Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 01, 2016
Donor organ recovery at standalone facility increases suitable organs for transplant
Transplant surgeons report that obtaining organs from deceased organ donors costs much less and leads to a higher number of transplantable organs recovered when brain-dead donors are moved from the hospital to an independent, freestanding facility dedicated to organ recovery.

Combination injection improves glucose control for patients with type 2 diabetes
A multinational clinical trial led by UT Southwestern Medical Center and others found that injection of a new long-acting insulin combined with another drug improves glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes and, additionally, is associated with weight loss.

Physicists get a perfect material for air filters
A research team from the Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics of the Russian Academy of Sciences have synthesized the material that is perfect for protection of respiratory organs, analytical research and other practical purposes.

The evolution of amyloid toxicity in Alzheimer's
Outsized human suffering is linked to 'amyloid beta,' an otherwise tiny, innocuous-looking protein molecule, as it is suspected to be a key player in neurodegenerative mechanisms underlying Alzheimer's disease.

Bonnie J. Addario Lung Cancer Foundation and IASLC announce joint award
The Bonnie J. Addario Lung Cancer Foundation and the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer today announced the first ever $300,000 ALCF-IASLC Joint International Fellowship Award for The Early Detection of Lung Cancer to Robin Mjelle, PhD, researcher at the Department of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU).

New discovery opens doors to manipulating fat production in the body
Move over diet and exercise, a new weight control method is in the works and it involves manipulating the production of fat cells at their source.

Celestial bodies born like cracking paint
Researchers have explained why objects in the universe come in a wide variety of sizes, from the largest stars to the smallest asteroids -- and it has a lot to do with how paint cracks when it dries.

Ethnic minority women more likely to believe that cancer is deadly and down to fate
Women from ethnic minorities in the UK are more likely to believe that cancer is incurable and is down to fate than their white counterparts, according to a Cancer Research UK study published in the British Journal of Cancer today.

Surgery, anesthesia not linked to long-term cognitive impairment in older adults
New research suggests older patients should not feel reluctant to have quality of life enhancing surgeries due to concerns that undergoing anesthesia may boost their risk of developing cognitive issues.

Bees 'dumb down' after ingesting tiny doses of the pesticide chlorpyrifos
Honeybees suffer severe learning and memory deficits after ingesting very small doses of the pesticide chlorpyrifos, potentially threatening their success and survival, new research from New Zealand's University of Otago suggests.

New coronal mass ejection simulations hold promise for future of space weather forecasting
Researchers at Nagoya University and the National Institute of Polar Research, Japan, successfully profiled passage of a magnetic cloud within a mass ejection event from the Sun.

Campuses need safety planning to protect abuse victims, study finds
With up to half of college students experiencing abuse by an intimate partner at least once during their college careers, safety planning should be added to prevention and education programs in higher education, according to a research brief by the Crime Victims' Institute.

Minister announces £204 million investment in doctoral training and Quantum Technologies science
Universities and Science minister Jo Johnson has announced two major investments in science and engineering research totaling £204 million.

Predetermined breaking point in the amniotic sac
A team of researchers at the University of Cologne has for the first time succeeded in observing the amniotic sac in insects.

Warwick shares in £167 million investment in engineering, technology & science PhDs
The University of Warwick is to receive almost £5 million funding to support the next generation of engineering, technology & science researchers.

Intense competition for reproduction results in violent mass evictions
Intense levels of reproductive competition trigger violent evictions of male and female banded mongooses from their family groups, University of Exeter researchers have found.

Regulating neuronal membrane lipids could be the key to Alzheimer's and Parkinson's
Using latest-generation molecular simulations researchers have demonstrated that a decrease in polyunsaturated lipids in neuronal membranes, as seen in Parkinson's and Alzheimer's sufferers, directly affects the binding rate of dopamine and adenosine receptors.

FASEB releases funding recommendations
The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) released funding recommendations for five of the nation's research agencies for fiscal year (FY) 2017.

Kavli Lectures: Computers for drug discovery, clean energy
Harnessing the power of computers to find new medicines and to explore the viability of alternative clean energy strategies will be the topics of a pair of Kavli Lectures at the 251st National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.

Physician empathy a key driver of patient satisfaction
A study presented today at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, links patient-perceived physician empathy with improved outcomes and medical care satisfaction.

Identity unearthed
A paper co-authored by a UCSB anthropologist details how excavations in Sudan reveal the transformation Egyptian and Nubian culture.

Sponge structure key to mopping up oil spills
An interconnected structure, which water can easily flow through, is key to creating a highly effective mechanical sponge for clearing oil spills.

Physicians with highly educated spouse less likely to work in rural underserved areas
In a study appearing in the March 1, 2016 issue of JAMA, Douglas O.

Severe anemia linked to risk for intestinal disease in premature infants
A study has found that severe anemia, but not red blood cell transfusions, is associated with an increased risk for a potentially fatal intestinal condition in premature infants.

An Ebola virus-encoded microRNA-like fragment serves as a biomarker for early diagnosis
In a new study, Chen-Yu Zhang's group at Nanjing University collaborate with Ze-liang Chen's group at academy of Military Medical Sciences report that an Ebola virus-encoded microRNA-like fragment serves as a biomarker for early diagnosis.

Less connectivity improves innovation
Connectivity does not always lead to more complex technology. An individual's propensity to learn from successful cultural models -- a common strategy that allows us to copy efficient solutions from others -- reduces the diversity of solutions.

Aflibercept in myopic choroidal neovascularization: Added benefit not proven
The drug manufacturer presented no relevant study data for the new therapeutic indication and also claimed no added benefit.

Does your financial adviser specialize in misconduct?
In the first large-scale study documenting the economy-wide extent of misconduct among financial advisers and financial advisory firms in the United States, researchers at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business find that most financial advisers who engage in misconduct get to keep their jobs -- or are quickly rehired by another firm in the industry.

Pregnancy vitamin D supplementation may help winter baby's bones
Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy may lead to stronger bones in babies born during the winter months, a new Southampton study has shown.

Increasing sustainable food production could empower Cambodian women
A team of researchers, led by scientists in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences, will launch a project designed to improve nutrition and empower women in Cambodia by promoting their production and marketing of horticultural crops and rice produced via sustainable intensification practices.

Why does stepping on a LEGO hurt so much? (video)
The sensation may be all too familiar -- the intense, sharp pain in your foot caused by an unassuming LEGO brick.

New formula can predict professional football players' long-term concussion damages
Amid the heightened awareness of concussion-related brain damage among professional football players, a new study reports that researchers can predict cognitive outcomes long after the players have retired.

Internet domain space overcrowded and stifling demand, suggesting a future 'not-com' boom
New research suggests that a lack of remaining domain names with easy to remember -- and consequently valuable -- word combinations is restricting Internet growth, with an untapped demand of as much as 25 percent of all current domains being held back.

Was author of famed 'Gray's Anatomy' textbook a plagiarist?
A new survey of historical evidence demonstrates that Henry Gray plagiarized parts of the first edition of his book, 'Gray's Anatomy,' the famed textbook of human anatomy that was initially published in 1858 and is currently in its 41st edition.

Why celestial bodies come in different sizes
Our solar system contains one massive object -- the sun -- and many smaller planets and asteroids.

Lifetime breakthrough promising for low-cost and efficient OLED displays and lights
Researchers at Kyushu University demonstrated a new and simple modification with the potential to improve the lifetime of organic light-emitting diodes in displays and lighting using both typical emitting materials and future ones with increased efficiency at a lower cost.

Severe anemia linked with risk of serious intestinal disorder among VLBW infants
Ravi M. Patel, M.D., M.Sc., of the Emory University School of Medicine & Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, and colleagues examined whether red blood cell transfusion and severe anemia were associated with the rate of necrotizing enterocolitis (an acute, life-threatening, inflammatory disease occurring in the intestines of premature infants) among very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants.

Moments of acute stress can cause molecular alterations in immune response
Chronic psychosocial and emotional stress has well-documented negative effects upon the human immune system but less is known about the health effects of acute but transitory episodes of stress.

NSF grant to help researcher with manufacture of ultra-thin precision parts
Kansas State University's Shuting Lei has received a National Science Foundation Manufacturing Machines and Equipment grant for his work on machining precision parts.

Social amoeba cast wide, lethal DNA nets to kill invading bacteria
When confronted with invading bacteria, cells within the multicellular slug stage of the social amoeba immediately seek to kill them, casting extracellular traps made of DNA nets studded with antimicrobial granules.

Screening for impaired vision in older adults
The US Preventive Services Task Force has concluded that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for impaired visual acuity (clearness of vision) in adults age 65 years or older.

Low vitamin D predicts aggressive prostate cancer
A new study provides a major link between low levels of vitamin D and aggressive prostate cancer.

Studies explain adolescents' vulnerability to addictive drugs
Researchers have discovered one reason why adolescents are more prone to drug addiction than adults, with findings that could lead to new treatments for addictive disorders.

Researchers ID risk factors that predict violence in adults with mental illness
Researchers have identified three risk factors that make adults with mental illness more likely to engage in violent behavior.

New biomarker identifies uveal melanoma patients at high risk for metastasis
A study by J. William Harbour, M.D., associate director for Basic Research and leader of the Eye Cancer Site Disease Group at Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, and colleagues published today in Clinical Cancer Research details the discovery of a biomarker that puts patients at a higher risk for metastasis of uveal melanoma.

New research helps solve the riddle of the ocean carbon conundrum
Initially, the fact that the oceans are absorbing a significant amount of the carbon dioxide we pump into the atmosphere by burning biomass and fossil fuels would appear to be a good thing.

Vitamin D supplements in pregnancy do not improve bone health
Taking vitamin D supplements during pregnancy, as recommended for all women under UK guidelines, has no significant effect on the bone density of babies, according to the first randomised controlled trial of its kind, published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology journal.

No more headache after watching movies
The Lomonosov Moscow State University scientists developed software able to minimize the time of 3-D movies technical control.

Signposts to the muscles
A protein complex, whose function had previously been virtually unknown, appears to act as a guide to growing nerve cells, ensuring they reach their intended destinations.

DNA as a weapon of immune defense
Our innate immune system uses two mechanisms. The first kills foreign bodies within the phagocyte itself.

EARTH: Urban geology
More than half of the total human population on Earth lives in urban areas, where, like rural areas, geology affects us every day.

Successful precision medicine will require more accurate genome sequencing
Large areas of medically important genes fall within troublesome regions of the human genome, where it is currently difficult to obtain accurate sequence information, according to research published in the open access journal Genome Medicine.

A new way to stretch DNA
Researchers have recently developed a new way to controllably manipulate materials, in this case biomolecules that are too small to see with the naked eye.

Youngest and oldest patients more likely to report pain, lower activity levels following
While all age groups report comparable improvement in range of motion following total knee replacement surgery, new research presented today at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons found that patients age 45 and younger, and those age 75 and older, report more pain and less activity following the procedure.

Belgium's Red Electrical Devils win $1 million for innovative inverter design
Google and IEEE announced today that Belgium's Red Electrical Devils, a team from CE+T Power, has won the Little Box Challenge, a competition to invent a much smaller inverter for interconnecting solar power systems to the power grid.

Pharmaceutical company performance improves when innovation and execution align
A study measuring the impact of pharmaceutical commercial operations on company performance finds that strategic investment in commercial innovation linked with an aligned and responsive culture of execution can produce positive results.

Improving biorefineries with bubbles
A team of researchers from Japan's Tohoku University has developed a new method for the pretreatment of organic material, or 'biomass', which could lead to more efficient production of biofuels and biochemicals.

Using old drugs to treat new viruses
A group of drugs already in everyday use to treat psychosis or depression may also be used to defeat deadly and emerging viruses, according to new research led by the University of Leeds.

Argonne and Los Alamos National Laboratories develop more affordable fuel cell components
Researchers at the US Department of Energy's Argonne and Los Alamos national laboratories have teamed up to support a DOE initiative through the creation of the Electrocatalysis Consortium, a collaboration devoted to finding an effective but cheaper alternative to platinum in hydrogen fuel cells.

NIEHS funds five early career researchers for innovative science
Five exceptional early career scientists will receive new grants from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), part of the National Institutes of Health.

Emergency departments face considerable costs related to long-term urinary catheters
Problems with long-term urinary catheters create a considerable demand on emergency departments and are very costly to health-care systems, according to a new study from South East London.

NASA finds drought in Eastern Mediterranean worst of past 900 years
A new NASA study finds that the recent drought that began in 1998 in the eastern Mediterranean Levant region, which comprises Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, and Turkey, is likely the worst drought of the past nine centuries.

Journal of Dairy Science offers collection on tail docking
As a service to all those who work with dairy cattle, the Journal of Dairy Science, the official journal of the American Dairy Science Association, has compiled a set of articles on the science of tail docking.

Suicide re-attempt risk substantially reduced after a novel psychiatric intervention
A low-cost, alliance-based psychiatric intervention for emergency department patients admitted after a suicide attempt substantially reduced suicide re-attempt in a single-site randomized controlled trial published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Protein revealed as glue that holds biomolecules within the nucleolus
Research led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital has advanced understanding of how the nucleolus is assembled through a process called liquid-liquid phase separation and has identified a protein that plays key role

Cholera-like disease 'piggybacking' on El Niño to reach new shores
New research published in Nature Microbiology suggests waterborne diseases are being spread by El Niño.

Better targeting of treatment gives hope to people with severe asthma
A new study brings hope to severe allergic asthma patients by investigating whether the drug Omalizumab can be better targeted.

From Molecular Case Studies: Novel gene variants identified in male breast cancer
Male breast cancer (MBC) is a very rare tumor type, occurring in just 1 percent of all breast cancer cases, and the underlying genetic causes and treatment of MBC is not well understood.

Early MRI screening reduces risk of breast cancer death for survivors of childhood HL
Researchers at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre have confirmed in a screening effectiveness study that early screening with MRIs can reduce breast cancer mortality for female survivors of childhood Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) who received chest radiation.

The special theory of relativity has been disproved theoretically
The paper finds that the time of STR is no longer the physical time measured with clocks; our physical time is an invariant of Lorentz Transformation, absolute and universal; the speed of light measured with clocks still follows Newton's velocity addition formula; the time dilation and length contraction of a moving inertial reference frame observed on the stationary inertial reference frame are just illusions.

Wayne State to evaluate possible link between Flint water system and health problems
Wayne State University announced today that it has formed the Flint Area Community Health and Environment Partnership.

Link between sleep and social participation may be key to healthy aging
Sleep may be one of the most important factors for well-being; yet, according to the CDC, one in three adults does not get enough.

Hey boss: Workers prefer consistent jerk to loose cannon
Is your boss always a jerk? You still may be better off than those workers whose supervisor is courteous one moment and rude the next.

Air pollution linked to higher risk of preterm birth for mothers with asthma
Pregnant women with asthma may be at greater risk of preterm birth when exposed to high levels of certain traffic-related air pollutants, according to a study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health and other institutions.

Drug halves risk of intestinal paralysis after abdominal surgery
Recovery from abdominal surgery is often slowed by a temporary paralysis of the intestines known as ileus, but in a recent phase II clinical trial, prucalopride -- a drug that stimulates motility -- cut the risk of ileus lasting for more than 5 days in half.

Hospitalization of patients with myelomeningocele in the 21st century
A neural tube defect, myelomeningocele affects many systems in the human body and requires multidisciplinary medical care to ensure optimal function and quality of life as well as survival of the patient.

Brain connectivity disruptions may explain cognitive deficits in people with brain injury
Cognitive impairment following a traumatic brain injury (TBI) is common, often adversely affecting quality of life for those 1.7 million Americans who experience a TBI each year.

OLED displays and solid-state lightings in mass production, coming soon
A team led by Prof. Tae-Woo Lee (Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering) at POSTECH have fabricated highly-efficient, solution-processed fluorescence organic light-emitting diodes using pure-organic thermally-activated delayed-fluorescence emitters.

Neutrophils 'vacuum' microbes away from the brain
Researchers from the University of Maryland, College Park, and Nanjing Medical University, China, have discovered a new way that white blood cells (neutrophils) defend our brains from infection -- they move the microbes from our brains' blood vessels or vasculature so they can be disposed elsewhere instead of just killing them at the site of infection.

Whole-exome sequencing: A rational approach for 'diagnostic odyssey' patients
A new clinical study from the Mayo Clinic Center for Individualized Medicine shows that whole-exome sequencing (WES) could serve as a viable diagnostic approach for identifying rare inherited diseases and providing a resolution for patients on a diagnostic odyssey.

Renter beware: Study finds Craigslist catches barely half of scam rental listings
A new study of listings in 20 metropolitan areas finds that Craigslist fails to identify more than half of scam rental listings on the site's pages and that suspicious postings often linger for as long as 20 hours before being removed -- more than enough time to snare victims, especially in competitive housing markets.

From backyard pool chemical to nanomaterial
A molecule used to disinfect water could be key to building a new kind of DNA structure.

Experts assess the impact of climate change on public health
In a review published in the Annals of Global Health, doctors warn of the impending public health crisis brought on by climate change and call for action to help prepare the world for what is ahead.

Project with ground-breaking sub-marine CCS experiment starts today
The world's first 'real world' deep-water controlled experiment to simulate an emission from a submerged carbon dioxide storage reservoir aims to further verify the safety of offshore carbon dioxide capture and storage.

Nuanced findings for a large experimental treatment trial for Ebola virus disease
While not conclusive, valuable research generated through researching an experimental treatment for Ebola virus disease in Guinea during the recent Ebola outbreak will support future research into treating Ebola virus disease, according to Prof.

Can't sleep? Street lights may be keeping you awake
If your neighborhood is well-lit at night, you may not be sleeping well, according to a study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 68th Annual Meeting in Vancouver, Canada, April 15 to 21, 2016.

H. pylori infection may reduce risk of allergic esophageal condition
New research suggests that Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection of the stomach, which occurs in about half of the world's population and can cause peptic ulcers and stomach cancer in minority of cases, may help protect against an allergic disorder of the esophagus condition called eosinophilic esophagitis.

Screening test for chronic fatigue syndrome on its way
Ground-breaking research at Griffith University into chronic fatigue syndrome is leading the way for the development of a new screening tool for the condition.

Study calls into question current MERS vaccine strategy
A new study suggests that the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) develops mutations that make the virus less virulent during an outbreak rather than more virulent.

Study: TXA safe and effective to reduce blood loss in joint replacement surgery
Blood loss and the need for a blood transfusion are major concerns in joint replacement surgery, but a new use for an old drug is proving effective in reducing blood loss and transfusion rates, according to a study at Hospital for Special Surgery.

New method to stop Argentine ants
University of California, Riverside researchers may have found a better, more environmentally friendly way to stop the procession of Argentine ants, which have been spreading across the United States for the past few decades, despite pest control efforts.

New book explores grand riddles of human language
A new book by Noam Chomsky and Robert Berwick explores how people acquired unique language skills.

Twin study: Genetics and environment affect different regions of the brain
A recent study, reported in the March issue of 'The Journal of Nuclear Medicine,' found evidence that genetic influence on cerebral glucose metabolism played a major role in the bilateral parietal lobes and the left temporal lobe of the human brain, while environmental influences after birth dominated in other regions.

Link between ADHD and academic expectations identified by University of Miami researchers
A new study led by Jeffrey P. Brosco, M.D., Ph.D., professor of clinical pediatrics at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, has identified a possible correlation between the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and increasing academic demands on young children.

U-M's Lee: Current vision screening recommendations for older adults have merit
Paul Lee's JAMA editorial highlights the strengths of the US Preventive Services Task Force's methods while acknowledging some difficulties in carrying out the recommendations of the task force and the possible implications of ongoing change in the care delivery system.

Policies to lower prices on fruits and vegetables may help save thousands of lives
Price reductions and media campaigns aimed at boosting fruit and vegetable intake would be effective tools to reduce US deaths from cardiovascular disease.

Depression is more than a mental disorder: It affects the whole organism
This work could explain the significant association that depression has with cardiovascular diseases and cancer, and why people with depression die younger.

NASA Goddard network maintains communications from space to ground
Spending nearly a year in space, 249 miles from Earth, could be a lonely prospect, but an office at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., made sure astronaut Scott Kelly could reach home for the entire 340-day duration of his mission.

Photoshop filters for safer bridges
Thanks to the work done by EPFL's Group for Fibre Optics, distributed optical fiber sensors can get much more precise than they are now -- allowing a 1 cm resolution on 10 km of fiber.

State laws boost flu vaccination rates in health care workers
State laws mandating influenza immunization for people who work in health care increase their vaccination rates, according to new research led by the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Effectiveness of insulin regimens for patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes
In a study appearing in the March 1, 2016 issue of JAMA, John B.

Long-term stress erodes memory
Sustained stress -- such as that experienced in bad marriages or when working for a beastly boss -- erodes memory, and the immune system plays a key role, according to a new study from researchers at The Ohio State University.

NREL analysis finds tax credit extensions can impact renewable energy deployment and electric sector
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory today released new analysis exploring the potential impact of recently extended federal tax credits on the deployment of renewable generation technologies and related US electric sector carbon dioxide emissions.

DTC genetic tests create conundrum for physicians, unrealistic expectations for patients
Direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic testing may create unrealistic expectations for patients and a conundrum for physicians who largely feel unprepared to discuss test results.

Few answers in understanding death from epilepsy
To increase understanding of mortality in epilepsy, including SUDEP, Partners Against Mortality in Epilepsy (PAME) unites physicians, scientists, health care professionals, people with epilepsy, caregivers and bereaved family members for a unique conference that facilitates collaboration and spurs action.

New national study finds Crohn's disease diagnosis difficult to obtain and life altering
In a new national survey of Crohn's disease patients, Health Union reveals that it was not uncommon for patients to see multiple health-care professionals, have numerous office visits, and endure multiple diagnostic tests before receiving a diagnosis.

Beta blockers may lead to new novel triple negative breast cancer treatments
New research published in the March 2016 issue of The FASEB Journal, shows that a commonly prescribed class of high blood pressure drugs may have the potential to slow the growth of triple negative breast cancer tumors.

Voice-driven games: Dialog Box supports collaborative gaming in multilingual environment
Language technologists have created the basis for a new kind of realistic communication in computer games.

Penguin brains not changed by loss of flight
Losing the ability to fly gave ancient penguins their unique locomotion style.

Researchers' new advance in quest for second generation biofuels
Scientists at the University of York are part of an international research team that has made a significant step forward in understanding the processes naturally occurring enzymes use to degrade microbe-resistant biomass, a key aim in the development of biofuels.

Increases in state and local spending could decrease mortality rates, researcher finds
Northeastern University associate professor Daniel Kim used rigorous statistical methods from the field of economics to show how small increases in social spending on welfare and education can reduce the risk of dying.

Quantitative assessment of dynamic deformability and adhesion of red blood cells possible
Microfluidic platform developed for measurement of deformability and adhesion in physiological flow conditions from whole sickle cell disease patient blood samples.

They work for stores and airlines -- could customer loyalty programs work in health care too?
When you buy a cup of coffee, an airline ticket or a tank of gas these days, you probably pull out a customer loyalty card without even thinking about it.

Zika virus medical countermeasures, challenges and opportunities
The Zika virus epidemic was not anticipated, and the world was not prepared.

Drinking more water associated with numerous dietary benefits, study finds
University of Illinois professor Ruopeng An led a study that examined the dietary habits of more than 18,300 US adults, and found the majority of people who increased their consumption of plain water by 1 percent reduced their total daily calorie intake as well as their consumption of saturated fat, sugar, sodium and cholesterol.

Study shows high patient satisfaction with telemedicine-based care of sleep apnea
A new study suggests that telemedicine-based management for obstructive sleep apnea is as effective and may be comparable to in-person care.

Better biopsies through biofluidics
Biopsies are a gold standard for definitively diagnosing diseases like cancer.

Around a third of workers fear for jobs and pay, research says
The scale of workers' insecurity since the economic crisis is revealed in research showing that 32 percent believed that there was a risk of losing their jobs and 38 percent were anxious that their pay would be cut.

New climate study argues for carbon fee
A new study reports that current rising temperatures already noticeably load the 'climate dice,' with growing practical impacts.

Discrete Analysis aims to disrupt for-profit academic journal publishers
World-renowned mathematician Sir Timothy Gowers and a team of distinguished colleagues are taking on the broken academic journal publishing model with today's launch of game-changing open-access journal Discrete Analysis.

Local environmental knowledge helps indigenous societies to adapt
A study by ICTA Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona funded by the European Research Council shows that in indigenous societies individuals with greater local environmental knowledge catch more game and enjoy better health.

We Robot 2016 April 1-2 at University of Miami School of Law
Would RoboCops eliminate racial bias or reflect the systemic nature of racism?

NREL collaboration boosts potential for CdTe solar cells
A critical milestone has been reached in cadmium telluride (CdTe) solar cell technology, helping pave the way for solar energy to directly compete with electricity generated by conventional energy sources.

Study highlights need for better characterized genomes for clinical sequencing
Challenges in benchmarking difficult, but clinically important regions of the genome are reported in today's issue of Genome Medicine.

Trinity immunologists find new ways to beat the 'bad guys'
One of the key components in a vaccine is an adjuvant, which serves to enhance our body's immune response to vaccination.

Researchers uncover expansion of lone star ticks in Kansas
Kansas State University researchers have found habitats suitable for lone star tick populations in Kansas are growing.

What if extraterrestrial observers called, but nobody heard?
Researchers say the best chance for finding a signal from beyond Earth is to presume extraterrestrial observers are using the same methods to search for us that we are using to search for life beyond Earth.

Cardiovascular risk profile linked to profession in older workers
Among US workers age 45 and older, some jobs appear riskier to cardiovascular health than others.

PNAS announces 6 2015 Cozzarelli Prize recipients
The Editorial Board of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) has selected six papers published by PNAS in 2015 to receive the Cozzarelli Prize.

Americans who see God as 'a secure base' tend to be more committed, satisfied on the job
People who see God as a 'secure base' for intimacy and attachment are more likely to be emotionally committed to their workplace and satisfied with their jobs.

Imaging shows impact of PTSD in earthquake survivors
MRI shows surprising differences in brain structure among adult earthquake survivors with and without post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), according to a new study.

Mapping the unknown: What is the function of non-coding RNA in plants?
Non-coding RNA could play an important role in plants' ability to cope with temperature changes and be the key to developing for example cold resistant crops.

Surrey's £3m grant puts the UK in pole position in the race to quantum technologies
A new £3 million grant announced today by Universities and Science minister Jo Johnson has been awarded to the University of Surrey to provide the answer to the challenge of enabling solid state quantum technologies, leading to quantum computers.

Is conservation aid preventing deforestation?
International conservation aid may lead to more deforestation in sub-Saharan African countries.

The first principle study of electronic and optical properties in rhombohedral BiAlO3
In summary, the authors demonstrated that bandstructure calculation with the band gap of 3.38 eV is in close comparison to the previous literature with the energy gap of 2.708 eV.

The overlooked commotion of particle motion in the ocean
In response, researchers from the universities of Exeter, Bristol and Leiden and CEFAS have developed a user-friendly introduction to particle motion, explaining how and when it ought to be measured, and provide open-access analytical tools to maximize its uptake.

Moffitt's Dr. Said Sebti receives NCI Outstanding Investigator Award
Said M. Sebti, Ph.D., chair of the Drug Discovery Department and co-leader of the Chemical Biology and Molecular Medicine Program at Moffitt Cancer Center, has been awarded an Outstanding Investigator Award from the National Cancer Institute.

Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine in Asia-Pacific, the same but different
Regulation of the emerging areas of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine is one of the key barriers to commercial and clinical success of TERM globally.

Children's Hospital Colorado experts publish article on the 2014 enterovirus D68 outbreak
From August to September 2014, a nationwide outbreak of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) left resources constrained for Children's Hospital Colorado (Children's Colorado) and pediatric organizations throughout the nation.

High-carbon coal products could derail China's clean energy efforts
China's plan to ramp up production of new chemicals and synthetic fuels made from coal could derail recent efforts to lower its carbon dioxide emissions and instead lock the Chinese government into high-carbon investments for years to come, a new Duke University study finds.

Engineered hydrogel scaffolds enable growth of functioning human breast tissue
Whitehead Institute researchers have created a hydrogel scaffold that replicates the environment found within the human breast.

An integrated evaluation framework for water storage strategies in Sub-Sahara Africa
Direct abstraction of water from rivers through ponds and pumping devices seems the most attractive water storage option in Ethiopia.

Extinct otter-like 'marine bear' might have had a bite like a saber-toothed cat
New research suggests that the feeding strategy of Kolponomos, an enigmatic shell-crushing marine predator that lived about 20 million years ago, was strangely similar to a very different kind of carnivore: the saber-toothed cat Smilodon.

More than half of lawn mower injuries to children require an amputation
A study presented today at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons found that an alarming number of serious injuries still occur, with 53 percent of injured children requiring an amputation.

A 10 percent price change could prevent heart disease and death
Decreasing the price of fruits, vegetables and grains by 10 percent, while increasing the price of sugary drinks by 10 percent, could prevent 515,000 deaths from cardiovascular disease over 20 years.

First gene for grey hair found
The first gene identified for greying hair has been discovered by an international UCL-led study, confirming greying has a genetic component and is not just environmental.

What you know can affect how you see
Objects -- everything from cars, birds and faces to letters of the alphabet -- look significantly different to people familiar with them, a new study suggests.

One in two Americans have a musculoskeletal condition
An estimated 126.6 million Americans (one in two adults) are affected by a musculoskeletal condition -- comparable to the total percentage of Americans living with a chronic lung or heart condition -- costing an estimated $213 billion in annual treatment, care and lost wages, according to a new report issued today by the United States Bone and Joint Initiative (USBJI).

Ridgeview Classical Charter Schools wins 26th Colorado Science Bowl
Students from Ridgeview Classical Charter Schools won the Colorado High School Science Bowl.

Family support buffers the physiological effects of racial discrimination
African American adolescents who experience high levels of racial discrimination show cellular wear and tear, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

New basal bird from China reveals the morphological diversity in early birds
A new species, Chongmingia zhengi, reported in the journal of Scientific Reports on Jan.

From Molecular Case Studies: Novel syndrome resulting from multiple genomic lesions
Although genomic testing can be useful for clinical diagnosis, most patients have no obvious genomic changes despite a strong indication of a genetic condition. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to