Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 14, 2016
UT Southwestern researchers' work shines light on how to improve cancer immunotherapy
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers today report on a strategy to make a major advance in cancer treatment even better, and a means to test and refine this new type of immunotherapy.

Inventory of moths
The diversity of looper moths (Geometridae) in the mountains of the tropical Andes is much greater than was previously assumed.

Gravity glasses offer a view of the Earth's interior
How does the ice on the polar caps change? And which are the geological characteristics of the Earth's crust beneath?

Global study reveals genes as major cause of inflammatory diseases
A world-first study led by Australia's Queensland University of Technology and Germany's Christian-Albrechts-University is likely to result in new treatments for five common and painful inflammatory diseases that affect millions of people around the world.

Fish and insects guide design for future contact lenses
Making the most of the low light in the muddy rivers where it swims, the elephant nose fish survives by being able to spot predators amongst the muck with a uniquely shaped retina, the part of the eye that captures light.

American Board of Medical Specialties recognizes new subspecialty of addiction medicine
The American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) announced today the recognition of Addiction Medicine as a new subspecialty.

Learning to program cellular memory
Combining synthetic biology approaches with time-lapse movies, a team led by Caltech biologists has determined how some chromatin regulators shape a cell's ability to remember particular states of gene expression.

Researchers identify when Parkinson's proteins become toxic to brain cells
Observation of the point at which proteins associated with Parkinson's disease become toxic to brain cells could help identify how and why people develop the disease, and aid in the search for potential treatments.

No dramatic shifts in BMI for overweight girls a year after receiving fitness assessment
Teens being classified as overweight in school fitness reports does not appear to have any impact on short-term changes in body mass index, finds a new study by NYU, Syracuse, and Columbia.

One place for all scholarly literature: An Open Science Prize proposal
Openly accessible literature is called 'the fabric and the substance of Open Science' in a small grant proposal, submitted to the Open Science Prize contest and published in the Research Ideas and Outcomes (RIO) open access journal.

St. Jude research will guide development of new anti-influenza drugs
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have revealed new details about how a promising class of anti-influenza drugs blocks the virus from replicating.

Shock compression research shows hexagonal diamond could serve as meteor impact marker
In 1967, a hexagonal form of diamond, later named lonsdaleite, was identified for the first time inside fragments of the Canyon Diablo meteorite, the asteroid that created the Barringer Crater in Arizona.

Economist recognized for work on intersections of poverty, sustainability and environmental health
The Executive Committee of The Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement today announced the selection of Sir Partha S.

Genetically inherited high cholesterol twice as common as believed
Familial hypercholesterolemia, a genetic cholesterol disorder, affects 1 in 250 American adults, making the condition twice as common as usually reported.

Light illuminates the way for bio-bots
A new class of miniature biological robots, or bio-bots, has seen the light -- and is following where the light shines.

Drug combination shuts down cancer stem cells and tumor growth in aggressive lung cancer
Researchers on Mayo Clinic's Florida campus have shut down one of the most common and lethal forms of lung cancer by combining the rheumatoid arthritis drug auranofin with an experimental targeted agent.

Literature review finds Canadians in jails and prisons have poor health
The vast majority of Canadians in correctional facilities have mental health and substance abuse issues.

New 'machine unlearning' technique wipes out unwanted data quickly and completely
Researchers from Lehigh University and Columbia University are pioneering a novel approach to making computer learning systems forget.

CCNY research team in molecular breakthrough
Reducing a barrier that generally hinders the easy generation of new molecules, a team led by City College of New York chemist Mahesh K.

Fifty years of geoscience in the South-Central US
Geoscientists from the south-central US and beyond will convene in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, to discuss new science, expand on existing science, and explore the unique geologic features of the region.

Cancer-causing gene triggered by alcohol may increase breast cancer risk
A University of Houston biologist and his team have identified a cancer-causing gene triggered by alcohol that may increase one's risk of getting breast cancer.

Decrypting a collagen's role in schizophrenia
A small peptide generated from a collagen protein may protect the brain from schizophrenia by promoting the formation of neuronal synapses, according to a paper published in The Journal of Cell Biology.

Understanding obesity from the inside out
Researchers developed a new laboratory method that allowed them to identify GABA as a key player in the complex brain processes that control appetite and metabolism.

Researchers develop new lens for terahertz radiation
Brown University engineers have devised a way to focus terahertz radiation using an array of stacked metal plates, a technique which may prove useful for terahertz imaging or in next-generation data networks.

Carbon from land played a role during last deglaciation
As the Earth emerged from its last ice age several thousand years ago, atmospheric carbon dioxide increased and further warmed the planet.

Robot learning companion offers custom-tailored tutoring
The Personal Robots Group at MIT developed a socially assistive robot called Tega designed to serve as a one-on-one peer learner in or outside of the classroom.

Inbreeding impacts on mothering ability, red deer study shows
Inbred animals have fewer surviving offspring compared with others, a study of red deer in the wild has found.

Newly found species reveals how T. rex became king of dinosaurs
The remains of a new species of horse-sized dinosaur reveal how Tyrannosaurus rex became one of Earth's top predators, a study suggests.

A new view of age-related macular degeneration: Fuel-starved light receptors
New research from Boston Children's Hospital could potentially change how doctors approach two blinding diseases: 'Wet' age-related macular degeneration, the leading cause of blindness in the elderly, and macular telangiectasia.

Cyborg cardiac patch may treat the diseased heart
A new engineering innovation from Tel Aviv University will revolutionize the treatment of heart disease.

'Cold turkey' wins for successful smoking cessation
Quitting smoking abruptly is more likely to lead to lasting abstinence compared to quitting gradually, according to a study published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Artificial 'nose' sniffs out pollution to protect Disney art on international tour
When original drawings and sketches from Walt Disney Animation Studio's more than 90-year history traveled internationally last summer, conservators had the opportunity to monitor the artwork with a new state-of-the-art sensor.

Simple mechanism may have allowed primitive cells to maintain internal conditions
A Massachusetts General Hospital research team investigating how the earliest stages of life might have developed has discovered a way the first living cells could have met a key challenge -- maintaining a constant internal environment even when external conditions change.

Researchers refute traditional measures of inducing pain in exercise experiments
Senior lecturer Dr. Lex Mauger and Ph.D. student Ali Astokorki of the School of Sport and Exercise Sciences at the University of Kent have showed that traditional methods of measuring pain in experiments -- such as thermal, pressure or electrical stimuli -- may be unsuitable for investigating the relationship between exercise and pain.

Largest genomic study on kidney cancer brings hope for more effective treatments
What have historically been considered three major types of kidney cancer according to their histological characteristic, can be further distinguished into nine major subtypes through molecular analyses.

Global shift in farmed fish feed may impact nutritional benefits ascribed to seafood
The fish-farming industry is increasing its use of plant-based ingredients in its feed and moving away from traditional feed made from fish, which could impact some of the health benefits of eating certain types of seafood, suggests a new analysis from the Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Population health program decreases heart disease risk factors across an entire community
Five years into a 10-year study, a community-wide prevention program has seen initial promise in its goal of reducing heart and cardiovascular disease by reducing factors including high cholesterol/blood pressure, uncontrolled glucose, obesity, tobacco use, physical inactivity, low fruit/vegetable intake and medication underutilization/non-adherence.

SDU researchers present a new model for what dark matter might be
There are indications that we might never see the universe's mysterious dark matter.

MIT develops nontoxic way of generating portable power
Battery substitutes produce current by burning fuel-coated carbon nanotubes like a fuse.

Drexel research helps bacteria-powered microrobots plot a course
A team of engineers at Drexel University recently published research on a method for using electric fields to help tiny bio-robots propelled by flagellated bacteria navigate around obstacles in a fluid environment.

The quest for spin liquids
OIST researchers show new connections between exotic states of matter.

Report: Despite economic gains, rural Chinese children continue to lag urban counterparts
A new comprehensive study of children's well-being in China reveals glaring disparities in education, economic conditions and emotional health between rural and urban children and the need for educational and public policy reforms to help close those gaps.

Obesity is risk factor for rare type of stroke in women using oral contraceptives
Obese women who used oral contraceptives appeared to have increased risk for a rare type of stroke known as a cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) compared with women of normal weight who did not use oral contraceptives, according to an article published online by JAMA Neurology.

New imaging technique may give physicians clearer picture of stroke damage
According to the American Heart Association, ischemic strokes account for nearly 90 percent of all strokes.

Need your thyroid removed? Seek a surgeon with 25+ cases a year
A new study from Duke Health suggests that patients who need to have their thyroid gland removed should seek surgeons who perform 25 or more thyroidectomies a year for the least risk of complications.

Experimentation and largest-ever quantum simulation of a disordered system explain quantum many-particle problem
Using some of the largest supercomputers available, physics researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have produced one of the largest simulations ever to help explain one of physics most daunting problems.

Genetic cause of neurological disease identified
Using the genetic information of two different families with three generations of disease, researchers have identified a new mutation responsible for a degenerative and ultimately fatal movement disorder.

What does your smartphone say when you tell it you were raped?
What does a smartphone say when you tell it you were raped, want to commit suicide, feel depressed or are being abused?

Newly discovered dinosaur reveals how T. rex became king of the Cretaceous
The fossilized remains of a new horse-sized dinosaur reveal how Tyrannosaurus rex and its close relatives became top predators, according to a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Advanced magnetic resonance imaging technology to track cells in the body
The need to non-invasively see and track cells in living persons is indisputable.

Broccoli ingredient has positive influence on drug efficacy
Colon cancer cells that are pretreated with an ingredient found in cruciferous vegetables are more likely to be killed by a cancer drug that is currently in development, found ETH scientists.

Bee flower choices altered by exposure to pesticides
Low levels of pesticides can impact the foraging behaviour of bumblebees on wildflowers, changing their floral preferences and hindering their ability to learn the skills needed to extract nectar and pollen, according to a study co-authored by a University of Guelph professor.

In today's advertising environment, cleverness can backfire
When it comes to display advertising -- especially online -- simpler can be better.

Chemical may be new tool for depression therapy
A chemical that acts on a number of inflammatory or inflammation-linked diseases, may also help in treating clinical depression, this mouse-based study suggests.

Stenting of narrow pulmonary artery benefits patients with congenital heart disease
The use of a stent to repair pulmonary artery stenosis in children and adults with congenital heart disease was successful in the majority of patients, but many also experienced serious complications, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Report highlights huge problems faced by parents of children with autism
Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder face severe challenges in accessing adequate services, according to a survey of hundreds of parents in the United Kingdom.

Love trumps budget in sentimental buys
Brides and the bereaved beware: You, like many shoppers, may have a tendency to reject thriftiness when your purchase is a matter of the heart, according to a new study led by the University of Colorado Boulder.

Parent-infant learning programs need to be tailored for at-risk families
To more effectively and efficiently meet the needs of at-risk families, a Georgia State University study suggests the introduction of a technological enhancement to improve acquisition of skills developed during parent-infant sessions.

New SARS-like virus is poised to infect humans
A SARS-like virus found in Chinese horseshoe bats may be poised to infect humans without the need for adaptation, overcoming an initial barrier that could potentially set the stage for an outbreak according to a study at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Marshall School of Pharmacy publishes in national journal on veterinary pharmacy course
Marshall University School of Pharmacy 4th-year student Jennifer C. Miller, B.S., along with Inder Sehgal, D.V.M, Ph.D., professor of pharmacology at the school and a graduate veterinarian, recently published an instructional design and assessment article in the American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education.

'Difficult' patients increase doctors' misdiagnosis risk regardless of case complexity
Patients regarded as 'difficult' increase doctors' risk of getting a diagnosis wrong, irrespective of the time spent or the complexity of the case, finds research published online in BMJ Quality & Safety.

Animal sciences investment aims to boost company creation
A new company has been formed to maximize the commercial impact of Edinburgh's world-leading animal science research.

Degrading underground ice could reshape Arctic landscape
Rapid melting of ice and Arctic permafrost is altering tundra regions in Alaska, Canada and Russia, according to a new study released in the journal Nature Geoscience.

Warming ocean water undercuts Antarctic ice shelves
'Upside-down rivers' of warm ocean water threaten the stability of floating ice shelves in Antarctica, according to a new study led by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder's National Snow and Ice Data Center.

Condom use among high school girls using long-acting contraception
High school girls who used intrauterine devices and implants for long-acting reversible contraception were less likely to also use condoms compared with girls who used oral contraceptives, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Freedom of religion, civic rights were important components of a 'Muslim nation'
Prophet Muhammad believed that freedom of religion and civic rights were important components of a 'Muslim nation,' according to a Rice University analysis of the prophet's covenants with Christians.

Degrading ice wedges reshape Arctic landscape
Ice wedges, a common subsurface feature in permafrost landscapes, appear to be rapidly melting throughout the Arctic, according to a new study in the journal Nature Geoscience.

Where we live affects our bias against mixed-race individuals, psychology study finds
Whites living in areas where they are less exposed to those of other races have a harder time categorizing mixed-race individuals than do Whites with greater interracial exposure, a condition that is associated with greater prejudice against mixed-race individuals, a new experimental study shows.

You are what your parents ate!
Scientists at Helmholtz Zentrum M√ľnchen, in collaboration with researchers from Technical University of Munich and the German Center for Diabetes Research, have shown that diet-induced obesity and diabetes can be epigenetically inherited by the offspring via both the oocytes and the sperm.

New study finds no increased risk in providing flu vaccine to surgical patients
Surgical patients who received the flu vaccine during their hospital stay did not have an increased risk of emergency department visits or subsequent hospitalizations in the week following discharge, compared with surgical patients who did not receive the vaccine.

Bee flower choices altered by exposure to pesticides
Scientists have shown that low levels of pesticides can impact the foraging behavior of bumblebees on wild flowers, changing their floral preferences and hindering their ability to learn the skills needed to extract nectar and pollen.

Scientists have synthesized new molecules with anticancer and antioxidant activity
Scientists from several Moscow universities have synthesized a set of novel selenohydantoins with anticancer and antioxidant activity.

Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize for E. Charpentier an J.A. Doudna
Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna have developed the bacterial gene cutter CRISPR-Cas9 in such a way that specific DNA sequences can be targeted and cleaved.

PolyU develops novel nano biosensor for rapid detection of flu virus
The Department of Applied Physics and Interdisciplinary Division of Biomedical Engineering of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University have jointly developed a novel nano biosensor for rapid detection of flu and other viruses.

Could a pure maple syrup extract be tapped for better brain health?
As part of a two-day symposium at the annual meeting of the American Chemical Society, a group of international scientists shared promising results of 24 studies exploring the beneficial effects of natural products on the prevention of neurodegenerative diseases, particularly Alzheimer's disease.

New research suggests first-line anti-staph drug oxacillin safer than nafcillin
Nafcillin and oxacillin, two antibiotics commonly prescribed in hospitals, have been used without preference for one over the other.

Excessive fat in legs of children with spina bifida suggests risk for metabolic disorders
Children with a severe type of spina bifida have excess fat accumulation in their lower extremities.

How the brain detects short sounds
For humans to understand speech and for other animals to know each other's calls, the brain must distinguish short sounds from longer sounds.

Anticancer drug restores hearing in some patients with neurofibromatosis
In a small clinical study with an anticancer drug that halts blood vessel growth, a handful of people with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) and hearing loss had restoration of hearing.

Hunting for Big Bang neutrinos that could shed new light on the origin of the universe
Article describes a Princeton University physicists laboratory at PPPL to hunt for Big Bang neutrinos.

The role of organic transporters in pharmacokinetics and nephrotoxicity of newer antiviral therapies
Highly active antiretroviral therapy and direct acting antiviral agents are key elements in the effective pharmacotherapy of human immunodeficiency virus and Hepatitis C virus respectively.

New method detects multiple diseases via DNA released from dying cells into blood
A new blood test uses methylation patterns of circulating DNA from dying cells to detect diabetes, multiple sclerosis, pancreatic cancer, pancreatitis and brain damage.

Which neuron is more mature? Single cell transcriptome knows!
The human brain is extremely complex, containing billions of neurons forming trillions of synapses where thoughts, behavior and emotion arise.

NASA measures US south heavy rainfall from space
Extremely heavy rain fell over the southern United States during the past week and data from the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission core satellite and others in the GPM constellation provided a look at areas with heaviest rainfall.

A how-to guide to prescribing exercise for chronic health conditions
Exercise helps to alleviate the symptoms of many chronic health conditions such as knee osteoarthritis, low back pain, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), diabetes, heart disease and more, yet it is often overlooked as a treatment.

Scientists using crowdfunding to sequence the genome of Joshua tree
Modern genetic tools could save an ancient icon of the Mojave.

Hidden in plain sight: Well-known drug could yield new treatment for herpes viruses
In a search for new antiviral drugs, University of Utah scientists found that a common heart failure medicine, spironolactone, has an unexpected ability to block Epstein Barr virus (EBV).

Injectable nanoparticle generator could radically transform metastatic cancer treatment
A team of investigators from Houston Methodist Research Institute may have transformed the treatment of metastatic triple negative breast cancer by creating the first drug to successfully eliminate lung metastases in mice.

New drug combination shows promise against childhood brain cancer
Researchers at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) have identified a new combination therapy for the most aggressive form of medulloblastoma, a fast growing pediatric brain cancer.

Settlement history determines regional development
In many countries, including but not limited to Russia, frontier regions, populated more recently than the country's core territory, tend to lag behind in terms of socio-economic development.

More than bugs: Spiders also like to eat vegetarian
Spiders are known to be the classic example of insectivorous predators.

HIV drug could stop skin cancer becoming drug-resistant
An HIV drug could stop one of the early changes in skin cancer cells that leads to them becoming resistant to treatment.

Research will help policymakers plan for sea level rise
A new study by University of Georgia researchers could help protect more than 13 million American homes that will be threatened by rising sea levels by the end of the century.

Climate change redistributes global water resources
Rising temperatures worldwide are changing not only weather systems, but -- just as importantly -- the distribution of water around the globe, according to a study published today (March 14, 2016) in the journal, 'Scientific Reports.'

ASU researcher says now is the time to prioritize endangered species
Currently, resources allocated to recover endangered species are insufficient to save all listed species, and with a scarcity of funds what is needed to be effective is a more analytical approach that can bring clarity and openness to resource allocation, argues Leah Gerber, an Arizona State University conservation biologist.

Lizards keep their cool
A new computer model shows lizards are deliberately trying to manage their body temperatures.

Death-related thoughts discourage consumers from purchasing annuities
Annuities may seem like a wise financial investment but economists have been puzzled at why there aren't more buyers.

JRC Data Catalogue -- making open science a reality
Research data produced by the JRC or in cooperation with other partners is now publicly available, in support of the European Commission's strategy on Open Science for improved circulation of knowledge and thus innovation for generating growth.

Scientists create painless patch of insulin-producing beta cells to control diabetes
For decades, researchers have tried to duplicate the function of beta cells, which don't work properly in patients with diabetes.

Include 'added sugars' in overhaul of Canada's food labels
Canada's overhaul of food labels should include a separate 'added sugar' column to help Canadians manage their sugar intake and be in line with US standards, states a commentary in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

If you want to quit smoking, do it now
Smokers who try to cut down the amount they smoke before stopping are less likely to quit than those who choose to quit all in one go, Oxford University researchers have found.

Many cancer survivors experience financial burdens
An analysis of US data from 2011 indicates that nearly 29 percent of cancer survivors are financially burdened as a result of their cancer diagnosis and/or treatment.

Leukemia study reveals role of RNA binding protein in driving cancer
A study of gene expression in leukemia cells has identified an RNA binding protein that plays an important role in driving the development of cancer.

Theoretical physics discovery to set the research field buzzing
UC physicists report on developing a formula that contradicts decades of published research.

Aviation and volcanic ash: Don't build your model on sand!
Volcanic ash can damage jet engines, and Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich volcanologists have developed a new empirical model for assessment of the risk.

Fertilizer applied to fields today will pollute water for decades
Dangerous nitrate levels in drinking water could persist for decades, increasing the risk for blue baby syndrome and other serious health concerns, according to a new study published by researchers at the University of Waterloo in Canada.

Multidrug-resistant organisms on patients' hands in post-acute care facilities
Patients commonly bring multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) on their hands when they are discharged from a hospital to a post-acute care facility and then they acquire more MDROs during their time there, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

UC team's small discovery holds big promise for cancer nanotechnology
The discovery of a new nanostructure by a team of University of Cincinnati researchers promises to advance technology used in the early detection and treatment of cancerous cells.

Nature versus nurture
A UCSB psychologist shows that while environmental intervention can raise general intelligence, the effects aren't permanent.

UT Austin engineers design next-generation non-reciprocal antenna
Researchers in the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin have designed a non-reciprocal antenna that is able to process incoming and outgoing radio-wave signals more efficiently.

NIST creates fundamentally accurate quantum thermometer
Better thermometers might be possible as a result of a discovery at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), where physicists have found a way to calibrate temperature measurements by monitoring the tiny motions of a nanomechanical system that are governed by the often counterintuitive rules of quantum mechanics.

ROBO1 helps cells put up stiff resistance
A protein called ROBO1 may delay the progression of breast cancer, according to a paper published in The Journal of Cell Biology.

Pigeon foot feather genes identified
University of Utah scientists identified two genes that make some pigeon breeds develop feathered feet known as muffs, while others have scaled feet.

Tunable windows for privacy, camouflage
Researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have developed a technique that can quickly change the opacity of a window, turning it cloudy, clear or somewhere in between with the flick of a switch.

Starving eye cells contribute to blindness in elders
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of visual impairment in people over 50 in developed countries.

Medical students, burnout and alcohol
Medical students are more prone to alcohol abuse than their peers not attending medical school, especially if they are young, single and under a high debt load.

New agent overcomes drug resistance in HER2-positive breast cancer preclinical study shows
A type of breast cancer that often develops resistance to targeted therapies was driven back into remission in mice by a drug that blocks the division of cancer cells, a new study led by researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute has found.

New from Garland Science -- now available: 'Cell Biology by the Numbers' by Ron Milo and Rob Phillips
'Cell Biology by the Numbers' is written by Ron Milo and Rob Phillips and published by Garland Science.

Now researchers can follow the hectic life inside a cell
Living cells are constantly on the move. They move around and divide, and they are responsible for transporting molecules around inside themselves.

Cellular protein plays important role in aggressive childhood cancer
UCLA scientists have uncovered how a cellular protein contributes to an aggressive form of leukemia prevalent in young children.

New drug hope for mesothelioma
A new drug is showing promise as a treatment for mesothelioma -- one of the most lethal cancers of all.

Claus-Dieter Kuhn gets Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize for Young Researchers
Dr. Claus-Dieter Kuhn is studying the role of RNAs in regulating cellular processes and investigating how this knowledge can be used for treating cancer and regenerating organs.

Slices through space and time
Geoscientists from the Northeastern U.S. and beyond will convene in Albany, New York, USA, on March 21-23, 2016 to discuss hot-topic science, expand on current findings, and explore the region's unique geologic features.

Top researchers advocate united actions to fight Alzheimer's disease
To meet the challenge of Alzheimer's disease and other dementias, a concerted effort and long-term economic commitment is needed, according to a new expert report by internationally leading researchers in the field.

Hydrocarbon storage, fracking and lightning risk
Fires caused by lightning strikes on hydrocarbon storage plants are a century-old, yet to be addressed, problem, according to research to be published in the International Journal of Forensic Engineering.

Bacterial biofilms in hospital water pipes may show pathogenic properties
The human microbiome, a diverse collection of microorganisms living inside us and on our skin, has attracted considerable attention for its role in a broad range of human health issues.

Searching for big insights from online reviews
A grant from the Knight Foundation will enable journalists to access big data for investigative reporting in a way usually open only to data scientists.

Spongy material helps repair the spine (video)
Remember those colorful 'grow capsules' that blossom into animal-shaped sponges in water?

How science can help tackle global water scarcity
Millions of people around the world lack access to clean drinking water, and experts predict the situation could get worse unless new solutions are implemented.

Geologists discover how Australia's highest mountain was created
Geologists from the University of Sydney and the California Institute of Technology have solved the mystery of how Australia's highest mountain -- Mount Kosciuszko -- and surrounding Alps came to exist.

1 in 4 seniors have superbugs on their hands after a hospital stay, new research finds
One in four seniors is bringing along stowaways from the hospital to their next stop: superbugs on their hands.

Sweet 'quantum dots' light the way for new HIV and Ebola treatment
A research team led by the University of Leeds has observed for the first time how HIV and Ebola viruses attach to cells to spread infection.

Sylentis reports positive Phase II results with SYL1001 in treating ocular pain
Phase II dose-finding and efficacy trials (SYL1001_II and SYL1001_III) achieved their primary endpoints in terms of ocular pain (VAS) (p<0.016) and hyperaemia reduction with a dose of 1.125 percent (p<0.0134). SYL1001 was well tolerated at all evaluated doses and the percentage of adverse events was similar to the placebo group. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to