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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | March 03, 2016


Financial, migration crises in Europe add to EU skepticism, professor finds
The fallout of the financial crisis and subsequent bailouts of Greece and other struggling nations, coupled with the recent migration crisis, have further inflamed skepticism toward European integration, according to a new study led by a University of Kansas professor.
Why do chimpanzees throw stones at trees?
Newly discovered stone tool-use behavior and accumulation sites in wild chimpanzees are reminiscent to human cairns.
Cannabis use in psychotic patients linked to 50 percent higher hospital admission risk
Cannabis use among people experiencing a first episode of psychotic illness is linked to a 50 per cent heightened risk of hospital admission -- including compulsory detention (sectioning) -- as well as longer inpatient stay, reveals the largest study of its kind, published in the online journal BMJ Open.
Research shows efficacy of steroid use in late preterm delivery
New research shows that babies born in the late preterm period -- between 34 and 36 weeks gestation -- benefit from the use of antenatal corticosteroids to help mature the baby's lungs.
Increase in the number of dog attacks on guide dogs in the UK
Reported dog attacks on guide dogs have risen significantly over a five year period, finds a study published online in the journal Veterinary Record.
PGK1 protein promotes brain tumor formation and cancer metabolism
PGK1, a glycolytic enzyme, has been found to play a role in coordinating cellular processes crucial to cancer metabolism and brain tumor formation, according to results published in today's online issue of Molecular Cell.
Rapid evolution in mouse genitalia tracked down to small collection of genes
Bacula -- the bones in the penises of many animals -- vary dramatically in shape and size from species to species.
The secret to 3-D graphene? Just freeze it
A study published Feb. 10 in the journal Small describes how engineers used a modified 3-D printer and frozen water to create three-dimensional objects made of graphene oxide.
Yogurt may protect women from developing high blood pressure
Women who ate five or more servings of yogurt per week, especially as part of a healthy diet, had lower risk of developing high blood pressure.
Modified protein reverses cirrhosis in lab rats
A protein modified to increase the amount of time it circulates in the bloodstream appears to reverse liver fibrosis and cirrhosis in rats, according to results of a study led by Johns Hopkins researchers.
Hubble breaks cosmic distance record
By pushing the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope to its limits astronomers have shattered the cosmic distance record by measuring the distance to the most remote galaxy ever seen in the Universe.
The risk of intestinal parasites in communities exposed to fecal waste
In areas that undergo rapid urbanization in low-income countries the safe management of wastewater and fecal sludge is vital to ensure the health of the growing population.
Your modern lifestyle is made possible by creating tons of waste, new book reveals
Josh Reno, assistant professor of anthropology at Binghamton University, spent a year working as a paper picker at a large mega-landfill on the outskirts of Detroit, Mich., to explore the relationship North Americans have with garbage.
Study shows broccoli may offer protection against liver cancer
Research has shown that eating broccoli three to five times per week can lower the risk of many types of cancers.
(Rain)cloud computing: Researchers work to improve how we predict climate change
At Argonne National Laboratory, two scientists work on simulations that project what the climate will look like 100 years from now.
UK researchers publish study highlighting use of 10x Genomics' GemCode™ technology
10x Genomics has announced the publication of a study that was enabled by the company's GemCode™ technology platform, a powerful new approach that allows researchers to discover previously inaccessible genomic information.
'Octopus-like' skin can stretch, sense touch, and emit light
Researchers have developed an artificial skin that can stretch, sense pressure, and emit light, demonstrating a level of multi-functionality seen in the skin of cephalopods like octopuses.
Brain connectivity reveals hidden motives
Often, it is hard to understand why people behave the way they do, because their true motives remain hidden.
Anterior vs. posterior: Does surgical approach impact hip replacement outcomes?
The surgical approach to total hip replacement -- either from the front of the body or the side/back (anterior vs. posterior) -- has no impact on outcomes six months after surgery, according to research presented today at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Groundbreaking text mining project highlights 'gender gap' in scientific research
The sexes can have markedly different responses to the same investigations.
For females, a little semen may go a long way
For most guys in the animal kingdom, sex is a once-and-done event.
Black and brilliant? A female genius? Not according to RateMyProfessors, study finds
An analysis of more than 14 million reviews on RateMyProfessors.com, where students write anonymous reviews of their professors, found that students most often use the words 'brilliant' and 'genius' to describe male professors and in academic disciplines in which women and African-Americans are underrepresented.
Using streaming online media such as YouTube to learn new surgical techniques
A small survey American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery members found that most of them had used online streaming media (i.e., YouTube) at least once to learn a new technique and most had used those techniques in practice, according to an article published online by JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.
Cancer expert says public health and prevention measures are key to defeating cancer
Is investment in research to develop new treatments the best approach to controlling cancer?
66th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting: 402 young scientists to participate
402 young scientists from 80 countries will participate in the 66th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting.
Ancient viral invaders in our DNA help fight today's infections
Roughly eight percent of our DNA comes from viruses that infected our ancestors millions of years ago.
Depicting as a method of communication
When we think of language, we usually think of words, phrases, and sentences -- strings of abstract symbols.
Cells collected from preterm infants' urine may advance regenerative kidney repair
Urine collected from preterm infants one day after birth often contains progenitor cells that can develop into mature kidney cells.
Improved lifestyle led to decreased cholesterol and less cardiac death
Cholesterol levels -- the most common risk factor for heart attacks -- have decreased in northern Sweden over the last 20 years.
In field sciences, data sharing facilitates transparency and reproducibility
For cultural, technical, and financial reasons, field sciences such as geology, ecology, and archaeology have lagged behind many of the laboratory sciences in making research data and samples available to the broader research community -- but it is time for this to change, Marcia McNutt, Brian Nosek and colleagues emphasize in this Policy Forum.
New method for producing heart cells may hold the key to treating heart failure
Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes have discovered how to make a new type of cell that is in between embryonic stem cells and adult heart cells, and that may hold the key to treating heart disease.
Formaldehyde exposure from 3 e-cigarette formats tested well below WHO quality guidelines
A new study shows that the daily exposure to formaldehyde from three different types of e-cigarettes is well below the levels considered safe by the World Health Organisation -- at less than a sixth of the indoor air quality standard.
Irregular silicon wafer breakage studied in real-time by direct and diffraction X-ray imaging
Fracture and breakage of single crystals, particularly of silicon wafers, are multi-scale problems: the crack tip starts propagating on an atomic scale with the breaking of chemical bonds, forms crack fronts through the crystal on the micrometre scale and ends macroscopically in catastrophic wafer shattering.
Scrutinizing the tip of molecular probes
Studies of molecules confined to nano- or micropores are of considerable interest to physicists.
Using a computer, social activities tied to reduced risk of memory decline
Keeping the brain active with social activities and using a computer may help older adults reduce their risk of developing memory and thinking problems, according to a study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 68th Annual Meeting in Vancouver, Canada, April 15 to 21, 2016.
How effective is Twitter to share cancer clinical trial information and recruit?
Could Twitter be a way to communicate with the public about cancer clinical trials and increase awareness and patient recruitment?
A new biomarker of brain inflammation in early-stage Alzheimer's disease
Researchers in Germany have identified a brain inflammation marker in patients at early asymptomatic stages of Alzheimer's disease.
Super elastic electroluminescent 'skin' will soon create mood robots
A team of Cornell engineers have developed an electroluminescent 'skin' that stretches to more than six times its original size while still emitting light.
New insight into enzyme evolution
How enzymes -- the biological proteins that act as catalysts and help complex reactions occur -- are 'tuned' to work at a particular temperature is described in new research from groups in New Zealand and the UK, including the University of Bristol.
The maximum earthquake magnitude for North Turkey
The Istanbul metropolitan region faces a high probability for a large earthquake in the near future.
First new 'Atom-Smasher' since the LHC, comes online
SuperKEKB at the KEK laboratory in Japan has achieved 'First Turns', a major milestone for any new particle accelerator.
Promising basic research: The 2016 ONR Young Investigators
The Office of Naval Research announced today awards of $25 million through its 2016 Young Investigator Program, to 47 scientists whose exceptionally creative research holds promise across a range of naval-relevant science and technology areas, from robotics to solar cells.
Increased protein consumption linked to feelings of fullness: New study
Many people turn to high-protein foods when trying to lose weight because eating protein-rich meals is commonly believed to make dieters feel fuller.
DOE-funded Bioenergy Research Centers file 500th invention disclosure
Three US Department of Energy-funded research centers are making progress on a shared mission to develop technologies that will bring advanced biofuels to the marketplace, reporting today the disclosure of their 500th invention.
When liquids get up close and personal with powders
Every cook knows that dissolving powder into a liquid, such as semolina in milk or polenta in water, often creates lumps.
New study finds elders living alone with abuser more likely to endure severe mistreatment
A new study examining elder abuse-released today by researchers at the University of Toronto, Cornell University, and Weill-Cornell Medical College has found that older adult victims living alone with their abuser were up to four times more likely to endure more severe levels of mistreatment.
Plenaries at American Chemical Society meeting will focus on computers in chemistry
Scientists, in four plenary talks, will explore a variety of subjects related to the 'Computers in Chemistry' theme of the 251st National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.
Women need more of the HIV drug Truvada than men to prevent infection
Women need daily doses of the antiviral medication Truvada to prevent HIV infection while men only need two doses per week due to the way the drug accumulates in different body tissues, according to a new study from pharmacy researchers the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Penn nursing receives prestigious future of nursing scholars grant to prepare Ph.D. nurses
The University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing) is one of only 32 schools of nursing nationwide to receive a grant to increase the number of nurses holding Ph.D.s.
Tiny island deer in Panama hunted to extinction thousands of years ago
Once there was a dwarf deer on an island in the Pacific, but residents hunted it to extinction 6,000 years ago.
Neuronal calculations consider expectations
The fly brain takes typical features of the environment into account when calculating motion.
When it comes to predicting depression, race may matter more than was thought
Depression can strike anyone, taking a toll on mental and physical health, friendships, work and studies.
LSU Health New Orleans receives endowment from AmeriHealth Caritas Louisiana
With funding from AmeriHealth Caritas Louisiana, LSU Health New Orleans School of Public Health is creating a fellowship program for medical students who are also enrolled in the Master of Public Health degree program.
Common genetic variant in a tumor suppressor gene linked to obesity and type 2 diabetes
P53, a tumor suppressor referred to as has often been described as the 'guardian of the genome,' may also be the 'guardian of obesity.' New research found that a variant of the gene is heavily implicated in metabolism, which may lead to obesity and the development of type 2 diabetes.
By cloning mouse neurons, TSRI scientists find brain cells with 100+ unique mutations
Scientists from The Scripps Research Institute are the first to sequence the complete genomes of individual neurons and to produce live mice carrying neuronal genomes in all of their cells.
New vulnerability revealed in blood cancer development
Australian researchers have uncovered a protein that is key to the development of blood cancers caused by a common genetic error.
Some birds are just as smart as apes
Some groups of birds are mentally just as smart as apes.
Brain tune-up may aid self-motivation
Volition powers us through innumerable daily tasks. Could we lead healthier, more productive lives if we could learn to control the parts of our brain most essential to volition?
New maps reduce threats to whales, dolphins
A Duke-led team has created highly detailed maps charting the seasonal movements and population densities of 35 species of whales, dolphins and porpoises -- many of them threatened or endangered -- in US Atlantic and Gulf waters.
DNA 'scrunching' occurs as RNA polymerase selects a position to begin synthesizing RNA
A research collaboration that combines novel 'big-data' informatics tools with expertise in basic biology has uncovered details of an essential process in life: how a crucial enzyme locates the site on DNA where it begins to direct the synthesis of RNA.
Asymmetry of an emotion
Facial hemiparalysis not only makes it impossible to produce expressions, it also impairs the perception of expressions on other people's faces.
Neural connectivity dictates altruistic behavior
A new study suggests that the specific alignment of neural networks in the brain dictates whether a person's altruism was motivated by selfish or altruistic behavior.
Desalination plants a 'hidden asset' for power, water
Generating hydropower from infrequently used desalination plants would create economic and environmental benefits for our biggest cities, according to research led by Griffith University's Dr.
Novel small-molecule antiviral compound protects monkeys from deadly Ebola virus
Rhesus monkeys were completely protected from Ebola virus when treated three days after infection with a compound that blocks the virus's ability to replicate.
CO/NO dual sensor for real time brain event observation
IBS records separate, simultaneous carbon monoxide/nitric oxide levels during induced seizure activity.
New institute to protect America's national parks
A new independent institute located at Duke University will work to preserve America's national parks and protected areas through research and education, and promote greater use of the parks as scientific research sites.
Fuel or food? Study sees increasing competition for land, water resources
A new study in the Nature publication Scientific Reports shows that about one-third of the world's malnourished population could be fed by using resources now used for biofuel production.
How many types of neurons are there in the brain?
For decades, scientists have struggled to develop a comprehensive census of cell types in the brain.
Greenland's ice is getting darker, increasing risk of melting
Greenland's snowy surface has been getting darker over the past two decades, absorbing more heat from the sun and increasing snow melt, a new study of satellite data shows.
Clean energy could stress global water resources
Efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the energy sector could lead to greater pressure on water resources, increasing water use and thermal water pollution.
Industry and academic researchers advance human health at innovative cancer research symposium
Today, the Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation held the fifth annual Accelerating Cancer Cures Research Symposium.
Discovery of a 'neuronal big bang'
Our neurons are derived from progenitor cells, which are specialized stem cells that have the ability to divide to give rise to neurons.
Cloudy problems: Today's clouds might not be the same as pre-industrial ones
Clouds are notoriously hard to simulate in computer programs that model climate.
Mating without males decreases lifespan
Roundworm species reproducing self-fertilization instead of mating with males have shorter lifespans.
People with anxiety show fundamental differences in perception
People with anxiety fundamentally perceive the world differently, according to a study reported in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on March 3.
New, eco-friendly technologies could transform the European aluminium industry by 2050
Adopting innovative technological solutions -- currently in early research phase -- instead of following a conservative technology development path could slash the direct greenhouse gasses -emissions of aluminum production by 66 percent in 2050 and reduce the associated energy consumption by 21 percent, according to a JRC report.
Study shows rates of IBD in RI among the highest in the country, national rates climbing
A study led by the Hasbro Children's Hospital Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Nutrition and Liver Diseases found that the incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in Rhode Island is one of the highest ever reported in the United States and that IBD rates nationally are much higher than previously reported.
A synthetic biology approach for a new antidote to coral snake venom
Coral snake venom carries significant neurotoxicity and human injuries can be severe or even lethal.
Georgetown author says radiation fears will be 'rearranged' with new book, 'Strange Glow'
'Strange Glow' tells the story of man's encounter with radiation, and how mankind has been transformed by the experience.
New research grants awarded to Bath automotive researchers
Innovate UK grants have been awarded to the University of Bath to lead two separate projects investigating different aspects of a vehicle's exhaust system in order to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of internal combustion engines.
Re-thinking renewable energy predictions
The OIST study on fluctuations in wind power describes how to find errors in forecasting renewable energy needs.
New research links mitochondrial dysfunction to the development of FECD
Researchers at Schepens Eye Research Institute of Massachusetts Eye and Ear have shown a link between mitochondrial dysfunction in corneal endothelial cells and the development of Fuchs' Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy.
Researchers determine 'patterns' for bones left on ground surfaces
For the first time, researchers have determined a signature of changes that occur to human remains, specifically bones, left outside in the New England environment.
Highly realistic virtual neurons fruit of an Allen Institute and Blue Brain collaboration
The Allen Institute for Brain Science and the Blue Brain Project are deepening their collaboration.
Stop signals against protein clumps
Synthesis of faulty protein chains leads to the formation of toxic aggregates.
Wayne State professor earns prestigious NSF CAREER Award
Chung-Tse Michael Wu of the Wayne State University College of Engineering has been awarded a National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development Award, and aims to develop antennas made of novel transmission-line-based metamaterials that would enable a high-speed, microwave panoramic camera.
Breast cancer: An improved animal model opens up new treatments
EPFL scientists have developed an animal model for breast cancer that faithfully captures the disease.
European Geosciences Union meeting: Program online, press conferences
The programme for the 2016 European Geosciences Union conference (17-22 April, Vienna) is now online.
There goes the neighborhood: Changes in chromosome structure activate cancer-causing genes
In a finding with enormous implications for cancer diagnostics and therapeutics, Whitehead Institute scientists have discovered that breaches in looping chromosomal structures known as 'insulated neighborhoods' can activate oncogenes capable of fueling aggressive tumor growth.
Most teens who misuse prescription stimulants say they use other people's medication
Using someone else's medication is the most common form of prescription stimulant misuse among adolescents, according to a University of Florida Health study, which found that 88 percent of teens who used the drugs non-medically in the past 30 days said they had obtained the medications from someone else.
High daily coffee consumption may lower MS risk
Drinking a lot of coffee every day -- more than 900 ml (30 fluid ounces) or around six cups -- is linked to a reduced risk of multiple sclerosis (MS), finds research published online in the Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.
Scientists reveal alternative route for cell death
Researchers at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital have uncovered a new pathway for mitochondrial cell death that involves the protein BCL-2 ovarian killer otherwise known as BOK.
Tapping into Twitter to help recruit cancer patients into #ClinicalTrials
Twitter may be an effective, untapped resource to stimulate interest in cancer clinical trials and boost enrollment, physicians at the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania suggest in a new research letter in JAMA Oncology.
NASA's IMERG measures flooding rainfall in Peru
Heavy rainfall recently caused flooding, landslides and power outages in some areas of Peru.
eHealth solution: A youth mental health self-referral service
The University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre has received grants totaling $1.075 million to conduct a pilot program aiming to improve access to mental health services for youth.
Healthy cells 'collaborate' with tumors to help build new blood vessels
Healthy cells actively collaborate with tumors by creating a mesh of collagen that encourages cancer cells to build new blood vessels, a new study shows.
Key brain receptor sheds light on neurological conditions, CU Anschutz researchers say
Researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have found that a key receptor in the brain, once thought to only strengthen synapses, can also weaken them, offering new insights into the mechanisms driving depression, drug addiction and even Alzheimer's disease.
Alzheimer's disease: Early biomarker defined
A multicenter study led by Christian Haass and Michael Ewers of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich has identified a biomarker associated with the activation of an innate immune response to neural damage during early stages of Alzheimer's disease.
Without ancestral gene life on Earth might not have evolved beyond slime
Researchers at the University of British Columbia have identified a common ancestral gene that enabled the evolution of advanced life over a billion years ago.
University of Miami research explains success of extremist politicians
Today's longer campaign cycles, filled with numerous TV debates, constant news reporting & social media coverage, are causing the rise of extremist politicians, according to a new study from the University of Miami School of Business Administration, just published in the American Economic Journal: Economics.
Hubble team breaks cosmic distance record
By pushing NASA's Hubble Space Telescope to its limits, an international team of astronomers has shattered the cosmic distance record by measuring the farthest galaxy ever seen in the universe.
Beetles assert dominance by being a lover not a fighter, new research shows
The pioneering new research, produced by scientists at the University of Exeter, has shown that same-sex sexual behavior (SSB) may help assert an accepted 'pecking order' amongst males for the right to court and mate with females.
CPAP may improve glycemic control in sleep apnea patients
Continuous positive airway pressure, or CPAP, appears to improve glycemic control in patients with obstructive sleep apnea and type 2 diabetes that is not well controlled, according to research published in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Roundtable on coffee and health concludes consumers often receive out-of-date advice
Research suggests an association between coffee and a reduced risk of conditions such as type 2 diabetes, dementia and CVD, however a new roundtable report suggests consumers are confused about the potential health effects of coffee, in part due to them receiving information which is not in line with the latest science.
Louisiana Tech University researchers helping NOPD find 'best fit' in new officers
AROS, a research and consulting group comprised of faculty and students within Louisiana Tech University's industrial-organizational psychology doctoral program, is partnering with the New Orleans Police Department to develop an entry-level selection test battery and analysis tools to identify the best candidates for its police academy and future law enforcement community.
What influences 11-year-olds to drink?
Around one in seven 11-year-olds in the UK have had at least one drink of alcohol, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Public Health, which analyzed data from 10,498 children aged 11.
New TSRI study shows HIV structure in unprecedented detail
A new study from scientists at The Scripps Research Institute describes the high-resolution structure of the HIV protein responsible for recognition and infection of host cells.
MSU discovers a new kind of stem cell
Scientists at Michigan State University have discovered a new kind of stem cell, one that could lead to advances in regenerative medicine as well as offer new ways to study birth defects and other reproductive problems.
Finnish electric buses serve as mobile testing platforms in the Helsinki region
Finnish electric buses will soon be acting as development platforms for smart mobility services in the Helsinki region, used for boosting the creation of new user-centric solutions and product development of businesses.
Regular aspirin use found to protect against overall cancer risk
An analysis of data from two major, long-term epidemiologic studies finds that the regular use of aspirin significantly reduces the overall risk of cancer, a reduction that primarily reflects a lower risk of colorectal cancer and other tumors of the gastrointestinal tract.
Geriatric consultation with trauma surgeons improves outcomes for elderly accident victims
An immediate consultation between trauma surgeons and a geriatrician improves multidisciplinary care of elderly accident victims and the sensitivity of the family to the patient's ongoing health care needs.
Winning the water war starts with winning the battle on data
'Smart' water meters won't help resource managers interpret usage data without new analysis tools and a dependable urban water cyberinfrastructure.
Violence linked to early signs of blood vessel disease in women
Middle-aged Mexican women who had experienced physical violence as adults may have an increased risk of developing heart and blood vessel disease.
Peanuts, peanut butter may hold key to preventing obesity
A study conducted by a team of researchers, including those from the University of Houston Department of Health and Human Performance, found middle school children at risk for being overweight or obese reduced their Body Mass Index by eating a snack of peanuts, compared to those children who did not.
Projected 10 billion world population drives moderate-to-high risk worries
A ballooning world population, projected to hit 10 billion around 2060, is raising public concerns, according to a new study by the University of Southampton.
Size not such a big thing for seed bugs
Size should be a big thing when it comes to seed bugs mating, but it only matters when more than one mating partner is around to choose from.
Long-term aspirin use linked to lower risk for gastrointestinal tract cancers
Regular low doses of aspirin for at least six years was associated with a modestly reduced overall risk for cancer, primarily due to a lower risk for gastrointestinal tract cancer, especially colorectal cancers, according to an article published online by JAMA Oncology.
Bromances may be good for men's health
A UC Berkeley study of the effects of stress on social behavior in male rats finds that moderate stress makes them more prosocial, raising oxytocin levels that are known to encourage bonding, which in turn leads to resilience in the face of stress and better health.
'Broken' heart breakthrough: Researchers reprogram cells to better battle heart failure
Patients with heart failure often have a buildup of scar tissue that leads to a gradual loss of heart function.
Researchers unravel pathways of potent antibodies that fight HIV infection
One of the most crucial and elusive goals of an effective HIV vaccine is to stimulate antibodies that can attack the virus even as it relentlessly mutates.
Blocking transfer of calcium to cell's powerhouse selectively kills cancer cells
Inhibiting the transfer of calcium ions into the cell's powerhouse is specifically toxic to cancer cells, suggesting new ways to fight the disease.
The second Leena Peltonen Prize for Excellence in Human Genetics to Dr. Benjamin Neale
The recipient of the second Leena Peltonen prize for Excellence in Human Genetics is Dr.
Parasites help brine shrimp cope with arsenic habitat contamination
Do parasites weaken their hosts' resilience to environmental stress? Not always, according to a study published on March 3 in PLOS Pathogens.
Accepting a job below one's skill level can adversely affect future employment prospects
Accepting a job below one's skill level can be severely penalizing when applying for future employment because of the perception that someone who does this is less committed or less competent, according to new research from a sociologist at The University of Texas at Austin.
Experimental economics: Results you can trust
Reproducibility is an important measure of validity in experimental science.
New way to control chemical reactions
Scientists have harnessed static electricity to control chemical reactions for the first time, in a breakthrough that could bring cleaner industry and cheaper nanotechnology.
The model for likelihood to participate in conferences can be used to improve communities
Researchers at Aalto University, Institute of Physics Belgrade and the Saha Institute in Kolkata have used a computational model to prove that participants make a more favorable decision to participating in scientific conferences the more often they have previously participated in the conference.
The BMJ Editor unpicks row over Hunt's use of seven-day NHS data
Today, The BMJ's Editor in chief, Dr Fiona Godlee, unpicks the facts surrounding health secretary Jeremy Hunt's use of data to put his case for a seven-day NHS in England.
ADHD medications associated with diminished bone health in kids
Children and adolescents who take medication for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) show decreased bone density, according to a large cross-sectional study presented today at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Journal publishes special section on antibiotics in agroecosystems
A special collection presents the state of science for evaluating antibiotic resistance in agroecosystems.
New software to assess the environmental status of marine ecosystems
The new tool is called NEAT, which stands for Nested Environmental status Assessment Tool.
Researchers overturn landmark study on the replicability of psychological science
An in-depth examination of a 2015 landmark study showing that more than half of all psychology studies cannot be replicated has revealed serious mistakes that make its pessimistic conclusion completely unwarranted.
Quantum computer factors numbers, could be scaled up
Researchers from MIT and the University of Innsbruck report that they have designed and built a quantum computer from five atoms in an ion trap.
AIBS names emerging public policy leader
The American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) has selected the winner of the 2016 AIBS Emerging Public Policy Leadership Award.
How well do laboratory experiments in economics replicate?
In a study aiming to replicate laboratory experiments published in high-impact economics journals, researchers reproduced original results in 61 percent of cases.
Tumors contain the seeds of their own destruction
Scientists have made a groundbreaking discovery in understanding how the genetic complexity of tumors can be recognized and exploited by the immune system, even when the disease is at its most advanced stages.
New pain relief technique for ACL knee surgery preserves muscle strength
Anesthesiologists can significantly reduce loss of muscle strength in ACL knee surgery patients using a new pain management technique, a new study has found.
Woman's Condom achieves WHO/UNFPA prequalification
The Woman's Condom, a new female condom designed to be easy to use and more acceptable to women and their partners, has been prequalified by the World Health Organization (WHO)/United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).

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