isolation, because their brains are wired to find it rewarding.

Gravitational waves detected 100 years after Einstein's prediction
For the first time, scientists have observed ripples in the fabric of spacetime called gravitational waves, arriving at Earth from a cataclysmic event in the distant universe.

Study finds fish larvae are better off in groups
A recent study provides new evidence that larvae swim faster, straighter and more consistently in a common direction when together in a group.

Researchers urge further study on long-term safety of promising diabetes drug
A drug used by people with type 2 diabetes to regulate blood sugar led to pancreatic beta cell burnout in mice exposed to high doses over a period of six months.

Gravitational waves detected 100 years after Einstein's prediction
For the first time, scientists have observed ripples in the fabric of spacetime, called gravitational waves, arriving at the earth from a cataclysmic event in the distant universe.

Male biology students consistently underestimate female peers, study finds
New University of Washington research shows consistent gender bias among male biology undergraduate students, suggesting that they could be undermining the confidence of female students as they embark on studies in STEM disciplines.

True love: How transcription factors interact to create a heart
Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes have discovered that three transcription factors -- proteins that direct gene expression -- interact with each other and the genome to influence how a heart forms in an embryo.

'Readings in Training and Simulation,' volume 2 just released in e-book format
'Readings in Training and Simulation, Volume 2: Research Articles from 2000 to 2014' includes 54 of the top papers on aspects such as cognition, training devices and simulators, transfer of training, decision making, teamwork, and aging and training.

Shaping crystals with the flow
OIST scientists designed a new method to create crystals using a combination of shear flow and controlled temperature.

'Lasers rewired': Scientists find a new way to make nanowire lasers
Scientists at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley have found a simple new way to produce nanoscale wires that can serve as bright, stable and tunable lasers -- an advance toward using light to transmit data.

UBC researchers discover new glass technology
Imagine if the picture window in your living room could double as a giant thermostat or big screen TV.

Common antimalarial drug could be used to treat major injury
A common anti-malarial drug Artesunate could be used to reduce organ failure following injury, according to an early study in rats led by Queen Mary University of London.

Alternative proteins encoded by the same gene have widely divergent functions in cells
In a first large-scale systematic study, researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, and McGill University found that most sibling proteins -- known as 'protein isoform' encoded by the same gene -- often play radically different roles within tissues and cells, however alike they may be structurally.

Long-term benefits of 'senolytic' drugs on vascular health in mice
Building on previous studies, Mayo Clinic researchers have demonstrated significant health improvements in the vascular system of mice following repeated treatments to remove senescent cells.

South Africa's Sterkfontein Caves produce 2 new hominin fossils
Two new hominin specimens, a finger bone and a molar, that were found in South Africa's Sterkfontein Caves seem to be from early hominins that can be associated with early stone tool-bearing sediments that entered the cave more than two million years ago.

New imaging technique shows how DNA is protected at chromosomes' ends
A new imaging technique has allowed researchers to see how DNA loops around a protein that aids in the formation of a special structure in telomeres.

Breaking cell barriers with retractable protein nanoneedles
Wyss Institute researchers have adapted a retractable protein polymer -- found naturally in certain bacteria -- to mechanically rupture cell membranes, which could lead to new drug delivery methods and other applications in biotechnology and medicine.

Put that in your e-cigarette and smoke it, or should you?
Ilona Jaspers, Ph.D., from the UNC School of Medicine, recently completed research showing how the chemicals in e-cigarettes can change immune responses in our airways.

Mecca's cardiac hospital describes how it copes with the Hajj
Mecca's cardiac hospital has described how it copes with the huge patient influx during the Hajj and gives details of the echocardiography service in an abstract presented at the 27th Annual Conference of the Saudi Heart Association (SHA).

Study finds freezing nerves prior to knee replacement improves outcomes
The first study of its kind has found that freezing nerves before knee replacement surgery combined with traditional pain management approaches significantly improves patient outcomes.

DNA breaks in nerve cells' ancestors cluster in specific genes
Study reveals new avenue for thinking about brain development, brain tumors and neurodevelopmental/psychiatric diseases.

Want to be a doctor, but have a disability? Many medical schools look unwelcoming
They may dream of becoming doctors, and helping people like themselves.

High-cholesterol diet, eating eggs do not increase risk of heart attack
A new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows that a relatively high intake of dietary cholesterol, or eating one egg every day, are not associated with an elevated risk of incident coronary heart disease.

Type 2 diabetes drug can exhaust insulin-producing cells
Long-term use of liraglutide, a substance that helps to lower blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes, can have a deteriorating effect on insulin-producing beta cells, leading to an increase in blood sugar levels.

Plankton network linked to ocean's biological carbon pump revealed
The ocean is the largest carbon sink on the planet.

This is what a wasp sees to learn the way home
When ground-nesting wasps leave their nests each day, they turn back toward home before flying along a series of ever-increasing arcs.

Ground water storage helped offset sea level rise, study says
Recent increases in the storage of excess groundwater may be helping to offset sea level rise by as much as 15 percent, a new study finds.

New computer vision algorithm predicts orientation of objects
Seen from any angle, a horse looks like a horse.

Success in making use of waste heat to generate electrical power
The industrial engineer Patricia Aranguren-Garacochea has successfully demonstrated in an experiment that the waste heat from the combustion fumes produced by a boiler and an industrial kiln can be used to generate electricity.

Teachers' knowledge and values can hinder climate education
Most US science teachers include climate science in their courses, yet political inclinations and insufficient grasp of the science may be hindering the quality of their teaching, authors of this Education Forum say.

A metal that behaves like water
In a new paper published in Science, researchers at the Harvard and Raytheon BBN Technology have made a breakthrough in our understanding of graphene's basic properties, observing for the first time electrons in a metal behaving like a fluid.

I want her to want me: Where men, sex and personality meet
New study suggests that a man's attachment style -- a personality trait reflecting his romantic relationship tendencies -- may influence his perceptions of whether a woman is interested in him sexually.

Increasing BRCA testing rates in young women with breast cancer
Rates of genetic testing for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations have increased among women diagnosed with breast cancer at age 40 or younger, according to an article published online by JAMA Oncology.

Wisconsin researchers transform common cell to master heart cell
By genetically reprogramming the most common type of cell in mammalian connective tissue, researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have generated master heart cells -- primitive progenitors that form the developing heart.

NASA's 2 eyes on Tropical Cyclone Daya
Two of NASA's 'eyes' have been watching Tropical Cyclone Daya and providing data to forecasters.

Adenovirus dampens host DNA damage response -- implications for control and cancer therapy
Adenoviruses (Ad) are everywhere, and while they pose limited threat in individuals with healthy immune systems, they cause significant disease burden in immunocompromised patients.

Silicon chip with integrated laser: Light from a nanowire
Physicists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have developed a nanolaser, a thousand times thinner than a human hair.

About 1 in 5 adolescent victims of sexual harassment on social media report abuse to provider
Among adolescents who encountered sexual harassment on social networking sites (mostly on Facebook), 21.8% reported the incident to the provider, but in nearly half of those cases the provider took no action, according to the results of a study reported in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.

Younger T cells may improve immunotherapy for children's cancer
Pediatric oncologists have investigated techniques to improve and broaden a novel personalized cell therapy to treat children with cancer.

Better definition needed for reasonable medical certainty in child abuse cases
Physicians use different definitions of 'reasonable medical certainty' when testifying as expert witnesses in child abuse cases.

Asthma linked to an increased time to pregnancy
Asthma has been associated with a prolonged time to pregnancy and a decreased birth rate in a new clinical observation study.

NASA's RapidScat spots newborn Tropical Cyclone Tatiana
As Tropical Cyclone Tatiana was developing in the Coral Sea, east of Queensland, Australia, NASA's RapidScat measured the surface winds in the intensifying tropical cyclone.

Gravitational waves detected 100 years after Einstein's prediction
LIGO opens new window on the universe with observation of gravitational waves from colliding black holes.

New report finds illness continues to be major effect linked to Gulf War military service
Although more than $500 million in federally funded research on Persian Gulf War veterans between 1994 and 2014 has produced many findings, there has been little substantial progress in the overall understanding of the health effects, particularly Gulf War illness, resulting from military service in the war, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Daily dose of beetroot juice improved endurance and blood pressure
Scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have found that a daily dose of beetroot juice significantly improved exercise endurance and blood pressure in elderly patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF).

Novel neuroprotective therapy found to enhance memory
New research from Tel Aviv University highlights the neuroprotective potential of a peptide developed at the university, and the marked difference in nerve cell communication in male and female mice.

Abnormal combos of peptides may contribute to diabetes
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) may be linked to insulin-related peptides that mistakenly bond to other peptides within the pancreas and spleen, a new study suggests.

JAMA Oncology: An expert opinion on how to address the skyrocketing prices of cancer drugs
Many patients with cancer find themselves in great financial distress, in part because the costs of cancer-fighting drugs are skyrocketing.

Cornell astrophysicists play vital role to validate detection of gravitational waves
Cornell physics and astrophysics professor Saul Teukolsky has been using supercomputers to solve Einstein's equations for black hole mergers for much of his career.

Sleep apnea takes a toll on brain function
According to new research from the UCLA School of Nursing, published online in the Journal of Sleep Research, people with sleep apnea show significant changes in the levels of two important brain chemicals, which could be a reason that many have symptoms that impact their day-to-day lives.

Hope for peace may be encouraged by enemies in Israeli-Palestinian conflict
Jewish Israelis may feel more hopeful when they hear messages of hope from Palestinians regardless of whether they are portrayed as peace activists or former militia members who had attacked Israeli military targets, according to new research published in Social Psychological and Personality Science.

More evidence found on potential harmful effects of e-cigarettes
Conklin will share new data showing that e-cigarettes have been shown to speed up atherosclerosis -- the plaque-causing disease that leads to heart attack, stroke and peripheral arterial disease.

Scripps Florida scientists identify a memory suppressor that may play a role in autism
In a new study, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute, working in collaboration with scientists from the University of California, Irvine, show that a specific microRNA has strong links to a number of neuropsychiatric disorders, including autism spectrum disorder.

Discovery of new iron oxides points to large oxygen source inside the Earth
Using a special high-pressure chamber, scientists have discovered two new iron oxides in experiments at DESY's X-ray light source PETRA III and other facilities.

Alzheimer funding analyzer launched on Journal of Alzheimer's Disease website
The Journal of Alzheimer's Disease (JAD) is proud to announce the launch of the Alzheimer's Funding Analyzer (AFA) on the JAD website.

Symposium provides global perspectives on brain health, computational psychiatry
On April 14, 2016 the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas and its partners at the Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute at The University California, Berkeley, will host the tenth annual Reprogramming the Brain to Health Symposium focusing on computational psychiatry and neurology.

New target found in search for new, more effective herbicide
Scientists at the John Innes Centre have discovered a new target in plants for the development of new herbicides for use by farmers and gardeners.

UM professor earns prestigious CAREER Award from National Science Foundation
University of Montana Assistant Professor John McCutcheon recently received the National Science Foundation's most prestigious award for junior faculty.

Advances in Radiation Oncology journal closes first issue
Advances in Radiation Oncology, ASTRO's new original research journal, has closed its first issue with research including a phase II clinical trial in prostate cancer, a prospective trial in quality of life for breast cancer patients receiving radiotherapy and several clinical and medical physics reports on the use of stereotactic body radiotherapy.

Two new zoantharian species found on eunicid worms in the dark in the Indo-Pacific ocean
While researching the understudied fauna of the genus Epizoanthus in the Indo-Pacific Ocean, Japanese scientists focused on examining species living with eunicid worms, where they form a colony on the outside of the worm's tube.

'Housing Policy Debate' publishes Penn Nursing & Cornell study on affordable housing
The team researched a quasi-random assignment of 84 ACHIEVEability participants to their housing units.

Iron in the blood could cause cell damage, say researchers
Concentrations of iron similar to those delivered through standard treatments can trigger DNA damage within 10 minutes, when given to cells in the laboratory.

Feeling older increases risk of hospitalization, study says
People who feel older than their peers are more likely to be hospitalized as they age, regardless of their actual age or other demographic factors, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

The third sister: Long-suspected third desert tortoise species proven to exist in Mexico
The huge variability among the desert tortoise populations of Mexico has finally been given an explanation after casting doubts for several decades.

Including sexual orientation & gender identity data in electronic records: What are the next steps?
Appropriate data collection, staff training, LGBT patient education, and nondiscrimination policies are all needed now that the federal government has required that electronic health records (EHR) systems certified under the Meaningful Use Incentive Program be capable of collecting information on patients' sexual orientation (gay, lesbian, or bisexual) and gender identity,

Biosensors on demand
New research published in Nature Methods by a team at Harvard's Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering and Harvard Medical School (HMS) leverages combination of computational protein design, in vitro synthesis and in vivo testing to establish a first-of-its-kind strategy for identifying custom-tailored biosensors.

'Electrospray' could revolutionize manufacturing; grant recipient to explore 3-D printing
Paul Chiarot, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Binghamton University, recently received a five-year, $500,000 grant from the National Science Foundation's most prestigious program for early-career researchers, and he aims to redefine 3-D printing at a very fine scale.

First nationwide survey of climate change education
How is climate change being taught in American schools? Is it being taught at all?

New book hones in on animal performance
How animals function in their natural habitat and how evolution has shaped this function are the focus of a new book -- 'Animal Athletes' -- written by biologists at the University of California, Riverside and the University of Massachusetts Amherst.

How your brain might be secretly thwarting your New Year's resolutions
The human brain is wired to pay attention to previously pleasing things -- a finding that could help explain why it's hard to break bad habits or stick to New Year's resolutions.
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