Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 25, 2016
U-M researchers leading effort to explain recent howler monkey deaths in Nicaragua
Two University of Michigan-based scientists are leading an effort to explain the recent deaths of at least 75 howler monkeys living in the tropical forests of southwestern Nicaragua.

Sugar rush shrinks brain cell powerhouse
The spike in blood sugar levels that can come after a meal is controlled by the brain's neuronal mitochondria, which are considered the 'powerhouse of cells,' Yale School of Medicine researchers found in a new study.

Single antibody from human survivor protects nonhuman primates against Ebola virus
A single monoclonal antibody isolated from a human survivor of Ebola virus disease (EVD) completely protected monkeys from lethal infection with the virus, according to research published in today's online edition of the journal Science.

Autonomous acoustic sensors help researchers find endangered seabirds
Marbled murrelets are so secretive that biologists didn't even know where they nested until the 1970s, and monitoring the populations of these endangered seabirds remains a challenge.

Lemelson-MIT program expands invention education opportunities for middle and high school students
The Lemelson-MIT Program announced today the expansion of the Junior Varsity (JV) InvenTeam™ initiative, adding California to its geographic line up of student teams in Massachusetts, Oregon and Texas.

Paid family leave linked to fewer kids' hospital admissions for abusive head injury
Paid parental leave is linked to a lower rate of kids' admission to hospital for head injury, finds research published in the journal Injury Prevention.

Researchers work to block harmful behavior of key Alzheimer's enzyme
Enzymes rarely have one job. So, attempts to shut down the enzyme that causes the hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease often mean side effects, because these therapies prevent the enzyme from carrying out many other functions.

UMass Amherst team offers new, simpler law of complex wrinkle patterns
Physicist Narayanan Menon points out that the work is crucial for understanding how wrinkle wavelength depends on properties of the sheet and the underlying liquid or solid.

Object located around a black hole 5 billion light-years from Earth has been measured
The team of researchers, with the participation of the University of Granada, has succeeded in measuring the inner edge of the disk of matter that orbits around a supermassive black hole in a quasar (an object the size of our solar system that emits as much energy as a whole galaxy).

Three Ontario universities receive funding to create Advanced Manufacturing Consortium
Three of the top research-intensive and industrially collaborative universities in Ontario -- McMaster University, University of Waterloo and Western University -- received $35 million in funding over five years from the Government of Ontario today as part of a $50 million project aimed at combining existing strengths in the heart of Ontario's manufacturing region to create an Advanced Manufacturing Consortium.

Post-Ebola syndrome in Sierra Leone
Researchers from the University's Institute of Translational Medicine have conducted a study of Ebola survivors to describe the medical problems they continue to have after recovering from the acute disease.

Infection-fighting bandages for serious burns
A new generation of biological infection-fighting bandages could reduce the death rate among victims of serious burns.

One in 4 cases of CRC diagnosed within 2 years of a negative screening result
One in four cases of colorectal cancer (CRC) detected in a guiac faecal occult blood testing (gFOBT) programme are diagnosed within two years of a negative screening result, a study in the UEG Journal1 has found, suggesting that gFOBT should be replaced by more sensitive screening methods to improve detection rates.

Physically active individuals cope better with heart attacks
People who exercise regularly tend to be less depressed after a heart attack.

Protecting the heart: Cardiac heme oxygenase regulates injury response
In this month's issue of JCI Insight, James George, Anupam Agarwal, and colleagues at the University of Alabama at Birmingham examined the role of the inducible stress response gene heme oxygenase-1 in mediating mitochondrial quality control in the heart.

World's smallest of giant flowers discovered in the Philippines
Some of the world's giant flowers, those of the parasitic plant genus Rafflesia, can reach up to a meter and a half in diameter.

Leaky lymphatics lead to obesity in mice
In the current issue of JCI Insight, Oliver and colleagues report definitive evidence linking obesity to lymphatic dysfunction in the Prox1+/- mouse model.

Zika virus linked to stillbirth, other symptoms in Brazil
A pregnant Brazilian woman infected with the Zika virus had a stillborn baby in January who had signs of severe tissue swelling as well as central nervous system defects that caused the cerebral hemispheres of the brain to be absent.

Composing and arranging music partly genetically determined
A new study identifies genome variants and pathways that contribute to composing and arranging in musically trained individuals.

Innate immune landscape in glioblastoma patient tumors
In this month's issue of JCI Insight, Amy Heimberger and colleagues at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center provide a comprehensive analysis of myeloid lineage immune cells in the circulation and in tumors of glioblastoma patients.

Is disinfectant necessary for safe drinking water?
A difference has emerged between some Western European countries and the US regarding the use of residual disinfectants to offer safe drinking water.

New heat wave formula can help public health agencies prepare for extreme temperatures
Extreme heat can pose several health risks, especially during sustained periods of high temperatures.

Genomic sequencing reveals link between STIs and leading cause of infectious blindness
For the first time, genome sequencing has been carried out on Chlamydia trachomatis, a bacteria responsible for the disease Trachoma -- the world's leading infectious cause of blindness, according to a study in Nature Communications.

11,000-year-old pendant is earliest known Mesolithic art in Britain
An 11,000-year-old engraved shale pendant discovered by archaeologists during excavations at the Early Mesolithic site at Star Carr in North Yorkshire is unique in the UK, according to new research.

Study: Ozone does not necessarily promote decline of natural ecosystems
Species-diverse unmanaged forests may be less susceptible to the damaging effects of ground-level ozone -- toxic to many species of vegetation and to humans -- than previously understood.

Graphene slides smoothly across gold
Graphene, a modified form of carbon, offers versatile potential for use in coating machine components and in the field of electronic switches.

NASA sees a different kind of El Niño
A new NASA visualization shows the 2015 El Niño unfolding in the Pacific Ocean, as sea surface temperatures create different patterns than seen in the 1997-1998 El Niño.

Doctors punch hole in heart wall to help diastolic heart failure
The first randomized trial in the United States to study a new implant for patients with diastolic heart failure is underway.

New trigger for self-powered mechanical movement
A new way to use the chemical reactions of certain enzymes to trigger self-powered mechanical movement has been developed by a team of researchers at Penn State University and the University of Pittsburgh.

Study: California blowout led to largest US methane release ever
The Aliso Canyon natural gas well blowout was the largest methane leak in US history, releasing over 100,000 tons of the methane before the well was sealed on Feb.

Sisterly sacrifice among ovarian germ cells key to egg development
Egg cells are the only cells in humans and other animals that are capable of developing into a new individual.

Parental pressure pushes young athletes to doping
Pressure to be perfect from parents makes young male athletes positive about doping, research from the University of Kent shows.

Genome editing: US could apply UK's approach to evaluate safety, ethics
Two potential ways of stamping out serious disease by manipulating the genomes of human embryos are under intense public debate: mitochondrial replacement therapy and germline genome editing.

Magnetoreception molecule found in the eyes of dogs and primates
Dog-like carnivores and some primate species may have a magnetic compass similar to that of birds.

Small study finds immunotherapy improves cognition in patients with schizophrenia
A recent study of a handful of patients supports mounting evidence that targeted suppression of inflammation packaged with standard therapy can improve the cognitive ability of patients with schizophrenia, physician-scientists report.

Fine-tuning cellular energy increases longevity
New research from the Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) identifies a protein that can extend the natural lifespan of C. elegans, a microscopic roundworm commonly used for research on aging and longevity.

3-D technology used to safely reveal the diet of 'Chaucer's children'
Biological anthropologists have discovered a new way of examining the fragile teeth of children who lived between the 11th and 15th centuries without damaging them.

Automatic programming makes swarm robots safer and more reliable
Researchers from Sheffield Robotics have applied a novel method of automatically programming and controlling a swarm of up to 600 robots to complete a specified set of tasks simultaneously.

Metabolism protein found to also regulate feeding behavior in the brain
Feeling hungry or full leads us to change how much we eat, but the molecular wiring of this process is not well understood.

Moffitt Cancer Center receives GMaP grant to strengthen cancer health disparities
Moffitt Cancer Center received a grant from the National Cancer Institute Center to Reduce Cancer Health Disparities to bring together researchers, trainees, new and early-stage investigators, and community health members to identify and prioritize region-specific cancer research, education, outreach and training needs.

Mastering the art of ignoring makes people more efficient
People searching for something can find it faster if they know what to look for.

Water-cleaning chemical made 'on-demand' with new group of catalysts
A quick, cheap and highly efficient method for producing a water-purifying chemical has been developed by researchers at Cardiff University.

Study finds only a small portion of synapses may be active during neurotransmission
Columbia University scientists have developed a new optical technique to study how information is transmitted in the brains of mice.

White House highlights Rare Disease Project at Precision Medicine Summit
A University of Utah-led initiative to help people with rare and untreatable diseases was highlighted by the White House at the Precision Medicine Initiative Summit today.

Penn study: Machine learning at arraignments can cut repeat domestic violence
University of Pennsylvania researchers Richard Berk and Susan B. Sorenson found that using machine learning at arraignments can cut repeat domestic violence.

Ancient chimpanzee 'Adam' lived over 1 million years ago, research reveals
University of Leicester researchers compare human male- and female-line genealogies with those of our closest animal relatives.

Elsevier announces the launch of a new journal: Bioprinting
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and solutions, is pleased to announce the launch of a new journal, Bioprinting.

High levels of intense exercise may be unhealthy for the heart
There is growing evidence that high levels of intense exercise may be cardiotoxic and promote permanent structural changes in the heart, which can, in some individuals, predispose them to experience arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythm).

California gas well blowout caused nation's largest methane release, study finds
The Aliso Canyon natural gas well blowout released more than 100,000 tons of the powerful greenhouse gas methane before the well was finally plugged Feb.

Predicting human evolution: Teeth tell the story
Researchers find evolution of human teeth to be much simpler than previously thought, and can predict the sizes of teeth missing from hominin fossils.

Europe 2030: Energy saving to become 'first fuel'
By 2030, more energy will be saved than the amount of energy consumed deriving from oil, according to a JRC analysis.

Study: Mental abilities are shaped by individual differences in the brain
Everyone has a different mixture of personality traits: some are outgoing, some are tough and some are anxious.

Shark research produces the unexpected
In a surprise result, James Cook University scientists have found female blacktip reef sharks and their young stay close to shore over long time periods, with adult males only appearing during the breeding season.

Who (what)'s driving and when?
Advancing the state of knowledge about human factors aspects of autonomous passenger vehicles are two studies published recently in Human Factors.

Protein that triggers juvenile arthritis identified
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, or JIA, is the most common form of childhood arthritis.

New Springer book series inspires sustainable city development
Springer is launching a new book series called 'Theory and Practice of Urban Sustainability Transitions.' The series will provide compelling new insights for an international audience by exploring the dynamics, challenges and breakthroughs in accelerating urban sustainability transitions in cities.

New catalyst makes hydrogen peroxide accessible to developing world
A group of researchers from Cardiff Catalyst Institute, Lehigh University and the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has developed a method of producing hydrogen peroxide on demand through a simple, one-step process.

Syracuse University chemists expose side effects of antimalarial drug
The drug chloroquine has long been used to treat malaria, but it is not without side effects.

Driverless cars could increase reliance on roads
Driverless vehicles could intensify car use, reducing or even eliminating promised energy savings and environmental benefits, a study led by a University of Leeds researcher has warned.

NASA sees Winston winding down near Norfolk Island
The once Category 5 Tropical Cyclone Winston was winding down when NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over it early on Feb.

Your proximity to a grocery store changes the way you eat
A new study from Georgia Tech has identified the food choices and nutritional profiles of people living in food deserts.

Colorado School of Public Health researcher examines chronic disease in workplace
The science of physical activity at work remains understudied despite widespread acceptance that it plays an important role in health.

University of Kentucky researcher helps draft 'historic' position paper on nutrition and athletic performance
A joint position paper from three professional organizations offers evidence-based consensus opinion on nutrition, health and athletic performance, including the use of sports foods and supplments as 'athletic performance enhancers.'

Discovery of key abnormality affecting brain development in people with Down syndrome
For the first time researchers have identified the lifelong changes in gene expression in the brains of people born with Down syndrome (DS).

Flowers tone down the iridescence of their petals and avoid confusing bees
Latest research shows that flowers' iridescent petals, which may look plain to human eyes, are perfectly tailored to a bee's-eye view.

Physicists promise a copper revolution in nanophotonics
Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology have for the first time experimentally demonstrated that copper nanophotonic components can operate successfully in photonic devices -- it was previously believed that only gold and silver components have the required properties for this.

Well blowout doubled Los Angeles's methane leak rate
A new study provides one of the first quantitative estimates of the methane leak rate from the blowout of a well in California in 2015, suggesting that methane emissions from this event temporarily doubled those from all other sources in the entire Los Angeles Basin combined.

New bush tomato species is the link between botany and an Oscar-nominated Hollywood movie
A new Australian bush tomato species, discovered by a team of researchers led by biology professor Chris Martine of Bucknell University, has been named after main character Mark Watney from the book and film 'The Martian.' The authors, among whom is the undergraduate student Emma Frawley, have published the new species in the open-access journal PhytoKeys.

Half of elderly colorectal cancer patients receiving value-less treatment
University of Colorado Cancer Center study shows that increased treatments, cost and side effects do little to increase survival in elderly advanced stage colorectal cancer patients.

'Team players' are picked earlier in NFL draft -- and paid more, study shows
A study by University of Central Florida researcher Steven Whiting found that college football players who helped teammates and put in extra effort were picked earlier in the NFL draft, and paid as much as $143,000 more in their first-year contracts.

Researchers use mouse model to study craniofacial disorders
Researchers from the laboratory of Paul Trainor, Ph.D., at the Stowers Institute of Medical Research have developed an effective and reliable technique for studying high-arched palate using a mouse model.

Radio rhinos: University of Guam scientist and colleagues tag coconut rhinoceros beetles
Finding breeding sites is crucial for the control of the invasive coconut rhinoceros beetle on Guam.

Proofreading molecules tug on RNA to ensure protein production accuracy
University of Chicago scientists have discovered how two enzymes play a critical role in ensuring quality control during splicing.

A good night's sleep: Engineers develop technology for special needs children
A Kansas State University engineering team is using a National Science Foundation grant to help special needs children through technology that connects sleep data with daytime learning.

Mountaintop mining, crop irrigation can damage water biodiversity, Virginia Tech researcher says
An international, multi-institutional team of researchers that includes a Virginia Tech graduate student recommends ways that humans can protect freshwater from salts in an article Friday (Feb.

Sustainability management: Legitimacy is more important than profit for large companies
The driving force behind sustainability management activities of large companies is mainly the pursuit of social acceptance.

Demystifying mechanotransduction ion channels
A bit of mystery has enshrouded the type of specialized mechanotransducers -- force sensors -- underlying the process of converting a mechanical force into a biological function -- mechanotransduction -- and how they're able to sense a force and, subsequently, transduce to downstream biological functions.

Voting restrictions stir anger, mobilize more Democrats to polls
In recent years, many states have passed laws that make it more difficult for people to register and vote.

Cooling technique protects speech during brain surgery
A new cooling technique can both protect the brain's speech centers during surgery and pinpoint the areas separately responsible for word formation and speech timing.

Trimming piRNAs' tails to clip jumping genes' wings
A research group at the University of Tokyo has identified a Pac-Man-like enzyme called 'Trimmer' involved in the generation of a class of small RNAs, which protect the genome of germ cells from unwanted genetic rewriting.

'Cocktail' orangutans leave researchers shaken and stirred
Reintroduction of a genetically distinct subspecies has led to hybridization in an endangered wild population.

Pathway to better metabolism discovered in fat cells
Control over obesity and diabetes may be one step closer thanks to a Hiroshima University study in fat tissue.

Bacteria take 'RNA mug shots' of threatening viruses
Scientists have discovered that bacteria have a system that can recognize and disrupt dangerous viruses using a newly identified mechanism involving RNA.

How to make a tiny volcanic island
On Nov. 20 2013, the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force discovered a small islet near Nishinoshima volcano, Ogasawara Islands, Japan.

How brain oscillations respond to teleportation
Technology may not have caught up to the teleportation devices of science fiction, but now we have some idea of how the brain handles 'beaming up' from one location to another, thanks to research by neuroscientists at the University of California, Davis, involving some specially wired volunteers.

Screening truffles for radioactivity 30 years from Chernobyl
Some forest mushrooms, such as wild porcini, can accumulate dangerous levels of radioactivity from the soils they grow in.

Braille maps for blind and visually impaired created with 3-D printer at Rutgers
Using a high-tech 3-D printer, a Rutgers University student and his professor created sophisticated braille maps to help blind and visually impaired people navigate a local training center.

Quantum dot solids: This generation's silicon wafer?
Just as the single-crystal silicon wafer forever changed the nature of communication 60 years ago, a group of Cornell researchers is hoping its work with quantum dot solids -- crystals made out of crystals -- can help usher in a new era in electronics.

Annual plastic surgery statistics reflect the changing face of plastic surgery
The annual plastic surgery procedural statistics from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS), show that in 2015 there were 15.9 million surgical and minimally invasive cosmetic procedures performed in the United States -- up 2 percent from 2014.

Source of cells used to generate new tissue may be important to personalized medicine
New insights suggest that the source of human cells used to generate new tissues and organs may be an important consideration in personalized medicine.

'Big data' helps to discover key factors driving blood cell specification
New research led by researchers at the University of Birmingham, alongside teams from the universities of Cambridge, Leeds and Manchester, has identified key factors that drive blood cell development by recapitulating this process in a culture dish.

Synchronized leaf aging behind seasonal changes in photosynthesis in Amazon forests
Research led by scientists from the University of Arizona and the National Institute for Amazon Research in Brazil has discovered the reason for a discrepancy between large seasonal changes in photosynthesis in the Amazon forest.

Analyzing genetic tree sheds new light on disease outbreaks
Scientists have a new tool for unraveling the mysteries of how diseases such as HIV move through a population, thanks to insights into phylogenetics, the creation of an organism's genetic tree and evolutionary relationships.

Synchronized leaf aging in the Amazon responsible for seasonal increases in photosynthesis
High-tech photography in the Amazon reveals that young leaves grow in at the same times as older ones perish, in strong contrast to temperate forests in North America or Europe, resulting in seasonal increases in photosynthesis that must be taken into account to build more accurate climate models.

The body's response to low levels of oxygen may treat mitochondrial disease, study finds
A team led by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators has found that the controlled induction of the hypoxia response, the body's reaction to a reduced level of oxygen in the bloodstream, may relieve the symptoms of one of the most challenging groups of genetic disorders -- mitochondrial diseases.

Cells work together to form the water-conducting vascular tissue of plants
Plants transport water in pipe-like structures made of dead and empty cells within a vascular tissue called xylem.

3-D micro X-ray images help answer questions about fried foods' internal structure
U of I researchers recently conducted a study using X-ray micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) to gain 3-D images of the microstructure of fried potato disks after they had been fried for various lengths of time in order to better understand oil uptake and distribution in fried foods.

New molecular property may mean more efficient solar and opto-electronic devices
Chemists and polymer scientists collaborating at the University of Massachusetts Amherst report in Nature Communications this week that they have for the first time identified an unexpected property in an organic semiconductor molecule that could lead to more efficient and cost-effective materials for use in cell phone and laptop displays, for example, and in opto-electronic devices such as lasers, light-emitting diodes and fiber optic communications.

Older adults have their own perspectives on sadness, loneliness and serenity
A new study by Rebecca Ready at UMass Amherst has found that older adults have different, more positive responses than young adults about feelings such as serenity, sadness and loneliness.

Tests show no specific gastrointestinal abnormalities in children with autism
Children with autism have no unique pattern of abnormal results on endoscopy or other tests for gastrointestinal (GI) disorders, compared to non-autistic children with GI symptoms, reports a study in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, official journal of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition.

Experimental Ebola antibody protects monkeys
NIAID scientists and colleagues have discovered that a single monoclonal antibody isolated from a human Ebola virus disease survivor protected non-human primates when given as late as five days after lethal Ebola infection.

Salt intake appears to have little impact on bone health in menopausal women
A low-salt diet does not necessarily translate to stronger bones in postmenopausal women, physician-scientists report.

Collection of open reading frames at 80 percent of human protein-coding genes
An international collaboration of organizations, including Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, has reached a milestone in creating a library of complete genetic blueprints for the thousands of different proteins in human cells.

IDT and 5G Lab Germany collaborate on technology to autonomous vehicles
Integrated Device Technology Inc. today announced the launch of what is planned to be a multi-year collaboration with 5G Lab Germany on research related to 5G tactile networks, including the application of IDT technology to enable network-connected autonomous vehicles.

Rep. Tom Cole and Sen. Roy Blunt to receive FASEB award
The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology will honor Rep.

Zeroing in on 'super spreaders' and other hidden patterns of epidemics
The complex properties driving today's disease transmission -- and the speed at which an epidemic can travel -- call for new methods of surveillance.

Genetics reveal 50,000 years of independent history of aboriginal Australian people
The first complete sequences of the Y chromosomes of aboriginal Australian men have revealed a deep indigenous genetic history tracing all the way back to the initial settlement of the continent 50,000 years ago, according to a study published in the journal Current Biology today.

Potential diagnostic for dengue fever outcomes based on metabolomic profiles
Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne tropical disease that can develop into the life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome.

New front opens in battle against stroke
Medical scientists just vetted a potentially powerful new tool for helping prevent stroke and heart attack.

New issue of CVIA: Special focus on electrophysiology
The new journal Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (CVIA) has just published its second issue, with a special focus on electrophysiology.

VUMC to lead pilot program for Precision Medicine Initiative Cohort Program
Federal officials with the White House and National Institutes of Health announced today that Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) will lead the Direct Volunteers Pilot Studies under the first grant to be awarded in the federal Precision Medicine Initiative Cohort Program.

New Penn study links moving more with decreased mortality
Doctoral candidate Ezra Fishman of the University of Pennsylvania found that for adults aged 50 to 79 moving more, even 10 minutes of light activity daily, predicts lower mortality rates.

Race and gender of scientists affect perception of credibility
Ideology is a key factor in determining how people assess the credibility of scientific researchers, according to a new UBC Sauder School of Business study.

What makes the brain tick so fast?
Surprisingly complex interactions between neurotransmitter receptors and other key proteins help explain the brain's ability to process information with lightning speed, according to a new study.

Human gut microbiome evolution: From hunter-gatherers to a western lifestyle
Westerners have a less-diverse gut microbiome compared to hunter-gatherers, but how and why these microbe collections diverged has largely remained a mystery.

Understanding the role of human polyomaviruses in cancer
In this month's issue of JCI Insight, Yuan Chang and colleagues at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center developed a new method to screen tumor samples for the presence of any human polyomavirus.

Clinical community crucial in the future of mitochondrial replacement, say experts
There is a unique role for the United States medical community to play in determining the future application of, and ethically acceptable approach to, mitochondrial replacement techniques (MRTs), according to a commentary published online by the New England Journal of Medicine.

A new approach to visualize drug delivery to the central nervous system
In this month's issue of JCI Insight, a research team from Biogen Inc. led by Ajay Verma uses sophisticated imaging techniques to provide new insights into intrathecal drug delivery.

Engineering music to sound better with cochlear implants
Columbia's Cochlear Implant Music Engineering Group are trying to reengineer and simplify music to be more enjoyable for listeners with cochlear implants.

Stem cell technique makes sperm in a dish
Scientists in China have finally succeeded in creating functioning sperm from mice in the laboratory.

Antibodies eliminate Ebola symptoms 5 days after infection
Researchers have harvested two antibodies from a survivor of a 1995 Ebola outbreak, one of which was so effective at subduing the virus that nonhuman primates given the treatment five days after infection experienced nearly complete protection.

Nitric oxide protects against parasite invasion and brain inflammation by keeping the blood brain barrier intact
African trypanosomiasis is called 'sleeping sickness' because when the infection is untreated, trypanosome parasites will invade the brain and cause disruption of sleeping patterns and irreversible neurological damage.

Police violence: What the public doesn't know
In the article 'Police Violence: A Two Way Street,' retired police officer and psychologist Matthew Logan, Ph.D., explores the 'untold story' behind accounts of police violence in the media.

How have changes in the use of anemia drugs affected dialysis patients?
A new study examines whether recent changes in the use of anemia drugs for patients on dialysis have contributed to changes in rates of death or cardiovascular events.

What twisting snails can tell us about animals' intriguing asymmetries
While people and many animals might look pretty symmetrical on the outside, inside our bodies we are all fundamentally asymmetric.

The BENEFIT Trial: A wake-up call to accelerate the diagnosis, treatment and research
Without a more efficient treatment, more than 200,000 people living with Chagas disease will die from heart disease in the next five years

Four new orchid species discovered during Lengguru 2014 expedition, West Papua, Indonesia
One of the biggest scientific expeditions ever undertaken in Indonesia, Lengguru 2014, made it possible to study and collect dozens of unknown plant and animal species, including four new orchids.

Boston Children's, Harvard Medical School enter Patient-Empowered Precision Medicine Alliance
Researchers at Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, with collaborators at the University of Utah, Recursion Pharmaceuticals and Pairnomix LLC, today announce the formation of the Patient-Empowered Precision Medicine Alliance, led by parent/citizen scientist Matthew Might.

NASA, partner space agencies measure forests in Gabon
A contingent of NASA airborne instruments and scientists on the ground has joined colleagues from space agencies in Gabon and Europe this month to study the dense African tropical forests in Gabon.

New insights into the seasonality of Amazon's evergreen forests
NSF-funded researchers uncover synchronized patterns of leaf growth and death in the Amazon, which can help build better climate and ecosystem models.

Louisiana Tech University professor awarded NSF CAREER grant
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded Dr. Marisa Orr, assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Louisiana Tech University, a five-year, $500,000 Early Career Development (CAREER) grant to support her research in engineering education and effective student decision-making.

An autoimmune trigger for juvenile idiopathic arthritis
In this month's issue of JCI Insight, Laura Santambrogio of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and her colleagues report that the molecular chaperone transthyretin acts an antigen that stimulates B and T cell immune responses.

Immunotherapy agent can disrupt viral reservoir in SIV-infected monkeys
An immune-enhancing treatment can push SIV out of its hideouts in infected monkeys that have the virus controlled with drugs, Yerkes scientists report.

Bariatric surgery may reduce life-threatening heart failure exacerbation in obese patients
A new study led by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators finds that heart failure patients who underwent bariatric surgery to treat morbid obesity had a significant reduction in the incidence of heart failure exacerbation -- a dangerous, sudden worsening of symptoms -- in the two years following surgery.

Discovery of likely subtypes of rare childhood brain tumor signals diagnostic advance
Research led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital and the German Cancer Research Center shows molecular analysis is likely to improve classification and diagnosis of a rare brain tumor and advance precision medicine.

Genetically modified E. coli pump out morphine precursor
Japanese bioengineers have tweaked Escherichia coli genes so that they pump out thebaine, a morphine precursor that can be modified to make painkillers.

Microrobots learn from ciliates
A swimming microrobot formed from liquid-crystal elastomers is driven by a light-induced peristaltic motion.

Scientists make significant anti-aging breakthrough
A breakthrough in understanding human skin cells offers a pathway for new anti-aging treatments.

Study: Ocean acidification already slowing coral reef growth
An international team of scientists from the Carnegie Institution for Science, Rice University and other institutions has performed the first experiment to manipulate seawater chemistry in a natural coral-reef community to determine the effect that excess carbon dioxide released by human activity is having on coral reefs.

Elsevier announces the launch of a new open-access journal: IBRO Reports
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and solutions, and the International Brain Research Organization (IBRO) today announce the launch of IBRO Reports, an open-access journal focused on brain research and sister journal of Neuroscience.

NASA's Aqua satellite catches the birth of Tropical Cyclone Yalo
The fourteenth tropical cyclone in the Southern Pacific Ocean developed as NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead.

Heart failure is associated with increased acetylation of metabolic proteins
In this month's issue of JCI Insight, Daniel Kelly of the Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute and his coauthors sought to explore how post-translational modification of mitochondrial proteins involved in energy metabolism contributes to the development of heart failure.

New substance selectively blocks Alzheimer's enzyme
For the first time, an international team headed by scientists from the University of Zurich has found a way to specifically inhibit an enzyme that is partly responsible for Alzheimer's disease.

Enzymatic engines
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering, along with collaborators at Penn State University's Chemistry Department, have discovered a novel way of utilizing the chemical reactions of certain enzymes to trigger self-powered mechanical movement.

Fish brains help explain human sensory perception
Advanced calcium imaging of zebrafish brains is helping University of Queensland researchers discover how sensory stimuli such as sights and sounds are integrated in the human brain.

IBS team suppresses oxidative stress and neuronal death associated with Alzheimer's disease
The Center for Nanoparticle Research designs mitochondria-specific ceria nanoparticles (CeO2 NP) capable of suppressing neuronal cell death in test subjects.

Antidepressant may improve cognitive symptoms in people with HIV
In a small, placebo-controlled clinical trial, Johns Hopkins physicians report that the antidepressant paroxetine modestly improves decision-making and reaction time, and suppresses inflammation in people with HIV-associated cognitive impairment.

Study shows teen girls' sexual orientation not always a predictor of sexual behavior
About one in five lesbian and four in five bisexual teen girls who are sexually active had a recent male sex partner, according to a new US study of close to 3,000 adolescent girls that appears in the March issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health.

State clustering of fatal unintentional firearm injuries and those involving police officers
Unintentional fatal firearm injuries and those involving a police officer currently cluster in distinct geographical areas of the USA, reveals research published in the journal Injury Prevention.

MIT Energy Initiative welcomes Exelon as member for clean energy research
MIT Energy Initiative announces that national energy provider Exelon joins MITEI as a member to focus research support through MITEI's Low-Carbon Energy Centers.

Climate change speeds up gully erosion
The erosion of large natural channels by flowing water -- gully erosion -- can wreak havoc on fields, roads, and buildings.

Pancreatic cancer: Major breakthrough in our understanding of the mechanisms of the disease
A recent breakthrough has shown that pancreatic tumors often lose the ability to express a small ribonucleic acid molecule called miR-137.The loss of miR-137 works in conjunction with various mutations frequently observed in pancreatic tumors to trigger uncontrolled cell growth and then cancer.

Mirror mirror: Snail shells offer clue in unravelling common origins of body asymmetry
An international team of researchers has discovered a gene in snails that determines whether their shells twist clockwise or anti-clockwise -- and could offer clues to how the same gene affects body asymmetry in other animals including humans.

Zika virus linked to stillbirth, other symptoms in Brazil
In January, a pregnant Brazilian woman infected with the Zika virus had a stillborn baby who had signs of severe tissue swelling as well as central nervous system defects that caused near-complete loss of brain tissue.

Life-threatening bowel ischemia can often be treated by balloon angioplasty
Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) can be successfully treated with endovascular therapy such as balloon angioplasty, according to research from the University of Eastern Finland.

Ames Laboratory will lead new consortium to research refrigeration tech
The US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory will be the home of a new research consortium for the discovery and development of more environmentally friendly and energy-efficient refrigeration technologies, sponsored by DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

ESTEVE and UAB expand their research to new gene therapies for Sanfilippo B and Hunter
ESTEVE and the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona create a promising platform of gene therapy projects with the addition of two new therapies for Sanfilippo B (EGT-201) and Hunter syndromes (EGT-301).

Cedars-Sinai to join Precision Medicine Initiative Summit at White House
Cedars-Sinai has been selected by the White House to participate in its Precision Medicine Initiative Summit today in Washington.

Molecular 'brake' prevents excessive inflammation
Inflammation is a Catch-22: the body needs it to eliminate invasive organisms and foreign irritants, but excessive inflammation can harm healthy cells, contributing to aging and sometimes leading to organ failure and death.

New formulation of FDA-approved drug may help treat Niemann-Pick Type C disease
Researchers used an existing FDA-approved drug in a novel approach to treatment of Niemann-Pick Type C (NPC) with promising results.

Let it go: Reaction to stress more important than its frequency
How you perceive and react to stressful events is more important to your health than how frequently you encounter stress, according to health researchers from Penn State and Columbia University.

Leaf quality drives forests' ability to absorb carbon
Leaf quality, rather than leaf abundance, drives seasonal fluxes of carbon dioxide in tropical regions, a new study reveals.

NASA maps El Niño's shift on US precipitation
This winter, areas across the globe experienced a shift in rain patterns due to the natural weather phenomenon known as El Niño.

Herring fishery's strength is in the sum of its parts, study finds
Just like a strong financial portfolio contains shares from different companies, the diverse subpopulations of herring from different bays and beaches around Puget Sound collectively keep the total population more stable, a new study finds.

New prediction tool gives warning of rogue waves
A prediction tool developed by MIT engineers may give sailors a 2-3 minute warning of an incoming rogue wave, providing them with enough time to shut down essential operations on a ship or offshore platform. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to