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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | February 29, 2016


Stanford-led study underscores huge gap between rich, poor in global surgery
The number of surgeries performed worldwide has grown steadily, particularly in the developing world, yet there remains an enormous gap in surgical care between rich and poor nations, according to a new study led by a Stanford University School of Medicine researcher.
Opting out of federal rule requiring physician supervision does not increase anesthesia care access
The Medicare 'opt-out' rule that allows anesthesia to be administered without physician supervision does not increase patient access to anesthesia care, according to a study recently published online in Anesthesia and Analgesia.
Is rare wildlife traded on the darknet?
Unlike illicit trade in drugs, guns or pornography, illicit trade in rare wildlife doesn't have to hide on the 'darknet' because people can find whatever rare species they want in the open marketplace.
New understanding of bones could lead to stronger materials, osteoporosis treatment
Researchers at Cornell University have discovered that bone does something better than most man-made materials: it bounces back after it breaks.
Doctor, patient expectations differ on fitness and lifestyle tracking
With apps and activity trackers measuring every step people take, morsel they eat, and each symptom or pain, patients commonly arrive at doctor's offices armed with self-tracked data.
Improved imaging takes x-ray risks out of the picture
Fluoroscopy makes guiding a catheter through a blood vessel possible.
ICES Journal of Marine Science publishes special issue on ocean acidification
Today, the ICES Journal of Marine Science publishes a special issue on ocean acidification, the most-studied single topic in marine science.
Researchers to bring school gardens, cooking classes to Austin-area schools
Sixteen Austin-area elementary schools will participate in a study with University of Texas at Austin researchers thanks to a $3.85 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to learn whether growing fruits and vegetables and learning nutrition and cooking skills can improve health and reduce childhood obesity.
Major advances and ongoing challenges for gene therapy in SCID-X1
X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID-X1) was the test-case for demonstrating the feasibility of using gene therapy targeting hematopoietic stem cells to reconstitute the human immune system and provide effective long-term treatment for a hereditary disease.
In emergencies, should you trust a robot?
In emergencies, people may trust robots too much for their own safety, a new study suggests.
People in world's poorest countries missing out on surgery
The volume of surgery has increased globally over the last decade but wide disparities in access to surgery persist between rich and poor countries.
Vascular disease after age 80 associated with greater risk of dementia
People who reach their 80s without cardiovascular disease are more likely to suffer from the effects of dementia than a heart attack or stroke, according to a study today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Unlocking the secrets of squid sucker ring teeth
A squid has more in common with a spider than you may think.
NYU study defines social motivations of urban farms
Two thirds of urban farmers have a social mission that goes beyond food production and profits, finds new research led by NYU Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.
Blocking inflammation prevents cell death, improves memory in Alzheimer's disease
Using a drug compound created to treat cancer, University of California, Irvine neurobiologists have disarmed the brain's response to the distinctive beta-amyloid plaques that are the hallmark of Alzheimer's disease.
Imaging algorithm gathers information about how cells move
Knowing how cells move through different tissues in the body could be useful in treating conditions from cancer to autoimmune disorders.
Renal insufficiency: Frequently undetected
In Germany, nearly 2 million people have non-dialysis-dependent renal insufficiency.
Nuclear export of opioid growth factor receptor is CRM1 dependent
The opioid growth factor receptor (OGFr) interacts with a specific opioid growth factor ligand (OGF), chemically termed [Met5]-enkephalin, to maintain homeostasis in a wide variety of normal and abnormal cells and tissues.
Black widows are color-coded to deter predators without tipping off prey
Secret codes and hidden messages aren't just for computer security experts or kids passing notes in class -- animals use them too.
IOF launches new resource on rare skeletal disorders
On the occasion of Rare Disease Day, IOF has published a new online resource which provides information on more than 80 of the main rare disorders that affect the skeleton.
Studies find osteopathic manipulative treatment improves low back pain, avoid surgery
Studies published in the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association found that osteopathic manipulative treatment reduced pain and improved function in patients suffering from chronic, nonspecific low back pain.
Students binge drink less in locales with more affirmative LGBTQ school climates
Both heterosexual and gay/lesbian students report less binge alcohol consumption when living in states or cities that have greater proportions of schools with programs and policies that support lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning (LGBTQ) youth, according to new research from the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health.
New vaccine could save thousands of lives
Work led by University of Exeter experts could help to protect thousands of people from an often fatal disease found in most tropical regions.
'Need for Sleep': Even elite students are not spared
The legendary work ethic of East Asian students may have driven them to the top of the standardised test leaderboard but researchers at Duke-NUS Medical School found that adolescents who sleep five hours a night for a week experience significant cognitive degradation.
Penn Nursing awarded grant from Jonas Center for Nursing and Veterans Healthcare
The University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing) today announced that with a new grant of $60,000 from the Jonas Center for Nursing and Veterans Healthcare, matched by $40,000 of its own monies, it will fund the scholarship of five doctoral nursing students in 2016.
Both sides now: Brain reward molecule helps learning to avoid unpleasant experience, too
The brain chemical dopamine regulates how mice learn to avoid a disagreeable encounter, Science has shown that dopamine reinforces 'rewarding' behaviors, but to the researchers' surprise, they now show that situations that animals learn to avoid are also regulated by dopamine.
Sweeping review of human genome IDs stroke risk genes
Researchers seeking to better understand how our genes contribute to stroke risk have completed what is believed to be the largest and most comprehensive review of the human genome to identify genes that predispose people to ischemic stroke, the cause of approximately 85 percent of all strokes.
GW researcher receives $2.6 million grant to study treatment for malaria and tuberculosis
Cynthia Dowd, a chemistry professor at the George Washington University, is studying a promising possible treatment for malaria and tuberculosis with a five-year, $2.6 million grant from the National Institutes of Health.
High-protein canola meal beneficial for growing pigs
A new study at the University of Illinois has determined that high-protein canola meal could prove to be a valuable ingredient in swine diets.
Moth genitalia is the key to snout grass borers from the Western Hemisphere
Two scientists have produced an illustrated key to define the subtle differences between the 41 species of snout moth grass borers that currently dwell in the Western Hemisphere.
New Geosphere article examines massive 2014 Colorado avalanche
On May 25, 2014, a rain-on-snow-induced rock avalanche occurred in the West Salt Creek valley on the northern flank of Grand Mesa in western Colorado.
Biofuels from algae: A budding technology yet to become viable
Despite high expectations and extensive research and investment in the last decade, technological options are still in developing stages and key resources for algal growth are still too onerous for economically viable production of algal biofuels, according to a JRC literature review.
Capsule shedding: A new bacterial pathway that promotes invasive disease
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have discovered that an enzyme antibiotics rely on to kill bacteria also promotes survival of pneumococcus and sets the stage for serious, invasive infections.
Innovative neuropeptide depression treatment to be developed
The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) and Impel NeuroPharma have signed a licensing agreement to advance a new neuropeptide-based therapeutic approach shown to be effective in treating depression.
Breast cancer genetic variants found to alter how cells respond to oestrogen
An international study of almost 120,000 women has newly identified five genetic variants affecting risk of breast cancer, all of which are believed to influence how breast cells respond to the female sex hormone oestrogen.
New NIST method may find elusive flaws in medical implants and spacecraft
Medical implants and spacecraft can suddenly go dead, often for the same reason: cracks in ceramic capacitors, devices that store electric charge in electronic circuits.
Stretchable electronics that quadruple in length
EPFL researchers have developed conductive tracks that can be bent and stretched up to four times their original length.
Biological clocks orchestrate behavioral rhythms by sending signals downstream
Different groups of neurons program biological clocks to orchestrate our behaviors by sending messages in a unidirectional manner downstream, a team of biologists has found.
Increased risk of obesity with increased time in the US in Filipino immigrants in New York
A study led by SUNY Downstate Medical Center has found increased risk of obesity among Filipino immigrants living in the New York City metropolitan area.
New laser achieves wavelength long sought by laser developers
Researchers at the University of Bath, United Kingdom have created a new kind of laser capable of pulsed and continuous mid-infrared emission between 3.1 and 3.2 microns, a spectral range that has long presented a major challenge for laser developers.
Blood vessels sprout under pressure
It is blood pressure that drives the opening of small capillaries during angiogenesis.
UK epilepsy self-monitoring app wins prestigious international prize
Plymouth University, Cornwall NHS Foundation Trust and Cornwall Royal Hospital and Oxfordshire-based charity SUDEP Action are delighted that EpsMon -- the world's first self-monitor app and developed by this partnership -- is the winning solution to the international challenge launched by Epilepsy Foundation of America.
Offsetting climate change's effects
Grasslands across North America will face higher summer temperatures and widespread drought by the end of the century, a new study finds, but those negative effects will be offset by an earlier start to the spring growing season and warmer winter temperatures.
Childhood poverty, parental abuse cost adults their health for years to come
Growing up in poverty or being abused by parents can lead to accumulated health problems later in life, according to research from Purdue University.
Elsevier announces the re-launch of one of Germany's oldest medical journals: ZEFQ
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, announces the re-launch of one of Germany's oldest medical journals: ZEFQ -- The Journal of Evidence and Quality in Health Care as an international, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary and cross-professional journal.
Study points to cannabis' effect on emotion processing
According to Colorado State University researchers, cannabis significantly affects users' ability to recognize, process and empathize with human emotions like happiness, sadness and anger.
MOOC instructors may need more support for successful courses
Supporting instructors of massive open online courses -- MOOCs -- may be just as important to the creation of long-term, successful courses as attracting and supporting students, according to a group of researchers.
Plankton feces could move plastic pollution to the ocean depths
Plastic waste could find its way deep into the ocean through the feces of plankton, new research from the University of Exeter and Plymouth Marine Laboratory shows.
Extracting value from chaos: The promise of health information technology
A paper from the Regenstrief Institute takes a sweeping look at a variety of categories of health IT including electronic medical records; health information exchange; telemedicine; patient portals and personal health records; mobile devices, wearable sensors and monitors; and social media.
Cyclotron Road announces the selection of its second cohort of innovators
Today, Berkeley Lab's Cyclotron Road program announced the selection of its second cohort of innovators, whose projects include next generation batteries, advanced materials, biomanufacturing, and solar technologies.
New journal to focus on agricultural and environmental issues
Agricultural & Environmental Letters is a new journal that will encourage rapid scientific communication.
Precision oncology could be tailor-made for metastatic prostate cancer
Metastatic prostate cancer, where better therapeutic strategies are desperately needed, appears to be tailor-made for precision oncology, according to a new study by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle.
High-precision robotic system from Eindhoven targets ocular surgery
Preceyes' high-precision robotic system targets ocular surgery, with vitreoretinal surgical procedures as the initial target market.
Study identifies racial bias in US court sentencing decisions
Petty criminals who are black are more likely to be jailed than their white counterparts and serve longer sentences for low severity crimes, according to new research.
Type 1 diabetes associated with increased risk of some cancer types
New research published in Diabetologia reveals that type 1 diabetes is associated with an increased risk of various cancer types including cancers of the stomach, liver, pancreas, endometrium, ovary and kidney, but a reduced risk of other cancer types, including prostate and breast cancer.
Study links normal stem cells to aggressive prostate cancer
A study that revealed new findings about prostate cells may point to future strategies for treating aggressive and therapy-resistant forms of prostate cancer.
Activity monitoring devices provide reliable records of activity
Fitbit, the popular physical activity monitoring device, is a valid and reliable way of monitoring physical activity, finds a study published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.
Kessler Foundation's Dr. Dobryakova awarded National MS Society grant to study fatigue
Ekaterina Dobryakova, PhD, research scientist at Kessler Foundation, received a grant for $408,000 from the National Multiple Sclerosis Society to study factors influencing disabling cognitive fatigue in the MS population, toward the goal of developing novel endogenous treatments.
Preventing Alzheimer's in African-Americans by strengthening the brain
A major effort is underway to reduce the risk of Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia for older African-Americans.
New software provides an overview of the big data of genome sequencing
Since researchers first succeeded in mapping the human genome back in 2003, the technological development has moved at warp speed, and the process which at that time took several years and billions of dollars can now be performed in a few days.
A new way to discover DNA modifications
DNA is made from four nucleosides, each known by its own letter -- A, G, C, and T.
University of Kentucky physicist discovers new 2-D material that could upstage graphene
UK's Madhu Menon and collaborators have discovered a new material that could advance digital technology and open a new frontier in 2-D materials beyond graphene.
Mutated gene associated with colon cancer discovered in 18th-century Hungarian mummy
A new Tel Aviv University discovery suggests that a genetic predisposition to cancer preceded the advent of modernization -- and, in a bizarre twist, they discovered this evidence in an 18th-century Hungarian mummy.
Prostate cancer vaccine trial begins at Oxford and Sheffield
Oxford University scientists have started a clinical trial to test a new vaccine against prostate cancer and are looking for volunteers to take part.
Are parents of 'difficult' children more likely to use iPads to calm kids down?
It may be tempting to hand an iPad or Smartphone to a tantrum-throwing child -- and maybe more so for some parents.
Researchers make key improvement in solar cell technology
Researchers have reached a critical milestone in solar cell fabrication, helping pave the way for solar energy to directly compete with electricity generated by conventional energy sources.
Understanding ageism prolongs your life
Perceptions about ageism makes people think of older people and is a form of discrimination.
Glucose-guzzling immune cells may drive coronary artery disease, Stanford study finds
Hyper-aggressive immune cells parked in arterial plaque and bingeing on glucose appear to be major drivers of coronary artery disease, Stanford University School of Medicine investigators have found.
'Informed consent' states often give women considering abortions inaccurate information
Women considering abortions are getting medically inaccurate information nearly a third of the time in states that require doctors to provide informed consent materials to their patients, according to a Rutgers study.
How to argue for biodiversity conservation: 2 simple guides
Biodiversity decline is a fact, but how can society be convinced of the benefits of biodiversity for human well being and of the necessity of further protective action?
Does daylight saving time increase risk of stroke?
Turning the clock ahead or back one hour during daylight saving time transitions may be tied to an increased risk of ischemic stroke, but only temporarily, according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 68th Annual Meeting in Vancouver, Canada, April 15-21, 2016.
Study finds 5x increase in hand sanitizer use when located in hospital
Placing alcohol-based hand sanitizers (AHS) in the middle of a hospital lobby floor in front of the visitor entrance increased visitor usage by 528 percent, according to a study published in the March issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).
Helmholtz researchers identify genetic switch regulating satiety and body weight
A team of researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum München, Technische Universität München and the German Center for Diabetes Research has identified a new mechanism that regulates the effect of the satiety hormone leptin.
Anti-bacterial fabric holds promise for fighting superbug
An industry-academic collaborative group, involving UNIST, Yeejoo Co., Ltd., and KICET developed an anti-bacterial fabric, using a natural bacterial pigment.
Two-way clustering method for QSAR modeling of diverse set of chemicals
The articles by Basak, Majumdar, and Grunwald developed in silico models for the estimation of potential mutagenicity of chemicals from their structure without the input of any other experimental data.
Study celebrates the success of EU air quality policy amidst Brexit uncertainty
A study has found that about 80,000 deaths are prevented each year due to the introduction of EU policies and new technologies to reduce air pollution.
Active surveillance of low-grade prostate cancer alternative to overtreatment
For men with low-grade prostate cancer, active surveillance -- monitoring with the option to treat if the cancer worsens -- is the most common management strategy at a regional diagnostic centre in Ottawa, Ontario, according to new research in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
Drugs that treat osteoporosis also can cause small risk of thigh bone fractures
Osteoporosis drugs have significantly reduced the risk of bone fractures for millions of people, but also have been linked to unusual fractures of the femur (thigh bone).
Fossil find reveals just how big carnivorous dinosaur may have grown
An unidentified fossilized bone in a museum has revealed the size of a fearsome abelisaur and may have solved a hundred-year old puzzle.
520-million-year-old fossilized nervous system is most detailed example yet found
A 520-million-year-old fossilized nervous system -- so well-preserved that individually fossilized nerves are visible -- is the most complete and best example yet found, and could help unravel how the nervous system evolved in early animals.
In Russia, discovery of preserved Siberian moose with the DNA of ancient animal
Scientists of the Tomsk State University have found preserved moose in Western Siberia that have unique features of DNA structure.
Organic cation transporter CarT crucial for Drosophila vision
Scientists at UMass Medical School have identified a cell membrane transporter -- CarT -- that maintains vision in the fruit fly Drosophila by recycling the neurotransmitter histamine in the brain.
Female fertility is dependent on functional expression of the E3 ubiquitin ligase Itch
Protein ubiquitination is known to result in its proteasomal degradation or to serve as a signal for tissue-specific cellular functions.
Bath astrophysicist named Woman of the Year
Head of Astrophysics at the University of Bath, Professor Carole Mundell, has been named Woman of the Year in the UK's biggest program championing women in technology, the 2016 FDM everywoman in Technology Awards.
Loss of MHCI in motor neurons leads to ALS astrocyte toxicity
Until recently, the role of astrocytes, glial cells that normally support motor neurons, in motor neuron death has been a mystery, but new research sheds light on molecular mechanisms responsible for motor neuron death in ALS.
Single dose of trastuzumab kick starts immune response in certain breast cancers
A tumor's immune response to a single dose of the HER2 inhibitor trastuzumab predicted which patients with HER2-positive breast cancer would respond to the drug on a more long-term basis, according to the results of a study published recently in Clinical Cancer Research.
Study finds no link between insomnia and cholesterol levels
A new study found that people with symptoms of insomnia did not have higher levels of cholesterol, one of the risk factors for cardiovascular disease, than people without insomnia.
Study hints at regeneration of nerve insulation to treat CHARGE birth defects
Research in Nature Neuroscience suggests the possibility of treating a group of genetic birth defects with molecular therapy that would regenerate malformed nerve insulation in the central nervous system.
Lower limit for future climate emissions needed, research says
Research, published this week in the journal Nature Climate Change and carried out by a team of researchers which includes Professor Pierre Friedlingstein, Chair of Mathematical Modelling of Climate Systems in the College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, lends further urgency to the need to address climate change.
Publication in Nature one of string of discoveries using Texas-developed technology
To confirm discoveries that show, for example, the structure of protein complexes, teams of scientists worldwide turn to a software technology developed in the School of Medicine at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.
Free ambulance service halves pregnancy-related deaths in rural Ethiopia
An operational assessment of a national free ambulance services program reveals a drastic reduction in pregnancy-related deaths in rural Ethiopia, suggesting that the innovative model could offer a cost-effective way to improve maternal health outcomes across Sub-Saharan Africa.
Quick thinking and feeling healthy predict longer life
Suffering from chronic medical conditions and engaging in unhealthy behaviors are known risk factors for early death, but findings from a longitudinal study of over 6,000 adults suggests that certain psychological factors may be even stronger predictors of how long we'll live.
Forensic botany uses plant DNA to trace crimes
Sam Houston State University is advancing the field of forensic botany with the publication of two recent studies that use marijuana DNA to link drug supplies and pollen DNA to aid in forensic investigations.
New insights into how antiarrhythmic drugs work
If you suffer from atrial fibrillation (AF) -- a condition where disorganized electrical signals cause the heart's upper chambers to contract quickly and irregularly -- your doctor may prescribe an antiarrhythmic drug.
Immune therapy breaks down wall around pancreatic tumors for chemo to attack
In a new preclinical study in Cancer Discovery, researchers from the Abramson Cancer Center at the University of Pennsylvania have uncovered the poorly understood mechanics of how macrophages can be 're-educated' by an experimental immune therapy to help tear down the scaffolding that surrounds and protects pancreas cancer from chemotherapy.
Scripps Florida scientists find way to predict activity of stem cells
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have for the first time developed a way to predict how a specific type of stem cell will act against different diseases.
Watching new species evolve in real time
Sometimes evolution proceeds much more rapidly than we might think.
Elsevier announces the launch of the first journal in two-dimensional materials: FlatChem
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and solutions, today announces the launch of a new two-dimensional graphene journal: FlatChem.
NCE to recognize alumni, faculty, staff and students at 18th Annual Salute to Excellence
Newark College of Engineering at New Jersey Institute of Technology will celebrate its continued commitment to engineering education advancement at the 18th annual Salute to Engineering Excellence March 9, 2016, 6-9 p.m. at the Newark Museum.
Study finds consistent link between violent crime and concealed-carry gun permits
The first study to find a significant relationship between firearm crime and subsequent applications for, and issuance of, concealed-carry gun permits has been published in the Journal of Interpersonal Violence.
Microorganisms duke it out within algal blooms
A five-month survey finds that algal blooms encompass dozens of types of microorganisms fighting for supremacy, with the dominant species shifting on an almost daily basis.
Metabolic phenotyping of blood plasma allows for the detection of lung cancer
Metabolic phenotyping of blood plasma by proton nuclear magnetic resonance identified unique metabolic biomarkers specific to lung cancer patients and allowed for the accurate identification of a cohort of patients with early and late-stage lung cancer.
New targets for reducing nerve pain identified
A specific molecule involved in maintaining pain after a nerve injury has been identified and blocked in mice by Hiroshima University researchers.
Making better enzymes and protein drugs
Ashok Ganesan and Aleksandra Siekierska from the SWITCH laboratory, under the direction of Frederic Rousseau and Joost Schymkowits show that there is an anti-correlation between the number of aggregation prone regions (APRs) in a protein's sequence and its solubility, suggesting that mutational suppression of APRs could provide a simple strategy to increase protein solubility.
Undergraduate student takes to Twitter to expose illegal release of alien fish in Japan
Posing a significant threat to the native biodiversity in Japan, specifically that of threatened aquatic insects, some alien fishes, such as the bluegill, have become the reason for strict prohibitions.
Scientists used high tech ultrasound imaging to study tiger shark reproduction
Researchers from the University of Miami's Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science and the University of New England used the same ultrasound imaging technology used by medical professionals on pregnant women to study the reproductive biology of female tiger sharks.
Anthropocene examined
In the March-April issue of GSA Today, Stanley Finney (California State University at Long Beach) and Lucy Edwards (US Geological Survey) tackle the hot topic of whether to define a new 'Anthropocene' epoch as a formal unit of the geologic time scale.
New UTSA study delves into what makes a great leader
According to a new study by Dina Krasikova, assistant professor of management at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), the key to a successful, creative leader is confidence.
Study suggests lower income Ontario seniors less likely to access newly approved drugs
Wealthier seniors in Ontario were prescribed a new blood thinner for a common heart rhythm abnormality 1.5 times more often than poorer seniors when the drug was first approved by Health Canada, a new study has found.
Fishing meets science with waders and smartphones
Dutch and American researchers have developed waders equipped with temperature sensors that enable fly-fishers to find the best fishing locations while collecting data to help scientists study streams.
New genetic insights into mesothelioma
In a comprehensive genomic analysis using more than 200 mesothelioma tumors, investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital have found previously unknown genetic alterations, including some that may be clinically actionable, as well as others that may improve diagnostics, screening and predictions about outcomes for patients.
First evidence that constant stress causes organisms to program changes in offspring
Researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington have now provided the first evidence that stable environments like constant predator threats, not unstable conditions, generate the non-genetic behavioral changes known as 'transgenerational response' in the next generation.
Shaving time to test antidotes for nerve agents
To calculate the total energy required to scale a mountain, you and some friends might strap energy meters to your bikes and ride the route in a relay, then add up your individual energy inputs.
A human liver microphysiology platform for studying physiology, drug safety, and disease
Currently available animal and human liver models provide limited predictions of human drug efficacy and toxicity, primarily due to metabolic differences and the limited ability of simple 2-D models to recapitulate the complex cellular interactions that lead to toxicity.
Illuminating the broad spectrum of disease
Researchers from Broad Institute and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have described a new method that dramatically simplifies an arduous experimental process in early drug discovery.
Nanoparticles on nanosteps
A group of scientists from the International School of Advanced Studies in Trieste and the DEMOCRITOS centre of the Istituto Officina dei Materiali of the Italian National Research Council (IOM-CNR), with the collaboration of other institutions, have developed a material that maintains the stability of a 'dispersed' catalyst, thus maximising the efficiency of the process and decreasing costs and wastage.
Syracuse chemists combine biology, nanotechnology to create alternate energy source
Chemists in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences have made a transformational advance in an alternate lighting source -- one that doesn't require a battery or a plug.
LGBTQ people often invisible in home care, York U research project reveals
This research, the first study to comprehensively examine home care access for LGBTQ people in Ontario, was conducted by a team led by School of Social Work Professor Andrea Daley and School of Nursing Professor Judith MacDonnell, in collaboration with Rainbow Health Ontario and the Toronto Central Community Care Access Centre.
Do we have free will?
A study by UCSB psychologists explores how disbelief in free will corrupts intuitive cooperation.
Study may widen patient pool that benefits from EPZ-5676 against acute myeloid leukemia
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study published today in the Journal of Clinical Investigation unpacks mechanism that gene MN1 uses to cause an aggressive AML subtype.
New theory of deep-ocean sound waves may aid tsunami detection
Researchers at MIT have now identified a less dramatic though far more pervasive source of acoustic-gravity waves: surface ocean waves, such as those that can be seen from a beach or the deck of a boat.
Risk of catching Ebola from survivor 'very low'
New research finds the risk of catching Ebola from a survivor to be 'very low.' Researchers set out to discover how long the Ebola virus persists in different human body fluids -- including blood, urine, semen, sweat, breast milk, feces, and vaginal fluids.
University of Louisville cardiologist to test biomarker that may predict heart disease in women
Andrew DeFilippis, M.D., M.Sc., will study archived blood samples from thousands of patients to determine whether the presence of certain lipids in a person's bloodstream can be used to pinpoint women at risk for having a heart attack.
Engineered swarmbots rely on peers for survival
Researchers from Duke University have engineered microbes that can't run away from home.
Research demonstrates that air data can be used to reconstruct radiological releases
New research from North Carolina State University demonstrates that experts can use data from air sampling technology to not only detect radiological releases, but to accurately quantify the magnitude and source of the release.
New insight into the possible risk factors associated with food allergies
A study by researchers at the University of Southampton and Southampton General Hospital, is the first to assess the prevalence of two different types of food hypersensitivity and the risk factors associated with them.
VTT and Aalto University to develop new technology for optical data transfer for the evolving needs of the information society
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland and Aalto University, together with a group of contributing local companies, are starting a new Tekes-funded project on optical switching and transmission technologies.
Three 'twisted' photons in 3 dimensions
Researchers at the Institute of Quantum Optics and Quantum Information, the University of Vienna, and the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona have achieved a new milestone in quantum physics: they were able to entangle three particles of light in a high-dimensional quantum property related to the 'twist' of their wavefront structure.
MAVEN observes Mars moon Phobos in the mid- and far-ultraviolet
NASA scientists are closer to solving the mystery of how Mars' moon Phobos formed.
Partnership to develop subretinal drug delivery technology
Preceyes B.V. and Nightstar have entered into a collaboration for the development of a high-precision drug delivery technology in the eye.
Injustice can spread
People who feel treated unfairly usually do not direct their anger only towards the perpetrator.
Public health should be part of Canada's missing and murdered Aboriginal women inquiry
Public health should be involved in Canada's national inquiry into missing and murdered aboriginal women, because many factors underlying family and interpersonal violence are linked to mental health issues, substance abuse, low income and other public health issues, urges an editorial in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
Developmental psychology: Friendship wins out over fairness
When children decide to share, the giver's relationships with the pool of recipients determine who gets how much.
Life or illusion? Avoiding 'false positives' in the search for living worlds
Is it life, or merely the illusion of life? Research from the University of Washington-based Virtual Planetary Laboratory published Feb.
Invasive water frogs too dominant for native species
In the past two decades, water frogs have spread rapidly in Central Europe.
Training needed to increase physician comfort level with transgender patients
George Washington University (GW) Researcher Michael S. Irwig, M.D. published a first-of-its-kind survey assessing the attitudes and practice patterns of transgender care by endocrinologists, who often treat transgender patients with hormone therapy.
The Lancet: Zika virus might cause Guillain-Barré syndrome, according to new evidence from French Polynesia
Analysis of blood samples from 42 patients diagnosed with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) during the Zika virus outbreak in French Polynesia provides the first evidence that Zika virus might cause GBS, a severe neurological disorder, according to new research published in The Lancet today.
Cancer patients with limited finances are more likely to have increased symptoms and poorer quality
If you're a lung or colorectal cancer patient, what's in your wallet could determine your level of suffering and quality of life during treatment, according to a new study by Dana Farber Cancer Institute researchers.
Lung-MAP precision medicine trial makes exciting changes
The team behind the Lung Cancer Master Protocol (Lung-MAP), a groundbreaking clinical trial for patients with advanced squamous cell lung cancer, is announcing exciting new changes and enrolling more patients as it adapts to the latest science and treatments.
Chronic conditions rise in older people
The number of older people in England living with more than one chronic condition could have risen by 10 percent in the last decade putting increasing pressure on the NHS, new research has suggested.
How useful are microsatellites?
Microsatellites are a key tool for researchers working to understand the genetic diversity and evolutionary dynamics of organisms.
The sponges strike back
Russian biologists studied how the separated sells of marine sponges reconnect.
Nanotechnology delivery system offers new approach to skin disease therapies
Researchers at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a nanotechnology-based delivery system containing a protective cellular pathway inducer that activates the body's natural defense against free radicals efficiently, a development that could control a variety of skin pathologies and disorders.
Survey: Americans would pay more to support biodiversity
Most Americans are willing to pay more taxes each year -- in some cases, as much as $35 to $100 more -- to support biodiversity conservation in the Gulf of Mexico, according to a national survey.
Snoring in children can affect their health
Children commonly snore from time to time and that is often harmless.
In grasslands, longer spring growing season offsets higher summer temperatures
Grasslands across North America will face higher summer temperatures and widespread drought by the end of the century, according to a new study.
Sleep loss boosts hunger and unhealthy food choices
Cutting back on sleep boosts levels of a chemical signal that can enhance the pleasure of eating snack foods and increase caloric intake.
Sexual health communication between Asian-American adolescents and health-care providers
Health care providers play an important role in providing accurate information to adolescents about sexual health issues, including prevention of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections.
Is anti-TNF therapy safe for inflammatory bowel disease patients with prior cancer?
A previous history of cancer doesn't necessarily preclude treatment with antibodies against tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) for patients with inflammatory bowel diseases, suggests a study in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, official journal of the Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America.
NIH awards Georgia State biologist $1.37 million to fight obesity
A Georgia State University biologist has received a four-year, $1.37 million grant from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, a division of the National Institutes of Health, to identify a novel therapeutic target in obesity.
Brain boost: ONR Global sponsors research to improve memory through electricity
In a breakthrough study that could improve how people learn and retain information, researchers at the Catholic University Medical School in Rome significantly boosted the memory and mental performance of laboratory mice through electrical stimulation.
Autoimmune diseases gonna be defeated
An international team of scientists led by the Lomonosov Moscow State University group made a significant step in creating a new type of drug for treatment of autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn's diseaase.
E-cigarettes are estimated to have helped 16,000-22,000 smokers in England to quit in 2014
Researchers from University College London estimate that use of e-cigarettes produced 16K-22K additional long-term quitters in England in 2014.
Subcutaneous insulin therapy fails to protect against oxidative stress and inflammation
Today, the gold standard for insulin therapy is the subcutaneous injection of insulin (CSII), despite a non-physiological route of administration with suboptimal glycemic control showed in some patients.
Many prostate cancer patients saved from unnecessary treatments and side effects
A new study from The Ottawa Hospital and the University of Ottawa shows that men with slow-growing prostate cancer are increasingly avoiding unnecessary and potentially harmful treatment in favor of an approach called active surveillance -- monitoring the cancer with regular tests and treating it only if it changes to a higher risk form.
When less is more
Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), once commonly used as a cleaning agent, is an ozone-depleting chemical.
Why the 'Johnny Depp Effect' doesn't always work
New psychology research from the University of Otago, Warwick Business School, and University of California, San Diego, is helping explain why male faces with feminine features are considered attractive in some contexts but not others.
CCNY researchers introduce new route to thermal measurements with nanometer resolution
Understanding nanoscale heat flow is critical in the design of integrated electronic devices and in the development of materials for thermal insulation and thermoelectric energy recovery.

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