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Science News and Current Events for March 09, 2016


Child care providers need more education, training on benefits of breastfeeding, human milk
A Penn Nursing research team investigated individual child care centers' attitudes and policies related to breastfeeding in two distinct areas in Philadelphia.
Researchers build molecule that could significantly reduce brain damage in stroke victims
University of Nebraska-Lincoln chemists partnered with medical researchers from the National University of Singapore to develop a molecule that can inhibit an enzyme linked with stroke onset.
Austin's urban forest
The US Forest Service recently published its first urban forest assessment -- providing details on the composition and health of the Austin, Texas urban forest, and documenting the contributions trees make to the environment, economy and the well-being of the community's residents.
Risks less likely to be reported by public-health researchers paid by industry or military
Scientists looking for environmental and occupational health risks are less likely to find them if they have a financial tie to firms that make, use, or dispose of industrial and commercial products, a University of Illinois at Chicago researcher has found.
Research identifies first step in design of new anti-cancer drugs
New research has identified a first step in the design of a new generation of anti-cancer drugs that include an agent to inhibit resistance to their effectiveness.
Atomic vibrations in nanomaterials
Researchers at ETH have shown for the first time what happens to atomic vibrations when materials are nanosized and how this knowledge can be used to systematically engineer nanomaterials for different applications.
Is educational neuroscience a waste of money?
Educational neuroscience has little to offer schools or children's education, according to new research from the University of Bristol, UK.
Dark matter satellites trigger massive birth of stars
Laura Sales, an assistant professor at the University of California, Riverside's Department of Physics and Astronomy, collaborated with Tjitske Starkenburg and Amina Helmi, both of the Kapteyn Astronomical Institute in The Netherlands, to present a novel analysis of computer simulations, based on theoretical models, that study the interaction of a dwarf galaxy with a dark satellite.
Greenhouse gas 'bookkeeping' turned on its head
For the first time scientists have looked at the net balance of the three major greenhouse gases -- carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide -- for every region of Earth's landmasses.
Compounds restore antibiotics' efficacy against MRSA
Antibiotics rendered useless by the notorious methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, (MRSA) may get a second life, thanks to compounds that can restore the bug's susceptibility to antibiotics, according to a new study in mice.
Victims of violence stop breastfeeding sooner
One in four women who have been victims of violence as adults are at risk of stopping breastfeeding before their baby is four months old.
Protected Majorana states for quantum information
Quantum technology has the potential to revolutionize computation, cryptography, and simulation of quantum systems.
Physical activity encouraged more in boys than in girls
School and family influences on physical activity may be stronger in boys than in girls in Australia, according to a study published March 9, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Rohan Telford from the University of Canberra, Australia, and colleagues.
One-size-fits-all support services don't suit needs of younger grandmothers raising grandchildren
Younger African-American grandmothers who are the primary caregivers for their grandchildren may have different needs than older grandmothers, possibly requiring different types of support to reduce depression and improve the quality of their mental health, according to researchers at Georgia State University and Emory University.
UNIST's design school recognized worldwide
UNIST design team, led by Professor Yunwoo Jung (School of Design and Human Engineering) has again been recognized worldwide for producing high quality and cutting-edge design products.
Periorbital transplantation may be promising alternative to protect vision in facial transplant candidates
Transplantation of the periorbital tissues -- the area surrounding the eyes -- is a 'technically feasible' alternative to protect a functioning eye in some patients being considered for facial transplant, according to a study in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery--Global Open, the official open-access medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).
Study: Meditation and ballet associated with wisdom
A new study confirms the age-old conception that meditation is associated with wisdom.
Banning words on Instagram doesn't help -- it makes it worse
A new Georgia Tech study finds that Instagram's decision to ban certain words commonly used by pro-eating disorder (pro-ED) communities has produced an unintended effect.
Artemisinin combination therapy prevents malaria in pregnancy
Pregnant women can be protected from malaria, a major cause of prematurity, low birth weight and death in infants in Africa, with dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine, an artemisinin combination therapy that is already widely used to treat malaria in adults, according to a study by researchers at UC San Francisco and in Uganda.
Cheap, simple tests could improve Alzheimer's disease management at the bedside
A portable biosensor that could show how disease is progressing in patients with Alzheimer's could greatly improve people's quality of life in the future, according to a new review published in Biosensors and Bioelectronics.
Eyeing climate change, satellites provide missing information
An international team of scientists led by Professor Daniel Rosenfeld from The Hebrew University of Jerusalem found a way to measure missing critical information needed to quantify manmade responsibility for climate change.
Hooray for Hollywood robots: Movie machines may boost robot acceptance
Remembering robots from film portrayals may help ease some of the anxiety that older adults have about using a robot, according to Penn State researchers.
New report informs Social Security's process for determining if beneficiaries can manage benefits
The best indicator of whether a disabled adult who receives Social Security benefits is capable of managing his or her benefits is evidence of real-world performance of meeting his or her own basic needs, rather than an office-based assessment of financial competence, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.
Nations ranked on their vulnerability to cyberattacks
Some nations are better prepared than others to deal with damaging cyberattacks from criminals, terrorists and rogue nations.
New insights into the evaporation patterns of coffee stains
Few of us pay attention to the minutiae of coffee stains' deposition patterns.
Research to focus on chronic pain care, informed consent for patient records
An Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis researcher has been awarded $1.1 million to develop information-based tools to help primary care providers improve care for patients with chronic pain, a condition that affects 100 million Americans at a cost of $630 billion annually in health care costs and lost worker productivity.
Don't let the bad bugs win: Team seeks to outsmart C. difficile with $9.2 million effort
If you want to beat a fearsome enemy, you must first learn to think like them.
Arctic-nesting birds may struggle with climate change
Songbird nestlings in the Arctic struggle in cold, wet years, but the changes forecast by climate models may lead to even more challenging conditions, according to new research in The Auk: Ornithological Advances.
Health insights: Fighting hypertension
Two faculty members at The University of Texas at Arlington's College of Nursing and Health Innovation have won a $376,000 National Institutes of Health grant to investigate differences in vascular responses between black and other groups.
Light helps the transistor laser switch faster
Light and electrons interact in a complex dance within fiber optic devices.
Model developed to help predict risk of in-hospital death after TAVR
In a study published online by JAMA Cardiology, Fred H.
Colorado River flows reduced by warmer spring temperatures
Warmer-than-average spring temperatures reduce upper Colorado River flows more than previously recognized, reports a University of Arizona-led team.
The benefits of food processing
According to a new Harvard study, our ancestors between 2 and 3 million years ago started to spend far less time and effort chewing by adding meat to their diet and by using stone tools to process their food.
Turning to dirt as part of the climate change solution
Dirt is easy to take for granted if you're not a farmer or gardener.
HIV patients in Africa with a specific genetic variant have much lower rate of TB
In the first known discovery of its kind, a Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine-led team has found that HIV patients in Africa with a certain genetic variant have a 63-percent lower chance of developing tuberculosis than HIV patients without the genetic variant.
A step toward reducing brain damage after stroke
After suffering a stroke, about three-fourths of patients exhibit some disability.
We've got your number: Tracing the source of invasive Japanese beetles
A technique developed by Northern Arizona University researchers can help invasive pest managers make more informed decisions about how to control Japanese beetles and the extensive damage they cause.
UTHealth research: Excess heat significantly affects health of migratory workers
Hot weather is significantly associated with clinical visits among migratory farmworkers compared to other patients, according to a study by researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) published recently in the journal Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
The gut: Performing into old age
A breakthrough in basic research and the first comprehensive study on the secretory activity of the human intestine: over a period of eight years, Dr.
Maternal bacterial infections trigger abnormal proliferation of neurons in fetal brain
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have identified a mechanism that might explain the link between maternal infections during pregnancy and cognitive problems in children; findings may impact clinical care.
The Lancet: Low cost, 25 min TB-test could help reduce tuberculosis death rate among patients with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa
A low cost, easy to use, urine test to diagnose tuberculosis (TB) among patients with HIV could help reduce the TB death rate of HIV-positive patients in hospital, according to a new study published in The Lancet today.
Vanderbilt researchers identify potential antibody treatment for H7 avian flu
Researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center have isolated human antibodies against a type of bird flu that has killed more than 200 people in China since 2012 and which may pose a worldwide pandemic threat.
Small peptides attack ovarian cancer on 2 fronts, research shows
Two forms of a peptide derived from a naturally-occurring human protein can force tumors to shrink significantly in an animal model of metastatic ovarian cancer, according to a team led by researchers from Boston Children's Hospital's Vascular Biology Program, the University of Bergen and Weill Cornell Medical College.
FRAX version 3.10 released: Now with models for 58 countries and available in 32 languages
FRAX® is a major milestone in helping health professionals improve the identification of patients at high risk of fracture.
Decline of crocodile ancestors was good news for early marine turtles
Marine turtles experienced an evolutionary windfall thanks to a mass extinction of crocodyliforms around 145 million years ago, say researchers.
'Dose-dense' chemo for premenopausal breast cancer patients improves survival
Premenopausal women with breast cancer have a better chance of survival if they are given cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy closer together, every two weeks rather than every three weeks.
A child's first 8 years critical for substance abuse prevention
An online guide about interventions in early childhood that can help prevent drug use and other unhealthy behaviors was launched today by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, part of the National Institutes of Health.
Don't let youth trip you; more than 50 percent young adults fall, trip
Young adults fall more frequently than expected, and most falls occur during everyday activities such walking and talking, according to new research from Purdue University.
Dingo skull resistant to change from cross breeding with dogs, research shows
Australia's largest predator, the dingo, is resistant to one of the main threats to its survival as a species -- changes to skull shape brought about by cross breeding (hybridization) with dogs, research shows.
Bioprospecting study finds biosurfactant-producing microbes target biodiversity in Latin America
The natural biodiversity in Latin America has made it a hotspot for research and applications of biosurfactants, with Brazil leading the way in intellectual property and patents for novel processes and sustainable production methods to manufacture biosurfactants at low cost from agro-industrial waste.
Sea-level rise too big to be pumped away
Future sea-level rise is a problem probably too big to be solved even by unprecedented geo-engineering such as pumping water masses onto the Antarctic continent.
Want a younger brain? Stay in school -- and take the stairs
A new study shows that the more flights of stairs a person climbs, and the more years of school a person completes, the 'younger' their brain physically appears.
Depression, high blood pressure, other chronic conditions may be common at MS diagnosis
People newly diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) may often have other chronic health conditions as well, according to a study published in the March 9, 2016 online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
Scripps Florida study lays groundwork for potential bipolar disorder therapies
A new study by scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute has identified specific genetic variations closely associated with increased susceptibility to bipolar disorder and other conditions.
'Big data' drills down into metabolic details
Rice University bioengineers have introduced a fast computational method to model tissue-specific metabolic pathways that may help find new therapeutic targets for cancer and other diseases.
Study finds more social insects have weaker immune response, highlights role of hygiene
Research finds that among eusocial insects -- like ants, bees and termites -- the more individuals there are in a typical species colony, the weaker the species' immune response.
Real-life aliens extremely efficient at turning their hosts into new parasites
The way parasitoid wasps feed may be gruesome, but it is an extremely efficient way to exploit prey, University of Exeter research has found.
Sticky, stony and sizzling science launching to space station
NASA's commercial partner Orbital ATK plans to launch its Cygnus spacecraft into orbit on March 22, 2016 atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket for its fifth contracted resupply mission to the International Space Station.
Spotted Gar genome links humans to vertebrate ancestry
The Spotted Gar is an unusual fish whose genome sequence has been released in a recent study highlighted in Nature Genetics.
Widespread use of meldonium among elite athletes, research shows
The use of meldonium -- the substance taken by tennis star Maria Sharapova -- is widespread among elite athletes, reveals research published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.
Oxford University & Sound Pharmaceuticals collaborate on new bipolar disorder treatment
Phase two trial at Oxford University, supported by The Stanley Medical Research Institute, will test Sound Pharamceuticals' SPI-1005, an oral drug containing ebselen, as a possible alternative to lithium for treating bipolar disorder.
Work climate contributes significantly to working moms' decision to breastfeed
Breastfeeding is healthy for baby and for Mom. Research from the University of Houston finds there are obstacles to both receiving the full benefits.
Tiny hummingbirds' incredible migration
Tiny Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are capable of flying more than 2,000 kilometers without a break, according to a new paper in The Auk: Ornithological Advances.
Stem cells regenerate human lens after cataract surgery, restoring vision
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Shiley Eye Institute, with colleagues in China, have developed a new, regenerative medicine approach to remove congenital cataracts in infants, permitting remaining stem cells to regrow functional lenses.
New laser-based aircraft tracking system could aid disaster relief efforts
A ground-breaking tracking system called HYPERION based on eye-safe lasers could enable aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and even orbiting satellites to transmit vital data to ground stations more securely, quickly and efficiently.
ASRC professor leads study on reconfigurable magnetic nanopatterns
A team of international scientists led by researchers of the CUNY Advanced Science Research Center (ASRC) and the Politecnico of Milan in Italy has demonstrated a novel approach for designing fully reconfigurable magnetic nanopatterns whose properties and functionality can be programmed and reprogrammed on-demand.
How to make porous materials dry faster
Water in, water out: such is the cycle of porous material.
CWRU researcher to turn plant virus shells against human cancers
A Case Western Reserve University researcher has been awarded more than $3 million in federal and foundation grants to turn common plant viruses into cancer sleuths and search-and-destroy emissaries.
New staffing model reveals unintended consequences in public mental health clinics
Community mental health clinics have been relying more on independent contractors to treat patients, largely for budgetary reasons.
Researchers at the University of Bonn boost fat-burning
The number of overweight people is increasing worldwide -- and thus the risk of developing diabetes or cardiovascular disease.
Imaging advance may bring earlier disease detection
Scientists at the University of Edinburgh have devised a technique for visualizing tissues that could aid diagnosis and treatment of diseases including cancer.
Former CDC director to give keynote address at vaccine conference in Haiti
Julie Gerberding, M.D., M.P.H., executive vice president of Strategic Communications, Global Public Policy and Population Health at Merck & Co. and former director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, will give the keynote address at a scientific conference hosted by the Global Health Initiative at Henry Ford Health System and Haiti's Ministry of Health.
Self-harming youngsters put at risk by 'cycle of shame'
The research, published in the British Journal of Psychiatry and supported by NIHR Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care South West Peninsula, shows that young people who self-harm avoid Accident and Emergency departments wherever possible.
UTA alums receive NSF small-business grant to spur K-12 STEM interest through technology
A team of UTA engineering and business school graduates is designing a hands-on, reconfigurable Build-Teach-Play Robots package to stimulate STEM learning in kindergarten through 12th grades.
Can mindful eating help lower risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease?
Given the high stress levels, extended periods of screen time and regular social outings many Americans experience day-to-day in environments where high-calorie foods are readily available, it can be easy to fall into the habit of mindless eating -- where we're too distracted to pay attention to how much, what and why we're eating.
Asian-American engineer at Sandia receives national honor
Sandia National Laboratories engineer Tian Ma, whose research helps deter nuclear proliferation, is the 2016 Most Promising Asian American Engineer of the Year (AAEOY).
VTT: Bilberries to increase our dietary fiber intake
Bilberries -- a unique part of the Nordic diet -- could be utilized in higher amounts in food products to increase our dietary fiber intake.
Full dose radiotherapy to whole breast may not be needed in early breast cancer
Five years after breast-conserving surgery, radiotherapy focused around the tumor bed is as good at preventing recurrence as irradiating the whole breast, with fewer side effects, researchers from the UK have found in the large IMPORT LOW trial.
Chinese stock market participation low, long-term investment planning needed
Rui Yao, an associate professor of personal financial planning, has found that only 32 percent of Chinese households have any kind of stocks, bonds or mutual funds, and only about half have a long-term financial plan.
Smart clothing of the future will automatically adjust itself
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd has developed new technology that takes care of the thermal, moisture and flow-technical behavior of smart clothing.
Plant pathologist awarded nearly $2 million
Hailing Jin, a University of California, Riverside professor of plant pathology and microbiology, recently received two grants totaling $1.95 million to study molecular regulatory mechanisms of plant immunity and pathogen virulence, which will help with disease control and to ensure the quality and quantity of agricultural food production.
Lifesaving device for pneumothorax cuts chest-tube insertion time to seconds
A recent wave of stabbing attacks that left dozens of Israeli civilians dead or wounded showed the need for an alternative solution for treating pneumothorax, a medical emergency that results in suffocation.
Researchers optimize methods to study neurons during motor activity
Researchers have optimized the techniques for studying motor learning in order to repeatedly assess the activity of neurons for days, weeks, or even months.
Gene protects against toxic byproducts of photosynthesis, helping plants to 'breathe'
A Japanese research team have discovered that a certain gene within plants suppresses the toxic molecules formed as byproducts of photosynthesis.
Scientist at MDI Biological Laboratory identifies mechanism to regenerate heart tissue
The MDI Biological Laboratory has announced new discoveries about the mechanisms underlying the regeneration of heart tissue by Assistant Professor Voot P.
New treatment regimen cuts severity of drug-resistant malaria in pregnancy
A two-drug preventive treatment greatly reduces the severity of malaria during pregnancy, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health.
Introducing the five new 'Drowned Apostles'
Australia's iconic tourist attraction, the Twelve Apostles, has received an unlikely boost in numbers with the discovery of five extra limestone columns hidden way below the water.
The turbot: The first vertebrate to be sequenced in Spain
The first vertebrate to be genetically sequenced in Spain, the Turbot (Scophthalmus maximus), has a much more highly developed sense of sight than other fish, since it has evolved in order to adapt itself to the lack of light on the sea bed.
Incidence, risk factors for intracranial bleeding in older adults newly prescribed warfarin
John A. Dodson, M.D., M.P.H., of the New York University School of Medicine, and colleagues conducted a study that included 31,951 US veterans with atrial fibrillation, 75 years or older, who were new referrals to Veterans Affairs anticoagulation clinics (for warfarin therapy) between 2002 and 2012.
Gamers don't notice the ads when they're busy killing
When people playing violent video games focus on killing and maiming, they don't often remember the corporate brands they see along the way.
New intervention program reduces bullying in early childhood
Physical and relational bullying can happen among children as young as 3- to 5-years-old, but the results of a new study suggest that a relatively short intervention program recently developed by researchers at the University at Buffalo can lead to significant reductions in some of these behaviors.
Chinese exercises may improve cardiovascular health
Traditional Chinese exercises such as Tai Chi may lower blood pressure, improve cholesterol levels and quality of life and depression in patients living with heart disease and stroke.
All we are is dust in the interstellar wind
Cosmic dust is not simply something to sweep under the rug and forget about.
Combining two imaging technologies may better identify dangerous coronary plaques
Combing optical coherence tomography with near-infrared autofluorescence imaging may more accurately identify coronary artery plaques that are most likely to rupture and cause a heart attack.
Nicotine vaccine delays the drug's effects in mice
Many people who smoke want to quit, but the urge to light up is often irresistible.
How to get a handle on potential risks posed by fracking fluids
The latest skirmishes over hydraulic fracturing in Florida and California are, at their core, about water.
Being bullied does not lead to higher substance abuse
The research by three criminologists in UT Dallas' School of Economic, Political and Policy Sciences discovered that students who were bullied in third grade did not have a greater risk of using drugs or alcohol by ninth grade.
With Boxmate malicious programs have no place left to hide
By preventing unexpected behavior changes, the 'Boxmate' approach defends existing embedded systems, mobile devices, and even servers against known and as-yet unknown forms of attack.
Virtual time machine of Earth's geology now in the cloud
Cloud-based virtual globes developed by a team led by University of Sydney geologists mean anyone with a smartphone, laptop or computer can now visualize, with unprecedented speed and ease of use, how the Earth evolved geologically.
Study seeks to reduce pediatric HIV infection rates in Africa
Mother-to-child transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS, is still a major problem in resource-limited, rural areas of the world where health care providers are scarce.
Children born prematurely are disadvantaged at school and into adulthood but delaying school entry may not be the answer
Children born before 34 weeks gestation have poorer reading and maths skills than those born at full term, and the difficulties they experience at school continue to have effects into adulthood: by the age of 42, adults who were born prematurely have lower incomes and are less likely to own their own home than those born at full term.
Changes in heart activity may signal epilepsy
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have found that the parasympathetic nervous system modulates breathing and slows the heart rate of sleeping children with epilepsy substantially more than in healthy children.
Early childhood offers opportunity to head off metabolic syndrome, obesity
LSU Health New Orleans research has found that exposure to poverty does not produce metabolic and inflammatory biomarkers in young, healthy children and identifies childhood as an opportunity to prevent a known association in adults between poverty and the metabolic syndrome.
'Ultra-processed' foods make up more than half of all calories in US diet
'Ultra-processed' foods make up more than half of all calories consumed in the US diet, and contribute nearly 90 percent of all added sugar intake, finds research published in the online journal BMJ Open.
Delivery strategies of chemotherapy to the central nervous system
The blood-brain barrier and the blood-tumor barrier remain great obstacles to the drug delivery to brain tumors.
Suffering warthogs seek out nit-picking mongooses for relief
Warthogs living in Uganda have learned to rid themselves of annoying ticks by seeking out the grooming services of some accommodating neighbors: a group of mongooses looking for snacks.
Mass. General research team identifies key step in process of Shigella infection
Researchers from the Massachusetts General Hospital Division of Infectious Diseases have discovered a key mechanism used by Shigella to delivery proteins into target host cells.
OUP publishes free article collection about Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant disaster
March 11, 2016, marks five years since the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant disaster.
Illegal pet trade in Madagascar may threaten conservation and survival of endangered lemur species
New research indicates that almost one-third of all lemur species are kept as illegal pets throughout Madagascar.
Vision restored in rabbits following stem cell transplantation
Scientists have demonstrated a method for generating several key types of eye tissue from human stem cells in a way that mirrors whole eye development.
Stanford scientists make renewable plastic from carbon dioxide and plants
Stanford scientists have discovered a novel way to make plastic from carbon dioxide (CO2) and inedible plant material, such as agricultural waste and grasses.
Quebeckers' sexual tastes and interests: A new study debunks preconceived notions
Findings recently published in The Journal of Sex Research contradict the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, as they demonstrate that a number of legal sexual interests and behaviors considered anomalous in psychiatry are actually common in the general population.
Pitching gas against coal
Using natural gas instead of coal or oil in electricity generation could have a significant effect on net carbon emissions into the atmosphere.
The updated crystalline sponge method
X-ray crystallographic analysis is one of the only methods that provides direct information on molecular structures at the atomic level.
Expert panel urges new approaches to curtail US opioid epidemic
Overprescribing of opioids and opioid addiction are serious and growing public health problems in the US, and are the focus of a new report by an expert panel, entitled 'The American Opioid Epidemic: Population Health Implications and Potential Solutions,' from the National Stakeholder Panel, Jefferson College of Population Health, which is published in a special supplement to Population Health Management.
Sharpest view ever of dusty disc around aging star
The Very Large Telescope Interferometer at ESO's Paranal Observatory in Chile has obtained the sharpest view ever of the dusty disc around an aging star.
Kansas State University researcher finds integrated approach critical to teen health
Bryant Miller, master's student in marriage and family therapy, is studying how an integrative approach is critical in addressing hot topics for teens, including substance use, obesity, teen pregnancy and parenting, depression, anxiety, ADHD, self-harm, harm to others and suicide.
The tortoise and the hare of spinal neural circuits
Changes in one circuit of nerves, but not another, in the spinal cord depend on how quickly muscles must move to complete a task, according to results from the Human Motor Control Laboratory of Professor Kozo Funase, PhD, at Hiroshima University.
Modern corn hybrids more resilient to nitrogen stress, crowded planting conditions
Modern corn hybrids produce more plant material and take up, on average, the same amount of nitrogen as earlier varieties, in spite of being more crowded and having less nitrogen available per plant, a Purdue University review finds.
Disney researchers take depth cameras into the depths for high-accuracy 3-D capture
Disney Research scientists are adapting low-cost depth-sensing cameras for use underwater, with the goal of capturing 3-D models of marine flora and fauna with a high degree of accuracy.
Seeing the light: Army ants evolve to regain sight and more in return to surface
A study of army ants revealed that some species increased their brain size, including visual brain regions, after evolving above-ground behavior.
Understanding the dynamics of crowd behavior
Crowds formed from tiny particles disperse as their environment becomes more disordered, according to scientists from UCL, Bilkent University and Université Pierre et Marie Curie.
Accelerating discovery in materials science
A new Materials Innovation Platforms (MIPs) program that aims to significantly accelerate materials research and development has made its first awards, to Penn State University and Cornell University.
Bats in Asia found to have resistance to white-nose syndrome fungus
As the deadly bat disease called white-nose syndrome continues to spread across North America, scientists are studying bats in China to understand how they are able to survive infections with the same fungus that has wiped out millions of North American bats.
Announcing the PALM Network Spring 2016 Fellows
The Genetics Society of America takes an active and collaborative role in the Promoting Active Learning & Mentoring Network, along with our partners: the American Society for Cell Biology and the American Society of Plant Biologists.
Scientists work to break up the relationship between fat and cardiovascular disease
Fatness is clearly linked to cardiovascular disease, but scientists want to find why the unhealthy pair tend to go hand-in-hand and how to break up their relationship.
First microwhip scorpion from Mesozoic period found in Burmese amber
It's smaller than a grain of rice, yellowish, trapped in amber and lived 100 million years ago alongside dinosaurs.
Serotonin deficiency implicated in rheumatoid arthritis
For the first time, serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) has been directly implicated in the pathophysiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Science in fiction
When looking at a book with the title 'Raw Data,' you'd probably expect a dry read of scientific facts.
Expert outlines medical approach to treatment of traumatized refugees
What's the best approach to mental health treatment for refugees with posttraumatic symptoms?
Overfishing devastates spawning aggregations
Because they are easier to catch and potentially more threatened by nonlethal effects, fish that form spawning aggregations are at particular risk when those aggregations are heavily fished.
Ferrite boosting photocatalytic hydrogen evolution
Photocatalytic hydrogen generation via water splitting has become a hot spot in the field of energy and materials.
Yale-New Haven Children's Hospital honored with Quality Award for improving care for NAS Patients
Yale-New Haven Children's Hospital was selected as the overall winner of the 2015 Pediatric Quality Award for a quality improvement project that reduced the number of days infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) were hospitalized.
Can yoga help those experiencing depression, anxiety or PTSD?
Across the country, health and human service providers have shown a growing interest in using yoga as an option for treating people who experience mental health problems.
Warren Alpert Foundation Prize recognizes CRISPR pioneers
The 2016 Warren Alpert Foundation Prize will be awarded to five scientists for their remarkable contributions to the understanding of the CRISPR bacterial defense system and the revolutionary discovery that it can be adapted for genome editing.
Stress pushes cells to die when gatekeeper of calcium use in mitochondria is dysfunctional
Malfunctioning mitochondria -- the power plants in cells -- are behind the damage caused by strokes, heart attacks, and neurodegenerative diseases, but little has been known about how to stop these reactors from melting down, destroying cells and tissue.
NSF awards IU biologist $750,000 to study effect of environment on development
An Indiana University biologist has been awarded $750,000 to identify the genetic mechanism that makes up a 'switch' allowing some genetically identical species to develop strikingly different physical characteristics based on their environment, a phenomenon known as 'polyphenism.'
Screening with tomosynthesis or ultrasound detects more cancers in dense breasts
In women with dense breasts, adding either tomosynthesis (a form of 3-D mammography) or ultrasound scans to standard mammograms can detect breast cancers that would have been missed, according to results from the ASTOUND trial of over 3,000 women carried out by researchers in Italy and Australia.
How have gender stereotypes changed in the last 30 years?
A new study finds that gender stereotypes are as strong today as they were 30 years ago, and that people are even more likely now to believe that men avoid 'traditional' female roles.

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