Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 18, 2016
Bowel obstruction more likely in certain hospitalized stroke patients
Being older patients, black and having pre-existing illnesses, such as cancer, increase the likelihood of bowel obstruction in hospitalized ischemic stroke patients, according to research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2016.

Diet soda and fries, please
New research aims to untangle the apparent disconnect between stated health concerns and actual food purchases.

Sensory loss affects 94 percent of older adults
The first study to measure the full spectrum of age-related damage to all five senses found that 94 percent of older adults in the United States have at least one sensory deficit, 38 percent have two, and 28 percent have three, four or five.

Many clinical trial results not shared, creating 'blind spot'
Less than 40 percent of the results of clinical trials conducted at leading academic medical centers were shared within two years of completion, Yale School of Medicine researchers report in a new study published in the current issue of the British Medical Journal.

NASA introduces new, wider set of eyes on the universe
After years of preparatory studies, NASA is formally starting an astrophysics mission designed to help unlock the secrets of the universe -- the Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST).

Erratum to 2015 Science paper on ancient Ethiopian genome
Science is publishing an Erratum to the Report 'Ancient Ethiopian genome reveals extensive Eurasian admixture throughout the African continent' published online on Oct.

Study reveals mechanism behind enzyme that tags unneeded DNA
Researchers at Princeton have discovered the two-step process that activates an essential human enzyme, called Suv39h1, which is responsible for organizing large portions of the DNA found in every living cell.

Study discovers and uses key mechanism to treat autoimmune diseases
A new study from the University of Calgary could change the way researchers understand and treat autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Industry initiatives to prevent drinking and driving lack evidence of effectiveness
The majority of the alcohol industry's actions around the world to reduce drinking and driving either lack evidence of effectiveness or haven't been studied, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

Study confirms only site in SE Asia showing tiger recovery
A new study by a team of Thai and international scientists finds that a depleted tiger population in Thailand is rebounding thanks to enhanced protection measures.

Dying epithelial cells regulate immune system: Could help treating inflammatory diseases
A University of Tsukuba-based research team has shown that commensal bacteria in the gut can induce dendritic cells to release interferon-ß, which promotes Treg cell proliferation.

New simulation model for predicting bentonite clay swelling in nuclear waste disposal
Bentonite clay is planned to be used as a key barrier in the deep geological disposal of high-level nuclear waste.

Organic waste for sustainable batteries
A carbon-based active material produced from apple leftovers and a material of layered oxides might help reduce the costs of future energy storage systems.

Finding the best seeds to match Africa's needs
USAID's 'Feed the Future' Soybean Innovation Lab at the University of Illinois, African Agricultural Technology Foundation, and the Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture (SFSA) There is no third-party soybean variety testing in Africa.

Engineered mini-stomachs produce insulin in mice
Researchers have spent decades trying to replace the insulin-producing pancreatic cells, called beta cells, that are lost in diabetes.

AGA Congressional Briefing on the gut microbiome
This briefing, hosted by the American Gastroenterological Association, will provide you the opportunity to hear from and participate in a dialogue with a panel of experts from the scientific and patient care community on this exciting field of research and treatment.

Breast milk sugars promote healthy infant growth through gut microbiome
Bacteria that live in the gut interact with dietary components to affect health and wellness.

Chemoradiation may increase survival for a subset of elderly head and neck cancer patients
The addition of chemotherapy (CT) to radiation therapy (RT) improves survival rates among a subset of elderly head and neck cancer patients, specifically those ages 71 to 79 with low comorbidity scores and advanced disease stage, according to research presented at the 2016 Multidisciplinary Head and Neck Cancer Symposium.

Nebraska researcher finds gold -- and other metals
UNL chemist Rebecca Lai is developing inexpensive, portable and reusable sensors that use a component of DNA to detect gold, mercury, silver, lead and other metals.

Scientists eliminate core symptom of schizophrenia in mice
Researchers have successfully disrupted a genetic chain of events in a mouse model of schizophrenia and reversed memory deficits, one of the disorder's most difficult-to-treat symptoms.

Scientists discover way to potentially track and stop human and agricultural viruses
The discovery has broad ranging applications in stopping viral outbreaks such as hepatitis C in humans and a number of viruses in plants and animals because it applies to many viruses in the largest category of viral classes -- positive-strand RNA viruses.

Memories and sensations: The rhythm that unites them
The brain is divided into functional circuits, each specialized for specific tasks: perception, memory, problem solving... how do these circuits work as a team when required?

No survival advantage of induction chemo over CRT for locally advanced head and neck cancer
Head and neck cancer patients who receive induction chemotherapy (IC; chemotherapy administered prior to radiation therapy) rather than the standard treatment of concurrent chemoradiation do not benefit from increased survival rates and are less likely to receive a full course of radiation, according to research presented at the 2016 Multidisciplinary Head and Neck Cancer Symposium.

Motion-controlled video games may improve real world skills
Motion-controlled video games, such as those played on the Wii, may help boost skills when players compete in the real world, according to a team of researchers.

Conservation hopes up for the endangered banana frog restricted to Southwest Ethiopia
As the natural forests in Ethiopia is already less than 3 percent of what it once has been, the banana frog species, dwelling exclusively in the southwestern part of the African country, is exposed to a great risk of extinction.

NYU research: Hair sampling shows unintended 'bath salt' use
Dr. Palamar and his team of researchers are the first to examine whether ecstasy users are unknowingly or unintentionally using 'bath salts' and/or other novel psychoactive drugs.

Technology set to personalize tendon and tissue injury rehab
A revolution in the treatment and rehabilitation of muscle/tendon injuries is on its way with the development of a ground-breaking new intelligent technology developed at Griffith University and the University of Auckland.

Sauropod swimmers or walkers?
An international team of scientists, led by the China University of Geosciences in Beijing and including palaeontologists from the University of Bristol, has shed new light on some unusual dinosaur tracks from northern China.

Study finds areas of excellence, need for improvement in quality of mental health care
The care provided by the US military health care system to service members suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder and depression is good in some areas, but needs improvement in other realms, according to a new RAND Corporation study.

Ebola crisis provides framework for responding to outbreaks like Zika virus
As world leaders grapple with containing the Zika virus, the Ebola epidemic in West Africa provides valuable lessons for how to respond to infectious disease epidemics, according to a policy report published by researchers at Princeton University and the Wellcome Trust.

Longest-lasting stellar eclipse discovered
Astronomers have discovered an unnamed pair of stars that sets a new record for both the longest duration stellar eclipse (3.5 years) and longest period between eclipses (69 years) in a binary system.

3-D mammography improves cancer detection and cuts 'call backs' over 3 years
The increased cancer detection and reduced call backs associated with 3-D mammography, also known as Digital Breast Tomosynthesis (DBT), can be maintained years after a patient's first DBT screening with regularly scheduled DBT imaging, according to a JAMA Oncology study published online today from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Hubble directly measures rotation of cloudy 'super-Jupiter'
Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have measured the rotation rate of an extreme exoplanet by observing the varied brightness in its atmosphere.

New method efficiently separates proteins from agrobiomass byproducts -- particularly brewer's spent grain
According to research by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, extraction with deep eutectic solvents offer an efficient, sustainable and easy method for dissolving proteins from agrobiomass byproducts.

Children breastfeeding after first birthday should take vitamin D supplements, study says
Children who are breastfeeding after their first birthday should take a vitamin D supplement to prevent health problems such as rickets, new research suggests.

Doughnut-shaped holes of killer proteins observed for the first time
Spanish and German researchers have successfully seen for the first time the pores, shaped like rings and crescent moons, that the Bax protein perforates in mitochondrial membranes.

Tunable peptide emulsifiers discovered
Dr. Rein V. Ulijn is among the scientists from the City University of New York's Advanced Science Research Center (ASRC) and the University of Strathclyde who discovered a new way to create emulsions with tunable properties, based on very simple biological molecules, as published as the cover article in the journal Advanced Materials.

Seagrass genome study to boost ecological insight in marine ecosystems
Seagrasses provide the foundation of highly productive ecosystems present along the coasts of all continents except Antarctica, where they rival tropical rain forests and coral reefs in ecosystem services.

Dartmouth-led team develops method to predict local climate change
Global climate models are essential for climate prediction and assessing the impacts of climate change across large areas, but a Dartmouth College-led team has developed a new method to project future climate scenarios at the local level.

The Lancet: Giving GPs feedback on their prescribing habits can reduce excessive use of antibiotics
Sending general practitioners (GPs) in England a letter giving feedback on their antibiotic prescribing habits could cut unnecessary prescriptions of antibiotics, according to the first nationwide randomized trial of its kind involving over 1,500 GP practices, published in The Lancet.

Genetics Society of America honors Leonid Kruglyak with 2016 Edward Novtiski Prize
The Genetics Society of America is pleased to announce that Leonid Kruglyak (HHMI/University of California, Los Angeles) has been awarded the 2016 Edward Novitski Prize for his extraordinary level of creativity and intellectual ingenuity in the solution of significant problems in genetics research.

Bariatric surgery before knee replacement cost-effective in improving outcomes in obese patients
A study at Hospital for Special Surgery finds that bariatric surgery prior to total knee replacement is a cost-effective option to improve outcomes in severely obese patients.

Antibodies from an Ebola survivor reveal a potential new vaccine target
Researchers have harvested a robust collection of antibodies from a survivor of the recent Ebola outbreak, and one subset of antibodies was found to be particularly potent for neutralizing the virus in mice.

Landmark LGBT Cancer Action Plan recommends SOGI data collection
Increased data collection and research are needed to document and understand elevated cancer risk, cancer incidence and prevalence, and cancer screening disparities in LGBT communities, according to the conclusions and recommendations of the 2014 National Summit on Cancer in the LGBT Communities.

B-cell diversity in immune system's germinal centers may be key to broad-spectrum vaccines
The germinal centers that form in the body's lymph nodes work as a fitness boot camp in which B cells evolve to produce antibodies of increasingly higher affinity to an invading pathogen.

Study determines key recurrence detection time for oropharyngeal cancer
For patients treated with definitive radiation therapy (RT) for oropharyngeal cancer caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), the majority of recurrences can be detected by post-treatment imaging at three months and physical exams during the six months following treatment, according to research presented at the 2016 Multidisciplinary Head and Neck Cancer Symposium.

A tunnel through the head
Humans use the time delay at the ears to deduce the origin of a sound signal.

UNIST students recognized for research excellence
UNIST graduates have been recently acknowledged by the Samsung Electronics Co.

NASA infrared imagery shows wind shear affecting Tropical Cyclone Uriah
The Southern Indian Ocean's Tropical Cyclone Uriah is now past its peak and continues to weaken.

Surgery and stenting safe, effective lowering long-term risk of stroke
Stenting and surgery are equally effective at lowering the long-term risk of stroke from a narrowed carotid artery, according to results of CREST -- a 10-year, federally funded clinical trial led by researchers at Mayo Clinic's campus in Florida.

Engineered gene drives and the future
Engineered gene drives, which have the potential to spread desirable genes throughout wild populations or to suppress harmful species, have received a lot of recent attention because of their potential to control organisms, such as mosquitoes that carry diseases such as Zika virus, malaria and dengue fever.

Young people with mental problems should receive help in their own environment
Young people with mental problems -- especially those with psychotic-like symptoms -- should receive help as early as possible and in their own environment, shows a recent Finnish study.

Smokers with depression try to quit more often but find it harder
People diagnosed with depression are about twice as likely to smoke as the general population.

National hospital hand-washing campaign effective but expensive
A QUT health economics study in 50 Australian hospitals of the impact of a national hand hygiene campaign found many hospital patients were protected from a 'golden staph' infection and at least 96 years of life will be saved each year.

Teaching stem cells to build muscle
Researchers at SBP have identified pecific ways in which fetal muscle stem cells remodel their environment to support their enhanced capacity for regeneration, which could lead to targets for therapies to improve adult stem cells' ability to replace injured or degenerated muscle.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Winston U-turn toward Fiji
Tropical Cyclone Winston made a U-turn in the Southern Pacific Ocean just north of Niue, and appears to be headed back toward Fiji.

When the immune system promotes tumor growth
The immune system plays an important role in the prevention of cancer.

Bat-flight inspires unique design for Micro Air Vehicles
Innovative membrane wings that work like artificial muscles have been successfully tested in-flight, paving the way for a new breed of unmanned Micro Air Vehicles (MAVs) that have improved aerodynamic properties, can fly over long distances and are more economical to run.

Chemoradiation may increase survival for a subset of elderly head and neck cancer patients
According to University of Colorado Cancer Center research presented at the 2016 Multidisciplinary Head and Neck Cancer Symposium, the addition of chemotherapy (CT) to radiation therapy (RT) improves survival rates among a subset of elderly head and neck cancer patients, specifically those ages 71 to 79 with low comorbidity scores and advanced disease stage.

Study unveils new therapeutic target for spinal muscular atrophy
Neuroscientists have discovered a specific enzyme that plays a critical role in spinal muscular atrophy, and that suppressing this enzyme's activity, could markedly reduce the disease's severity and improve patients' lifestyles.

Tyrosinase inhibitors from terrestrial and marine resources
Tyrosinase is a multifunctional copper-containing enzyme widely distributed in microorganisms as well as plants and animals which has a primordial role in melanin biosynthesis thus impacting on skin color and pigmentation.

Many stroke survivors may develop seizures
A substantial proportion of stroke survivors develop seizures in the years following their strokes, according to research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2016.

Survey examines Americans' use of and satisfaction with homeopathic medicines
A new survey finds that homeopathic medicines are primarily used by a small segment of the US population for common, self-limited conditions such as the common cold or back pain.

Penn research: An FDA-approved Alzheimer's drug could help smokers quit
Rebecca Ashare of the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine and Heath Schmidt, of Penn Medicine and the School of Nursing, are repurposing an FDA-approved Alzheimer's drug to test whether it helps smokers kick their habit.

A primitive advance
They're among the oldest fungi on Earth, yet they could hold the keys to solving some modern problems: Anaerobic gut fungi, being studied by UC Santa Barbara chemical engineer Michelle O'Malley, have proven especially effective at breaking down plant material and unlocking sugars that can be processed into compounds that can be used in a variety of applications.

Video: 6 new stories debut in 'Science of Innovation' series
A new set of educational videos, released today, continues an exploration begun three years ago into the creative process that leads to innovation.

Prehistoric village links old and new stone ages
Archaeologists from The Hebrew University of Jerusalem revealed in Israel a prehistoric village, dated around 12,000 years ago, in excavations in the fertile Jordan Valley.

Dangerous fishing may be endangered
Catch shares, a form of 'rights-based' fisheries management adopted for several fisheries in the Pacific Northwest, may put an end to the kind of daring exploits chronicled in the Deadliest Catch.

UT researchers develop way to better predict disease-causing mutations in human genes
Two researchers at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, have developed a method that could help clinicians and scientists better predict which mutations in people's genes could cause a disease and which would remain dormant.

Humans settled, set fire to Madagascar's forests 1,000 years ago
Scientists from MIT and the University of Massachusetts at Amherst have found that a widespread and permanent loss of forests in Madagascar that occurred 1,000 years ago was due not to climate change or any natural disaster, but to human settlers who set fire to the forests to make way for grazing cattle.

Experimental drug may limit harmful effects of traumatic brain injury
An experimental drug may aid patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), for which there is currently no effective treatment to prevent increased risk of dementia or other neurologic complications.

Why do we still have mitochondrial DNA?
The mitochondrion isn't the bacterium it was in its prime, say two billion years ago.

New charts to assess head circumference at birth will be valuable tool in Zika crisis
In the medical journal The Lancet, the INTERGROWTH-21st Consortium, led by researchers at the University of Oxford, publish the final set of charts that enable healthcare professionals worldwide to assess the weight, length and head circumference of newborns from 24 to 42 weeks of gestation, and which apply to all babies, regardless of race or ethnicity.

NASA engineer awaits launch of CubeSat mission demonstrating virtual-telescope tech
NASA engineers Neerav Shah and Phil Calhoun will realize a long-held ambition later this year when a Space-X launch vehicle deploys two tiny satellites that will fly in a precise formation to create, in effect, a single or 'virtual' telescope benefiting a range of scientific disciplines.

Study finds 50 percent of teens visiting emergency department report peer violence, cyberbullying
A study from Hasbro Children's Hospital has found that nearly 50 percent of teens seen in the emergency department for any reason report peer violence and nearly 50 percent also report being the victims of cyberbullying.

Chemotherapy before chemoradiation shows no survival advantage in head and neck cancer
Results presented at the 2016 Multidisciplinary Head and Neck Cancer Symposium in Scottsdale, Arizona show patients receiving induction chemotherapy rather than chemoradiation live no longer and are less likely to receive definitive course of radiation treatment.

Is there a digital hood?
A new, novel study from the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing) shows that there is an alarming connection between the negative social interactions disadvantaged youth experience in both the neighborhoods they live in and on social media.

Georgia State: Health provider awareness can curb prescription drug abuse
Increasing health care providers' level of concern about prescription drug abuse in their communities may be an effective public health tool in fighting America's prescription drug abuse epidemic, according to a study by researchers from the School of Public Health and the Department of Sociology at Georgia State University.

Study identifies specific gene network that promotes nervous system repair
Injured nerve cells in the limbs (the peripheral nervous system or PNS) can regrow and repair.

Adimab scientists report the isolation of highly potent anti-Ebola virus antibodies from recent Zaire outbreak
Adimab, LLC, a global leader in the discovery of human antibodies, today reported the isolation of a broad panel of neutralizing anti-Ebola virus antibodies from a survivor of the recent Zaire outbreak.

Unique next generation sequencing-based panel designed for pediatric cancer research
Children's Hospital Los Angeles and Thermo Fisher Scientific have agreed to develop a next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based panel designed specifically for pediatric cancer research.

Biofuel tech straight from the farm
Nature's figured it out already, how to best break down food into fuel.

Are improved outcomes after initial implementation of digital breast tomosynthesis sustainable?
A new study of breast cancer screening published online by JAMA Oncology suggests 3-D digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) outcomes were sustainable with significant reduction in patient recall, increasing cancer cases per recalled patients and a decline in interval cancers.

Women, minorities report lower function in the months after stroke
Female and minority stroke survivors reported less ability to function three months after their strokes than males and Caucasian patients, according to research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2016.

Indiana University study: Commercial weight loss system expands diabetes prevention access
A new randomized controlled study conducted by Indiana University School of Medicine researchers and published online today in the American Journal of Public Health found that adults with prediabetes who followed a nationally-available weight management program with a prediabetes-specific component, Weight Watchers, lost significantly more weight and experienced better blood glucose control than those following a self-initiated program using supplemental counseling materials.

Participatory governance in planning processes: How do public administrations learn?
A new study by Leuphana University of Lueneburg shows how public authorities at the level of German federal states learn about shaping and implementing of participatory planning processes.

Study maps molecular signatures of HPV-positive throat cancer patients by smoking status
Throat cancer patients exposed to both human papillomavirus (HPV) and tobacco smoke demonstrate a pattern of mutations along several key cancer genes, according to research presented today at the 2016 Multidisciplinary Head and Neck Cancer Symposium.

It's easy to get people to do bad things -- this might be why
In the 1960s, psychologist Stanley Milgram famously conducted experiments in a Yale University basement showing that people will apparently inflict pain on another person simply because someone in a position of authority told them to.

Trinity scientists blueprint antimicrobial candidate that may stem post-antibiotic tide
Scientists from Trinity College Dublin have produced crystal clear molecular blueprints of an antimicrobial candidate (LspA-Globomycin) that could aid the development of more effective drugs to fight common but devastating bacterial infections.

Periodontitis linked to a higher mortality rate in patients with kidney disease
New findings from the University of Birmingham show that patients with chronic kidney disease patients and periodontitis (severe gum disease) have a higher mortality rate than those with chronic kidney disease alone.

VA and non-VA hospitals similar in quality, study shows
The Veterans Affairs (VA) health system fares slightly better than other hospitals when it comes to lower mortality rates among older men with heart attack, heart failure, or pneumonia, according to a new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers.

Harnessing gut fungi of herbivores to break down biomass
Researchers have created a library of fungi-secreted enzymes that breakdown plant biomass, which is no easy feat for man, and mapped out how these enzymes function together.

When negotiating, it pays to know your customer
Research demonstrates that automobile sales personnel who are trained to understand a customer's price sensitivity will strike a better deal for their employers when negotiating the price of a car.

Engineering to the rescue: Fighting kidney disease in rural Sri Lanka
Backed by a grant from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), an interdisciplinary, student-led team from New Jersey Institute of Technology is building a low-cost water filter for villagers in the north central farming region of Sri Lanka who are suffering from high rates of chronic kidney disease.

New image analytics may offer quick guidance for breast cancer treatment
For women with the most common type of breast cancer, a new way to analyze magnetic resonance images (MRI) data appears to reliably distinguish between patients who would need only hormonal treatment and those who also need chemotherapy.

Key hurdle overcome in the development of a drug against cystic fibrosis
In people suffering from cystic fibrosis the CFTR protein is not located in the right place in mucus-producing cells: it remains inside the cell while it should be in the cell wall.

Researchers: Testosterone treatment effective for older men
As men age, their sexual function, vitality and strength can decline, but researchers had not yet established whether testosterone treatment is actually beneficial.

The rise of the cyborgs -- welcome to the post-human age
It is predicted that robots will surpass human intelligence within the next 50 years.

Some aging treatments shown to have opposite effects on males and females
Aging treatments that helped females are shown to hurt males.

Research priorities for the Arctic have been defined
The leading international Arctic research organisations have set common scientific objectives for the coming decade.

Majority of LAHNC patients use life-altering strategies to cope with costs of treatment
The majority of patients with locally advanced head and neck cancers (LAHNC) rely on cost-coping strategies that alter their lifestyle in order to manage the financial burden of their care, according to research presented at the 2016 Multidisciplinary Head and Neck Cancer Symposium.

Rapidly building arteries that produce biochemical signals
Duke engineers have developed a technique to make artificial arteries that produce biochemical signals vital to their natural functions.

In a Hubble first, UA astronomers take images of an exoplanet changing over time
Using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers at the University of Arizona have taken the first direct, time-resolved images of an exoplanet.

Cancer-causing gene found in plasma may help predict outcomes for head and neck patients
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati have discovered that a human cancer-causing gene, called DEK, can be detected in the plasma of head and neck cancer patients.

Mapping the world for climate sensitivity
By using satellites, biologists are now able to map which areas are most sensitive to climate variability on a global scale.

Clot-busting therapy reduces mortality in deadliest form of stroke
The use of clot-busting drugs to clear blood from the brain's ventricles may be the first effective strategy to decrease mortality for a type of catastrophic bleeding stroke, according to phase-3 clinical trial results announced Thursday at the International Stroke Conference in Los Angeles.

Chemistry trick paves way for safer diabetes medication
New research from the University of Copenhagen points to an entirely new approach for designing insulin-based pharmaceuticals.

Florida's monkey river
A colony of feral rhesus macaques calls the banks of the Silver River in Silver Springs State Park in central Florida its home.

Gut microbes help sustain body growth despite malnutrition
Gut microbial species transferred from healthy children to mice can counter the detrimental effects caused by microbes from undernourished children.

Kellogg researchers develop new nanoparticle with potential to treat ocular cancer
Researchers at the University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center are using nanoparticles to kill tumor cells inside the eye.

Algorithm makes hyperspectral imaging faster
Researchers have developed an algorithm that can quickly and accurately reconstruct hyperspectral images using less data.

Clot-busting drug reduces death risk in hemorrhagic stroke patients
Reporting on the results of a phase III international clinical trial, Johns Hopkins Medicine physicians say use of a cardiac clot-busting drug to treat strokes that cause brain bleeding safely decreased the death rate in patients by 10 percent, compared to a control group receiving saline.

Masked hypertension in kidney disease patients may affect kidney and cardiovascular health
More than one-quarter of patients with chronic kidney disease may have masked hypertension, meaning that their blood pressure is normal in the clinic but elevated outside the clinic.

Diabetes expert warns paleo diet is dangerous and increases weight gain
A new study has revealed following a low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet for just eight weeks can lead to rapid weight gain and health complications.

Red meat metabolite levels high in acute heart failure patients, research shows
A University of Leicester study shows a possible link between red meat and heart disease.

Five-dimensional black hole could 'break' general relativity
Researchers have successfully simulated how a ring-shaped black hole could cause general relativity to break down: assuming the universe contains at least five dimensions, that is.

Study pinpoints driver, potential target in aggressive pediatric leukemia subtype
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study scheduled for Feb.

Link between intensive post-stroke rehabilitation and recovery demonstrated in rats
National Institute for Physiological Sciences and Nagoya City University researchers prove causal relationship between rehabilitation-induced change of brain circuits and functional recovery through forced limb use in rats with stroke, providing crucial information for devising better rehabilitation methods.

EARTH: Revealing potential tsunami inundation on California coast
Given new information about the capability of faults to produce stronger earthquakes than previously thought, researchers at the University of California Riverside wondered if the current tsunami hazard maps for California adequately predict inundation zones.

Stemming the flow: Stem cell study reveals how Parkinson's spreads
Stem cell research published today offers up new clues as to how Parkinson's spreads from cell to cell, a process which has evaded researchers for decades.

Wolbachia parasite superinfection: A new tool to fight mosquito arbovirus transmission
Aedes aegypti mosquitoes transmit a number of pathogens, including the Dengue, Chikungunya, and Zika viruses.

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Lifespan Health System seek to form a partnership in R.I.
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Lifespan Health System have signed a letter of intent to enter into a partnership in Rhode Island.

California's ecological abundance
UCSB researchers contributed chapters to 'Ecosystems of California,' an integrated assessment of each major ecosystem in the state

Can contact lenses make you blind? (video)
Ninety-nine percent of adults who wear contacts admit to breaking some cardinal lens rules: sleeping in them, washing them in water and so on.

New insights into epilepsy drug Retigabine
A study published ahead of print in the Journal of General Physiology has revealed new insights into Retigabine, a known pharmacological treatment for epilepsy.

The brain gives up more secrets
A team led by the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre in Montreal, has broken new ground in our understanding of the complex functioning of the brain.

Study links health insurance status and head and neck cancer diagnoses, outcomes
Compared to patients with non-Medicaid insurance, uninsured patients and patients with Medicaid are more likely to present with advanced stages of head and neck cancer and have higher overall and cancer-specific mortality rates, according to research presented at the 2016 Multidisciplinary Head and Neck Cancer Symposium.

Stressed mouse dads give their offspring high blood sugar
Mouse fathers under psychological stress were more likely to have offspring with high blood sugar compared to their unstressed counterparts.

Overdose deaths from common sedatives have surged, new study finds
Headlines about America's worsening drug epidemic have focused on deaths from opioids -- heroin and prescription painkillers such as OxyContin.

Untreated high blood pressure significantly increases risk of bleeding stroke
Untreated high blood pressure significantly increased the risk of a bleeding stroke, compared to patients without high blood pressure, regardless of race.

Real or virtual: Dartmouth scientists ask -- can we tell the difference?
A Dartmouth College-led study shows that people find it increasingly difficult to distinguish between computer-generated images and real photos, but that a small amount of training greatly improves their accuracy.

In a maddening subway crowd? Escape with Mobile Shopping Immersion
What do irritable, squished riders on a crowded subway train do?

RIT's Todd Pagano named outstanding undergraduate science educator
Todd Pagano, founding director of the Laboratory Science Technology program at Rochester Institute of Technology's National Technical Institute for the Deaf, has been named the recipient of the 2016 Outstanding Undergraduate Science Teacher Award by the Society for College Science Teachers.

Getting the right amounts of sleep and regular exercise lower stroke risk
Getting seven to eight hours of sleep a night and exercising 30 to 60 minutes, three to six times a week, are healthy behaviors that can greatly reduce adults' stroke risk, according to research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2016.

Gene links sleep and seasonal affective disorder
A newly discovered human gene mutation appears to contribute both to unusual sleep patterns and to heightened rates of seasonal depression, according to new research from UC San Francisco.

Colossal Antarctic ice-shelf collapse followed last ice age
A new PNAS study is providing clues about how Antarctica's nation-sized Ross Ice Shelf might respond to a warming climate.

Insilico Medicine launches Aging.AI -- deep-learned predictor of age trained on blood tests
Insilico Medicine launched aging.AI, a system allowing users to guess their age and gender by entering the results of their blood test.

Berkeley Lab, UC Berkeley scientists to participate in new NASA Space Telescope Project
Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley scientists will play a role in a new NASA space telescope project exploring dark energy, alien worlds and the evolution of galaxies, galaxy clusters and the large-scale structure of the universe.

Scientists question a popular theory about how the nervous system trims its branches
Scientists have long believed axons regulate their own pruning during development.

What makes a bacterial species able to cause human disease?
An international team of scientists, led by researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and the J.

Smart physical training in virtual reality
A new system in a virtual training room is helping users practice and improve sports exercises and other motor activities: six research groups from the Cluster of Excellence Cognitive Interaction Technology at Bielefeld University are working on the ICSPACE project to develop this virtual coaching space.

University of Michigan, RIT receive $3 million to improve health-care info for people who are deaf
Rochester Institute of Technology and the University of Michigan received a five-year, $3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health's National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders to assess key differences in attitudes, knowledge and skills related to health information between deaf and hearing individuals by incorporating cutting edge technology to assess health information, and to interpret the patterns of those seeking access to health information in the deaf population.

Opioid dependence, Flint crisis, & Zika highlight upcoming Preventive Medicine 2016 event
Preventive Medicine 2016 is the premier event for professionals in disease prevention and health promotion.

Study: Sanctions boost foreign military more than they hurt economy
The available evidence indicates that economic sanctions are not effective tools for achieving specific policy goals in foreign nations.

UI researchers win federal grant to create virtual tool to prevent injury in US Marines
The Virtual Soldier Research Program at the University of Iowa has been awarded a $2.6 million grant from the Office of Naval Research to create a simulation program to predict and prevent musculoskeletal injuries in US Marines -- one of the leading medical problems impeding military readiness.

New cause of diabetes
Although insulin-producing cells are found in the endocrine tissue of the pancreas, a new mouse study suggests that abnormalities in the exocrine tissue could cause cell non-autonomous effects that promotes diabetes-like symptoms. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to