Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 10, 2016
Climate change less politicized among minority groups
Race and ethnicity as a function of climate-change attitudes is the subject of a recent study by Jonathon Schuldt, assistant professor of communication in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, and collaborator Adam Pearson, assistant professor of psychology at Pomona (Calif.) College.

Rice scientists synthesize anti-cancer agent
Rice organic chemists find a simplified method to synthesize a cancer-fighting molecule, trioxacarcin, found naturally in bacteria.

Breast cancer has a higher incidence in obese women
An international team of researchers, with the participation of the University of Granada, reveals new data on why breast cancer has a higher incidence and is more aggressive in obese people.

Slamdunk: Graphical user interface uses 'X's and O's' to retrieve basketball plays
A new search tool for the brave new world of sports analytics would be recognizable even to an old school coach: a chalkboard-like interface enables users to quickly retrieve plays from a database by sketching what they seek using the equivalent of a coach's X's and O's.

Link between gum disease and cognitive decline in Alzheimer's
A new study jointly led by King's College London and the University of Southampton has found a link between gum disease and greater rates of cognitive decline in people with early stages of Alzheimer's disease.

Grid cells' role in human imagination revealed
Evidence of grid cell activity has been seen in healthy volunteers asked to imagine moving through an environment.

New imaging method makes gall bladder removals, other procedures more safe
UCLA researchers have discovered an optimal way to image the bile ducts during gallbladder removal surgeries using a tested and safe dye and a real-time near-infrared florescence laparoscopic camera,

Blacks face a higher risk of kidney failure than whites, regardless of genetics
Over nearly 25 years of follow-up, blacks had a higher risk of hypertension, diabetes, and kidney failure than whites, after adjustments.

Small brain is good for the immune system -- if you are a fish
Having a small brain may provide immune benefits, at least if you are a guppy.

Where males sense females in plants
Pollen tubes are attracted by LURE peptides, which are produced from ovules, to bring about fertilization.

Fighting cavities could one day be as easy as taking a pill, research shows
University of Florida Health researchers have identified a new strain of bacteria in the mouth that may keep bad bacteria in check -- and could lead to a way to prevent cavities using probiotics.

PNNL gives a helping hand to small green businesses
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory will help three small businesses reduce the cost of hydropower, cut building energy use, and make adhesives from plants through new projects announced today by DOE's Small Business Vouchers program.

Conservation sea change
Beyond the breakers, the ocean is like the Wild West.

Adapting training to age
Researchers at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country have analysed the effect of different training exercises in football, known as small-sided games, on some physical and physiological variables of players aged 12 and 13 in order to find out which formats are most suited to their development.

Mother's smoking may increase her children's risk of lung disease as adults
An Australian study that followed patients over five decades reveals that children of mothers who smoke have an increased likelihood of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in adulthood.

FDA approves Indego exoskeleton for clinical and personal use
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has given clearance to market and sell the powered lower-limb exoskeleton created by a team of Vanderbilt engineers and commercialized by the Parker Hannifin Corporation for both clinical and personal use in the United States.

Mountain Futures Initiative launched at Kunming Conference
At the Mountain Futures Conference held in Kunming, China, stakeholders in the world's mountainous areas put their backs into the Mountain Futures Initiative, which seeks to combine tradition with scientific research in order to upscale sustainable practices for the future of the world's mountainous regions.

Unpacking space radiation to control astronaut and earthbound cancer risk
Personalizing the assessment of cancer risk due to space radiation may let NASA pinpoint astronauts who could withstand higher doses, removing one barrier to a trip to Mars.

Drug overdoses in PA increased 14-fold in past 4 decades
White women, younger people are increasingly the victims of overdose deaths, a first detailed analysis reveals.

Blame your noisy brain for misses and fumbles
No matter how much we practice a given movement, it will still be imperfect.

Scientists watch activity of newborn brain cells in mice; reveal they are required for memory
Columbia neuroscientists have described the activity of newly generated brain cells in awake mice -- a process known as adult neurogenesis -- and revealed the critical role these cells play in forming memories.

Higher ozone, lower humidity levels associated with dry eye disease
In a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology, Dong Hyun Kim, M.D., of Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Korea and colleagues examined the associations between outdoor air pollution and dry eye disease in a Korean population.

Links between money and happiness uncovered
Changes in income do not affect most people's happiness, most of the time, according to a new study led by the University of Stirling.

New report recommends research to improve understanding of relationship between fatigue and crash risk
Insufficient sleep can decrease a commercial motor vehicle driver's level of alertness, which may increase the risk of a crash, yet little is known about effective ways to minimize that risk, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Mysterious infrared light from space resolved perfectly
A research team using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array has detected the faintest millimeter-wave source ever observed.

The Lancet: Universal background checks for purchasing guns and ammunition could substantially cut gun deaths in the USA
A nationwide study analyzing gun-control laws in the USA has found that just nine of the 25 state laws are effective in reducing firearm deaths.

Modified form of CRISPR acts as a toggle switch to control gene expression in stem cells
Combining the two most powerful biological tools of the 21st century, scientists at the Gladstone Institutes have modified how the genome of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) is read for the first time using a variation of the CRISPR-Cas9 system.

Penn study shows a form of genetically elevated 'good' cholesterol may actually be bad
The generally accepted medical maxim that elevated HDL cholesterol is 'good' has been overturned by a multi-center, international study, They show that a certain genetic cause of increased HDL-C may actually be 'bad,' noting that a specific mutation in a gene which encodes a cell receptor protein that binds to HDL prevents the receptor from functioning.

Bianca Russell, M.D., wins ACMG Foundation/David L. Rimoin Inspiring Excellence Award
The David L. Rimoin Inspiring Excellence Award was created in memory of the late Dr.

Harnessing new technologies and policies for better ocean observation
Automatic ship identification systems (AIS) have much potential to provide useful marine data and inform international marine policies, but inconsistent use of this technology, as well as falsification of data by users, must be addressed, Douglas McCauley et al. emphasize in this Policy Forum.

Developing multiline anchor system for floating offshore wind turbines
The principal goal of the research is to develop offshore floating wind farms where the individual floating wind turbines are moored using a networked series of anchors and cables that hold the entire wind farm in place.

'Daedalus dilemma' of the immune system
Our immune system constantly fights off bacteria and viruses and while doing so needs to find a critical balance between over- and under-reaction.

New book reveals that food monopolies are everywhere
Food monopolies are everywhere -- and they're growing. A new book by a Michigan State University professor dissects the troubling trend and shows how it's happening on all levels of the food chain.

Fred Hutch researcher receives grant for esophageal cancer screening study
Dr. William Grady, a clinical researcher and cancer geneticist at Fred Hutch, has been awarded a $180,000 grant from the DeGregorio Family Foundation for Gastric and Esophageal Cancer Research and the Price Family Foundation for a two-year project to develop a better way to identify people at highest risk for esophageal adenocarcinoma, the most common cancer of the esophagus.

NASA station leads way for improved measurements of Earth orientation, shape
NASA has demonstrated the success of advanced technology for making precise measurements of Earth's orientation and rotation -- information that helps provide a foundation for navigation of all space missions and for geophysical studies of our planet.

Early human habitat, recreated for first time, shows life was no picnic
Scientists have pieced together an early human habitat for the first time, and life was no picnic in Tanzania in East Africa 1.8 million years ago.

Major differences between male and female breast cancers uncovered but male patients still disadvantaged by lack of research, say investigators
Male breast cancer has important biological differences from female breast cancer, according to results from a study of 1203 tumor samples from male patients.

IBS team detects hot electrons in real time
The Center for Nanomaterials and Chemical Reactions fabricated a graphene-semiconductor catalytic nanodiode for improved conductivity of graphene-based nanostructures.

Close comet flyby threw Mars' magnetic field into chaos
MAVEN's magnetometer conducted observations of comet C/2013 A1 (Siding Spring) with Mars in October 2014, during the comet's remarkably close flyby.

Deciphering compact galaxies in the young universe
Researchers using the Subaru Telescope has discovered about 80 young galaxies in the early universe about 1.2 billion years after the Big Bang.

Lapatinib and trastuzumab shrinks HER2+ breast cancer in 11 days after diagnosis
Approximately one-quarter of women with HER2 positive breast cancer, who were treated with a combination of two targeted drugs before surgery and chemotherapy, saw their tumors shrink significantly or even disappear, according to results from the UK EPHOS-B clinical trial involving 257 women with newly-diagnosed, operable HER2 positive disease.

Spending on public higher education overlooks net benefits as investment in state's future
Thinking of higher education funding as an investment that lowers costs -- and not as mere consumption spending -- could reframe the debate in Springfield, according to research from Walter W.

Using statistics to predict rogue waves
Scientists have developed a mathematical model to derive the probability of extreme waves.

A remarkable second place for the Data Miners at the Integra Gold Rush Challenge
Integra Gold Corp, a mining company based in Vancouver, has announced the winners of its international Gold Rush Challenge contest.

Enzyme involved in glucose metabolism promotes wound healing, study finds
An enzyme involved in glucose metabolism in cells plays a major role in the early steps of wound healing, a finding that could lead to new therapeutic approaches for wound care, according to researchers at Georgia State University.

NIFA, NSF announce $14.5 million in available funding for plant-biotic research
The US Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture joined with the National Science Foundation today to announce the availability of $14.5 million in funding for the NIFA-NSF Joint Plant-Biotics Interactions program.

Disproving hypothesis clears path for research for new treatment options for schizophrenia
Researchers reported negative results from the first repeated-dose study of a dopamine-1 receptor (D1R) agonist for treating cognitive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia.

Reverse engineering human biology with organs-on-chips
While some suggest that organs-on-chips oversimplify human biology, they have been able to reconstitute complex organ-level functions, which has led to new insights into what is and what isn't necessary for life to function.

The 'great smoky dragon' of quantum physics
Physicists around Anton Zeilinger have, for the first time, evaluated the almost 100-year long history of quantum delayed-choice experiments -- from the theoretical beginnings with Albert Einstein to the latest research works in the present.

Fighting world hunger: MU team receives $4 million NSF grant to advance crop research
Developing drought-tolerant corn varieties that make efficient use of available water is vital to sustain the estimated 9 billion global population by 2050.

Lead exposure changes gut microbiota, increases chance for obesity
Exposure to lead during early development can alter the the gut microbiota, increasing the chances for obesity in adulthood, researchers from the University of Michigan School of Public Health have found.

New frog species discovered in India's wastelands
A team of researchers from India and the National University of Singapore has discovered a new species of narrow-mouthed frog in the laterite rock formations of India's coastal plains.

NASA's GPM satellite measured heavy rainfall in the southern US storms
The Global Precipitation Measurement or GPM core satellite provided data on the heavy rainfall and strong storms that affected the southern US on March 9.

Skin has the nerve to tell you to scratch
Duke University researchers have identified a potential drug target for itching sensations.

Light exposure improves depressive symptoms among cancer survivors
Light therapy decreased depressive symptoms and normalized circadian rhythms among cancer survivors, according to new research from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai presented today at the American Psychosomatic Society in Denver, CO.

Public lecture, press room, Twitter, and more: CNS 2016 conference only 3 weeks away
The 23rd annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS) at the Hilton Midtown in New York City is only three weeks away!

Cleveland clinic study shows gut microbes influence platelet function, risk of thrombosis
In a combination of both clinical studies of over 4,000 patients and animal model studies, Cleveland Clinic researchers have demonstrated -- for the first time -- that gut microbes alter platelet function and risk of blood clot-related illnesses like heart attack and stroke.

INRS takes giant step forward in generating optical qubits
The optical chip developed at INRS by Professor Roberto Morandotti's team overcomes a number of obstacles in the development of quantum computers.

How do hairspray and shampoo work? (video)
Thanks to chemistry, the products we use to clean and style our hair have evolved over decades -- even centuries.

Negative cancer trials: Short-term whimper, long-term bang
Cancer clinical trials with negative results don't make an immediate splash in the scientific literature, but they do have a long-term impact on cancer research, according to a new study by SWOG, the federally funded international clinical trials network.

Nutritional drink can help to conserve memory in case of prodromal Alzheimer's disease
This is the first time a randomised, double-blind, clinical trial has shown that a nutritional intervention can help to conserve the ability of prodromal AD patients to carry out everyday tasks, such as paying bills, or finding your way around, as measured by the Clinical Dementia Rating-Sum of Boxes (CDR-SB) -- a combined measure for the ability to think and perform everyday tasks.

BU study identifies 3 state laws that 'substantially reduce' gun deaths
Gun-related deaths in the US could be reduced by more than 80 percent if three laws implemented in some states were extended nationally, an analysis led by Boston University researchers shows.

Mystery surrounding methane plateau explained
The concentration of atmospheric methane has been steadily increasing since the dawn of the industrial age -- except for a mysterious plateau between 1999 and 2006.

Patterns of brain swelling may explain susceptibility of children to cerebral malaria
Brain swelling is a strong predictor of death in children with cerebral malaria (a severe form of the disease where parasites have accumulated in brain vessels), and also in mice with experimental cerebral malaria.

Wildland fire emissions worse in polluted areas
When plant matter burns, it releases a complex mixture of gases and aerosols into the atmosphere.

Clocking the rotation rate of a supermassive black hole
The rotational rate of one of the most massive black holes in the universe has been accurately measured by an international team of astronomers, using several optical telescopes and NASA's SWIFT X-ray telescope.

Hispanic women who identify as white are healthier than those who don't
Hispanic women who identify as black or another race have worse functional health than their counterparts who identify as white, according to new research.

Down the rabbit hole: How electrons travel through exotic new material
Researchers at Princeton University have observed a bizarre behavior in a strange new crystal that could hold the key for future electronic technologies.

57 different pesticides found in poisoned honeybees
European honeybees are being poisoned with up to 57 different pesticides, according to new research published in the Journal of Chromatography A.

More innovation, less perspiration
UC Santa Barbara physicist Andrea Young received the AFOSR Young Investigator Research Program grant.

BMJ best practice now with CME/CPD tracking tool
BMJ, one of the world's leading healthcare knowledge providers, announced today that its online decision support tool BMJ Best Practice now features a continuing medical education (CME/CPD) tracking, reporting and accreditation tool.

Scientists developed a robust method for analysis of intestinal bacteria
A research group from Russia have proposed a new method for the comparison of microbiota (bacteria living in and on human body; metagenome) DNA sequences.

Turn off the Alzheimer's disease
A group of the Lomonosov Moscow State University scientists, together with their colleagues from the Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences and the King's College London, succeeded in sorting out the mechanism of Alzheimer's disease development and possibly distinguished its key trigger.

Study identifies possible marker for lung cancer chemotherapy
The activity level -- expression -- of the SMARCA4/BRG1 gene in lung tumors might identify lung-cancer patients who will likely be helped by a particular chemotherapy regimen given to prevent tumor recurrence after surgery.

TSRI study identifies new type of protein clump that may be implicated in ALS
A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute suggests that cells construct protein 'clumps' to protect against neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a.k.a.

Proved the great antitumoral potential of a compound derived from olives
Researchers from the universities of Granada, Barcelona and Jaen prove that maslinic acid, a natural triterpene found in high concentrations in the waxy skin of olives, is effective, in Caco-2 p53-deficient colon adenocarcinoma cells, in just a few hours.

Algorithm allows a computer to create a vacation highlight video
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology unveiled a novel video-editing solution this week that automatically sorts and edits untouched footage into the most picturesque highlights for a vacation reel that could fill anyone with envy.

Flooding alleviated by targeted tree planting and river restoration, scientists discover
A study by an international team of scientists, led by the Universities of Birmingham and Southampton, has shown that strategic planting of trees on floodplains could reduce the height of flooding in towns downstream by up to 20 percent, according to research published in the journal Earth Surface Processes and Landforms.

Efficiency of water electrolysis doubled
Researchers have boosted the efficiency of water electrolysis. They applied a layer of copper atoms in a conventional platinum electrode.

ADHD or just immature?
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is typically diagnosed in childhood and manifests as an inability to sustain attention and control activity levels and impulse control.

Evidence in the Cassia Hills of Idaho reveals 12 catastrophic eruptions
Ancient super-eruptions west of Yellowstone, USA, were investigated by an international initiative to examine the frequency of massive volcanic events.

The key to cybersecurity
UC Santa Barbara cryptographer Stefano Tessaro receives a National Science Foundation CAREER award.

International Meeting For Autism Research (IMFAR): May 11-14 in Baltimore
The 15th Annual International Meeting for Autism Research bringing together the world's leading autism researchers and clinicians will be held on Wednesday, May 11 through Saturday, May 14 at the Baltimore Convention Center in Baltimore, Maryland.

New project seeks to understand what your cat is trying to say
Do you understand what your cat is saying? And does your cat understand what you are trying to communicate?

Widely used kidney cancer drugs can't stop recurrence
Two widely used targeted therapy drugs approved by the FDA for the treatment of metastatic kidney cancer -- sorafenib and sunitinib -- are no more effective than a placebo in preventing return of the disease to increase life spans of patients suffering from advanced kidney cancer after surgery, according to a new multi-institutional study in the Lancet led by a researcher at the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania.

Dramatically dynamic genomic evolution of a mighty mite
Sequencing and comparative analysis of the genome of the Western Orchard predatory mite has revealed intriguingly-extreme genomic evolutionary dynamics through an international research effort co-led by scientists from the University of Geneva and the SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics.

BMJ best practice accredited by the Royal College of General Practitioners
BMJ, one of the world's leading healthcare knowledge providers, announced today that its decision support tool BMJ Best Practice has been accredited by the Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP).

News coverage of Fukushima disaster found lacking
A new analysis by American University sociology professor Celine-Marie Pascale finds that US news media coverage following the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster in Japan minimized health risks to the general population.

New gene variants found in childhood body mass index
An international team of scientists has identified novel gene locations associated with childhood body mass index -- an important measurement related to childhood obesity.

Bristol cryptographer awarded international Fellow
A University of Bristol cryptographer has been elected a Fellow of the International Association of Cryptologic Research (IACR), an award that is only given to a select group of cryptographers worldwide.

Gene may worsen cancer outcome by speeding metabolism of drugs
Some patients with breast cancer, lung cancer and leukemia seem to fare poorly after treatment because of the effects of a particular gene, a new study finds.

Timing the treatment of cancer cells
Timing may not be everything, but it could be important in understanding why an anticancer treatment like radiation produces different results against cancer cells, according to a new study by Sheng-hong Chen and colleagues.

New class of drugs specifically induces cell death in B cell blood cancers
New research from The Wistar Institute shows how one protein found on the endoplasmic reticulum can serve as a target for stimulating the immune system and a more direct target for cellular death in B cell malignancies.

Protein increases signals that protect cancer cells, Stanford study finds
Researchers have identified a link between the expression of a cancer-related gene and cell-surface molecules that protect tumors from the immune system.

Major breakthrough in new MRI scan technology for lung disease
New scanning technology which will give a much clearer picture of lung disease has taken a major step forward thanks to scientists at The University of Nottingham.

Super-clear synapses at super resolutions
Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology (CDB) in Japan have developed a way to obtain super-resolution 3-D images of delicate structures deep in the brain.

7 million Euro project to support sustainable growth in aquaculture
A team of European aquaculture experts led by the University of Stirling's Institute of Aquaculture will begin a four-year study worth almost €7 million to establish new strategies and models for sustainable growth in the industry.

ACS national meeting online press conferences begin Monday, March 14
All press conferences from the American Chemical Society's (ACS') 251st National Meeting & Exposition in San Diego will be accessible via YouTube streaming webcasts starting on Monday, March 14, 2016 at 9 a.m.

Smartphone security: Why doodling trumps text passwords
Someday soon, you may be able to log into your smartphone with sweeping gestures or doodling, using one or more fingers.

Blood stem cells study could pave the way for new cancer therapy
People with leukaemia could be helped by new research that sheds light on how the body produces its blood supply.

Surgery improves survival rates for men with prostate cancer if radiation treatments fail
Approximately 14 percent of men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer at some point in their lifetimes, according to the National Institutes of Health.

Does ethnicity affect breast cancer biology?
Although breast cancer is somewhat more aggressive in South Asian and Black women than in White women, this is largely due to age differences between ethnic groups in the UK, according to new research presented at the 10th European Breast Cancer Conference (EBCC10).

Give and take
Researchers analyze how nutrient pollution can negatively impact important ecological relationships.

Large Dairy Herd Management Conference May 1-4, 2016, Hilton Oak Brook Hills Resort, Oak Brook, IL
The ADSA Foundation invites you to register now for the upcoming Large Dairy Herd Management Conference May 1-4, 2016, at the Hilton Oak Brook Hills Resort in Oak Brook, Illinois.

Blast behavior research could save British troops
New research that sheds unprecedented light on the behavior of blasts produced by landmines and improvised explosive devices (IEDs) could aid the development of enhanced protection for UK soldiers on military, peace-keeping and humanitarian missions.

New studies of the 'natural history' of schizophrenia raise hope for new treatments
Emerging evidence on the development, 'prodromal' characteristics, and long-term course of schizophrenia provide reasons for optimism for developing new treatments and preventive approaches for this devastating disorder, according to the special March/April issue of Harvard Review of Psychiatry.

Computer animation: Models for facial expression
Today's film industry no longer relies solely on the skill of actors: in the latest movies, their faces are often edited on a computer after the shoot has finished.

Wealth doesn't protect US blacks from greater chance of incarceration
The chances of incarceration in America are always higher for blacks than for whites or Hispanics, regardless of their level of wealth, according to a new study led by Khaing Zaw of Duke University in the US In addition, blacks and Hispanics who had previously served jail time were significantly poorer than their white counterparts.

Cancer research collaboration leads to landmark licensing agreement
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute research has underpinned the development of a new class of drugs that are the subject of one of the largest biotech licensing deals to arise from Australian research.

Brown fat may warm us up at dawn
Brown fat is well known for protecting the body from cold temperatures, and now researchers have discovered that this cell type in humans shows circadian rhythms in its consumption of glucose -- an energy fuel for heat production.

Brown fat keeps blood sugar in check
Australian scientists have shown that brown fat -- a special type of fat that burns energy to keep us warm -- may also help to keep blood sugar steady in adults.

Tracking the social networks of genes disrupted in complex diseases
Your personal risk of developing complex diseases such as diabetes, depression or cancer is influenced in part by genetic variants, that is, letters in your DNA sequence that differ between people.

European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts - Model upgraded to best ever
The European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts has launched a significant set of upgrades, dramatically increasing the quality of both its high-resolution and its ensemble forecasts.

Final review of health problems that may be linked to Agent Orange exposure during Vietnam War
The latest and final in a series of congressionally mandated biennial reviews of the evidence of health problems that may be linked to exposure to Agent Orange and other herbicides used during the Vietnam War changed the categorization of health outcomes for bladder cancer, hypothyroidism, and spina bifida and clarified the breadth of the previous finding for Parkinson's disease.

Evolutionary 'selection of the fittest' measured for the first time
A difference of one hundredth of a percent in fitness is sufficient to select between winners and losers in evolution.

Revision rates, patient characteristics in those undergoing septorhinoplasty
The overall revision rate for septorhinoplasty (a surgical procedure to fix the nose and nasal septum) was low at 3.3 percent although certain patient characteristics were associated with an increased rate of revision, according to an article published online by JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.

HIV-infected young males have higher rates of bone loss than females
Accumulating evidence suggests that rates of low bone mass are greater in HIV-infected males than in females.

Competition favors the shy bird
Explorative great tits have fewer chances to survive in high population densities.

Less than meets the eye
How do computers -- or our brains -- recognize images?

Open science in action!
Even with openly accessible research publications and data, mining the right information in a timely enough manner is still a major concern.

Major source of methanol in the ocean identified
As one of the most abundant organic compounds on the planet, methanol occurs naturally in the environment as plants release it as they grow and decompose.

How stick insects handle indigestive food
Plant cell walls are comprised of many complex polymers that require multiple different enzymes to fully break down, such as cellulase to digest cellulose and xylanase to digest xylan.

IARPA awards $18.7 million contract to Allen Institute to reconstruct neuronal connections
The Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA) has awarded an $18.7 million contract to the Allen Institute for Brain Science, as part of a larger project with Baylor College of Medicine and Princeton University, to create the largest ever roadmap to understand how the function of networks in the brain's cortex relates to the underlying connections of its individual neurons.

New learning procedure for neural networks
Neural networks learn to link temporally dispersed stimuli.

People with anxiety show fundamental differences in perception
Patients may overgeneralize their responses to stimuli.

Mexico's ancient native plants and a new invasive insect threat
Benjamin Normark, professor of biology at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, was recently selected as a Fulbright scholar and will spend the fall 2016 semester in Mexico documenting the spread of the insect, cycad aulacaspis scale.

The plastic-eating bacteria breakdown
Further investigation identified an enzyme, ISF6_4831, which works with water to break down PET into an intermediate substance, which is then further broken down by a second enzyme, ISF6_0224.

Jefferson researchers find highly active gene in aggressive human lung cancer
Scientists believe that 'conserved' genes -- those found in life forms that range from bacteria to plants, insects and humans -- perform vital biological functions across species.

Overlooked resistance may inflate estimates of organic-semiconductor performance
Mobility estimates may be more than 10 times too high. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to