Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 02, 2016
STARS4ALL, a platform to stimulate the European conscience about defending dark skies
STARS4ALL, a European Union project which started at the end of 2015 -- The International Year of Light -- will bring together for the first time groups related to information technology, social science, economics, astronomy and ecology, to create self-sustaining initiatives related to light pollution.

Water-skiing beetles get a bumpy ride
When a waterlily beetle (Galerucella nymphaeae) vanishes from the surface of a pond, it hasn't just disappeared; it's gone water-skiing at high speed -- 0.5m/s, equivalent to a human traveling at around 500km/h.

Vitamin D deficiency contributes to spread of breast cancer in mice, Stanford study finds
Breast tumors in laboratory mice deficient in vitamin D grow faster and are more likely to metastasize than tumors in mice with adequate levels of vitamin D, according to a preliminary study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Nanostructures used as biosensors allow diseases or allergens to be detected
The industrial engineer Iñaki Cornago-Santos has developed structures on a nanometric scale that can be used as biosensors for medical, food or environmental sectors to detect diseases, allergens or contaminants; or can be used to reduce the reflection of solar cells in order to increase their efficiency.

UCLA study finds inflated charges, significant variation in Medicare payment patterns
UCLA researchers found inflated charges and significant variation in patterns of payments for surgical care by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.

Processed meat may increase the risk of breast cancer for Latinas, USC study finds
Latinas who eat processed meats such as bacon and sausage may have an increased risk for breast cancer, according to a new study that did not find the same association among white women.

Production practices evaluated for organic trailing blackberry
Researchers evaluated the effects of various production practices on plant and soil nutrient status in a mature trailing blackberry organic production system.

Barbara Medoff-Cooper, Ph.D., selected for induction to International Nurse Researcher Hall of Fame
Barbara Medoff-Cooper, Ph.D., RN, FAAN, the Ruth M. Colket Professor in Pediatric Nursing in the Department of Family and Community Health at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing has been selected for induction to the International Nurse Researcher Hall of Fame by Sigma Theta Tau International.

Converting atmospheric carbon dioxide into batteries
Scientists from Vanderbilt and George Washington universities have worked out a way to make electric vehicles not just carbon neutral, but carbon negative by demonstrating how the graphite electrodes used in the lithium-ion batteries can be replaced with carbon recovered from the atmosphere.

Toward diagnosing diseases such as cancer in their earliest stages
Detecting diseases such as cancer in their earliest stages can make a huge difference in patient treatment, but it is often difficult to do.

New research identifies role of tiny bubbles in teeth cleaning
Research into the science behind ultrasonic scalers, used by dental professionals to remove built-up plaque, has identified that the formation of tiny bubbles around the head is key to the cleaning process.

How diet influences colon cancer
A study ties high-fat diet to changes in intestinal stem cells and may help explain increased cancer risk.

Cancer cells' evasive action revealed
Researchers identify a mechanism by which lung cancer cells evade the body's immune system.

McMaster University awarded more than $2.3 million for projects that grow economy
Seven McMaster researchers have been awarded more than $2.3 million from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council to work with industry to grow the economy and create jobs.

Research shows stem cell infusion could be effective for most common type of heart failure
Cardiac stem cells could be an effective treatment for a common but difficult-to-treat type of heart failure, a new study from the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute shows.

PET scans reveal key details of Alzheimer's protein growth in aging brains
Neuroscientists show for the first time that PET scans can track the progression of Alzheimer's disease.

Frankfurt conference on 'Migration and trauma -- effects on the next generation'
They have experienced terrible things: Bombing raids, death and abuse, an often perilous escape and a not always friendly reception in Germany.

Experts make progress towards optimizing diabetes care on a global scale
Diabetes is a significant global health problem, afflicting 382 million people worldwide with increasing prevalence rates and adverse effects on health, wellbeing, and society in general.

Study finds health disparity in treatment of thyroid goiters
Older patients, minorities, and male patients are more likely to develop substernal thyroid goiters that are difficult to remove surgically, putting them at risk for treatment complications and death, say researchers in the Jan.

How parents, romantic partners influence student spending
Romantic partners may be even more important than Mom and Dad in influencing college students' financial behaviors, according to a new paper based on the findings of an ongoing study based at the University of Arizona.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, March 2016
March 2016 story tips includes: 'Simulation results could lead to lower production costs for biofuels'; 'New app provides fuel economy information and more to buyers on the go'; 'ORNL supercomputer, SNS offer insight into disease'; and 'Advanced heat pump provides hot savings.'

Study: Hip replacement too soon after a steroid injection increases infection risk
The risk of developing an infection after surgery increased significantly in patients who had a hip replacement within three months of receiving a steroid injection to relieve hip pain, according researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery who reviewed thousands of patient records from California and Florida databases.

First 3-D structure of the enzymatic role of DNA
DNA does not always adopt the form of the double helix which is associated with the genetic code; it can also form intricate folds and act as an enzyme: a deoxyribozyme.

Targeted online ads can actually change how you view yourself
Online advertisements targeted specifically at you because of your behavior can actually change how you feel about yourself, a new study suggests.

How well did an instant blood pressure app work?
A blood pressure (BP) smartphone app delivered inaccurate results in a small study, which suggests more than three-quarters of individuals with hypertensive BP levels may be falsely reassured that their BP is in the nonhypertensive range, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Ruby red improves in the microwave oven
Researchers from India's CSIR - Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology have tested a new way to improve the colour, clarity and lustre of rubies: microwaves.

Syrian academics face danger, limited options
The Syrian civil war, which began in 2011, continues to result in death, destruction and displacement.

Old before your time: Study suggests that ageing begins in the womb
The process of ageing begins even before we are born, according to an international team of researchers led by the University of Cambridge.

Chronic kidney disease in cats -- Expert guidance on a quality of life issue
Chronic kidney disease is a common, complex and progressive disease that is estimated to affect more than a third of cats over 10 years of age.

Bad vibrations: UCI researchers find security breach in 3-D printing process
With findings that could have been taken from the pages of a spy novel, researchers at the University of California, Irvine have demonstrated that they can purloin intellectual property by recording and processing sounds emitted by a 3-D printer.

Breast cancer: The mental trauma of severe disease
According to a study led by Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich researchers, a majority of patients diagnosed with breast cancer go on to develop symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, and in most of these cases the symptoms persist for at least a year.

University of Missouri researchers receive $1.3 million NIH grant to study protein structure
Protein structure prediction is important, particularly in the medical community.

World's first 3-D-printed 'Sneezometer' will help asthma patients breathe easy
Research from the University of Surrey has led to the development of the world's first 'sneezometer,' an airflow sensor or 'spirometer' that is sensitive enough to measure the speed of a sneeze.

Chemical snapshot unveils path to greener biofuel
Chemists at the University of Copenhagen have taken a leap ahead in understanding enzymes used to crack open cellulose easing subsequent fermentation into alcohol.

Superman can start worrying -- we've got the formula for (almost) kryptonite!
Theoretical chemists from the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences have found how to synthesize the first binary compound of krypton and oxygen: a krypton oxide.

Some bacterial CRISPRs can snip RNA, too
Did you know the CRISPR/Cas9 system was derived from bacteria, which use it to fight off foreign invaders such as viruses?

Chikungunya could be misdiagnosed as dengue -- masking spread of the disease
Chikungunya, a viral disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes, could have been misdiagnosed as dengue because both have similar symptoms, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Infectious Diseases.

Hair forensics could yield false positives for cocaine use
Hair analysis has become standard practice for determining whether someone has abused illicit drugs.

New research clarifies how stem cells get activated to produce new hair
Stem cells residing in hair follicles are held in an inactive state for long periods of time.

Getting from here to there
Intelligent transportation systems enable people to make smart travel choices, whether it's selecting an alternate route to avoid a minor traffic backup or figuring out the safest evacuation path during a hurricane.

A new weapon in the fight against children's brain tumors developed at U-M
Children with brain cancer may soon get some help from mice with the same disease, thanks to a new brain tumor model in mice that should make it easier to test treatments.

Unique outpatient clinic prioritizes physician training and expeditious patient care
The constant tension between time-limited outpatient visits and the need to spend time training future health care providers can result in rushed patient encounters and suboptimal learning for the trainee.

Bundled payments improve care for Medicare patients undergoing joint replacement
Implementing bundled payments for total joint replacements resulted in year-over-year improvements in quality of care and patient outcomes while reducing overall costs, according to a new three-year study from NYU Langone Medical Center.

AIBS to convene expert panel on science of Zika, potential for genetic control
On March 15, 2016, the American Institute of Biological Sciences will convene a meeting of scientific experts to discuss the epidemiology of Zika, the potential for genetic control of the mosquito species that transmit it, and the ethical issues associated with the use of this new biotechnology.

Molecular body guards for neurons
In the brain, patterns of neural activity are perfectly balanced.

Temple researchers uncover novel mechanism behind aldosterone-induced heart damage
When the heart begins to fail, the body does everything in its power to fix the situation.

What happens to pharmaceuticals in the digestive system of a bird?
Scientists at the University of York have conducted new research into measuring how commonly-prescribed pharmaceuticals behave in the guts of starlings.

Hypothermia during surgery linked with increased risk for infection
A Henry Ford Hospital finds that hypothermia, a relatively common but unintentional occurrence during surgery, is associated with an increased risk for infection in patients who undergo surgery to repair a hip fracture.

Better way to treat abscesses: Add antibiotic to conventional approach
UCLA researchers appear to have found a better way to treat many skin abscesses in the emergency department.

Groundwater from coastal aquifers is a better source for desalination than seawater
Saline groundwater results from seawater intrusion into coastal aquifers, shifting the fresh-saline water interface upward and landward, and replaces fresh groundwater with saline groundwater.

Cosmologist Neil Turok wins 2016 Tate Medal for International Leadership in Physics
The American Institute of Physics (AIP) announced today that it has awarded its 2016 John Torrence Tate Award for International Leadership in Physics to South African theoretical physicist Neil Turok.

New method reveals high similarity between gorilla and human Y chromosome
A faster, less expensive method has been developed and used to learn the DNA sequence of the male-specific Y chromosome in the gorilla.

The world's first internally motorized minimally invasive surgical robotic system
To minimize surgical trauma and improve the safety of current robotic surgery, an innovative project to develop a novel surgical robotic system (NSRS) with haptic (tactile) feedback and capable of single incision or natural orifice (incision-less) robotic surgery has been developed.

New report finds 'surprising gaps' in knowledge of ovarian cancers
Ovarian cancer should not be categorized as a single disease, but rather as a constellation of different cancers involving the ovary, yet questions remain on how and where various ovarian cancers arise, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Agricultural fertilizer could pose risk to human fertility, sheep study finds
Eating meat from animals grazed on land treated with commonly used agricultural fertilizers might have serious implications for pregnant women and the future reproductive health of their unborn children, according to new research.

Researchers publish first empirical study on evolution of musical aptitude
Researchers publish first empirical study on evolution of musical aptitude.

As America's senior population grows, meeting to outline effective education about aging
The Association for Gerontology in Higher Education (AGHE) -- the educational branch of The Gerontological Society of America -- will hold its 42nd Annual Meeting and Educational Leadership Conference from March 3 to 6 at the Westin Long Beach Hotel in Long Beach, California.

ORNL researchers stack the odds for novel optoelectronic 2-D materials
Stacking layers of nanometer-thin semiconducting materials at different angles is a new approach to designing the next generation of energy-efficient transistors and solar cells.

Compound stems damage from brain bleeding
A compound that blocks iron-containing enzymes in the brain improves recovery following brain hemorrhage, a new study in rodents shows, and it works in an unexpected way.

Registration now open for IFT16 in Chicago
Registration is now open for IFT16: Where Science Feeds Innovation in Chicago, July 16-19 at McCormick Place.

UTA engineer earns NSF CAREER grant to develop safer lithium ion batteries
The National Science Foundation has awarded a five-year, $500,000 Faculty Early Career Development, or CAREER grant to Ankur Jain, an assistant professor in the Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, to develop a fundamental understanding of how heat flows in materials within a Li-ion battery so that those batteries can be used safely in more applications.

Why pharmaceutical firms may prefer to invest in drugs over vaccines
When it comes to addressing disease, many industry observers and public health advocates believe that pharmaceutical companies prefer to invest in drugs rather than vaccines, as preventives are perceived to be inherently less profitable.

Extreme tornado outbreaks have become more common, says study
Most death and destruction inflicted by tornadoes in North America occurs during outbreaks -- large-scale weather events that can last one to three days and span huge regions.

Clinical trial confirms safety of inducing mothers aged 35 and over to avoid stillbirth and other complications
A large clinical trial to assess the benefits or otherwise of inducing labor in pregnant women of 35 years or older has found there was no significant effect on the rate of cesarean sections and no adverse effect on the mother and newborn baby.

Nearly half of American children living near poverty line
Nearly half of children in the US live dangerously close to the poverty line, according to new research from the National Center for Children in Poverty.

Cancer treatment on a cellular level
The most common treatments for cancer are radiation and chemotherapy.

Overfishing increases fluctuations in aquatic ecosystems
Overfishing reduces fish populations and promotes smaller sizes in fish.

Mysterious cosmic radio bursts found to repeat
Astronomers for the first time have detected repeating short bursts of radio waves from an enigmatic source that is likely located well beyond the edge of our Milky Way galaxy.

Using graphene to fight bacteria
Scientists at the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore in Rome are studying graphene oxide in the hopes of one day creating bacteria-killing catheters and medical devices.

Sugar-power -- scientists harness the reducing potential of renewable sugars
Dr. Camp, who is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Chemical Sciences at the University's School of Applied Sciences, has been exploring sugar-powered catalysis for the last six years.

Platelet-rich plasma injections may lead to improvements in tissue healing
University of Alberta pilot study marks first time researchers have described structural change in the healing process as well as improvement in patients' pain and function.

Recoupling crops and livestock offers energy savings to Northeast dairy farmers
For Pennsylvania dairy farmers, producing feed grain on-farm requires significantly less energy than importing it from the Midwest, according to Penn State researchers whose findings may help dairy farmers save energy and money in the face of rising feed costs.

Drug combination slows breast cancer spread
A combination of two drugs delays progression of advanced, aggressive breast cancer by an average of nine months -- working in all subsets of the most common type of breast cancer.

Not-so-simple green
Two researchers from UCSB's Bren School examine the dark side of 'green' products.

Breeding birds use alligators to protect nests from raccoons, opossums
Breeding birds that nest above alligators for protection from mammalian predators may also provide a source of food for the alligators living in the Everglades, Florida, according to a study published March 2, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Lucas Nell from the University of Florida and colleagues.

High LDL-C levels in women prior to childbirth linked with high levels in adult offspring
In a study published online by JAMA Cardiology, among more than 500 adult/offspring pairs, elevated maternal low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels prior to pregnancy were associated with elevated adult offspring LDL-C levels, beyond the influence attributable to measured lifestyle and inherited genetic factors.

Spinning better electronic devices
A team of researchers, led by a group at the University of California, Riverside, have demonstrated for the first time the transmission of electrical signals through insulators in a sandwich-like structure, a development that could help create more energy efficient electronic devices.

Impact of climate change on food production could cause over 500000 extra deaths in 2050
Climate change could kill more than 500000 adults in 2050 worldwide due to changes in diets and bodyweight from reduced crop productivity, according to new estimates published in The Lancet.

IU physicist leads discovery of new particle: '4-flavored' tetraquark
Research led by Indiana University physicist Daria Zieminska has resulted in the first detection of a new form of elementary particle: the 'four-flavored' tetraquark.

Mariana Trench: 7 miles deep, the ocean is still a noisy place
For what may be the first time, scientists have eavesdropped on the deepest part of the world's oceans -- the Mariana Trench.

Discovery of a gene associated with a set of poorly understood rare diseases
IRB Barcelona identifies GEMC1 as a master gene for the generation of multiciliated cells -- cells with fine filaments that move fluids and substances -- which are found exclusively in the brain, respiratory tract, and reproductive system.

What gives parmesan cheese its unique taste?
When it comes to pasta and pizza dishes, nothing beats a sprinkle of grated parmesan on top.

Taming oceans for 24/7 power
OIST team proposes a novel ocean-current turbine design.

Researchers enhance CRISPR gene editing technology
Scientists have developed a process that improves the efficiency of CRISPR, an up-and-coming technology used to edit DNA.

Dementia: 'Illness' label can lower mood
Research led by the University of Exeter looked at people who had recently been diagnosed with dementia, and encountered symptoms such as memory loss, difficulty concentrating or carrying out daily tasks.

A range of interventions could curb rising antibiotic resistance in India
Antibiotic resistance is a global public health threat and one of particular concern in India.

Popular blood pressure app misses the mark
A popular smartphone app purported to accurately measure blood pressure simply by placing a cellphone on the chest with a finger over the built-in camera lens misses high blood pressure in eight out of 10 patients, potentially putting users' health at risk, according to research from Johns Hopkins.

Trinity Health awards $2.5 million grant to Proviso Partners for Health
Proviso Partners for Health today announced it will receive $2.5 million in grants over five years from Trinity Health under Trinity's Transforming Communities Initiative (TCI), a program that will result in the investment of about $80 million in grants, loans, community match dollars and services for six communities.

The world's newest atom-smasher achieves its 'first turns'
One of the world's top particle accelerators has reached a milestone, achieving its 'first turns' -- circulating beams of particles for the first time.

Moderate drinking has risks and benefits, heavy drinking heightens short- and long-term risk of heart attack, stroke
There may be an immediate risk of having a stroke or heart attack after drinking any alcohol, but moderate intake produces some protective health benefits within 24 hours.

Brief educational program can help curb dating violence among teens
Researchers learned that even as few as five lessons from a community-based dating violence prevention program can effect changes in student attitudes and behaviors.

Rare disease patients share info on MyGene2 web tool to assist with gene discovery
A new web tool, MyGene2, will enable patients and their families to join clinicians and scientists in the search for genes underlying rare disorders.

Study examines prevalence of rheumatic heart disease in developing country
Thomas Pilgrim, M.D., of Bern University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland, and colleagues conducted a study to determine the prevalence and incidence of clinically silent and manifest rheumatic heart disease in Eastern Nepal.

Ottawa researchers find Achilles' heel of a severe form of childhood leukemia
Researchers at The Ottawa Hospital and the University of Ottawa have found the Achilles' heel of one of the most aggressive forms of leukemia that affects both children and adults.

Researchers envisage 'future cemetery'
Researchers from the University of Bath's Centre for Death & Society and Columbia University's DeathLAB envisage how the graveyard of the future might look.

Blueberry types identified for resistance, susceptibility to pathogen
Two extensive experiments with highbush blueberry varieties revealed cultivars that are most susceptible to the soilborne pathogen Phytophthora cinnamomi.

Genetics and brain regions linked to sex differences in anxiety-related behavior in chimpanzees
Genetics and specific brain regions are linked to sex differences in chimpanzees' scratching behavior, a common indicator of anxiety in humans and others primates, according to a research study led by Georgia State University that shows chimpanzees can be models of human mental illness.

Study shows whales dine with their own kind
Researchers from MIT, Northeastern University, the Institute of Marine Research in Norway, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, have found that as multiple species of whales feast on herring, they tend to stick with their own kind, establishing species-specific feeding centers along the 150-mile length of Georges Bank.

Explosive start not needed for fast radio bursts
Astronomers in a recent Nature paper indicated the discovery of the 17th fast radio burst, reporting a radio 'afterglow' of a new FRB, which is like a mushroom cloud following a huge explosion, says Shami Chatterjee, a Cornell senior researcher.

Ultra-low dose CT scans successfully detect fractures
Researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center are reporting they successfully performed CT scans for joint fractures with one-fourteenth the amount of normal radiation without compromising image quality or a surgeon's ability to effectively diagnose an injury.

Energy drinks trigger abnormal heart rhythm, rise in blood pressure
A new study adds to the evidence that energy drinks may be bad for your heart.

Invigorating Japanese energy and environmental policy five years after Fukushima
Japanese researchers call for increased interdisciplinarity and internationalization in Japanese energy and environment research to provide effective scientific advice and invigorate Japanese energy and environmental policy five years after Fukushima.

Researchers urged to share landmark trial data on safety of starch solutions
A group of researchers are today being urged to share their data for a landmark trial that raised safety concerns about the use of starch solutions.

Newly identified genetic errors may prevent heart attacks
A new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Latest cell transplantation research presented at the 22nd Annual ASNTR Meeting
A special issue of Cell Transplantation is devoted to research presented at the 22nd Annual Meeting of the American Society for Neural Therapy and Repair, a society for scientists who study neurological disease and possible therapies.

Carbon nanotubes improve metal's longevity under radiation
Carbon nanotubes may improve longevity in nuclear reactors.

Seven miles deep, ocean still a noisy place
For what may be the first time, NOAA and partner scientists eavesdropped on the deepest part of the world's ocean and instead of finding a sea of silence, discovered a cacophony of sounds both natural and caused by humans.

Study: Homeschooled kids sleep more than others
In the first study of its kind published in the journal Behavioral Sleep Medicine, researchers have determined that teens who are homeschooled benefit from healthier sleep habits than those who go to most private and public schools.

Thirdhand smoke linked to type 2 diabetes
Thirdhand smoke results when exhaled smoke gets on surfaces -- clothing, hair, etc.

Molecular architectures see the light
Organic photovoltaics bear great potential for large-scale, cost-effective solar power generation.

UD prof studies how permafrost thawing affects vegetation, carbon cycle
University of Delaware scientists are exploring how the thawing of permafrost affects vegetation and the carbon cycle in the Toolik Lake area of Alaska's North Slope.

Study links mobile device addiction to depression and anxiety
Is cellphone use detrimental to mental health? A new study from the University of Illinois finds that addiction to, and not simply use of, mobile technology is linked to anxiety and depression in college-age students.

Mechanism discovered for mosaic pattern of cells in the nasal cavity
Every cell in our bodies has its proper place, but how do they get there?

High-fat diet linked to intestinal stem cell changes, increased risk for cancer
Over the past decade, studies have found that obesity and eating a high-fat, high-calorie diet are significant risk factors for many types of cancer.

Next-generation immunotherapy offers new hope for beating brain cancer
High-grade glioma is the most aggressive form of brain cancer.

New approaches for Parkinson's treatment? Researchers study metabolic changes
Researchers at the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine of the University of Luxembourg and partners in Constance, Munich and Bochum are studying the causes of premature ageing of neurons in Parkinson's patients with a defective DJ1 (PARK7) gene.

Common blood test could predict risk of 2nd stroke
A new discovery about ischemic stroke may allow to doctors to predict patients' risk of having a second stroke using a commonly performed blood test and their genetic profile.

Shedding light on the day-night cycle
New research sheds light on how the rhythms of daily life are encoded in the brain.

Mystery on the marsh: A newly discovered Anglo-Saxon island
The remains of an Anglo-Saxon island have been uncovered in one of the most important archaeological finds in decades.

Researchers map how marine mammals interact with their prey
A team led by Northeastern University Professor Purnima Ratilal has mapped a mass feeding frenzy involving more than eight highly protected species of whales and dolphins in the US Gulf of Maine region.

Nurse staffing levels key to keeping rehospitalizations down for hip/knee surgery patients
A new study from the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing's Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research shows that patients, who undergo elective hip and knee surgery in hospitals with inadequate nurse staffing and poor nurse work environments, are more likely to require re-hospitalization.

Do we see the trailer for the upcoming blockbuster of LHC?
In light of the latest analysis on the decay of beauty mesons, the dawn of a new era, that of 'new physics', may be approaching.

How to prevent 10 million deaths a year
Strategic investments to discover and develop new health tools, together with innovations in effectively delivering today's health tools and services, could avert 10 million deaths a year within just one generation, argue leading global health experts in a new PLOS Collection.

The realm of buried giants
In this huge new image clouds of crimson gas are illuminated by rare, massive stars that have only recently ignited and are still buried deep in thick dust clouds.

Happiness can break your heart too
Happy events can trigger a heart condition known as takotsubo syndrome, according to research published in the European Heart Journal.

Study of patients with melanoma finds most have few moles
Most patients with melanoma had few moles and no atypical moles, and in patients younger than 60, thick melanomas were more commonly found in those with fewer moles but more atypical moles, according to an article published online by JAMA Dermatology.

Possible link found between radiotherapy for prostate cancer and risk of secondary cancers
Researchers have found a possible association between radiotherapy for the treatment of prostate cancer and an increased risk of developing secondary cancers of the bladder, colorectal tract, and rectum.

Researchers discover that human hair and nails can tell toxic secrets
Chemicals used as flame retardants that are potentially harmful to humans are found in hair, toenails and fingernails, according to new research from Indiana University.

Turning smokestack emissions into carbon nanotube-containing batteries
Carbon dioxide is a main component of smokestack emissions and the most important greenhouse gas implicated in climate change.

Food limitation linked to record California sea lion pup strandings
Large numbers of California sea lion pups have flooded animal rescue centers in Southern California in the past few years.

It just gets better: NIST net-zero house quadruples energy surplus in second year
Four-bedroom house's rooftop solar power system generated a total of 13,717 kilowatt hours of electricity -- equivalent to the energy generated by burning more than seven tons of coal or about 1,000 gallons of oil.

American Sleep Apnea Association and IBM launch SleepHealth app
Today, the American Sleep Apnea Association (ASAA) and IBM (NYSE:IBM) introduced the SleepHealth app designed for iPhone and Apple Watch and the patient-driven SleepHealth Mobile Study to help identify connections between sleep habits and health outcomes.

UT and Genera Energy harvest hybrid poplar stand in next step toward a biobased economy
The harvest is part of a five-year $15 million multi-disciplinary research and development effort funded by the US Department of Agriculture to reduce barriers to the development of the Southeastern bioeconomy.

Activating brown fat tissue
In recent decades, obesity has become a global problem. The disease goes hand in hand with a dramatic increase in the proportion of body fat.

National research conference puts focus on 'Women of Color in the Academy'
Focusing on faculty women of color, especially in STEM fields, this research conference, 'Women of Color in the Academy: What's Next?' brings together faculty, administrators, students, and industry and government representatives to discuss leading research on the recruitment, retention, advancement and promotion to leadership of faculty women of color, highlighting their lived experiences.

'Gut' bacteria may help put a kink in family obesity cycle
A new animal study, published in Scientific Reports reveals insight on how a special type of dietary fibre, known as prebiotic, impacts the mother's gut microbiota and may be one factor in curbing obesity in moms and their babies.

New study pinpoints stress factor of mega-earthquake off Japan
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego researchers published new findings on the role geological rock formations offshore of Japan played in producing the massive 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake -- one of only two magnitude nine mega-earthquakes to occur in the last 50 years.

Children who are emotionally abused may be more likely to experience migraine as adults
Children who are emotionally abused may be more likely to experience migraines as young adults, according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 68th Annual Meeting in Vancouver, Canada, April 15 to 21, 2016.

A small dragonfly is found to be the world's longest-distance flyer
A dragonfly barely an inch and a half long appears to be animal world's most prolific long distance traveler -- flying thousands of miles over oceans as it migrates from continent to continent -- according to newly published research led by biologists at Rutgers University-Newark.

Study explores how high-fat diet influences colon cancer
A study published in Nature reveals how a high-fat diet makes the cells of the intestinal lining more likely to become cancerous.

VTT develops a design accessory for monitoring the indoor air quality
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a design accessory for monitoring the indoor air quality in facilities such as offices and classrooms.

Gene identified that helps wound healing
Researchers at Ohio State University have pinpointed a human gene product that helps regulate wound healing and may control scarring in people recovering from severe injuries and damage to certain internal organs.

Reduce, reuse, recycle: Safe for water?
As fresh water resources become scarce, one option for water-conscious farmers is to water crops with treated wastewater.

Steroid injections too soon before joint replacement may increase infection risk
Injections received in the months prior to total knee or total hip replacement surgery may increase the risk for infection and related complications, according to two studies -- among the largest conducted on this topic--presented at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

Metamaterial separation proposed for chemical, biomolecular uses
The unique properties of metamaterials have been used to cloak objects from light, and to hide them from vibration, pressure waves and heat.

The Association for Gerontology in Higher Education honors new awardees
The Association for Gerontology in Higher Education -- the educational branch of The Gerontological Society of America -- is proud to announce its awardees.

'A load of old rot': Fossil of oldest known land-dweller identified
The earliest example of an organism living on land -- an early type of fungus -- has been identified.

Testing the evolution of resistance by experiment
As scientists look for replacements for our dwindling stock of antibiotics, the evolution of resistance is never far from their minds.

New, less toxic therapy for stage-4 breast cancer
For women suffering from stage-4 breast cancer, there is a new treatment plan that, according to a recent Northwestern Medicine clinical trial, is highly effective and has minimal toxicity.

UM researchers found shallow-water corals are not related to their deep-water counterparts
A new study led by scientists at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science found that shallow-reef corals are more closely related to their shallow-water counterparts over a thousand miles away than they are to deep-water corals on the same reef.

AAOS recommends a multi-faceted approach to diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome
New guidelines approved by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Board of Directors recommend the collective use of a thorough patient history and specific physical examination maneuvers, in addition to observation and specific diagnostic tests to more definitively diagnose carpal tunnel syndrome, a common source of hand numbness and pain affecting approximately 3 million Americans -- primarily women -- each year.

TSRI scientists find clues to neutralizing coronaviruses such as MERS
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute, Dartmouth and the National Institutes of Health have solved the structure of a key protein in HKU1, a coronavirus identified in Hong Kong in 2005 and highly related to SARS and MERS. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to