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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | March 04, 2016


Oestrogen in birth control pills has a negative impact on fish
A new doctoral thesis from Lund University in Sweden shows that hormones found in birth control pills alter the genes in fish, which can cause changes in their behavior.
Reducing opioid use prior to joint replacement surgery linked to better outcomes
Two research studies presented this week at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), link decreased opioid use prior to joint replacement surgery with improved patient satisfaction and outcomes, fewer complications, and a reduced need for post-surgical opioids.
Woodpecker drumming signals wimp or warrior
Wake Forest University researchers tested how woodpecker pairs perceived drumming to see how it influenced territorial interaction and coordination of defensive behavior.
Dr. Dobryakova of Kessler Foundation receives Switzer Research Fellowship for TBI research
Ekaterina Dobryakova, Ph.D., of Kessler Foundation has been awarded a Switzer Research Fellowship by the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research.
Guiding knee replacement patients to high-volume hospitals could save $4 billion annually
If all patients scheduled for knee replacement were directed to high-volume hospitals for the surgery, it could save the US health-care system between $2.5 and $4 billion annually by the year 2030, according to a study at Hospital for Special Surgery.
NSF funds national user facility for $17.8 million to develop 2-D crystals
The National Science Foundation announced today, March 4, the award of $17.8 million over 5 years to Penn State to fund one of only two Materials Innovation Platform national user facilities in the country.
New research uncovers the 'myths' behind aviation's climate change crisis
A new study published in the journal Transportation Research Part D has explored the ways in which new technologies have been 'hyped' by the aviation industry and media as the key to sustainable air travel, perpetuating a culture of non-accountability for increased emissions and subsequent environmental damage.
Nanoscale rotor and gripper push DNA origami to new limits
Scientists at the Technical University of Munich have built two new nanoscale machines with moving parts, using DNA as a programmable, self-assembling construction material.
Investigators trace emergence and spread of virulent salmonella strain
Since it first emerged more than half a century ago, a particular strain of multidrug-resistant Salmonella has spread all over the world.
Exercise may protect nerve cells in Spinal Muscular Atrophy patients
Long-term exercise appears to be beneficial for Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) like mice, suggesting a potential of active physiotherapy for patient care; according to a study published today in The Journal of Physiology.
Collaborative project to help save the UK's declining pollinators launched
The University of Stirling is working with Polli:Nation, a UK-wide biodiversity project, to get schools across Britain to help save and protect the dwindling pollinating insect population by transforming their grounds and community spaces.
Dietary glycemic index linked to lung cancer risk in select populations
Consuming a diet with a high glycemic index, a classification of how rapidly carbohydrates elevate blood sugar levels, was independently associated with an increased risk of developing lung cancer in non-Hispanic whites, according to a new epidemiologic study from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.
Aussie crayfish alpine hideout under threat
Ecologists have found that Australian river crayfish numbers plunged 90 per cent in an alpine region after their habitat was lost.
Evolving insights into cystic fibrosis lung infections
Recent research progress into how bacteria adapt and evolve during chronic lung infections in cystic fibrosis patients could lead to better treatment strategies being developed, according to a new review by the University of Liverpool.
Four signs that a geriatric ER patient should be admitted to the hospital
Older adults who go to the emergency department with cognitive impairment, a change in disposition plan from admit to discharge, low blood pressure and elevated heart rate were more likely to be admitted to the intensive care unit or to die within seven days, according to a study published online Wednesday in Annals of Emergency Medicine.
Electricity can flow through graphene at high frequencies without energy loss
Electrical signals transmitted at high frequencies lose none of their energy when passed through the 'wonder material' graphene, a study led by Plymouth University has shown.
Construction of Sacramento Kings arena using drone monitoring system developed at Illinois
A University of Illinois team has developed predictive visual data analytics tools, called 'Flying Superintendent' to automate and streamline today's time-consuming practices for construction progress monitoring.
Louisiana Tech University, LSUHSC to host biomedical engineering conference
Louisiana Tech University is joining forces with LSU Health Sciences Center in Shreveport to bring together biomedical researchers and experts from across the nation at the 32nd Annual Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference (SBEC 2016), March 11-13 at the Shreveport Convention Center.
A proposed superconductivity theory receives exclusive experimental confirmation
Superconductivity is one of the most exciting problems in physics, which has resulted in investments worldwide of enormous brain power and resources since its discovery a little over a century ago.
Can social support be a bad thing for older adults?
A recent study conducted by Duke-NUS Medical School (Duke-NUS) researchers suggests that social support from family and friends does not have an entirely positive effect on mental health but is instead a 'mixed blessing.' This is the first study that demonstrates the simultaneous negative and positive effects of social support among Singaporean older adults and has implications for policy makers.
Hostile young adults may experience thinking and memory problems in middle age
Young adults with hostile attitudes or those who don't cope well with stress may be at increased risk for experiencing memory and thinking problems decades later, according to a study published in the March 2, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
Procedures to repair knee cartilage show promise in treating patients over 40
Two studies at Hospital for Special Surgery find that cartilage restoration procedures using 'plugs' are a viable treatment option for patients over 40 years old.
Poor helmet fit associated with concussion severity in high school football players
High school football players with ill-fitting helmets are at greater risk for more severe concussions, according to a study presented today at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Study sheds new light on post-operative bleeding in newborns
A new study finds significant differences between the blood clot structure in adults and newborns, helping researchers better understand the challenges in addressing post-operative bleeding in neonatal patients.
Cosmochemists find evidence for unstable heavy element at solar system formation
University of Chicago scientists have discovered evidence in a meteorite that a rare element, curium, was present during the formation of the solar system.
DFG launches German-Russian cooperation in materials research
Science unites people -- irrespective of the general political climate.
CU researchers offer framework to integrate behavioral health and primary care
The Eugene S. Farley, Jr. Health Policy Center, with support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, released recommendations in a report, 'Creating a Culture of Whole Health,' that offers practical improvements that would eliminate the artificial separation of 'mental health' from 'physical health.' The report provides recommendations that call for creating a new approach to health care.
Transition to child care easier when parents and providers form partnership
New University of Illinois study shows that a partnership between parent and provider makes transition to child care easier and helps in the child's development.
GA Tech nanotech professor honored as SURA Distinguished Scientist
SURA today announced that Zhong Lin Wang, the Hightower Chair in Materials Science and Engineering Regent's Professor at Georgia Institute of Technology, will receive its 2016 SURA Distinguished Scientist Award.
Dysfunction of cellular powerplant shakes B-vitamin metabolism and causes genetic damage
The recent study, conducted at the University of Helsinki, Finland, clarified a mechanism underlying a severe progressive children's brain disease and adult's muscle disease.
Overall fluidity of US labor market has been declining
The decline in the fluidity, or dynamism, of the US labor market has been occurring along a number of dimensions -- including the rate of job-to-job transition, hires and separations, and geographic movement across labor markets -- since at least the 1980s, and these declines are all related, according to a new paper to be presented next week at the Brookings Panel on Economic Activity.
NSU researcher receives part of National Science Foundation grant to study deep-sea life
NSU researcher is part of a team that will study deep-sea life, and more specifically, bioluminescence.
Star Trek's vision becomes reality
Physicists from University of Jena have now for the first demonstrated in an experiment that the concept of teleportation does not only persist in the world of quantum particles, but also in our classical world.
Zika virus infects human neural stem cells
The Zika virus infects a type of neural stem cell that gives rise to the brain's cerebral cortex, researchers report March 4 in Cell Stem Cell.
Marine protected areas intensify both cooperation and competition
Marine protected areas generate both extreme cooperation and extreme competition among commercial fishers.
Study offers clearest picture yet of how HIV defeats a cellular defender
A new study offers the first atomic-scale view of an interaction between the HIV capsid -- the protein coat that shepherds HIV into the nucleus of human cells -- and a host protein known as cyclophilin A.
More Sumatran orangutans than previously thought
Sumatran orangutans, one of the two existing species of orangutans, live exclusively in the North of the Indonesian island Sumatra and are critically endangered.
UNH researchers conduct first comprehensive study of NH oyster farming
University of New Hampshire scientists have conducted the first study of oyster farming-nitrogen dynamics in New Hampshire, providing the first solid research on the state's oyster farming industry and the role oyster farms play with nitrogen removal.
University of Utah biochemist wins JDRF grant to develop 'smart' insulin
A University of Utah biochemist is one of four researchers worldwide to receive a grant from the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF) and the pharmaceutical company Sanofi US Services Inc. to develop glucose-responsive insulin.
Digital fitness devices help patients monitor health and activity, improve outcomes
A digital fitness device, technology already owned by 1 in 10 Americans, provides a unique opportunity for patients to monitor their activity levels, medication use, weight, sleep patterns, rehabilitation progress, and other personal health data, ultimately empowering them to improve clinical outcomes, according to a study presented today at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Graphene slides smoothly across gold
Graphene, a modified form of carbon, offers versatile potential for use in coating machine components and in the field of electronic switches.
Remote orthopaedic care may successfully, cost-effectively treat common conditions
Orthopaedic care for patients living in remote areas may be managed through phone or email, allowing patients to receive treatment without traveling to a larger, urban hospital for care, according to a study presented today at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS).
Oxford University Press launches new journal, Biology Methods & Protocols
Oxford University Press (OUP) is pleased to announce the launch of a new open access journal, Biology Methods & Protocols.
New insights reported about the Angelina Jolie gene
New research from the Cancer Therapy & Research Center at the UT Health Science Center at San Antonio reveals another function of the breast cancer susceptibility gene BRCA1.
Registration and abstract submission open for IASLC's 2016 World Conference on Lung Cancer
Registration and abstract submission is now open for the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer's 17th World Conference on Lung Cancer (WCLC) set for Dec.
Technological breakthrough for cheaper lighting and flexible solar cells
In more than three years of work European scientists finally made future lighting technology ready to market.
New national initiative to preserve the future of horticulture
Today, Longwood Gardens and the American Society for Horticultural Science announced the launch of Seed Your Future - Promoting Horticulture in the United States.
Rare respiratory disease gene carriers actually have increased lung function
New research has revealed the healthy carriers of a gene that causes a rare respiratory disease are taller and larger than average, with greater respiratory capacity.
Big and small numbers are processed in different sides of the brain
Big and small numbers are processed in different sides of the brain.
SIR 2016: Presenting breakthrough treatments that improve lives
You are invited to attend the Society of Interventional Radiology's (SIR's) Annual Scientific Meeting, the world's most comprehensive meeting dedicated to education and research that directly benefits patients with innovative, image-guided, minimally invasive medicine.
Zika linked to abnormal pregnancies, fetal death, new research finds
New research presents strong evidence that the Zika virus can indeed cause a range of abnormalities in pregnant women infected with the virus -- with the effects manifesting any time during pregnancy.
The ancient rotation of the Iberian Peninsula left a magnetic trace
The volcanic rock found in the south of Leon (Spain) experienced a rotation of almost 60º 300 million years ago, an example of what could have occurred across the entire Iberian Peninsula.
UChicago Medicine and Chicago Lakeshore Hospital to form psychiatry teaching affiliation
University of Chicago Medicine and Chicago Lakeshore Hospital are forming a new collaboration that advances psychiatric teaching programs and provides comprehensive clinical educational experience for UChicago Medicine residents and medical students, while simultaneously enhancing care for both organizations' patients.
Building a better mouse trap, from the atoms up
For most of human history, the discovery of new materials has been a crapshoot.
'Bending current' opens up the way for a new type of magnetic memory
Use your computer without the need to start it up: a new type of magnetic memory makes it possible.
Cornell opens $25 million NSF platform for discovering new materials
Cornell University is leading an effort that will empower scientists, engineers and entrepreneurs throughout the nation to design and create new interface materials -- materials that do not exist in nature and possess unprecedented properties -- thanks to a $25 million grant from the National Science Foundation.
Lasers, polar ice and satellites: Navy S&T spotlighted in new issue of Future Force
How will military leaders use (and defend against) laser weapons on future battlefields?
Protection against peanut allergy by early consumption persists after 1 year of avoidance
Peanut allergy prevention achieved from early peanut consumption in at-risk infants persists after a one-year period of avoiding peanut.
Antidepressant use begins years before Alzheimer's diagnosis
Antidepressants are frequently initiated in persons with Alzheimer's disease already before the diagnosis, shows a recent study from the University of Eastern Finland.
Latin dancing may have health benefits for older adults
A Latin dance program was more effective than health education alone in boosting older Latinos' physical fitness.
Fungal pathogen sheds gene silencing machinery and becomes more dangerous
For more than a decade, a rare but potentially deadly fungus called Cryptococcus deuterogatti has taken up residence in the Pacific Northwest and Vancouver Island.
Understanding differences within species is critical to conservation efforts
A new study published in the journal Ecological Applications shows that differences within a species across geographically distinct ranges should be taken into account during conservation planning as the climate changes.
New study looks at efficacy of self-guided and accelerated post-surgical therapy programs
Research presented at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons challenges two common rehabilitation standards: physical therapy following total hip replacement at an outpatient facility, and gradual movement of the quadriceps tendon following total knee replacement surgery.
NIST invents fleet and fast test for nanomanufacturing quality control
Manufacturers may soon have a speedy and nondestructive way to test a wide array of materials under real-world conditions, thanks to an advance from NIST researchers.
Dr. Costa of Kessler Foundation receives Switzer Research Fellowship for MS research
Silvana L. Costa, Ph.D., a Hearst Fellow at Kessler Foundation has been awarded a Switzer Research Fellowship by the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research.
IVF, often cited for high twin birth rate, could reduce it
The US has reached a record-high rate of twin births, and the use of in vitro fertilization is part of the reason.
New study shows bias toward adopting children of certain ethnic, racial backgrounds
As America continues to adopt more children internationally than any other country, hundreds of thousands of children in the US -- most of whom are children of color -- sit in foster care awaiting adoption.
Scientists develop very early stage human embryonic stem cell lines for first time
Scientists at the University of Cambridge have for the first time shown that it is possible to derive from a human embryo so-called 'naïve' pluripotent stem cells -- one of the most flexible types of stem cell, which can develop into all human tissue other than the placenta.
Dementia care at home: Raising knowledge and confidence to improve quality and decrease costs
NYU Hartford researchers recently developed the Dementia Symptom Management at Home (DSM-H) program to help home healthcare agencies to improve the quality of care they provide to patients living with dementia (PLWD) and reduce caregiver stress and burnout.
New placenta model could reveal how birth defect-causing infections cross from mom to baby
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh and Magee-Womens Research Institute have devised a cell-based model of the human placenta that could help explain how pathogens that cause birth defects cross from mother to unborn child.
Sec Tom Vilsack' USDA working to incentivize biomass feedstock development & strengthen supply chain
Tom Vilsack, Secretary of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), views the agriculturally-based bioindustries sector as one of the transformational components of an American economy with a greater emphasis on manufacturing and production, and as an opportunity to address climate change in a creative and innovative way.
'Black death' offers clues to battling HIV and hepatitis C centuries later
The Black Death swept Europe in the 14th century eliminating up to half of the population but it left genetic clues that now may aid a University of Cincinnati researcher in treating HIV patients co-infected with hepatitis C using an anti-retroviral drug therapy.
Eating peanut in early years helps reduce risk of allergy even with later abstinence
The early introduction of peanut to the diets of infants at high-risk of developing peanut allergy significantly reduces the risk of peanut allergy until 6 years of age, even if they stop eating peanut around the age of five, according to a new study led by King's College London.
First code of conduct for the use of virtual reality established
Researchers from Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in Germany have prepared a list of ethical concerns that might arise with the use of virtual reality by researchers and the general public.
Biomarker tests for molecularly targeted therapies need better evidence, oversight
Potentially useful biomarker tests for molecularly targeted therapies are not being adopted appropriately into clinical practice because of a lack of common evidentiary standards necessary for regulatory, reimbursement, and treatment decisions, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.
Moffitt Cancer Center researchers target specific protein associated with poor survival and treatment
Glioblastoma multiformeis a highly aggressive brain tumor with low survival rates, with newly diagnosed patients surviving a median of 14 months and recurrent patients surviving a median of only 3 to 9 months.
How does corporate social responsibilty impact firm performance
Corporate social responsibility, or CSR -- a name for the actions companies take to advance social good, above and beyond that which is required by law -- continues to draw interest from practitioners and academics alike.
Likely biological link found between Zika virus, microcephaly
Working with lab-grown human stem cells, a team of researchers suspect they have discovered how the Zika virus probably causes microcephaly in fetuses.
A case exemplar for national policy leadership: Expanding PACE program
PACE is a viable and sustainable model of community-based long-term care that provides coordinated and comprehensive services with an interdisciplinary patient-centered team model that is paid for through Medicare, Medicaid, and other insurers.
Florida State University researchers make Zika virus breakthrough
Florida State University researchers have made a major breakthrough in the quest to learn whether the Zika virus is linked to birth defects with the discovery that the virus is directly targeting brain development cells and stunting their growth.

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