Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 23, 2016
American Chemical Society announces ACS Energy Letters
Researchers working on clean-energy technologies can now rapidly share their findings with the global scientific community in ACS Energy Letters, a new peer-reviewed journal from the Publications Division of the American Chemical Society (ACS).

Elsevier announces the launch of Surfaces and Interfaces
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and solutions, announces the launch of a new quarterly journal: Surfaces and Interfaces.

Temperature changes wreak ecological havoc in deforested areas, CU-Boulder study finds
The newly-exposed edges of deforested areas are highly susceptible to drastic temperature changes, leading to hotter, drier and more variable conditions for the forest that remains, according to new research from the University of Colorado Boulder.

DNA 'Trojan horse' smuggles drugs into resistant cancer cells
Drug-resistant leukemia cells absorb a drug and die, when the drug is hidden inside a capsule made of folded up DNA.

Shrinking 3-D technology for comfortable smart phone viewing
Researchers at the Sun Yan-Sen University, China have developed a new display with comfortable 3-D visual effects.

Algae Biomass Organization gears up for 2016 Algae Biomass Summit
The Algae Biomass Organization (ABO), the trade association for the algae industry, announced that the tenth annual Algae Biomass Summit will take place October 23 - October 26 in Phoenix at the Renaissance Glendale Hotel and Spa.

'Kurly' protein keeps cilia moving, oriented in the right direction
Researchers at Princeton University and Northwestern University found that a protein called Kurly is needed for cilia to undulate and face in the correct direction to keep fluid moving over the surface of cells.

It's great to have siblings, but they're also hard work
Children love having brothers and sisters; but they can also be hard work, particularly when mum and dad are divorced and children have to get used to living with step-brothers and step-sisters, and when their parents are keen to create siblingships between them.

Tracking worm sex drive, neuron by neuron
Research conducted at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) and California Institute of Technology (Caltech) has found that where and when a male worm will pursue a mate is determined by four male-specific sensory neurons that communicate with synaptic feedback loops to form a decision-making network.

Soil mapping may indicate success of brush control method
Mapping the long-term reaction of woody plants to brush-control techniques can help landowners prioritize management practices to maximize the effectiveness of costly brush reduction, according to a Texas A&M AgriLife Research study.

Dopamine signaling pathway that controls cocaine reward in mice identified
A Nagoya University-based research team has discovered how dopamine controls the brain's response to cocaine.

Can virtual reality help fight obesity?
Virtual reality offers promising new approaches to assessing and treating people with weight-related disorders, and early applications are revealing valuable information about body image.

Therapy to stop premature birth safe but ineffective, study finds
A therapy widely recommended in the UK, Europe and the US to stop babies from being born too soon is ineffective, research led by the University of Edinburgh shows.

Shaping lumens by force
Scientists from Singapore and France have revealed the underlying mechanism for the formation and growth of a fundamental type of tissue -- epithelial tubes.

More hands-on training for doctors required if policy changes
Students would benefit from more hands-on training and responsibility, research carried out at the universities of Exeter, Cardiff, Dundee and Queen's University Belfast indicates.

Exeter leads €5 million research project to find essential new mineral deposits
The pioneering team, including geologists from the Camborne School of Mines, will devise new, state-of-the-art techniques to expose previously unknown underground resources essential to the manufacturing of many 'high-tech' products.

Counting molecules with an ordinary cell phone
The new visual readout method to count individual nucleic acid molecules within a sample can be performed by any cell-phone camera.

Social sunbathing in the mint-sauce worm
Self-organizing social behavior in the so-called plant-animal, a 'solar-powered' species of marine flat worm that gains all its energy from the algae within its own body, has been demonstrated by researchers from the University of Bristol.

Shock Trauma model for critically ill patients cuts transfer time in half
A novel unit to care for critically ill patients significantly speeds access to specialized care, according to a new study by physician scientists at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and the University of Maryland Medical Center.

Everyday mindfulness linked to healthy glucose levels
Brown University researchers investigating how mindfulness may affect cardiovascular health have measured a significant association between a high degree of 'everyday' mindfulness and a higher likelihood of having normal, healthy glucose levels.

Why is impulsive aggression in children so difficult to treat?
Maladaptive and impulsive aggression is explosive, triggered by routine environmental cues, and intended to harm another person, making it a significant challenge for clinicians, family members, and others who interact with affected children and adolescents.

JBJS Inc. acquires Journal of Orthopedics for Physician Assistants
Paul Sandford, CEO of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (JBJS) Inc., has announced that, effective today, the Journal of Orthopedics for Physician Assistants will be added to the JBJS family of publications and products focused on meeting the information needs of musculoskeletal health professionals.

First hospital-based rapid detection Zika test now available
Collaboration between two Texas Medical Center institutions has resulted in today's release of the country's first hospital-based rapid tests for the Zika virus.

Research pinpoints devastating impacts of fetal alcohol syndrome
Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders are affected by a range of problems, including anxiety, depression, aggression, delinquency and diminished learning capacity a new review of evidence reveals.

Pigs' genetic code altered in bid to tackle deadly virus
Researchers at the University of Edinburgh's Roslin Institute have made an advance in the fight against a deadly virus that affects pigs.

Two NYU faculty win Sloan Foundation research fellowships
Two New York University faculty have been awarded fellowships from the Alfred P.

Experimental Ebola vaccines well tolerated, immunogenic in phase 2 study
Two investigational vaccines designed to protect against Ebola virus disease were well-tolerated and induced an immune response among 1,000 vaccinated participants in the Phase 2 randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial called PREVAIL I.

Vaginal delivery doubles the risk of stress incontinence compared to cesarean section
Vaginal delivery is associated with approximately twofold increase in the risk of stress urinary incontinence compared to cesarean section.

Study supports fish consumption during pregnancy
A new study supports the theory that the detrimental effects of low-level exposure to mercury may be outweighed by the beneficial effects of fish consumption.

Predicted impact of different alcohol taxation and pricing policies on health inequalities
Alcohol-content-based taxation or minimum unit pricing (MUP) are both predicted to reduce health inequalities more than taxation based on product value (ad valorem taxes) or alcohol tax increases under the current system (excise duty plus value added tax) in England, according to research published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Subsurface carbon dioxide storage: Risks for biogeochemical cycles in the soil
A high concentration of carbon dioxide gas in the soil can change the community of organisms living in the soil in the long term.

Genetically engineered immune cell therapy found to boost survival in mice with brain tumors
Nagoya University-led research team shows in mice the potential of a special immune cell that targets a key protein in tumor growth that helps stop brain cancer.

World's large river deltas continue to degrade from human activity
From the Yellow River in China to the Mississippi River in Louisiana, researchers are racing to better understand and mitigate the degradation of some of the world's most important river deltas, according to a University of Colorado Boulder faculty member.

Clinical manual addresses how to approach organ donation after euthanasia
A new practical manual addresses the controversial topic of organ donation after euthanasia, providing guidance to clinicians whose patients have requested euthanasia and the desire to offer their organs to others in need.

Humans speeding up evolution by causing extinction of 'younger' species
Just three years after crayfish were introduced to a B.C.

Marketing key to return on corporate social responsibility investment, ISU study shows
The decision to give to charity or develop a more sustainable product should not depend solely on a corporation's bottom line, but it is certainly a factor.

Trial for potential new drug that could help immune system fight cancer
Cancer Research UK's Centre for Drug Development, in partnership with Amgen Inc., has launched a new clinical trial to test a drug that could stop a patient's immune system from protecting tumors.

Eco-friendly food packaging material created by NUS researchers doubles shelf-life of food products
Researchers from the National University of Singapore's Faculty of Engineering have successfully developed an environmentally friendly food packaging material that is free from chemical additives, by fortifying natural chitosan-based composite film with grapefruit seed extract.

What bats reveal about how humans focus attention
Researchers discover how a bat's brain determines what sounds are worth paying attention to.

New Nature Communications study says 'fear itself' can help restore ecosystems
Lions, wolves and other large carnivores are frightening beasts that strike fear into humans and other animals.

El Niño prolongs longest global coral bleaching event
Global warming and the intense El Niño now underway are prolonging the longest global coral die-off on record, according to NOAA scientists monitoring and forecasting the loss of corals from disease and heat stress due to record ocean temperatures.

Creation of an island: The extinction of animals on Zanzibar
Researchers at the University of York have been part of the first comprehensive study of how Zanzibar was formed, charting the extinction of various animals from the island.

Children aren't active enough in winter, say Cambridge researchers
Children should be given more support to enable them to be more active during the winter, particularly at weekends, say researchers from the University of Cambridge.

Increased demand for 'vaginal seeding' from new parents, despite lack of evidence
Doctors are seeing a rise in the number of parents requesting so-called 'vaginal seeding' for babies born by cesarean section, according to an editorial in the BMJ.

LIGO's twin black holes might have been born inside a single star
On September 14, 2015, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) detected gravitational waves from the merger of two black holes 29 and 36 times the mass of the Sun.

Children with mental disability and access to justice
Children with mental disability (intellectual or psychosocial) still face obstacles in accessing the justice system under the same conditions as other citizens.

Science achievement gaps begin by kindergarten
Large science achievement gaps at the end of eighth grade between white and racial/ethnic minority children and between children from higher-and lower-income families are rooted in large yet modifiable general knowledge gaps already present by the time children enter kindergarten, according to new research published today in Educational Researcher, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Educational Research Association.

College psychology classes lack curriculum about disabilities
Psychology classes are among the most popular courses on college campuses today, but new research shows that many of them lack important information about the largest single minority group in the US -- people with disabilities.

New NTU microchip shrinks radar cameras to fit into a palm
Scientists at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, have developed a chip that allows new radar cameras to be made a hundred times smaller than current ones.

Special issue highlights new heart disease research on women, call for more
A women's themed issue of Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes focuses on women and heart disease.

Scientists unlock key to turning wastewater & sewage into power (with animated graphic)
An article published in Scientific Reports speaks to a growing sustainability movement to capture energy from existing waste to make treatment facilities more energy-efficient.

Cardiologists use 3-D printing to personalize treatment for heart disease
University of Melbourne doctors and engineers are using supercomputers to create 3-D models from patients with heart disease, with photos from a camera thinner than a human hair.

Searing heat waves detailed in study of future climate
Aggressive cuts in greenhouse gas emissions will translate into sizable benefits, starting in the middle of the century, for both the number and intensity of extreme heat events.

Negative citations important to scientific progress should be tracked, says new study.
Negative citations are not necessarily a bad thing, says Nicola Lacetera, an associate professor of strategic management at the University of Toronto Mississauga who is also cross appointed to UofT's Rotman School of Management.

New research introduces 'pause button' for boiling
Using a focused laser beam to essentially hit the pause button on boiling, Professor Shalabh Maroo's research group and collaborators at NIST and RPI have created a single vapor bubble in a pool of liquid that can remain stable on a heated surface for hours, instead of milliseconds.

Engineering design work focuses on improving quality of bridges
As the United States struggles to pay for expanding and maintaining the nation's transportation infrastructure, a University of Houston research team is proposing changes to the design for bridge construction that could dramatically lower maintenance costs while improving the quality of the bridges.

Specialist treatment delivery at university hospitals
Germany's national DRG-based (Diagnosis-Related Group) hospital billing system offers insufficient health care cost recovery for complex and rare disorders

New study shows emotional cost for parents who put on a happy face for their children
Recent research suggests that parents' attempts to suppress negative and amplify positive emotions during child care can detract from their well-being and high-quality parent-child bonds.

Dodos might have been quite intelligent, new research finds
New research suggests that the dodo, an extinct bird whose name has entered popular culture as a symbol of stupidity, was actually fairly smart.

Frozen section analysis for breast cancer could save time, anxiety
When diagnosed with breast cancer, women may have thousands of questions running through their minds, but one they may not have immediately is: Will my choice of provider save me time and money?

All Pensoft journals now integrated with Peerage of Science
Pensoft has now integrated all of its journals with Peerage of Science -- a platform with a mission to foster new levels of collaboration between scientists.

CAR trials drive leukemia and lymphoma treatment in new direction
Cancer immunology is based upon boosting the body's own immune system to vanquish malignancies.

Sinister shock: ONR researcher studies how explosive shock waves harm the brain
Today's warfighters are outfitted with body armor strong enough to withstand shrapnel from a bomb or other explosive device.

Two forms of radiosurgery for brain metastases are equally effective
While two advanced radiosurgery approaches -- Gamma Knife and RapidArc® -- offer different strengths, they are equally effective at eradicating cancer in the brain, say researchers at Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center.

Underwater robots can be programmed to make independent decisions
Mark Moline, a professor in the University of Delaware's College of Earth, Ocean, and Environment, recently co-authored a paper in Robotics on the advantage of linking multi-sensor systems aboard an AUV to enable the vehicle to synthesize sound data in real-time so that it can independently make decisions about what action to take next.

Alcohol exposure during pregnancy affects multiple generations
When a mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy, even a small dose, she can increase the chances that the next three generations may develop alcoholism, according to a new study from Binghamton University.

Described a powerful drug to advance in the fight against familial amyloidosis
Researchers at the Institute of Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, in collaboration with the biopharmaceutical company SOM Biotech, located in the Barcelona Science Park, have published, in Nature Communications, the results of a drug repositioning study in which they describe a powerful drug, SOM0226 (tolcapone) that could significantly improve the pharmacological treatment of familial transthyretin amyloidosis.

UW engineers achieve Wi-Fi at 10,000 times lower power
University of Washington computer scientists and electrical engineers have generated Wi-Fi transmissions using 10,000 times less power than conventional methods.

Advanced NASA-developed instrument flies on Japan's Hitomi
Now that Japan's Hitomi spacecraft is safely in orbit, a team of NASA scientists is now ready to begin gathering data about the high-energy universe with an advanced instrument that carries never-before-flown technologies.

Tick management symposium to be held in Washington, DC in May
Ticks that transmit Lyme disease and other pathogens have been spreading geographically, and increased numbers of illnesses are being diagnosed.

Dietary link to stunted growth identified
A team of researchers has found that inadequate dietary intake of essential amino acids and the nutrient choline is linked to stunting, a debilitating condition that affects millions of children worldwide.

A new recipe for biofuel: Genetic diversity can lead to more productive growth
A team of national laboratory and university researchers led by the Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory is growing large test plots of switchgrass crops with the farmer in mind.

Zolodrenic acid can prevent early bone loss in HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy
A single dose of the drug zoledronic acid was found to inhibit the bone loss that is common in HIV-infected patients and that is increased during the first two years of treatment with antiretroviral therapy.

New wheat genetic advancements aimed at yield enhancement
Texas A&M AgriLife Research is closing in on specific genetic traits in wheat that can help increase yields in the future.

University of Leeds and Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust announce sale of virtual microscope
The healthcare company Roche has acquired the intellectual property and technology of the Leeds Virtual Microscope (LVM), an innovative system designed to help pathologists making cancer diagnoses.

UTA electrical engineering professor elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry
Samir Iqbal, a University of Texas at Arlington associate professor of electrical engineering at The University of Texas at Arlington, has been named a Fellow of the prestigious Royal Society of Chemistry, the United Kingdom-based association representing more than 50,000 the world's leading chemical scientists.

Health and development in infants after mefloquine antimalarial treatment during pregnancy
Early development does not appear to be affected in children born to mothers who were treated with the antimalarial mefloquine during pregnancy compared to children of mothers treated with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, according to research appearing this week in PLOS Medicine.

Identification of a mechanism by which cells interact with their milieu
Researchers at IRB Barcelona and CSIC describe a cell communication mechanism that allows the organization of the extracellular matrix and how this structure affects cells through a feedback system.

Migraine, tension headaches and irritable bowel syndrome linked?
Migraine and tension-type headaches may share genetic links with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 68th Annual Meeting in Vancouver, Canada, April 15 to 21, 2016.

High-dose statin before, after cardiac surgery does not reduce risk of kidney injury
Among patients undergoing cardiac surgery, high-dose treatment with atorvastatin before and after surgery did not reduce the overall risk of acute kidney injury compared with placebo, according to study published by JAMA.

Influenza viruses can hide from the immune system
Influenza is able to mask itself, so that the virus is not initially detected by our immune system.

Critical care resuscitation unit speeds up transfer of critically ill patients
A team of surgeons at the University of Maryland Medical Center has developed a program that utilizes its Shock Trauma Center model to direct critically ill non-trauma patients to the appropriate treatment location and get them into an operating room and hospital intensive care unit bed as quickly as possible.

Childhood leukemia patients from high-poverty areas more likely to suffer early relapse
Among children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, the most common pediatric cancer, those from high-poverty areas are substantially more likely to suffer early relapse, despite having received the same treatment, according to research from Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center.

Signalling networks: From data to modeling
The Genome Analysis Centre hosted a five-day training course on cell signalling; from gene regulation to cellular models, to study signalling networks of plants, microbes and animals.

New therapeutic pathway may keep cancer cells turned 'off'
A new Tel Aviv University study offers tangible evidence that it is possible to keep osteosarcoma lesions dormant using novel nanomedicines.

Tackling Zika -- using bacteria as a Trojan horse
Bacteria in the gut of disease-bearing insects -- including the mosquito which carries the Zika virus -- can be used as a Trojan horse to help control the insects' population, new research at Swansea University has shown.

Controlling ultrafast electrons in motion
An international team has used the light produced by the Free Electron Laser FERMI at the research Centre Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste in the AREA Science Park to control the ultrafast movement of electrons.

NASA sees pinhole eye seen in weakening Tropical Cyclone Winston
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite saw that Tropical Cyclone Winston maintained a pinhole eye as it tracked east of southern Vanuatu's islands in the Southern Pacific Ocean on Feb.

Option B+ to prevent maternal transmission of HIV shows rise in women initiating therapy
The first findings from a study in the Kingdom of Swaziland on a new approach to reduce mother to child transmission of HIV were presented at the annual Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI 2016) in Boston. show that implementation of Option B+ greatly increased the number of women initiating ART and dramatically improved ART coverage among pregnant women.

New study highlights potential US public health impact of fish oil derived from menhaden
A new study published in Lipid Technology highlights the potential positive impact of consumption of oil derived from menhaden, a US-caught fish high in the omega-3s EPA and DHA, on public health across the country.

How sweet can you get?
Japanese researchers have made a sweeter version of thaumatin, a natural sweetener commonly used in 'diet' beverages, gummy, and jelly candies.

Food-based proteins discovered as key to child malnutrition in developing countries
Contrary to popular belief among world relief workers, children in developing countries may not be eating enough protein, which could contribute to stunted growth, a Johns Hopkins-directed study suggests.

Visualizing the emotional power of music
Musical styles and genres differ around the world, but the emotional power of music is universally felt.

NIH-funded study finds effect of PrEP on bone density is reversible
The slight loss in bone mineral density associated with HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) antiretroviral use is reversible in young adult patients who stop taking the drugs, according to findings presented by researchers today at the 23rd Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) in Boston.

Georgia Tech discovers how mobile ads leak personal data
Free smart phone apps aren't really free. Georgia Tech research finds that mobile apps can leak your personal, sensitive information from personalized advertisements.

Urban soils release surprising amounts of carbon dioxide
In the concrete jungle at the core of a city, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are dominated by the fossil fuels burned by the dense concentrations of cars and buildings.

What are the benefits and harms of cancer screening? Most guidelines don't tell you
A new study finds most cancer screening guidelines do not clearly spell out the benefits and harms of the recommended actions.

Questions over safety of giving newborns mother's vaginal fluids
In The BMJ today, experts raise concerns about the increasing demand for 'vaginal seeding' among women having a caesarean section.

Major pharma companies sign up to groundbreaking Parkinson's consortium
Seven of the world's largest pharmaceutical companies have signed up to a groundbreaking consortium aimed at accelerating the development of safe and effective therapies for Parkinson's.

NASA invites public to send artwork to an asteroid
NASA is calling all space enthusiasts to send their artistic endeavors on a journey aboard NASA's Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security-Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) spacecraft.

New study finds our desire for 'like-minded others' is hard-wired
A path-breaking new study on how we seek similarity in relationships, co-authored by researchers at Wellesley College and the University of Kansas, upends the idea that 'opposites attract,' instead suggesting we're drawn to people who are like-minded.

Ebola survivor study yields insights on complications of disease
Preliminary findings from PREVAIL III, a study of Ebola virus disease (EVD) survivors being conducted in Liberia, indicate that both Ebola survivors and their close contacts have a high burden of illness.

Robert Seeger, MD, selected for award from Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Consortium
Robert Seeger, MD, division head for Basic and Translational Research of the Center for Cancer and Blood Diseases at Children's Hospital Los Angeles has been selected for the 2016 Lifetime Achievement Award from the Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Consortium.

Terri Cook and Phil McKenna awarded EGU Science Journalism Fellowship
The European Geosciences Union has named journalists Terri Cook and Phil McKenna as the winners of its 2016 Science Journalism Fellowship.

Adaptable, ecology-based US National Vegetation Classification debuts today
The US National Vegetation Classification, a reporting standard organized around ecological principles for the study of plant communities, launches today.

Internal dissension cited as reason for Cahokia's dissolution
Dr. Thomas E. Emerson and Dr. Kristin M. Hedman from the Illinois State Archaeological Survey-Prairie Research Institute at the University of Illinois present a new case for Cahokia's demise.

Watch the chemistry of a burning match in ultra-slow motion (video)
To fire up the grill or the gas stove, we often reach for a match.

Study: Experimental Ebola drug ZMapp may benefit patients, but insufficient data
According to initial results from a randomized, controlled trial of the experimental Ebola treatment ZMapp, the monoclonal antibody cocktail was well-tolerated and showed promise.

New way to reduce plant lignin could lead to cheaper biofuels
Berkeley Lab scientists have shown for the first time that an enzyme can be tweaked to reduce lignin in plants.

Fat cells outlive skinny ones
Cells with higher fat content outlive lean cells, says a new study from Michigan State University.

Copper destroys MRSA at a touch
New research from the University of Southampton shows that copper can destroy MRSA spread by touching and fingertip contamination of surfaces.

Four UW scientists awarded Sloan Fellowships for early-career research
Four faculty members at the University of Washington been awarded early-career fellowships from the Alfred P.

New surgical tool keeps orthopedic procedures on target
A new opto-electronic drilling system detects minute changes during orthopedic surgery, allowing surgeons to correct drilling trajectories during the procedure itself.

Two Carnegie Mellon statistics professors earn NSF CAREER awards
The National Science Foundation has awarded Carnegie Mellon University's Jing Lei and Ryan Tibshirani Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) awards.

Boston University medical student receives the Permanente Journal's Service Quality Award
Justin Slade, a fourth-year medical student at Boston University School of Medicine, recently was awarded the 'Permanente Journal Service Quality Award' at the Institute for Healthcare Improvement National Forum.

UTARI, Pitt researchers to develop automated seat cushion to aid in ulcer prevention
Researchers from The University of Texas at Arlington Research Institute and Human Engineering Research Laboratories at the University of Pittsburgh are developing a solution in an automated seat cushion designed to prevent pressure ulcers in wheelchair users.

Health care is about to get smarter: The artificial intelligence boom
It is predicted that the use of AI in health care will grow tenfold in the next five years, and not all of the medical applications will be for doctors.

Researchers tune mechanical properties of radiation-sensitive material for biomedical use
An interdisciplinary team of researchers at North Carolina State University has developed a composite material that emits light and heat when exposed to specific wavelengths of radiation and that can be customized to have specific mechanical characteristics.

Old data may provide new insights on honey bee populations
There has been a lack of useful, long-term datasets on the size of honey bee populations, making it difficult to quantify actual changes in honey bee abundance, and to determine what causes population declines.

For weather forecasting, precise observations matter more than butterflies
Small disturbances, like the flapping of a butterfly's wings, don't really matter for weather forecasts.

Most US cancer prevention guidelines don't provide information needed for decision-making
The majority of cancer prevention and screening recommendations in the United States did not quantify benefits and harms or were unable to be presented in an even matter.

Natural sugar may treat fatty liver disease
New research shows that a natural sugar called trehalose prevents fatty liver disease in mice.

Bacteria overgrowth could be major cause of stunting in children
Excessive growth of bacteria in the small intestine could be damaging the gut of young children, leading to stunting, scientists from the US and Bangladesh have discovered.

Feinstein Institute researcher presents new definitions for sepsis and septic shock
Clifford S. Deutschman, MS, MD, vice chair of research in the Department of Pediatrics at Cohen Children's Medical Center and an investigator at The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, presented new definitions and clinical criteria for sepsis and septic shock at the Society of Critical Care Medicine's (SCCM) 45th Critical Care Congress in Orlando, FL.

Survivors of sexual abuse find support in online 'anonymity'
A study led by Drexel University researchers suggests that survivors of sexual abuse who seek guidance and support in online forums may be doing so because they find comfort in the relative anonymity the forums provide, which allows them to speak candidly about their experience and be direct in asking for help.

Imaging technique may help discover Earth-like planets
Regular telescopes are not good at detecting Earth-like planets because a host star's light generally drowns out the relatively dimmer light of a potential planet.

Human children and wild great apes share their tool use cognition
Young children will spontaneously invent tool behaviors to solve novel problems, without the help of adults, much as non-human great apes have been observed to do.

New Jersey Institute of Technology receives $4 million grant for cybersecurity education
The National Science Foundation (NSF) CyberCorps®: Scholarship for Service, a program seeking proposals that address cybersecurity education and workforce development, recently awarded a $4,078,362 grant to NJIT's College of Computing Sciences. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to