Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 17, 2016
Progress toward an HIV cure highlighted in special issue of AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
A cure for HIV/AIDS is the ultimate goal of rapidly advancing research involving diverse and innovative approaches.

Explaining autism
Recognizing a need to better understand the biology that produces Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) symptoms, scientists at Duke-NUS Medical School (Duke-NUS) and the National Neuroscience Institute (NNI), Singapore, have teamed up and identified a novel mechanism that potentially links abnormal brain development to the cause of ASDs.

NASA catches Tropical Cyclone Uriah nearing peak
NASA's Terra satellite passed over Tropical Cyclone Uriah early on Feb 17 when the storm was nearing peak intensity and showed a powerful storm with an eye wide open.

Rolling stones, turbulence connect evolution to physics
A law of physics explaining why larger animals live longer and travel further also extends to the simplest forms of mass migration on the planet -- like rolling stones and turbulent eddies in water and air currents, according to Duke research.

$7 million NIH grant for Charleston Alcohol Research Center funds innovative treatments
When it comes to alcohol, not all brains are created equal.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Winston intensifying near Tonga
NASA's Aqua satellite provided a visible picture of Tropical Cyclone Winston as it continued to intensify over the Southern Pacific Ocean and affect Tonga.

Parvus' nanotechnology treatment reprograms immune cells to reverse autoimmune disease
Nanotechnology approach restores glucose regulation and motor function in in vivo preclinical models of diabetes and multiple sclerosis, respectively; joint swelling and destruction resolved in in vivo model of rheumatoid arthritis.

Common antibiotics may be linked to temporary mental confusion
Antibiotics may be linked to a serious disruption in brain function, called delirium, and other brain problems, more than previously thought, according to a 'Views and Reviews' article published in the Feb.

Higher incubation temperature and improved chicken welfare
A new research project will examine whether increased incubation temperatures may reduce the occurrence of leg problems in broilers.

Study finds stigma regarding weight loss may be overblown
A qualitative study from North Carolina State University finds that most people who have lost a lot of weight don't perceive themselves as being 'judged' because they used to be overweight or obese -- which contradicts earlier research that people were still stigmatized even after reaching a healthy weight.

Pregnancy in older age increases stroke, heart attack risk years later
Women pregnant at age 40 or older face a greater risk of stroke and heart attack later in life than those pregnant at a younger age.

Protein structure illuminates how viruses take over cells
Salk Institute and collaborators show key molecular differences between viruses as they interact with host DNA.

Researchers publish on connection between anal cancer, HPV
Researchers at Women & Infants Hospital, a Care New England hospital, recently published the results of a study demonstrating a connection between anal cancer and human papillomavirus infection.

Number of strokes increase as pollution levels rise
Stroke may be associated with climate change and air pollution.

Alcohol exposure before birth may later amplify neurological problems from stroke
Exposure to alcohol before birth might impair kidney blood flow in adulthood and heighten neurological problems caused by a stroke, according to an animal study presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2016.

How does the gut microbiota respond to iron replacement?
Iron deficiency is often an issue in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases.

Fiamma Straneo selected for prestigious Sverdrup Lecture
The American Geophysical Union has chosen Fiamma Straneo, a physical oceanographer at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, to deliver the Sverdrup Lecture at this year's meeting of the Ocean Sciences section held in New Orleans from Feb.

Wearable robot transforms musicians into 3-armed drummers
Georgia Institute of Technology researchers have built a wearable robotic limb that allows drummers to play with three arms.

Early gene flow from modern humans into Neanderthals
Researchers have found the first genetic evidence of modern human DNA in a Neanderthal individual.

Restoring gut bacteria to youthful age linked to improved stroke recovery in mice
Restoring microorganisms in the gut to a youthful age was linked to improved stroke recovery in old mice, according to a new study presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2016.

500 million-year-old fossils show how extinct organisms attacked their prey
Most fossils preserve the physical remains of organisms and their structure; however, geologists and paleobiologists at the University of Missouri recently collaborated to study fossils that reveal the behaviors of predators preserved as traces in ancient sediments.

Louisiana Tech University researchers study prevalence, impact of 'serial inventors'
Researchers from Louisiana Tech University have published a study on the prevalence and impacts of 'serial inventors' -- scientists and engineers within university research communities who are particularly inventive and produce patents at a high level.

Science on salt is polarized, study finds
An analysis of scientific reports and comments on the health effects of a salty diet reveals a polarization between those supportive of the hypothesis that population-wide reduction of salt intake is associated with better health and those that were not.

Use of breast conservation surgery for cancer decreases; high-rate of reoperation
In a study published online by JAMA Surgery, Art Sedrakyan, M.D., Ph.D., of Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, and colleagues examined the use of breast conservation surgery (BCS) in New York State and determined rates of reoperation, procedure choice, and the effect of surgeon experience on the odds of a reoperation 90 days after BCS.

Scientists discover bird blood cell which destroys fatal fungal infection
Scientists have discovered that a specialised white blood cell found in birds can destroy a potentially fatal fungal infection which affects more than one million people every year.

Call for changes in EU policy to address migrant crisis
A series of proposed changes to EU policy on refugees and migrants has been released by researchers at the University of Warwick.

Orchid's scent stronger in Swiss lowlands than mountains
Pollinators select orchids with stronger scents in the Swiss lowlands, than in the mountains, according to a study published Feb.

Getting out of hospital bed for short periods soon after stroke can improve outcomes
In their aim to provide a guideline for healthcare providers about the timing, frequency and amount of in-hospital mobilization of stroke patients, researchers studied the care and recovery of more than 2,100 patients admitted to a hospital stroke unit, according to research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2016.

Evolution silences harmful mutations
Sometimes so-called synonymous mutations occur in DNA. These do not lead to a change in the protein sequence but which may still have major negative effects on the ability of bacteria to survive.

Migraine with aura linked to clot-caused strokes
Migraines with aura patients were more than twice as likely to have an ischemic stroke than people who have migraines without aura.

More low-income adults enrolled in health coverage under the Affordable Care Act
A University of Louisville study published today in Health Affairs, found low-income Kentuckians without health insurance declined by 68 percent from 35 percent uninsured at the end of 2013 to 11 percent in late 2014.

Bizarre snail that swims like a flying insect
Sea butterflies are microscopic snails that swim in Arctic waters using wing-like structures that protrude from the shell opening, but now scientists from the Georgia Institute of Technology, USA, have discovered that they probably have more in common with insects than other molluscs.

Bullied preemies may develop mental illness as adults: Study
The study included ELBW babies who were 2.2 pounds or less at their birth between 1977 and 1982 in Ontario, who were interviewed at age 8, 22 to 26 and 29 to 36.

After stroke, most patients prefer video conferencing for communication with doctors
Nearly 6 in 10 stroke patients of all ages would prefer to follow up with their physicians after hospital discharge with a video call rather than a traditional phone call, according to new findings from Northwell Health neurologists.

Dynamical systems theory enhances knowledge of Jupiter's atmosphere
In a paper published this month in SIAM Review, authors Alireza Hadjighasem and George Haller use video footage to analyze Jupiter's transport barriers and examine prior conclusions about Jupiter's atmosphere.

Endovascular treatment may preserve mental capacity after stroke
In addition to improving survival and reducing disability, mechanically removing the clot causing an ischemic stroke leads to better cognitive functioning, according to research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2016.

Assessing carbon capture technology
Carbon capture and storage could be used to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and thus ameliorate their impact on climate change.

MD Anderson receives $14 million in CPRIT research funding to recruit top talent
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center was awarded $14 million this week from the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas (CPRIT) for the recruitment of three cancer scientists.

Vaccine shows potential to protect the brain before a stroke
A type of vaccine previously studied to treat high blood pressure may have the potential to protect the brain when administered before a stroke, according to an animal study presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2016.

Fluorescent biosensors light up high-throughput metabolic engineering
Synthetic biologists are learning to turn microbes and unicellular organisms into highly productive factories by re-engineering their metabolism to produce valued commodities such as fine chemicals, therapeutics and biofuels.

Novel combination of ingredients may offer greater support for infant brain development
A recent study from U of I found evidence that a novel combination of prebiotics, milk fat globule membrane (MFGM), and lactoferrin added to a DHA- and ARA-containing formula fed to piglets, advanced overall brain development compared to piglets who were fed a formula containing only DHA and ARA (both omega fatty acids that are now standard in infant formula).

Testosterone treatment improves sexual activity, walking and mood in older men
As men age, their testosterone levels decrease, but prior studies of the effects of administering testosterone to older men have been inconclusive.

Physical therapy cuts urine leaks dramatically for women with osteoporosis
After menopause, women with osteoporosis struggle more with urinary incontinence than women with healthy bones do.

Neanderthals mated with modern humans much earlier than previously thought, study finds
Researchers publish in Nature strong evidence of an interbreeding event between Neanderthals and modern humans occurring ~100,000 years ago, much earlier than any previously documented.

Cost of effective stroke clot-busting drug outpaces reimbursement
The cost of a widely-used clot-busting drug has more than doubled over the past decade, but Medicare/Medicaid reimbursement lags far behind.

UTA researcher earns grant to build conductive bioelastomers for safer tissue engineering
Yi Hong, an assistant professor of bioengineering, has won a five-year, $500,000 National Science Foundation Early Career Development, or CAREER, Program grant to create conductive, single-component and biodegradable elastomers.

Transgenic sweet corn no more susceptible to Goss's wilt disease
A USDA-ARS experiment at the University of Illinois tested whether glyphosate use, transgenic traits, or timing of inoculation with the bacterial vector of Goss's wilt affected disease incidence and yield in sweet corn.

Ensuring ongoing care for patients treated during short-term surgical mission trips
A new study appearing in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery found that a sustainable patient surgical follow-up program may not only be possible, but cost-effective in ensuring acceptable outcomes after orthopaedic mission trips, even in an austere environment.

New clues in the hunt for the sources of cosmic neutrinos
Incredibly dense and powerful objects beyond our Milky Way Galaxy may prevent the escape of high-energy gamma rays that accompany the production of the cosmic neutrinos detected on Earth by the IceCube Neutrino Observatory buried deep in the Antarctic ice sheet, according to a paper to be published in the early online edition of the journal Physical Review Letters on Feb.

Astronomer from Moscow detected a new source of intense gamma-radiation in the sky
Analyzing the data collected by the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope Maxim Pshirkov (The Sternberg Astronomical Institute, MSU) discovered a new source that confirmed the fact that binary systems with strong colliding stellar winds comprise a separate new population of high-energy gamma-ray sources

DoD grant: Can strength training give female soldiers a leg up on the battlefield?
A new clinical trial at Wake Forest University will study the effects of strength training to prevent overuse injuries in female runners which will ultimately help the US Armed Forces retain female recruits and assist with military integration efforts.

Autoantibodies may help detect lung cancer earlier
Preliminary research has identified autoantibodies, immune proteins found in the blood specific for one's own proteins, that can potentially detect lung cancer early by distinguishing between smokers with or without lung cancer and also discriminate between lung cancer and low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) detected non-cancerous lung lesions.

Can CRISPR help edit out female mosquitos?
The recent discovery of the first male-determining factor in mosquitoes, combined with the gene-editing capabilities of the CRISPR-Cas9 system, could be used to bias mosquito populations from deadly, blood-sucking females toward harmless, nectar-feeding males, thus helping to prevent the spread of mosquito-borne diseases.

Study finds common genetic variants that double risk for blood clots in African Americans
New research published online today in Blood the Journal of the American Society of Hematology, identifies common genetic variants predominantly found in African Americans that double their risk for blood clots.

How climate change will affect western groundwater
By 2050 climate change will increase the groundwater deficit even more for four economically important aquifers in the western US, reports a University of Arizona-led team of scientists.

Clot removal may save money and limit disability
Adding mechanical clot removal to clot-busting drugs could lower stroke survivors medical bills, decrease government healthcare as well as non-healthcare related costs, and increase the likelihood of the patient returning to work and participating in society, according to research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2016.

Low-dose exposure of environmental contaminants can be harmful to the human brain
Individuals subjected to chronic low-dose exposure to organochlorine pesticides show and increased risk to obtain a future diagnosis of cognitive impairment.

Researchers reveal new links between heart hormones, obesity, and diabetes
Research from Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute suggests a new approach to treating metabolic disorders, including type 2 diabetes -- targeting the pathway that controls the concentration of certain heart hormones in the blood.

Eight new species of whip spider found in the Brazilian Amazon
Eight new whip spider species have been found in the Brazilian Amazon, almost doubling the number of known charinid whip spider species in Brazil, according to a study published Feb.

Children born in winter have vulnerable lungs
A Norwegian study has discovered three development factors that lead to weaker lungs: Being born during the winter months, having a mother who smoked during pregnancy and experiencing a severe respiratory infection at a very young age.

Researchers identify biomarker for early cognitive decline in Parkinson's disease patients
Many patients with Parkinson's Disease develop mild cognitive impairment or dementia.

Testosterone therapy boosts sexual function and mood in older men
Treatment with testosterone improves sexual function and mood in older men with low testosterone levels, report Yale researchers.

The Lancet Infectious Diseases: New evidence suggests Zika virus can cross placental barrier, but link with microcephaly remains unclear
Zika virus has been detected in the amniotic fluid of two pregnant women whose foetuses had been diagnosed with microcephaly, according to a study published today in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Diabetes drug may prevent recurring strokes
Pioglitazone, a drug used for type 2 diabetes, may prevent recurrent stroke and heart attacks in people with insulin resistance but without diabetes.

Twenty states to receive funding that will save babies' lives
The 'NewSTEPs 360' program, a collaboration between the Colorado School of Public Health and the Association of Public Health Laboratories (APHL), has selected 20 states that will try to improve newborn screening and save the lives of babies who are born with rare but serious conditions.

Punchy proteins could help advance drug delivery, MEMS devices (video)
Earth's critters have developed countless ways to survive. Some bacteria that live inside paramecia, which are tiny aquatic organisms, use a coiled protein ribbon that unfurls like a Chinese paper yo-yo to deliver a toxin to threatening organisms.

Researchers find the tipping point between resilience and collapse in complex systems
Using statistical physics, network theorist Albert László Barabási and his colleagues have developed the first-ever tool to identify whether systems -- be they technological, ecological, or biological -- are in danger of failing.

Feeding a city with better food sources
Access to clean water hasn't been the only health issue facing Flint.

UMass Amherst research creating tool for sustainable cities
Green building expert Simi Hoque at the University of Massachusetts Amherst recently received a five-year, $508,714 National Science Foundation CAREER award to develop an integrated planning tool that will measure, evaluate and predict the impacts of energy, water and land use, waste management and transportation systems at an urban scale.

Spare parts into data bits
Aalto University and VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd launched a research project focusing on digital spare parts in collaboration with 13 companies.

Fifteen international neurointerventional societies join to release new training guidelines to help ensure optimal outcomes for ischemic stroke patients
The Society of NeuroInterventional Surgery (SNIS) today joined 14 other neurointerventional medical societies in releasing new training guidelines for endovascular intervention in ischemic stroke patients.

Rapid symptom improvement may not indicate better stroke recovery
Stroke patients whose symptoms rapidly improved before hospital arrival did not always have a better recovery than patients whose symptoms persisted.

Research finds testosterone treatment improves sexual activity, physical function
Despite inconclusive reports in the past, new research reveals benefits of testosterone treatment for older men with low testosterone levels.

Paleontologist Thomas Tütken receives ERC Consolidator grant
The European Research Council has granted EUR 1.7 million funding to the research project 'Vertebrate Herbivory' led by Dr.

Neanderthals and modern H. sapiens crossbred over 100,000 years ago
A multidisciplinary team which included participants from the Spanish National Research Council has discovered that Homo neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens crossbred over 100,000 years ago.

New research could help improve HIV/AIDS therapies
Reporting in the Feb. 18 issue of the journal Nature, University of Minnesota Hideki Aihara, Zhiqi Yin, and Ke Shi researchers, along with colleagues from Cornell University and St.

Toward longer-lasting fragrances
Fragrances can be powerful. They can sooth or revitalize, evoke the forest or sea, and remind us of the past.

Black Hills warbler population not so isolated after all
Though separated from the rest of their species by hundreds of kilometers, the Virginia's Warblers that colonized South Dakota's Black Hills two decades ago continue to maintain genetic ties with the rest of their species, according to a new study in The Auk: Ornithological Advances.

Quicker clot removal may lead to better outcomes
The faster a blood clot causing a stroke is removed, the less disability a patient may have, according to research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2016.

Study of firefighters finds potential pathway between insomnia and depression
A new study of firefighters suggests that insomnia and nightmares may increase the risk of depression by impairing the ability to access and leverage emotion regulation strategies effectively.

Novel herpes virus isolated from bat cells
Researchers from Maryland and New York have identified a novel herpes virus in cells taken from a bat.

The real value of taking your business offshore
While it seems prestigious -- and tax-savvy -- to be based in the Cayman Islands or Luxembourg, companies that choose to do so aren't actually worth more, according to a new study published in the Journal of Corporate Finance.

Pairing pain medicine with metal ions to battle cancer
Fighting chemoresistant cancer remains a huge challenge that scientists are tackling from as many angles as they can.

Caltech biologists identify gene that helps regulate sleep
Caltech biologists have performed the first large-scale screening in a vertebrate animal for genes that regulate sleep, and have identified a gene that when overactivated causes severe insomnia.

The global healthy weight registry
If there is one thing to avoid when trying to lose or maintain a healthy weight, it's a restrictive diet!

Oxygen-starved oceans held back life's recovery after the 'Great Dying'
Analysis of ancient seabed rocks from disparate locations reveal that life did not rebound until anoxia had fully ebbed.

Researchers find testosterone treatment improves sexual activity, walking, and mood in men over 65
As men age, their testosterone levels decrease, but prior studies of the effects of administering testosterone to older men have been inconclusive.

Benevolence can boost buying at the luxury counter
New research indicates that co-branding with charitable causes at the point of sale can help persuade buyers to purchase luxury products.

NJIT President's Forum and Faculty Research Showcase
Julian Goldman, M.D., will be the keynote speaker for the inaugural President's Forum, a featured event in the Albert Dorman Honors College Colloquium Series.

New physics and application of antiferromagnet uncovered
The research group of Professor Hideo Ohno and Associate Professor Shunsuke Fukami of Tohoku University has studied the control of magnetization using a current applied to heterostructures comprising an antiferromagnet.

A stake in innovation
A new study co-authored by an MIT professor finds that little-known state laws called 'constituency statutes' have significant effects on the quantity and quality of innovative business actions.

Enabling human-robot rescue teams
At the annual meeting of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence last weekend, researchers at MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) presented a new way of modeling robot collaboration that reduces the need for communication by 60 percent.

Biophysical Society 60th Meeting, Feb. 27 - March 2, 2016, Los Angeles
Journalists are invited this month to a major international meeting devoted to biophysics, a field that seeks to uncover fundamental new understanding of the molecular world and find new treatments and tools for fields across medicine and materials science.

Soilless farming suggested as a solution to food shortage in Qatar
For developing countries that have little arable land, such as Qatar, soilless farming could contribute to their agricultural self-sufficiency.

What is risk of mental health, substance use disorders if you use marijuana?
With more states legalizing marijuana for medical and recreational use, there are renewed clinical and policy concerns about the mental health effects of the drug.

Stroke patients unable to identify doctor are more apt to misunderstand medications, care plan
Hospitalized stroke patients are far more likely than general neurology or neurosurgery patients to be unable to identify their attending physician, a knowledge gap that leads to greater odds of also misunderstanding their medication needs and care plan, according to illuminating new research by Northwell Health neurologists.

Alirocumab in hypercholesterolaemia or mixed dyslipidaemia: Added benefit not proven
None of the studies cited in the dossier is suitable for answering the research questions -- among other things, the study durations were too short for a chronic disease.

Study shows children's best hope for the potassium and fiber missing in their diets is potatoes
US children are not consuming enough vegetables, resulting in an inadequate intake of key nutrients which are important for growth, development and overall health.

New study finds promising results for MERS treatment
In a new study, University of Maryland School of Medicine researchers have had promising results with a new treatment for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome.

This week from AGU: Tundra carbon, young atmospheric scientists, Mexico, & 3 new papers
Arctic tundra stores carbon during the summer and releases some of it during the winter.

Marijuana smokers 5 times more likely to develop an alcohol problem
Adults who use marijuana are five times more likely to develop an alcohol use disorder (AUD) -- alcohol abuse or dependence -- compared with adults who do not use the drug.

Grandmas make a huge difference to a baby elephants' survival
Grandmas play a very important role in the long-term success of an elephant herd, reveals University of Stirling research.

New study is 'a leap forward' in our understanding of ice sheet behavior, expert says
UB geologist Jason Briner can discuss the implications of a new climate science paper in Nature by Stokes et al.

Stenting as effective as endarterectomy for preventing strokes in asymptomatic patients
The most modern clinical trial to compare the use of carotid-artery stenting with carotid endarterectomy for the prevention of strokes in asymptomatic patients with serious narrowing of the carotid artery finds no significant differences in outcomes between the two procedures over a period of up to five years.

Virginia Tech researchers suggest gene drive strategy to combat harmful virus spread
Researchers discuss how recent breakthroughs in CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing technology coupled with theirdiscovery last year of a male sex determining gene Nix could be a winning combination for tipping the male-female mosquito ratio in the wild.

USABc awards $1 million to WPI for a novel recycling process for lithium-ion batteries
The United States Advanced Battery Consortium LLC (USABC), a collaborative organization of FCA US LLC, Ford Motor Company, and General Motors, has awarded a two-year, $1 million contract to a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) to support further development and scale-up of a novel process for recycling lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries and producing new plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) battery cells using the recovered cathode materials.

DNA evidence shows that salmon hatcheries cause substantial, rapid genetic changes
A new study on steelhead trout in Oregon offers genetic evidence that wild and hatchery fish are different at the DNA level, and that they can become different with surprising speed.

The chemistry behind Flint's water crisis
When the city of Flint switched drinking water sources in 2014, it triggered a health emergency as startlingly high levels of lead turned up in the water.

Nanoparticles show early promise in reducing inflammation after brain bleed
Nanoparticles from ceria -- a rare earth metal -- might lessen inflammation in the brain following a bleeding stroke (hemorrhagic stroke), according to research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2016.

Hidradenitis suppurativa and risk of adverse cardiovascular events, death
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease marked by painful abscesses that develop in areas where there are large numbers of sweat glands.

Could a noncoding RNA be a new drug target for heart disease?
A new study uncovers a type of noncoding RNA that drives heart failure in mice as a potential therapeutic target for heart disease.

FAU scientist receives NSF grant to develop robotic boats with a 'mind of their own'
The notion of robotic boats that can move, think and make decisions on their own to help human supervisors may be closer than you think.

New synthesis method developed at UEF opens up new possibilities for Li-ion batteries
New novel materials are being developed for next generation Li-ion batteries.

How hunter-gatherers preserved their food sources
New research explores the impact of hunter-gatherers on north Pacific marine food webs and the behaviors that helped preserve their network of food sources.

BTI faculty in world's 'Most Influential Scientific Minds'
Two researchers affiliated with Boyce Thompson Institute were named to the Thomson Reuters list of 2015's 'Most Influential Scientific Minds.' They were both ranked in the top 1 percent of researchers publishing within the field of plant and animal science.

Update on menopausal symptoms and treatment options published in Journal of Women's Health
The vast majority of women going through the period of menopausal transition, or perimenopause, will seek medical help coping with symptoms that can significantly impact their health and quality of life, such as hot flashes, poor sleep, depression, and vaginal dryness.

Bleeding stroke associated with onset of dementia
Bleeding within the brain, or intracerebral hemorrhage, was associated with a high risk of developing dementia post stroke, according to research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2016.

The alcohol harm paradox explained
New research from a collaboration including Bangor University, Liverpool John Moores University and Alcohol Research UK explains why people in deprived communities have higher levels of alcohol-related ill health than people in non-deprived communities, despite drinking the same amounts of alcohol -- the alcohol harm paradox.

Chemotherapy preferable to radiotherapy to reduce distant pancreatic cancer recurrences
Patients who received chemotherapy after surgical resection of pancreatic cancer have fewer distant disease recurrences and longer overall survival than those who also had adjuvant chemoradiation therapy.

Closing PFO 'hole in the heart' may prevent strokes linked to this heart defect
Stroke survivors who also have patent foramen ovale (PFO), a hole in the heart, could benefit from a device that closes the PFO to help prevent future strokes, according to research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2016.

Marine virus outbreaks linked to coral bleaching
A study by biologists from Rice University and Oregon State University has found that significant outbreaks of marine viruses may be associated with coral bleaching events, especially as a result of multiple environmental stresses.

New type of optical material discovered in the secret language of the mantis shrimp
A study into how animals secretly communicate has led to the discovery of a new way to create a polarizer -- an optical device widely used in cameras, DVD players and sunglasses.

Many school children avoid basic foods unnecessarily
A study on hypersensitivity to the basic foods milk, egg, fish and wheat among young school children showed that reported food hypersensitivity was eight times more common than allergies confirmed by allergy tests.

Worsening migraines with hormone replacement linked to stroke risk
Women using hormone replacement and experiencing more severe migraines may have increased stroke risk.

New invention set to protect hamstrings around the world
Vald Performance, based in Brisbane, has manufactured the NordBord Hamstring Testing System which measures the strength of athletes' hamstrings.

Public pre-K boosted test taking for gifted and talented programs
Attending public preschool is linked to an increase in students taking the admissions test for gifted and talented programs, reducing the disparity in test taking between disadvantaged students and their peers, finds a study of New York City students by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.

DNA studies reveal that shelter workers often mislabel dogs as 'pit bulls'
DNA results show that shelter workers are often mistaken when they label a dog as a pit bull, with potentially devastating consequences for the dogs, a new University of Florida study has found.

Researchers find marked gender differences in scholarly productivity
The differences between men and women seem to infiltrate yet another aspect of medicine with a study spearheaded at Women & Infants Hospital, a Care New England hospital, indicating that younger female gynecologic oncologists were less productive scholastically and, therefore, poorly represented in the higher academic ranks, than their male contemporaries.

Testosterone treatment shown for first time to benefit men over 65
The University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health was among a dozen sites nationwide to participate in the first clinical trial to show that testosterone treatment for men aged 65 and older improves sexual function, walking ability and mood.

A new molecular alarm clock in vertebrates
Dozens of chemical interactions in the vertebrate brain go into maintaining a natural sleep schedule, and scientists have recently found one more player on the field: a neurochemical called neuromedin U, or Nmu.

Imaging, not time, may determine who is right for stroke clot removal
Stroke treatment that mechanically removes blood clots more than six hours after symptoms begin may be beneficial for some patients when they are identified using advanced brain imaging.

'Stay-at-home' males fueled menopause evolution
The evolution of the menopause was 'kick-started' by a fluke of nature, but then boosted by the tendency for sons and grandsons to remain living close to home, a new study by Liverpool scientists suggests.

Study: Pay-per-click advertising lacks controls against fraud
Three UT Dallas researchers, along with a former PhD student, examined the process of identifying click fraud.

Best regions for growing bioenergy crops identified
Researchers at Illinois have identified regions in the United States where bioenergy crops would grow best while minimizing effects on aquatic ecosystems.

CU-Boulder ultrafast microscope used to make slow-motion electron movie
University of Colorado Boulder researchers have demonstrated the use of the world's first ultrafast optical microscope, allowing them to probe and visualize matter at the atomic level with mind-bending speed.

Grant funds development of S.C. Children's Hospital Collaborative Network
Kids deserve the best care available, whether they live in a city with an academic medical center or a small town.

Stroke survivors' caregiving costs more time and money than previously estimated
The average annual estimated cost for caregiving for an elderly stroke survivor is about $11,300, which translates to about $40 billion annually among all Medicare beneficiaries, according to research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2016.

Diabetes during pregnancy associated with increased risk of low milk supply
A new study shows that women with diabetes during pregnancy face a significantly higher risk of having a low milk supply.

Half the world to be short-sighted by 2050
Half the world's population (nearly 5 billion) will be short-sighted (myopic) by 2050, with up to one-fifth of them (1 billion) at a significantly increased risk of blindness if current trends continue, says a study published in the journal Ophthalmology.

New predictor of cancer
Epigenetic age is a new way to measure your biological age.

Unraveling the gene-environment interaction
A special issue of the journal Child Development has been released.

'Stroke camp' offers caregivers emotional support, physical relief and education
Stroke camp provides caregivers with much needed peer support, emotional relief and learning opportunities, according to research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2016.

Reporting of clinical trial results by top academic centers remains poor
Dissemination of clinical trial results by leading academic medical centres in the United States remains poor, despite ethical obligations -- and sometimes statutory requirements -- to publish findings and report results in a timely manner, concludes a study in The BMJ this week.

Can ecotourism save endangered species?
Using population viability modelling, Griffith University researchers Professor Ralf Buckley, Dr.

Immune-targeting drug combo shows promise for lung cancer patients, says Moffitt
Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related death in the United States resulting in more than 158,000 deaths each year.

Puzzling asteroid observations explained by destruction of asteroids close to Sun
For two decades it was thought that most near-Earth objects (NEOs) -- asteroids and comets that may pose a hazard to life on Earth -- end their existence in a dramatic final plunge into the Sun.

Research sheds new light on whether we are all getting fatter
A study of trends in Body Mass Index since 1992 for England has found that whilst BMI is rising across both sexes and within all social groups, there have been larger increases in those who already have the highest BMIs. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to