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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | March 08, 2016

Being short or overweight linked to reduced life chances
Being a short man or an overweight woman is associated with lower chances in life in areas such as education, occupation, and income, concludes a study published by The BMJ today.
Fifteen shades of photoreceptor in a butterfly's eye
The eyes of an Australasian butterfly contain a record fifteen classes of light-detecting photoreceptors, six more than any other insect and far more than necessary for color vision.
Millennials more likely than older adults to donate clothing rather than trash it
Pamela Norum, professor and interim department chair of textile and apparel management at the University of Missouri, found that younger adults from ages 18-34 are much less likely to throw old clothes and other textile waste into the garbage than older adults.
NJ State Department of Education partners with NJIT and NJ School Boards Association
The state Department of Education will partner with New Jersey Institute of Technology and the New Jersey School Boards Association to develop the 'Future Ready Schools-New Jersey' recognition program.
Breakthrough discovery honored by leading scientific organization
Van Andel Research Institute (VARI) Professor H. Eric Xu will receive the prestigious Hans Neurath Award in recognition of a 2015 discovery that could lead to the development of better, more targeted therapies for many diseases.
VIB collaborate with Oxford Nanopore Technologies on new DNA sequencing nanopore
VIB is proud to announce that the lab of Han Remaut (VIB/Vrije Universiteit Brussels) has teamed up with Oxford Nanopore Technologies for the development of nanopore sensing technology.
CU Anschutz researchers study marijuana use in pregnant mothers
Researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus are studying the detection of prenatal marijuana use in a legalized environment.
Design research can improve patient experiences of radiotherapy
Patients risk experiencing anxiety and fear when health care does not meet individual patients' needs.
Eastern US forests more vulnerable to drought than before 1800s
Over thousands of years, most forests in the eastern United States evolved with frequent fire, which promoted tree species and ecosystems that were both fire and drought resistant.
Human influence on climate dates back to 1930s, new research finds
Humans have triggered the last 16 record-breaking hot years experienced on Earth (up to 2014), with our impact on the global climate going as far back as 1937, a new study finds.
A new Pacific-Rim Trade Agreement threatens future access to medicines
This issue of PLOS Medicine includes articles on renin-angiotensin system blockers, length-of-stay in health facilities after childbirth, and a new Pacific-Rim trade agreement threatening future access to medicines.
Media advisory: USDA officials to address critical plant pest, disease detection
Dr. Sonny Ramaswamy, Director, National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), and Osama El-Lissy, Deputy Administrator, Plant Protection and Quarantine Division, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service will be key speakers at the National Meeting of the USDA's National Plant Diagnostic Network (NPDN) March 9 in Arlington, Va.
Zorro, the new Latin American fish species, takes off the mask to show its true identity
Unidentified since its discovery in 2007, a large fish species from Amazonia has failed to give out enough information about itself.
Unique optical trapping system offers way to launch high-power laser light
The researchers created the optical trap by inserting the nanospike into the hollow core fiber and launching a high-power 1,064-nanometer laser beam into the single-mode fiber.
UTSA professor receives grant to study climate change in Earth's distant past
Marina Suarez, assistant professor of geology at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has received a National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award.
A gut check for PCOS-related obesity
Modifying gut bacteria could be a treatment option for some of the symptoms associated with the widespread disease polycystic ovary syndrome, according to a recent study by San Diego State University researchers in collaboration with investigators from the University of California, San Diego.
Low-level arsenic may impact fetal growth, Dartmouth-led study finds
Fetal growth may be impacted by low levels of arsenic that pregnant women consume in drinking water and food, a Dartmouth College study finds.
Genetically modified anthocyanin-expressing citrus developed
Scientists demonstrated the stable expression of two MYB transcription factors and subsequent anthocyanin production in 'Mexican' lime (VvmybA1 cloned from the red grape 'Ruby Seedless' and Ruby cloned from the 'Moro' blood orange).
Short man or overweight woman? Your size could make you poorer
Now, in research led by the University of Exeter and published in The BMJ, scientists have used genetics to show that shorter height in men or higher body mass index (a measure of weight for a given height) in women leads to reduced chances in life, including income.
More than 2 million people co-infected with HIV and hepatitis C
An estimated 2.3 million people living with HIV are co-infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) globally, a new study by the University of Bristol and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine has found.
Diabetes treatment can reduce mammographic density
A large study of women in Denmark has found that the use of diabetes treatment decreases mammographic density, a strong risk factor for breast cancer, whereas taking insulin increases density.
Amputee feels texture with a bionic fingertip
An amputee feels rough or smooth textures in real-time -- in his phantom hand -- using an artificial fingertip connected to nerves in the arm.
UBC study: Welfare recipients seen as immoral for buying ethical products
Shoppers making ethical purchases, such as buying organic food or environmentally friendly cars, are generally seen as more virtuous -- unless they're receiving government assistance.
Time spent playing video games may have positive effects on young children
Video games are a favorite activity of children, yet its affect on their health is often perceived to be negative.
UC San Diego biophysicists discover how hydra opens its mouth
A team of biologists and physicists at UC San Diego has uncovered in detail the dynamic process that allows the multi-tentacle Hydra, a tiny freshwater animal distantly related to the sea anemone, to open and close its mouth.
Nature: KIT simulation analyzes cosmic rays
When cosmic rays hit the Earth's atmosphere, their high-energy primary particles generate an 'air shower' of secondary particles.
Sea level rise threatens larger number of people than earlier estimated
More people live close to sea coast than earlier estimated, assess researchers in a new study.
Video games improve brain connections in multiple sclerosis patients
Playing 'brain-training' video games may help improve some cognitive abilities of people with multiple sclerosis by strengthening neural connections in an important part of their brains, according to a new study.
Scientists call for a shake-up in the way we record biodiversity
Are some species under real threat of extinction or are we just not looking for them any more?
Tiny fossils tell a long(ish) story
The impact of an asteroid at the end of the Cretaceous caused mass extinctions in the oceans, as well as killing the dinosaurs on land.
New grant benefits both women and men farmers in sub-Saharan Africa
A $5 million grant to help researchers to create more inclusive and effective agricultural systems by addressing the priorities of both women and men in sub-Saharan Africa has been awarded to Cornell University, in partnership with Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda, by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
Risk of being involved in an avalanche less for smaller groups of recreationists
As winter backcountry activities increase in popularity, avalanches are a very real risk for adventurers who choose to travel off the beaten path.
Dr. Anthony James to deliver Founders' Memorial Lecture at 2016 International Congress of Entomology
Dr. Anthony A. James, a distinguished professor at the University of California, Irvine, has been selected to deliver the Founders' Memorial Award lecture at the 2016 International Congress of Entomology (ICE 2016).
2016 Protein Society Awards
The Protein Society congratulates the winners of the 2016 Protein Society Awards.
First case of acute myelitis in a patient infected with Zika virus
A first case of acute myelitis following infection with Zika virus has been reported for the first time by a research team from Inserm Unit 1127 Brain and Spinal Cord Institute (Inserm/CNRS/Sorbonne University) and neurologists at Pointe-à-Pitre University Hospital and the University of the Antilles.
Loyola study finds women suffer more neck pain than men
Women are 1.38 times more likely than men to report neck pain due to cervical degenerative disc disease, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Pain Medicine in Palm Springs, Calif.
Game apps for creative kids
Augmented creativity can encourage children towards a new-found sense of creativity, cooperation and interaction with their environment.
Cardiovascular safety of obesity treatment naltrexone-bupropion uncertain
The cardiovascular safety of the obesity treatment naltrexone-bupropion remains uncertain because of the unanticipated early termination of a trial to determine its safety, according to a study appearing in the March 8 issue of JAMA.
NASA's first wide-field soft X-ray camera is a gift that keeps giving
NASA recently selected a miniaturized version of the original X-ray camera to fly as a CubeSat mission to study Earth's magnetic cusps -- regions in the magnetic cocoon around our planet near the poles where the magnetic field lines dip down toward the ground.
Scientists find brain cells that know which end is up
People are intuitive physicists, knowing from birth how objects under the influence of gravity are likely to fall, topple or roll.
States where midwives practice independently have lower rates of cesarean deliveries
States that allow autonomous practice by certified nurse-midwives (CNMs) have a higher proportion of CNM-attended births as well as lower rates of cesarean sections, preterm births, and low birthweight infants, according to a study published today in Women's Health Issues.
Mix and match MOF
Inexpensive materials called MOFs pull gases out of air or other mixed gas streams, but fail to do so with oxygen.
IU School of Global and International Studies convening conference, 'America's Role in the World'
The School of Global and International Studies at Indiana University will convene a high-level, two-day conference March 30 and 31 at which about two dozen policy analysts, scholars, political leaders and journalists will consider the critical foreign policy issues that will face the United States' next president.
Geochemists show experimental verification of principle of detailed balance
Geochemists at Indiana University and Virginia Tech have developed and demonstrated a technique for assessing the validity of a principle that has long been important in thermodynamics and chemical kinetics but has proven resistant to experimental verification.
Everyone sees the world through their own prism
How can public opinion be influenced in favor of climate protection?
State-level immigration policies grow more common
Most states have become involved with the issue of unauthorized immigration in the past 15 years through actions such as making drivers licenses available regardless of immigration status and requiring employers to verify eligibility to work.
Doctors aren't diagnosing or treating most cases of prediabetes, UF study finds
Less than one-quarter of patients who met the criteria for prediabetes received drug or lifestyle modification treatment from their primary care physician, according to University of Florida researchers, who say the findings indicate physicians are missing opportunities for diabetes prevention.
Skin cancer teams up with Sonic the Hedgehog
An international team of scientists including researchers from the Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russia) studied what mutations are responsible for formation of the most common skin cancer type.
Domestic violence during pregnancy doubles risk of preterm birth and low birth weight
Domestic violence by a partner or ex-partner during pregnancy increases the risk of preterm birth, low birth weight and small-for-gestational-age babies, finds a study in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
How to predict pediatric post-concussion symptoms: Published in JAMA
A new study based on the largest prospective cohort of children with concussion in the world published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).
Physics students at Umeå University in a race to the moon
Students in Engineering Physics and researchers at Umeå University together with the organization Space Science Sweden have engaged in a revived race to the moon.
Many women around the world leave health facilities too soon after giving birth
A substantial proportion of women in countries around the world do not stay in health facilities for long enough after giving birth, which could result in them receiving inadequate postnatal care, according to a new study by researchers from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, published in PLOS Medicine.
Gut microbes linked to deadly intestinal disease in preemies
An imbalance of certain gut microbes appears to be the underlying cause of a frequently fatal intestinal illness in premature babies, according to new research led by Washington University School of Medicine in St.
Physical activity does not influence breast density: Protective effect against breast cancer is due to other mechanisms
Danish researchers have found no link between physical activity and breast density, and believe that the protective effect of physical activity on breast cancer must be through other mechanisms.
Violin varnish: Key to a fiddle's tone
Varnish does more than just provide a protective sheen to a violin.
APLU task force supports tech transfer for tenure & promotion in academia
Building on the results of a survey circulated to US and Canadian universities to understand current approaches for defining technology transfer activities and recognizing them as part of faculty performance assessments, a task force of the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities has made recommendations for how universities might go about taking into account the value of technology transfer and concomitant social benefits as part of tenure and promotion considerations.
Antidepressants linked to tooth implant failure, new study finds
Antidepressants, commonly used to treat anxiety, pain and other disorders, quadruple the risk of dental implant failure, according to a new pilot study by University at Buffalo researchers.
Fingolimod in multiple sclerosis: No hint of added benefit in new therapeutic indication
The fourth early benefit assessment of fingolimod shows no proof of added benefit for patients with highly active RRMS who do not respond to other treatments.
Drug-resistant genes spread through environment, not meat products
A current focus for policy-makers is to reduce antibiotic use in livestock to curb the spread of drug-resistant bugs.
Scripps Florida scientists win $2.4 million to develop new strategies to fight obesity
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have been awarded $2.4 million from the National Institutes of Health to identify the brain circuits involved in weight control and to develop novel strategies to fight obsessive eating and obesity.
System lets Web users share aspects of their browsing history
Researchers at MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory have developed a new system that allows Web users to share self-selected aspects of their online activity with their friends and the general public.
Dengue research conference joins forces to prevent mosquito-carried viral diseases
Umea University-led research on mosquito control and Dengue prevention was presented recently at an international conference held in Colombo, Sri Lanka on Feb.
Brain activity of nematodes seeking food offers new view on sleep
If you have trouble sleeping, the neurons in your brain may be firing like those in roundworms randomly seeking food in the absence of clues, says University of Oregon biologist Shawn R.
Evolutionary leap from fins to legs was surprisingly simple
New research reveals that the limbs of the earliest four-legged vertebrates, dating back more than 360 million years ago, were no more structurally diverse than the fins of their aquatic ancestors.
New study: Disparity in student loan debt between blacks and whites
Black young adults not only have substantially more student loan debt than their white counterparts (68.2 percent more) but are not nearly as protected by their parents' wealth as their white counterparts, according to a study recently published in Race and Social Problems.
New therapy could treat poor blood circulation caused by peripheral artery disease
Bioengineers and physicians at the UC San Diego have developed a potential new therapy for critical limb ischemia, a condition that causes extremely poor circulation and leads to an estimated 230,000 amputations yearly in North America and Europe alone to prevent the spread of infection and tissue death.
Shareholders rate women board members more highly than men
Companies with women on their executive and supervisory boards are valued more highly by the stock markets.
Innovative catalyst fabrication method may yield breakthrough in fuel cell development
Kyushu University researchers working on developing new fuel cells have published a novel method to fabricate highly active gold nanoparticle catalysts.
Why Hurricane Irene fizzled as it neared New Jersey in 2011
A dynamic process that cools the coastal ocean and can weaken hurricanes was discovered as Hurricane Irene made landfall in New Jersey, according to a Rutgers University-led study published today.
WSU receives $3.6 million NIH grant to increase underrepresented students in science majors
The National Institute of General Medical Sciences of the National Institutes of Health has awarded a five-year grant of more than $3.6 million that will continue to support the Initiative for Maximizing Student Development program at Wayne State University.
New discoveries on the connection between nicotine and type 2 diabetes
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have made two new discoveries with regard to the beta cells' ability to release insulin.
Surprisingly long learning curve for surgeons operating on oesophageal cancer
According to a major Swedish cohort study from researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden and Imperial College London, a surgeon who operates on oesophageal cancer must have performed 60 operations to prevent any lack of experience adversely affecting the long-term survival of the patients.
Syntax is not unique to human language
Human communication is powered by rules for combining words to generate novel meanings.
Voters prefer to be represented by extortioners
A climate game and a game theory model show that people prefer representatives who adopt an extortionate strategy in negotiations
Chew on this: Study of ancient teeth bites theory of early primate disappearance
Fifty-six million years ago, just before earth's carbon dioxide levels and average temperatures soared, many species of primitive primates went extinct in North America for reasons unclear to scientists.
How weight affects 'wait!'
Researchers at the University of Iowa have found that overweight and obese children are at greater risk for pedestrian injury.
Some assembly required to boost robot ratings
Robot makers may want to follow Ikea's strategy for customer satisfaction and give people a chance to partially assemble their new robots to ease acceptance of the devices, according to Penn State researchers.
Division of labor in social insects: All-rounders cope better with threats than specialists
A characteristic of insect societies such as ants is the way tasks are distributed among group members.
UNC School of Medicine researchers prove HIV targets tissue macrophages
Investigators in the Division of Infectious Diseases at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine have clearly demonstrated that HIV infects and reproduces in macrophages, large white blood cells found in the liver, brain and connective tissues of the body.
Leading cause of stroke in young going untreated -- and it shouldn't, study finds
The most common cause of strokes in children and young adults is sometimes left untreated, but a sweeping new study strongly suggests that is generally a mistake.
Dust grains could be remnants of stellar explosions billions of years ago
Microscopic dust particles have been found in meteoritic material on Earth, particles that were likely formed in stellar explosions that occurred long before the creation of our star, the sun.
Do gun restrictions help reduce gun deaths?
Researchers looked at the associations between firearm-related laws and firearm homicides, suicides, and unintentional injuries and deaths.
MGHfC study finds positive attitudes prevail within families of people with Down syndrome
A study from a research team led by a MassGeneral Hospital for Children physician finds that, within most families, the experience of having a member with Down syndrome is generally a positive one.
Get sleep sorted by age 5 to help children settle at school
A child who soothes themselves back to sleep from an early age adjusts to school more easily than those who don't, QUT research has found.
National Agricultural Biosecurity Center helps states improve disaster preparedness
Identifying Corrective Actions from Agricultural Response, or ICAAR, is a new tool being developed by Kansas State University's National Agricultural Biosecurity Center to help with agricultural emergency management.
Radical change projected for northern forests is rooted in past, current management
Future Forests of the Northern United States is an analysis of future forest change in the 20 states stretching from Maine to Minnesota and from Missouri to Maryland.
Effects of salinity and nutrient deficiency determined for spinach
The effects of salinity and nutrient deficiency on spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) were evaluated in sand cultures under greenhouse conditions.
People in their 60s uniquely benefit from giving advice despite fewer chances to offer it
A new study reveals that individuals in their 60s who give advice to a broad range of people tend to see their lives as especially meaningful.
Arctic Science Summit Week press program available
The press program for the 2016 Arctic Science Summit Week is now available online.
Nothing to sneeze at -- battling mucus to beat cancer
What do cancer cells and a runny nose have in common?
Researcher asks what makes a species by looking closely at lizards
Richard Glor hopes to determine the genetic basis for species differences and why these species diverged in the first place.
Electricity, heating most climate-friendly uses for natural gas
Rice University researchers have determined the most climate-friendly use of natural gas is replacement of existing coal-fired power plants and fuel-oil furnaces rather than burning it in cars and buses.
ACC: A catalyst for change in reducing the global cardiovascular disease burden
Please join the American College of Cardiology, with the support of the United States Department of Commerce's International Trade Agency, for a discussion on the ACC's global mission to advance cardiovascular health and improve patient care.
25 percent of Texans say they don't understand basic health insurance terms
Approximately 25 percent of Texans say they lack confidence in understanding some of the most basic terminology about health insurance plans, according to a new report released today by Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy and the Episcopal Health Foundation.
New insights into the functional organization of the somatosensory cortex
The cellular and molecular mechanisms by which one neuron finds specific target neurons and eventually forms functional sub networks are not fully understood.
Researchers unlock mechanisms in the brain that separate food consumption from cravings
Understanding non-homeostatic eating -- or eating that is driven more by palatability, habit and food cues -- and how it works in the brain may help neuroscientists determine how to control cravings, maintain healthier weights and promote healthier lifestyles.
Graphene makes a hit at the world's largest mobile event
The Graphene Pavilion, coordinated by ICFO and the Graphene Flagship, with the support of GSMA, was a highlight at the 2016 GSMA Mobile World Congress.
NASA's OSIRIS-REx spacecraft in thermal vacuum testing
The first US mission to collect a sample of an asteroid and return it to Earth for study is undergoing a major milestone in its environmental testing.
Chapman University researcher examines body satisfaction in national study of men
A Chapman University psychologist has just published the results of a national study examining how men feel about their bodies and their attractiveness.
Young researcher wins Mentored Clinical Scientist Research Career Development Award
Satish Nadig, M.D., Ph.D., a promising young researcher and entrepreneur at the Medical University of South Carolina, has received a prestigious award from the National Institutes of Health.
International partners join to reduce postharvest losses in sub-Saharan Africa
A JRC-initiated system estimating postharvest cereal losses in sub-Saharan Africa will be upgraded to allow for monitoring of other crops and improve postharvest management.
New breast cancer genetic mutation found in Chinese population and will help refine screening and target drug development
A genetic mutation that appears to be associated with a high breast cancer risk has been identified by researchers from Hong Kong.
Probing the relationship between brain activity and moral judgments of children
It has long been known that the foundations of morality are present in children from a very young age, and that morality matures during childhood.
Inside the mouth of a hydra
Hydra is a genus of tiny freshwater animals that catch and sting prey using a ring of tentacles.
Carnegie Mellon robotics selected for research projects totaling more than $11 million
Carnegie Mellon University's National Robotics Engineering Center has been selected as a prime contractor or subcontractor on four major new federal research projects totaling more than $11 million over the next three years.
How an artificial protein rescues dying cells
Researchers in the Hecht lab discovered the unexpected way in which a synthetic protein called SynSerB promotes the growth of cells that lack the natural SerB gene, offering insight into how life can adapt to survive and potentially be reinvented.
Special infant milk formula offers no protection against allergies or autoimmune disorders
Hydrolysed infant milk formula does not appear to protect against allergic or autoimmune disorders, suggest findings published in The BMJ today.
New scanning technology benefits diabetic eye care in national telemedicine trial
In a national clinical trial led by Joslin Diabetes Center's Beetham Eye Institute, ultrawide field (UWF) scanning technology significantly improved the ability of experts at a remote central location to identify diabetic retinopathy in a patient, and to judge whether the eye disease warranted referring the patient to an ophthalmologist for further care.
Predicting potential pharma side effects
A computer program that can predict whether or not a given pharmaceutical will have worrying side effects has been developed by researchers in the USA.
Potential bacterial indicator for serious intestinal disease in premature infants found
Scientists have discovered a microbial biomarker that may indicate which premature infants are at increased risk for developing necrotizing enterocolitis, a serious intestinal disease that affects approximately 10 percent of premature infants and commonly leads to infant death.
Increased education could help adolescents limit caffeine consumption
Caffeine is the most available and widely used psychoactive substance in the world and is the only drug legally accessible and socially acceptable for consumption by children and adolescents.
UTA researcher would transform sensor network into device with supercomputer power
Ioannis Schizas, an assistant professor in the Electrical Engineering Department, will create a sensing environment that will use many simple devices to process data that currently requires the use of a supercomputer as part of a three-year, $150,000 National Science Foundation grant.
NAI conference spotlights the innovation process
The current issue of Technology and Innovation has a special section on the 2015 NAI Conference, including articles on the discovery and commercialization of Lyrica, global patterns of innovation, the role of failure in the innovation process, and wireless health sensors for in vivo diagnostics.
Green tea and iron, bad combination
Green tea is touted for its many health benefits as a powerful antioxidant, but experiments in a laboratory mouse model of inflammatory bowel disease suggest that consuming green tea along with dietary iron may actually lessen green tea's benefits.
€1.2 million legal informatics project to simplify legal data searching
University of Huddersfield scientist Professor Grigoris Antoniou heads one of the most important elements of a multi-national research project that aims to make a major breakthrough in the burgeoning field of legal informatics.
Scientists uncover history of ancient viruses as far back as 30 million years ago
Researchers from Boston College, US, have revealed the global spread of an ancient group of retroviruses that affected about 28 of 50 modern mammals' ancestors some 15 to 30 million years ago.
Asia Pacific: What lies ahead for its business leaders?
The Chinese market crash in January 2016 made an unsettling start to the New Year.
Infant milk formula does not reduce risk of eczema and allergies, according to new study
A special type of baby formula does not reduce allergy risk -- despite previous claims to the contrary -- according to research led by Imperial College London.
For lupus patients, anti-inflammatory immune cells are maturing Into wrong cell type
One of the mysteries of lupus is why the immune cells that normally keep inflammation at bay can't seem to do their job.
Trouble sleeping? The size of your tongue and tonsils could be why
According to a new study led by UB orthodontic researcher Thikriat Al-Jewair, oversized tonsils and tongues place people at high risk for obstructive sleep apnea, a disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep due to blocked upper airways.
Bird communication: Chirping with syntax
People communicate meaning by combining words according to syntactic rules.
New nanoparticle technology to decipher structure and function of membrane proteins
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, have developed a nanoparticle technology that can be used to stabilize membrane proteins so that their structure can be studied in a lipid environment.
Health apps and the sharing of information with third parties
In a study appearing in the March 8 issue of JAMA, Sarah R.
An active social life associated with well-being in life
Staying active socially despite health-related challenges appears to help lessen the decline in well-being people often experience late in life, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.
Asparagus freezing tolerance related to rhizome traits
Three cultivars of asparagus (Asparagus officinalis), 'UC 157,' 'Jersey Giant,' and 'Guelph Millennium,' were tested for winterhardiness in Ontario, Canada.
Cell insights shed light on everyday process of renewal and repair
Scientists have gained insights into the fundamental process of cell division, by identifying key steps that ensure cells divide correctly as they undergo repair and growth.
Scientists discover a natural adhesive with biomedical applications
Chemists created a nonpermanent adhesive from a natural chemical reaction that can be used in the biomedical field.
New target could help to reduce symptoms of asthma attacks, research shows
Researchers from Universities of Leicester and Naples propose new target for the treatment of asthma.
Mount Sinai researchers report insights into blood stem cells from engineered stem cells
Building upon previous work, researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have identified a precursor cell in the placenta and embryo of mice that can be matured in the lab to make hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells
Small cuts, big outcomes
A move by The Ottawa Hospital to promote less invasive surgeries for women with severe gynecological problems has sped up patient recovery, led to fewer complications and saved the hospital money, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada.
Slower evolution and climate change drove ichthyosaurs to extinction
Ichthyosaurs -- shark-like marine reptiles from the time of dinosaurs -- were driven to extinction by intense climate change and their own failure to evolve quickly enough, according to new research by an international team of scientists.
Assessment tool may help predict risk of persistent postconcussion symptoms among children
A clinical risk score developed among children presenting to an emergency department with a concussion was significantly better than physician judgment in predicting future persistent postconcussion symptoms, according to a study appearing in the March 8 issue of JAMA.
Findings do not support use of vitamin D to reduce pain from knee osteoarthritis
Vitamin D supplementation for individuals with knee osteoarthritis and low 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels did not reduce knee pain or slow cartilage loss, according to a study appearing in the March 8 issue of JAMA.
Family technology rules: What kids expect of parents
A new study on family technology rules is among the first to explore children's expectations for parents' technology use -- revealing kids' feelings about fairness and 'oversharing' and the most effective types of household technology rules.

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