Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 07, 2016
Technology to analyze customer behavior in stores
Proximus, a start-up in the Vivero de Empresas del Parque Científico de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, has developed technology for creating a map of how we shop in the supermarket thanks to a chip that is built into shopping carts and baskets.

Big data project aims to make breathing easier by mapping air quality
Heavy city traffic contributes significantly to air pollution and health problems such as asthma, but University of Texas at Dallas researchers think another kind of traffic -- data traffic -- might help citizens better cope with pollution.

What should medical researchers study next? You can help decide
If you wish scientists would figure out a solution for a medical problem you face, or find answers for a loved one who struggles with a health condition, here's your chance.

Mercury's mysterious 'darkness' revealed
Scientists have long been puzzled by Mercury's very dark surface.

New drug class offers potential new treatment for lethal bacteria
A new class of drugs has shown promise for treating the bacteria that cause legionnaires' disease, a potentially fatal lung infection.

The expansion of the universe simulated
The universe is constantly expanding. But how does our universe evolve?

VCU scientists work to bring about a new treatment for rare childhood cancer
Neuroblastoma is a rare cancer that develops in very early forms of nerve cells in the embryo or fetus, and it accounts for the most pediatric deaths for any tumor outside of the brain.

Comprehensive field guide to New England wild flowers is published by Timber Press
'Wildflowers of New England' is the first comprehensive, up to date wildflower guide focused entirely on New England.

Lung cancer screening: New Canadian guideline
Adults aged 55-74 years who are at high risk of lung cancer -- current or former smokers (i.e., have quit within the past 15 years) with at least a 30 pack-year history or more -- should be screened annually up to three times using low-dose computed tomography (CT), according to a new guideline from the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Scaling up tissue engineering
A team at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University and the Harvard John A.

Penn professor urges physicians to help victims of torture seeking asylum
Refugees seeking asylum in the United States are twice as likely to be granted protection if their application is supported by medical documentation of torture, writes Jules Lipoff, MD, an assistant professor of Clinical Dermatology at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and two colleagues in the March 7, 2016 issue of JAMA Internal Medicine.

High white blood cell ratio linked to recurrence risk in early stage breast cancer
A high ratio of two types of immune system cell is linked to an increased risk of disease recurrence after a diagnosis of early stage breast cancer, finds the first study of its kind, published on the eve of international Women's Day (March 8) in the online journal ESMO Open.

NASA analyzes US Pacific Northwestern storm system
During this season of El Nino influenced Pacific storms, NASA has been analyzing the storms that brought rain and snow to the US West Coast.

Molecular-level relationships key to deciphering ocean carbon
A vast numbers of chemical compounds work together to reduce and store atmospheric carbon in the world's oceans.

'Female traders can reduce market crashes', says University of Leicester research
University of Leicester research shows that increasing the proportion of female traders can reduce the occurrence of the most extreme crashes

Spider toxin analogue may help relieve pain
New research suggests that a compound based on a spider toxin may be effective for treating pain.

Current treatment options for SLE published by Dove Medical Press
Hydroxychloroquine use remains the first line agent in the treatment of SLE and evidence continues to accumulate attesting to its benefits in improving morbidity and mortality.

Two percent of US employees go to work each week despite being sick
Each week, up to three million US employees go to work sick, with roughly half of these incidents due to a lack of paid leave coverage.

Cystic Fibrosis Trust announces £750,000 investment in Exeter-based research center
The ground-breaking research center, which comprises an international team of experts led by the University of Exeter. was announced on Saturday, March 5, 2016.

Immunology meets single-cell sequencing
A new single-cell genomics method helps determine T-cell receptor sequences and extrapolate their response to disease.

Study suggests impact of climate change on agriculture may be underestimated
Studies of how climate change might affect agriculture generally look only at crop yields -- the amount of product harvested from a given unit of land.

NASA's James Webb Space Telescope secondary mirror installed
The sole secondary mirror that will fly aboard NASA's James Webb Space Telescope was installed onto the telescope at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, on March 3, 2016.

New therapeutic target in myeloma discovered
A new study by researchers at the Tisch Cancer Institute at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai has shown that targeting both CDK4 and ARK5, proteins responsible for maintaining energy balance within the cell, was extremely effective in causing cell death in myeloma,

Too many avoidable errors in patient care, says report
Avoidable harm to patients is still too high in healthcare in the UK and across the globe -- making safety a top healthcare priority for providers and policy makers alike.

Research awards seen as milestone for Clemson University engineering and science
The College of Engineering and Science announced Monday that Feng Ding, Rachel Getman and Brandon Ross have won prestigious awards from the National Science Foundation, while Joseph Scott and Yue 'Sophie' Wang have won top awards from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research.

Skin cancer: To each tumor its particularities, to each tumor its treatment
90 percent of the population are at risk to develop a skin cancer, called basal cell carcinoma, one day.

'Person-on-a-chip': U of T engineers grow 3-D heart, liver tissues for better drug testing
Researchers at U of T Engineering have developed a new way of growing realistic human tissues outside the body.

Could cutting urban blight reduce teen murders?
Analyzing the immediate neighborhood surroundings of teenaged homicide victims, Philadelphia researchers found that neglected conditions -- vacant lots, poor street lighting, fewer parks and less-traveled thoroughfares --were in much greater abundance compared to neighborhoods where adolescents were safer.

Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy may increase risk of MS in children
Children of mothers with vitamin D deficiency during early pregnancy appeared to be at greater risk for multiple sclerosis (MS) in adulthood, according to an article published online by JAMA Neurology.

Trust your aha! moments, experiments show they're probably right
A series of experiments showed that sudden insight may yield more correct solutions than using gradual, methodical thinking.

Study: Cancer cells eat their neighbors' 'words'
Cancer cells are well-known as voracious energy consumers, but even veteran cancer-metabolism researcher Deepak Nagrath was surprised by their latest exploit: Experiments in his lab at Rice University show that some cancer cells get 30-60 percent of their fuel from eating their neighbors' 'words.'

Predicting avoidable 30-day readmissions
In an international, multicenter study researchers have found that the HOSPITAL score, an acronym created to identify the variables associated with hospital readmissions, successfully predicted patients at high risk of a 30-day potentially avoidable readmission.

How rivers of hot ash and gas move when a supervolcano erupts
A new study in Nature Communications sheds light on what happens when a supervolcano erupts, providing insight on how rivers of hot ash and gas called pyroclastic flows manage to travel huge distances of over 100 miles during supereruptions.

Public corruption by officials may not be as rampant as reported
Shaped by sensational media coverage of high officials, the public's general perception of corruption in the US is that it is on the rise.

Bid to beat baby chest infection boosted by immune study
Babies at risk of a serious lung infection could be helped by a therapy based on the body's natural immune defenses.

Catholic schools that fail to serve fast-growing Hispanic population put futures at risk
While the influence of Hispanic families on the US Catholic Church continues to grow, a relatively small percentage of Hispanic children attend Catholic schools.

How cancer cells fuel their growth
MIT scientists surprised to find that amino acids, not sugar, supply most building blocks for tumor cells.

The brain's gardeners: Immune cells 'prune' connections between neurons
A new study out today shows that cells normally associated with protecting the brain from infection and injury also serve an important role in rewiring the connections between nerve cells.

Healthy lifestyle advice provides long-term benefits
In a recently published study, providing advice over a five-year period about leading a healthy lifestyle reduced the risk of heart-related deaths over the next 40 years.

Faults control the amount of water into the Earth during continental breakup
New light has been shed on the processes by which ocean water enters the solid Earth during continental breakup.

New York harbor's oyster beds once protected against severe storm and extreme wave damage
A recent study of past disturbance of the oyster beds in New York Harbor led by geoscientist Jonathan Woodruff and his doctoral student Christine Brandon of the University of Massachusetts Amherst is the first to link Europeans' overharvesting and disturbance of the ancient shellfish beds to loss of natural coastal defenses against floods and storm waves.

Potential Western Atlantic spawning area found for Atlantic bluefin tuna
Scientists from NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA Fisheries) and the University of Massachusetts Boston have found evidence of Atlantic bluefin tuna spawning activity off the northeastern United States in an area of open ocean south of New England and east of the Mid-Atlantic states called the Slope Sea.

New mothers with postpartum psychiatric disorders face increased risk of suicide: Study
New mothers who suffer from depression and other psychiatric disorders face a heightened risk of taking their own lives during the first year after they give birth, a new study shows.

Shark babies remain strong in future acidic oceans
An Australian study published today has found that certain baby sharks are able to cope with the level of ocean acidification predicted for the end of this century.

Some medications increase risk of blood vessel constriction in extremities
A recent review of the medical literature has identified 12 classes of drugs and four main pathophysiological mechanisms that can cause a side effect whereby small arteries that supply blood to the skin constrict in response to cold, limiting blood supply.

Huntington's disease gene dispensable in adult mice
Adult mice don't need the gene that, when mutated in humans, causes the inherited neurodegenerative disorder Huntington's disease.

Teen girls see big drop in chemical exposure with switch in cosmetics
Even a short break from certain kinds of makeup, shampoos and lotions can lead to a significant drop in levels of hormone-disrupting chemicals in the body, according to a new study led by UC Berkeley researchers.

Giant reed is a photosynthetic outlier, study finds
Arundo donax, a giant reed that grows in the Mediterranean climate zones of the world, isn't like other prolific warm-weather grasses, researchers report.

Treeing it up: Research team documents design of wood-based polymers
The University of Delaware's Thomas Epps, III, and co-authors recently demonstrated the design of softwood lignin-based polymers with potential application as alternatives to petroleum-based polystyrene.

A toxic byproduct of hemoglobin could provide treatments for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
Scientists at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have identified a novel mechanism that could be used to protect the brain from damage due to stroke and a variety of neurodegenerative conditions, including sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease.

Big data for text: Next-generation text understanding and analysis
News portals and social media are rich information sources, for example for predicting stock market trends.

Down the drain: Here's why we should use rainwater to flush toilets
Research by a team of Drexel University environmental engineers indicates that it rains enough in Philadelphia, New York, Seattle and Chicago that if homeowners had a way to collect and store the rain falling on their roofs, they could flush their toilets often without having to use a drop of municipal water.

'Me-search': U-M students analyze their own biological samples to study how microbes affect human he
A 'me-search' lab for University of Michigan biology undergraduates gives students a close look at what might be the most compelling study subject of all: themselves.

Even plant-supporting soil fungi affected by global warming, UCI study finds
On a cool, fog-shrouded mountain of Costa Rica, University of California, Irvine biologist Caitlin Looby is finding that warming temperatures are becoming an increasing problem for one of the most ecologically diverse places on Earth.

Book examines commodification of feelings, love in Tokyo's host clubs
In the decades after Japan's prosperous Bubble economy burst, the male hosting phenomenon has taken off.

AI crossword-solving application could make machines better at understanding language
A web-based machine language system solves crossword puzzles far better than commercially-available products, and may help machines better understand language.

Shipwrecks, tree rings reveal Caribbean hurricanes in buccaneer era
Records of Spanish shipwrecks combined with tree-ring records show the period 1645 to 1715 had the fewest Caribbean hurricanes since 1500, according to new University of Arizona-led research.

'Thinking and feeling'
UCSB psychologists studying empathy in couples find that compassion is key to responsiveness; understanding alone isn't enough.

Urinary tract infection: How bacteria nestle in
Eighty percent of bladder infections are caused by the intestinal bacterium E. coli.

Advocates call on all candidates running for national office to provide detailed plans on advancing research and innovation
While a majority of Americans (73 percent) agree that their health has been improved thanks to research over the course of their lifetime, and 77 percent say they receive value for federal dollars spent on medical research, many are not content with the status quo.

Team finds new approach to curbing cancer cell growth
Using a new approach, scientists at The Scripps Research Institute and collaborating institutions have discovered a novel drug candidate that could be used to treat certain types of breast cancer, lung cancer and melanoma.

Hop, skip and a jump: CU-Boulder researchers reveal molecular search patterns
Like an albatross scanning for pods of squid in a vast ocean, molecules on solid surfaces move in an intermittent search pattern that provides maximum efficiency, according to new research from the University of Colorado Boulder.

Fighting food poisoning in Las Vegas with machine learning
Computer science researchers from the University of Rochester have developed an app for health departments that uses natural language processing and artificial intelligence to identify likely food poisoning hot spots.

International research team achieves controlled movement of skyrmions
A joint research project of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has achieved a breakthrough in fundamental research in the field of potential future data storage technologies.

Novel molecular processes controlling key genes in prostate cancer uncovered
Researchers at Sweden's Karolinska Institutet and the University of Oulu in Finland have elucidated gene regulatory mechanisms that can explain how known genetic variants influence prostate cancer risk.

Improving modern vaccines -- sugar polymer tails wag the protein dog
Scientists at The University of Nottingham's National Centre for Macromolecular Hydrodynamics have just published the third in a series of papers in the journal Scientific Reports looking at the hydrodynamic properties of vaccine preparations.

Scientists map roots of premeditated, violent 'intent' in animal brain
The bad intentions that often precede violence originate in a specific brain region, according to a study in mice led by researchers from NYU Langone Medical Center and published in Nature Neuroscience online March 7.

Overconfidence linked to one's view of intelligence
A Washington State University researcher has found that a person's tendency to be overconfident increases if he or she thinks intelligence is fixed and unchangeable.

Combining 2 techniques to 'rewire' the brain may improve arm and hand movement for stroke survivors
Used in combination, two innovative rehabilitation approaches can promote better long-term recovery of arm and hand movement function in stroke survivors, suggests a paper in the American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, the official journal of the Association of Academic Physiatrists.

Where prostate cancer spreads in the body affects survival time
In the largest analysis of its kind, researchers at the Duke Cancer Institute and other top cancer centers have found that the organ site where prostate cancer spreads has a direct impact on survival.

Penn team reverses signs of naturally occurring chronic periodontitis
Periodontitis, a gum disease present in nearly half of all adults in the United States, involves inflammation, bleeding and bone loss.

UVA scientists use synthetic gene and magnets to alter behavior of mice, fish
University of Virginia scientists have demonstrated that neurons in the brain that have been supplemented with a synthetic gene can be remotely manipulated by a magnetic field.

Scientists tap the smarts of mice, capture problem-solving in action
Scientists have captured unique images of problem-solving in action by tapping into the minds of mice.

Media advisory: Insect scientists to meet in Raleigh, NC
Members of the media are welcome to attend the 90th Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Branch (SEB) of the Entomological Society of America, March 13-16, 2016, in Raleigh, NC.

Promising malaria drug created at Rutgers to undergo clinical trials
Malaria killed about 440,000 people -- mostly young children -- last year, but a new drug candidate discovered at Rutgers University may help fight the long-dreaded disease.

The DZNE and Orion Corporation start strategic collaboration
The German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) and Orion Corporation, a Finnish pharmaceutical and diagnostics company, have agreed to start a strategic collaboration.

Genes influence sleep/wake timing of seizures in people with epilepsy
New research from the Epilepsy Phenome/Genome Project shows that genetics plays a role in sleep/wake timing of seizures.

This week in BMJ Case Reports: Rugby injuries, dental infection, harms of poppers
This week in BMJ Case Reports, doctors describe unusual sporting injuries in young rugby players, a man who had distorted vision after inhaling poppers, and a routine dental trip that left a patient with a potentially rare infection.

Fish populations revealed through seawater analysis
A Japanese research group has shown that measuring quantities of fish DNA in seawater can reveal how many fish inhabit that environment.

Liposomes cannot penetrate the skin
SDU researchers show once and for all that liposomes cannot function as carriers transporting active agents into the skin.

Iowa State engineers develop flexible skin that traps radar waves, cloaks objects
Iowa State engineers have developed a 'meta-skin' that uses liquid-metal technology to trap radar waves and cloak objects from detection.

Funding boost for Zika virus research
A round of funding to support research on the emerging Zika virus was announced this week by the National Institute for Health Research Health Protection Research Unit in Emerging and Zoonotic Infections at the University of Liverpool.

New evidence supports grapes' benefits to eye health
Eating grapes may help protect eye health, according to new research published in the journal Nutrition.

Neighborhood features associated with decreased odds of homicide in adolescents
Neighborhood features including street lighting, parks, public transportation and maintained vacant lots were associated with lower odds of homicide among young people ages 13 to 20, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Hospitals participating in accountable care organizations tend to be large and urban
A new study led by researchers from the The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice examines the extent and ways in which accountable care organizations involve hospitals in their operations.

Multi-scale simulations solve a plasma turbulence mystery
Cutting-edge simulations run at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center have yielded exciting answers to long-standing questions about plasma heat loss that have previously stymied efforts to predict the performance of fusion reactors.

Researchers develop miniaturized fuel cell that makes drones fly more than 1 hour
Drones are used for various applications such as aero picturing, disaster recovery, and delivering.

UT, ORNL scientists gain new insights into atomic disordering of complex metal oxides
A study led by the University of Tennessee and the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory could soon pay dividends in the development of materials with energy-related applications.

CNIO scientists have discovered a code of signals that regulates genome duplication
The balance between two modifications in proteins -- ubiquitination and SUMOylation -- regulates cellular DNA copying.

Mutated gene safeguards against heart attacks
People with a specific gene mutation have a 50 percent lower risk of suffering a heart attack.

March/April 2016 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
This tip sheet features synopses of original research and commentary published in the March/April 2016 Annals of Family Medicine research journal.

Warming up optoelectronic research
A team of physicists from the University of California, San Diego and The University of Manchester is creating tailor-made materials for cutting-edge research and perhaps a new generation of optoelectronic devices.

Zebrafish and humans have new biomedical friend in the spotted gar
The genome of a slowly evolving fish, the spotted gar, is so much like both zebrafish and humans that it can be used as a bridge species that could open a pathway to important advancements in biomedical research focused on human diseases.

Quality of life not notably better for women choosing double mastectomy
Contralateral prophylactic mastectomies were associated with slightly higher satisfaction in women's perception of how their breasts looked and felt, but primarily among women whose mastectomies were followed by reconstructive surgery.

Blood test may give early warning of skin cancer relapse
A blood test may be able to sound early warning bells that patients with advanced melanoma skin cancer are relapsing, according to a study published in the journal Cancer Discovery today.

Scientists solved the weather and wind mystery of the capsized cruise ship Oriental Star
The cruise ship Oriental Star capsized on the Yangtze River of China on June 1, 2015, leaving 442 fatalities.

Media advisory: Summit on the Aedes aegypti crisis in the Americas
Members of the media are invited to attend a one-day event on the mosquito that transmits, Zika, chikungunya, dengue, and yellow fever in Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil on March 13, 2016.

Cellular aging process unexpectedly enhances insulin secretion
New research shows that a cellular program that causes aging can also bring unexpected benefits in the function of pancreatic beta cells and the production of insulin in mice and humans.

Drug-loaded nanocarriers in tumor targeted drug delivery
Nanoparticulate delivery systems in cancer therapies provide better penetration of therapeutic and diagnostic substances with the cancerous tissue in comparison to conventional cancer therapies.

Holding mirror to docs who overprescribe addictive drugs doesn't stem prescriptions
Researchers conducted a randomized trial of informative letters aimed at suspected inappropriate prescribers of addictive substances like opioids and amphetamines.

Discovery identifies new RX target for age-rleated macular degeneration & Alzheimer's
For the first time, researchers at LSU Health New Orleans have shown that a protein critical to the body's ability to remove waste products from the brain and retina is diminished in age-related macular degeneration, after first making the discovery in an Alzheimer's disease brain.

Gambling our way against climate change
Humans have mastered the art of cooperation better than any other animal species.

N95 respirators v. surgical masks: Protecting health workers from respiratory infections
Accumulated evidence does not indicate superiority of N95 respirators over surgical masks in protecting health care workers from contracting acute respiratory infections from patients, according to a systematic review in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

New findings suggest severe tornado outbreaks are increasingly common
Tornado outbreaks, in which multiple tornadoes arise within a limited time, are incredibly damaging.

Eye cells may use math to detect motion
In a study of mice, National Institutes of Health scientists showed how one type of neuron in the eye may distinguish moving objects.

American Statistical Association releases statement on statistical significance and p-values
The 'Statement on Statistical Significance and P-Values' includes six principles underlying the proper use and interpretation of the p-value and is intended to improve the conduct and interpretation of quantitative science and inform the growing emphasis on reproducibility of science research.

Time to rethink your vegetable oil?
Risk of heart disease and diabetes may be lowered by a diet higher in a lipid found in grapeseed and other oils, but not in olive oil, a new study suggests.

Variation in medical marijuana program regulations impacts enrollment
A study published today in Health Affairs found that while 14 of the nation's 24 medical marijuana programs were essentially nonmedical in practice, they enrolled more than 99 percent of overall participants.

Children know best whether an allergy spray works for them
A recent 14-day study that compared the efficacy of an allergy spray in 304 children aged 6-11 years with seasonal allergic rhinitis showed that the result depended on who assessed symptoms: children themselves or their caregiver.

NTU bags 6 awards at Shell Eco-marathon Asia 2016
Undergraduates from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) won six awards at this year's Shell Eco-marathon Asia, an annual international race where teams from academic institutions compete on fuel efficiency and in innovation.

Plasma processing technique takes SNS accelerator to new energy highs
A novel technique known as in-situ plasma processing is helping scientists get more neutrons and better data for their experiments at the Spallation Neutron Source at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Penn researchers identify cause of insulin resistance in type 2 diabetics
A new link between high levels of certain amino acids and type 2 diabetes was found by a team led by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, using mouse and human muscle and blood samples to evaluate the mechanisms that lead to insulin resistance.

Towards the goal of precision therapy in hepatocellular carcinoma
Hepatocellular carcinoma is a highly lethal disease, therefore effective and tolerable treatment is urgently needed.

Lack of stem cells to blame for recurrent miscarriages
Scientists at the University of Warwick have discovered that a lack of stem cells in the womb lining is causing thousands of women to suffer from recurrent miscarriages.

Antibiotics use affects the abundance of resistant bacteria in soil
New investigations show that when a certain type of antibiotic is phased in, the abundance of resistant genes in soil increases.

Few studies focus on threatened mammalian species that are 'ugly'
Many Australian mammalian species of conservation significance have attracted little research effort, little recognition, and little funding, new research shows.

Non-natural biomedical polymers produced from microorganisms
A Korean research team headed by Distinguished Professor Sang Yup Lee of the Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Department at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology established a biorefinery system to create non-natural polymers from natural sources, allowing various plastics to be made in an environmentally-friendly and sustainable manner.

I'd like to thank...myself
When Leonardo DiCaprio accepted his Oscar for Best Actor in 'The Revenant' this year, he acknowledged the hard work of the movie's entire team.

Retail clinics may increase health spending, study finds
Since appearing more than a decade ago, retail clinics have promised to lower health spending by being a lower-cost alternative to physician offices and hospital emergency departments.

New study finds troubling health care outcomes for US workers without paid sick leave
There are 49 million US workers without paid sick leave, causing an even greater divide in health care disparities as well as undesirable health care outcomes.

Preemies' gut bacteria reveal vast scope of antibiotic resistance
A new study of gut bacteria in premature infants reveals the vast scope of the problem of antibiotic resistance and gives new insight into the extreme vulnerability of these young patients, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Researchers take giant step towards 'holy grail' of silicon photonics
A group of researchers from the UK, including academics from Cardiff University, has demonstrated the first practical laser that has been grown directly on a silicon substrate.

Leaf mysteries revealed through the computer's eye
A computer program that learns and can categorize leaves into large evolutionary categories such as plant families will lead to greatly improved fossil identification and a better understanding of flowering plant evolution, according to an international team of researchers.

Hashtag activism can effect real-world change
A new study from American University's Center for Media and Social Impact examines how social media fueled the biggest push for racial justice that the country has seen in decades.

Alliance for Cancer Gene Therapy announces three new grant awardees for cancer research
Alliance for Cancer Gene Therapy announces three new research grants into Leukemia/Lymphoma, Melanoma and Blood Cancers using cell, gene and immunotherapy.

Dementia plaques attack language center of brain
The recent ability to peer into the brain of living individuals with a rare type of language dementia, primary progressive aphasia, provides important insight into the beginning stages of this disease, when it is caused by a buildup of a toxic protein found in Alzheimer's disease.

Clinician communication reduced distress related to the detection of incidental nodules
A cross-sectional survey showed a quarter of patients with detected incidental pulmonary nodules experienced significant distress related to the nodule.

Blood clots pose major risks for patients undergoing bladder cancer surgery
In a study of 3,879 patients who underwent radical cystectomy to treat bladder cancer, 3.6 percent were diagnosed with a venous thromboembolism (VTE) -- which occurs when a blood clot forms in a vein, potentially breaking loose and traveling to the lung -- within one month of their surgical admission date.

Alzheimer's more versatile than previously known
Accumulation of the substance amyloid beta in the brain impairs the memory and cognitive ability in people with Alzheimer's.

Citizen scientists help NASA researchers understand auroras
Liz MacDonald at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, founded Aurorasaurus -- a citizen science project that tracks auroras through the project's website, mobile apps and Twitter.

Tufts University nutrition scientists provide updated MyPlate for older adults
Nutrition scientists from the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University in Boston with support from AARP Foundation introduce an updated MyPlate for Older Adults icon to help older adults develop and maintain healthy eating patterns.

Louisiana Tech University to host LSUHSC physiologist as part of research lecture series
Louisiana Tech University's will host a presentation by Dr. Neil Granger, the Boyd Professor and head of the Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology at LSU Health Sciences Center-Shreveport, on March 14 as part of its New Frontiers in Biomedical Research lecture series.

Surgical tools made smaller with origami to make surgery less invasive
BYU mechanical engineering professors Larry Howell and Spencer Magleby have made a name for themselves by applying the principles of origami to engineering.

Urgent need to transform key food producing regions in Africa by 2025
Agriculture in parts of sub-Saharan Africa must undergo significant transformation if it is to continue to produce key food crops, according to a new study published today in Nature Climate Change.

Global warming increases rain in world's driest areas
Global warming will increase rainfall in some of the world's driest areas over land, with not only the wet getting wetter but the dry getting wetter as well.

'Tommy John' reconstructive surgeries on the rise among young athletes
A new study found the number of 'Tommy John' surgeries to repair a pitching-related elbow injury has tripled in recent years, mainly among adolescent athletes.

Songbirds pinpoint effects of Huntington's disease
Duke University scientists have parsed the role of the Huntington's disease gene in an area of the songbird's brain responsible for complex, sequential movements.

Molecule induces lifesaving sleep in worms
Sometimes, a nematode worm just needs to take a nap.

Immune factor allows viral infections to become chronic
Many viral diseases tend to become chronic -- including infections with the HI virus.

Daily dose of antibiotics helps bacteria develop multi-drug tolerance
Antibiotics do not easily eradicate the gut bacteria Escherichia coli, as some bacteria survive treatment in a dormant state. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to