Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 16, 2016
Results of first search for visible light associated with gravitational waves
The LIGO Virgo Collaboration has announced the first direct detection of gravitational waves, emitted by a merging pair of black holes.

Person-centered app helps women with breast cancer
The face-to-face meetings between the patient and the care provider might be successfully complemented with person-centered e-support.

Early family system types predict children's emotional attention
The type of family system during pregnancy and the baby's first year predicts the way the child processes emotional information.

Involving spiritual organizations may reduce health disparities among urban Black women
Collaborating with spiritual organizations may help health professionals reach Black women who have heart disease and stroke risk factors and little health knowledge, according to research presented at the Nursing Symposium of the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2016.

Researchers: Peer review system for awarding NIH grants is flawed
The mechanism used by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to allocate government research funds to scientists whose grants receive its top scores works essentially no better than distributing those dollars at random, new research suggests.

Portion of ancient Australian chert microstructures definitively pseudo-fossils
A team of scientists including Carnegie's Dina Bower and Andrew Steele weigh in on whether microstructures found in 3.46 billion-year-old samples of a silica-rich rock called chert found in Western Australia are the planet's oldest fossils.

Livestock donations to Zambian households yield higher income, improved diet
Giving livestock to poor families in Zambia increases household income by about 25 percent.

First-in-man trial of MERS vaccine begins at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research
The Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR) began vaccinations Tuesday in a Phase 1 clinical trial to evaluate the safety and immune response in humans to a vaccine candidate to prevent Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS).

Manipulative behavior could be link between EI and delinquency in young women
A Plymouth University academic has published a study showing that young women with high emotional intelligence are more likely to use manipulative behaviors, resulting in a greater engagement in delinquency.

Zika doesn't deter Americans from traveling abroad, study shows
Global concerns about Zika virus aren't stopping Americans from making international travel plans, a new study finds, but many who do plan to go abroad say they want more information about the virus.

A penny for our thoughts? Copper influx key to brain cell development
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have used a precision sensor in a chicken embryo to find dramatic differences in the use of copper between developing and fully mature neurons.

Ocean oases: How islands support more sea-life
A 60 year-old theory explaining why seas surrounding islands and atolls are particularly productive has just been proven.

Are conservation efforts for coral reefs misguided?
A recent global analysis indicates that more than half of coral reefs are located less than 30 minutes from the nearest human settlement, but these reefs are receiving less protection than reefs located farther away from people.

Good survival of 'blue babies' and children with congenital heart defects
Over 90 percent of those operated on for congenital heart defects as children, for example, due to blue baby syndrome, are alive 20 years post-surgery.

Oral bacteria linked to risk of stroke
In a study of patients entering the hospital for acute stroke, researchers have increased their understanding of an association between certain types of stroke and the presence of the oral bacteria (cnm-positive Streptococcus mutans).

Plant breeders, growers should pay attention to flush in fight against citrus greening disease
New research shows that citrus trees are most likely to become infected with citrus greening disease during 'flush,' a stage in growth from the emergence of leaves until they expand to full size, but before they become thick and leathery.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Winston threatening Tonga and American Samoa
NASA satellites have been providing data on Tropical Cyclone Winston in the Southwestern Pacific, and watched the storm over the past couple of days as it weakened to a tropical storm.

Trouble sleeping associated with behavioral problems in children with autism
New research from the University of Missouri has found associations between trouble sleeping and behavioral problems in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Correcting a misconception: Stick insect's propulsion joint discovered
The stick insect is a popular model organism in biological research for gaining a better understanding of insect walking movements.

'Global Grand Challenges' to highlight Colorado State University research
The Office of the Vice President for Research at Colorado State University will host Global Grand Challenges: Research and Translation, Wednesday, Feb.

Watch your step -- forensics close in on footwear analysis
First it was your fingerprint that gave the game away and then DNA analysis transformed forensic science.

Slavery carried bilharzia parasites from West Africa to the Caribbean, genomics confirms
In Scientific Reports, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Imperial College London and Royal Veterinary College scientists used the full DNA sequences of Schistosoma mansoni parasites from Africa and the French Caribbean to discover the flatworm's origins, map its historic transmission and identify the secrets of its success in infecting human beings.

Testing the power of stem cell-derived heart muscle cells
A new study published in the Feb. 15 issue of the Journal of Cell Biology by Kit Parker's research team at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering and the John A.

New survey shows strong public support for medical research in Louisiana
Louisiana's status as a leader in medical and health research is important to a strong majority of residents (89 percent), according to a state-based public opinion survey commissioned by Research!America.

Easter Island not destroyed by war, analysis of 'spear points' shows
Analysis of artifacts found on the shores of Rapa Nui, Chile (Easter Island) originally thought to be used as spear points reveal that these objects were likely general purpose tools instead, providing evidence contrary to the widely held belief that the ancient civilization was destroyed by warfare.

Scientists discover genetic changes linked to a major risk factor for blinding trachoma
Another clue to the workings of trachoma -- the world's leading infectious cause of blindness -- has been revealed in a new study.

There are always bacteria lurking in dental equipment, suggests research
Bacteria lurking in the water lines at the dentist's office are tougher than we thought, according to a new paper published in Water Research.

3-D printed flowers provide insights on how orchids attract pollinators
By using 3-D printing to make casts fir realistic artificial flowers, researchers have discovered how a type of orchid deceives flies into pollinating it, by pretending to be a mushroom.

AGU: Better, faster tsunami warnings possible with GPS
Better, faster tsunami warnings are possible with GPS.

Research explains near-island biological hotspots in barren ocean basins
Coral reef islands and atolls in the Pacific are predominantly surrounded by vast areas of ocean that have very low nutrient levels and low ecological production.

Akron polymer engineer receives prestigious Roy W. Tess Award in Coatings
Dr. Mark Soucek, a professor in the Department of Polymer Engineering at The University of Akron, will be awarded the prestigious American Chemical Society's Division of Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering (PMSE) Roy W.

Oxygen was present in the atmosphere much earlier than previously assumed
Reconstructing the emergence and evolution of life on our planet is tightly linked to the questions as to when and to what extent Earth's atmosphere became oxygenated.

Study compares tests to detect acute HIV infection
In a study appearing in the Feb. 16 issue of JAMA, Philip J.

Impact of climate change on parasite infections depends on host immunity
New research demonstrates how climate change and an individual's immune reaction can affect the dynamics of parasite infections.

Initiative seeks to bridge research and care related to mental illness
A new initiative seeks to bring findings from mental health research into the clinic, with the goal of developing better treatments for psychological disorders.

RNA modification discovery suggests new code for control of gene expression
A new cellular signal discovered by a team of scientists at the University of Chicago with scientists from Tel Aviv University provides a promising new lever in the control of gene expression.

Cyber thieves making millions in profits
Cyber thieves who steal credit and debit card numbers are making millions of dollars in profits, fueling a global criminal enterprise marked by the high-profile data breaches of major companies such as Target and Home Depot.

Are women with epilepsy using effective contraception?
In the largest study of contraceptive practices of women with epilepsy, 30 percent did not use highly effective contraception despite being at higher risk of having children with fetal malformations due to the anti-epilepsy medications they take.

Predicting if young men will live with their kids
In one of the first reproductive health studies to focus on young men and fatherhood, Northwestern Medicine has found an adolescent male's attitude toward risky sex, pregnancy and birth control can predict whether or not he will end up living with his future offspring.

How cancer spreads throughout the body
Fast metastasis and resistance to treatment are characteristic of aggressive types of cancer such as pancreatic cancer and certain kinds of breast cancer.

Evidence insufficient to make recommendation regarding screening for autism
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has concluded that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children 18 to 30 months of age for whom no concerns of ASD have been raised by their parents or a clinician.

What your gut bacteria can tell you about type 2 diabetes
Identifying changes in the types and activities of microorganisms that live in the human gut could help early diagnosis of type 2 diabetes (T2D), a study by researchers from the Broad Institute in the US and Seoul National University, South Korea, has found.

Benefits associated with the reduction of mercury emissions far outweigh industry cost
After a review of the recent scientific literature, researchers concluded that the benefits associated with the reduction of mercury emissions far outweigh the cost to industry.

The pros and cons of statistical tools to spot cartels
In a new Significance article, Carsten Crede, of the Centre for Competition Policy and the School of Economics at the University of East Anglia, outlines the pros and cons of cartel screens, which are statistical tools to help spot bad business behavior.

Arachnophobes overestimate spider sizes, according to Ben-Gurion University researchers
'We found that although individuals with both high and low arachnophobia rated spiders as highly unpleasant, only the highly fearful participants overestimated the spider size,' explains Dr.

Colorectal cancer patients need colonoscopy after cancer resection
It is critically important that colorectal cancer patients undergo colonoscopy after surgery to ensure that they do not have a second colon cancer, and to find and remove any additional polyps.

Nocturnal migrating songbirds drift with crosswinds and compensate near coastal areas
Using novel, recently developed techniques for analysis of Doppler polarimetric weather surveillance radar data, a University of Oklahoma team examined impediments (crosswinds and oceans) of nocturnally migrating songbirds in Eastern North America.

New guide from AGS, NHTSA a green light to promoting safe driving for older adults
A newly updated guide from the American Geriatrics Society (AGS) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) walks through key issues, opportunities, and challenges faced by older drivers, their healthcare professionals, and their caregivers.

Redefine your camera!
Columbia Engineering Professor Shree Nayar and colleagues have developed Cambits, a modular imaging system that enables the user to create a wide range of computational cameras.

TAxI shuttles protein cargo into spinal cord
The peptide TAxi is an effective vehichle for shuttling functional proteins, such as active enzymes, into the spinal cord after a muscle injection.

Simplifying supersonic nozzle pressure monitoring
A bit of serendipity while carrying out a routine calibration led a researcher at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to discover a new method to measure the pressure of supersonic nozzles.

Photographs and music lessen patients' anxiety before surgery
A new study found that viewing photographs combined with listening to music can less patients' anxiety before surgical operations and improve their physical and psychological well-being.

Conference looks at huge challenges associated with data from drones
Drone technology and data issues associated with it will come under the spotlight at a major conference at The University of Queensland (UQ) tomorrow, Thursday, Feb.

Decline in Chinese HFMD epidemic projected under new vaccination scheme
Broad vaccination with newly available monovalent hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) vaccines will decrease HFMD incidence in China, according to predictions from an epidemiologic model published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Heart organizations support core quality measures, with reservations
The American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology support new Core Measures for quality cardiovascular care, but the organizations are concerned about the inclusion of two conflicting measures addressing blood pressure control for patients with hypertension.

Animals revived after being in a frozen state for over 30 years
Tardigrades (water bears) were successfully revived and reproduced after having been frozen for over 30 years.

Antibody-coated drug-eluting stents for coronary heart disease: No hint of benefit
Due to a lack of suitable data, in patients with coronary heart disease the benefit of antibody-coated drug-eluting stents versus drug-eluting stents without antibody coating is unclear.

UTA researchers devise more efficient materials for solar fuel cells
University of Texas at Arlington chemists have developed new high-performing materials for cells that harness sunlight to split carbon dioxide and water into usable fuels like methanol and hydrogen gas.

Electronic health records can help catch undiagnosed cases of type 2 diabetes
By mining electronic health records, UCLA big data experts have develop a screening algorithm with the potential to vastly increase the number of correct diagnoses of the disease by refining the pool of candidates who are put forward for screening.

Rechargeable battery expert awarded prestigious E.W.R. Steacie Memorial Fellowship
A University of Waterloo researcher is the recipient of an E.W.R Steacie Memorial Fellowship from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada for his work in developing new materials that make batteries and fuel cells smaller, lighter and longer-lasting.

What factors affect non-compliance with endocrine therapy among young women with breast cancer?
A new study from Harvard Medical School of young women with hormone receptor-positive (HR+) breast cancer showed that more than half did not believe endocrine therapy was essential, even though it has been proven to reduce recurrence and improve survival.

New understanding of TB could lead to personalized treatments
TB killed 1.5 million people in 2014. This, combined with the increasing number of drug-resistant cases, means we need to look for new treatment options.

Injuries and other health concerns are more common in older people after certain cancer surgeries
Older people who undergo cancer surgery are more likely than their younger counterparts to experience injuries and health issues such as falling down, breaking bones, dehydration, bed sores, failure to thrive and delirium.

Life sciences company licenses IU School of Medicine enzyme-production technology
BellBrook Labs Inc. has licensed technology developed by Thomas Hurley, Chancellor's Professor and interim chair of the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the Indiana University School of Medicine.

Louisiana Tech professor honored for contributions to underground technology industry
Dr. Tom Iseley, professor of civil engineering and construction engineering technology and director of the Trenchless Technology Center at Louisiana Tech University, has been selected a 2016 UCTA MVP (Most Valuable Professional) by the Underground Construction Technology Association (UCTA) and Underground Construction magazine.

Adderall misuse rising among young adults
While the number of prescriptions for the stimulant Adderall has remained unchanged among young adults, misuse and emergency room visits related to the drug have risen dramatically in this group, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

Synthetic plant hormones shut down DNA repair in cancer cells
Two drugs that mimic a common plant hormone effectively cause DNA damage and turn off a major DNA repair mechanism, suggesting their potential use as an anti-cancer therapy.

UC recieves $1.9 million to study pain
Two patients, each with the same debilitating nerve pain, walk into a clinic for a sympathetic block.

Improve winter road safety in Canada to decrease number of deaths
The annual deaths that occur each winter in Canada due to poor road conditions can be reduced with a multipronged strategy, argues an editorial inCanadian Medical Association Journal.

Cancer Treatment Centers of America hosts second-annual cancer treatments conference
Cancer Treatment Centers of America (CTCA) at Western Regional Medical Center (Western) is hosting its second Annual New Treatments in Oncology (ANTO) conference March 5, focused on advances in cancer research, new treatments and patient care.

New project focuses on dementia in farming and rural communities
'Farming, Dementia and Networks of Care' is the first project of its kind to focus specifically on farming communities and dementia, and its results will be useful for farming communities, healthcare and service providers, and academics researching the condition.

First-in-class drug ONC201 shows potential for some blood cancers
ONC201, an anti-cancer drug that triggers cell death in various tumor types, may have clinical potential for some blood cancers including mantel cell lymphoma (MCL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML), according to a recent clinical study.

New study reveals fresh avocado-substituted diet significantly changes lipid profile
Can a single ingredient swap make an impact on health?

How early is infants' attention affected by surrounding culture?
Do the cultures in which we live shape how we view the objects and events in the world that surrounds us?

Scientific realism conference tackles the 'Big Question'
Does predictive success mean that scientific theories are true? that question will drive 'The History of Science and Contemporary Scientific Realism,' conference Feb.

First detection of super-Earth atmosphere
For the first time astronomers were able to analyse the atmosphere of an exoplanet in the class known as super-Earths.

Finnish SME's are boosting the development of new fibre products
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd and Lahti University of Applied Sciences will develop optimised product properties for fibre products and biocomposites that have been manufactured using a foam-forming technology.

New RNA letter regulates gene expression
A new study from Tel Aviv University and other institutions finds that RNA, considered the DNA template for protein translation, often appears with an extra letter -- and this letter is the regulatory key for control of gene expression.

Breaking the strongest link triggered Big Baja Earthquake
An earthquake involving a system of small faults can be more damaging than a single event.

Enhanced levels of carbon dioxide are likely cause of global dryland greening, study says
Enhanced levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide are a likely key driver of global dryland greening, according to a paper published today in the journal Scientific Reports.

Graphene becomes superconductive -- Electrons with 'no mass' flow with 'no resistance'
The collaborative team of Tohoku University and the University of Tokyo has developed a method to grow high-quality graphene on a silicon carbide (SiC) crystal by controlling the number of graphene sheets.

Fossil analysis pushes back human split from other primates by 2 million years
A paper in the latest issue of the journal Nature suggests a common ancestor of apes and humans, Chororapithecus abyssinicus, evolved in Africa, not Eurasia, two million years earlier than previously thought.

Scientists explore whether estrogen is key in making younger, obese women hypertensive
There's no doubt estrogen plays a big role in the differences between males and females, and now researchers want to know if it also helps explain emerging sex differences in what makes younger, obese men and women hypertensive.

Columbia Center receives grant from Cohen Foundation to study tick borne diseases
The Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health announced today that it has received a $1.9 million grant from the Steven & Alexandra Cohen Foundation for tick-borne disease research.

Overcrowding linked to violence and falls on psychiatric wards
Overcrowding is a common problem in Israeli inpatient psychiatric wards, and appears to contribute to higher rates of problem incidents -- including falls and aggressive behavior, reports a study in the March issue of Medical Care.

Social media face threats affect relationships; communication helps
Grounded in theory, D. Yvette Wohn, Ph.D., an assistant professor in the information systems department at NJIT's College of Computing Sciences, explores the relationship between humans and technology using fundamental research tactics.

Science Signaling companion articles describe ONC201 mechanism of action
Companion research articles from leading groups at MD Anderson Cancer Center and Fox Chase Cancer Center that describe ONC201's ability to uniquely activate the integrated stress response, a powerful anti-cancer signaling pathway, will appear in the American Association for the Advancement of Science Journal Science Signaling.

Heart arrhythmia drug may fight plaque buildup in blood vessels
New research in mice provides convincing evidence that digoxin, a drug prescribed to treat atrial fibrillation, can help protect against atherosclerosis.

Renewable fuels from algae boosted by NREL refinery process
A new biorefinery process developed by scientists at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has proven to be significantly more effective at producing ethanol from algae than previous research.

2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting: Press conference schedule; briefings streamed online; badge pickup
Discover the latest in ocean science research at the 2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting, taking place from Feb.

Disease, warming oceans rock lobster and sea star populations
Two new Cornell University studies show how diverse marine organisms are susceptible to diseases made worse by warming oceans.

First detection of gases in super-Earth atmosphere
The first successful detection of gases in the atmosphere of a super-Earth reveals the presence of hydrogen and helium, but no water vapor, according to UCL researchers.

Absorption of polyphenolic compounds in mangos shows potential benefits to human health
The absorption, metabolism, and excretion of mango galloyl derivatives have not previously been investigated in humans.

African countries announce integration of meningitis vaccine into childhood immunization programs
Global vaccine experts and officials from all 26 African 'meningitis belt' countries will convene in Ethiopia next week in advance of the Ministerial Conference on Immunization to celebrate one of Africa's biggest public health achievements -- the introduction of a vaccine that in five years of use has protected more than 235 million people in 16 countries, nearly eliminating meningitis A disease on the continent.

Cytokine plays dual role in regulating inflammatory bowel disease, study finds
Small proteins that affect communication between cells play an important role in regulating inflammation that occurs during inflammatory bowel disease, according to researchers at Georgia State University, Emory University, the University of Michigan and Amgen, a biotechnology company.

Discovery could lead to new treatment strategy against TB
By uncovering the 3-dimensional structure of an enzyme that is critical for the survival of the bacterium that cause tuberculosis, researchers may be one step closer to developing a new strategy to combat TB infections.

Combating the sinister side of crowdsourcing
Computer science researchers at Utah State University have secured a major grant for an ongoing study on crowdsource manipulation.

What does turbulence have in common with an epidemic?
Fluid flows can take one of two forms: well-ordered 'laminar' or highly disordered 'turbulent' motion.

Chinese culture supports family caregiving for stroke survivors
Chinese cultural values underlie the willingness of family members to care for stroke survivors at home, so interventions to support caregivers should consider incorporating these values, according to research presented at the Nursing Symposium of the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2016.

Researchers highlight brain region as 'ground zero' of Alzheimer's disease
A critical but vulnerable region in the brain appears to be the first place affected by late onset Alzheimer's disease and may be more important for maintaining cognitive function in later life than previously appreciated, according to a new review of the scientific literature.

Titan probes depths of biofuel's biggest barrier
Cellulosic ethanol -- fuel derived from woody plants and waste biomass -- has the potential to become an affordable, renewable transportation fuel that rivals gasoline, but lignin, one of the most ubiquitous components of the plant cell wall, gets in the way.

Brain structural effects of psychopharmacological treatment in bipolar disorder
Bipolar disorder is associated with subtle neuroanatomical deficits. This review considers evidence that lithium, mood stabilizers, antipsychotic medication and antidepressant medications are associated with neuroanatomical variation.

Mutual mistrust may have added a few X-files to the UFO era
Uncloaking the flying saucer movement in the United States could offer historians a snapshot of Cold War attitudes at work in society, as well as insights into how science communication may be tied to current denialism and conspiracy theory movements, according to a Penn State historian.

Some chemotherapy drugs may improve tumor response to immune checkpoint therapy
The use of certain traditional chemotherapy drugs may expand the number of tumors that respond to one of today's most promising cancer therapies -- immune checkpoint blockade.

Male cancer survivors less likely to reproduce
Young male cancer survivors are three times as likely to turn to assisted fertilization to have children as males without a cancer diagnosis.

Advance could aid development of nanoscale biosensors
A technique called plasmonic interferometry has the potential to enable compact, ultra-sensitive biosensors for a variety of applications.

New ways to construct contactless magnetic gears
OIST scientist has generalized the theory of smooth magnetic couplings in preparation for a small 3-D printed prototype car.

Compound in green tea found to block rheumatoid arthritis
Researchers at Washington State University in Spokane have identified a potential new approach to combating the joint pain, inflammation and tissue damage caused by rheumatoid arthritis.

Graphic cigarette warnings trigger brain areas key to quitting smoking
Viewing graphic anti-smoking images on cigarette packs triggers activity in brain areas involved in emotion, decision-making and memory as observed via brain scans.

Revolutionary flexible smartphone allows users to feel the buzz by bending their apps
Researchers at Queen's University's Human Media Lab have developed the world's first full-color, high-resolution and wireless flexible smartphone to combine multitouch with bend input.

'Ecologically diverse' breast cancers more likely to be deadly
Breast cancers which are particularly complex and diverse, as judged by a test used in ecology to analyze species of animals and plants, are particularly likely to progress and lead to death, a new study shows.

New book takes stock of America's roads and bridges
For his latest book, 'The Road Taken,' prolific Duke University author and engineering professor Henry Petroski explores the history, technology and politics involved in everything from constructing the largest bridge span to filling the smallest pothole.

Are transgender individuals fit to serve in the military?
A new study shows that transgender active-duty US military personnel report few lifetime mental and physical health problems.

NASA sees a stronger Tropical Cyclone Uriah
Cloud top temperatures in storms within Tropical Cyclone Uriah grew colder over the last couple of days, according to infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite.

New test detects chlamydia in 30 minutes
University of Bath spin-out biotechnology company Atlas Genetics has won approval from the EU to sell a device that detects the sexually transmitted disease chlamydia.

Immune response to flu vaccine linked to recipients' ethnic background
How well a flu shot protects you from the virus can depend on your ethnic background and other inherited factors, report Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientists.

Planning algorithm also generates contingency plans
Researchers at MIT and the Australian National University (ANU) have made the problem even more complex, by developing a planning algorithm that also generates contingency plans, should the initial plan prove too risky.

Mining a deep vein of data, researchers make key findings on IV device use
By looking at data from 10 Michigan hospitals participating in an unprecedented collaborative quality-improvement effort, researchers have shown how much variation exists when it comes to the use of intravenous devices called peripherally inserted central catheters, or PICCs.

Care, disease management and sociobehavioral interventions in China and Australia
A Sino-Australian forum is the theme of the new issue of Family Medicine and Community Health.

MD Anderson researchers propose new staging for HPV-related oropharyngeal cancer
Human papillomavirus (HPV) status is a strong predictor of prognosis for patients with oropharyngeal carcinoma (OPC), but the current staging system does not adequately account for biological and clinical differences between HPV-positive OPC and HPV-negative OPC, commonly caused by alcohol and tobacco use.

Gene could help identify psychosis risk in cannabis users
The finding could help identify otherwise healthy users who are most at risk of developing psychosis.

A new method to dramatically improve the sequencing of metagenomes
An international team of computer scientists developed a method that greatly improves researchers' ability to sequence the DNA of organisms that can't be cultured in the lab, such as microbes living in the human gut or bacteria living in the depths of the ocean.

'Beiging' white fat cells to fight diabetes
Researchers are getting closer to learning how to turn white fat cells into brown fat cells, in a process called 'beiging,' to bring down blood sugar levels and fight diabetes.

Necessity, the mother of participation
A new Tel Aviv University study finds that a mother's positive attitude to involvement in everyday activities and a sense of competency in the performance of parental tasks accounts for a significant proportion the successful participation of autistic children in day-to-day activities.

Push the tobacco industry to change through economic incentives, researchers say
Public health measures to reduce smoking would have more success if policy makers intervened to curb the vast profitability of the tobacco industry, say University researchers.

Wistar scientists show how cancerous cells evade a potent targeted therapy
Researchers at The Wistar Institute have discovered how STAT3 behaves in immature myeloid cells known as myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), and they believe they have found the basis for a much more effective method of using STAT3 inhibitors to stop cancer progression in its tracks.

Losing the fight against antibiotic resistance
There is new evidence that antibiotic resistance breaks through environmental and clinical boundaries.

Salt and sodium intake remains high in China
Yongning Wu, Ph.D., of the China National Centre for Food Safety Risk Assessment, Beijing, China, and colleagues compared salt and sodium consumption in China in 2000 with 2009-2012.

Study suggests sildenafil may relieve severe form of edema in swimmers
Swimmers and divers who are prone to a sudden and potentially life-threatening form of pulmonary edema in cold water could benefit from a simple and readily available dose of sildenafil, according to findings from a small study by Duke Health researchers

Journal to publish paper by video-gamers based on Stanford online RNA game
A scientific paper written by video-gamers has been accepted for publication in a peer-reviewed journal, perhaps the first time since the days of Benjamin Franklin that work led by non-credentialed 'citizen scientists' will appear in such a format.

Gravitational wave detection validates Einstein & early work of UMD physicists
An international team of scientists that includes UMD physicists has opened an unprecedented new window on the universe with the first observation of ripples in space-time known as gravitational waves.

NASA helps power grids weather geomagnetic storms
Because space weather can have -- at its very worst -- such significant consequences, scientists from NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., are creating models to simulate how space weather can impact our power grid.

TSRI scientists create vaccine against dangerous designer opioids
With use of synthetic opioid 'designer drugs' on the rise, scientists from The Scripps Research Institute have a new strategy to curb addiction and even prevent fatal overdoses.

UT Southwestern scientists find potential treatment for Friedreich's ataxia
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have identified synthetic RNA and DNA that reverses the protein deficiency causing Friedreich's ataxia, a neurological disease for which there is currently no cure.

Running helps mice slow cancer growth
Here's one more benefit of exercise: mice who spent their free time on a running wheel were better able to shrink tumors (a 50 percent reduction in tumor size) compared to their less active counterparts.

Beavers bring environmental benefits
A study into the ecology and habitat engineering of beavers reintroduced to Scotland has found the creatures bring numerous benefits to the environment. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to