Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 16, 2016
Report examines wages, employment and STEM education for Appalachia Partnership Initiative
The RAND report, intended to set a baseline that will help measure the ongoing success of the effort, includes these key findings: The utilities industry is the STEM-related industry providing the highest median wages in the region.

Intimate partner violence simulation training at MU is first in nation
Intimate partner violence (IPV), has become a prevalent health care issue.

Potential Zika virus risk estimated for 50 US cities
Key factors that can combine to produce a Zika virus outbreak are expected to be present in a number of US cities during peak summer months, new research shows.

Two MD Anderson faculty members honored with highest distinctions from ASCO
The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) will recognize two physician-scientists from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center with two of its highest distinctions at its annual meeting in Chicago.

$3.8M grant awarded to surgeon to test transplant drug
Seldom can one say $3.8 million is just the tip of the iceberg, but a newly awarded grant from Gilead Sciences, Inc. is just that.

Stronger measures needed to deter use of cough and cold medicine in young children
About 18 percent of children still received cough and cold medications despite label warnings advising against their use in children under age 6, a new study has found.

Biomarkers can help guide immune-suppressing treatment after organ transplantation
Recently discovered biomarkers may provide valuable new approaches to monitoring immunosuppressive drug therapy in organ transplant recipients -- with the potential for individualized therapy to reduce organ rejection and minimize side effects, according to a special article in the April issue of Therapeutic Drug Monitoring, official journal of the International Association of Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Clinical Toxicology.

Childhood pre-migration health and circumstances shed light on 'healthy migrant effect'
Studies show that immigrants to the US, Canada, and Australia tend to be healthier and live longer than non-immigrants in their host countries.

AGI releases the 2016 Directory of Geoscience Departments
The American Geosciences Institute (AGI) is pleased to announce the 51st edition of The Directory of Geoscience Departments.

Child abuse contributes the most to mental health problems in the Canadian Armed Forces
Among the mental health disorders reported in the Canadian Armed Forces in 2013, 8.7 percent of the burden of illness was attributed to Afghanistan-related military service while 28.7 percent was attributed to past child abuse experiences.

Setting a national agenda for surgical disparities research
Leading researchers and clinicians have identified priorities for surgical disparities research for use by clinicians, researchers, funding organizations, policymakers, and other key stakeholders, according to an article published online by JAMA Surgery.

Postponing restorative intervention of occlusal dentin caries by non-invasive sealing
Today at the 45th Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the American Association for Dental Research, researcher Vibeke Qvist, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, will present a study titled 'Postponing Restorative Intervention of Occlusal Dentin Caries by Non-Invasive Sealing.'

New soft material could reduce complications for women suffering from urinary incontinence
Researchers at the University of Sheffield have developed a novel implantable material which could reduce the number of debilitating side-effects that occur as a result of using a material that is too rigid for surgical treatment of incontinence.

Electrical brain stimulation could support stroke recovery
A team from Oxford's Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, led by Professor Heidi Johansen-Berg and Dr Charlotte Stagg, studied the use of transcranial direct current stimulation to support rehabilitation training for stroke patients and found that those who had tCDS had better outcomes.

FAU awarded $3 million grant for fish farming project to help sportfishing industry
Designed to help Florida's multi-billion dollar sportfishing industry, the $3 million project is funded by the Bonefish & Tarpon Trust in partnership with the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.

European Geosciences Union meeting: Press conferences, registration closing tomorrow
The schedule of EGU General Assembly press conferences is now available.

Tooth loss and untreated caries predict food intake limitations
Today at the 45th Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the American Association for Dental Research, researcher Hongjun Yin, DB Consulting Group, Inc., Alpharetta, Ga., USA, will present a study titled 'Tooth Loss and Untreated Caries Predict Food Intake Limitations.'

New explosion gas-signature models can help inspectors locate and identify underground nuclear tests
Through experiments and computer models of gas releases, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists have simulated signatures of gases from underground nuclear explosions (UNEs) that may be carried by winds far from the detonation.

Winter storms of 2013-14 the most energetic to hit western Europe since 1948, study shows
The repeated storms which battered Europe's Atlantic coastline during the winter of 2013-14 were the most energetic in almost seven decades, new research has shown.

Last piece of dengue vaccine puzzle found effective in small trial
In a small clinical trial led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, researchers say that a promising single-dose dengue vaccine, developed by scientists at the National Institutes of Health, was 100 percent effective in preventing human volunteers from contacting the virus, the most prevalent mosquito-borne virus in the world.

Experimental dengue vaccine protects all recipients in virus challenge study
A clinical trial in which volunteers were infected with dengue virus six months after receiving either an experimental dengue vaccine developed by scientists from NIH or a placebo injection yielded starkly contrasting results.

NASA's GPM spots Tropical Cyclone Emeraude developing
Tropical Cyclone Emeraude developed early on March 16 in the Southern Indian Ocean, but NASA's GPM core satellite saw the storm coming together the day before.

Advanced energy storage material gets unprecedented nanoscale analysis
Researchers have combined advanced in-situ microscopy and theoretical calculations to uncover important clues to the properties of a promising next-generation energy storage material for supercapacitors and batteries.

Atrial fibrillation patients at highest stroke risk not prescribed necessary medication
Nearly half of all atrial fibrillation (AF) patients at the highest risk for stroke are not being prescribed blood thinners by their cardiologists, according to a new study by researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and University of California, San Francisco.

Higher volume radiation facilities associated with better survival rates
In a new study led by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital, investigators looked at men with aggressive prostate cancer who were treated with radiation as well as the case volume of the facility at which they were treated.

IBS cleave few-layer samples of magnetic material NiPS3
The IBS Center for Correlated Electron Systems (CCES) reports first successful atomically thin sheets of the magnetic Van der Waals material

Generating electricity with tomato waste
A team of scientists is exploring an unusual source of electricity -- damaged tomatoes that are unsuitable for sale at the grocery store.

Hope for veterans with an overlooked form of post-traumatic stress disorder
A study by investigators at the Medical University of South Carolina shows that veterans with subclinical PTSD not only respond to evidence-based therapy but respond better than those with full PTSD.

A new opening for room temperature multiferroics
Dr. Seungwoo Song and colleagues at POSTECH have clarified why the measured remanent polarization of orthorhombic GaFeO3 (o-GFO), a prominent ferrite owing to its piezoelectricity and ferrimagnetism, is about 50 times smaller than its predicted value.

Expansion mini-microscopy: High quality magnification on the cheap
Researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital and MIT have combined an innovative microscopy technique with a methodology for building inexpensive mini-microscopes, allowing them to capture images at a resolution that, until now, has only been possible with benchtop microscopes that are orders of magnitude higher in cost.

Antibody developed at Johns Hopkins slows tumor growth and metastasis in mice
Johns Hopkins scientists report they have developed an antibody against a specific cellular gateway that suppresses lung tumor cell growth and breast cancer metastasis in transplanted tumor experiments in mice, according to a new study published in the February issue of Nature Communications.

Starvation signals control intestinal inflammation in mice
Intestinal inflammation in mice can be dampened by subjecting them briefly to a diet restricted in amino acids, the building blocks of proteins, researchers have found.

Surface-going cave crickets actually more isolated than cave-dwelling cousins
Although other studies on cave-dwelling creatures have found that animals that spend all of their lives in the dark of caves are more likely to be genetically isolated, a recent study on two groups of crickets found the opposite.

Computer simulations may help golfers tame the sport's 'scariest 155 yards'
Engineers have devised a computer model to unravel the wicked wind conditions that plague the world's greatest golfers at the course that hosts one of the sport's most storied tournaments, The Masters, in Augusta, Ga.

Viruses 'piggyback' on host microbes' success
It has generally been assumed that in a growing population of microbes, viruses also multiply and kill their hosts, keeping the microbial population in check.

Elsevier launches JACC: Basic to Translational Science
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical, and medical information products and services, is pleased to announce publication of the inaugural issue of JACC: Basic to Translational Science, a new open access peer-reviewed journal.

Boston Children's and Edwards Lifesciences launch pulmonary valve replacement trial
Surgeons in the Heart Center at Boston Children's Hospital have partnered with Edwards Lifesciences to launch a clinical study of a new prosthetic heart valve for patients born with a congenital heart defect.

Mouse model yields possible treatment for autism-like symptoms in rare disease
About half of children born with Jacobsen syndrome, a rare inherited disease, experience social and behavioral issues consistent with autism spectrum disorders.

Snub-nosed monkeys: Conservation challenges in the face of environmental uncertainty
The genus of snub-nosed monkey comprises five species that are only distributed in very limited areas in China, Vietnam and Myanmar.

New material could make aircraft deicers a thing of the past
Instead of applying a deicing agent to strip ice from an aircraft's wings before winter takeoffs, airport personnel could in the future just watch chunks slide right off.

Amping antimicrobial discovery with automation
In proof-of-concept study, NIST team adapted a high-throughput screening robot for antimicrobial testing.

WSU searches for drugs to fight ALS, Alzheimer's, other brain disorders
Repairing the brain's 'house-cleaning function,' which could help people with Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and 100 other diseases, is the focus of recently funded research at Washington State University.

Women may keep verbal memory skills longer than men in the early stages of Alzheimer's
Women may have a better memory for words than men despite evidence of similar levels of shrinkage in areas of the brain that show the earliest signs of Alzheimer's disease, according to a study published in the March 16, 2016, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

10-minute urine test can measure specific compounds from food consumed
Can we say goodbye to unreliable food diaries and diet recall in exchange for a urine test that will better aid researchers in figuring out what foods might help prevent cancer?

Historian's new book tells neglected history of black gay men
Black gay men were largely missing in both black and gay history, so Kevin Mumford, who specializes in both, set out to tell their story.

Free database shows where to find some of the world's most toxic snakes
To find banded sea kraits, ask a guy in Cleveland.

Race and income affect responses to FDA drug safety warnings
Among older adults with diabetes, certain subgroups -- including white patients and those with lower incomes -- were slower to discontinue the diabetes drug rosiglitazone after a US Food and Drug Administration safety alert, reports a study in the April issue of Medical Care.

Smart vests have construction workers' safety at heart
An innovative heat stress vest uses a smartphone app to monitor outdoor workers' health in real time.

Vermont Vaccine Testing Center study reveals effective, single-dose dengue vaccine
Results from a dengue vaccine virus challenge study show 100 percent protection in clinical trial participants tested at University of Vermont and Johns Hopkins University.

Risk score may help identify patients at risk for sudden cardiac death after acute coronary syndrome
In a study published online by JAMA Cardiology, Pierluigi Tricoci, M.D., Ph.D., M.H.S., of the Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, N.C., and colleagues assessed the cumulative incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) during long-term follow-up after non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE ACS; a type of heart attack or unstable angina with certain findings on an electrocardiogram), and developed a risk model and risk score for SCD after NSTE ACS.

Scientists generate a new type of human stem cell that has half a genome
Scientists have created a new type of embryonic stem cell that carries a single copy of the human genome, instead of the two copies typically found.

Maternal instincts
Experimental evolution of C. elegans proves deterministic maternal effects can give offspring a head start in life.

Smaller, cheaper microbial fuel cells turn urine into electricity
A new kind of fuel cell that can turn urine into electricity could revolutionize the way we produce bioenergy, particularly in developing countries.

Healthcare systems must adapt to cope with escalating impact of ageing populations
The head of The Innovation Group, Professor Rene Amalberti, has advised that healthcare systems must adapt in order to cope with our ageing populations.

First successful extraction of ancient DNA from a southern African mummy
Researchers have presented one of the first CT scans of a mummified individual from southern Africa, and also completed the first successful ancient DNA extraction from such remains.

Trained technicians using CV software improved the accuracy and quality of LDCT scans
Trained technician screeners with assisted computer-aided nodule detection or computer vision screening workstations can efficiently and accurately review and triage abnormal low-dose computed topography scans for radiologist review.

Physical activity found to decrease risk of dying in COPD
Any amount of moderate to vigorous physical activity can effectively reduce the risk of dying after hospitalization for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a new study.

Fairywrens learn mother's calls before they hatch
Many birds learn their songs from their parents, but what if they could get a head start?

The hormone cortisol has been linked to increased aggression in 10-year-old boys
Spanish researchers have studied the relationship between hormones and aggressive behavior in girls and boys between the ages of 8 and 10.

Scientists track down origin of bats killed by wind turbines using chemical fingerprints
A new study from the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science tracks down the origin of bats killed by wind turbines in the Appalachian region using stable isotope and genetic analysis in hopes of better understanding the risks to affected populations.

High standards produce mixed effects on marriages
There is a tension between what spouses demand from their marriages and what they are capable of attaining from those marriages, according to recent psychology research.

Scientists discover parts of organs 'have minds of their own' when it comes to growth
Scientists at the University of Sussex have discovered how parts of organs grow differently when body size changes.

Fat worker ants survive starvation five times longer than skinny foragers
Ants forage for a collective stomach providing a constant food supply for the nest, but how well does the colony cope when food becomes scarce?

Lasers help speed up the detection of bacterial growth in packaged food
A group of researchers from Zhejiang Normal University in China and UmeƄ University in Sweden report a fast, accurate, and noninvasive technique for monitoring bacterial growth.

NASA's Aqua Satellite sees Tropical Cyclone 16P form in Gulf of Carpentaria
The sixteenth tropical cyclone of the Southern Pacific Ocean season was forming in the southern Gulf of Carpentaria on March 16 as NASA's Aqua satellite captured a visible picture of the storm.

Why are some people more attached to their phones than others?
Some people frequently check and re-check their mobile phones. Once this impulse is triggered, it may be more a question of not being able to leave the device alone than actually hoping to gain some reward from it.

Pharma.AI launches to apply artificial intelligence to drug discovery and development
InSilico Medicine is acquiring the advances in artificial intelligence to its R&D in drug discovery.

Scientists generate a new type of human stem cell that has half a genome
Scientists have succeeded in generating a new type of embryonic stem cell that carries a single copy of the human genome, instead of the two copies typically found in normal stem cells.

Athletes sprinting with left leg prostheses could miss out on golds at Paralympics
Sprinters that compete over 200m and 400m run on curves and now scientists from the University of Colorado Boulder, USA, have shown that Paralympic sprinters that run with a left leg prosthesis can be as much as 0.2s slower than athletes that compete with a right leg prosthesis when running in the inside lane, which could cost left leg amputees the gold medal.

Counterattack of the hepatitis B virus
The hepatitis B virus (HBV) infects liver cells. Drugs are available to treat HBV, but they rarely cure the infection, and so the virus typically returns after the treatment ends.

Human challenge promises to speed up dengue vaccine development
A controlled human challenge study shows that a candidate dengue vaccine can fully protect healthy volunteers who were intentionally infected with a weak form of the dengue virus.

Researchers discover sophisticated alarm signaling in a primitive insect
Many insect species respond to danger by producing chemical alarm signals, or alarm pheromones, to inform others.

Rat problems in poor neighborhoods linked to depressive symptoms
Residents of Baltimore's low-income neighborhoods who believe rats are a big problem where they live are significantly more likely to suffer from depressive symptoms such as sadness and anxiety, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

CNIO scientists discover a link between psoriasis and general bone loss
For the first time, researchers have linked psoriasis to the risk of widespread bone loss and describe how the protein IL-17 acts as a 'messenger' between the skin and the bones.

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in Europe 2014
The European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) annual survey continues to provide valuable and up-to-date information on use of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) throughout Europe.

Increased dementia risk in women -- a matter of proteins?
Gender-specific differences between the levels and structures of proteins present in the white matter and the mitochondria of the brains of men and women suffering from dementia have been revealed for the first time in a study published in the open-access journal Molecular Brain.

Monster mystery solved
Tully monsters, bizarre aquatic animals that lived in what's now Illinois 307 million years ago, have defied categorization for decades -- until now.

Healthy heart equals healthy brain
Achieving the metrics that define a healthy heart may translate to healthier brain function as people age.

DOE selects Carnegie Mellon for environmental remediation training
The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Management has selected Carnegie Mellon University to provide specialized training for graduate students in robotics to support environmental remediation of nuclear sites.

Solving the mystery of the Tully Monster
The Tully Monster, an oddly configured sea creature with teeth at the end of a narrow, trunk-like extension of its head and eyes that perch on either side of a long, rigid bar, has finally been identified.

Keeping ribosomes stuck may stop virulent bacteria strain in its track
Compounds that stop a cellular rescue operation for stuck ribosomes may bolster the nation's defenses against biowarfare and bioterrorism, as well as create alternative antibiotics to handle increasingly resistant pathogens, according to a team of researchers.

Capturing 'black gold' with light
New Monash University research published this week in the Royal Society of Chemistry journal Nanoscale has found a simple and effective way of capturing graphenes and the toxins and contaminants they attract from water by using light.

Bacterial resistance to copper in the making for thousands of years
Human use of copper dating back to the Bronze Age has shaped the evolution of bacteria, leading to bugs that are highly resistant to the metal's antibacterial properties.

Scaling mental resilience more effectively
Many people get on with their lives after traumatic experiences without any psychological suffering.

Within six families, a path to personalized treatment for an immune disorder
The most common immune disorder, common variable immunodeficiency disorder (CVID), is notoriously difficult to diagnose early, before serious complications develop.

Poor diet and lack of exercise accelerate the onset of age-related conditions in mice
Could an unhealthy diet and lack of exercise be making you age faster?

Analysis of outcomes of hemophilia care over 50-year span reveals progress, disparities
Despite significant advances in hemophilia therapies and increased access to integrated treatment centers over the last half century, men with severe forms of this disease still experience physical limitations and disability, according to new research published online today in Blood, the Journal of the American Society of Hematology (ASH).

Critically endangered crocodile hatchlings from same nest may have multiple fathers
Genetic analysis revealed that critically endangered Orinoco crocodile hatchlings from the same clutch may have multiple fathers, according to a study published March 16, 2016, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE.

Researchers prevent, normalize tumors using light to control cell electric signals
It is possible to prevent tumors and normalize them after they have formed by using light to control cells' electrical signals.

Study reports significant link between nightmares and suicidal behavior
A new study is the first to report that the relationship between nightmares and suicidal behaviors is partially mediated by a multi-step pathway via defeat, entrapment and hopelessness.

'Lost' memories can be found
MIT neuroscientists retrieve missing memories in mice with early Alzheimer's symptoms.

Threatened plant gets boost from biotech lab
Joyce Van Eck developed a tissue culture method to multiply woodland agrimony, a rare, threatened plant in New York state.

3-D printing could one day help fix damaged cartilage in knees, noses and ears (video)
Athletes, the elderly and others who suffer from injuries and arthritis can lose cartilage and experience a lot of pain.

Cellular 'backpacks' could treat disease while minimizing side effects
Drug therapies for many conditions end up treating the whole body even when only one part needs it.

Allowing women to extend labor reduces rate of cesarean delivery
The study suggests that C-section rates could be reduced by over 50 percent by increasing the time allowed in the final phase of labor before a C-section is initiated.

Young sun-like star shows a magnetic field was critical for life on the early Earth
Nearly four billion years ago, life arose on Earth. Life appeared because our planet had a rocky surface, liquid water, and a blanketing atmosphere.

New technique tracks 'heartbeat' of hundreds of wetlands
University of Washington researchers have developed a new method to track how wetlands in Eastern Washington behave seasonally, which will also help monitor how they change as the climate warms.

Selfish bumblebees are not prepared to share
Well qualified bumblebees are not prepared to share their pollinating knowledge with less experienced bees, according to new research carried out at Queen Mary University of London.

Sorghum: Not so ho-hum
Researchers recently released 40 varieties of early-flowering sorghum bred for use in cooler, more temperate areas.

Project makes NASA, other research available to offshore industry
Offshore innovation may get easier -- and less expensive -- with a new online database launched by the University of Houston, through its partnership in the Ocean Energy Safety Institute.

Plants' ability to adapt could change conventional wisdom on climate change, U of M study finds
Plants speed up their respiratory metabolism as temperatures rise, leading to a long-held concern that as climate warms the elevated carbon release from a ramped-up metabolism could flip global forests from a long-term carbon sink to a carbon source, further accelerating climate change.

USDA announces awards, available funding to support agriculture education
The US Department of Agriculture today announced awards totaling more than $4.5 million to support college and university faculty who develop innovative projects that advance agriculture and science education.

Mitochondrial metabolism linked to acute kidney injury
Researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center help explain the origins of acute kidney injury and suggest that manipulation of the NAD aging molecule might help prevent loss of kidney function and subsequent complications.

A surprising makeover turns an ordinary protein into a magnetic sculptor
By studying an unusual group of magnetic microorganisms, scientists at UC Berkeley have uncovered a new and unexpected function for a ubiquitous protein family.

'Invulnerable' coatings for cutting tools from gas
Scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic University create coverings for next generation cutting tools: they will be not only durable, but also suitable for the treatment of most materials.

Why some tumors withstand treatment
MIT researchers uncover a mechanism that allows cancer cells to evade targeted therapies.

Evolution meets biochemistry to better understand how dopamine receptors work
Baylor research helps explain how dopamine 2 receptor maintains its structure and function, and opens the possibility for better drug designs.

Potential Zika virus risk estimated for 50 US cities
The Aedes aegypti mosquito, which is spreading the virus in much of Latin America and the Caribbean, will likely become increasingly abundant across much of the southern and eastern United States as the weather warms, according to a new study led by mosquito and disease experts at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado.

Coral on a chip cracks coral mysteries
Growing corals in the lab reveals their complex lives.

Cornell receives $24 million to combat threats to global wheat crop
Climate-change-induced heat stress and disease pathogens migrating across borders threaten the world's wheat supply and food security in conflict zones of Africa and the Middle East.

Identifying priorities for surgical disparities research
Identifying research and funding priorities for addressing health care disparities -- which encompass differential access, care, and outcomes due to factors such as race/ethnicity -- is the topic of a new scholarly published in the March 16, 2016 issue of JAMA Surgery.

CU study shows how Paralympic track sprinters are slowed by curves
A University of Colorado Boulder study shows that when rounding curves, Paralympic sprinters wearing left-leg prostheses are slowed more than athletes with right-leg amputations -- a disadvantage that could cost them dearly in official competition.

This necklace hears what you eat
Researchers are developing a necklace that tracks what we eat via microphone and a mobile app.

Science sheds new light on the life and death of medieval king Erik
The saint's legend speaks of a king who died a dramatic death in battle outside the church in Uppsala, Sweden, where he had just celebrated mass.

Treatment lessens cerebral damage following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
Among comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, treatment with inhaled xenon gas combined with hypothermia, compared with hypothermia alone, results in less white matter damage.

Chinese scientists modulate cholesterol metabolism to potentiate T-cell antitumor immunity
As key players in the immune system, T cells provide tumor surveillance and have direct antitumor effects.

Unexpected changes of bright spots on Ceres discovered
Observations made at ESO's La Silla Observatory in Chile have revealed unexpected changes in the bright spots on the dwarf planet Ceres.

Climate warming accelerating carbon loss from thawing Arctic soils, Dartmouth study finds
Warmer, wetter conditions in the Arctic are accelerating the loss of carbon stored in tundra and permafrost soils, creating a potential positive feedback that further boosts global temperatures, a Dartmouth College study finds.

Flipping a light switch recovers memories lost to Alzheimer's disease mice
Light stimulation of brain cells can recover memories in mice with Alzheimer's disease-like memory loss, according to new research from the RIKEN-MIT Center for Neural Circuit Genetics.

Many AFib patients at highest risk of stroke not receiving recommended oral anticoagulant therapy
In a study published online by JAMA Cardiology, Jonathan C.

Marijuana use disorder is on the rise nationally; few receive treatment
The percentage of Americans who reported using marijuana in the past year more than doubled between 2001-2002 and 2012-2013, and the increase in marijuana use disorders during that time was nearly as large.

IADR/AADR Publish Inaugural Issue of JDR Clinical & Translational Research
The International and American Associations for Dental Research (IADR/AADR) have just released the inaugural issue of the JDR Clinical & Translational Research.

Health effects of sit-stand desks, interventions aimed to reduce sitting at work are still unproven
An updated Cochrane Review, published today in the Cochrane Library, says that the benefits of a variety of interventions intended to reduce sitting at work are very uncertain.

Vegans may lack essential nutrient intake, Mayo Clinic study reports
The health benefits of a plant-based diet is well-known, but the question remains: Could vegans be at risk for deficiency of essential nutrients?

Re-energizing the aging brain
Supplementation with the molecule pyruvate increases the energy reserves in the brain of aging mice, and makes them more energetic and keener to explore their surroundings.

Climate variations analyzed 5 million years back in time
When we talk about climate change today, we have to recognize the natural variations to be able to distinguish them from the human-induced changes.

Time to eat
Weizmann Institute scientists find that our cells' power plants run on timers.

New work-family research shows how team makeup, 'virtuality' affect social loafing
Is virtual teamwork productive? Are managers really getting the most out of their teams when virtuality is involved?

Most presidential candidates speak at grade 6-8 level
A readability analysis of presidential candidate speeches by researchers in Carnegie Mellon University's Language Technologies Institute finds most candidates using words and grammar typical of students in grades 6-8, though Donald Trump tends to lag behind the others.

Aging is portrayed as mainly negative in popular music lyrics
A recent analysis of popular music reveals that while older age and aging are represented both negatively and positively in music lyrics, negative representations predominate.

'Disruptive device' brings xenon-NMR to fragile materials
Scientists have developed a device that enables NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) spectroscopy, coupled with a powerful molecular sensor, to analyze molecular interactions in viscous solutions and fragile materials such as liquid crystals.

Making electronics safer with perovskites
A team of scientists from Hokkaido University and the multinational electronics company TDK Corporation in Japan has developed a method to improve the insulating properties of the oxynitride perovskite SrTaO2N for potential use as a ceramic capacitor.

The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology: Public transport, walking and cycling
Adults who commute to work via cycling or walking have lower body fat percentage and body mass index measures in mid-life compared to adults who commute via car, according to a new study in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology journal.

Wetland enhancement in Midwest could help reduce catastrophic floods of the future
Restoration of wetlands in the Midwest could significantly reduce peak river flows during floods -- not only now, but also in the future if heavy rains continue to increase in intensity, as climate models predict.

SwRI, CSF announce June 2016 suborbital space research and education conference
As a new generation of space vehicles prepares to come online over the next two years, the 2016 Next-generation Suborbital Researchers Conference will bring together hundreds of suborbital researchers, educators, flight providers, spaceports, and government officials in Broomfield, Colo., just outside Denver June 2-4.

Interventions to minimize high-risk prescribing can cut emergency admissions
High-risk prescribing and preventable drug-related complications in primary care are major concerns for health care systems internationally, responsible for up to 4 percent of emergency hospital admissions, a study by University of Dundee and NHS Tayside has shown.

Silent oceans: Acidification stops shrimp chorus
Snapping shrimps, the loudest invertebrate in the ocean, may be silenced under increasing ocean acidification, a University of Adelaide study has found.

UNC-Chapel Hill researchers crack 50-year-old nuclear waste problem, make storage safer
Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have adapted a technology developed for solar energy in order to selectively remove one of the trickiest and most-difficult-to-remove elements in nuclear waste pools across the country, making the storage of nuclear waste safer and nontoxic - and solving a decades-old problem.

High coronary calcium score may signal increased risk of cancer, kidney and lung disease
A 10-year follow-up study of more than 6,000 people who underwent heart CT scans suggests that a high coronary artery calcium score puts people at greater risk not only for heart and vascular disease but also for cancer, chronic kidney disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Bronze bell recovered from World War II aircraft-carrying submarine off Oahu coast
During a test dive last week, the Hawai'i Undersea Research Laboratory (HURL) recovered the bronze bell from the I-400 -- a World War II-era Imperial Japanese Navy mega-submarine, lost since 1946 when it was intentionally sunk by US forces after its capture. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to