Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 24, 2016
Spotlighting the brain
Scientists have now described the engineering of a bright red fluorescent protein-based voltage indicator, providing pathways to understanding complex neurological disorders.

How to tackle the Zika virus
Health officials, drug companies, governments and the public are scrambling to understand and combat the Zika virus.

National Science Foundation and Popular Science announce 2016 Vizzies winners
The National Science Foundation (NSF) and Popular Science magazine today announced the winners of the 2016 Vizzies, awards that celebrate the use of visual media to clearly and accessibly communicate scientific data and research.

Stroke patients show higher recovery in MultiStem therapy studied at UH Case Med Center
Of the 65 patients treated with MultiStem®, 23.1 percent achieved a complete or near full recovery from their stroke after one year.

UCI maps methane leaks across Los Angeles Basin
Hundreds of methane-emitting hot spots have been identified across the Los Angeles Basin, including a 'clean ports' truck refueling facility near the Port of Long Beach, power plants, water treatment facilities, and cattle in Chino, according to new findings by the University of California, Irvine.

International study finds rectal microbicide gel safe when used daily and with sex
A reduced glycerin formulation of tenofovir gel was found safe when used daily and around the time of sex, according to the first extended safety study of a rectal microbicide for HIV prevention from anal sex.

Sleep changes seen with fetal alcohol exposure partly explain learning and mood problems
Slow-wave sleep -- the deeper sleep during which the brain turns each day's events into permanent memories -- is fragmented in adulthood in people exposed to high levels of alcohol in the womb.

Study predicts salt marshes will persist despite rising seas
Analysis shows traditional assessment methods overestimate salt-marsh vulnerability because they don't fully account for processes that allow for vertical and landward migration as water levels increase.

Simpler technique yields antibodies to a range of infectious agents
In a new study, Debra Hansen, a research professor at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute, explores an innovative means of investigating membrane proteins produced by a pair of highly pathogenic organisms.

Quality of care for in-hospital cardiac arrest varies among US hospitals
Adherence to recommended care following an in-hospital cardiac arrest varies significantly among US hospitals, and patients treated at hospitals with greater adherence to these recommendations have higher survival rates, according to a study published online by JAMA Cardiology.

NIH-funded study finds critical population adheres to PrEP with coordinated care
New findings suggest that black men who have sex with men (BMSM) with access to a novel coordinated care program can adhere to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), a medication regimen that helps prevent HIV infection in uninfected individuals.

Stop TB Partnership announces new initiative to increase access to new medicines for multi-drug resistant TB
The Stop TB Partnership's Global Drug Facility (GDF) will announce a new initiative to increase access to bedaquiline and delamanid -- the two new life-saving medicines recently approved for the treatment of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (TB).

Tropical fires fuel elevated ozone levels over western Pacific Ocean
A diverse team of atmospheric chemists, meteorologists and modelers, including scientists from NASA, has traced the origins of mysterious pockets of high ozone concentrations and low water vapor in the air above the western Pacific Ocean near Guam to fires burning in Southeast Asia and in Africa, half a world away.

Using thin or obese avatars in motion-controlled gaming can influence physical activity
A recent study conducted by researchers at the University of California, Davis, found that gamers using thin avatars showed increased physical activity compared to those using obese avatars.

New laser achieves wavelength long sought by laser developers
Researchers at the University of Bath, United Kingdom have created a new kind of laser capable of pulsed and continuous mid-infrared (IR) emission between 3.1 and 3.2 microns, a spectral range that has long presented a major challenge for laser developers.

Predicting human evolution: Teeth tell the story
New research shows that the evolution of human teeth is much simpler than previously thought, and that we can predict the sizes of teeth missing from human and hominin fossils.

Monitoring & support help patients and primary care physicians dealing with chronic pain
New research from Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) published in Pain Medicine (Vol.17 (1), February, 2016) found that through monthly monitoring and support from pain specialists, PCP confidence in prescribing opioids for pain was raised, the rate of identifying patients at risk for misuse of opioids was improved, and PCPs were more likely to feel satisfied about their communications with pain specialists.

Stop-TB Partnership's Global Drug Facility jumpstarts access to new drugs for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis with innovative public-private partnerships
A new initiative to enable developing countries to access delamanid -- one of two new life-saving drugs approved to combat multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) -- is today announced by the Stop TB Partnership and Otsuka, the drug's manufacturer.

Ohio State scientists tune switch for contraction to fix heart disease
For the first time, scientists at The Ohio State University have engineered new calcium receptors for the heart to tune the strength of the heartbeat in an animal model.

Most Ebola survivors in study experienced brain symptoms 6 months after infection
Most of the 82 Ebola survivors in a new study from the world's largest Ebola outbreak had brain symptoms more than six months after the initial infection.

Exeter experts receive €700,000 grant to study future water, food and energy security
Researchers from the University of Exeter are leading a pioneering international research project to deliver new guidance for governments to safeguard long-term provision of crucial natural resources.

Nitrogen is a neglected threat to biodiversity
Nitrogen pollution is a recognized threat to sensitive species and ecosystems.

This is your brain on exercise
People who exercise have better mental fitness, and a new imaging study from UC Davis Health System shows why.

Update on advances in gene therapy From National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences
New initiatives by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) to use gene therapy approaches to treat rare diseases and especially promising aspects of gene transfer and gene editing technology, such as adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors and CRISPR-Cas9 are highlighted in an editorial published in Human Gene Therapy.

Computers can tell if you're bored, shows new BSMS study
Computers are able to read a person's body language to tell whether they are bored or interested in what they see on the screen.

NASA sees strong vertical wind shear battering a weaker winston
Tropical Cyclone Winston has moved into an area with strong vertical wind shear in the Southern Pacific Ocean.

New interactive guide tells the story of forest products in the South
A new storymap developed by US Forest Service researchers allows users to interactively chart the ebb and flow of forest products across the southern states -- and visually tells the story of the decline of the forest products industry in the South over the last decades.

Colorado visitors using marijuana more likely to end up in emergency room
Out-of-towners using marijuana in Colorado -- which has legally allowed sales of the drug in retail dispensaries since 2014 -- are ending up in the emergency room for marijuana-related symptoms at an increasing rate, reports a new study.

Maraviroc-containing regimens safe, tolerable when taken for HIV prevention
Maraviroc, an oral drug used to treat HIV infection, is safe and well-tolerated when taken daily as pre-exposure prophylaxis to prevent HIV infection by HIV-uninfected men who have sex with men at increased risk for acquiring HIV.

Intensive blood pressure lowering treatment may harm people with diabetes
People with diabetes often have high blood pressure and an increased cardiovascular risk.

Zika epidemic highlights need for priority vaccine research for pregnant women
The recent outbreak of Zika virus disease and its link to fetal development highlights the need for pregnant women and those of reproductive age to be a priority group for developing and evaluating new vaccines and vaccine guidelines for Zika and other emerging infectious diseases.

How does COPD care by physicians compare with nurse practitioners/physician assistants?
Researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston investigated differences in care given to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients by medical doctors compared with nurse practitioners and physician assistants.

Attention bias modification treatment in depressed adolescents
A study to be published in the March 2016 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry reports that adolescents with major depression who performed a computer-based task designed to shift attention from sad to neutral to positive word associations showed reductions in negative attention biases and clinician-rated depressive symptoms.

Study examines heart structure, function of NBA players
An analysis of the cardiac structure and function of more than 500 National Basketball Association (NBA) players provides information that can be incorporated into clinical assessments for the prevention of cardiac emergencies in basketball players and the athletic community at large, according to a study published online by JAMA Cardiology.

Quality of care for in-hospital cardiac arrest varies among US hospitals
Adherence to recommended care following an in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) varies significantly among US hospitals, and patients treated at hospitals with greater adherence to these recommendations have higher survival rates, according to a study published online by JAMA Cardiology.

Innovative device traces chemicals affecting human and environmental health
In a new study, a multi-disciplinary, multi-institutional team of researchers headed by Rolf Halden, director of the Center for Environmental Security at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute, tracks the course of a family of widely used pesticides known as fiproles.

The dance of atoms
UCSB physicist David Weld receives an NSF CAREER award for work with optical lattice-based materials.

UI scientist: Honeybee hive collapse mystery rooted in hive size
University of Idaho professor Brian Dennis is helping scientists understand a baffling but vitally important puzzle: What is causing the decline of honeybees?

Conservatives prefer using nouns, new research finds
New transatlantic research led by a psychologist at the University of Kent suggests conservatives prefer using nouns.

Keeping mind active may delay Alzheimer's symptoms, but not underlying disease
Keeping the mind active may delay symptoms of Alzheimer's disease; however, the activity does not change the underlying disease in the brain for most people, according to a study published today in the online edition of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

UT Dallas study: NCAA athletes need more coaching on academics and career options
NCAA athletes need more coaching on the long odds of playing professionally and the importance of academics to their future success, according to a new UT Dallas study.

Moffitt develops novel cancer treatment to inhibit chemo-resistance
Many patients develop resistance to standard therapies and eventually relapse.

Better technology could take agriculture halfway towards climate targets
Unless greenhouse gas emissions from food consumption are reduced substantially, EU climate targets will not be met, according to a new study from Swedish researchers.

Optimizing biofuel production from algae using carbon dioxide emissions
The combustion of fossil fuels drives the world's energy production, but it also emits carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases.

Study finds surprising variability in shape of Van Allen Belts
The shape of the two electron swarms 600 miles to more than 25,000 miles from the Earth's surface, known as the Van Allen Belts, could be quite different than has been believed for decades, according to a new study of data from NASA's Van Allen Probes that was released Friday in the Journal of Geophysical Research.

ATLASGAL survey of Milky Way completed
A spectacular image of the Milky Way has been released to mark the completion of the APEX Telescope Large Area Survey of the Galaxy (ATLASGAL).

High school football helmets offer similar protections despite different prices
Despite prices, promises and even ratings systems, all helmets approved for high school football players appear to offer similar protection against concussion, according to a new study from the Colorado School of Public Health at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus .

Too much salt could potentially contribute to liver damage
A sprinkle of salt can bring out the flavor of just about any dish.

Rice U. study identifies factors that affect state-owned enterprises' welcome overseas
When a multinational company is a state-owned enterprise, the choice of where to expand may hinge on more than just economic considerations, according to a new paper by strategic management experts at Rice University's Jones Graduate School of Business.

Malignant brain tumors most common cause of cancer deaths in adolescents and young adults
A new report published in the journal Neuro-Oncology and funded by the American Brain Tumor Association (ABTA) finds that malignant brain tumors are the most common cause of cancer-related deaths in adolescents and young adults aged 15-39 and the most common cancer occurring among 15-19 year olds.

Study: Carbon tax needed to cut fossil fuel consumption
A new study co-authored by an MIT professor suggests otherwise: Technology-driven cost reductions in fossil fuels will lead us to continue using all the oil, gas, and coal we can, unless governments pass new taxes on carbon emissions.

Inability to avoid visual distractions linked to poor short-term memory
A new study by Simon Fraser University researchers has found that differences in an individual's working memory capacity correlate with the brain's ability to actively ignore distraction.

Study shows genetic counseling helps psychiatric patients
A new University of British Columbia study shows that genetic counseling helps patients with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and similar conditions understand and cope with their illness.

Tel Aviv University discovers fabric collection dating back to Kings David and Solomon
A Timna excavation team from Tel Aviv University has uncovered an extensive fabric collection of diverse color, design and origin.

What will emerging genetic tools for mitochondrial DNA replacement mean for patients?
Sophisticated prenatal techniques, not yet in clinical practice, offer the potential to prevent a cruel multi-system genetic disease passing from mother to child long before birth.

Laser treatment may boost effectiveness of brain tumor drugs
The human brain has a remarkable defense system that filters bacteria and chemicals.

UNC-Chapel Hill researchers make groundbreaking discovery, use skin cells to kill cancer
In a first for medical science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill pharmacy researchers turn skin cells into cancer-hunting stem cells that destroy brain tumors known as glioblastoma -- a discovery that can offer, for the first time in more than 30 years, a new and more effective treatment for the disease.

NIST report: Science-based data collection key to better wildland fire defense
A new report by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) describes how researchers analyzed a major 2011 Texas wildland fire using a rigorous and scientifically based post-fire data collection approach, a system they believe will lead to improved defensive measures and strategies for significantly reducing structural damage and property loss.

Cardiovascular disease risk prediction models appear to work well in black adults
Although cardiovascular disease risk prediction models are developed with predominantly white populations, application of models to a large black population finds that they work well in black individuals and are not easily improved on, suggesting that a unique risk calculator for black adults may not be necessary, according to a study published online by JAMA Cardiology.

Immune cells don't always ward off carbon nano invaders
Scientists at the University of Michigan have found evidence that some carbon nanomaterials can enter into immune cell membranes, seemingly going undetected by the cell's built-in mechanisms for engulfing and disposing of foreign material, and then escape through some unidentified pathway.

Unconventional treatment strategy controls -- rather than eradicates -- cancer
Can we learn to live with--rather than kill--cancer? A new study suggests that frequent, low-dose chemotherapy that keeps tumor growth under control may be more effective than standard high-dose chemotherapy that seeks to eradicate cancer cells completely.

Reduced side effects from ECT for those with severe depression
Despite its effectiveness, use of ECT remains limited due to concerns about side effects.

White, male documentary filmmakers dominate Academy Award recognition
AU's Center for Media & Social Impact releases new diversity and inclusion research targeting the Academy Award category Best Documentary Feature.

The Professional Animal Scientist now published by Elsevier and FASS Inc.
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical, and medical information products and services, is pleased to announce that from 2016 it is now the co-publisher of The Professional Animal Scientist, marking a new publishing partnership with the American Registry of Professional Animal Scientists, and FASS Inc.

The prolonged death of light from type Ia supernovae
Three years after its explosion, a type Ia supernova continues to shine brighter than expected, new research finds.

Innovative collaboration leads to improved discharge outcomes for children with asthma
A new study demonstrates that pediatric patients with asthma who left the hospital with their prescription medications made fewer emergency department (ED) visits after they were discharged than if they were discharged still needing to go to a pharmacy to pick-up their medications.

Could a bacteria-killing protein lead to a new treatment for diabetes?
Why would a bacteria-killing protein be present in an area of the body that is not normally exposed to bacteria, like the pancreas?

Antibiotic stewardship practices widely implemented in VA health-care system
New research highlights the robust presence of antibiotic stewardship practices in most Veterans Administration-affiliated facilities, manifested in both formal and informal policies.

Adapted Trombe wall now used for both building heating and cooling
Researcher Marwa Dabaieh from Lund University in Sweden has come up with a way to adapt the so-called Trombe wall -- a passive solar building design from the 19th century -- to not only heat but also cool buildings, while drastically reduce associated carbon emissions.

The first European earthworm map is drawn
Despite the abundance of earthworms in soils all around the world, there is a lack of information concerning the geographical distribution of many lumbricid species.

Global warming will drive vast, unpredictable shift in natural wealth
Many studies have shown that critical natural resources, including fish stocks, are moving poleward as the planet warms.

New research challenges Darwin, shows how a gene cheats Mendel's law of segregation
Copies of the mouse gene R2d2 can spread quickly through lab and wild mouse populations, despite the fact that the genes cause females to have fewer offspring.

EU decision process hinders use of genetically modified trees
Just like other crops, trees can be genetically modified in order to introduce new, useful characteristics.

Refined interview technique can reveal plans of terror
An interview technique for eliciting intelligence without asking questions has in a series of experiments proven to work very well.

Sounds can help develop speech and gestures in children with autism
Children with autism and other similar conditions often have difficulties in several areas of communication.

NASA contributes to global standard for navigation, studies of Earth
Just as trail landmarks aid hikers, the International Terrestrial Reference Frame is a key standard in science and daily life.

Study examines heart structure, function of NBA players
An analysis of the cardiac structure and function of more than 500 National Basketball Association (NBA) players provides information that can be incorporated into clinical assessments for the prevention of cardiac emergencies in basketball players and the athletic community at large, according to a study published online by JAMA Cardiology.

How tablets and YouTube can empower people with intellectual disabilities
New research from Concordia University in Montreal shows that mobile technologies like tablets and smartphones can go a long way in helping people with intellectual disabilities face challenges.

Evidence of early medieval Muslim graves found in France
Archaeological and genetic analysis may indicate that three skeletons buried in medieval graves in France may have been Muslim, according to a study published Feb.

Chapman University examines what keeps passion alive in long-term relationships
A Chapman University psychologist and his interdisciplinary research team have just published a study examining the sexual satisfaction -- or dissatisfaction -- of heterosexual couples in long-term relationships, and what contributes to keeping sexual passion alive.

HPTN 073: Client-centered care coordination attains high uptake for PrEP among US BMSM
Investigators from the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) today announced key results from the HPTN 073 Study at the 2016 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections in Boston, Massachusetts.

Adult male gorillas call more during feeding than females, juveniles
Gorillas in the wild frequently 'sing' and 'hum' during feeding and adult males call more than their younger or female counterparts, according to a study published Feb.

Bluebird's conundrum: Shack up now or hang out in mom's nest for a while?
Young male bluebirds may gain an evolutionary advantage by delaying breeding and helping out their parents' nests instead, according to new research led by Caitlin Stern of the Santa Fe Institute.

'Squishiness' can indicate embryo viability, Stanford researchers find
A team of bioengineers and physicians has found that the squishiness of an hour-old fertilized egg can predict its viability, a metric that could lead to safer, more successful IVF pregnancies.

The Mesoamerican bean decoded
An Ibero-American team of scientists decoded the Mesoamerican variety of the bean genome coinciding with the celebration of the International Year of Pulses, as designated by the United Nations.

Wastewater treatment plants significant source of microplastics in rivers
Millions of tiny pieces of plastic are escaping wastewater treatment plant filters and winding up in rivers where they could potentially contaminate drinking water supplies and enter the food system, according to new research.

Research offers hope for better treatments for retinal degenerative diseases
Researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina have demonstrated a proper cell function when they used an alternative to viral induction to develop induced pluripotent stems cells that can be differentiated toward a retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell fate, i.e., expressing RPE cell markers and resembling native RPE cells in behavior.

The castaway: New monitor lizard fills top-order predator role on remote Pacific island
Separated by several hundred kilometers from its next of kin, a new blue-tailed monitor lizard unique to the remote Mussau Island has been described.

Study shows financial engineering could make life-saving drugs more available, affordable
Stratospheric costs for therapies not yet covered by insurance put some drugs out of reach for many patients.

Climate change takes from the poor, gives to the rich, study finds
Fish and other important resources are moving toward the Earth's poles as the climate warms, and wealth is moving with them, according to a new paper by scientists at Rutgers, Princeton, Yale, and Arizona State universities.

Laser surgery opens blood-brain barrier to chemotherapy
Using a laser probe, neurosurgeons have opened the brain's protective cover, enabling them to deliver chemotherapy drugs to patients with a form of deadly brain cancer.

Pancreatic cancer is 4 diseases, each with new treatment possibilities
An international team led by Australian researchers has studied the genetics of pancreatic cancer, revealing it is actually four separate diseases, with different genetic triggers and survival rates, paving the way for more accurate diagnoses and treatments.

Climate of Jupiter and Saturn may yield clues to Earth's weather
Turning his interest in meteorology toward planetary science, University of Houston professor Liming Li is analyzing data collected from Jupiter, Saturn and Saturn's largest moon, Titan, to find clues about Earth's past and future weather.

UTSW researchers build powerful 3-D microscope, create images of cancer cells
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have designed and built a microscope capable of creating high-resolution, 3-D images of living cancer cells in realistic, controllable microenvironments.

A mathematical advance in describing waves
Two UB mathematicians have published a new paper that advances the art -- or shall we say, the math -- of describing a wave.

One rule to grow them all
A new study by an international team including researchers from Arizona State University, combined tools from embryology, comparative anatomy and computational biology to reveal that a single embryonic rule has regulated hominin tooth size.

Checking the health of captive rhinos
White rhinoceroses are an endangered species. Proper captive management in zoos is therefore of great importance.

What makes penguin feathers ice-proof
Humboldt penguins live in places that dip below freezing in the winter, and despite getting wet, their feathers stay sleek and free of ice.

Freshwater biodiversity has positive impact on global food security
Inland freshwaters with a greater variety of fish species (biodiversity) have higher-yielding and less variable fisheries according to a new study from the University of Southampton and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Grassland harvest could conserve resources, benefit farmers, and curb government spending
A new long-term research study shows the potential for biomass production from perennial grasslands in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP).

Potatoes wild with calcium
Researchers have found the molecular marker -- a pattern in the plant's natural DNA -- for calcium in potatoes.

Ocean acidification slowing coral reef growth
Research at One Tree Island Research Station proves ocean acidification resulting from carbon dioxide emissions is slowing coral reef growth.

Cardiovascular disease risk prediction models appear to work well in black adults
Although cardiovascular disease risk prediction models are developed with predominantly white populations, application of models to a large black population finds that they work well in black individuals and are not easily improved on, suggesting that a unique risk calculator for black adults may not be necessary, according to a study published online by JAMA Cardiology.

Omega-3 fatty acids may lower breast cancer risk in postmenopausal obese women
Omega-3 fatty acids may lower the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal obese women, according to researchers.

U-M researchers find noninvasive way to view insulin in pancreas
A new study in the journal Diabetes by Arvan and his fellow U-M researchers finally allowed them to see exactly how much insulin was present in the pancreas of a living animal.

CNIO researchers fight aplastic anemia using a therapy designed to delay ageing
This work, published in Blood, was carried out by the CNIO Telomeres and Telomerase Group.

Researchers grow cyberforests to predict climate change
Washington State University researchers have created the first computer simulation that grows realistic forests down to the branches, leaves and roots of individual trees.

Ketamine for the difficult-to-sedate ER patient
For the small segment of the emergency population whose acute behavioral disturbance does not respond to traditional sedation, ketamine appears to be effective and safe, according to an Australian study published online last Thursday in Annals of Emergency Medicine.

Research Symposium and Family Conference brings 4 rare childhood genetic disorders together
A landmark national research symposium (June 21-24) and family conference (June 24-26) for Rett syndrome, CDKL5 disorder, FOXG1 disorder and MECP2 Duplication will be held at the Eaglewood Resort in a suburb of Chicago.

Solved! First distance to a 'fast radio burst'
For the first time a team of scientists has tracked down the location of a fast radio burst (FRB), confirming that these short but spectacular flashes of radio waves originate in the distant universe.

A lower limit for future climate emissions
A new study finds that the world can emit even less greenhouse gases than previously estimated in order to limit climate change to less than 2°C.

School buildings designed as 'teaching green' can lead to better environmental education
Laura Cole, an assistant professor of architectural studies in the MU College of Human Environmental Sciences, has found that students who attend school in buildings specifically designed to be 'green' exhibit higher levels of knowledge about energy efficiency and environmentally friendly building practices.

Autonomous cloud seeding aircraft successfully tested in Nevada
A team of Nevada scientists and unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) engineers have successfully flight tested the first-ever autonomous cloud seeding aircraft platform.

Results for concussion sideline vision tests may vary when English is a second language
Sideline vision tests to detect concussion are increasing in youth and pro sports, but a new study from researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center's Rusk Rehabilitation shows language may affect results.

Calculating the growth of eucalyptus plantations from the cloud
A new free application hosted in the cloud estimates the production of eucalyptus plantations in Galicia and the Cantabrian coast (Spain).

Keeping mind active may delay symptoms of Alzheimer's, but not underlying disease
People who keep mentally and physically healthy in middle age may help stave off the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease, but the activity does not affect the underlying disease changes in the brain for most people, according to a study published in the Feb.

Stress wakes up sleeping herpesviruses -- but how?
Hiding their DNA genome inside the nucleus of the infected cells, the herpesviruses establish a lifelong infection in humans, and they are known to reactivate in response to different kinds of stress.

Consumers have huge environmental impact
You won't make big cuts in your environmental impact by taking shorter showers or turning out the lights.

Study suggests that longer-distance migratory birds may be smarter
Birds that migrate the greatest distances have more new neurons in the regions of the brain responsible for navigation and spatial orientation, suggests a new paper published in Scientific Reports.

NYU's Jacquet receives Pew Marine Conservation Fellowship to study fisheries policies
Jennifer Jacquet, an assistant professor in New York University's Department of Environmental Studies, has received a Pew Fellowship in Marine Conservation to examine the feasibility of altering fisheries policies on the high seas.

Want to be seen as a leader? Get some muscle
Forget intelligence or wisdom. A muscular physique might just be a more important attribute when it comes to judging a person's leadership potential, according to a new Berkeley-Haas study.

Ocean acidification already slowing coral reef growth
A team of scientists led by Carnegie's Rebecca Albright and Ken Caldeira performed the first-ever experiment that manipulated seawater chemistry in a natural coral reef community in order to determine the effect that excess carbon dioxide released by human activity is having on coral reefs.

Do speakers of different languages hear music differently?
Neuroscientists have been wondering whether the distortions in the way we perceive foreign languages related to our knowledge of our mother tongue also characterize how we perceive non-linguistic sounds (e.g., music).

NASA's James Webb Space Telescope coming together over next 2 years
The year 2015 marked big progress on NASA's James Webb Space Telescope and there are still a number of large milestones before the next generation telescope is launched in 2018.

This week from AGU: Dubai, 'Blue Marble', #OSM16 press conferences & Arctic monitoring
Norman Kuring created the 2012 'Blue Marble' image, an incredibly detailed, true-color image of Earth that's featured in a new series of US Postal Service space-themed stamps.

Pulling water from thin air
As the planet grows drier, researchers are looking to nature for more effective ways to pull water from air.

New climate model better predicts changes to ocean-carbon sink
The relationship between our future carbon dioxide emissions and future climate change depends strongly on the capacity of the ocean-carbon sink.

Short-lived killifish reveals link between gene expression and longevity
It's well known that genetic differences among individuals influence lifespan, but a new study appearing Feb. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to